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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166010/conformational-dynamics-of-asparagine-at-coiled-coil-interfaces
#1
Franziska Thomas, Ai Niitsu, Alain Oregioni, Gail J Bartlett, Derek N Woolfson
Coiled coils (CCs) are among the best-understood protein folds. Nonetheless, there are gaps in our knowledge of CCs. Notably, CCs are likely to be structurally more dynamic than often considered. Here, we explore this in an abundant class of CCs, parallel dimers, focusing on polar asparagine (Asn) residues in the hydrophobic interface. It is well documented that such inclusions discriminate between different CC oligomers, which has been rationalized in terms of whether the Asn can make side-chain hydrogen bonds or not...
November 22, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165498/tomographic-magnetic-particle-imaging-of-cancer-targeted-nanoparticles
#2
Hamed Arami, Eric Teeman, Alyssa Troksa, Haydin Bradshaw, Katayoun Saatchi, Asahi Tomitaka, Sanjiv Sam Gambhir, Urs O Häfeli, Denny Liggitt, Kannan M Krishnan
Magnetic Particle Imaging (MPI) is an emerging, whole body biomedical imaging technique, with sub-millimeter spatial resolution and high sensitivity to a biocompatible contrast agent consisting of an iron oxide nanoparticle core and a biofunctionalized shell. Successful application of MPI for imaging of cancer depends on the nanoparticles (NPs) accumulating at tumors at sufficient levels relative to other sites. NPs' physiochemical properties such as size, crystallographic structure and uniformity, surface coating, stability, blood circulation time and magnetization determine the efficacy of their tumor accumulation and MPI signal generation...
November 22, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165072/mpeg-pla-micelle-for-delivery-of-effective-parts-of-andrographis-paniculata
#3
Hailu Yao, Shiyong Song, Xiaolu Miao, Xiao Liu, Zhen Wang, Xiaoting Shao, Yu Zhang, Guang Han
Many studies have shown that Andrographis paniculata (Burm. f.) Nees has a good anti-tumor effect, but poor solubility in water and poor bioavailability hinder the modernization of it. To formulate the effective parts (mainly diterpene lactones) of Andrographis paniculata (AEP) into targeting drug delivery system, a series of poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(D.L-lactic acid)(mPEG-PLA) with different ratio of hydrophilic and hydrophobic segment were synthetized to encapsulate AEP. AEP micelles were prepared by a simple solvent-evaporation method...
November 19, 2017: Current Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164616/protection-against-%C3%AE-amyloid-neurotoxicity-by-a-non-toxic-endogenous-n-terminal-%C3%AE-amyloid-fragment-and-its-active-hexapeptide-core-sequence
#4
Kelly H Forest, Naghum Alfulaij, Komal Arora, Ruth Taketa, Tessi Sherrin, Cedomir Todorovic, James L M Lawrence, Gene T Yoshikawa, Ho-Leung Ng, Victor J Hruby, Robert A Nichols
High levels (μM) of beta amyloid (Aβ) oligomers are known to trigger neurotoxic effects, leading to synaptic impairment, behavioral deficits and apoptotic cell death. The hydrophobic C-terminal domain of Aβ, together with sequences critical for oligomer formation, is essential for this neurotoxicity. However, Aβ at low levels (pM-nM) has been shown to function as a positive neuromodulator and this activity resides in the hydrophilic N-terminal domain of Aβ. An N-terminal Aβ fragment (1-15/16), found in cerebrospinal fluid, was also shown to be a highly active neuromodulator and to reverse Aβ-induced impairments of long-term potentiation...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161516/influence-of-grafted-block-copolymer-structure-on-thermoresponsiveness-of-superparamagnetic-core-shell-nanoparticles
#5
Steffen Kurzhals, Martina Schroffenegger, Noga Gal, Ronald Zirbs, Erik Reimhult
The morphology and topology of thermoresponsive polymers have strong impact on their responsive properties. Grafting onto spherical particles has been shown to reduce responsiveness and transition temperatures; grafting of block copolymers has shown that switchable or retained wettability of a surface or particle during desolvation of one block can take place. Here, doubly thermoresponsive block copolymers were grafted onto spherical, monodisperse and superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles to investigate the effect of thermal desolvation on spherical brushes of block copolymers...
November 21, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161503/hierarchical-mesoporous-nio-mno2-pani-core-shell-microspheres-highly-efficient-and-stable-bifunctional-electrocatalysts-for-oxygen-evolution-and-reduction-reactions
#6
Junkai He, Mingchao Wang, Wenbo Wang, Ran Miao, Wei Zhong, Sheng-Yu Chen, Shannon Poges, Tahereh Jafari, Wenqiao Song, Jiachen Liu, Steven L Suib
We report on the new facile synthesis of mesoporous NiO/MnO2 in one-step by modifying inverse micelle templated UCT (University of Connecticut) methods. The catalyst shows excellent electrocatalytic activity and stability for both the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) and the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in alkaline media after further coating with polyaniline. For electrochemical performance, the optimized catalyst exhibits a potential gap, ΔE, of 0.75 V to achieve a current of 10 mA cm-2 for the OER and -3 mA cm-2 for the ORR in 0...
November 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159352/improved-li-storage-performance-with-pedot-decorated-mno2-nanoboxes
#7
Xiaoqiao Chen, Zhiguang Cao, Lidan Xing, Youhao Liao, Yongcai Qiu, Weishan Li
In this paper, MnO2 nanoboxes coated with poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) film (denoted as MnO2@PEDOT) are investigated as an anode material in lithium-ion batteries. The MnO2 nanoboxes are developed through the surface chemical oxidation decomposition of MnCO3 cubes and the subsequent removal of their remaining cores. PEDOT is coated on the surface of MnO2 nanoboxes via in situ polymerization of 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene. The charge-discharge tests demonstrate that this special configuration endows the resulting MnO2@PEDOT with remarkable electrochemical performances, that is a reversible capacity of 628 mA h g(-1) after 850 cycles at a current density of 1000 mA g(-1) and a rate capacity of 367 mA h g(-1) at 3000 mA g(-1)...
November 21, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158954/the-relationship-between-segmental-rolling-ability-and-lumbar-multifidus-activation-time
#8
Nicole Clark, Michael L Voight, Ashley M Campbell, Sherry Pierce, Pat Sells, Ryan Cook, Clint Henley, Lindsey Schiller
Background: Segmental rolling has been utilized as an assessment and intervention tool to identify and affect dysfunction of the upper quarter, core, and lower quarter. One theory to explain dysfunctional segmental rolling is a lack of segmental spinal control / stabilization. Faulty muscle firing sequencing has been related to poor spinal stability, however to date, no assessment tool exists to evaluate a patient's motor coordination of local and global musculature. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the temporal sequence of lumbar multifidus activation associated with anterior deltoid activation, and to determine if faulty sequencing was associated with the inability to segmentally roll in subjects without mobility restrictions...
November 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158321/assembly-and-turnover-of-neurofilaments-in-growing-axonal-neurites
#9
Edward F Boumil, Rishel Vohnoutka, Sangmook Lee, Harish Pant, Thomas B Shea
Neurofilaments (NFs) are thought to provide stability to the axon. We examined NF dynamics within axonal neurites of NB2a/d1 neuroblastoma by transient transfection with green fluorescent protein-tagged NF-H (GFP-H) under the control of a tetracycline-inducible promoter. Immunofluorescent and biochemical analyses demonstrated that GFP-H expressed early during neurite outgrowth associated with a population of centrally-situated, highly-phosphorylated crosslinked NFs along the length of axonal neurites ("bundled NFs")...
November 20, 2017: Biology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157974/stability-of-aerobic-granules-during-long-term-bioreactor-operation
#10
REVIEW
Rita D G Franca, Helena M Pinheiro, Mark C M van Loosdrecht, Nídia D Lourenço
Aerobic granular sludge technology has been extensively studied over the past 20 years and is regarded as the upcoming new standard for biological treatment of domestic and industrial wastewaters. Aerobic granules (AG) are dense, compact, self-immobilized microbial aggregates that allow better sludge-water separation and thereby higher biomass concentrations in the bioreactor than conventional activated sludge aggregates. This brings potential practical advantages in terms of investment cost, energy consumption and footprint...
November 17, 2017: Biotechnology Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155566/structure-based-insights-into-dynamics-and-function-of-two-domain-slpa-from-escherichia-coli
#11
Anne-Juliane Geitner, Ulrich Weininger, Hauke Paulsen, Jochen Balbach, Michael Kovermann
SlpA (SlyD like protein A) comprises two domains, a FK506 binding domain (FKBP fold) of moderate prolyl cis/trans isomerase activity and an inserted in flap (IF) domain that hosts its chaperone activity. Here we present the NMR solution structure of apo E. coli SlpA determined by NMR which mirrors the structural properties seen for various SlyD homologs. Crucial structural differences in side-chain orientation arise for F37 which points directly into the hydrophobic core of the active site. It forms a prominent aromatic stacking with F15, one of the key residues for PPIase activity, thus giving a possible explanation for the inherently low PPIase activity of SlpA...
November 20, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154996/selective-binding-magnetic-separation-and-purification-of-histidine-tagged-protein-using-biopolymer-magnetic-core-shell-nanoparticles
#12
Yang Zhou, Dandan Yan, Shaofei Yuan, Yawen Chen, Emmanuella E Fletcher, Haifeng Shi, Bangxing Han
In previous studies, we synthesized the magnetic core-shell structured Fe3O4/PMG/IDA-Ni(2+) nanoparticles. The Ni(2+) on the surface of nanoparticles provides abundant docking sites for histidine, and the composite nanoparticles showed potential applications in the separation and purification of histidine-tagged (His-tagged) proteins. Meanwhile, the presence of the superparamagnetic core (Fe3O4) in the nanoparticles allows them to be quickly separated and purified by an external magnetic field. Herein, the ability of magnetic nanoparticles to purify His-tagged human superoxide dismutase 1 (hSOD1) was verified...
November 15, 2017: Protein Expression and Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153949/a-novel-label-free-electrochemical-immunosensor-for-ultra-sensitively-detecting-prostate-specific-antigen-based-on-the-enhanced-catalytic-currents-of-oxygen-reduction-catalyzed-by-core-shell-au-pt-nanocrystals
#13
Rui Wang, Ai-Jun Wang, Wei-Dong Liu, Pei-Xin Yuan, Yadong Xue, Xiliang Luo, Jiu-Ju Feng
Herein, bimetallic core-shell Au@Pt nanocrystals (Au@Pt NCs) were prepared by a simple one-pot aqueous method using 2-pyrrolidone-5-carboxylic acid sodium salt (PCA-Na) as a new and green growth-directing agent. The obtained architectures displayed excellent catalytic activity towards oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) compared with commercial Pt/C catalyst. A novel immunosensor was constructed via assembly prostate specific antibody on the surface of Au@Pt NCs. It was found that the ORR currents were significantly suppressed due to the specific antigen-antibody reaction...
November 11, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153652/enzymes-catalyzing-pre-hydrolysis-facilitated-the-anaerobic-fermentation-of-waste-activated-sludge-with-acidogenic-and-microbiological-perspectives
#14
Xiaodong Xin, Junguo He, Lin Li, Wei Qiu
This study investigated acidogenic and microbiological perspectives in the anaerobic fermentation (AF) of waste activated sludge (WAS) pre-hydrolyzed by enzymes catalysis. The enzymes catalysis boosted WAS biodegradability dramatically with nearly 8500 mg/L soluble chemical oxygen demand (SCOD) increase just within 4 h. The volatile fatty acids (VFAs) in the acidogenesis were accumulated effectively with over 3200 mg COD/L in 12 d, which reached 0.687 kWh/kg VSS electricity conversion efficiency (2...
October 4, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152050/consequences-of-depsipeptide-substitution-on-the-clpp-activation-activity-of-antibacterial-acyldepsipeptides
#15
Yangxiong Li, Nathan P Lavey, Jesse A Coker, Jessica E Knobbe, Dat C Truong, Hongtao Yu, Yu-Shan Lin, Susan L Nimmo, Adam S Duerfeldt
The acyldepsipeptide (ADEP) antibiotics operate through a clinically unexploited mechanism of action and thus have attracted attention from several antibacterial development groups. The ADEP scaffold is synthetically tractable, and deep-seated modifications have produced extremely potent antibacterial leads against Gram-positive pathogens. Although newly identified ADEP analogs demonstrate remarkable antibacterial activity against bacterial isolates and in mouse models of bacterial infections, stability issues pertaining to the depsipeptide core remain...
November 9, 2017: ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151348/polysulfone-sio2-hybrid-shell-microcapsules-synthesized-by-the-combination-of-pickering-emulsification-and-solvent-evaporation-technique-and-their-application-in-self-lubricating-composites
#16
Haiyan Li, Shuang Li, Zhike Li, Yanji Zhu, Huaiyuan Wang
Lubricant oil-filled polysulfone/SiO2 (PSF/SiO2) hybrid shell microcapsules are prepared by the combination of Pickering emulsification and the solvent evaporation technique. Silica particles are used as stabilizers. The structure and properties of the microcapsules are influenced by the silica particle concentration, agitation speed, and encapsulation temperature. The formation of PSF/SiO2 hybrid microcapsules is confirmed by scanning electron microscope (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA)...
November 18, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150150/biocompatible-hollow-polymeric-particles-produced-by-a-mild-solvent-and-template-free-strategy
#17
Eustolia Rodríguez-Velázquez, Pablo Taboada, Manuel Alatorre-Meda
Macroscopic hollow polymeric particles are attractive materials for various applications such as surgery, food industry, agriculture, etc. However, protocols reporting their synthesis have hitherto made use of organic solvents and/or sacrificial templates, compromising the encapsulation of different bioactive compounds and the process yield. Here, millimeter-size, hollow polymeric particles were synthesized, for the first time, in a solvent- and template free manner onto superhydrophobic surfaces (SHS). The particles were produced upon assembly and double superficial crosslinking of liquid droplets of DNA and methacrylamide chitosan aqueous solutions (CH:MA), leading to liquid-core particles with a hardened hydrogel shell...
November 14, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149720/a-robust-strategy-for-preparation-of-sequential-stimuli-responsive-block-copolymer-prodrugs-via-thiolactone-chemistry-to-overcome-multiple-anticancer-drug-delivery-barriers
#18
Wendong Ke, Wei Yin, Zengshi Zha, Jean Felix Mukerabigwi, Weijian Chen, Yuheng Wang, Chuanxin He, Zhishen Ge
Block copolymer prodrugs (BCPs) have attracted considerable attentions in clinical translation of nanomedicine owing to their self-assembly into well-defined core-shell nanoparticles for improved pharmacokinetics, stability in blood circulation without drug leakage, and optimized biodistribution. However, a cascade of physiological barriers against specific delivery of drugs into tumor cells limit the final therapeutic efficacy. Herein, we report a robust and facile strategy based on thiolactone chemistry to fabricate well-defined BCPs with sequential tumor pH-promoted cellular internalization and intracellular stimuli-responsive drug release...
November 9, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149404/the-translational-controlled-tumour-protein-tctp-biological-functions-and-regulation
#19
Ulrich-Axel Bommer
The Translational Controlled Tumour Protein TCTP (gene symbol TPT1, also called P21, P23, Q23, fortilin or histamine-releasing factor, HRF) is a highly conserved protein present in essentially all eukaryotic organisms and involved in many fundamental cell biological and disease processes. It was first discovered about 35 years ago, and it took an extended period of time for its multiple functions to be revealed, and even today we do not yet fully understand all the details. Having witnessed most of this history, in this chapter, I give a brief overview and review the current knowledge on the structure, biological functions, disease involvements and cellular regulation of this protein...
2017: Results and Problems in Cell Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148796/layer-by-layer-self-assembly-of-polyelectrolytic-block-copolymer-worms-on-a-planar-substrate
#20
Nicholas Penfold, Andrew J Parnell, Marta Molina, Pierre Verstraete, Johan Smets, Steven P Armes
Cationic and anionic block copolymer worms are prepared by polymerization-induced self-assembly (PISA) via reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) aqueous dispersion copolymerization of 2-hydroxypropyl methacrylate (HPMA) and glycidyl methacrylate (GlyMA), using a binary mixture of a non-ionic poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) macromolecular RAFT agent and either a cationic poly([2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl] trimethylammonium chloride) (PQDMA) or an anionic poly(potassium 3-sulfopropyl methacrylate) (PKSPMA) macromolecular RAFT agent...
November 17, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
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