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Core Stabilization

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930197/red-blood-cell-eicosapentaenoic-acid-inversely-relates-to-mri-assessed-carotid-plaque-lipid-core-burden-in-elders-at-high-cardiovascular-risk
#1
Núria Bargalló, Rosa Gilabert, Edwin-Saúl Romero-Mamani, Montserrat Cofán, Philip C Calder, Montserrat Fitó, Dolores Corella, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Ramon Estruch, Emilio Ros, Aleix Sala-Vila
Supplemental marine omega-3 eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) has an anti-atherosclerotic effect. Clinical research on EPA supplied by the regular diet and atherosclerosis is scarce. In the framework of the PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea (PREDIMED) trial, we conducted a cross-sectional study in 161 older individuals at high vascular risk grouped into different stages of carotid atherosclerosis severity, including those without ultrasound-detected atheroma plaque (n = 38), with plaques <2.0 mm thick (n = 65), and with plaques ≥2...
September 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926998/a-new-hydrogen-sensor-based-on-sns-fiber-interferometer-with-pd-wo%C3%A2-coating
#2
Jinxin Shao, Wenge Xie, Xi Song, Yanan Zhang
This paper presents a new hydrogen sensor based on a single mode-no core-single mode (SNS) fiber interferometer structure. The surface of the no core fiber (NCF) was coated by Pd/WO₃ film to detect the variation of hydrogen concentration. If the hydrogen concentration changes, the refractive index of the Pd/WO₃ film as well as the boundary condition for light propagating in the NCF will all be changed, which will then cause a shift into the resonant wavelength of interferometer. Therefore, the hydrogen concentration can be deduced by measuring the shift of the resonant wavelength...
September 18, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925263/partially-reversible-photo-induced-chemical-changes-in-a-mixed-ion-perovskite-material-for-solar-cells
#3
Ute B Cappel, Sebastian Svanström, Valeria Lanzilotto, Fredrik Oskar Lars Johansson, Kerttu Aitola, Bertrand Philippe, Erika Giangrisostomi, Ruslan Ovsyannikov, Torsten Leitner, Alexander Foehlisch, Svante Svensson, Nils Mårtensson, Gerrit Boschloo, Andreas Lindblad, Håkan Rensmo
Metal halide perovskites have emerged as materials of high interest for solar energy to electricity conversion and in particular the use of mixed ion structures has led to high power conversion efficiencies and improved stability. For this reason, it is important develop means to obtain atomic level understanding of the photo-induced behaviour of these materials including processes such as photo-induced phase separation and ion migration. In this paper, we implement a new methodology combining visible laser illumination of a mixed-ion perovskite ((FAPbI3)0...
September 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925020/one-pot-synthesis-of-size-controllable-core-shell-cds-and-derivative-cds-znxcd1-xs-structures-for-dramatic-photocatalytic-hydrogen-production
#4
Shuangshuang Kai, Baojuan Xi, Yifeng Wang, Shenglin Xiong
Chalcogenide micro/nano composite structures have been attracting world-wide attention due to the enormous prospect of applications in photocatalytic hydrogen production. Well-defined micro/nanostructures, featured with predominant properties, are of extraordinary importance. Herein, we reported a facile one-pot method on synthesis of monodispersed size-controllable CdS and CdS@ZnxCd1-xS core-shell submicrospheres, which were engineered with respect to the structural conformation and size. CdS core-shell submicrospheres with different size were selectively prepared for the first time...
September 18, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924948/magnetic-nanoparticles-for-the-delivery-of-dapagliflozin-to-hypoxic-tumors-physicochemical-characterization-and-cell-studies
#5
Athina Angelopoulou, Efstathia Voulgari, Argiris Kolokithas-Ntoukas, Aristides Bakandritsos, Konstantinos Avgoustakis
In solid tumors, hypoxia (lack of oxygen) is developed, which leads to the development of resistance of tumor cells to chemotherapy and radiotherapy through various mechanisms. Nevertheless, hypoxic cells are particularly vulnerable when glycolysis is inhibited. For this reason, in this study, the development of magnetically targetable nanocarriers of the sodium-glucose transporter protein (SGLT2) inhibitor dapagliflozin (DAPA) was developed for the selective delivery of DAPA in tumors. This nanomedicine in combination with radiotherapy or chemotherapy should be useful for effective treatment of hypoxic tumors...
September 18, 2017: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922606/three-dimensional-nico2o4-mnmoo4-core-shell-nanoarrays-for-high-performance-asymmetric-supercapacitors
#6
Yuliang Yuan, Weicheng Wang, Jie Yang, Haichao Tang, Zhizhen Ye, Yujia Zeng, Jianguo Lu
Design of new materials with sophisticated nanostructure has been proven to be an efficient strategy to improve their properties in many applications. Herein, we demonstrate the successful combination of high electron conductive materials of NiCo2O4 with the high capacitance materials of MnMoO4 by forming a core-shell nanostructure. The NiCo2O4@MnMoO4 core-shell nanoarrays (CSNAs) electrode possesses high specific capacitance of 4.24 F cm-2 at a current density of 5 mA cm-2, obviously larger than the pristine NiCo2O4 electrode...
September 18, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921970/tris-heteroleptic-iridium-complexes-based-on-cyclometalated-ligands-with-different-cores
#7
Yanouk Cudré, Felipe Franco de Carvalho, Gregory R Burgess, Louise Male, Simon J A Pope, Ivano Tavernelli, Etienne Baranoff
A series of tris-heteroleptic iridium complexes of the form [Ir(C^N(1))(C^N(2))(acac)] combining 2-phenylpyridine (ppy), 2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)pyridine (dFppy), 1-phenylpyrazole (ppz), and 1-(2,4-difluorophenyl)pyrazole (dFppz) as the C^N ligands have been synthesized and fully characterized by NMR, X-ray crystallography, UV-vis absorption and emission spectroscopy, and electrochemical methods. It is shown that "static properties" (e.g., absorption and emission spectra and redox potentials) are primarily dictated by the overall architecture of the complex, while "dynamic properties" (e...
September 18, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921543/language-growth-in-children-with-heterogeneous-language-disorders-a-population-study
#8
Courtenay Frazier Norbury, George Vamvakas, Debbie Gooch, Gillian Baird, Tony Charman, Emily Simonoff, Andrew Pickles
BACKGROUND: Language development has been characterised by significant individual stability from school entry. However, the extent to which trajectories of language growth vary in children with language disorder as a function of co-occurring developmental challenges is a question of theoretical import, with implications for service provision. METHODS: SCALES employed a population-based survey design with sample weighting procedures to estimate growth in core language skills over the first three years of school...
October 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920961/germline-mutations-affecting-the-histone-h4-core-cause-a-developmental-syndrome-by-altering-dna-damage-response-and-cell-cycle-control
#9
Federico Tessadori, Jacques C Giltay, Jane A Hurst, Maarten P Massink, Karen Duran, Harmjan R Vos, Robert M van Es, Richard H Scott, Koen L I van Gassen, Jeroen Bakkers, Gijs van Haaften
Covalent modifications of histones have an established role as chromatin effectors, as they control processes such as DNA replication and transcription, and repair or regulate nucleosomal structure. Loss of modifications on histone N tails, whether due to mutations in genes belonging to histone-modifying complexes or mutations directly affecting the histone tails, causes developmental disorders or has a role in tumorigenesis. More recently, modifications affecting the globular histone core have been uncovered as being crucial for DNA repair, pluripotency and oncogenesis...
September 18, 2017: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919979/reversal-of-fibrosis-in-patients-with-nonalcoholic-steatohepatosis-after-gastric-bypass-surgery
#10
Brian M Parker, Jiang Wu, Jing You, David S Barnes, Lisa Yerian, John P Kirwan, Philip R Schauer, Daniel I Sessler
BACKGROUND: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) improves the pathophysiology that contributes to obesity-related nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Whether obesity-related fibrosis improves is unclear. We hypothesized that RYGB reverses NASH and fibrosis, and indocyanine green (ICG) clearance provides a sensitive measure for detecting asymptomatic fatty liver disease. METHODS: One hundred six obese adults scheduled for RYGB had preoperative liver function assessed using standard tests and ICG clearance and core liver biopsies obtained during RYGB...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919525/gelatin-stabilization-of-quantum-dots-for-improved-stability-and-biocompatibility
#11
Sundararajan Parani, Kannaiyan Pandian, Oluwatobi Samuel Oluwafemi
We herein report an aqueous synthesis of gelatin stabilized CdTe/CdS/ZnS (CSSG) core/double shell quantum dots (QDs) with improved biocompatibility. The as-synthesized QDs were characterized by ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopic techniques, x-ray diffraction technique (XRD), x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The CSSG QDs revealed high photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) with excellent stability over a period of one year and retained 90% of its initial PLQY without any aggregation or precipitation under ambient condition...
September 14, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919098/temporal-regulation-of-%C3%AF-b-by-partner-switching-mechanism-at-a-distinct-growth-stage-in-bacillus-cereus
#12
Jung-Chi Chen, Chuan-Fu Chang, Duen-Wei Hsu, Jwu-Ching Shu, Hong-Yi Chen, Chien-Yen Chen, Chi-Yu Lu, Chien-Cheng Chen
The alternative transcription factor σ(B) in Bacillus cereus governs the transcription of a number of genes that confer protection against general stress. This transcription factor is regulated by protein-protein interactions among RsbV, RsbW, σ(B), RsbY, RsbM and RsbK, all encoded in the sigB cluster. Among these regulatory proteins, RsbV, RsbW and σ(B) comprise a partner-switching mechanism. Under normal conditions, σ(B) remains inactive by associating with anti-sigma factor RsbW, which prevents σ(B) from binding to the core RNA polymerase...
September 5, 2017: International Journal of Medical Microbiology: IJMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918952/a-dual-function-for-prickle-in-regulating-frizzled-stability-during-feedback-dependent-amplification-of-planar-polarity
#13
Samantha J Warrington, Helen Strutt, Katherine H Fisher, David Strutt
The core planar polarity pathway coordinates epithelial cell polarity during animal development, and loss of its activity gives rise to a range of defects, from aberrant morphogenetic cell movements to failure to correctly orient structures, such as hairs and cilia. The core pathway functions via a mechanism involving segregation of its protein components to opposite cells ends, where they form asymmetric intracellular complexes that couple cell-cell polarity. This segregation is a self-organizing process driven by feedback interactions between the core proteins themselves...
September 7, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918933/structural-proteomics-topology-and-relative-accessibility-of-plant-lipid-droplet-associated-proteins
#14
Pascale Jolivet, Laure Aymé, Alexandre Giuliani, Frank Wien, Thierry Chardot, Yann Gohon
Lipid droplets are the major stock of lipids in oleaginous plant seeds. Despite their economic importance for oil production and biotechnological issues (biofuels, lubricants and plasticizers), numerous questions about their formation, structure and regulation are still unresolved. To determine water accessible domains of protein coating at lipid droplets surface, a structural proteomic approach has been performed. This technique relies on the millisecond timescale production of hydroxyl radicals by the radiolysis of water using Synchrotron X-ray white beam...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917907/microencapsulation-of-eugenia-uniflora-l-juice-by-spray-drying-using-fructans-with-different-degrees-of-polymerisation
#15
R I Ortiz-Basurto, M E Rubio-Ibarra, J A Ragazzo-Sanchez, C I Beristain, M Jiménez-Fernández
The objective of this work was to microencapsulate pitanga (Eugenia uniflora L.) juice by spray drying, using High Performance Agave Fructans (HPAF) and High Degree of Polymerisation Agave Fructans (HDPAF) and maltodextrin (MD), respectively, as the wall materials. The physicochemical and antioxidant properties of the capsules during storage at various temperatures were evaluated. The microparticles developed using fructans HPAF and HDPAF, exhibited similar physicochemical and flow properties to those presented by the microparticles prepared with MD...
November 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915497/pegylated-polydopamine-coated-magnetic-nanoparticles-for-combined-targeted-chemotherapy-and-photothermal-ablation-of-tumour-cells
#16
Peng Xue, Lihong Sun, Qian Li, Lei Zhang, Jinhong Guo, Zhigang Xu, Yuejun Kang
The integration of multifunctional therapeutic capabilities into a single nanosystem has attracted much attention for use as an efficient cancer therapy. However, developing biocompatible therapeutic nano-agents with desirable safety, efficiency, targeting, and synergistic effects remains challenging. Herein, we designed a class of multifunctional PEGylated magnetic nanoparticles (NPs) with a core-shell structure and polydopamine (PDA) coating, which were loaded with the anticancer drug doxorubicin (DOX) for simultaneous targeted chemotherapy and photothermal ablation of tumour cells...
September 8, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915009/electron-stability-and-negative-tetron-luminescence-in-free-standing-colloidal-n-type-cdse-cds-quantum-dots
#17
Kimberly H Hartstein, Christian S Erickson, Emily Y Tsui, Arianna Marchioro, Daniel R Gamelin
We examine the effects of CdS shell growth on photochemical reduction of colloidal CdSe quantum dots (QDs) and describe the spectroscopic properties of the resulting n-type CdSe/CdS QDs. CdS shell growth greatly slows electron trapping. Because of this improvement, complete two-electron occupancy of the 1Se conduction-band orbital is achieved in CdSe/CdS QDs and found to be much more stable than in past experiments. Simultaneous photoluminescence at two different energies is now observed from QDs possessing two excess conduction-band electrons, reflecting competing recombination of discretized 1Se and 1Pe conduction-band electrons within photogenerated four-carrier negative tetrons (three electrons and one hole)...
September 20, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914819/construction-of-hierarchical-cuo-cu%C3%A2-o-nico%C3%A2-s%C3%A2-nanowire-arrays-on-copper-foam-for-high-performance-supercapacitor-electrodes
#18
Luoxiao Zhou, Ying He, Congpu Jia, Vladimir Pavlinek, Petr Saha, Qilin Cheng
Hierarchical copper oxide @ ternary nickel cobalt sulfide (CuO/Cu₂O@NiCo₂S₄) core-shell nanowire arrays on Cu foam have been successfully constructed by a facile two-step strategy. Vertically aligned CuO/Cu₂O nanowire arrays are firstly grown on Cu foam by one-step thermal oxidation of Cu foam, followed by electrodeposition of NiCo₂S₄ nanosheets on the surface of CuO/Cu₂O nanowires to form the CuO/Cu₂O@NiCo₂S₄ core-shell nanostructures. Structural and morphological characterizations indicate that the average thickness of the NiCo₂S₄ nanosheets is ~20 nm and the diameter of CuO/Cu₂O core is ~50 nm...
September 15, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914292/ph-and-redox-dual-sensitive-polysaccharide-nanoparticles-for-the-efficient-delivery-of-doxorubicin
#19
Shengcai Yang, Zhaohui Tang, Dawei Zhang, Mingxiao Deng, Xuesi Chen
A pH and redox dual-sensitive biodegradable polysaccharide, succinic acid-decorated dextran-g-phenylalanine ethyl ester-g-cysteine ethyl ester (Dex-SA-l-Phe-l-Cys), was synthesized to load doxorubicin hydrochloride (DOX·HCl). The DOX-loaded nanoparticles, which were prepared in aqueous solution and free of organic solvent, could spontaneously self-assemble into uniform sizes. When loading DOX·HCl, mercapto Dex-SA-l-Phe-l-Cys was oxidized into a crosslinked disulfide linkage to form pH and redox dual-sensitive nanoparticles (DOX-S-NPs)...
September 15, 2017: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913536/isoreticular-expansion-of-polymofs-achieves-high-surface-area-materials
#20
Giulia E M Schukraft, Sergio Ayala, Benjamin L Dick, Seth M Cohen
The concept of isoreticular chemistry has become a core principle in metal-organic framework (MOF) materials. Isoreticular chemistry has shown that organic ligands of different sizes, but with a common geometry/symmetry can be used to generate MOFs of related topologies, but with expanded pore sizes and volumes. In this report, polymer-MOF hybrid materials (polyMOFs) with a UiO (UiO = University of Oslo) architecture are shown to adhere to the principle of isoreticular expansion, generating polyMOFs with large surface areas and enhanced stability...
September 15, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
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