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Cognitive reappraisal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511783/is-elaboration-of-affective-content-sufficient-to-attenuate-emotional-responses-during-reappraisal-procedures
#1
Miroslaw Wyczesany, Tomasz S Ligeza
Reappraisal is an emotion regulation strategy which involves changing the interpretation of emotional stimuli. It decreases measures of negative affect together with markers of emotional processing, including late positive potential (LPP). Affective responses can also be attenuated by various cognitive tasks. As reappraisal tasks require cognitive effort to elaborate emotional stimuli, it is possible that the observed reduction of the LPP amplitude during reinterpretation is, at least partly, caused by an unspecific cognitive activity...
May 13, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501740/prefrontal-and-amygdala-engagement-during-emotional-reactivity-and-regulation-in-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#2
Jacklynn M Fitzgerald, K Luan Phan, Amy E Kennedy, Stewart A Shankman, Scott A Langenecker, Heide Klumpp
BACKGROUND: Emotion dysregulation is prominent in generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), characterized clinically by exaggerated reactivity to negative stimuli and difficulty in down-regulating this response. Although limited research implicates frontolimbic disturbances in GAD, whether neural aberrations occur during emotional reactivity, regulation, or both is not well understood. METHODS: During functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), 30 individuals with GAD and 30 healthy controls (HC) completed a well-validated explicit emotion regulation task designed to measure emotional reactivity and regulation of reactivity...
May 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493728/internal-and-community-recourses-contribution-to-level-of-posttraumatic-symptoms-the-case-of-tourists-after-the-earthquake-in-nepal-2015
#3
Haya Itzhaky, Shlomit Weiss-Dagan, Orit Taubman-Ben-Ari
OBJECTIVE: The current study focused on tourists who were caught in the middle of Nepal's, 2015 earthquake, and survived. We examined the contribution of internal (coping flexibility and emotional regulation) and community resources (sense of belonging to the community) to tourist's level of post traumatic stress disorder symptoms. METHOD: A cross-sectional sample survey was conducted to collect data from 145 tourists between 2 week to 3 months after the earthquake...
May 11, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462086/predicting-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-response-in-social-anxiety-disorder-with-anterior-cingulate-cortex-and-amygdala-during-emotion-regulation
#4
Heide Klumpp, Jacklynn M Fitzgerald, Kerry L Kinney, Amy E Kennedy, Stewart A Shankman, Scott A Langenecker, K Luan Phan
BACKGROUND: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for social anxiety disorder (SAD) and other internalizing conditions attempts to improve emotion regulation. Accumulating data indicate anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), and to a lesser extent amygdala, activation in various tasks predicts treatment outcome. However, little is known about ACC and amygdala activation to emotion regulation in predicting clinical improvement following CBT in SAD. METHODS: Before treatment, 38 SAD patients completed implicit and explicit emotion regulation paradigms during fMRI...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457978/emotion-regulation-to-idiographic-stimuli-testing-the-autobiographical-emotion-regulation-task
#5
Brittany C Speed, Amanda R Levinson, James J Gross, Dimitris N Kiosses, Greg Hajcak
Mounting evidence suggests that the ability to regulate emotion is crucial for psychological well-being. However, one important limitation of prior emotion regulation studies is that they rely on standardized stimuli low in personal relevance. To address this limitation, the current study employed a novel event-related potential (ERP) paradigm designed to investigate the late positive potential (LPP) as a measure of emotional reactivity and regulation to idiographic stimuli in 49 young adults. The Autobiographical Emotion Regulation Task (AERT) is a word-viewing task in which participants identify neutral and emotionally-charged autobiographical memories and generate keywords unique to each memory...
April 27, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447826/the-role-of-expectations-and-habitual-emotion-regulation-in-emotional-processing-an-erp-investigation
#6
Emily G Brudner, Ekaterina Denkova, Martin Paczynski, Amishi P Jha
Available evidence from separate lines of event-related potential (ERP) research has highlighted the role of expectations and emotion regulation on emotional processing by revealing that (i) expectations can alter emotional responses, and (ii) the instructed use of emotion regulation strategies may modulate emotional responses. Yet, little is known about the interplay between expectations and habitual emotion regulation strategies prior to and at the onset of an emotional event. The present study aimed to investigate this potential relationship...
April 27, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419607/subjective-and-objective-sleep-quality-modulate-emotion-regulatory-brain-function-in-anxiety-and-depression
#7
Heide Klumpp, Julia Roberts, Mary C Kapella, Amy E Kennedy, Anand Kumar, K Luan Phan
BACKGROUND: Disturbances in emotion regulation and sleep are shared across anxiety and mood disorders. Poor sleep has been shown to impair cognitive processes which may undermine cognitive regulatory function. However, it remains unknown if sleep quality impacts regulatory mechanisms in clinical anxiety and depression. METHODS: During fMRI, 78 patients with social anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and/or major depressive disorder completed a validated emotion regulation task, which involved reappraisal (i...
April 18, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406678/genetic-and-environmental-influences-on-emotion-regulation-a-twin-study-of-cognitive-reappraisal-and-expressive-suppression
#8
Kateri McRae, Soo Hyun Rhee, Justine M Gatt, Detre Godinez, Leanne M Williams, James J Gross
Previous studies have established that personality traits related to emotionality are moderately heritable. However, the relative heritability of the strategies people use to regulate emotions is unknown. The present study compared the magnitude of additive genetic, shared environmental, and nonshared environmental influences on 2 commonly used emotion regulation strategies: cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression. In 743 twin pairs (1,486 twins), we replicated previous estimates of heritability of neuroticism (a2 = ...
April 13, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402574/hard-to-look-on-the-bright-side-neural-correlates-of-impaired-emotion-regulation-in-depressed-youth
#9
Katerina Stephanou, Christopher G Davey, Rebecca Kerestes, Sarah Whittle, Ben J Harrison
The cognitive regulation of emotion is impaired in major depressive disorder and has been linked to an imbalance of prefrontal-subcortical brain activity. Despite suggestions that this relationship represents a neurodevelopmental marker of depression, few studies have examined the neural correlates of emotion regulation in depressed youth. We combined a 'cognitive reappraisal' paradigm with functional magnetic resonance imaging to study the neural correlates of emotional regulation in a large sample of non-medicated depressed adolescents and young adults (n = 53), and healthy controls (n = 64)...
April 11, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394171/a-functional-analysis-of-two-transdiagnostic-emotion-focused-interventions-on-nonsuicidal-self-injury
#10
Kate H Bentley, Matthew K Nock, Shannon Sauer-Zavala, Bernard S Gorman, David H Barlow
OBJECTIVE: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is prevalent and associated with clinically significant consequences. Developing time-efficient and cost-effective interventions for NSSI has proven difficult given that the critical components for NSSI treatment remain largely unknown. The aim of this study was to examine the specific effects of mindful emotion awareness training and cognitive reappraisal, 2 transdiagnostic treatment strategies that purportedly address the functional processes thought to maintain self-injurious behavior, on NSSI urges and acts...
June 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372994/neural-activation-during-cognitive-reappraisal-in-girls-at-high-risk-for-depression
#11
F Simsek, K Oguz, O Kitis, S T Akan, M J Kempton, A S Gonul
OBJECTIVE: Although emotion dysregulation, one of the core features of depression, has long been thought to be a vulnerability factor for major depressive disorder (MDD), surprisingly few functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies have investigated neural correlates of emotion regulation strategies in unaffected high risk individuals. METHOD: Sixteen high risk (RSK) young women and fifteen matched low risk controls (CTL) were scanned using fMRI while performing an emotion regulation task...
March 31, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360873/second-language-use-facilitates-implicit-emotion-regulation-via-content-labeling
#12
Carmen Morawetz, Yulia Oganian, Ulrike Schlickeiser, Arthur M Jacobs, Hauke R Heekeren
Previous studies reported that negative stimuli induced less affect in bilinguals when stimuli were presented in bilinguals' second, weaker language (L2) than when they were presented in their native language (L1). This effect of L2 use was attributed to increased emotional distance as well as to increased levels of cognitive control during L2 use. Here we investigated how explicit (cognitive reappraisal, i.e., reinterpreting the meaning of the emotional stimulus to alter its emotional impact) and implicit (content labeling, i...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340365/emotion-regulation-strategies-mediate-the-associations-of-positive-and-negative-affect-to-upper-extremity-physical-function
#13
Mojtaba Talaei-Khoei, Hora Nemati-Rezvani, Stefan F Fischerauer, David Ring, Neal Chen, Ana-Maria Vranceanu
BACKGROUND: The Gross process model of emotion regulation holds that emotion-eliciting situations (e.g. musculoskeletal illness) can be strategically regulated to determine the final emotional and behavioral response. Also, there is some evidence that innate emotional traits may predispose an individual to a particular regulating coping style. METHODS: We enrolled 107 patients with upper extremity musculoskeletal illness in this cross-sectional study. They completed self-report measures of positive and negative affect, emotion regulation strategies (cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression), upper extremity physical function, pain intensity, and demographics...
May 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340114/the-pain-related-cognitive-processes-questionnaire-development-and-validation
#14
Melissa A Day, L Charles Ward, Beverly E Thorn, Cathryne P Lang, Toby R O Newton-John, Dawn M Ehde, Mark P Jensen
Objective.:  Cognitive processes may be characterized as how individuals think, whereas cognitive content constitutes what individuals think. Both cognitive processes and cognitive content are theorized to play important roles in chronic pain adjustment, and treatments have been developed to target both. However, the evaluation of treatments that target cognitive processes is limited because extant measures do not satisfactorily separate cognitive process from cognitive content. The current study aimed to develop a self-report inventory of potentially adaptive and presumed maladaptive attentional processes that may occur when someone is experiencing pain...
March 6, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338955/the-role-of-cognitive-reappraisal-in-placebo-analgesia-an-fmri-study
#15
Marian van der Meulen, Sandra Kamping, Fernand Anton
Placebo analgesia (PA) depends crucially on the prefrontal cortex (PFC), which is assumed to be responsible for initiating the analgesic response. Surprisingly little research has focused on the psychological mechanisms mediated by the PFC and underlying PA. One increasingly accepted theory is that cognitive reappraisal - the reinterpretation of the meaning of adverse events - plays an important role, but no study has yet addressed the possible functional relationship with PA. We studied the influence of individual differences in reappraisal ability on PA and its prefrontal mediation...
March 17, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334441/flexible-parasympathetic-responses-to-sadness-facilitate-spontaneous-affect-regulation
#16
Jonathan P Stange, Jessica L Hamilton, David M Fresco, Lauren B Alloy
The ability of the parasympathetic nervous system to flexibly adapt to changes in environmental context is thought to serve as a physiological indicator of self-regulatory capacity, and deficits in parasympathetic flexibility appear to characterize affective disorders such as depression. However, whether parasympathetic flexibility (vagal withdrawal to emotional or environmental challenges such as sadness, and vagal augmentation during recovery from sadness) could facilitate the effectiveness of adaptive affect regulation strategies is not known...
March 23, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326024/the-role-of-cognitive-control-in-older-adult-cognitive-reappraisal-detached-and-positive-reappraisal
#17
Ying Liang, Meng Huo, Robert Kennison, Renlai Zhou
Older adults are more likely to regulate their emotions by engaging in cognitive reappraisal. However, depending on the type of cognitive reappraisal used, efforts to regulate emotions are sometimes met with success and other times with failure. It has been suggested the well-known age-related decline in cognitive control might be the culprit behind the poor use of detached reappraisal by older adults. However, this possibility has not been thoroughly investigated. In addition, studies have not examined what aspects of cognitive control- shifting, updating or inhibition-might be relevant to cognitive reappraisal...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301202/the-structure-of-common-emotion-regulation-strategies-a-meta-analytic-examination
#18
Kristin Naragon-Gainey, Tierney P McMahon, Thomas P Chacko
Emotion regulation has been examined extensively with regard to important outcomes, including psychological and physical health. However, the literature includes many different emotion regulation strategies but little examination of how they relate to one another, making it difficult to interpret and synthesize findings. The goal of this meta-analysis was to examine the underlying structure of common emotion regulation strategies (i.e., acceptance, behavioral avoidance, distraction, experiential avoidance, expressive suppression, mindfulness, problem solving, reappraisal, rumination, worry), and to evaluate this structure in light of theoretical models of emotion regulation...
April 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292685/high-endogenous-estradiol-is-associated-with-enhanced-cognitive-emotion-regulation-of-physiological-conditioned-fear-responses-in-women
#19
Bronwyn M Graham, Catherine Ash, Miriam L Den
The sex hormone estradiol has a modifying role in the underlying neurobiology of cognitive emotion regulation, although whether estradiol is associated with outcomes of techniques like cognitive restructuring is unknown. In the present study 34 women with regular menstrual cycles participated in a one-day differential fear conditioning procedure. Women then received cognitive restructuring training, involving the reappraisal of their initial thoughts about the conditioning procedure to reduce their emotional responses, before repeating the conditioning procedure...
June 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287803/benefit-finding-and-effect-on-caregiver-depression-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Sheung-Tak Cheng, Emily P M Mak, Helene H Fung, Timothy Kwok, Diana T F Lee, Linda C W Lam
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of using cognitive reappraisal to find positive gains on caregivers' depressive symptoms, burden, and psychological well-being. METHOD: Ninety-six caregivers of persons with Alzheimer's disease were randomly assigned to receive a benefit-finding intervention or 1 of 2 treatment-as-usual conditions, namely, simplified psychoeducation (lectures only; SIM-PE) or standard psychoeducation (STD-PE). Each participant received 4 biweekly interventions of 3 hr each, over a 2-month period, at home...
May 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
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