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Cognitive reappraisal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891668/visual-attention-and-emotional-reactions-to-negative-stimuli-the-role-of-age-and-cognitive-reappraisal
#1
Maria Wirth, Derek M Isaacowitz, Ute Kunzmann
Prominent life span theories of emotion propose that older adults attend less to negative emotional information and report less negative emotional reactions to the same information than younger adults do. Although parallel age differences in affective information processing and age differences in emotional reactivity have been proposed, they have rarely been investigated within the same study. In this eye-tracking study, we tested age differences in visual attention and emotional reactivity, using standardized emotionally negative stimuli...
September 2017: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880723/the-effects-of-emotion-regulation-strategies-on-positive-and-negative-affect-in-early-adolescents
#2
Laura Wante, Marie-Lotte Van Beveren, Lotte Theuwis, Caroline Braet
Recent research suggests that impaired emotion regulation (ER) may play an important role in the development of youth psychopathology. However, little research has explored the effects of ER strategies on affect in early adolescents. In Study 1 (n = 76), we examined if early adolescents are able to use distraction and whether the effects of this strategy are similar to talking to one's mother. In Study 2 (n = 184), we compared the effects of distraction, cognitive reappraisal, acceptance, and rumination...
September 7, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880579/cognitive-emotion-regulation-strategies-in-chinese-adolescents-with-overweight-and-obesity
#3
Yafei Tan, Xiuhong Xin, Xiang Wang, Shuqiao Yao
BACKGROUND: The relationship between psychological factors and obesity has become a hot topic in psychosomatic research. The aim of this study was to examine the characteristics of cognitive emotion regulation (CER) strategies in Chinese adolescents with different weight status. METHODS: Using stratified random cluster sampling, 700 and 321 adolescents were defined as adolescents with overweight status and obese status, respectively. One thousand and twenty-one adolescents with normal-weight status were also selected...
September 7, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869923/infant-maternal-and-familial-predictors-and-correlates-of-regulatory-problems-in-early-infancy-the-differential-role-of-infant-temperament-and-maternal-anxiety-and-depression
#4
Julia Martini, Johanna Petzoldt, Susanne Knappe, Susan Garthus-Niegel, Eva Asselmann, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen
BACKGROUND: Excessive infant crying, feeding and sleeping problems are likely to emerge from the complex interplay of various factors. AIMS: To investigate the role of infant (e.g., temperament), maternal (e.g., anxiety and depressive disorders), and familial (e.g., social support) factors as potential precursors of infant regulatory problems. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective-longitudinal study. SUBJECTS: 286 mother-infant dyads were investigated from early pregnancy until 16 months postpartum via questionnaires and interviews...
September 1, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866781/dispositional-use-of-emotion-regulation-strategies-and-resting-state-cortico-limbic-functional-connectivity
#5
Maria Picó-Pérez, Pino Alonso, Oren Contreras-Rodríguez, Ignacio Martínez-Zalacaín, Clara López-Solà, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Antonio Verdejo-García, José M Menchón, Carles Soriano-Mas
Neuroimaging functional connectivity (FC) analyses have shown that the negative coupling between the amygdala and cortical regions is linked to better emotion regulation in experimental settings. Nevertheless, no studies have examined the association between resting-state cortico-amygdalar FC and the dispositional use of emotion regulation strategies. We aim at assessing the relationship between the resting-state FC patterns of two different amygdala territories, with different functions in the emotion response process, and trait-like measures of cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression...
September 2, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865934/rule-based-generalisation-in-single-cue-and-differential-fear-conditioning-in-humans
#6
Alex H K Wong, Peter F Lovibond
Fear generalisation refers to the spread of conditioned fear to stimuli similar but distinct from the original conditioned stimulus. In this study, participants were presented with repeated pairings of a conditioned stimulus with a shock, in either a single-cue or differential conditioning paradigm. Generalisation of fear was then tested by presenting stimuli that were novel, but similar to the conditioned stimulus along a spatial stimulus dimension. Dependent measures were online shock expectancy ratings and skin conductance level...
September 1, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862078/emotion-regulation-choice-the-role-of-environmental-affordances
#7
Gaurav Suri, Gal Sheppes, Gerald Young, Damon Abraham, Kateri McRae, James J Gross
Which emotion regulation strategy one uses in a given context can have profound affective, cognitive, and social consequences. It is therefore important to understand the determinants of emotion regulation choice. Many prior studies have examined person-specific, internal determinants of emotion regulation choice. Recently, it has become clear that external variables that are properties of the stimulus can also influence emotion regulation choice. In the present research, we consider whether reappraisal affordances, defined as the opportunities for re-interpretation of a stimulus that are inherent in that stimulus, can shape individuals' emotion regulation choices...
September 1, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857597/a-sorrow-halved-a-daily-diary-study-on-talking-about-experienced-workplace-incivility-and-next-morning-negative-affect
#8
Stephanie Tremmel, Sabine Sonnentag
Incivility by coworkers and customers can have detrimental consequences for employees' affective well-being at work. However, little is known about whether incivility also impairs employees' affect at home and how long these negative effects may last. In this diary study, we examine whether incivility by coworkers and customers is related to next-morning negative affect via negative affect at the end of the workday and at bedtime, and investigate different modes of social sharing (i.e., conversations about experienced mistreatment) as day-level moderators of this relationship...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857575/down-regulation-of-love-feelings-after-a-romantic-break-up-self-report-and-electrophysiological-data
#9
Sandra J E Langeslag, Michelle E Sanchez
Because remaining love feelings for an ex-partner are negatively associated with recovery from a romantic break-up, it may be helpful to decrease those love feelings. Love regulation is the use of behavioral or cognitive strategies to change the intensity of current feelings of romantic love. This study evaluated three regulation strategies: (1) negative reappraisal of the ex-partner, (2) reappraisal of love feelings, and (3) distraction. It was tested how these regulation strategies change love feelings for the ex-partner, valence of affect, and motivated attention for the ex-partner...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855881/regulating-anger-under-stress-via-cognitive-reappraisal-and-sadness
#10
Jun Zhan, Xiaofei Wu, Jin Fan, Jianyou Guo, Jianshe Zhou, Jun Ren, Chang Liu, Jing Luo
Previous studies have reported the failure of cognitive emotion regulation (CER), especially in regulating unpleasant emotions under stress. The underlying reason for this failure was the application of CER depends heavily on the executive function of the prefrontal cortex (PFC), but this function can be impaired by stress-related neuroendocrine hormones. This observation highlights the necessity of developing self-regulatory strategies that require less top-down cognitive control. Based on traditional Chinese philosophy and medicine, which examine how different types of emotions promote or counteract one another, we have developed a novel emotion regulation strategy whereby one emotion is used to alter another...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833279/don-t-worry-be-happy-the-role-of-positive-emotionality-and-adaptive-emotion-regulation-strategies-for-youth-depressive-symptoms
#11
Marie-Lotte Van Beveren, Kaitlin Harding, Wim Beyers, Caroline Braet
OBJECTIVES: Low positive emotionality (PE) represents a temperamental vulnerability to depression in youth. Until now, little research has examined the mechanisms linking PE to depressive symptoms. Starting from integrated cognitive-affective models of depression, we aimed to study adaptive emotion regulation (ER) as a key underlying mechanism in the temperament-depression relationship. METHODS: This study investigated whether adaptive ER strategies mediate the association between PE and depressive symptoms in a large community-based sample of youth, using a cross-sectional design...
August 21, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816911/resilience-in-adolescents-with-cancer-association-of-coping-with-positive-and-negative-affect
#12
Lexa K Murphy, Alexandra H Bettis, Meredith A Gruhn, Cynthia A Gerhardt, Kathryn Vannatta, Bruce E Compas
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prospective association between adolescents' coping with cancer-related stress and observed positive and negative affect during a mother-adolescent interaction task involving discussion of cancer-related stressors. METHODS: Adolescents (age 10-15 years) self-reported about their coping and affect approximately 2 months after cancer diagnosis. Approximately 3 months later, adolescents and mothers were video recorded having a discussion about cancer, and adolescents were coded for expression of positive affect (positive mood) and negative affect (sadness and anxiety)...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813326/transdiagnostic-mechanisms-of-change-and-cognitive-behavioral-treatments-for-ptsd
#13
REVIEW
Matthew W Gallagher
This paper reviews the current status of transdiagnostic mechanisms of change targeted in cognitive-behavioral interventions, with a focus on mechanisms that are also relevant to emotional disorders that frequently co-occur with PTSD. First, an overview of the rationale for and key features of identifying mechanisms of change is presented, with a discussion of why it is crucial to examine mechanisms that are relevant across diagnostic boundaries. A review of the current evidence for five promising transdiagnostic mechanisms (hope, neuroticism, emotion regulation, cognitive reappraisal, and anxiety sensitivity) is then provided...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810458/cognitive-and-behavioral-coping-in-people-with-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-an-exploratory-study-searching-for-intervention-targets-for-depressive-symptoms
#14
Vivian Kraaij, Janneke Bik, Nadia Garnefski
The aim of the study was to find relevant coping factors for the development of psychological interventions for people with chronic fatigue syndrome who suffer from depressive symptoms. A total of 30 adults with chronic fatigue syndrome filled in the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire, the COPE and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. The findings suggested that cognitive coping strategies have a stronger influence than behavioral coping strategies on depressive symptoms. Especially, the cognitive coping strategies refocusing positive, positive reappraisal and catastrophizing were of importance...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809854/in-the-grip-of-worry-cerebral-blood-flow-changes-during-worry-induction-and-reappraisal-in-late-life-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#15
H T Karim, D L Tudorascu, M A Butters, S Walker, H J Aizenstein, C Andreescu
Severe worry includes a complex blend of maladaptive affective and cognitive processes. Contrary to other forms of anxiety, there is no consensus in the field regarding the neural basis of worry. To date, no study has looked at neural patterns associated specifically with in-scanner induction and reappraisal of worry. In this study, we attempt to describe distinct components of the 'neural phenomenology' of worry: induction, maintenance, severity and reappraisal, by using a personalized, in-scanner worry script...
August 15, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805401/the-common-sense-model-of-self-regulation-meta-analysis-and-test-of-a-process-model
#16
Martin S Hagger, Severine Koch, Nikos L D Chatzisarantis, Sheina Orbell
According to the common-sense model of self-regulation, individuals form lay representations of illnesses that guide coping procedures to manage illness threat. We meta-analyzed studies adopting the model to (a) examine the intercorrelations among illness representation dimensions, coping strategies, and illness outcomes; (b) test the sufficiency of a process model in which relations between illness representations and outcomes were mediated by coping strategies; and (c) test effects of moderators on model relations...
August 14, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803382/cortical-afferent-inhibition-abnormalities-reveal-cholinergic-dysfunction-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-reappraisal
#17
REVIEW
Raffaele Nardone, Francesco Brigo, Viviana Versace, Yvonne Höller, Frediano Tezzon, Leopold Saltuari, Eugen Trinka, Luca Sebastianelli
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a multisystem neurodegenerative disorder affecting, besides the dopaminergic function, multiple neurotransmission systems, including the cholinergic system. Central cholinergic circuits of human brain can be tested non-invasively by coupling peripheral nerve stimulation with transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) of motor cortex; this test is named short latency afferent inhibition (SAI). SAI abnormalities have been reported in PD patients with gait disturbances and many non-motor symptoms, such as visual hallucinations (VHs), REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD), dysphagia, and olfactory impairment...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792286/the-relationship-between-coping-emotion-regulation-and-quality-of-life-of-patients-on-dialysis
#18
Nadia Barberis, Valeria Cernaro, Sebastiano Costa, Gaetano Montalto, Silvia Lucisano, Rosalba Larcan, Michele Buemi
Previous studies have investigated constructs that facilitate adaptation to chronic disease and improve quality of life and constructs that lead to psychopathological complications. The purpose of this research is to investigate the impact of coping and emotional regulation on the quality of life of patients on dialysis. Three questionnaires were administered to 78 patients on dialysis: Coping Orientations to Problems Experienced, Short Form (36), and Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire. Regressions analyses indicated that age, Rumination, Positive Refocusing, Avoidance Strategies, Approach to the Problem, and Transcendent Orientation predicted Physical Health...
March 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766372/role-of-event-centrality-and-emotion-regulation-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-among-internally-displaced-persons
#19
JohnBosco Chika Chukwuorji, Chuka Mike Ifeagwazi, John E Eze
BACKGROUND: Event centrality and emotion regulation in relation to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been documented in various global samples especially in Western cultures; but internally displaced persons (IDPs) still constitute an underrepresented population in psychotraumatology literature. This study tested the roles of event centrality and emotion regulation strategies (cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression) in PTSD symptoms among IDPs in Nigeria. DESIGN: The multi-group cross-sectional design was adopted...
August 2, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740242/a-distinction-between-two-instruments-measuring-dispositional-mindfulness-and-the-correlations-between-those-measurements-and-the-neuroanatomical-structure
#20
Kaixiang Zhuang, Minghua Bi, Yu Li, Yunman Xia, Xuehua Guo, Qunlin Chen, Xue Du, Kangcheng Wang, Dongtao Wei, Huazhan Yin, Jiang Qiu
The most widely used measurements of mindfulness are the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) and the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ). However, controversies exist regarding the application of these scales. Additionally, the neural mechanisms of dispositional mindfulness havebecome a topic of interest. In the current study, we used surface-based methodology to identify the brain regions underlying individual differences in dispositional mindfulness in a large non-clinical sampleand compared the two instruments for measuring the dispositional mindfulness...
July 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
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