keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cognitive reappraisal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194549/reconsidering-emotion-dysregulation
#1
REVIEW
Alessandra D'Agostino, Serena Covanti, Mario Rossi Monti, Vladan Starcevic
This article aims to review the concept of emotion dysregulation, focusing on issues related to its definition, meanings and role in psychiatric disorders. Articles on emotion dysregulation published until May 2016 were identified through electronic database searches. Although there is no agreement about the definition of emotion dysregulation, the following five overlapping, not mutually exclusive dimensions of emotion dysregulation were identified: decreased emotional awareness, inadequate emotional reactivity, intense experience and expression of emotions, emotional rigidity and cognitive reappraisal difficulty...
February 14, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192177/neural-mechanisms-of-implicit-cognitive-reappraisal-preceding-descriptions-alter-emotional-response-to-unpleasant-images
#2
Hai-Yang Wang, Guo-Qing Xu, Ming-Fei Ni, Cui-Hong Zhang, Xiao-Pei Sun, Yi Chang, Bing-Wei Zhang
The importance of reappraising negative events to reduce negative emotional responses has been widely acknowledged. However, most neuroimaging studies have explored the neural mechanisms of deliberate and intentional reappraisal, while little is known about the neural correlates of reappraisal that occurs outside of one's awareness. Electrophysiological studies suggest that precedent neutral descriptions could implicitly reduce neural responses to unpleasant images. To investigate the neural mechanism underlying implicit reappraisal, functional magnetic resonance imaging was conducted on 25 participants while they passively viewed unpleasant images that were previously neutrally/positively or negatively described...
February 9, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191365/thinking-and-feeling-individual-differences-in-habitual-emotion-regulation-and-stress-related-mood-are-associated-with-prefrontal-executive-control
#3
Matthew A Scult, Annchen R Knodt, Johnna R Swartz, Bartholomew D Brigidi, Ahmad R Hariri
Calculating math problems from memory may seem unrelated to everyday processing of emotions, but they have more in common than one might think. Prior research highlights the importance of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) in executive control, intentional emotion regulation, and experience of dysfunctional mood and anxiety. While it has been hypothesized that emotion regulation may be related to 'cold' (ie. not emotion-related) executive control, this assertion has not been tested. We address this gap by providing evidence that greater dlPFC activity during 'cold' executive control is associated with increased use of cognitive reappraisal to regulate emotions in everyday life...
2017: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181042/should-we-change-targets-and-methods-of-early-intervention-in-autism-in-favor-of-a-strengths-based-education
#4
Laurent Mottron
Early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) and its recent variant, naturalist developmental behavioral intervention (NDBI) aim to increase socialization and communication, and to decrease repetitive and challenging behaviors in preschool age autistic children. These behaviorist techniques are based on the precocity and intensity of the intervention, face-to-face interaction, errorless learning, and information fragmentation. Once considered to be "scientifically proven", the efficacy of these approaches has been called into question in the last decade due to poor-quality data, small effects, low cost-efficiency, and the evolution of ethical and societal standards...
February 8, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174121/an-electrophysiological-investigation-of-emotional-abnormalities-in-groups-at-risk-for-schizophrenia-spectrum-personality-disorders
#5
Elizabeth A Martin, Nicole R Karcher, Bruce D Bartholow, Greg J Siegle, John G Kerns
Both extreme levels of social anhedonia (SocAnh) and perceptual aberration/magical ideation (PerMag) are associated with risk for schizophrenia-spectrum disorders and with emotional abnormalities. Yet, the nature of any psychophysiological-measured affective abnormality, including the role of automatic/controlled processes, is unclear. We examined the late positive potential (LPP) during passive viewing (to assess automatic processing) and during cognitive reappraisal (to assess controlled processing) in three groups: SocAnh, PerMag, and controls...
February 5, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157552/the-conditional-process-model-of-mindfulness-and-emotion-regulation-an-empirical-test
#6
Joshua Curtiss, David H Klemanski, Leigh Andrews, Masaya Ito, Stefan G Hofmann
BACKGROUND: The conditional process model (CPM) of mindfulness and emotion regulation posits that specific mediators and moderators link these constructs to mental health outcomes. The current study empirically examined the central tenets of the CPM, which posit that nonreactivity moderates the indirect effect of observation on symptoms of emotional disorders through cognitive emotion regulation strategies. METHODS: A clinical sample (n=1667) of individuals from Japan completed a battery of self-report instruments...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154105/vascular-cognitive-impairment
#7
Martin Dichgans, Didier Leys
Cerebrovascular disease typically manifests with stroke, cognitive impairment, or both. Vascular cognitive impairment refers to all forms of cognitive disorder associated with cerebrovascular disease, regardless of the specific mechanisms involved. It encompasses the full range of cognitive deficits from mild cognitive impairment to dementia. In principle, any of the multiple causes of clinical stroke can cause vascular cognitive impairment. Recent work further highlights a role of microinfarcts, microhemorrhages, strategic white matter tracts, loss of microstructural tissue integrity, and secondary neurodegeneration...
February 3, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149287/on-the-maintenance-of-expectations-in-major-depression-investigating-a-neglected-phenomenon
#8
Tobias Kube, Winfried Rief, Julia A Glombiewski
In this perspective paper, we suggest that among patients suffering from major depressive disorder (MDD), dysfunctional expectations are maintained despite experiences that are contrary to these expectations. Surprisingly, this persistence of expectations in MDD has not yet been addressed by empirical studies. We argue that it is worthwhile to investigate this phenomenon with the aim of improving the treatment of MDD, and we provide a theoretical framework for understanding it. It is hypothesized that the persistence of expectations is primarily due to a process called immunization...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129574/effects-of-mindfulness-reappraisal-and-suppression-on-sad-mood-and-cognitive-resources
#9
Shian-Ling Keng, Elysia Li Yan Tan, Tory A Eisenlohr-Moul, Moria J Smoski
The present study investigated the relative effects of mindfulness, reappraisal and suppression in reducing sadness, and the extent to which implementation of these strategies affects cognitive resources in a laboratory context. A total of 171 Singaporean undergraduate participants were randomly assigned to receive brief training in mindfulness, reappraisal, or suppression prior to undergoing a sad mood induction. Individual adherence to Asian cultural values was assessed as a potential moderator of strategy effectiveness...
January 18, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126372/emotion-regulation-related-neural-predictors-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-response-in-social-anxiety-disorder
#10
Heide Klumpp, Julia Roberts, Amy E Kennedy, Stewart A Shankman, Scott A Langenecker, James J Gross, Luan K Phan
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is characterized by aberrant prefrontal activity during reappraisal, an adaptive cognitive approach aimed at downregulating the automatic response evoked by a negative event. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is first-line psychotherapy for SAD, however, many remain symptomatic after treatment indicating baseline individual differences in neurofunctional activity may factor into CBT outcome. An emotion regulation strategy practiced in CBT is cognitive restructuring, a proxy for reappraisal...
January 24, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116582/the-temporal-dynamics-of-detached-versus-positive-reappraisal-an-erp-study
#11
Senqing Qi, Yangping Li, Xuemei Tang, Qinghong Zeng, Liuting Diao, Xiying Li, Hong Li, Weiping Hu
Detached reappraisal and positive reappraisal are regarded as two distinct types of cognitive reappraisal strategy, and the former is considered more disengaging than the latter. The conceptual framework of emotion regulation choice posits that strategies involving disengagement operate earlier and more efficiently than engagement strategies. Here, we compare for the first time the temporal dynamics of detached and positive reappraisal during the regulation and re-exposure phases thereof by measuring event-related potentials...
January 23, 2017: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105539/anxiety-depression-and-emotion-regulation-among-regular-online-poker-players
#12
Servane Barrault, Céline Bonnaire, Florian Herrmann
Poker is a type of gambling that has specific features, including the need to regulate one's emotion to be successful. The aim of the present study is to assess emotion regulation, anxiety and depression in a sample of regular poker players, and to compare the results of problem and non-problem gamblers. 416 regular online poker players completed online questionnaires including sociodemographic data, measures of problem gambling (CPGI), anxiety and depression (HAD scale), and emotion regulation (ERQ). The CPGI was used to divide participants into four groups according to the intensity of their gambling practice (non-problem, low risk, moderate risk and problem gamblers)...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105532/machiavellian-emotion-regulation-in-a-cognitive-reappraisal-task-an-fmri-study
#13
Anita Deak, Barbara Bodrogi, Brigitte Biro, Gabor Perlaki, Gergely Orsi, Tamas Bereczkei
Affective coldness is one of the main features of Machiavellianism. Recent studies have revealed that Machiavellians are emotionally detached and that this "affective blunting" is associated with intense feelings, emotional instability, negative emotions, and difficulty in enduring distress. We used brain-imaging techniques to investigate emotion regulation in Machiavellianism at a neuropsychological level. We used situations in which participants were required to demonstrate emotional flexibility to explore the controversy surrounding the fact that Machiavellianism is associated with both cold-mindedness and emotional instability...
January 19, 2017: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095313/prefrontal-mediation-of-emotion-regulation-in-social-anxiety-disorder-during-laughter-perception
#14
Benjamin Kreifelts, Carolin Brück, Thomas Ethofer, Jan Ritter, Lena Weigel, Michael Erb, Dirk Wildgruber
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is characterized by negatively biased perception of social cues and deficits in emotion regulation. While negatively biased perception is thought to maintain social anxiety, emotion regulation represents an ability necessary to overcome both biased perception and social anxiety. Here, we used laughter as a social threat in a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study to identify cerebral mediators linking SAD with attention and interpretation biases and their modification through cognitive emotion regulation in the form of reappraisal...
February 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093035/cognitive-emotion-regulation-in-adulthood-and-old-age-positive-gaze-preferences-across-two-strategies
#15
Eric S Allard, Elizabeth A Kensinger
While positive emotional functioning may be enhanced across adulthood and old age, research is mixed as to the types of regulatory strategies that are more or less beneficial for facilitating well-being. The goal of the present study was to examine how specific cognitive emotion regulation strategies assumed to rely on varying levels of effortful processing (selective attention vs. reappraisal) would impact regulatory behaviors (via eye gaze deployment) and resultant affective outcomes. Participants viewed a series of positive, negative, and neutral film clips while their eyes were tracked across three conditions: passive viewing, selective attention, and reappraisal...
January 16, 2017: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072452/what-our-eyes-tell-us-about-feelings-tracking-pupillary-responses-during-emotion-regulation-processes
#16
Valerie L Kinner, Lars Kuchinke, Angelika M Dierolf, Christian J Merz, Tobias Otto, Oliver T Wolf
Emotion regulation is essential for adaptive behavior and mental health. Strategies applied to alter emotions are known to differ in their impact on psychological and physiological aspects of the emotional response. However, emotion regulation outcome has primarily been assessed via self-report, and studies comparing regulation strategies with regard to their peripheral physiological mechanisms are limited in number. In the present study, we therefore aimed to investigate the effects of different emotion regulation strategies on pupil dilation, skin conductance responses, and subjective emotional responses...
January 10, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069095/deficits-in-social-cognition-an-unveiled-signature-of-multiple-sclerosis
#17
Moussa A Chalah, Samar S Ayache
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic progressive inflammatory disease of the central nervous system, representing the primary cause of non-traumatic disability in young adults. Cognitive dysfunction can affect patients at any time during the disease process and might alter the six core functional domains. Social cognition is a multi-component construct that includes the theory of mind, empathy and social perception of emotions from facial, bodily and vocal cues...
January 10, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060454/trait-and-neurobiological-underpinnings-of-negative-emotion-regulation-in-gambling-disorder
#18
Juan F Navas, Oren Contreras-Rodríguez, Juan Verdejo-Román, Ana Perandrés-Gómez, Natalia Albein-Urios, Antonio Verdejo-García, José C Perales
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Gambling disorder is characterized by poor regulation of negative emotions and impulsive behaviors. This study aimed to (1) compare gambling disorder patients (GDPs) and healthy controls (HCs) in self-report and brain activation measures of emotion regulation; and (2) establish its relationship with negative emotion-driven impulsivity. DESIGN: Two cross-sectional case-control studies including GDPs and HCs. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: GDPs and HCs were recruited from specialized gambling clinics in Andalusia (Spain), where they were following outpatient treatment, and from the community, respectively...
January 6, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045309/cultural-differences-and-similarities-in-beliefs-practices-and-neural-mechanisms-of-emotion-regulation
#19
Yang Qu, Eva H Telzer
OBJECTIVE: The current research examined whether culture shapes the beliefs, practices, and neural basis of emotion regulation. METHOD: Twenty-nine American and Chinese participants reported their implicit theory of emotion and frequency of reappraisal use. They also underwent an fMRI scan while completing an emotion regulation task. RESULTS: Chinese (vs. American) participants reported more frequent use of reappraisal, which was mediated by their higher incremental theory of emotion (i...
January 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041962/high-working-memory-load-impairs-the-effect-of-cognitive-reappraisal-on-emotional-response-evidence-from-an-event-related-potential-study
#20
Shuzhen Gan, Jianfeng Yang, Xuhai Chen, Xiuping Zhang, Yufang Yang
This study investigates how the working memory (WM) load influenced the efficacy of cognitive reappraisal, a frequently used strategy for emotion regulation. In a dual-task paradigm, the participants were required to perform a high-load or a low-load memory task and simultaneously reappraise aversive pictures with a negative or a neutral meaning. In the low-load condition, we found that the amplitude of emotion-enhanced late positive potential (LPP) was significantly decreased by neutral reappraisal compared to negative reappraisal...
February 3, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
keyword
keyword
25614
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"