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Cognitive reappraisal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717201/cognitive-brain-responses-during-circadian-wake-promotion-evidence-for-sleep-pressure-dependent-hypothalamic-activations
#1
Carolin F Reichert, Micheline Maire, Virginie Gabel, Antoine U Viola, Thomas Götz, Klaus Scheffler, Markus Klarhöfer, Christian Berthomier, Werner Strobel, Christophe Phillips, Eric Salmon, Christian Cajochen, Christina Schmidt
The two-process model of sleep-wake regulation posits that sleep-wake-dependent homeostatic processes interact with the circadian timing system to affect human behavior. The circadian timing system is fundamental to maintaining stable cognitive performance, as it counteracts growing homeostatic sleep pressure during daytime. Using magnetic resonance imaging, we explored brain responses underlying working memory performance during the time of maximal circadian wake-promotion under varying sleep pressure conditions...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715907/selective-effects-of-psychotherapy-on-frontopolar-cortical-function-in-ptsd
#2
Gregory A Fonzo, Madeleine S Goodkind, Desmond J Oathes, Yevgeniya V Zaiko, Meredith Harvey, Kathy K Peng, M Elizabeth Weiss, Allison L Thompson, Sanno E Zack, Colleen E Mills-Finnerty, Benjamin M Rosenberg, Raleigh Edelstein, Rachael N Wright, Carena A Kole, Steven E Lindley, Bruce A Arnow, Booil Jo, James J Gross, Barbara O Rothbaum, Amit Etkin
OBJECTIVE: Exposure therapy is an effective treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but a comprehensive, emotion-focused perspective on how psychotherapy affects brain function is lacking. The authors assessed changes in brain function after prolonged exposure therapy across three emotional reactivity and regulation paradigms. METHOD: Individuals with PTSD underwent functional MRI (fMRI) at rest and while completing three tasks assessing emotional reactivity and regulation...
July 18, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705679/the-effects-of-cognitive-reappraisal-on-conditioned-disgust-in-contamination-based-ocd-an-analogue-study
#3
Bunmi O Olatunji, Hannah Berg, Rebecca C Cox, Amber Billingsley
Experimental research has shown that conditioned disgust is resistant to extinction, which may account for the slower habituation to disgust relative to fear in contamination-based obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). However, few studies have examined the efficacy of interventions that may attenuate conditioned disgust responses. Studies of cognitive reappraisal have demonstrated that reinterpreting a stimulus can alter emotional responding. This technique is based on cognitive theories which suggest that anxiety disorders arise from biased cognitions; therefore, changing a person's thoughts will elicit durable changes in emotional responses...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700037/perfectionism-and-negative-positive-affect-associations-the-role-of-cognitive-emotion-regulation-and-perceived-distress-coping
#4
Juliana Castro, Maria João Soares, Ana T Pereira, António Macedo
Objective: To explore 1) if perfectionism, perceived distress/coping, and cognitive emotion regulation (CER) are associated with and predictive of negative/positive affect (NA/PA); and 2) if CER and perceived distress/coping are associated with perfectionism and if they mediate the perfectionism-NA/PA associations. There is a distinction between maladaptive and adaptive perfectionism in its association with NA/PA. CER and perceived distress/coping may mediate the maladaptive/adaptive perfectionism and NA/PA associations...
April 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691849/electrophysiological-evidence-for-detrimental-impact-of-a-reappraisal-emotion-regulation-strategy-on-subsequent-cognitive-control-in-schizophrenia
#5
Sara K Sullivan, Gregory P Strauss
In healthy individuals, there is evidence that effective implementation of an emotion regulation strategy has beneficial effects on temporally proximal cognitive control task performance. This effect occurs because both of these processes rely heavily on the prefrontal cortex. Individuals with schizophrenia (SZ) have impairments in both emotion regulation and cognitive control that are driven by structural and functional abnormalities of the prefrontal cortex; however, it is unknown whether emotion regulation attempts fail to benefit subsequently performed cognitive control tasks in people with SZ...
July 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671027/coping-cognitive-emotion-regulation-and-burnout-in-long-term-care-nursing-staff-a-preliminary-study
#6
Patricia Bamonti, Elizabeth Conti, Casey Cavanagh, Lindsay Gerolimatos, Jeffrey Gregg, Carol Goulet, Marisa Pifer, Barry Edelstein
Direct care workers (e.g., certified nursing assistants [CNAs]) employed in long-term care (LTC) are particularly vulnerable to the experience of burnout, yet they have received relatively less research attention compared to Licensed Practical Nurses and Registered Nurses. Within the burnout literature, evidence suggests that the deployment of certain coping strategies influences levels of burnout. The current study examined the extent to which coping (e.g., problem-focused, emotion-focused, and dysfunctional coping) and cognitive emotion regulation strategies (e...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662586/social-anxiety-and-emotion-regulation-flexibility-considering-emotion-intensity-and-type-as-contextual-factors
#7
Mia S O'Toole, Robert Zachariae, Douglas S Mennin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Individuals with social anxiety disorder have often been considered inflexible in their emotion regulation. The aim of this study was to investigate emotion regulation flexibility in socially anxious individuals in response to two contextual factors, namely different levels of emotion intensity and emotion type. METHODS: A daily diary approach was employed, investigating emotion regulation (i.e., experiential avoidance, expressive suppression and cognitive reappraisal) in college students scoring high (N = 62; HSA) and low (N = 52; LSA) on social anxiety...
June 30, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654771/trajectories-of-social-anxiety-cognitive-reappraisal-and-mindfulness-during-an-rct-of-cbgt-versus-mbsr-for-social-anxiety-disorder
#8
Philippe R Goldin, Amanda S Morrison, Hooria Jazaieri, Richard G Heimberg, James J Gross
Cognitive-Behavioral Group Therapy (CBGT) and Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) are efficacious in treating social anxiety disorder (SAD). It is not yet clear, however, whether they share similar trajectories of change and underlying mechanisms in the context of SAD. This randomized controlled study of 108 unmedicated adults with generalized SAD investigated the impact of CBGT vs. MBSR on trajectories of social anxiety, cognitive reappraisal, and mindfulness during 12 weeks of treatment. CBGT and MBSR produced similar trajectories showing decreases in social anxiety and increases in reappraisal (changing the way of thinking) and mindfulness (mindful attitude)...
June 3, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651120/the-relationship-between-emotion-regulation-strategies-and-job-search-behavior-among-fourth-year-university-students
#9
Ling Wang, Huihui Xu, Xue Zhang, Ping Fang
The job search process is a stressful experience. This study investigated the effect of emotion regulation strategies on job search behavior in combination with anxiety and job search self-efficacy among Chinese university fourth-year students (N = 816, mean age = 21.98, 31.5% male, 34.9% majored in science, 18.0% from "211 Project" universities). Results showed that cognitive reappraisal was positively related to job search behavior, while expressive suppression was negatively related to job search behavior...
August 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637817/the-neural-mechanisms-able-to-predict-future-emotion-regulation-decisions
#10
Robert Colin Alan Bendall
Emotion regulation is crucial in maintaining healthy psychological wellbeing, and its dysregulation is often linked to a range of neuropsychiatric disorders including depression. The neurobiological underpinnings of cognitive reappraisal, an emotion regulation strategy, have been shown to include the amygdala and regions of the prefrontal cortex. A novel study by Dore, Weber, and Ochsner (2017) has demonstrated that neural activity in these regions during uninstructed visualization of affective stimuli can successfully predict which individuals are more likely to subsequently employ emotion regulation, and under what circumstances...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627300/reduced-effective-emotion-regulation-in-night-owls
#11
Alexandra L Watts, Ray Norbury
Previous research has demonstrated a clear link between late chronotype and depression. The vulnerability factors underpinning this link, however, are unclear. Here the relationship between two specific emotion regulation strategies, cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression, and chronotype was investigated using multiple regression. Two hundred and forty participants (age range 18-80, 189 females) completed validated self-report questionnaires assaying chronotype, neuroticism, depressive symptomatology, sleep quality, and emotion regulation...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626906/behavioural-implications-of-traditional-treatment-and-closed-loop-automated-insulin-delivery-systems-in-type-1-diabetes-applying-a-cognitive-restraint-theory-framework
#12
REVIEW
A R Kahkoska, E J Mayer-Davis, K K Hood, D M Maahs, K S Burger
As the prevalence of obesity in Type 1 diabetes rises, the effects of emerging therapy options should be considered in the context of both weight and glycaemic control outcomes. Artificial pancreas device systems will 'close the loop' between blood glucose monitoring and automated insulin delivery and may transform day-to-day dietary management for people with Type 1 diabetes in multiple ways. In the present review, we draw directly from cognitive restraint theory to consider unintended impacts that closed-loop systems may have on ingestive behaviour and food intake...
June 19, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616996/coping-emotion-regulation-and-psychopathology-in-childhood-and-adolescence-a-meta-analysis-and-narrative-review
#13
Bruce E Compas, Sarah S Jaser, Alexandra H Bettis, Kelly H Watson, Meredith A Gruhn, Jennifer P Dunbar, Ellen Williams, Jennifer C Thigpen
In this meta-analytic and narrative review, we examine several overarching issues related to the study of coping, emotion regulation, and internalizing and externalizing symptoms of psychopathology in childhood and adolescence, including the conceptualization and measurement of these constructs. We report a quantitative meta-analysis of 212 studies (N = 80,850 participants) that measured the associations between coping and emotion regulation with symptoms of internalizing and externalizing psychopathology. Within the meta-analysis we address the association of broad domains of coping and emotion regulation (e...
June 15, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598734/does-psychosocial-stress-impact-cognitive-reappraisal-behavioral-and-neural-evidence
#14
Maheen Shermohammed, Pranjal H Mehta, Joan Zhang, Cassandra M Brandes, Luke J Chang, Leah H Somerville
Cognitive reappraisal (CR) is regarded as an effective emotion regulation strategy. Acute stress, however, is believed to impair the functioning of prefrontal-based neural systems, which could result in lessened effectiveness of CR under stress. This study tested the behavioral and neurobiological impact of acute stress on CR. While undergoing fMRI, adult participants ( n = 54) passively viewed or used CR to regulate their response to negative and neutral pictures and provided ratings of their negative affect in response to each picture...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579400/emotion-regulation-in-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-a-meta-analysis-of-fmri-cognitive-reappraisal-studies
#15
REVIEW
Maria Picó-Pérez, Joaquim Radua, Trevor Steward, José M Menchón, Carles Soriano-Mas
Emotion regulation by means of cognitive reappraisal has been widely studied with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). To date, several meta-analyses of studies using cognitive reappraisal tasks in healthy volunteers have been carried out, but no meta-analyses have yet been performed on the fMRI data of clinical populations with identified alterations in emotion regulation capacity. We provide a comprehensive meta-analysis of cognitive reappraisal fMRI studies in populations of patients with mood or anxiety disorders, yielding a pooled sample of 247 patients and 262 controls from thirteen independent studies...
June 1, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579154/the-effect-of-arousal-on-regulation-of-negative-emotions-using-cognitive-reappraisal-an-erp-study
#16
Sandra J E Langeslag, Kruti Surti
Because the effectiveness of the emotion regulation strategy cognitive reappraisal may vary with emotion intensity, we investigated how stimulus arousal affects reappraisal success. Participants up- and down-regulated emotional responses using cognitive reappraisal to low and high arousing unpleasant pictures while the electroencephalogram (EEG) was recorded. Up-regulation resulted in more negative self-reported valence, while down-regulation resulted in less negative self-reported valence regardless of stimulus arousal, suggesting that subjective reappraisal success does not vary with emotional intensity...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560818/emotion-regulation-deficits-in-regular-marijuana-users
#17
Kaeli Zimmermann, Christina Walz, Raissa T Derckx, Keith M Kendrick, Bernd Weber, Bruce Dore, Kevin N Ochsner, René Hurlemann, Benjamin Becker
Effective regulation of negative affective states has been associated with mental health. Impaired regulation of negative affect represents a risk factor for dysfunctional coping mechanisms such as drug use and thus could contribute to the initiation and development of problematic substance use. This study investigated behavioral and neural indices of emotion regulation in regular marijuana users (n = 23) and demographically matched nonusing controls (n = 20) by means of an fMRI cognitive emotion regulation (reappraisal) paradigm...
May 31, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548479/insular-gliomas-a-surgical-reappraisal-based-on-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#18
Domenico Murrone, Rodolfo Maduri, Afif Afif, Domenico Chirchiglia, Isabelle Pelissou-Guyotat, Jacques Guyotat, Francesco Signorelli
INTRODUCTION: Insular gliomas are heterogeneous lesions whose management presents multiple challenges for their tendency to affect young patients in good neurological and cognitive conditions, their deep anatomic location and proximity with critical functional and vascular structures. The appropriate management of insular gliomas requires a multidisciplinary evidence-centred teamwork grounded on the best anatomic, neurophysiological and oncological knowledge. The present study provides a reappraisal of the management of insular gliomas based on a systematic review of the literature with the aim of guiding clinicians in the management of such tumors...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511783/is-elaboration-of-affective-content-sufficient-to-attenuate-emotional-responses-during-reappraisal-procedures
#19
Miroslaw Wyczesany, Tomasz S Ligeza
Reappraisal is an emotion regulation strategy which involves changing the interpretation of emotional stimuli. It decreases measures of negative affect together with markers of emotional processing, including late positive potential (LPP). Affective responses can also be attenuated by various cognitive tasks. As reappraisal tasks require cognitive effort to elaborate emotional stimuli, it is possible that the observed reduction of the LPP amplitude during reinterpretation is, at least partly, caused by an unspecific cognitive activity...
May 13, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501740/prefrontal-and-amygdala-engagement-during-emotional-reactivity-and-regulation-in-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#20
Jacklynn M Fitzgerald, K Luan Phan, Amy E Kennedy, Stewart A Shankman, Scott A Langenecker, Heide Klumpp
BACKGROUND: Emotion dysregulation is prominent in generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), characterized clinically by exaggerated reactivity to negative stimuli and difficulty in down-regulating this response. Although limited research implicates frontolimbic disturbances in GAD, whether neural aberrations occur during emotional reactivity, regulation, or both is not well understood. METHODS: During functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), 30 individuals with GAD and 30 healthy controls (HC) completed a well-validated explicit emotion regulation task designed to measure emotional reactivity and regulation of reactivity...
May 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
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