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Cognitive reappraisal

Christine C Loft, Fergal W Jones, Ian I Kneebone
BACKGROUND: A cognitive behavioral model predicts that coping responses mediate the relationship between falls related psychological concerns and falls incidence, in community-dwelling older people. If empirical support could be found for this pathway then interventions could be developed to reduce falls risk by targeting coping strategies. Therefore, this study aimed to begin the process of testing whether coping responses mediate the association between falls self-efficacy (a principal element of falls related psychological concerns) and falls incidence, in community-dwelling older people...
November 8, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
Mehdi Aoun Sebaiti, Paul Kauv, Anaïs Charles-Nelson, Axel Van Der Gucht, Paul Blanc-Durand, Emmanuel Itti, Romain K Gherardi, Anne-Catherine Bachoud-Levi, François Jérôme Authier
Patients with macrophagic myofasciitis (MMF) present with diffuse arthromyalgias, chronic fatigue, and cognitive disorder. Representative features of MMF-associated cognitive dysfunction include attentional dysfunction, dysexecutive syndrome, visual memory deficit and left ear extinction. Our study aims to reevaluate the neuropsychological profile of MMF. 105 unselected consecutive MMF patients were subjected to a neuropsychological battery of screen short term and long-term memory, executive functions, attentional abilities, instrumental functions and dichotic listening...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Zhongquan Li, Xiaoyuan Wu, Lisong Zhang, Ziyuan Zhang
Emotion plays an important role in moral judgment, and people always use emotion regulation strategies to modulate emotion, consciously or unconsciously. Previous studies had investigated only the relationship between emotion regulation strategies and moral judgment in the Harm domain, and revealed divergent results. Based on Moral Foundations Theory, the present study extended the investigation into moral judgment in all five moral domains and used a set of standardized moral vignettes. Two hundred and six college students filled in the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire and completed emotional ratings and moral judgment on moral vignettes from Moral Foundations Vignettes...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
Nélio Brazão, Daniel Rijo, Maria do Céu Salvador, José Pinto-Gouveia
This article describes a secondary data analysis collected from inmates who participated in an independent randomized controlled trial, testing the efficacy of the Growing Pro-Social (GPS) Program. The current study aimed to test the program's ability to increase, on one hand, cognitive reappraisal (adaptive emotion regulation strategy) and, on the other hand, decrease expressive suppression (maladaptive emotion regulation strategy) over time. It was also assessed if the GPS was capable of reducing disciplinary infractions committed by inmates over time...
October 26, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
Madelynn R D Stackhouse, Rachel W Jones Ross, Susan D Boon
This research presents a multidimensional conceptualization of unforgiveness and the development and validation of the unforgiveness measure (UFM). The scale was developed based on a qualitative study of people's experiences of unforgiven interpersonal offences (Study 1). Three dimensions of unforgiveness emerged (Study 2): emotional-ruminative unforgiveness, cognitive-evaluative unforgiveness, and offender reconstrual. We supported the scale's factor structure, reliability, and validity (Study 3). We also established the convergent and discriminant validity of the UFM with measures of negative affect, rumination, forgiveness, cognitive reappraisal, and emotional suppression (Study 4)...
October 25, 2017: British Journal of Social Psychology
Heide Klumpp, Runa Bhaumik, Kerry L Kinney, Jacklynn M Fitzgerald
Reappraisal, a cognitive approach intended to alter an emotional response, is generally associated with prefrontal cortical recruitment and decreased limbic activity. However, the extent to which neurofunctional activity predicts successful reappraisal is unclear. During fMRI, 60 healthy participants completed a reappraisal paradigm, which included reappraising negative images to reduce emotional reactivity ('ReappNeg') and viewing negative images and experiencing the negative affect they evoke ('LookNeg')...
October 20, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
Corinna M Perchtold, Ilona Papousek, Karl Koschutnig, Christian Rominger, Hannelore Weber, Elisabeth M Weiss, Andreas Fink
The investigation of neurocognitive processes underlying more real-life creative behavior is among the greatest challenges in creativity research. In this fMRI study, we addressed this issue by investigating functional patterns of brain activity while participants were required to be creative in an affective context. Affective creativity was assessed in terms of individual's inventiveness in generating alternative appraisals for anger-evoking events, which has recently emerged as a new ability concept in cognitive reappraisal research...
October 23, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
Maja Erkic, Josef Bailer, Sabrina C Fenske, Stephanie N L Schmidt, Jörg Trojan, Annette Schröder, Peter Kirsch, Daniela Mier
There is accumulating evidence for deficits in the perception and regulation of one's own emotions, as well as the recognition of others' emotions in somatic symptom disorder (SSD). However, investigations of SSD focusing on specific aspects of emotion processing and how these might interact are missing. We included 35 patients with SSD and 35 healthy controls who completed questionnaires on the perception and regulation of their own emotions, as well as experimental investigations of emotion recognition and trust...
October 18, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
J Fernandes, F Ferreira-Santos, K Miller, S Torres
The role of emotional functioning in the development and maintenance of obesity has been investigated, but the literature is poorly integrated. A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to explore emotional processing impairments in obesity. PubMed, Web of Knowledge and PsycINFO databases were searched in March 2016, yielding 31 studies comparing emotional processing competencies in individuals with obesity, with or without binge eating disorder (BED), and control groups. Meta-analyses demonstrated that individuals with obesity had higher scores of alexithymia (d = 0...
October 10, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Kennedy Amone-P'Olak, Vavani Boitumelo, Diana Shamisai Mberengwa
BACKGROUND: Cognitive emotion regulation strategies (CERS) have been shown to moderate the influence of War Experiences (WE) on mental health problems. AIMS: This study assessed the influence of WE and use of specific CERS on mental health problems among war-affected youth in Northern Uganda. METHODS: Five hundred and thirty-nine participants in an ongoing war-affected youth study (WAYS) were assessed by locally developed measures. CERS were measured by Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ)...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Ji-Wei Sun, Ping-Zhen Lin, Hui-Hui Zhang, Jia-Huan Li, Feng-Lin Cao
BACKGROUND: Stressful situations can increase the likelihood of nurses experiencing negative emotions, especially burnout. AIMS: To explore the association of cumulative exposure to occupational stressors and emotion regulation strategies with nurses' burnout. METHODS: Participants were 602 nurses from three general hospitals in Jinan, China. Social demographic characteristics, occupational stress, burnout, and emotion regulation strategies (cognitive reappraisal, expressive suppression, and rumination), were assessed...
October 8, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Jose A Piqueras, Mariola Garcia-Olcina, Maria Rivera-Riquelme, Tiscar Rodriguez-Jimenez, Agustin E Martinez-Gonzalez, Pim Cuijpers
INTRODUCTION: Traditionally, research and practice addressing mental health has been conducted within a unidimensional model, explaining mental health as the presence/absence of psychological problems (distress or psychopathological symptoms). More recently, accumulative evidence has supported a bi-dimensional model, which conceptualises psychological problems and psychological strengths (well-being) as related-yet-distinct continua that, when considered together, yields a more comprehensive understanding of individuals...
October 5, 2017: BMJ Open
Danielle Cooper, Timothy Anderson
Although social anxiety disorder is defined by anxiety-related symptoms, little research has focused on the interpersonal features of social anxiety. Prior studies (Cain, Pincus, & Grosse Holtforth, 2010; Kachin, Newman, & Pincus, 2001) identified distinct subgroups of socially anxious individuals' interpersonal circumplex problems that were blends of agency and communion, and yet inconsistencies remain. We predicted 2 distinct interpersonal subtypes would exist for individuals with high social anxiety, and that these social anxiety subtypes would differ on empathetic concern, paranoia, received peer victimization, perspective taking, and emotional suppression...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
Grace E Giles, Alexander M Spring, Heather L Urry, Joseph M Moran, Caroline R Mahoney, Robin B Kanarek
Caffeine reliably increases emotional arousal, but it is unclear if and how it influences other dimensions of emotion such as emotional valence. These experiments documented whether caffeine influences emotion and emotion regulation choice and success. Low to abstinent caffeine consumers (maximum 100 mg/day) completed measures of state anxiety, positive and negative emotion, and salivary cortisol before, 45 minutes, and 75 minutes after consuming 400 mg caffeine or placebo. Participants also completed an emotion regulation choice task in which they chose to employ cognitive reappraisal or distraction in response to high and low intensity negative pictures (Experiment 1) or a cognitive reappraisal task, in which they employed cognitive reappraisal or no emotion regulation strategy in response to negative and neutral pictures (Experiment 2)...
October 4, 2017: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Andreia Ș Mocan, Silvia Ș Iancu, Adriana S Băban
AIM: The present cross-sectional observational study aimed to investigates the relation between cognitive - emotional regulation strategies and depressive symptoms in type 2 diabetes patients in the context of sociodemographic and clinical factors, of diabetes distress, perception of illness consequences and previous depression. METHOD: Multiple logistic regression was performed on the responses of 354 adults with type 2 diabetes (58.5% women; mean ± SD age: 61...
September 26, 2017: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
Grace E Giles, Julie A Cantelon, Marianna D Eddy, Tad T Brunyé, Heather L Urry, Caroline R Mahoney, Robin B Kanarek
Habitual exercise is associated with enhanced domain-general cognitive control, such as inhibitory control, selective attention, and working memory, all of which rely on the frontal cortex. However, whether regular exercise is associated with more specific aspects of cognitive control, such as the cognitive control of emotion, remains relatively unexplored. The present study employed a correlational design to determine whether level of habitual exercise was related to performance on the Stroop test measuring selective attention and response inhibition, the cognitive reappraisal task measuring cognitive reappraisal success, and associated changes in prefrontal cortex (PFC) oxygenation using functional near-infrared spectroscopy...
December 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
Leandra Desjardins, Jennifer C Thigpen, Molly Kobritz, Alexandra H Bettis, Meredith A Gruhn, Megan Ichinose, Kristen Hoskinson, Claire Fraley, Allison Vreeland, Colleen McNally, Bruce E Compas
Neurocognitive problems in childhood survivors of brain tumors are well documented. Further, research has shown that problems in cognitive functioning may be associated with impairment in the use of complex strategies needed to cope with stress, including secondary control coping strategies (e.g., acceptance and cognitive reappraisal) which have been associated with fewer adjustment problems. The present study measured cognitive function, coping strategies, and adjustment in children ages 6-16 years at the time of brain tumor diagnosis and at two follow-up time-points up to 1 year post-diagnosis...
October 2, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
Xiaofei Wu, Tingting Guo, Tengteng Tang, Baoguo Shi, Jing Luo
As a well-recognized and widely adopted emotional regulation strategy, cognitive reappraisal has generally been proven to be efficient. However, the cognitive mechanism underlying regulatory efficiency, particularly the role of creativity, in cognitive reappraisal is unclear. Although previous studies have evaluated the relationship between creativity and reappraisal from the perspectives of generation (i.e., generating cognitive reappraisals and generating creative ideas involve similar cognitive neural networks) and individual differences (i...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
Giannis Lois, Martin F Gerchen, Peter Kirsch, Philipp Kanske, Sandra Schönfelder, Michèle Wessa
OBJECTIVES: The human brain is organized into large-scale networks that dynamically interact with each other. Extensive evidence has shown characteristic changes in certain large-scale networks during transitions from internally directed to externally directed attention. The aim of the present study was to compare these context-dependent network interactions during emotion regulation and to examine potential alterations in remitted unipolar and bipolar disorder patients. METHODS: We employed a multi-region generalized psychophysiological interactions analysis to quantify connectivity changes during distraction vs reappraisal pair-wise across 90 regions placed throughout the four networks of interest (default-mode, frontoparietal, salience, and dorsal attention networks)...
September 2017: Bipolar Disorders
Maria Wirth, Derek M Isaacowitz, Ute Kunzmann
Prominent life span theories of emotion propose that older adults attend less to negative emotional information and report less negative emotional reactions to the same information than younger adults do. Although parallel age differences in affective information processing and age differences in emotional reactivity have been proposed, they have rarely been investigated within the same study. In this eye-tracking study, we tested age differences in visual attention and emotional reactivity, using standardized emotionally negative stimuli...
September 2017: Psychology and Aging
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