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Cognitive reappraisal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889624/stress-and-anxiety-among-nursing-students-a-review-of-intervention-strategies-in-literature-between-2009-and-2015
#1
REVIEW
Katrina Turner, Valerie Lander McCarthy
Undergraduate nursing students experience significant stress and anxiety, inhibiting learning and increasing attrition. Twenty-six intervention studies were identified and evaluated, updating a previous systematic review which categorized interventions targeting: (1) stressors, (2) coping, or (3) appraisal. The majority of interventions in this review aimed to reduce numbers or intensity of stressors through curriculum development (12) or to improve students' coping skills (8). Two studies reported interventions using only cognitive reappraisal while three interventions combined reappraisal with other approaches...
November 12, 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883348/-cognitive-emotion-regulation-of-patients-qualified-for-implantation-of-heart-rhythm-control-device
#2
Urszula Ziętalewicz, Jan Jędrzejczyk, Włodzimierz Mojkowski, Dariusz Mojkowski
: The aim of the artificial heart stimulation is not only saving lives, but also improvement of the quality of life of patients with cardiac arrhythmias. One of the key dimensions of quality of life is psychological functioning. Until now, little research assess this dimension in patients before the implantation of the heart rhythm control device. AIM: The aim of the study was to assess the severity of depression and anxiety and the frequency of the used cognitive emotion regulation strategies and to examine the relationship between them...
November 25, 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869992/electroconvulsive-therapy-and-cognition-a-salutary-reappraisal
#3
EDITORIAL
C H Kellner, K G Farber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867366/the-impact-of-perspective-change-as-a-cognitive-reappraisal-strategy-on-affect-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Sophie M A Wallace-Hadrill, Sunjeev K Kamboj
The strategic or deliberate adoption of a cognitively distanced, third-person perspective is proposed to adaptively regulate emotions. However, studies of psychological disorders suggest spontaneous adoption of a third-person perspective reflects counter-productive avoidance. Here, we review studies that investigate the deliberate adoption of a third- or first-person vantage perspective and its impact on affect in healthy people, "sub-clinical" populations and those with psychological disorders. A systematic search was conducted across four databases...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855175/reappraisal-and-distraction-emotion-regulation-strategies-are-associated-with-distinct-patterns-of-visual-attention-and-differing-levels-of-cognitive-demand
#5
Gregory P Strauss, Kathryn L Ossenfort, Kayla M Whearty
Multiple emotion regulation strategies have been identified and found to differ in their effectiveness at decreasing negative emotions. One reason for this might be that individual strategies are associated with differing levels of cognitive demand and require distinct patterns of visual attention to achieve their effects. In the current study, we tested this hypothesis in a sample of psychiatrically healthy participants (n = 25) who attempted to down-regulate negative emotion to photographs from the International Affective Picture System using cognitive reappraisal or distraction...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819447/successful-emotion-regulation-is-predicted-by-amygdala-activity-and-aspects-of-personality-a-latent-variable-approach
#6
Carmen Morawetz, Rainer W Alexandrowicz, Hauke R Heekeren
The experience of emotions and their cognitive control are based upon neural responses in prefrontal and subcortical regions and could be affected by personality and temperamental traits. Previous studies established an association between activity in reappraisal-related brain regions (e.g., inferior frontal gyrus and amygdala) and emotion regulation success. Given these relationships, we aimed to further elucidate how individual differences in emotion regulation skills relate to brain activity within the emotion regulation network on the one hand, and personality/temperamental traits on the other...
November 7, 2016: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818384/hippocampal-t-cell-infiltration-promotes-neuroinflammation-and-cognitive-decline-in-a-mouse-model-of-tauopathy
#7
Cyril Laurent, Guillaume Dorothée, Stéphane Hunot, Elodie Martin, Yann Monnet, Marie Duchamp, Yuan Dong, François-Pierre Légeron, Antoine Leboucher, Sylvie Burnouf, Emilie Faivre, Kévin Carvalho, Raphaëlle Caillierez, Nadège Zommer, Dominique Demeyer, Nathalie Jouy, Veronique Sazdovitch, Susanna Schraen-Maschke, Cécile Delarasse, Luc Buée, David Blum
Alzheimer's disease is characterized by the combined presence of amyloid plaques and tau pathology, the latter being correlated with the progression of clinical symptoms. Neuroinflammatory changes are thought to be major contributors to Alzheimer's disease pathophysiology, even if their precise role still remains largely debated. Notably, to what extent immune responses contribute to cognitive impairments promoted by tau pathology remains poorly understood. To address this question, we took advantage of the THY-Tau22 mouse model that progressively develops hippocampal tau pathology paralleling cognitive deficits and reappraised the interrelationship between tau pathology and brain immune responses...
November 5, 2016: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766765/individual-differences-in-positive-and-negative-emotion-regulation-which-strategies-explain-variability-in-loneliness
#8
Sinead M Kearns, Ann-Marie Creaven
Loneliness is the distressing feeling accompanying the perception that one's social needs are not being met by one's social relationships. Conceptual models point to a role for cognitive factors in this experience. Because research on determinants of loneliness is sparse, this study investigates associations between individual differences in emotion regulation (ER) and loneliness. Participants (N = 116) completed measures of loneliness, and a vignette-based measure of adaptive and maladaptive ER in response to positive and negative scenarios...
October 20, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764151/the-effectiveness-of-daily-mindful-breathing-practices-on-test-anxiety-of-students
#9
Hyunju Cho, Seokjin Ryu, Jeeae Noh, Jongsun Lee
The present study examined the effectiveness of daily mindful breathing practices on test anxiety of university students. A total of 36 participants were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: a training mindful breathing condition (n = 12), a training cognitive reappraisal condition (contrast group, n = 12), and a non-training condition (control group, n = 12). Each of the participants trained by themselves for 6 days after they had taken one session of education for mindful or cognitive reappraisal practices...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738099/the-wisdom-to-know-the-difference-strategy-situation-fit-in-emotion-regulation-in-daily-life-is-associated-with-well-being
#10
Simon J Haines, John Gleeson, Peter Kuppens, Tom Hollenstein, Joseph Ciarrochi, Izelle Labuschagne, Caitlin Grace, Peter Koval
The ability to regulate emotions is central to well-being, but healthy emotion regulation may not merely be about using the "right" strategies. According to the strategy-situation-fit hypothesis, emotion-regulation strategies are conducive to well-being only when used in appropriate contexts. This study is the first to test the strategy-situation-fit hypothesis using ecological momentary assessment of cognitive reappraisal-a putatively adaptive strategy. We expected people who used reappraisal more in uncontrollable situations and less in controllable situations to have greater well-being than people with the opposite pattern of reappraisal use...
October 13, 2016: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736141/understanding-the-relationship-between-social-support-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-posttraumatic-growth-among-adolescents-after-ya-an-earthquake-the-role-of-emotion-regulation
#11
Xiao Zhou, Xinchun Wu, Rui Zhen
Objective: Posttraumatic distress disorder (PTSD) and posttraumatic growth (PTG) may coexist in trauma survivors, but there are mixed relationships between PTSD and PTG. To elucidate their relationship and constructs, it is necessary to examine simultaneously predictive factors, and to compare their determining factors. The aim of this study was to increasing our understanding the relationship between PTSD and PTG by examining simultaneously the role of social support and emotion regulation in PTSD and PTG among adolescents after the earthquake...
October 13, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736137/relating-dispositional-mindfulness-contemplative-practice-and-positive-reappraisal-with-posttraumatic-cognitive-coping-stress-and-growth
#12
Adam W Hanley, Eric L Garland, Richard G Tedeschi
Objective: A growing body of theoretical and empirical work suggests that mindfulness may support more positive posttraumatic outcomes by reducing posttraumatic stress (PTS) and encouraging posttraumatic growth (PTG). Positive reappraisal (PR), a cognitive coping correlate of dispositional mindfulness (DM) has also been linked with greater PTG. However, neither DM nor PR have been modeled in relation to core posttraumatic constructs such as core belief disruption, intrusive rumination, deliberate rumination, PTS and PTG...
October 13, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734198/emotion-regulation-strategies-in-depressive-and-anxiety-symptoms-in-youth-a-meta-analytic-review
#13
Johanna Özlem Schäfer, Eva Naumann, Emily Alexandra Holmes, Brunna Tuschen-Caffier, Andrea Christiane Samson
The role of emotion regulation in subclinical symptoms of mental disorders in adolescence is not yet well understood. This meta-analytic review examines the relationship between the habitual use of prominent adaptive emotion regulation strategies (cognitive reappraisal, problem solving, and acceptance) and maladaptive emotion regulation strategies (avoidance, suppression, and rumination) with depressive and anxiety symptoms in adolescence. Analyzing 68 effect sizes from 35 studies, we calculated overall outcomes across depressive and anxiety symptoms as well as psychopathology-specific outcomes...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709971/an-exploratory-analysis-of-the-impact-of-specific-interventions-some-clients-reveal-more-than-others
#14
James F Boswell, Matteo Bugatti
Recent work has highlighted that process-outcome relationships are likely to vary depending on the client, yet there is little direct evidence regarding specific intervention effects in individual clients. This study attempted to address the hypothesis that some clients reveal more than others regarding the impact of specific interventions. Intensive case study analyses were applied to 2 clients with principal major depressive disorder and comorbid anxiety disorders receiving transdiagnostic psychotherapy. Clients completed a battery of symptom and psychological assessments of mindfulness, cognitive reappraisal use, and emotion avoidance on many occasions throughout treatment...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709512/neural-correlates-of-immediate-and-prolonged-effects-of-cognitive-reappraisal-and-distraction-on-emotional-experience
#15
Andrea Hermann, Laura Kress, Rudolf Stark
Cognitive emotion regulation strategies are important components of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). Additionally, up-regulation and difficulties in the down-regulation of negative feelings are associated with mental disorders. However, little is known about the lasting effects of cognitive emotion regulation strategies on emotional experience and associated neural activation. Therefore, this study investigated immediate and prolonged effects of emotion regulation using cognitive reappraisal and distraction on subjective report and its neural correlates...
October 5, 2016: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705964/interaction-with-the-mapt-h1h1-genotype-increases-dementia-risk-in-apoe-%C3%AE%C2%B54-carriers-in-a-population-of-southern-india
#16
P S Jairani, P M Aswathy, Srinivas Gopala, Joe Verghese, P S Mathuranath
BACKGROUND: This study delineates the role of the interaction of apolipoprotein E (APOE) and MAPT alleles in contributing to disease risks of dementia in a southern Indian population. METHODS: A sample of 419 patients comprising Alzheimer's disease (AD; n = 156), mild cognitive impairment (MCI; n = 87), frontotemporal dementia (FTD; n = 127), vascular dementia (VD; n = 37), and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB; n = 12) was analysed in comparison with a control group (n = 138)...
2016: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684649/emotion-regulation-strategies-in-daily-life-mindfulness-cognitive-reappraisal-and-emotion-suppression
#17
Robert Brockman, Joseph Ciarrochi, Philip Parker, Todd Kashdan
Most empirical studies of emotion regulation have relied on retrospective trait measures, and have not examined the link between daily regulatory strategies and every day emotional well-being. We used a daily diary methodology with multilevel modelling data analyses (n = 187) to examine the influence of three emotion regulation strategies (mindfulness, cognitive reappraisal and emotion suppression) on the experience of daily negative and positive affect. Our results suggested that daily mindfulness was associated with lower negative and higher positive affect whereas the converse pattern was found for daily emotion suppression; cognitive reappraisal was related to daily positive, but not negative affect...
August 12, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683302/creative-ways-to-well-being-reappraisal-inventiveness-in-the-context-of-anger-evoking-situations
#18
Andreas Fink, Elisabeth M Weiss, Ursula Schwarzl, Hannelore Weber, Vera Loureiro de Assunção, Christian Rominger, Günter Schulter, Helmut K Lackner, Ilona Papousek
Neuroscientific studies in the field of creativity mainly focused on tasks drawing on basic verbal divergent thinking demands. This study took a step further by investigating brain mechanisms in response to other types of creative behavior, involving more "real-life" creativity demands in the context of emotion regulation and well-being. Specifically, functional patterns of EEG alpha activity were investigated while participants were required to generate as many and as different ways as possible to reappraise presented anger-eliciting situations in a manner that reduces their anger...
September 28, 2016: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665000/when-opposites-lead-to-the-same-a-direct-comparison-of-explicit-and-implicit-disgust-regulation-via-fmri
#19
Anne Schienle, Sonja Übel, Albert Wabnegger
Cognitive reappraisal and placebo administration constitute two different approaches for modulating one's own emotional state. Whereas reappraisal is an explicit (effortful) type of self-regulation, placebo treatment initiates implicit processes of affective control. The brain mechanisms underlying these processes have not been directly compared with each other up until now; doing this enables the identification of distinct and shared neuronal features.We conducted a functional magnetic resonance imaging study with forty-five women, who were presented with disgusting and neutral images in a block design, at three experimental sessions, over three consecutive days...
September 23, 2016: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648495/specificity-of-relations-between-adolescents-cognitive-emotion-regulation-strategies-and-symptoms-of-depression-and-anxiety
#20
Nadia Garnefski, Vivian Kraaij
The aim of this study was to examine the extent to which cognitive emotion regulation strategies were "common or transdiagnostic correlates" of symptoms of depression and anxiety and/or "specific correlates" distinguishing one problem category from the other. The sample comprised 582 13- to 16-year-old secondary school students. Symptoms of depression and anxiety were measured by the SCL-90, and cognitive emotion regulation strategies were measured by the CERQ, in a cross-sectional design. Multivariate regression analyses were performed...
September 20, 2016: Cognition & Emotion
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