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Cognitive reappraisal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095313/prefrontal-mediation-of-emotion-regulation-in-social-anxiety-disorder-during-laughter-perception
#1
Benjamin Kreifelts, Carolin Brück, Thomas Ethofer, Jan Ritter, Lena Weigel, Michael Erb, Dirk Wildgruber
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is characterized by negatively biased perception of social cues and deficits in emotion regulation. While negatively biased perception is thought to maintain social anxiety, emotion regulation represents an ability necessary to overcome both biased perception and social anxiety. Here, we used laughter as a social threat in a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study to identify cerebral mediators linking SAD with attention and interpretation biases and their modification through cognitive emotion regulation in the form of reappraisal...
January 14, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093035/cognitive-emotion-regulation-in-adulthood-and-old-age-positive-gaze-preferences-across-two-strategies
#2
Eric S Allard, Elizabeth A Kensinger
While positive emotional functioning may be enhanced across adulthood and old age, research is mixed as to the types of regulatory strategies that are more or less beneficial for facilitating well-being. The goal of the present study was to examine how specific cognitive emotion regulation strategies assumed to rely on varying levels of effortful processing (selective attention vs. reappraisal) would impact regulatory behaviors (via eye gaze deployment) and resultant affective outcomes. Participants viewed a series of positive, negative, and neutral film clips while their eyes were tracked across three conditions: passive viewing, selective attention, and reappraisal...
January 16, 2017: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072452/what-our-eyes-tell-us-about-feelings-tracking-pupillary-responses-during-emotion-regulation-processes
#3
Valerie L Kinner, Lars Kuchinke, Angelika M Dierolf, Christian J Merz, Tobias Otto, Oliver T Wolf
Emotion regulation is essential for adaptive behavior and mental health. Strategies applied to alter emotions are known to differ in their impact on psychological and physiological aspects of the emotional response. However, emotion regulation outcome has primarily been assessed via self-report, and studies comparing regulation strategies with regard to their peripheral physiological mechanisms are limited in number. In the present study, we therefore aimed to investigate the effects of different emotion regulation strategies on pupil dilation, skin conductance responses, and subjective emotional responses...
January 10, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069095/deficits-in-social-cognition-an-unveiled-signature-of-multiple-sclerosis
#4
Moussa A Chalah, Samar S Ayache
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic progressive inflammatory disease of the central nervous system, representing the primary cause of non-traumatic disability in young adults. Cognitive dysfunction can affect patients at any time during the disease process and might alter the six core functional domains. Social cognition is a multi-component construct that includes the theory of mind, empathy and social perception of emotions from facial, bodily and vocal cues...
January 10, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060454/trait-and-neurobiological-underpinnings-of-negative-emotion-regulation-in-gambling-disorder
#5
Juan F Navas, Oren Contreras-Rodríguez, Juan Verdejo-Román, Ana Perandrés-Gómez, Natalia Albein-Urios, Antonio Verdejo-García, José C Perales
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Gambling disorder is characterized by poor regulation of negative emotions and impulsive behaviors. This study aimed to (1) compare gambling disorder patients (GDPs) and healthy controls (HCs) in self-report and brain activation measures of emotion regulation; and (2) establish its relationship with negative emotion-driven impulsivity. DESIGN: Two cross-sectional case-control studies including GDPs and HCs. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: GDPs and HCs were recruited from specialized gambling clinics in Andalusia (Spain), where they were following outpatient treatment, and from the community, respectively...
January 6, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045309/cultural-differences-and-similarities-in-beliefs-practices-and-neural-mechanisms-of-emotion-regulation
#6
Yang Qu, Eva H Telzer
OBJECTIVE: The current research examined whether culture shapes the beliefs, practices, and neural basis of emotion regulation. METHOD: Twenty-nine American and Chinese participants reported their implicit theory of emotion and frequency of reappraisal use. They also underwent an fMRI scan while completing an emotion regulation task. RESULTS: Chinese (vs. American) participants reported more frequent use of reappraisal, which was mediated by their higher incremental theory of emotion (i...
January 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041962/high-working-memory-load-impairs-the-effect-of-cognitive-reappraisal-on-emotional-response-evidence-from-an-event-related-potential-study
#7
Shuzhen Gan, Jianfeng Yang, Xuhai Chen, Xiuping Zhang, Yufang Yang
This study investigates how the working memory (WM) load influenced the efficacy of cognitive reappraisal, a frequently used strategy for emotion regulation. In a dual-task paradigm, the participants were required to perform a high-load or a low-load memory task and simultaneously reappraise aversive pictures with a negative or a neutral meaning. In the low-load condition, we found that the amplitude of emotion-enhanced late positive potential (LPP) was significantly decreased by neutral reappraisal compared to negative reappraisal...
December 30, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010039/the-emotion-regulation-questionnaire-in-women-with-cancer-a-psychometric-evaluation-and-an-item-response-theory-analysis
#8
Tânia Brandão, Marc S Schulz, James J Gross, Paula Mena Matos
OBJECTIVE: Emotion regulation is thought to play an important role in adaptation to cancer. However, the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ), a widely-used instrument to assess emotion regulation, has not yet been validated in this context. This study addresses this gap by examining the psychometric properties of the ERQ in a sample of Portuguese women with cancer. METHODS: The ERQ was administered to 204 women with cancer (M age = 48.89 years, SD = 7...
December 23, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998996/effective-amygdala-prefrontal-connectivity-predicts-individual-differences-in-successful-emotion-regulation
#9
Carmen Morawetz, Stefan Bode, Juergen Baudewig, Hauke R Heekeren
The ability to voluntarily regulate our emotional response to threatening and highly arousing stimuli by using cognitive reappraisal strategies is essential for our mental and physical well-being. This might be achieved by prefrontal brain regions (e.g., inferior frontal gyrus, IFG) down-regulating activity in the amygdala. It is unknown, to which degree effective connectivity within the emotion-regulation network is linked to individual differences in reappraisal skills. Using psychophysiological interaction (PPI) analyses of functional magnetic resonance imaging data, we examined changes in inter-regional connectivity between the amygdala and IFG with other brain regions during reappraisal of emotional responses and used emotion regulation success as an explicit regressor...
December 20, 2016: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997290/exploring-emotion-regulation-in-juveniles-who-have-sexually-offended-an-fmri-study
#10
Sara Jones, Christian C Joyal, Josh M Cisler, Shasha Bai
This exploratory study compared juveniles who sexually offend to nonoffending juveniles in their capacities to behaviorally and neurologically regulate, or reappraise, negative emotions. Participants were 39 juvenile males, including 10 healthy, nonoffending control subjects and 29 juveniles who sexually offend, comprising 12 juveniles who sexually offend with history of child sexual abuse. Participants completed a clinical assessment and a reappraisal task during functional magnetic resonance imaging. Difficulties in Emotional Regulation Scale results showed significantly less difficulties in emotion regulation among controls compared to juveniles who sexually offend, but when self-rating reappraisal abilities during the functional magnetic resonance imaging, all groups obtained comparable results...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993336/toward-a-unified-treatment-for-emotional-disorders-republished-article
#11
David H Barlow, Laura B Allen, Molly L Choate
Over 40 years of development of cognitive behavioral approaches to treating anxiety and related emotional disorders have left us with highly efficacious treatments that are increasingly widely accepted. Nevertheless, these manualized protocols have become numerous and somewhat complex, restricting effective training and dissemination. Deepening understanding of the nature of emotional disorders reveals that commonalities in etiology and latent structure among these disorders supercedes differences. This suggests the possibility of distilling a set of psychological procedures that would comprise a unified intervention for emotional disorders...
November 2016: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988161/developmental-changes-in-neural-correlates-of-cognitive-reappraisal-an-erp-study-using-the-late-positive-potential
#12
Valerie Van Cauwenberge, Karla Van Leeuwen, Karel Hoppenbrouwers, Jan R Wiersema
OBJECTIVE: The reduction of the amplitude of the late positive potential (LPP) following cognitive reappraisal has been used as a neural marker of emotion regulation. However, studies employing this neural marker in children are scarce and findings are not conclusive, with most studies showing a lack of LPP modulation after reappraisal in children in the age range of 5-12 years. The aim of the current study was therefore to investigate developmental changes in sensitivity of LPP modulation to cognitive reappraisal...
December 14, 2016: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976447/impact-of-sleep-restriction-versus-idealized-sleep-on-emotional-experience-reactivity-and-regulation-in-healthy-adolescents
#13
Radhika Reddy, Cara A Palmer, Christine Jackson, Samantha G Farris, Candice A Alfano
Sleep loss is associated with affective disturbances and disorders; however, there is limited understanding of specific mechanisms underlying these links, especially in adolescence. The current study tested the effects of sleep restriction versus idealized sleep on adolescents' emotional experience, reactivity and regulation (specifically cognitive reappraisal). Following 1 week of sleep monitoring, healthy adolescents (n = 42; ages 13-17 years) were randomized to 1 night of sleep restriction (4 h) or idealized sleep (9...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936022/cognitive-costs-of-reappraisal-depend-on-both-emotional-stimulus-intensity-and-individual-differences-in-habitual-reappraisal
#14
Catherine Nicole Marie Ortner, Mark Ste Marie, Daniela Corno
Recent models of emotion regulation suggest that the cognitive costs of reappraisal depend on stimulus intensity and habitual reappraisal. In the current experiment, we tested these hypotheses by manipulating the intensity of unpleasant and pleasant images, which participants reappraised, viewed, or suppressed their emotions to. To assess cognitive costs, we measured participants' performance on a concurrent simple reaction time task. Participants also reported on their everyday use of reappraisal and suppression...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889624/stress-and-anxiety-among-nursing-students-a-review-of-intervention-strategies-in-literature-between-2009-and-2015
#15
REVIEW
Katrina Turner, Valerie Lander McCarthy
Undergraduate nursing students experience significant stress and anxiety, inhibiting learning and increasing attrition. Twenty-six intervention studies were identified and evaluated, updating a previous systematic review which categorized interventions targeting: (1) stressors, (2) coping, or (3) appraisal. The majority of interventions in this review aimed to reduce numbers or intensity of stressors through curriculum development (12) or to improve students' coping skills (8). Two studies reported interventions using only cognitive reappraisal while three interventions combined reappraisal with other approaches...
November 12, 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883348/-cognitive-emotion-regulation-of-patients-qualified-for-implantation-of-heart-rhythm-control-device
#16
Urszula Ziętalewicz, Jan Jędrzejczyk, Włodzimierz Mojkowski, Dariusz Mojkowski
: The aim of the artificial heart stimulation is not only saving lives, but also improvement of the quality of life of patients with cardiac arrhythmias. One of the key dimensions of quality of life is psychological functioning. Until now, little research assess this dimension in patients before the implantation of the heart rhythm control device. AIM: The aim of the study was to assess the severity of depression and anxiety and the frequency of the used cognitive emotion regulation strategies and to examine the relationship between them...
November 25, 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869992/electroconvulsive-therapy-and-cognition-a-salutary-reappraisal
#17
EDITORIAL
C H Kellner, K G Farber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867366/the-impact-of-perspective-change-as-a-cognitive-reappraisal-strategy-on-affect-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Sophie M A Wallace-Hadrill, Sunjeev K Kamboj
The strategic or deliberate adoption of a cognitively distanced, third-person perspective is proposed to adaptively regulate emotions. However, studies of psychological disorders suggest spontaneous adoption of a third-person perspective reflects counter-productive avoidance. Here, we review studies that investigate the deliberate adoption of a third- or first-person vantage perspective and its impact on affect in healthy people, "sub-clinical" populations and those with psychological disorders. A systematic search was conducted across four databases...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855175/reappraisal-and-distraction-emotion-regulation-strategies-are-associated-with-distinct-patterns-of-visual-attention-and-differing-levels-of-cognitive-demand
#19
Gregory P Strauss, Kathryn L Ossenfort, Kayla M Whearty
Multiple emotion regulation strategies have been identified and found to differ in their effectiveness at decreasing negative emotions. One reason for this might be that individual strategies are associated with differing levels of cognitive demand and require distinct patterns of visual attention to achieve their effects. In the current study, we tested this hypothesis in a sample of psychiatrically healthy participants (n = 25) who attempted to down-regulate negative emotion to photographs from the International Affective Picture System using cognitive reappraisal or distraction...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819447/successful-emotion-regulation-is-predicted-by-amygdala-activity-and-aspects-of-personality-a-latent-variable-approach
#20
Carmen Morawetz, Rainer W Alexandrowicz, Hauke R Heekeren
The experience of emotions and their cognitive control are based upon neural responses in prefrontal and subcortical regions and could be affected by personality and temperamental traits. Previous studies established an association between activity in reappraisal-related brain regions (e.g., inferior frontal gyrus and amygdala) and emotion regulation success. Given these relationships, we aimed to further elucidate how individual differences in emotion regulation skills relate to brain activity within the emotion regulation network on the one hand, and personality/temperamental traits on the other...
November 7, 2016: Emotion
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