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Cognitive reappraisal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778000/anxiety-moderates-the-effects-of-stressor-controllability-and-cognitive-reappraisal-on-distress-following-aversive-exposure-an-experimental-investigation
#1
Lillian Le, Michelle Moulds, Angela Nickerson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Emerging evidence suggests that the effectiveness of cognitive reappraisal (CR) depends on different factors, including the individual's psychological wellbeing (e.g., level of anxiety) and the context in which the strategy is used (e.g., stressor controllability). The present study aimed to investigate the emotional (negative affect) and physiological (skin conductance levels) effects of emotion regulation following exposure to controllable versus uncontrollable stress...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773152/is-expressive-suppression-harmful-for-chinese-american-breast-cancer-survivors
#2
Qian Lu, William Tsai, Qiao Chu, Jing Xie
Emotion regulation strategies are important for cancer survivors' adjustment. Expressive suppression, defined as the active effort of inhibiting the expressive component of an emotional response, has been found to be a maladaptive emotion regulation strategy. These studies, however, have been limited to cross-sectional designs and primarily European American samples. Chinese culture encourages emotion suppression to preserve interpersonal harmony and therefore it may be important to test these emotion regulation processes with this population...
June 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764217/chronotype-and-depressive-symptoms-in-students-an-investigation-of-possible-mechanisms
#3
Julia F Van den Berg, Liia Kivelä, Niki Antypa
Individuals with an evening chronotype are at increased risk of experiencing emotional problems, including depressive symptoms. However, the mechanisms underlying these associations remain unclear. The present study aimed to determine whether poor sleep quality, substance use and cognitive emotion regulation difficulties - which have been implicated in the etiology of depression - mediate the relationship between chronotype and depressive symptoms in a student sample, which was assessed cross-sectionally and after 1 year...
May 15, 2018: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753591/emotion-regulation-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-unaffected-siblings-and-unrelated-healthy-control-participants
#4
Anders L Thorsen, Stella J de Wit, Froukje E de Vries, Danielle C Cath, Dick J Veltman, Ysbrand D van der Werf, David Mataix-Cols, Bjarne Hansen, Gerd Kvale, Odile A van den Heuvel
BACKGROUND: Functional neuroimaging endophenotypes of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have been suggested during executive tasks. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether behavioral and neural responses during emotion processing and regulation also represent an endophenotype of OCD. METHODS: Forty-three unmedicated adult OCD patients, 19 of their unaffected siblings, and 38 healthy control participants underwent 3T functional magnetic resonance imaging during an emotion regulation task including neutral, fear-inducing, and OCD-related visual stimuli...
March 24, 2018: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749257/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-emotion-regulation-questionnaire-in-taiwanese-college-students
#5
Cheng-Hsien Li, Jing-Jyi Wu
Emotion regulation has been considered a vital mechanism for psychological and physical health. The Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ) was originally developed by Gross and John to measure the emotion regulation strategies of cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression. Given the practical importance of functional emotion regulation for psychological assessment in the Taiwanese cultural context, this study examined the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the ERQ in a sample of 909 Taiwanese college students...
May 1, 2018: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745687/another-year-older-another-year-wiser-emotion-regulation-strategy-selection-and-flexibility-across-adulthood
#6
Lameese Eldesouky, Tammy English
Several influential theories posit that improvements in emotion regulation contribute to enhanced emotional well-being in older adulthood. However, surprisingly little is known about whether there are age differences in emotion regulation strategy use. We addressed this question by testing whether older adults report using typically adaptive strategies more often and regulate more flexibly than relatively younger adults. In a two-part study, 136 married couples (N = 272) aged 23-85 years completed individual difference measures of cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression, and then nine daily reports of a broader range of emotion regulation strategies, now including situation selection, situation modification, and distraction...
May 10, 2018: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734226/functional-neuroanatomy-of-emotion-and-its-regulation-in-ptsd
#7
Jacklynn M Fitzgerald, Julia A DiGangi, K Luan Phan
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a devastating disorder, linked to profound mental, physical, occupational, and functional impairment. In addition, it is a highly complex disorder, characterized by symptom heterogeneity across multiple domains. Nevertheless, emotion dysregulation arising from the exaggerated response to threat or from the inability to regulate negative emotional states plays a defining role in the pathophysiology of PTSD. In order to improve our understanding of how emotion dysregulation manifests in this illness, functional neuroimaging research over the past 20 years provides great insight into underlying neuroanatomy of each component of emotion dysregulation in the context of PTSD...
May 2018: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732243/emotion-regulation-predicts-everyday-emotion-experience-and-social-function-in-schizophrenia
#8
Erin K Moran, Adam J Culbreth, Deanna M Barch
While recent evidence has pointed to disturbances in emotion regulation strategy use in schizophrenia, few studies have examined how these regulation strategies relate to emotionality and social behavior in daily life. Using ecological momentary assessment (EMA), we investigated the relationship between emotion regulation, emotional experience and social interaction in the daily lives of individuals with schizophrenia. Participants (N=30) used mobile phones to complete online questionnaires reporting their daily emotional experience and social interaction...
March 2018: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706916/development-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-adaptive-functions-of-music-listening-scale
#9
Jenny M Groarke, Michael J Hogan
Music listening may serve many adaptive functions in everyday life. However, studies examining the relationship between the functions of music listening (FML) and wellbeing outcomes have produced mixed findings. The purpose of this study is to develop a new measure to assess music listening functions that is psychometrically robust, and suitable for outcomes-based research on music listening and wellbeing. Scale items were developed based on a literature review and a prior qualitative enquiry. The items were reviewed by four content experts in music psychology and scale development...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704969/a-pilot-study-of-emotion-regulation-therapy-for-generalized-anxiety-and-depression-findings-from-a-diverse-sample-of-young-adults
#10
Megan E Renna, Jean M Quintero, Ariella Soffer, Martin Pino, Leslie Ader, David M Fresco, Douglas S Mennin
Emotion regulation therapy (ERT) for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and accompanying major depressive disorder (MDD) is a theoretically derived, evidence-based treatment that integrates principles from traditional and contemporary cognitive-behavioral and experiential approaches with basic and translational findings from affect science to offer a blueprint for improving intervention by focusing on the motivational responses and corresponding self-referential regulatory characteristics. Preliminary evidence supports the efficacy of a 20-session version of ERT...
May 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697476/a-systematic-review-of-the-processes-underlying-the-main-and-the-buffering-effect-of-social-support-on-the-experience-of-pain
#11
Xianwei Che, Robin Cash, Sin Ki Ng, Paul Fitzgerald, Bernadette M Fitzgibbon
OBJECTIVE: This review aimed to explore the processes that underlie the main and the buffering effect of social support on decreased pain experience. METHODS: The systematic review was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines. Online databases of PubMed and PsycINFO were searched for peer-reviewed articles using keywords (("social support", OR "interpersonal", OR "social presence", OR "spouse", OR "couple", OR "marriage") AND "pain")...
April 24, 2018: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689500/neural-correlates-of-top-down-regulation-and-generation-of-negative-affect-in-major-depressive-disorder
#12
Elena Goetz Davis, Lara C Foland-Ross, Ian H Gotlib
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is characterized by biased information processing that leads to difficulties regulating negative affect, which includes difficulty decreasing negative affect as well as maladaptively increasing negative affect via cognitive processes. To examine the underlying neural correlates, we scanned depressed and never-depressed adults as they completed a cognitive reappraisal task which required decreasing negative affect while viewing a negative image (down-regulation) and increasing negative affect while viewing a neutral image (emotion generation)...
April 7, 2018: Psychiatry research. Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676601/poor-cognitive-inhibition-predicts-rumination-about-insomnia-in-a-clinical-sample
#13
Andrea Ballesio, Cristina Ottaviani, Caterina Lombardo
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: According to the Cognitive Model of Insomnia disorder, rumination about lack of sleep and its diurnal consequences plays a crucial role in maintaining insomnia. Consolidated evidence shows that rumination is related to poor executive functions, which are cognitive control processes impacted by insomnia. Despite this evidence, no studies so far investigated the relationship between executive functions and rumination in individuals with insomnia. The aim of this pilot study was to cover this gap by investigating whether poor executive functions are associated with rumination in a sample of individuals with a diagnosis of insomnia disorder...
April 20, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670822/change-in-emotional-self-concept-following-socio-cognitive-training-relates-to-structural-plasticity-of-the-prefrontal-cortex
#14
Anna-Lena Lumma, Sofie L Valk, Anne Böckler, Pascal Vrtička, Tania Singer
Introduction: Self-referential processing is a key component of the emotional self-concept. Previous studies have shown that emotional self-referential processing is related to structure and function of cortical midline areas such as medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), and that it can be altered on a behavioral level by specific mental training practices. However, it remains unknown how behavioral training-related change in emotional self-concept content relates to structural plasticity...
April 2018: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662443/emotion-regulation-and-complex-brain-networks-association-between-expressive-suppression-and-efficiency-in-the-fronto-parietal-network-and-default-mode-network
#15
Junhao Pan, Liying Zhan, ChuanLin Hu, Junkai Yang, Cong Wang, Li Gu, Shengqi Zhong, Yingyu Huang, Qian Wu, Xiaolin Xie, Qijin Chen, Hui Zhou, Miner Huang, Xiang Wu
Emotion regulation (ER) refers to the "implementation of a conscious or non-conscious goal to start, stop or otherwise modulate the trajectory of an emotion" (Etkin et al., 2015). Whereas multiple brain areas have been found to be involved in ER, relatively little is known about whether and how ER is associated with the global functioning of brain networks. Recent advances in brain connectivity research using graph-theory based analysis have shown that the brain can be organized into complex networks composed of functionally or structurally connected brain areas...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658751/age-differences-in-emotion-regulation-effort-pupil-response-distinguishes-reappraisal-and-distraction-for-older-but-not-younger-adults
#16
Bruna Martins, Jan Florjanczyk, Nicholas J Jackson, Margaret Gatz, Mara Mather
In previous research, older adults show greater emotional benefits from distracting themselves than from reappraising an event when strategically regulating emotion. Older adults also demonstrate an attentional preference to avoid, while younger adults show a bias toward approaching negative stimuli. This suggests a possible age-related differentiation of cognitive effort across approach and avoidance of negative stimuli during emotion regulation. In this study, we tracked cognitive effort via pupil dilation during the use of distraction (avoidance) and reappraisal (approach) strategies across age...
March 2018: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628068/negative-autobiographical-memory-in-depression-reflects-elevated-amygdala-hippocampal-reactivity-and-hippocampally-associated-emotion-regulation
#17
Bruce P Doré, Odile Rodrik, Chelsea Boccagno, Alexa Hubbard, Jochen Weber, Barbara Stanley, Maria A Oquendo, Jeffrey M Miller, M Elizabeth Sublette, J John Mann, Kevin N Ochsner
BACKGROUND: Dysregulated autobiographical recall is observed in major depressive disorder (MDD). However, it is unknown whether people with MDD show abnormalities in memory-, emotion-, and control-related brain systems during reactivity to and regulation of negative autobiographical memories. METHODS: We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to identify neural mechanisms underlying MDD-related emotional responses to negative autobiographical memories and the ability to downregulate these responses using a cognitive regulatory strategy known as reappraisal...
April 2018: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627699/the-relationship-between-emotion-regulation-strategies-personality-traits-and-skin-picking-behaviours-in-a-non-clinical-sample-of-polish-adults
#18
Katarzyna Prochwicz, Joanna Kłosowska, Alina Kałużna-Wielobób
Although skin-picking is a relatively common behaviour, data concerning factors which underlie skin-picking severity and functional impairment caused by picking are still limited. In the present study we examined whether some emotion regulation strategies (cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression) and personality features influence skin-picking in a university sample; the moderating role of personality traits in the relationship between emotion regulation strategies and skin-picking was also considered...
March 26, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624211/influence-of-maternal-negative-emotion-reactivity-and-cognitive-reappraisal-on-child-anxiety-disorder
#19
Nava Wald, Tal Carthy, Vered Shenaar-Golan, Yael Tadmor-Zisman, Maayan Ziskind
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are among the most common psychopathologies in childhood. Two underlying contributors to child anxiety disorders (ADs) are negative emotional hyper-reactivity and deficits in reappraisal, a cognitive strategy of emotion regulation. Given that emotion regulation develops in the context of parent-child interaction, the aim of this study was to fill a research gap regarding the association between maternal negative emotional reactivity (NER) and reappraisal and child anxiety by examining (a) whether mothers of children with ADs display abnormalities in emotional reactivity and reappraisal compared to mothers of children without ADs; (b) whether maternal NER and reappraisal are associated with child anxiety; and (c) whether maternal reactivity and reappraisal significantly explain the variance in the level of child anxiety beyond the level of maternal anxiety...
April 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609103/cognitive-control-training-for-emotion-related-impulsivity
#20
Andrew D Peckham, Sheri L Johnson
Many forms of psychopathology are tied to a heightened tendency to respond impulsively to strong emotions, and this tendency, in turn, is closely tied to problems with cognitive control. The goal of the present study was to test whether a two-week, six-session cognitive control training program is efficacious in reducing emotion-related impulsivity. Participants (N = 52) reporting elevated scores on an emotion-related impulsivity measure completed cognitive control training targeting working memory and response inhibition...
June 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
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