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Cognitive reappraisal

Sinead M Kearns, Ann-Marie Creaven
Loneliness is the distressing feeling accompanying the perception that one's social needs are not being met by one's social relationships. Conceptual models point to a role for cognitive factors in this experience. Because research on determinants of loneliness is sparse, this study investigates associations between individual differences in emotion regulation (ER) and loneliness. Participants (N = 116) completed measures of loneliness, and a vignette-based measure of adaptive and maladaptive ER in response to positive and negative scenarios...
October 20, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
Hyunju Cho, Seokjin Ryu, Jeeae Noh, Jongsun Lee
The present study examined the effectiveness of daily mindful breathing practices on test anxiety of university students. A total of 36 participants were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: a training mindful breathing condition (n = 12), a training cognitive reappraisal condition (contrast group, n = 12), and a non-training condition (control group, n = 12). Each of the participants trained by themselves for 6 days after they had taken one session of education for mindful or cognitive reappraisal practices...
2016: PloS One
Simon J Haines, John Gleeson, Peter Kuppens, Tom Hollenstein, Joseph Ciarrochi, Izelle Labuschagne, Caitlin Grace, Peter Koval
The ability to regulate emotions is central to well-being, but healthy emotion regulation may not merely be about using the "right" strategies. According to the strategy-situation-fit hypothesis, emotion-regulation strategies are conducive to well-being only when used in appropriate contexts. This study is the first to test the strategy-situation-fit hypothesis using ecological momentary assessment of cognitive reappraisal-a putatively adaptive strategy. We expected people who used reappraisal more in uncontrollable situations and less in controllable situations to have greater well-being than people with the opposite pattern of reappraisal use...
October 13, 2016: Psychological Science
Xiao Zhou, Xinchun Wu, Rui Zhen
Objective: Posttraumatic distress disorder (PTSD) and posttraumatic growth (PTG) may coexist in trauma survivors, but there are mixed relationships between PTSD and PTG. To elucidate their relationship and constructs, it is necessary to examine simultaneously predictive factors, and to compare their determining factors. The aim of this study was to increasing our understanding the relationship between PTSD and PTG by examining simultaneously the role of social support and emotion regulation in PTSD and PTG among adolescents after the earthquake...
October 13, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
Adam W Hanley, Eric L Garland, Richard G Tedeschi
Objective: A growing body of theoretical and empirical work suggests that mindfulness may support more positive posttraumatic outcomes by reducing posttraumatic stress (PTS) and encouraging posttraumatic growth (PTG). Positive reappraisal (PR), a cognitive coping correlate of dispositional mindfulness (DM) has also been linked with greater PTG. However, neither DM nor PR have been modeled in relation to core posttraumatic constructs such as core belief disruption, intrusive rumination, deliberate rumination, PTS and PTG...
October 13, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
Johanna Özlem Schäfer, Eva Naumann, Emily Alexandra Holmes, Brunna Tuschen-Caffier, Andrea Christiane Samson
The role of emotion regulation in subclinical symptoms of mental disorders in adolescence is not yet well understood. This meta-analytic review examines the relationship between the habitual use of prominent adaptive emotion regulation strategies (cognitive reappraisal, problem solving, and acceptance) and maladaptive emotion regulation strategies (avoidance, suppression, and rumination) with depressive and anxiety symptoms in adolescence. Analyzing 68 effect sizes from 35 studies, we calculated overall outcomes across depressive and anxiety symptoms as well as psychopathology-specific outcomes...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
James F Boswell, Matteo Bugatti
Recent work has highlighted that process-outcome relationships are likely to vary depending on the client, yet there is little direct evidence regarding specific intervention effects in individual clients. This study attempted to address the hypothesis that some clients reveal more than others regarding the impact of specific interventions. Intensive case study analyses were applied to 2 clients with principal major depressive disorder and comorbid anxiety disorders receiving transdiagnostic psychotherapy. Clients completed a battery of symptom and psychological assessments of mindfulness, cognitive reappraisal use, and emotion avoidance on many occasions throughout treatment...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Andrea Hermann, Laura Kress, Rudolf Stark
Cognitive emotion regulation strategies are important components of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). Additionally, up-regulation and difficulties in the down-regulation of negative feelings are associated with mental disorders. However, little is known about the lasting effects of cognitive emotion regulation strategies on emotional experience and associated neural activation. Therefore, this study investigated immediate and prolonged effects of emotion regulation using cognitive reappraisal and distraction on subjective report and its neural correlates...
October 5, 2016: Brain Imaging and Behavior
P S Jairani, P M Aswathy, Srinivas Gopala, Joe Verghese, P S Mathuranath
BACKGROUND: This study delineates the role of the interaction of apolipoprotein E (APOE) and MAPT alleles in contributing to disease risks of dementia in a southern Indian population. METHODS: A sample of 419 patients comprising Alzheimer's disease (AD; n = 156), mild cognitive impairment (MCI; n = 87), frontotemporal dementia (FTD; n = 127), vascular dementia (VD; n = 37), and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB; n = 12) was analysed in comparison with a control group (n = 138)...
October 6, 2016: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
Robert Brockman, Joseph Ciarrochi, Philip Parker, Todd Kashdan
Most empirical studies of emotion regulation have relied on retrospective trait measures, and have not examined the link between daily regulatory strategies and every day emotional well-being. We used a daily diary methodology with multilevel modelling data analyses (n = 187) to examine the influence of three emotion regulation strategies (mindfulness, cognitive reappraisal and emotion suppression) on the experience of daily negative and positive affect. Our results suggested that daily mindfulness was associated with lower negative and higher positive affect whereas the converse pattern was found for daily emotion suppression; cognitive reappraisal was related to daily positive, but not negative affect...
August 12, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
Andreas Fink, Elisabeth M Weiss, Ursula Schwarzl, Hannelore Weber, Vera Loureiro de Assunção, Christian Rominger, Günter Schulter, Helmut K Lackner, Ilona Papousek
Neuroscientific studies in the field of creativity mainly focused on tasks drawing on basic verbal divergent thinking demands. This study took a step further by investigating brain mechanisms in response to other types of creative behavior, involving more "real-life" creativity demands in the context of emotion regulation and well-being. Specifically, functional patterns of EEG alpha activity were investigated while participants were required to generate as many and as different ways as possible to reappraise presented anger-eliciting situations in a manner that reduces their anger...
September 28, 2016: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
Anne Schienle, Sonja Übel, Albert Wabnegger
Cognitive reappraisal and placebo administration constitute two different approaches for modulating one's own emotional state. Whereas reappraisal is an explicit (effortful) type of self-regulation, placebo treatment initiates implicit processes of affective control. The brain mechanisms underlying these processes have not been directly compared with each other up until now; doing this enables the identification of distinct and shared neuronal features.We conducted a functional magnetic resonance imaging study with forty-five women, who were presented with disgusting and neutral images in a block design, at three experimental sessions, over three consecutive days...
September 23, 2016: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
Nadia Garnefski, Vivian Kraaij
The aim of this study was to examine the extent to which cognitive emotion regulation strategies were "common or transdiagnostic correlates" of symptoms of depression and anxiety and/or "specific correlates" distinguishing one problem category from the other. The sample comprised 582 13- to 16-year-old secondary school students. Symptoms of depression and anxiety were measured by the SCL-90, and cognitive emotion regulation strategies were measured by the CERQ, in a cross-sectional design. Multivariate regression analyses were performed...
September 20, 2016: Cognition & Emotion
Cornelia Măirean
The aim of the present study is to examine the relationships between two emotion regulation strategies (cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression), secondary traumatic stress, and compassion satisfaction in a sample of 190 healthcare providers. Another aim of this study is to examine if the relations between emotion regulation strategies and traumatic stress symptoms are moderated by compassion satisfaction. The respondents volunteered to take part in the research and completed self-reporting measures describing the use of emotional regulation strategies, the symptoms of secondary traumatic stress, and the compassion satisfaction...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Psychology
Lotte Veenstra, Iris K Schneider, Sander L Koole
Previous work has shown that a stooped posture may activate negative mood. Extending this work, the present experiments examine how stooped body posture influences recovery from pre-existing negative mood. In Experiment 1 (n   =   229), participants were randomly assigned to receive either a negative or neutral mood induction, after which participants were instructed to take either a stooped, straight, or control posture while writing down their thoughts. Stooped posture (compared to straight or control postures) led to less mood recovery in the negative mood condition, and more negative mood in the neutral mood condition...
September 14, 2016: Cognition & Emotion
Linda P Juang, Ursula Moffitt, Su Yeong Kim, Richard M Lee, José Angel Soto, Eric Hurley, Robert S Weisskirch, Shelley A Blozis, Linda G Castillo, Que-Lam Huynh, Susan Krauss Whitborne
OBJECTIVE: We examined whether two key emotion regulation strategies, cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression, moderated the relations between discrimination (i.e., foreigner objectification and general denigration) and adjustment. METHODS: Participants were U.S. Latino/a and Asian-heritage college students (N = 1,279, 67% female, 72% U.S. born) from the Multi-Site University Study of Identity and Culture (MUSIC). Students completed online self-report surveys in 2009...
September 3, 2016: Journal of Adolescence
Liyang Sai, Sichen Luo, Anne Ward, Biao Sang
The process model of emotion regulation posits that the tendency to use cognitive reappraisal is associated with positive outcomes (e.g., greater positive emotion) while the tendency to use expressive suppression is associated with adverse outcomes (e.g., greater negative emotion). Many studies using adult samples support this theory. However, the development of the tendency to use cognitive reappraisal/expressive suppression and how these tendencies relate to depressive symptoms in adolescents remain unclear...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
César Romero-Rebollar, Luis Jiménez-Ángeles, Eduardo Antonio Dragustinovis-Ruiz, Verónica Medina-Bañuelos
Emotional processing has an important role in social interaction. We report the findings about the Independent Component Analysis carried out on a fMRI set obtained with a paradigm of face emotional processing. The results showed that an independent component, mainly cerebellar-medial-frontal, had a positive modulation associated with fear processing. Also, another independent component, mainly parahippocampal-prefrontal, showed a negative modulation that could be associated with implicit reappraisal of emotional stimuli...
2016: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
Allison S Troy, Brett Q Ford, Kateri McRae, Pareezad Zarolia, Iris B Mauss
Emotion regulation is central to psychological health, and several emotion-regulation strategies have been identified as beneficial. However, new theorizing suggests the benefits of emotion regulation should depend on its context. One important contextual moderator might be socioeconomic status (SES), because SES powerfully shapes people's ecology: lower SES affords less control over one's environment and thus, the ability to self-regulate should be particularly important. Accordingly, effectively regulating one's emotions (e...
August 25, 2016: Emotion
Jacklynn M Fitzgerald, Annmarie MacNamara, Amy E Kennedy, Christine A Rabinak, Sheila A M Rauch, Israel Liberzon, K Luan Phan
BACKGROUND: Veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) exhibit marked deficits in emotion regulation. Past research has demonstrated underengagement of the prefrontal cortex during regulation of negative affect in those with PTSD, but has been unable to find evidence of impaired downregulation of the amygdala. One possibility is that there exists variability in amygdala reactivity that cuts across diagnostic status and which can be characterized using a continuous measure of individual differences...
August 25, 2016: Depression and Anxiety
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