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Emotional reactivity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156361/non-suicidal-self-injury-in-referred-adolescents-with-mood-disorders-and-its-association-with-cyclothymic-hypersensitive-temperament
#1
Gabriele Masi, Annarita Milone, Anna Rita Montesanto, Elena Valente, Simone Pisano
BACKGROUND: Non suicidal self-injuries (NSSIs) are deliberate self-harm behaviors without suicidal intent, usually starting in adolescence, with increasing rates of occurrence both in epidemiological and clinical samples. Several studies associated cyclothymic-hypersensitive temperament (CHT) with self-harm behaviors and suicidal risk. Aim of this study is to explore the association between NSSIs and CHT in a clinical sample of adolescents. We hypothesized that CHT may differentiate NSSI from non-NSSI adolescents with mood disorders, when other psychopathological features are controlled for...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156359/emotion-regulation-deficits-in-persons-with-body-focused-repetitive-behavior-disorders
#2
Jennifer R Alexander, David C Houghton, Christopher C Bauer, Heather C Lench, Douglas W Woods
BACKGROUND: Conceptualizations of emotion dysregulation (ED) and body-focused repetitive behavior disorders (BFRBDs) imply that ED may be a central component of BFRBDs as well as a factor that distinguishes BFRBDs from non-impairing, subclinical body-focused repetitive behaviors (BFRBs). The current study empirically tested these observations. METHODS: One hundred thirty-eight undergraduates (of 1900 who completed a screening survey) completed self-report measures assessing four emotion regulation (ER) deficits hypothesized to underlie ED (alexithymia, maladaptive emotional reactivity, experiential avoidance, and response inhibition when distressed); 34 of these participants had BFRBDs, 64 had subclinical BFRBs, and 42 were unaffected by BFRBs...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154592/college-females-with-maltreatment-histories-have-atypical-autonomic-regulation-and-poor-psychological-wellbeing
#3
Lourdes P Dale, Samia K Shaikh, Laura C Fasciano, Vanessa D Watorek, Keri J Heilman, Stephen W Porges
OBJECTIVES: This study uniquely examined the impact of maltreatment (without a diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD]) on physiological responses to a physical and an emotional stressor. The study sample was composed exclusively of women, because men may differ in maltreatment experience and neural regulation of physiological reactivity. METHOD: Participants were 60 female college students. A significant proportion of the participants reported experiencing childhood maltreatment without a history of PTSD...
November 20, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154589/down-regulation-of-amygdala-response-to-infant-crying-a-role-for-distraction-in-maternal-emotion-regulation
#4
Christine Firk, Brigitte Dahmen, Christin Lehmann, Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Kerstin Konrad
Infant crying elicits caregiving behaviors, which are indispensable for fulfilling the infant's needs. However, infant crying can also evoke negative and angry feelings in the caregiver. Therefore, parents need to regulate their own negative emotions to infant crying to sensitively respond to the distressed infant. Thus, the current study aims to examine the neural basis of emotional reactivity and emotional regulation in response to infant crying using functional MRI in primiparous mothers (N = 26). Amygdala activation in response to infant crying was negatively associated with maternal sensitivity and maternal nonhostility during mother-infant interaction...
November 20, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148160/chronic-parenting-stress-and-mood-reactivity-the-role-of-sleep-quality
#5
Chelsea da Estrela, Erin T Barker, Sarah Lantagne, Jean-Philippe Gouin
Sleep is a basic biological process supporting emotion regulation. The emotion regulation function of sleep may be particularly important in the context of chronic stress. To better understand how chronic stress and sleep interact to predict mood, 66 parents of children with autism completed daily diaries assessing parenting stress, negative mood, and sleep quality for 6 consecutive days. Hierarchical linear modelling revealed that daily negative mood was predicted by between-person differences in parenting stress and between-person differences in sleep efficiency...
November 17, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144222/child-language-and-parenting-antecedents-and-externalizing-outcomes-of-emotion-regulation-pathways-across-early-childhood-a-person-centered-approach
#6
Jason José Bendezú, Pamela M Cole, Patricia Z Tan, Laura Marie Armstrong, Elizabeth B Reitz, Rachel M Wolf
Decreases in children's anger reactivity because of the onset of their autonomous use of strategies characterizes the prevailing model of the development of emotion regulation in early childhood (Kopp, 1989). There is, however, limited evidence of the varied pathways that mark this development and their proposed antecedents and consequences. This study used a person-centered approach to identify such pathways, antecedents, and outcomes. A sample of 120 children from economically strained rural and semirural households were observed while waiting to open a gift at ages 24, 36, and 48 months...
November 16, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140534/divergent-effects-of-oxytocin-on-para-limbic-reactivity-to-emotional-and-neutral-scenes-in-females-with-and-without-borderline-personality-disorder
#7
Alexander Lischke, Sabine C Herpertz, Christoph Berger, Gregor Domes, Matthias Gamer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122638/neural-indices-of-emotional-reactivity-and-regulation-predict-course-of-ptsd-symptoms-in-combat-exposed-veterans
#8
Jacklynn M Fitzgerald, Stephanie M Gorka, Autumn Kujawa, Julia A DiGangi, Eric Proescher, Justin E Greenstein, Darrin M Aase, Christopher Schroth, Kaveh Afshar, Amy E Kennedy, Greg Hajcak, K Luan Phan
After diagnosis, veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) display significant variability in the natural course of illness (Bonanno et al., 2012)). Cross-sectional work reveals that abnormal neural response during emotion reactivity-measured using the late positive potential (LPP)-correlates with PTSD symptom severity; however, whether the LPP during emotional reactivity and regulation predicts symptoms over time is unknown. The current study examined the LPP during emotion reactivity and regulation as predictors of PTSD symptoms over one year in OEF/OIF/OND combat-exposed veterans...
November 6, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122033/how-dare-you-not-recognize-the-role-of-my-contempt-insight-from-experimental-psychopathology
#9
Alessandro Grecucci, Jon Frederickson, Remo Job
Gervais & Fessler argue that contempt is an attitude state defined as a lack of respect that potentiates the activation and deactivation of two different clusters of emotions. However, clinical and experimental findings do not support this view. We provide evidence that contempt is not an emotion, nor an attitude, but a reactive defensive mechanism evolved to help individuals avoid shame.
January 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118319/cortisol-responses-enhance-negative-valence-perception-for-ambiguous-facial-expressions
#10
Catherine C Brown, Candace M Raio, Maital Neta
Stress exposure elicits a prolonged neuroendocrine response, marked by cortisol release, which can influence important forms of affective decision-making. Identifying how stress reactivity shapes subjective biases in decisions about emotional ambiguity (i.e., valence bias) provides insight into the role stress plays in basic affective processing for healthy and clinical populations alike. Here, we sought to examine how stress reactivity affects valence decisions about emotional ambiguity. Given that stress prioritizes automatic emotional processing which, in the context of valence bias, is associated with increased negativity, we tested how individual differences in acute stress responses influence valence bias and how this decision process evolves over time...
November 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117647/personality-changes-following-brain-artery-aneurysm-surgery
#11
Ljiljana Pačić-Turk, Tena Šulentić, Ana Havelka Meštrović, Josip Paladino, Goran Mrak
Neuropsychological testing of patients in the course of their recovery from brain injuries enables analysis of cognitive deficiencies and/or emotional changes. The principle study objective was to define organic and/or reactive personality changes and the course of these changes in the function of the time span following brain artery aneurysm surgery in both female and male patients. The study was carried out at the Clinical Department of Neurosurgery, Zagreb University Hospital Center in Zagreb. The data refer to the period from 1989 to 2012 collected in two time intervals, i...
December 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116816/can-dogs-assist-children-with-severe-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-complying-with-challenging-demands-an-exploratory-experiment-with-a-live-and-a-robotic-dog
#12
Karine Silva, Mariely Lima, André Santos-Magalhães, Carla Fafiães, Liliana de Sousa
OBJECTIVES: Prompted by the need to find effective ways to enhance compliance in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and building on the increasing interest in dog-assisted interventions for this population, this study provides an exploratory test on whether dogs may assist children with severe ASD in complying with challenging demands while also decreasing behavioral and cardiovascular distress. DESIGN: A within-subject design was used. Depending on condition, participants were allowed to engage with a particular stimulus-their preferred toy, a live dog, or a robotic dog-before being exposed to a demanding task in which they had to wait for permission to eat a desired food item ("prohibition task")...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114236/patterns-of-joint-improvisation-in-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
Rachel-Shlomit Brezis, Lior Noy, Tali Alony, Rachel Gotlieb, Rachel Cohen, Yulia Golland, Nava Levit-Binnun
Recent research on autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) suggests that individuals with autism may have a basic deficit in synchronizing with others, and that this difficulty may lead to more complex social and communicative deficits. Here, we examined synchronization during an open-ended joint improvisation (JI) paradigm, called the mirror game (MG). In the MG, two players take turns leading, following, and jointly improvising motion using two handles set on parallel tracks, while their motion tracks are recorded with high temporal and spatial resolution...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114103/association-of-serotonin-transporter-gene-alujb-methylation-with-major-depression-amygdala-responsiveness-5-httlpr-rs25531-polymorphism-and-stress
#14
Ilona Schneider, Harald Kugel, Ronny Redlich, Dominik Grotegerd, Christian Bürger, Paul-Christian Bürkner, Nils Opel, Katharina Dohm, Dario Zaremba, Susanne Meinert, Nina Schröder, Anna Milena Straßburg, Kathrin Schwarte, Christiane Schettler, Oliver Ambrée, Stephan Rust, Katharina Domschke, Volker Arolt, Walter Heindel, Bernhard T Baune, Weiqi Zhang, Udo Dannlowski, Christa Hohoff
DNA methylation profiles of the serotonin transporter gene (SLC6A4) have been shown to alter SLC6A4 expression, drive antidepressant treatment response and modify brain functions. This study investigated whether methylation of an AluJb element in the SLC6A4 promotor was associated with major depressive disorder (MDD), amygdala reactivity to emotional faces, 5-HTTLPR/rs25531 polymorphism, and recent stress. MDD patients (n=122) and healthy controls (HC, n=176) underwent fMRI during an emotional face-matching task...
November 7, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111422/shorter-sleep-duration-and-longer-sleep-onset-latency-are-related-to-difficulty-disengaging-attention-from-negative-emotional-images-in-individuals-with-elevated-transdiagnostic-repetitive-negative-thinking
#15
Jacob A Nota, Meredith E Coles
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Repetitive negative thinking (RNT) is often associated with disruptions in sleep and circadian rhythms. Disruptions in sleep and circadian rhythms may deal a "second hit" to attentional control deficits. This study evaluated whether sleep and circadian rhythm disruptions are related to the top-down control of attention to negative stimuli in individuals with heightened repetitive negative thinking. METHODS: Fifty-two community adults with high levels of transdiagnostic RNT and varying habitual sleep durations and bedtimes participated in a hybrid free-viewing and directed attention task using pairs of emotionally-evocative and neutral images while eye-tracking data were collected...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107937/avoidance-in-posttraumatic-stress-among-refugee-survivors-of-violent-conflict-and-atrocities-testing-trans-cultural-risk-processes-and-candidate-intervention-targets
#16
Kim Yuval, Amit Bernstein
BACKGROUND: A fast-growing population of refugees and survivors of violent conflict and atrocities are at risk for trauma-related mental health problems. Experimental clinical research key to the development of interventions tailored to this population is limited. AIMS: In an experimental psychopathology laboratory paradigm, we tested the expression and function of avoidance in posttraumatic stress (PTS) among a highly traumatized community sample of forcibly displaced refugees seeking asylum...
October 21, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107798/parent-emotion-socialization-and-pre-adolescent-s-social-and-emotional-adjustment-moderating-effects-of-autonomic-nervous-system-reactivity
#17
Julia D McQuade, Rosanna P Breaux
This study examined whether measures of children's autonomic nervous system (ANS) reactivity to social stress moderated the effect of parent emotion socialization on children's social and emotional adjustment. Sixty-one children (9 to 13 years) completed a peer rejection task while their respiratory sinus arrhythmia reactivity (RSA-R) and skin conductance level reactivity (SCL-R) were assessed. Parents' report of supportive and non-supportive reactions to their child's negative emotions served as measures of emotion socialization...
October 28, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105895/a-dimensional-approach-to-determine-common-and-specific-neurofunctional-markers-for-depression-and-social-anxiety-during-emotional-face-processing
#18
Lizhu Luo, Benjamin Becker, Xiaoxiao Zheng, Zhiying Zhao, Xiaolei Xu, Feng Zhou, Jiaojian Wang, Juan Kou, Jing Dai, Keith M Kendrick
Major depression disorder (MDD) and anxiety disorder are both prevalent and debilitating. High rates of comorbidity between MDD and social anxiety disorder (SAD) suggest common pathological pathways, including aberrant neural processing of interpersonal signals. In patient populations, the determination of common and distinct neurofunctional markers of MDD and SAD is often hampered by confounding factors, such as generally elevated anxiety levels and disorder-specific brain structural alterations. This study employed a dimensional disorder approach to map neurofunctional markers associated with levels of depression and social anxiety symptoms in a cohort of 91 healthy subjects using an emotional face processing paradigm...
November 6, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105504/emotional-reactivity-and-blood-pressure-elevations-anxiety-as-a-mediator
#19
Chuka Mike Ifeagwazi, Helen Eleh Egberi, JohnBosco Chika Chukwuorji
There is a strong link between emotional reactivity and hypertension, yet little research to date has examined mediators of this relationship. Our study  investigated the mediating role of anxiety on the relationship between emotional reactivity and blood pressure elevations. Participants were 226 hypertensive patients (93 men and 133 women, Mean age = 53.09, SD = 13.88 years), purposively drawn from the General Outpatient Department in University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar, Nigeria.  Measures for data collection were Emotional Reactivity Scale, State Trait Anxiety Inventory, and the Mercury Sphygmomanometer...
November 6, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105204/emotional-reactivity-and-appraisal-of-food-in-relation-to-eating-disorder-cognitions-and-behaviours-evidence-to-support-the-motivational-conflict-hypothesis
#20
Sarah E Racine, Karen R Hebert, Stephen D Benning
Eating disorders are associated with both negative and positive emotional reactions towards food. Individual eating disorder symptoms may relate to distinct emotional responses to food, which could necessitate tailored treatments based on symptom presentation. We examined associations between eating disorder symptoms and psychophysiological responses to food versus neutral images in 87 college students [mean (SD) age = 19.70 (2.09); mean (SD) body mass index = 23.25(2.77)]. Reflexive and facial electromyography measures tapping negative emotional reactivity (startle blink reflex) and appraisal (corrugator muscle response) as well as positive emotional reactivity (postauricular reflex) and appraisal (zygomaticus muscle response) were collected...
November 3, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
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