keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Emotional reactivity

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811079/neuroleptic-free-youth-at-ultrahigh-risk-for-psychosis-evidence-diminished-emotion-reactivity-that-is-predicted-by-depression-and-anxiety
#1
June Gruber, Gregory P Strauss, Laure Dombrecht, Vijay A Mittal
Although abnormalities in emotional response have long been considered a core feature of the chronic phase of schizophrenia, few investigations have examined emotional response in individuals at ultrahigh-risk (UHR) for psychosis. We investigated whether neuroleptic-free UHR (n=29) and healthy control (n=32) participants differed in emotional reactivity and emotion regulation on a laboratory-based task that required reporting levels of positive and negative affect to pleasant, unpleasant, and neutral stimuli...
August 12, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810074/preliminary-data-on-the-role-of-emotional-intelligence-in-moderating-the-link-between-psychopathy-and-aggression-in-a-nonforensic-sample
#2
Tiziana Lanciano, Antonietta Curci, Francesca Guglielmi, Emanuela Soleti, Ignazio Grattagliano
This short report presents preliminary data on the role of emotional intelligence (EI) in moderating the relationship between psychopathy and aggression in a nonforensic sample. A sample of 109 volunteer men was administered the Psychopathic Personality Inventory-Revised (PPI-R), the Reactive-Proactive Aggression Questionnaire, and the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso emotional intelligence Test in individual sessions. Correlation and moderation analyzes showed that, at low levels of EI (in terms of strategic ability to understand and manage one's own and others' emotions), people scoring high on the total PPI-R and impulsivity dimension seemed to be both reactively and proactively aggressive...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789856/age-related-differences-in-stress-responsiveness-of-the-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-of-nonhuman-primates-with-various-types-of-adaptive-behavior
#3
Nadezhda D Goncharova, Tamara E Oganyan
Aging is characterized by disturbances in the functioning of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, associated with disturbances in the adaptation processes and increase of the probability of the onset of post-stress syndrome. However, the individual features of age-related disorders stress reactivity of HPA axis have not been studied. The purpose was to study individual characteristics of the HPA axis responsiveness to acute psycho-emotional stress exposure (restraint, ASE) at different age periods on the model of the young adult and old physically healthy female rhesus monkeys that differ in their behavioral responses to stress, i...
August 5, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776580/effect-of-citalopram-on-emotion-processing-in-humans-a-combined-5-ht1a-11-c-cumi-101-pet-and-functional-mri-study
#4
Sudhakar Selvaraj, Chris Walker, Danilo Arnone, Bo Cao, Paul Faulkner, Philip J Cowen, Jonathan P Roiser, Oliver Howes
A subset of patients started on a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) initially experience increased anxiety, which can lead to early discontinuation before therapeutic effects are manifest. The neural basis of this early SSRI effect is not known. Presynaptic dorsal raphe neuron (DRN) 5-HT1A receptors are known to play a critical role in affect processing. Thus we investigated the effect of acute citalopram on emotional processing and the relationship between DRN 5-HT1A receptor availability and amygdala reactivity...
August 4, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774223/age-related-differences-in-affective-and-cognitive-empathy-self-report-and-performance-based-evidence
#5
Binghai Sun, Zhenbing Luo, Wenwen Zhang, Weijian Li, Xinyu Li
The correlation between age and empathy is not clear, with prior findings yielding mixed and inconsistent results. Here, we distinguished between two aspects of empathy and respectively investigated the effects of age on the affective and cognitive facets of empathy using a self-report measure (interpersonal reactivity index, IRI) and performance-based tasks (viewing films). The results showed that older adults manifested age-related deficits in both trait and state cognitive empathy, with the latter being positively associated with memory...
August 4, 2017: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772208/structural-brain-correlates-of-interpersonal-violence-systematic-review-and-voxel-based-meta-analysis-of-neuroimaging-studies
#6
REVIEW
Jelle Lamsma, Clare Mackay, Seena Fazel
Owing to inconsistent nomenclature and results, we have undertaken a label-based review and anatomical likelihood estimation (ALE) meta-analysis of studies measuring the quantitative association between regional grey matter (GM) volume and interpersonal violence. Following PRISMA guidelines, we identified studies by searching 3 online databases (Embase, Medline, PsycInfo) and reference lists. Thirty-five studies were included in the label-based review, providing information for 1288 participants and 86 brain regions...
July 27, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770618/the-role-of-personality-in-the-assessment-of-subjective-and-physiological-emotional-reactivity-a-comparison-between-younger-and-older-adults
#7
Priska Steenhaut, Ineke Demeyer, Rudi De Raedt, Gina Rossi
This study brings more clarity on the inconsistent findings on emotional reactivity differences between older (OA) and younger (YA) adults, by examining the influence of (mal)adaptive personality traits on emotional reactivity and by applying several assessment methods. We recruited 60 YA (25-50 years) and 60 OA (65+ years) from a nonclinical population. We used Visual Analogue Scales to measure subjective reactivity, and facial electromyography (corrugator and zygomaticus reactivity), heart rate, heart rate variability, and skin conductance level to assess physiological reactivity during happy and sad film clips...
August 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766772/vii-developmental-trajectories-of-children-s-emotional-reactivity-after-the-birth-of-a-sibling
#8
Patty X Kuo, Brenda L Volling, Richard Gonzalez, Wonjung Oh, Tianyi Yu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763718/lifetime-ptsd-and-geriatric-depression-symptomatology-relate-to-altered-dorsomedial-frontal-and-amygdala-morphometry
#9
Lindsay K Knight, Farah Naaz, Teodora Stoica, Brendan E Depue
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) affects a large portion of combat deployed Veterans. Moreover, many individuals also suffer from comorbid late life depression (geriatric depression; GD). While a great deal of research has begun to characterize the morphometric features of PTSD and depression individually, few studies have investigated the interacting effect of these two disorders, specifically in a Veteran population. The current study used cortical and subcortical surface-based morphometry (SBM) in combination with psychological assessments of PTSD and GD symptom severity to examine morphometric alterations in Vietnam War Veterans...
July 25, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762874/reactivation-of-hyperglycemia-induced-hypocretin-hcrt-gene-silencing-by-n-acetyl-d-mannosamine-in-the-orexin-neurons-derived-from-human-ips-cells
#10
Koji Hayakawa, Yasuharu Sakamoto, Osamu Kanie, Atsuko Ohtake, Shusaku Daikoku, Yukishige Ito, Kunio Shiota
Orexin neurons regulate critical brain activities for controlling sleep, eating, emotions, and metabolism, and impaired orexin neuron function results in several neurological disorders. Therefore, restoring normal orexin function and understanding the mechanisms of loss or impairment of orexin neurons represent important goals. As a step toward that end, we generated human orexin neurons from induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) by treatment with N-acetyl-d-mannosamine (ManNAc) and its derivatives. The generation of orexin neurons was associated with DNA hypomethylation, histone H3/H4 hyperacetylation, and hypo-O-GlcNAcylation on the HCRT gene locus, and, thereby, the treatment of inhibitors of SIRT1 and OGT were effective at inducing orexin neurons from hiPSCs...
August 1, 2017: Epigenetics: Official Journal of the DNA Methylation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759973/reduced-empathy-scores-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-non-motor-symptom-associated-with-advanced-disease-stages
#11
Nele Schmidt, Laura Paschen, Günther Deuschl, Karsten Witt
BACKGROUND: Empathy describes the ability to infer and share emotional experiences of other people and is a central component of normal social functioning. Impaired empathy might be a non-motor symptom in Parkinson's disease (PD). OBJECTIVE: To examine empathic abilities and their relationship to clinical and cognitive functioning in PD patients. METHODS: Empathy was measured in 75 non-demented PD patients and 34 age-matched healthy controls using a German version of the Interpersonal Reactivity Index...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756011/impact-of-posttraumatic-stress-symptom-dimensions-on-amygdala-reactivity-to-emotional-faces
#12
Lynne Lieberman, Stephanie M Gorka, Julia A DiGangi, Alyssa Frederick, K Luan Phan
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is highly prevalent and associated with impairment, even at the subthreshold level. It is therefore important to identify biological processes that contribute to the pathophysiology of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). Although neuroimaging research has highlighted the importance of heightened amygdala reactivity to aversive stimuli in PTSS, not all studies have yielded evidence of this relationship. Given that PTSS is comprised of four, factor analytically distinct dimensions of symptoms - re-experiencing, avoidance, hyperarousal, and negative cognitions and mood - it is possible that heightened amygdala reactivity to aversive stimuli is specific to certain PTSS clusters...
July 26, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754276/physiological-correlates-of-emotional-reactivity-and-regulation-in-early-adolescents
#13
Melissa D Latham, Nina Cook, Julian G Simmons, Michelle L Byrne, Jonathan W L Kettle, Orli Schwartz, Nandita Vijayakumar, Sarah Whittle, Nicholas B Allen
Few studies have examined physiological correlates of emotional reactivity and regulation in adolescents, despite the occurrence in this group of significant developmental changes in emotional functioning. The current study employed multiple physiological measures (i.e., startle-elicited eyeblink and ERP, skin conductance, facial EMG) to assess the emotional reactivity and regulation of 113 early adolescents in response to valenced images. Reactivity was measured while participants viewed images, and regulation was measured when they were asked to discontinue or maintain their emotional reactions to the images...
July 25, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752373/skin-manifestations-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-and-spondyloarthritides
#14
REVIEW
Carolyn Jean Chua-Aguilera, Burkhard Möller, Nikhil Yawalkar
Extra-articular manifestations of rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, and various spondyloarthritides including psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, reactive arthritis, and inflammatory bowel disease-associated spondyloarthritis often involve the skin and may occur before or after diagnosis of these rheumatic diseases. Cutaneous manifestations encompass a wide range of reactions that may have a notable negative impact not only on the physical but especially on the emotional and psychosocial well-being of these patients...
July 27, 2017: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751128/trajectories-of-schizotypy-and-their-emotional-and-social-functioning-an-18-month-follow-up-study
#15
Yi Wang, Hai-Song Shi, Wen-Hua Liu, Dong-Jie Xie, Fu-Lei Geng, Chao Yan, Ya Wang, Ya-Hui Xiao, Suzanne H W So, Chui-De Chiu, Patrick W L Leung, Eric F C Cheung, Diane C Gooding, Raymond C K Chan
Schizotypy is a set of personality traits that convey liability to develop schizophrenia. Studying schizotypy in healthy individuals may facilitate the understanding of the psychopathological processes underlying schizophrenia. The present study aimed to examine the developmental trajectories of schizotypy over time using a longitudinal study design. The Chapman Scales for Psychosis Proneness were administered to 1541 college students at baseline, and subsequently at six-monthly intervals up to 18months. Latent class growth analysis was conducted to track the different trajectories...
July 24, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748496/huperzine-a-alleviates-neuroinflammation-oxidative-stress-and-improves-cognitive-function-after-repetitive-traumatic-brain-injury
#16
Zhengrong Mei, Peiying Zheng, Xiangping Tan, Ying Wang, Bing Situ
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) may trigger secondary injury cascades including endoplasmic reticulum stress, oxidative stress, and neuroinflammation. Unfortunately, there are no effective treatments targeting either primary or secondary injuries that result in long-term detrimental consequences. Huperzine A (HupA) is a potent acetylcholinesterase inhibitor (AChEI) that has been used treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). This study aimed to explore the neuroprotective effects of HupA in TBI and its possible mechanisms...
July 26, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744913/aggression-related-brain-function-assessed-with-the-point-subtraction-aggression-paradigm-in-fmri
#17
Anine P Skibsted, Sofi da Cunha-Bang, Justin M Carré, Adam E Hansen, Vincent Beliveau, Gitte M Knudsen, Patrick M Fisher
The Point Subtraction Aggression Paradigm (PSAP) measures aggressive behavior in response to provocations. The aim of the study was to implement the PSAP in a functional neuroimaging environment (fMRI) and evaluate aggression-related brain reactivity including response to provocations and associations with aggression within the paradigm. Twenty healthy participants completed two 12-min PSAP sessions within the scanner. We evaluated brain responses to aggressive behavior (removing points from an opponent), provocations (point subtractions by the opponent), and winning points...
July 25, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743565/cognitive-and-emotional-impairments-after-cutaneous-intoxication-by-cees-a-sulfur-mustard-analog-in-mice
#18
Fanny Gros-Désormeaux, Daniel Béracochéa, Frédéric Dorandeu, Christophe Piérard
Cognitive and emotional disorders have been reported in veterans intoxicated with sulfur mustard (SM) a chemical weapon belonging to the category of vesicating agents. However, the intense stress associated with the SM intoxication may render difficult determining the exact role played by SM intoxication itself on the emergence and maintaining of cognitive disorders. Animal's model would allow overcoming this issue. So far, we presently investigated the cognitive and emotional impact of an acute cutaneous intoxication with CEES (2-chloroethyl ethyl sulfide), a SM analog in C57/Bl6 mice...
July 22, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742874/the-relationship-between-early-and-late-event-related-potentials-and-temperament-in-adolescents-with-and-without-adhd
#19
Brittany R Alperin, Hanna Gustafsson, Christiana Smith, Sarah L Karalunas
Differences in emotional processing are prevalent in adolescents with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and are related to clinical impairment, but substantial heterogeneity exists. Within ADHD, some individuals experience difficulty with positive/approach emotions, negative/withdrawal emotions, or both. These problems may reflect differences in emotional reactivity, emotion regulation, or a combination, and the neurophysiological correlates remain unclear. Event-related potentials were collected from 109 adolescents (49 with ADHD) while they completed an emotional go/no-go task with three conditions: happy (positive/approach), fear (negative/withdrawal), and neutral...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739247/difficulties-with-emotion-regulation-moderate-the-association-between-childhood-history-of-maltreatment-and-cortisol-reactivity-to-psychosocial-challenge-in-postpartum-women
#20
Gillian England-Mason, Melissa Kimber, Jennifer Khoury, Leslie Atkinson, Harriet MacMillan, Andrea Gonzalez
Exposure to child maltreatment can lead to long-term emotional difficulties and dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. However, no prior work has examined emotion regulation as a moderator of the association between childhood history of maltreatment and cortisol response to psychosocial challenge. Amongst a sample of 140 postpartum women, associations between childhood maltreatment, emotion regulation, and cortisol response to a computerized Emotional Stroop paradigm were examined using structural equation modeling...
August 4, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
keyword
keyword
25613
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"