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Emotional reactivity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924493/evaluating-emotional-and-biological-sensitivity-to-maternal-behavior-among-self-injuring-and-depressed-adolescent-girls-using-nonlinear-dynamics
#1
Sheila E Crowell, Jonathan E Butner, Travis J Wiltshire, Ascher K Munion, Mona Yaptangco, Theodore P Beauchaine
High sensitivity and reactivity to behaviors of family members characterizes several forms of psychopathology, including self-inflicted injury (SII). We examined mother-daughter behavioral and psychophysiological reactivity during a conflict discussion using nonlinear dynamics to assess asymmetrical associations within time-series data. Depressed, SII, and control adolescents and their mothers participated (n=76 dyads). We expected that (1) mothers' evocative behaviors would affect behavioral and psychophysiological reactivity among depressed and, especially, SII adolescents, (2) adolescents' behaviors would not evoke mothers' behavioral or physiological reactivity, and (3) control teens and mothers would be less reactive, with no dynamic associations in either direction...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922007/attachment-based-family-therapy-and-individual-emotion-focused-therapy-for-unresolved-anger-qualitative-analysis-of-treatment-outcomes-and-change-processes
#2
Ravit Steinmann, Inbal Gat, Ofir Nir-Gottlieb, Ben Shahar, Gary M Diamond
Twenty-six clients who received 10 sessions of either attachment-based family therapy (ABFT) or individual emotion-focused therapy (EFT) for unresolved anger toward a parent were interviewed 6 months after completing treatment. Interviews were analyzed using the consensual qualitative research approach. Clients in both conditions reported improved relationships with parents, gaining a new perspective of their parent, increased compassion toward parent, less reactivity to anger, feeling cleaned-out, and acquiring new coping strategies...
September 2017: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914102/5-httlpr-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-bdnf-gene-interactions-and-early-adverse-life-events-effect-on-impulsivity-in-suicide-attempters
#3
Luis Jiménez-Treviño, Pilar Alejandra Saiz, Maria Paz García-Portilla, Hilario Blasco-Fontecilla, Vladimir Carli, Miriam Iosue, Isabelle Jaussent, Jorge López-Castroman, Concepcion Vaquero-Lorenzo, Marco Sarchiapone, Enrique Baca-García, Philippe Courtet, Julio Bobes
OBJECTIVES: An expanding body of research suggests that childhood adverse experiences can lead to different negative health outcomes, including attempted suicide. Serotonergic genes such as the promoter region of the serotonin transporter gene (5-HTTLPR) have been associated both with impulsivity in suicide attempts and reactivity to environmental stress exposure. BDNF gene may play an epigenetic role. METHODS: We studied the influence of childhood stressful events and 5-HTTLPR genotype on impulsivity measured by Barratt Impulsivity Scale (BIS-10) in a multicentre sample of 1,655 suicide attempters (69...
September 15, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912089/vocal-correlates-of-emotional-reactivity-within-and-across-contexts-in-domestic-pigs-sus-scrofa
#4
Lisette M C Leliveld, Sandra Düpjan, Armin Tuchscherer, Birger Puppe
Vocalizations have long been recognized to encode information about an individual's emotional state and, as such, have contributed to the study of emotions in animals. However, the potential of vocalizations to also encode information about an individual's emotional reactivity has received much less attention. In this study, we aimed to test whether the vocalizations of domestic pigs contain correlates of emotional reactivity that are consistent between different contexts. We recorded vocalizations of 120 young female pigs in an experimental arena in two consecutive recording contexts, social isolation and an encounter with a familiar human...
September 11, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895129/the-role-of-sustained-attention-maternal-sensitivity-and-infant-temperament-in-the-development-of-early-self-regulation
#5
Matilda A Frick, Tommie Forslund, Mari Fransson, Maria Johansson, Gunilla Bohlin, Karin C Brocki
This study investigated infant predictors of early cognitive and emotional self-regulation from an intrinsic and caregiving environmental perspective. Sustained attention, reactive aspects of infant temperament, and maternal sensitivity were assessed at 10 months (n = 124) and early self-regulation (including executive functions, EF, and emotion regulation) was assessed at 18 months. The results indicated that sustained attention predicted early EF, which provide empirical support for the hierarchical framework of EF development, advocating early attention as a foundation for the development of cognitive self-regulation...
September 12, 2017: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894106/heightened-aversion-to-risk-and-loss-in-depressed-patients-with-a-suicide-attempt-history
#6
Kwangyeol Baek, JaeHyung Kwon, Jeong-Ho Chae, Yong An Chung, Jerald D Kralik, Jung-Ah Min, HyuJung Huh, Kyung Mook Choi, Kuk-In Jang, Na-Bin Lee, Sunyoung Kim, Bradley S Peterson, Jaeseung Jeong
Suicide attempters have been found to be impaired in decision-making; however, their specific biases in evaluating uncertain outcomes remain unclear. Here we tested the hypothesis that suicidal behavior is associated with heightened aversion to risk and loss, which might produce negative predictions about uncertain future events. Forty-five depressed patients with a suicide attempt history, 47 nonsuicidal depressed patients, and 75 healthy controls participated in monetary decision-making tasks assessing risk and loss aversion...
September 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892057/reactivations-of-emotional-memory-in-the-hippocampus-amygdala-system-during-sleep
#7
Gabrielle Girardeau, Ingrid Inema, György Buzsáki
The consolidation of context-dependent emotional memory requires communication between the hippocampus and the basolateral amygdala (BLA), but the mechanisms of this process are unknown. We recorded neuronal ensembles in the hippocampus and BLA while rats learned the location of an aversive air puff on a linear track, as well as during sleep before and after training. We found coordinated reactivations between the hippocampus and the BLA during non-REM sleep following training. These reactivations peaked during hippocampal sharp wave-ripples (SPW-Rs) and involved a subgroup of BLA cells positively modulated during hippocampal SPW-Rs...
September 11, 2017: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891668/visual-attention-and-emotional-reactions-to-negative-stimuli-the-role-of-age-and-cognitive-reappraisal
#8
Maria Wirth, Derek M Isaacowitz, Ute Kunzmann
Prominent life span theories of emotion propose that older adults attend less to negative emotional information and report less negative emotional reactions to the same information than younger adults do. Although parallel age differences in affective information processing and age differences in emotional reactivity have been proposed, they have rarely been investigated within the same study. In this eye-tracking study, we tested age differences in visual attention and emotional reactivity, using standardized emotionally negative stimuli...
September 2017: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888136/activating-attachment-representations-during-memory-retrieval-modulates-intrusive-traumatic-memories
#9
Richard A Bryant, Iris Chan
Although priming mental representations of attachment security reduces arousal, research has not examined the effect of attachment on the retrieval of emotionally arousing memories. This study investigated the effect of priming attachment security on the retrieval of emotional memories. Seventy-five participants viewed negative and neutral images, and two days later received either an attachment prime or a control prime immediately prior to free recall of the images. Two days later, participants reported how frequently they experienced intrusions of the negative images...
September 6, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883405/modeling-a-linkage-between-blood-transcriptional-expression-and-activity-in-brain-regions-to-infer-the-phenotype-of-schizophrenia-patients
#10
El Chérif Ibrahim, Vincent Guillemot, Magali Comte, Arthur Tenenhaus, Xavier Yves Zendjidjian, Aida Cancel, Raoul Belzeaux, Florence Sauvanaud, Olivier Blin, Vincent Frouin, Eric Fakra
Hundreds of genetic loci participate to schizophrenia liability. It is also known that impaired cerebral connectivity is directly related to the cognitive and affective disturbances in schizophrenia. How genetic susceptibility and brain neural networks interact to specify a pathological phenotype in schizophrenia remains elusive. Imaging genetics, highlighting brain variations, has proven effective to establish links between vulnerability loci and associated clinical traits. As previous imaging genetics works in schizophrenia have essentially focused on structural DNA variants, these findings could be blurred by epigenetic mechanisms taking place during gene expression...
September 7, 2017: NPJ Schizophrenia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880686/preliminary-evidence-of-attenuated-blood-pressure-reactivity-to-acute-stress-in-adults-following-a-recent-marital-separation
#11
Austin M Grinberg, Karey L O'Hara, Dave A Sbarra
OBJECTIVE: This study explores cardiovascular reactivity during an acute-stress task in a sample of recently separated adults. DESIGN: In a cross-sectional design, we examined the association between adults' subjective separation-related distress and changes in heart rate and blood pressure across the acute-stress laboratory paradigm in a sample of 133 (n = 49 men) recently separated adults. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Heart rate (HR) and Blood pressure (BP) were recorded across a resting baseline period, a math stressor task, and a recovery period...
September 7, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880200/the-endocannabinoid-system-and-autism-spectrum-disorders-insights-from-animal-models
#12
REVIEW
Erica Zamberletti, Marina Gabaglio, Daniela Parolaro
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) defines a group of neurodevelopmental disorders whose symptoms include impaired communication and social interaction with restricted or repetitive motor movements, frequently associated with general cognitive deficits. Although it is among the most severe chronic childhood disorders in terms of prevalence, morbidity, and impact to the society, no effective treatment for ASD is yet available, possibly because its neurobiological basis is not clearly understood hence specific drugs have not yet been developed...
September 7, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877512/sex-dependent-neural-effect-of-oxytocin-during-subliminal-processing-of-negative-emotion-faces
#13
Lizhu Luo, Benjamin Becker, Yayuan Geng, Zhiying Zhao, Shan Gao, Weihua Zhao, Shuxia Yao, Xiaoxiao Zheng, Xiaole Ma, Zhao Gao, Jiehui Hu, Keith M Kendrick
In line with animal models indicating sexually dimorphic effects of oxytocin (OXT) on social-emotional processing, a growing number of OXT-administration studies in humans have also reported sex-dependent effects during social information processing. To explore whether sex-dependent effects already occur during early, subliminal, processing stages the present pharmacological fMRI-study combined the intranasal-application of either OXT or placebo (n = 86-43 males) with a backward-masking emotional face paradigm...
September 4, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876200/the-moderating-role-of-emotional-reactivity-in-the-link-between-parental-hostility-and-eating-disorder-symptoms-in-early-adolescence
#14
Anna K Hochgraf, Rachel E Kahn, Jungmeen Kim-Spoon
Parent-adolescent relationship quality and affective functioning have been implicated in eating disorder development. This study examined whether maternal and paternal hostility interact to explain adolescents' eating disorder symptoms and whether parental hostility effects are more pronounced among adolescents with high emotional reactivity. A sample of 699 adolescents, ages 11-12 years, reported their parents' hostility and their own eating disorder symptoms, and parents reported adolescents' emotional reactivity...
September 6, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875432/a-meta-analytic-review-of-the-association-between-cortisol-reactivity-in-response-to-a-stressor-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#15
Jaclyn M Kamradt, Allison M Momany, Molly A Nikolas
A substantial literature suggests that abnormal cortisol reactivity may be a vulnerability for deleterious mental health outcomes, including ADHD. ADHD has been linked with difficulty in emotion regulation and increased risk of experiencing stressors, both of which may be related to psychobiological abnormalities (e.g., abnormal cortisol reactivity). Research has been mixed regarding the association between cortisol reactivity and ADHD. Therefore, the present meta-analytic review (k = 12) sought to quantify this association and review the relevant methodological issues and theoretical implications of this area of research...
September 5, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871021/effectiveness-of-two-psychological-interventions-for-pain-management-emotional-regulation-and-promotion-of-quality-of-life-among-adult-portuguese-men-with-haemophilia-psy-haemopeq-study-protocol-for-a-single-centre-prospective-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Patrícia Ribeiro Pinto, Ana Cristina Paredes, Patrício Costa, Manuela Carvalho, Manuela Lopes, Susana Fernandes, Susana Pedras, Armando Almeida
INTRODUCTION: Haemophilia is a bleeding disorder associated with significant pain, emotional distress, quality of life (QoL) impairment and considerable healthcare costs. Psychosocial health and effective pain management are considered essential end points for optimal haemophilia care, but there is a significant gap in evidence-based treatments targeting these outcomes in people with haemophilia (PWH). Psychological interventions are cost-effective in promoting emotional well-being, QoL and pain control, although these have been scarcely used in haemophilia field...
September 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867941/affective-neuroimaging-in-generalized-anxiety-disorder-an-integrated-review
#17
Gregory A Fonzo, Amit Etkin
Affective neuroimaging has contributed to our knowledge of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) through measurement of blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) responses, which facilitate inference on neural responses to emotional stimuli during task-based functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). In this article, the authors provide an integrated review of the task-based affective fMRI literature in GAD. Studies provide evidence for variable presence and directionality of BOLD abnormalities in limbic and prefrontal regions during reactivity to, regulation of, and learning from emotional cues...
June 2017: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867925/adolescent-physiological-and-behavioral-patterns-of-emotion-dysregulation-predict-multisystemic-therapy-response
#18
D Anne Winiarski, Julia C Schechter, Patricia A Brennan, Sharon L Foster, Phillippe B Cunningham, Elizabeth A Whitmore
This study examined whether physiological and behavioral indicators of emotion dysregulation assessed over the course of Multisystemic Therapy (MST) were related to treatment response. Participants were 180 ethnically diverse adolescents (n=120 males), ranging in age from 12 to 17 years. Treatment response was assessed through therapist report and official arrest records. Changes in cortisol reactivity and changes in scores on a behavioral dysregulation subscale of the Child Behavior Checklist were used as indicators of emotion dysregulation...
September 2017: Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867340/bdnf-val-66-met-polymorphism-tunes-frontolimbic-circuitry-during-affective-contextual-learning
#19
Mbemba Jabbi, Brett Cropp, Tiffany Nash, Philip Kohn, J Shane Kippenhan, Joseph C Masdeu, Raghav Mattay, Bhaskar Kolachana, Karen F Berman
Adaptive learning impairments are common in cognitive and behavioral disorders, but the neurogenetic mechanisms supporting human affective learning are poorly understood. We designed a higher-order contextual learning task in which healthy participants genotyped for the Val(66)Met polymorphism of the brain derived neurotropic factor gene (BDNF) were required to choose the member of a picture pair most congruent with the emotion in a previously-viewed facial expression video in order to produce an advantageous monetary outcome...
August 31, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866813/psychophysiological-reactivity-in-couples-during-a-marital-interaction-task
#20
J Coutinho, P Oliveira-Silva, A R Mesquita, M Barbosa, K M Perrone-McGovern, O F Gonçalves
The ability to regulate our own physiological arousal when dealing with the emotional expression of our partner is crucial for satisfactory and stable intimate relationships. In previous physiological studies of marital interactions, researchers have found greater levels of psychophysiological arousal for members of the couple in conflictual interactions in comparison with positive interactions. Past researchers have established that intense and prolonged autonomic and neuroendocrine arousal during marital conflict can have negative consequences for mental and physical health...
September 2, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
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