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Kunfeng Chen, Dongfeng Xue, Sridhar Komarneni
Nanoclay assisted electrochemical exfoliation was developed to in-situ form functionalized graphene electrode materials from pencil core with different ratios of graphite and clay. This method made a positive transformation from solid graphite to graphene colloidal solution, which can be used to construct binder- and additive-free thin-film electrodes. Exfoliated graphene can be served as both conductive current collector (film resistance of 33Ω/square) and electrode materials. Graphene thin-film electrodes from pencil cores displayed higher capacity of 224 than 80mAh/g of that from pure graphite...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Hong Sheng Quah, Li Ting Ng, Bruno Donnadieu, Geok Kheng Tan, Jagadese J Vittal
Five lanthanide MOFs with pcu topology have been exfoliated into nanoplatelets of two-dimensional structures via sonication in the dimethylacetamide solvent. These nanosheets are fluorescent under two-photon excitation dominated by the ligand, indicating energy upconversion ability.
October 20, 2016: Inorganic Chemistry
Gonzalo Abellán, Vicent Lloret, Udo Mundloch, Mario Marcia, Christian Neiss, Andreas Görling, Maria Varela, Frank Hauke, Andreas Hirsch
Black phosphorus (BP) was functionalized with organic moieties on the basis of liquid exfoliation. The treatment of BP with electron-withdrawing 7,7,8,8-tetracyano-p-quinodimethane (TCNQ) led to electron transfer from BP to the organic dopant. On the other hand, the noncovalent interaction of BP with a perylene diimide was mainly due to van der Waals interactions but also led to considerable stabilization of the BP flakes against oxygen degradation.
October 20, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Suchithra Padmajan Sasikala, Kai Huang, Baptiste Giroire, Prem Prabhakaran, Lucile Henry, Alain Pénicaud, Philippe Poulin, Cyril Aymonier
We report the exfoliation of graphite and simultaneous N doping of graphene by two methods; by supercritical ammonia treatment and by liquid phase exfoliation with NH4OH. While the supercritical ammonia allowed N doping at a level of 6.4 at.% in 2 h, the liquid phase exfoliation with NH4OH allowed N doping at a level of 2.7at.% in 6 h. The N doped graphene obtained via supercritical ammonia route were few layers (<5), showed large lateral flake size (~8µm), low defect density (ID/IG<0.6) in spite of their high level of N doping...
October 20, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
B Li, Q F Liang
Impression cytology (IC) has been widely used as a method for evaluating the ocular surface and superficial cells layers in the diagnosis and follow-up after treatment of several ocular surface tumors of both epithelial and melanocytic origin. Compared with exfoliative cytology with spatula, IC is less traumatic to the patient's eye. It provides a precise location of the area being studied and allows accurate observation of the cells the way they exist in vivo. The additional advantage of IC is the preservation of limbal stem cells responsible for continuous corneal epithelium renewal...
October 11, 2016: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
Yuqin Zou, Alex S Walton, Ian A Kinloch, Robert A W Dryfe
A study of the differences between the capacitance of freshly exfoliated highly ordered pyrolytic graphite (HOPG, sample denoted FEG), HOPG aged in air (denoted AAG) and aged in an inert atmosphere (hereafter IAG) is presented in this work. The FEG is found to be more hydrophilic than AAG and IAG since the aqueous electrolyte contact angle (CA) increases from 61.7o to 72.5o and 81.8o after aging in Ar and air, respectively. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) shows the FEG has higher intrinsic capacitance (6...
October 19, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Mahsa Jalali, Ye Yu, Kaichen Xu, Ray J H Ng, Zhaogang Dong, Liancheng Wang, Saman Safari Dinachali, Minghui Hong, Joel K W Yang
Color printing with plasmonic resonators can overcome limitations in pigment-based printing approaches. While layering in pigment-based prints results in familiar color mixing effects, the color effects of stacking plasmonic resonator structures have not been investigated. Here, we demonstrate an experimental strategy to fabricate a 3-tiered complex superlattice of nanostructures with multiple sets of building blocks. Laser interference lithography was used to fabricate the nanostructures and a thin-layer of aluminum was deposited to introduce plasmonic colors...
October 19, 2016: Nanoscale
Tan Xing, Srikanth Mateti, Lu Hua Li, Fengxian Ma, Aijun Du, Yury Gogotsi, Ying Chen
Two-dimensional (2D) materials can be produced using ball milling with the help of liquid surfactants or solid exfoliation agents, as ball milling of bulk precursor materials usually produces nanosized particles because of high-energy impacts. Post-milling treatment is thus needed to purify the nanosheets. We show here that nanosheets of graphene, BN, and MoS2 can be produced by ball milling of their bulk crystals in the presence of ammonia or a hydrocarbon ethylene gas and the obtained nanosheets remain flat and maintain their single-crystalline structure with low defects density even after a long period of time; post-milling treatment is not needed...
October 19, 2016: Scientific Reports
Srilekha Namala, Vijay Srinivas Guduru, Anuradha Ananthaneni, Sabitha Devi, Puneeth Horrati Kuberappa, Urmila Udayashankar
BACKGROUND: Micronuclei (MN) in oral exfoliative cells have been shown to indicate a disparaging change in genetic information of the cell. Recent studies showed correlation between the frequency of MN and severity of this damage. Grading of lesions can be used to determine the austerity of this damage. Aims: The aim of this study is to compare the MN frequency in oral exfoliated cells of normal and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) individuals and to cytologically grade the frequency of MN in cytological smears and to correlate it with histological grading...
July 2016: Journal of Cytology
Shwetha Nambiar, Veda Hegde, Nikhil Yadav, Kaveri Hallikeri
BACKGROUND: Exfoliative cytology is the microscopic examination of shed or desquamated cells from the epithelial surface. Centrifuged liquid-based cytology (CLBC) is a modified technique that was used in the current study. AIMS: To compare the efficacy of CLBC with conventional cytology in apparently normal mucosa after staining with Papanicolaou (PAP) stain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty cases of apparently normal mucosa from healthy subjects were selected for the study...
July 2016: Journal of Cytology
Manuel J L F Rodrigues, Christiano J S de Matos, Yi Wei Ho, Hélder Peixoto, Rafael E P de Oliveira, Hsin-Yu Wu, Antonio H Castro Neto, José Viana-Gomes
Optical frequency conversion via the nonlinear effect of third harmonic generation is shown to be resonantly enhanced in few-layer black phosphorus. This feature is believed to be a consequence of exciton-related resonance, as the enhancement is strongly correlated with the observation of exciton-recombination photoluminescence. Few-layer thicknesses are obtained both via mechanical exfoliation and laser thinning.
October 18, 2016: Advanced Materials
Myriam Barrejón, María J Gómez-Escalonilla, José Luis G Fierro, Pilar Prieto, José R Carrillo, Antonio M Rodríguez, Gonzalo Abellán, Ma Cruz López-Escalante, Mercedes Gabás, Juan T López-Navarrete, Fernando Langa
After the feasibility of the 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reaction between nitrile imines and exfoliated graphene by density functional theory calculations was proved, very few-layer graphene was effectively functionalized using this procedure. Hydrazones with different electronic properties were used as precursors for the 1,3-dipoles, and microwave irradiation as an energy source enabled the reaction to be performed in a few minutes. The anchoring of organic addends on the graphene surface was confirmed by Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and thermogravimetric analysis...
October 18, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Chun Fang Ma, Qiang Gao, Kai Sheng Xia, Zhi Yuan Huang, Bo Han, Cheng Gang Zhou
The development of bilirubin adsorbents with high adsorption efficiencies towards albumin-bonded bilirubin is still a considerable challenge. In this work, a three-dimensionally porous graphene (3D-pGR) has been fabricated through a simple carbon dioxide (CO2) activation of thermally exfoliated graphite oxide (EGO). Intriguingly, the resultant 3D-pGR material showed hierarchically micro-meso-macroporous structure, high specific surface area of up to 843m(2)g(-1), and large pore volume as high as 2.71cm(3)g(-1)...
October 11, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Touseef Habib, Dinesh Sundaravadivelu Devarajan, Fardin Khabaz, Dorsa Parviz, Thomas C Achee, Rajesh Khare, Micah J Green
Despite a range of promising applications, liquid-phase exfoliation of boron nitride nanosheets (BNNSs) is limited, both by low yield in common solvents as well as the disadvantages of using dissolved surfactants. One recently reported approach is the use of co-solvent systems to increase the as-obtained concentration of BNNS; the role of these solvents in aiding exfoliation and/or aiding colloidal stability of BNNSs is difficult to distinguish. In this paper, we have investigated the use of a t-butanol/water co-solvent to disperse BNNSs...
October 14, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Zhi Guo, Xiaoxi Wu, Tong Zhu, Xiaoyang Zhu, Libai Huang
Two-dimensional (2D) atomically thin perovskites with strongly bound excitons are highly promising for optoelectronic applications. However, the nature of non-radiative processes that limit the photoluminescence (PL) efficiency remains elusive. Here we present a time-resolved and temperature dependent PL studies to systematically address the intrinsic exciton relaxation pathways in layered (C4H9NH3)2(CH3NH3)n-1PbnI3n+1 (n=1,2,3) structures. Our results show that scatterings via deformation potential by acoustic and homopolar optical phonons are the main scattering mechanisms for excitons in ultrathin single exfoliated flakes, exhibiting a T^γ (γ = 1...
October 14, 2016: ACS Nano
W Yu, Y Jiang, J Yang, Z L Dun, H D Zhou, Z Jiang, P Lu, W Pan
A three-dimensional (3D) Dirac semimetal (DS) is an analogue of graphene, but with linear energy dispersion in all (three) momentum directions. 3D DSs have been a fertile playground in discovering novel quantum particles, for example Weyl fermions, in solid state systems. Many 3D DSs were theoretically predicted and experimentally confirmed. We report here the results in exfoliated ZrTe5 thin flakes from the studies of aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy and low temperature magneto-transport measurements...
October 14, 2016: Scientific Reports
Mahdi Gholami, Reza Shahakbari, Somayeh Abdolahpour, Masoud Hatami, Azam Roshanmir
INTRODUCTION: Herpes zoster Infection (HZI) is a viral disease with painful skin rashes and blisters in a limited area on one side of the body, often in a strip. Osteonecrosis with spontaneous exfoliation of teeth in association with HZI of the mandibular nerve is a rare phenomenon. In this report, such an unusual complication of HZI is presented. CASE REPORT: The clinical course of a 53-year-old woman and a 54-year-old man with HZI associated with alveolar bone necrosis and tooth exfoliation were reviewed in order to develop a patient profile for this rare combination of physical findings...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
P Morbini, M Benazzo
Human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx is a well-defined entity mostly affecting young to middle-aged male non-smokers. It is generally associated with a favourable outcome, and for this reason a less intensive therapeutic approach has been proposed for this subset of patients. The incidence of HPV-associated oropharyngeal cancers is rapidly increasing in most Western countries, but detailed epidemiological data are not available for the Italian population. Furthermore, among other head and neck regions, a smaller proportion of oral high-grade dysplasia and cancers seems to depend on HPV infection, whereas its role in laryngeal cancer is recognised as less relevant...
August 2016: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
J P Cheng, L Liu, K Y Ma, X Wang, Q Q Li, J S Wu, F Liu
Supercapacitor with metal hydroxide nanosheets as electrode can have high capacitance. However, the cycling stability and high rate capacity is low due to the low electrical conductivity. Here, the exfoliated α-Co(OH)2 nanosheets with high capacitance has been assembled on few-layer graphene with high electric conductivity by a facile yet effective and scalable solution method. Exfoliated hydrotalcite-like α-Co(OH)2 nanosheets and few-layer graphene suspensions were prepared by a simple ultrasonication in formamide and N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone, respectively...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Chengxue Huo, Xingming Sun, Zhong Yan, Xiufeng Song, Shengli Zhang, Zheng Xie, Ji-Zi Liu, Jianping Ji, Lianfu Jiang, Shuyun Zhou, Haibo Zeng
The predictions of arsenene and antimonene open a gate to new two-dimensional (2D) materials. In contrast to the severe unstability of black phosphorus in ambient atmosphere, arsenene and antimonene were recently predicted to be of high stability, as well as outstanding physical and chemical properties, such as extremely high mobility, superior thermal conductivity, high refractive index, and directionally optically transparent. Significantly, monolayer and few-layer antimonenes were recently experimentally fabricated by mechanical exfoliation, however the yield was very low and there's lack of clear characterizations on the atomical structure and potential applications, which are critical and necessary to promote the developments of this field...
October 11, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
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