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Infant sleep

Ândrea de Melo, Eliara Pinto Vieira Biaggio, Inaê Costa Rechia, Pricila Sleifer
Purpose: To measure the exogenous components of the cortical auditory evoked potential (CAEP) in term and preterm newborns and compare them considering the variables latency and amplitude. Methods: This is a cross-sectional, prospective, comparative, contemporary study. One hundred twenty-seven newborns were evaluated; 96 of these were included in the study after analysis of the exams by three referees. Participants were divided into two groups: Term Group: 66 infants and Preterm Group: 30 neonates...
October 13, 2016: CoDAS
Lissa C Baird, Paul Klimo, Ann Marie Flannery, David F Bauer, Alexandra Beier, Susan Durham, Alexander Y Lin, Catherine McClung-Smith, Laura Mitchell, Dimitrios Nikas, Mandeep S Tamber, Rachana Tyagi, Catherine Mazzola
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based guidelines are not currently available for the treatment of positional plagiocephaly and, in particular, for the use of physical therapy for treatment. OBJECTIVE: To answer the question: "does physical therapy provide effective treatment for positional plagiocephaly?" Treatment recommendations are created based on the available evidence. METHODS: The PubMed and the Cochrane Library were queried using MeSH headings and key words relevant to the objective of this systematic review...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
Paul Klimo, Patrick Ryan Lingo, Lissa C Baird, David F Bauer, Alexandra Beier, Susan Durham, Alexander Y Lin, Catherine McClung-Smith, Laura Mitchell, Dimitrios Nikas, Mandeep S Tamber, Rachana Tyagi, Catherine Mazzola, Ann Marie Flannery
BACKGROUND: Plagiocephaly, involving positional deformity of the calvarium in infants, is one of the most common reasons for pediatric neurosurgical consultation. OBJECTIVE: To answer the question: "what is the evidence for the effectiveness of repositioning for positional plagiocephaly?" Treatment recommendations are provided based on the available evidence. METHODS: The National Library of Medicine MEDLINE database and the Cochrane Library were queried using MeSH headings and key words relevant to repositioning as a means to treat plagiocephaly and brachycephaly...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
Amanda R Tarullo, Joseph R Isler, Carmen Condon, Kimon Violaris, Peter D Balsam, William P Fifer
Using an eyelid conditioning paradigm modeled after that developed by Little, Lipsitt, and Rovee-Collier (1984), Fifer et al. (2010) demonstrated that newborn infants learn during sleep. This study examined the role of sleep state in neonatal learning. We recorded electroencephalogram (EEG), respiratory, and cardiovascular activity from sleeping full term newborn infants during delay eyelid conditioning. In the experimental group (n = 21), a tone was paired with an air puff to the eye. Consistent with Fifer et al...
November 2016: Developmental Psychobiology
Noa Gueron-Sela, Cathi B Propper, Nicholas J Wagner, Marie Camerota, Kristin P Tully, Ginger A Moore
This study examined the direct and interactive effects of infants' respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) and maternal depressive symptoms (MDS) during the first 6 months of life in the prediction of children's sleep problems at age 18 months. Participants included 156 children and their mothers who were followed from 3 to 18 months of age. At ages 3 and 6 months, infants' cardiac activity was recorded at rest and during the still-face paradigm, a mother-child social challenge task, and estimates of infant baseline RSA (RSAB) and RSA withdrawal (RSAW) were calculated...
October 18, 2016: Developmental Psychobiology
Lei Yang, Wei Xu, Chao-Ying Yan
OBJECTIVE: To study the background patterns and sleep-wake cycles (SWC) on amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) in preterm infants with different grades of periventricular-intraventricular hemorrhage (PIVH). METHODS: Fifty-six preterm infants with a gestational age between 25 and 33 weeks who were diagnosed with PIVH and 31 gestational age-matched normal preterm without ICH were enrolled. According to Papile staging criteria, the infants with PIVH were subdivided into mild group (grades I and II) and moderate-severe group (grades III and IV)...
October 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Isabel Friedmann, Elias M Dahdouh, Perlyne Kugler, Gracia Mimran, Jacques Balayla
OBJECTIVE: Public Health initiatives, such as the "Safe to Sleep" campaign, have traditionally targeted infants' risk factors for the prevention of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). However, controversy remains regarding maternal and obstetrical risk factors for SIDS. In our study, we sought out to determine both modifiable and non-modifiable obstetrical and maternal risk factors associated with SIDS. METHODS: We conducted a population-based cohort study using the CDC's Linked Birth-Infant Death data from the United States for the year 2010...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Derk-Jan Dijk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Sleep Research
Marilyn Stringer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2016: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
Elizabeth G Zellner, Julie M Mhlaba, Russell R Reid, Derek Steinbacher
PURPOSE: The goal of mandibular distraction in the Pierre-Robin sequence is to maximally expand the oropharyngeal airway. It has been hypothesized that a steep oblique distraction vector might allow greater airway enlargement compared with horizontal distraction. This study compared vector orientation in relation to airway volume and overall clinical outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Micrognathic infants who underwent mandibular distraction with sufficient computed tomographic data were retrospectively reviewed...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Shalini Paruthi, Lee J Brooks, Carolyn D'Ambrosio, Wendy A Hall, Suresh Kotagal, Robin M Lloyd, Beth A Malow, Kiran Maski, Cynthia Nichols, Stuart F Quan, Carol L Rosen, Matthew M Troester, Merrill S Wise
Members of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine developed consensus recommendations for the amount of sleep needed to promote optimal health in children and adolescents using a modified RAND Appropriateness Method. After review of 864 published articles, the following sleep durations are recommended: Infants 4 months to 12 months should sleep 12 to 16 hours per 24 hours (including naps) on a regular basis to promote optimal health. Children 1 to 2 years of age should sleep 11 to 14 hours per 24 hours (including naps) on a regular basis to promote optimal health...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Xiaopeng Ji, Michael A Grandner, Jianghong Liu
OBJECTIVE: To review articles on the relationship of dietary and circulating micronutrients with sleep patterns, and to identify issues surrounding implications for future research and public health practice. DESIGN: A systematic review was conducted. PubMed, Embase and Scopus were searched through January 2016. SETTING: Both experimental and observational studies were included. However, studies that focused on secondary sleep impairment due to comorbidities were excluded...
October 5, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Michelle Harrison, Wendy Brodribb, Julie Hepworth
Evidence supports the establishment of healthy feeding practices early in life to promote lifelong healthy eating patterns protective against chronic disease such as obesity. Current early childhood obesity prevention interventions are built on extant understandings of how feeding practices relate to infant's cues of hunger and satiety. Further insights regarding factors that influence feeding behaviors in early life may improve program designs and outcomes. Four electronic databases were searched for peer-reviewed qualitative studies published between 2000 to 2014 with transitional infant feeding practice rationale from developed countries...
October 3, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Federico de Luca, Andrew Hinde
OBJECTIVES: From the late 1980s 'Back-to-Sleep' (BTS) campaigns were run in most developed countries to increase awareness of the supine position's protective effect against sleep-related infant deaths. Once the media awareness-raising action associated with these campaigns ended, healthcare professionals' role became crucial. The goal of this paper is to determine if healthcare professionals' knowledge and parent advice consistent with evidence-based infant sleep recommendations have changed over the past 20 years...
September 30, 2016: BMJ Open
Janani Sankaran, Aslam H Qureshi, Frederick Woodley, Mark Splaingard, Sudarshan R Jadcherla
OBJECTIVES: To describe the pattern of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) events in wake and sleep states with increasing acid reflux index (ARI) in neonates and to test the hypothesis that GER-related symptoms are frequent in ARI >7% in wake state. STUDY DESIGN: Infants underwent 24-hour pH-impedance studies with 6-hour concurrent video-polysomnography studies. Data were stratified based on the 24-hour ARI (% duration that esophageal pH is <4) into ARI < 3% (normal), ARI 3 ≥ to ≤7% (intermediate), and ARI >7% (abnormal)...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Ni Jian, Douglas M Teti
Infant sleep consolidates rapidly during the first half year of life in the context of a dynamic, bidirectional exchange between infant characteristics and the caregiving environment. The current study examined the relationship between mothers' emotional availability (EA) at bedtime and infant temperament, and objectively assessing infant sleep development from one to six months, particularly focus on whether infant temperament moderated linkages between EA at bedtime and infant sleep development. The sample consisted of 72 mother-infant dyads, and the measures included actigraphy-assessed infant sleep at one and six months, observed maternal EA coded from bedtime videos at 3 and 6 months, and maternal reports of infant temperament at three and six months...
July 2016: Sleep Medicine
Desana Kocevska, Ryan Muetzel, Annemarie I Luik, Maartje P C M Luijk, Vincent W Jaddoe, Frank C Verhulst, Tonya White, Henning Tiemeier
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the impact of sleep disturbances on the structural properties of the developing brain. This study explored associations between childhood sleep disturbances and brain morphology at 7 years. METHODS: Mothers from the Generation R cohort reported sleep disturbances in 720 children at ages 2 months, 1.5, 2, 3 and 6 years. T1-weighted MRI images were used to assess brain structure at 7 years. Associations of sleep disturbances at each age and of sleep disturbance trajectories with brain volumes (total brain volume, cortical and subcortical grey matter, white matter) were tested with linear regressions...
September 26, 2016: Sleep
Yeonsu Song, Donna L Washington, Elizabeth M Yano, Susan M McCurry, Constance H Fung, Joseph M Dzierzewski, Juan Carlos Rodriguez, Stella Jouldjian, Michael N Mitchell, Cathy A Alessi, Jennifer L Martin
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: To identify caregiving-related sleep problems and their relationship to mental health and daytime function in female Veterans. PARTICIPANTS: Female Veterans (N = 1,477) from cross-sectional, nationwide, postal survey data. METHODS: The survey respondent characteristics included demographics, comorbidity, physical activity, health, use of sleep medications, and history of sleep apnea. They self-identified caregiving- related sleep problems (i...
October 3, 2016: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Karen Rosenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: American Journal of Nursing
Liya Zhang, Zhijian Huang, Jihong Tang, Yan Li
AIM OF THE STUDY: To assess the recurrence rate after first spontaneous epileptic seizure in pediatric patients, and determine the related risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from 190 infants (aged between 1 month and 3 years) admitted after first spontaneous epileptic seizure to Soochow University Affiliated Children's Hospital between April 2009 and April 2011 were retrospectively analyzed; patients were followed-up until April 2014. The recurrence rate and risk factors of recurrence were analyzed based on central nervous system imaging data (computed tomography [CT] or magnetic resonance imaging [MRI]), electroencephalogram (EEG) and developmental quotient assessment...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Neuroscience
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