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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161896/qualitative-analysis-of-infant-safe-sleep-public-campaign-messaging
#1
Nadine R Peacock, Susan Altfeld, Allison L Rosenthal, Caitlin E Garland, Jill M Massino, Sherri L Smith, Hillary L Rowe, Sarah E Wagener
The 1994 Back to Sleep public education campaign resulted in dramatic reductions in sleep-related infant deaths, but comparable progress in recent years has been elusive. We conducted qualitative analyses of recent safe sleep campaigns from 13 U.S. cities. Goals were to (a) determine whether the campaigns reflect the full range of American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) 2011 safe sleep recommendations, (b) describe tone and framing of the messages (e.g., use of fear appeals), (c) describe targeting/tailoring of messages to priority populations, and (d) ascertain whether the campaigns have been evaluated for reach and/or effectiveness...
March 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158073/methodological-challenges-in-the-comparison-of-infant-fmri-across-age-groups
#2
REVIEW
Rhodri Cusack, Olivia McCuaig, Annika C Linke
Functional MRI (fMRI) in infants is rapidly growing and providing fundamental insights into the origins of brain functions. Comparing brain development at different ages is particularly powerful, but there are a number of methodological challenges that must be addressed if confounds are to be avoided. With development, brains change in composition in a way that alters their tissue contrast, and in size, shape, and gyrification, requiring careful image processing strategies and age-specific standard templates...
November 11, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157579/sleep-location-and-parent-perceived-sleep-outcomes-in-older-infants
#3
Jodi A Mindell, Erin S Leichman, Russel M Walters
OBJECTIVES: Initial studies indicate more independent and consolidated sleep in the first few months in infants who sleep separately. Little is known, however, about the relationship of sleep location (separate room, room-sharing, bed-sharing) with sleep outcomes in older infants (ages 6-12 months). It was expected that those who sleep in a separate room would have better parent-perceived sleep outcomes and more positive sleep health behaviors. METHODS: Parents of 6236 infants (6-12 months) in the United States (US) and 3798 in an international sample (Australia, Brazil, Canada, Great Britain, and New Zealand) completed a smartphone app-based expanded version of the validated Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire...
November 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156933/-prevention-of-obesity-from-perinatal-stage
#4
Rosa Mª Martínez García, Ana Isabel Jiménez Ortega, Heldry González Torres, Rosa María Ortega
Obesity is one of the major health problems and a determining factor in the prevalence of diseases such as metabolic syndrome, asthma, sleep apnea, infertility and various types of cancer. Its origin is multifactorial, involving genetic, socioeconomic and environmental factors. These last ones contribute mostly to explain the current epidemic growth of this disease. The sedentary lifestyle, inadequate diet, lack of sleep, alterations in intestinal microbiota and stress are factors related to its development...
October 15, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152887/association-between-maternal-sleep-practices-and-late-stillbirth-findings-from-a-stillbirth-case-control-study
#5
Aep Heazell, M Li, J Budd, Jmd Thompson, T Stacey, R S Cronin, B Martin, D Roberts, E A Mitchell, Lme McCowan
OBJECTIVE: To report maternal sleep practices in women who experienced a stillbirth compared with controls with ongoing live pregnancies at similar gestation. DESIGN: Prospective case-control study. SETTING: Forty-one maternity units in the United Kingdom. POPULATION: Women who had a stillbirth after ≥ 28 weeks' gestation (n = 291) and women with an ongoing pregnancy at the time of interview (n = 733). METHODS: Data were collected using an interviewer-administered questionnaire that included questions on maternal sleep practices before pregnancy, in the four weeks prior to, and on the night before the interview/stillbirth...
November 20, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149191/resting-state-fmri-in-sleeping-infants-more-closely-resembles-adult-sleep-than-adult-wakefulness
#6
Anish Mitra, Abraham Z Snyder, Enzo Tagliazucchi, Helmut Laufs, Jed Elison, Robert W Emerson, Mark D Shen, Jason J Wolff, Kelly N Botteron, Stephen Dager, Annette M Estes, Alan Evans, Guido Gerig, Heather C Hazlett, Sarah J Paterson, Robert T Schultz, Martin A Styner, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Bradley L Schlaggar, Joseph Piven, John R Pruett, Marcus Raichle
Resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) in infants enables important studies of functional brain organization early in human development. However, rs-fMRI in infants has universally been obtained during sleep to reduce participant motion artifact, raising the question of whether differences in functional organization between awake adults and sleeping infants that are commonly attributed to development may instead derive, at least in part, from sleep. This question is especially important as rs-fMRI differences in adult wake vs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148119/the-anatomy-of-the-pediatric-airway-has-our-knowledge-changed-in-120-years-a-review-of-historic-and-recent-investigations-of-the-anatomy-of-the-pediatric-larynx
#7
REVIEW
Josef Holzki, Karen A Brown, Robert G Carroll, Charles J Coté
BACKGROUND: There is disagreement regarding the anatomy of the pediatric airway, particularly regarding the shape of the cricoid cartilage and the location of the narrowest portion of the larynx. AIMS: The aim of this review is to clarify the origin and the science behind these differing views. METHODS: We undertook a review of published literature, University Libraries, and authoritative textbooks with key search words and phrases. RESULTS: In vivo observations suggest that the narrowest portion of the airway is more proximal than the cricoid cartilage...
November 17, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137851/evaluation-of-positional-plagiocephaly-conventional-anthropometric-measurement-versus-laser-scanning-method
#8
Susanne Nahles, Martin Klein, Anke Yacoub, Julia Neyer
BACKGROUND: The incidence of plagiocephaly has increased in the 25 years since the "Back to Sleep" campaign in 1991 to prevent sudden infant death. Plagiocephaly is not considered to be a pathological condition. It is more of an esthetic impairment and could have potentially negative psychological or psychosocial consequences; therefore, treatment is recommended. The aim of this study is to compare conventional anthropometry and laser scanning - two different measurement methods - as diagnostic instruments for plagiocephaly...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136344/the-hypoxic-test-in-preterm-neonates-reinvestigated
#9
Christelle Kouakam, Erwan Stephan-Blanchard, André Léké, Guy Kongolo, Elodie Haraux, Stéphane Delanaud, Frédéric Telliez, Karen Chardon
AIM: We currently lack a suitable gold-standard method for implementation on modern equipment to assess peripheral chemoreceptor sensitivity. The aim of the present study was to develop an accurate and reproducible method for assessing peripheral chemoreceptors sensitivity in sleeping preterm neonates. METHODS: A poïkilocapnic hypoxic test was performed twice during rapid eye movement sleep (REM sleep) and non-rapid eye movement sleep (nonREM sleep). The infant breathed hypoxic gas (15% O2 ) for 60 s...
November 14, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129035/trends-and-factors-associated-with-breastfeeding-and-infant-sleep-practices-in-georgia
#10
Trina C Salm Ward, Florence A Kanu, Alex K Anderson
Breastfeeding benefits both infant and mother, including reducing the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). To further reduce risk of SIDS, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends infants sleep on their backs on a separate sleep surface. Our objective was to describe trends and factors associated with breastfeeding and infant sleep practices in Georgia. Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System 2004-2013 data were obtained from the Georgia Department of Public Health. Chi square tests for trends were utilized to determine whether there were significant linear trends in breastfeeding and infant sleep overtime and by survey phase...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129033/infant-safe-sleep-a-survey-of-the-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviors-of-obstetric-physicians
#11
Nichole L Hodges, Sarah E Anderson, Lara B McKenzie, Mira L Katz
Obstetricians may be a pregnant woman's primary professional source of information about her infant prior to the birth, but infant safe sleep knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of this population are unknown. This study explores obstetric physicians' knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors related to Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and infant safe sleep and identifies barriers as well as enabling and/or reinforcing factors associated with providing infant safe sleep education in the prenatal environment. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with obstetric physicians who provide prenatal healthcare to women in Ohio...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128160/prone-sleeping-position-in-infancy-implications-for-cardiovascular-and-cerebrovascular-function
#12
REVIEW
Kelsee L Shepherd, Stephanie R Yiallourou, Rosemary S C Horne, Flora Y Wong
Advances in neonatal care have improved the survival rates of preterm infants, however, the likelihood of brain injury and neurodevelopmental disability remains a significant problem. Whilst the etiology of preterm brain injury is complex, impairments in the cardio- and cerebro-vascular function have been implicated. During infancy, sleep is vital for brain development. However, instabilities in cardio- and cerebro-vascular function are most marked during sleep. Sleeping position is an important part of a safe sleeping environment...
October 13, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125216/evaluation-of-a-sudden-unexpected-death-in-infancy-intervention-programme-aimed-at-improving-parental-awareness-of-risk-factors-and-protective-infant-care-practices
#13
Christine McIntosh, Adrian Trenholme, Joanna Stewart, Alison Vogel
AIM: Sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI) rates for Māori and Pacific infants remain higher than for other ethnic groups in New Zealand and bed-sharing is a major risk factor when there is smoking exposure in pregnancy. Sleep space programmes of education and Pēpi-Pod baby beds require evaluation. METHODS: Two hundred and forty Māori and Pacific women and infants were randomised 1:1, to the Pēpi-Pod sleep space programme, or to a control group with 'usual care'...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118365/impaired-development-of-the-cerebral-cortex-in-infants-with-congenital-heart-disease-is-correlated-to-reduced-cerebral-oxygen-delivery
#14
Christopher J Kelly, Antonios Makropoulos, Lucilio Cordero-Grande, Jana Hutter, Anthony Price, Emer Hughes, Maria Murgasova, Rui Pedro A G Teixeira, Johannes K Steinweg, Sagar Kulkarni, Loay Rahman, Hui Zhang, Daniel C Alexander, Kuberan Pushparajah, Daniel Rueckert, Joseph V Hajnal, John Simpson, A David Edwards, Mary A Rutherford, Serena J Counsell
Neurodevelopmental impairment is the most common comorbidity associated with complex congenital heart disease (CHD), while the underlying biological mechanism remains unclear. We hypothesised that impaired cerebral oxygen delivery in infants with CHD is a cause of impaired cortical development, and predicted that cardiac lesions most associated with reduced cerebral oxygen delivery would demonstrate the greatest impairment of cortical development. We compared 30 newborns with complex CHD prior to surgery and 30 age-matched healthy controls using brain MRI...
November 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110581/outcomes-of-drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy-directed-surgery-for-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#15
Shan He, Nithin S Peddireddy, David F Smith, Angela L Duggins, Christine Heubi, Sally R Shott, Stacey L Ishman
Objectives To determine the effectiveness of pediatric drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE)-directed surgery for children with infant obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) or OSA after adenotonsillectomy. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Tertiary care pediatric hospital. Subjects and Methods We included 56 children undergoing DISE from October 2013 to September 2015 who underwent subsequent surgery to address OSA. The primary outcome was successful response to DISE-directed surgery based on the postoperative obstructive Apnea-Hypopnea Index (oAHI)...
November 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106864/six-month-old-infants-with-deformational-plagiocephaly-do-not-differ-from-unaffected-infants-with-respect-to-vocal-control
#16
Kathleen Wermke, Christian Linz, Annette Hasenberg, Felix Kunz, Philipp Meyer-Marcotty, Tilmann Schweitzer
OBJECTIVES: The recommendation of a supine sleeping position led to a significant reduction of SIDS, but increased positional skull deformities (DP). Here, a quantitative analysis of babbling aims to complement previous studies of language-relevant competence based on items of the Bayley-scales that suggested the presence of developmental language delays in DP infants. Measures of fundamental frequency variability as proxies for vocal control are well suited for testing this assumption, since the laryngeal neuro-muscular system matures early and is coupled with brain function while working rapidly in coordinating the structures and mechanisms involved in infant sound production...
November 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100617/relationship-between-frequency-spectrum-of-heart-rate-variability-and-autonomic-nervous-activities-during-sleep-in-newborns
#17
Tsunenori Takatani, Yukihiro Takahashi, Ryota Yoshida, Ryuko Imai, Takao Uchiike, Masaharu Yamazaki, Midori Shima, Toshiya Nishikubo, Yoshito Ikada, Shinichi Fujimoto
INTRODUCTION: We analyzed the frequency spectrum of two neonatal sleep stages, namely active sleep and quiet sleep, and the relationship between these sleep stages and autonomic nervous activity in 74 newborns and 16 adults as a comparison. METHOD: Active and quiet sleep were differentiated by electroencephalogram (EEG) patterns, eye movements, and respiratory wave patterns; autonomic activity was analyzed using the RR interval of simultaneously recorded electrocardiogram (ECG) signals...
October 31, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099980/parent-reported-symptoms-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-is-associated-with-increased-behavioral-problems-at-2-years-of-age-the-canadian-healthy-infant-longitudinal-development-child-birth-cohort-study
#18
Sukhpreet K Tamana, Lisa Smithson, Amanda Lau, Jennifer Mariasine, Rochelle Young, Joyce Chikuma, Diana L Lefebvre, Padmaja Subbarao, Allan B Becker, Stuart E Turvey, Malcolm R Sears, Jacqueline Pei, Piush J Mandhane
Objectives: To examine the association between the age of onset and duration of parent-reported symptoms of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) and behavioral problems at age two years. Methods: Parent-reported SDB symptoms were assessed quarterly between three months and two years among 583 Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development (CHILD) Edmonton-site participants. Parent-reported SDB symptoms were clustered into phenotypes using group-based trajectory analysis based on age of onset and duration of symptoms...
November 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096280/paternal-postnatal-depression-in-ireland-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#19
Lloyd Frank Philpott, Paul Corcoran
BACKGROUND: it is well established that fatherhood has a long term positive and protective effect on men's health. However, there is also evidence that the transition to fatherhood can be complex and demanding and can lead to distress, anxiety and increased risk of depression. OBJECTIVE: this study aimed to investigate the prevalence of paternal postnatal depression, and to examine associations with a range of demographic and clinical factors. METHODS: a cross-sectional study design was used to collect primary data from 100 fathers, whose partner gave birth to an infant in the previous 12 months...
October 20, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096238/correlates-of-tummy-time-in-infants-aged-0-12-months-old-a-systematic-review
#20
Lyndel Hewitt, Rebecca M Stanley, Anthony D Okely
BACKGROUND: Tummy time, defined as an infant being placed on their stomach whilst they are awake and supervised, has been shown to have a positive effect on infant development and head shape. Tummy time can be influenced by a number of factors. Using a social ecological model, categories of potential variables can be examined to determine their influence on behaviours such as tummy time. The purpose of this systematic review was to examine potential correlates of tummy time in infants from birth to 12 months old...
October 28, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
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