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Infant sleep

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511734/sleeping-with-one-eye-open-loneliness-and-sleep-quality-in-young-adults
#1
T Matthews, A Danese, A M Gregory, A Caspi, T E Moffitt, L Arseneault
BACKGROUND: Feelings of loneliness are common among young adults, and are hypothesized to impair the quality of sleep. In the present study, we tested associations between loneliness and sleep quality in a nationally representative sample of young adults. Further, based on the hypothesis that sleep problems in lonely individuals are driven by increased vigilance for threat, we tested whether past exposure to violence exacerbated this association. METHOD: Data were drawn from the Environmental Risk (E-Risk) Longitudinal Twin Study, a birth cohort of 2232 twins born in England and Wales in 1994 and 1995...
May 17, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509364/how-do-caregivers-understand-and-respond-to-unsettled-infant-behaviour-in-vietnam-a-qualitative-study
#2
L Murray, T Tran, V V Thang, L Cass, J Fisher
BACKGROUND: Unsettled infant behaviours are a common source of concern for new parents and have been associated with perinatal common mental disorders amongst women in high-income settings. There is little evidence about how unsettled infant behaviours are understood and managed in low and lower-middle income countries. This study aimed to describe caregivers' understandings of, and responses to, unsettled infant behaviours in Vietnam and their family caregiving contexts. METHODS: Women who were mothers of infants aged 0-6 months were purposively recruited from two sites in Thua Thien Hue Province, Vietnam (one urban and one rural)...
May 16, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507494/sleep-patterns-of-young-children-with-newly-diagnosed-atopic-dermatitis
#3
Derya Gumus Dogan, Sinem Kortay Canaloglu, Meltem Kivilcim, Yunus Emre Kum, Erdem Topal, Ferhat Catal
INTRODUCTION: Even though atopic dermatitis (AD) most often begins in the first year of life, it is not well known whether sleep disturbances occur following the onset of the disease or whether they develop later. AIM: To determine the sleep patterns of young children already diagnosed with AD in comparison to a control group by using a validated questionnaire, the Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire (BISQ). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-six children with a new diagnosis of AD and 60 healthy children, aged 3-36 months, participated in the study...
April 2017: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506824/hypoxia-and-nicotine-effects-on-pituitary-adenylate-cyclase-activating-polypeptide-pacap-and-its-receptor-1-pac1-in-the-developing-piglet-brainstem
#4
J Huang, K A Waters, R Machaalani
Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) and its cognate receptor 1 (PAC1), have been implicated in the pathophysiology of the Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). Two main risk factors for SIDS are prone sleeping and cigarette smoke exposure. Using piglet models of these risk factors, intermittent hypercapnic hypoxia (IHH-mimicking rebreathing in prone position) and nicotine (main reinforcing element of cigarettes), this study aimed to determine their effects on PACAP and PAC1 protein expression in the medulla...
May 12, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498749/air-mattresses-are-not-appropriate-sleep-spaces-for-infants
#5
Rachel Y Moon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490370/behavioral-interventions-to-promote-adequate-sleep-among-women-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Lydi-Anne Vézina-Im, Jennette Palcic Moreno, Theresa A Nicklas, Tom Baranowski
BACKGROUND: Short and poor sleep have been associated with adverse health outcomes in adults, such as overweight/obesity and type 2 diabetes, especially among women. Women therefore represent an important target for interventions aimed at improving sleep and such interventions have been advocated to enhance maternal, fetal, and infant health. This systematic review will assess the efficacy or effectiveness of behavioral interventions aimed at promoting adequate sleep among women. The primary outcomes will be changes in sleep duration and/or sleep quality from baseline to post-intervention and to the last available follow-up measured either through self-reports or objectively...
May 11, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488308/large-scale-network-organization-of-eeg-functional-connectivity-in-newborn-infants
#7
Brigitta Tóth, Gábor Urbán, Gábor P Háden, Molnár Márk, Miklós Török, Cornelis Jan Stam, István Winkler
The organization of functional brain networks changes across human lifespan. The present study analyzed functional brain networks in healthy full-term infants (N = 139) within 1-6 days from birth by measuring neural synchrony in EEG recordings during quiet sleep. Large-scale phase synchronization was measured in six frequency bands with the Phase Lag Index. Macroscopic network organization characteristics were quantified by constructing unweighted minimum spanning tree graphs. The cortical networks in early infancy were found to be significantly more hierarchical and had a more cost-efficient organization compared with MST of random control networks, more so in the theta and alpha than in other frequency bands...
May 10, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485235/understanding-the-physiology-of-sleep-and-promoting-effective-routines-with-infants-in-hospital-and-at-home
#8
Doreen Crawford
Sleep is a biological necessity. Infants are unique individuals and what can be regarded as normal for one infant and his or her family may be considered a problem for another. Genetics, lifestyles, roles and responsibilities all influence sleep. This article explores the physiology of infant sleep and reviews how sleep is influenced by culture, events such as a hospital admission and parenting styles. It considers how the children's nurse can help and support a family who may feel that they have infant sleep-related issues...
May 9, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481819/the-effects-of-kangaroo-care-on-the-sleep-and-wake-states-of-preterm-infants
#9
Farideh Bastani, Nahid Rajai, Zahra Farsi, Heidelise Als
BACKGROUND: Developing interventions that improve deep sleep and quit awake is important to improve the quality of care that is provided to preterm infants. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of kangaroo care and in-arms-holding on the sleep and wake states of preterm infants. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial design was employed in 2011-2012. Seventy-two stable preterm infants with gestational ages of 32-37 weeks and their mothers were recruited from the neonatal intensive care unit of Valiasr Hospital in Tehran, Iran...
June 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479324/theta-oscillations-during-active-sleep-synchronize-the-developing-rubro-hippocampal-sensorimotor-network
#10
Carlos Del Rio-Bermudez, Jangjin Kim, Greta Sokoloff, Mark S Blumberg
Neuronal oscillations comprise a fundamental mechanism by which distant neural structures establish and express functional connectivity. Long-range functional connectivity between the hippocampus and other forebrain structures is enabled by theta oscillations. Here, we show for the first time that the infant rat red nucleus (RN)-a brainstem sensorimotor structure-exhibits theta (4-7 Hz) oscillations restricted primarily to periods of active (REM) sleep. At postnatal day 8 (P8), theta is expressed as brief bursts immediately following myoclonic twitches; by P12, theta oscillations are expressed continuously across bouts of active sleep...
May 22, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476136/effect-of-supervised-exercise-in-groups-on-psychological-well-being-among-pregnant-women-at-risk-of-depression-the-ewe-study-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Lotte Broberg, Mette Backhausen, Peter Damm, Per Bech, Ann Tabor, Hanne Kristine Hegaard
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women with depression and/or anxiety prior to pregnancy are at higher risk of preterm birth, breastfeeding problems, postpartum depression, and disruption of the mother-infant attachment. It is well documented that exercise improves psychological well-being in nonpregnant subjects with symptoms of depression. However, in only a few small studies have researchers examined the effect of exercise on symptoms of depression among pregnant women. We hypothesize that physiotherapist-supervised group exercise for pregnant women at risk of antenatal depression increases their psychological well-being...
May 5, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472875/comparison-between-actigraphy-and-parental-reporting-for-sleep-assessment-in-hospitalized-infants
#12
Simone Ceratto, Paola Dalmasso, Roberto Miniero, Luca Cordero di Montezemolo, Francesco Savino
BACKGROUND: To compare data obtained through actigraphy with data from parental diaries to evaluate their concordance. METHODS: We enrolled 55 hospitalized infants aged 1-12 months with a gestational age higher than 35 weeks and without sleep disorders, complications due to perinatal events or movement deficits. They were monitored using both methods for 24 hours. Total diurnal and nocturnal sleep times and the numbers of awakenings were evaluated. Actigraph data were analyzed with Sadeh's algorithm...
May 4, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462858/neuromuscular-disorders-and-chronic-ventilation
#13
REVIEW
Stamatia Alexiou, Joseph Piccione
Morbidity and mortality have decreased in patients with neuromuscular disease due to implementation of therapies to augment cough and improve ventilation. Infants with progressive neuromuscular disease will eventually develop respiratory complications as a result of muscle weakness and their inability to compensate during periods of increased respiratory loads. The finding of nocturnal hypercapnia is often the trigger for initiating non-invasive ventilation and studies have shown that its use not only may improve sleep-disordered breathing, but also that it may have an effect on daytime function, symptoms related to hypercapnia, and partial pressure of CO2...
April 24, 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460602/an-automated-quiet-sleep-detection-approach-in-preterm-infants-as-a-gateway-to-assess-brain-maturation
#14
Anneleen Dereymaeker, Kirubin Pillay, Jan Vervisch, Sabine Van Huffel, Gunnar Naulaers, Katrien Jansen, Maarten De Vos
Sleep state development in preterm neonates can provide crucial information regarding functional brain maturation and give insight into neurological well being. However, visual labeling of sleep stages from EEG requires expertise and is very time consuming, prompting the need for an automated procedure. We present a robust method for automated detection of preterm sleep from EEG, over a wide postmenstrual age ([Formula: see text] age) range, focusing first on Quiet Sleep (QS) as an initial marker for sleep assessment...
February 24, 2017: International Journal of Neural Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450082/a-randomized-trial-of-a-children-s-book-versus-brochures-for-safe-sleep-knowledge-and-adherence-in-a-high-risk-population
#15
John S Hutton, Resmi Gupta, Rachel Gruber, Jennifer Berndsen, Thomas DeWitt, Nicholas J Ollberding, Judith B Van Ginkel, Robert T Ammerman
BACKGROUND: Sleep-related infant deaths have plateaued in the past decade, disproportionately affecting low-socio-economic-status (SES) families. Printed materials are widely used for anticipatory guidance, yet none for safe sleep have been studied. OBJECTIVES: To test the efficacy of a specially designed children's book compared to brochures for safe sleep knowledge and adherence, which we hypothesized would be greater due to superior readability and engagement...
April 24, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449912/infant-night-sleep-trajectory-from-age-3-24-months-evidence-from-the-singapore-gusto-study
#16
Shaun K Y Goh, Elaine K H Tham, Daniel Y T Goh, Oon Hoe Teoh, Seang Mei Saw, Fabian Yap, Yap-Seng Chong, Anqi Qiu, Birit F P Broekman
OBJECTIVE: Longitudinal studies on night sleep trajectories throughout infancy are sparse. Moreover, most studies have examined samples in Caucasian individuals, although cultural differences in sleep habits have been described. To expand on the current literature, we aimed to determine night sleep trajectories in an Asian population from age 3-24 months. METHODS: Night sleep duration from a subset of 893 infants within the Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) birth cohort study was determined using the caregiver-reported Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire...
May 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449906/low-cerebrospinal-fluid-hypocretin-levels-during-sudden-infant-death-syndrome-sids-risk-period
#17
Marion Lancien, Clara Odilia Inocente, Yves Dauvilliers, Beatrice Kugener, Sabine Scholz, Veronique Raverot, Jian-Sheng Lin, Aurore Guyon, Marie-Paule Gustin, Patricia Franco
OBJECTIVES: The temporal association between sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and sleep suggests that the arousability from sleep provides a protective mechanism for survival. Recently, the hypocretin system, which promotes wakefulness, has been implicated in SIDS, since it has been reported that SIDS victims have fewer hypocretin neurons than infants who have died from other causes. To understand the role of hypocretin in SIDS, it is essential to better understand how this system matures...
May 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449894/young-children-with-down-syndrome-show-normal-development-of-circadian-rhythms-but-poor-sleep-efficiency-a-cross-sectional-study-across-the-first-60-months-of-life
#18
Fabian Fernandez, Casandra C Nyhuis, Payal Anand, Bianca I Demara, Norman F Ruby, Goffredina Spanò, Caron Clark, Jamie O Edgin
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate sleep consolidation and circadian activity rhythms in infants and toddlers with Down syndrome (DS) under light and socially entrained conditions within a familiar setting. Given previous human and animal data suggesting intact circadian regulation of melatonin across the day and night, it was hypothesized that behavioral indices of circadian rhythmicity would likewise be intact in the sample with DS. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 66 infants and young children with DS, aged 5-67 months, and 43 typically developing age-matched controls...
May 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442960/cricoid-ring-shape-size-and-variability-in-infants-and-children
#19
Tariq M Wani, Bruno Bissonnette, Mahmood Rafiq, Melissa Moore-Clingenpeel, Mazen Al Sohaibani, Joseph D Tobias
BACKGROUND: Knowledge regarding the shape, size, and variability of the cricoid ring is important to properly choose the correct endotracheal tube (ETT) in the pediatric patient. Studies have measured the size of the cricoid ring using methodologies such as moulages, magnetic resonance imaging, and video-bronchoscopy. In the present study, computed tomography (CT) -based images were used to determine the shape, size, and configuration of the cricoid ring in the pediatric population taking into considerations growth and development...
April 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441347/association-between-sleep-and-body-weight-a-panel-data-model-based-on-a-retrospective-longitudinal-cohort-of-chinese-infants
#20
Tingting Sha, Yan Yan, Xiao Gao, Shiting Xiang, Guangyu Zeng, Shiping Liu, Qiong He
The focus of this article is on sleep duration and sleep problems in infants and their association with body weight. A retrospective birth cohort of 519 infants was enrolled in a community-based study conducted in Changsha, China. Infant weight and other health-related information were collected during regular standard checkups at the Community Health Service Centers when infants were 1, 3, 6, 8, and 12 months old. The sleep duration and sleep problems of infants were assessed by maternal self-reports. Panel data model was used to evaluate the association of sleep duration and sleep problems with infant body weight...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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