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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327461/muscle-strength-is-impaired-in-men-but-not-in-women-living-with-hiv-taking-antiretroviral-therapy
#1
Vitor Hf Oliveira, Susana L Wiechmann, Argéria Ms Narciso, Allison R Webel, Rafael Deminice
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that HIV Antiretroviral Therapy adverse effects may be sex-dependent, but data examing these sex differences in muscle strength is scarce. Our aim was to compare dynamic and isokinetic parameters of muscle strength between HIV-infected men and women to HIV-uninfected subjects. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, muscle strength was evaluated in 44 HIV-infected (20 men, 24 women) and 25 age-, race- and body mass index-matched HIV-uninfected subjects (11 men, 14 women)...
March 22, 2017: Antiviral Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325087/physical-activity-correlates-in-people-living-with-hiv-aids-a-systematic-review-of-45-studies
#2
Davy Vancampfort, James Mugisha, Justin Richards, Marc De Hert, Michel Probst, Brendon Stubbs
PURPOSE: Understanding barriers and facilitators of physical activity participation in persons living with HIV/AIDS is an essential first step in order to devise effective interventions. The present review provides a systematic quantitative review of the physical activity correlates in people with HIV/AIDS. METHODS: Major electronic databases were searched till August 2016. Keywords included "physical activity" or "exercise" or "sports" and "AIDS" or "HIV". RESULTS: Out of 55 correlates from 45 studies (N = 13,167; mean age range = 30...
March 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296533/polypharmacy-infectious-diseases-sexual-behavior-and-psychophysical-health-among-anabolic-steroid-using-homosexual-and-heterosexual-gym-patrons-in-san-francisco-s-castro-district
#3
Eric J Ip, Michael A Yadao, Bijal M Shah, Shadi Doroudgar, Paul J Perry, Michael J Tenerowicz, Lindsay Newsom, Amber A Mann, Hermine Mkrtchyan, Harrison G Pope
BACKGROUND: Limited studies based in England and Australia reported misuse of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) among homosexual men to enhance body image. Anecdotally, AAS are also being misused by homosexual men in the United States. Since many AAS and certain performance enhancing drugs (PEDs) are administered via injection, this poses a potential vector for the spread of infectious disease in an already at-risk population. OBJECTIVES: This study compared and contrasted homosexual and heterosexual male gym clients regarding use of AAS and PEDs, use of alcohol and illicit drugs, seroprevalence of infectious disease, engagement in risky injection practices and sexual behaviors, and presence of psychiatric conditions...
March 15, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276745/predicting-adherence-to-combination-antiretroviral-therapy-for-hiv-in-tanzania-a-test-of-an-extended-theory-of-planned-behaviour-model
#4
Kasia Banas, Ramsey A Lyimo, Harm J Hospers, Andre van der Ven, Marijn de Bruin
OBJECTIVES: Combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) for HIV is widely available in sub-Saharan Africa. Adherence is crucial to successful treatment. This study aimed to apply an extended theory of planned behaviour (TPB) model to predict objectively measured adherence to cART in Tanzania. DESIGN: Prospective observational study (n = 158) where patients completed questionnaires on demographics (Month 0), socio-cognitive variables including intentions (Month 1), and action planning and self-regulatory processes hypothesised to mediate the intention-behaviour relationship (Month 3), to predict adherence (Month 5)...
February 13, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241882/systematic-review-of-patient-factors-affecting-adipose-stem-cell-viability-and-function-implications-for-regenerative-therapy
#5
REVIEW
Jajini Varghese, Michelle Griffin, Afshin Mosahebi, Peter Butler
BACKGROUND: The applications for fat grafting have increased recently, within both regenerative and reconstructive surgery. Although fat harvesting, processing and injection techniques have been extensively studied and standardised, this has not had a big impact on the variability of outcome following fat grafting. This suggests a possible larger role of patient characteristics on adipocyte and adipose-derived stem cell (ADSC) viability and function. This systematic review aims to collate current evidence on the effect of patient factors on adipocyte and ADSC behaviour...
February 28, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222175/factors-associated-with-post-diagnosis-pregnancies-in-women-living-with-hiv-in-the-south-of-brazil
#6
Luciana Barcellos Teixeira, Flávia Bulegon Pilecco, Álvaro Vigo, Maria de Lourdes Drachler, José Carlos de Carvalho Leite, Daniela Riva Knauth
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the factors associated with the occurrence of pregnancies after the diagnosis of infection by HIV. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with women of a reproductive age living with HIV/AIDS cared for in the public services of the city of Porto Alegre, in southern Brazil. The data was analyzed from a comparison between two groups: women with and women without pregnancies after the diagnosis of HIV. Poisson regression models were used to estimate the reasons of prevalence (RP)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100210/prevalence-of-psychiatric-morbidity-in-a-community-sample-in-western-kenya
#7
Edith Kwobah, Steve Epstein, Ann Mwangi, Debra Litzelman, Lukoye Atwoli
BACKGROUND: About 25% of the worldwide population suffers from mental, neurological and substance use disorders but unfortunately, up to 75% of affected persons do not have access to the treatment they need. Data on the magnitude of the mental health problem in Kenya is scarce. The objectives of this study were to establish the prevalence and the socio-demographic factors associated with mental and substance use disorders in Kosirai division, Nandi County, Western Kenya. METHODS: This was a cross sectional descriptive study in which participants were selected by simple random sampling...
January 18, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077069/a-pilot-study-of-brisk-walking-in-sedentary-combination-antiretroviral-treatement-cart-treated-patients-benefit-on-soluble-and-cell-inflammatory-markers
#8
Matteo Bonato, Laura Galli, Laura Passeri, Valeria Longo, Gaspare Pavei, Simona Bossolasco, Cecilia Bertocchi, Massimo Cernuschi, Giuseppe Balconi, Giampiero Merati, Adriano Lazzarin, Antonio La Torre, Paola Cinque
BACKGROUND: Chronic HIV infection is associated with low-level inflammation and increased risk of chronic diseases and mortality. The objective was to assess the effects of moderate intensity exercise on metabolic and inflammatory markers in HIV-infected treated persons. METHODS: This was a pilot study enrolling cART-treated, sedentary persons with metabolic complications in a 12-week protocol, consisting of three sessions per week of 60 min brisk walking with (strength-walk group) or without (walk group) 30 min circuit-training...
January 11, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074681/community-based-exercise-in-the-context-of-hiv
#9
Anna Li, Taylor McCabe, Erin Silverstein, Stephanie Dragan, Nancy M Salbach, Mehdi Zobeiry, Sarah Beldick, Chris Godi, Kelly K O'Brien
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors to consider for developing and implementing a community-based exercise (CBE) program for people living with HIV (PLWH). METHODS: We conducted a qualitative descriptive study using semi-structured interviews with PLWH, rehabilitation professionals, and recreation providers from Canada and the United Kingdom. We asked participants to describe their experience with exercise, facilitators, and barriers to accessing and participating in exercise, and factors to consider in developing a CBE program for PLWH...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062389/internet-based-hiv-prevention-with-at-home-sexually-transmitted-infection-testing-for-young-men-having-sex-with-men-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-keep-it-up-2-0
#10
Brian Mustanski, Krystal Madkins, George J Greene, Jeffrey T Parsons, Brent A Johnson, Patrick Sullivan, Michael Bass, Rebekah Abel
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections are increasing among young men who have sex with men (YMSM), yet few HIV prevention programs have studied this population. Keep It Up! (KIU!), an online HIV prevention program tailored to diverse YMSM, was developed to fill this gap. The KIU! 2.0 randomized controlled trial (RCT) was launched to establish intervention efficacy. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the KIU! study is to advance scientific knowledge of technology-based behavioral HIV prevention, as well as improve public health by establishing the efficacy of an innovative electronic health (eHealth) prevention program for ethnically and racially diverse YMSM...
January 7, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060042/hiv-infected-children-in-malawi-have-decreased-performance-on-the-6-minute-walk-test-with-preserved-cardiac-mechanics-regardless-of-antiretroviral-treatment-status
#11
Amy Sims Sanyahumbi, Mina Hosseinipour, Danielle Guffey, Irving Hoffman, Peter N Kazembe, Madeline McCrary, Charles G Minard, Charles Van der Horst, Craig A Sable
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to (1) determine if cardiac disease can be detected in HIV-infected children by strain imaging, and (2) to evaluate differences in exercise performance between HIVinfected on and not yet on antiretroviral therapy (ART) and in HIV-uninfected children by 6- minute walk tests (6MWT) METHODS:: This cross-sectional study evaluated cardiac function by echocardiogram and exercise performance by 6MWT in HIV-infected and uninfected children ages 4 to 18 years in Lilongwe, Malawi...
January 3, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053012/phylogenetic-tools-for-generalized-hiv-1-epidemics-findings-from-the-pangea-hiv-methods-comparison
#12
Oliver Ratmann, Emma B Hodcroft, Michael Pickles, Anne Cori, Matthew Hall, Samantha Lycett, Caroline Colijn, Bethany Dearlove, Xavier Didelot, Simon Frost, A S Md Mukarram Hossain, Jeffrey B Joy, Michelle Kendall, Denise Kühnert, Gabriel E Leventhal, Richard Liang, Giacomo Plazzotta, Art F Y Poon, David A Rasmussen, Tanja Stadler, Erik Volz, Caroline Weis, Andrew J Leigh Brown, Christophe Fraser
Viral phylogenetic methods contribute to understanding how HIV spreads in populations, and thereby help guide the design of prevention interventions. So far, most analyses have been applied to well-sampled concentrated HIV-1 epidemics in wealthy countries. To direct the use of phylogenetic tools to where the impact of HIV-1 is greatest, the Phylogenetics And Networks for Generalized HIV Epidemics in Africa (PANGEA-HIV) consortium generates full-genome viral sequences from across sub-Saharan Africa. Analyzing these data presents new challenges, since epidemics are principally driven by heterosexual transmission and a smaller fraction of cases is sampled...
January 2017: Molecular Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051979/barriers-and-health-beliefs-related-to-weight-management-among-veterans-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#13
Shannon Munro, Emily Dinatale, Sarah Hartley, Monica St Jacques, Kris Ann Oursler
INTRODUCTION: The success of antiretroviral therapy has led to dramatic changes in causes of morbidity and mortality among U.S. Veterans with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Among the 25,000 Veterans treated for HIV, 70% are over age 50 and the rate of obesity has doubled in this population. Veterans with HIV have a 50% increased risk of myocardial infarction yet have limited presence in prevention-related programs designed to lower cardiovascular disease risk. METHODS: This mixed methods study (focus groups, Schwarzer and Renner physical activity, and nutrition self-efficacy questionnaires) was used to explore factors related to health behavior and identify barriers that overweight Veterans with HIV face in enrolling in the MOVE weight management program...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024673/health-status-and-years-of-sexually-active-life-among-older-men-and-women-in-south-africa
#14
Witness Chirinda, Nompumelelo Zungu
Little is known about sexual activity in old age, particularly in Africa. The objective of this paper is to estimate years of sexually active life for older men and women, and examine the association between sexual activity and self-rated health status. Data were extracted from two large cross sectional HIV household surveys conducted in 2005 and 2012 in South Africa. The Sullivan method was used to estimate sexually active life expectancy, whilst logistic regression was used to assess associations with sexual activity...
November 2016: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992037/the-dynamics-of-the-production-of-aids-related-stigma-among-pregnant-women-living-with-hiv-aids-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#15
Simone Monteiro, Wilza Villela, Livia Fraga, Priscilla Soares, Adriana Pinho
The study analyses the relationship between AIDS-related stigma and the processes of discrimination prior to diagnosis among pregnant women living with HIV/AIDS. The fieldwork involved interviews about the life trajectories of 29 pregnant women living with HIV/AIDS, recruited at two AIDS services in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The analysis revealed that before HIV diagnosis, social and gender inequalities experienced by these women reduced their access to material and symbolic goods that could have enhanced educational and career prospects and their ability and autonomy to exercise sexual and reproductive rights...
December 15, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940700/acceptability-of-family-centered-advanced-care-planning-for-adolescents-with-hiv
#16
Ronald H Dallas, Allison Kimmel, Megan L Wilkins, Sohail Rana, Ana Garcia, Yao I Cheng, Jichuan Wang, Maureen E Lyon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Small pilot studies support the appropriateness of engaging adolescents with chronic or life-limiting illnesses in pediatric advance care planning (pACP). We do not yet know if pACP is acceptable, feasible, and worthwhile, even if emotionally intense, in a fully powered randomized controlled trial. METHODS: We conducted a prospective 2-arm randomized controlled trial at 6 US urban hospitals. Adolescent/family member dyads were randomized to receive the 1-session-a-week 3-session FAmily-CEntered Advance Care Planning (FACE) pACP intervention (1, ACP Survey; 2, Goals of Care Conversation/Treatment Preferences; 3, Completion of Advance Directive) or active comparator (1, Developmental History; 2, Safety Tips; 3, Nutrition/Exercise)...
December 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929355/global-physical-activity-levels-among-people-living-with-hiv-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Davy Vancampfort, James Mugisha, Marc De Hert, Michel Probst, Joseph Firth, Paul Gorczynski, Brendon Stubbs
PURPOSE: It is unclear how much physical activity people living with HIV (PLWH) engage in. We conducted a meta-analysis to investigate physical activity levels and its predictors in PLWH. METHODS: PubMed, PsycARTICLES, and CINAHL Plus were searched by two independent reviewers from inception till 1 April 2016 using the keywords: "HIV" OR "AIDS" AND "physical activity" OR "exercise" OR "sports". A random effects meta-analysis was conducted. RESULTS: Across 24 studies including 34 physical activity levels there were 3780 (2471♂) PLWH (mean age range: 37-58 years)...
December 8, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919397/a-national-standards-based-assessment-on-functionality-of-electronic-medical-records-systems-used-in-kenyan-public-sector-health-facilities
#18
REVIEW
Samuel Kang'a, Nancy Puttkammer, Steven Wanyee, Davies Kimanga, Jason Madrano, Veronica Muthee, Patrick Odawo, Anjali Sharma, Tom Oluoch, Katherine Robinson, James Kwach, William B Lober
BACKGROUND: Variations in the functionality, content and form of electronic medical record systems (EMRs) challenge national roll-out of these systems as part of a national strategy to monitor HIV response. To enforce the EMRs minimum requirements for delivery of quality HIV services, the Kenya Ministry of Health (MoH) developed EMRs standards and guidelines. The standards guided the recommendation of EMRs that met a preset threshold for national roll-out. METHODS: Using a standards-based checklist, six review teams formed by the MoH EMRs Technical Working Group rated a total of 17 unique EMRs in 28 heath facilities selected by individual owners for their optimal EMR implementation...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892704/the-effects-of-a-16-week-aerobic-exercise-programme-on-cognitive-function-in-people-living-with-hiv
#19
Adam McDermott, Lilia Zaporojan, Patricia McNamara, Colin P Doherty, Janice Redmond, Cuisle Forde, John Gormley, Mikel Egaña, Colm Bergin
High levels of cardiovascular fitness and physical activity are associated with higher levels of cognitive function in people with HIV, thus, they may reduce the risk of developing HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND). This study aimed to investigate the effects of a 16-week aerobic exercise intervention on cognitive function in people with HIV. Eleven participants living with HIV were recruited into the study. Participants were randomised into either an exercise group (n = 5), that completed a 16-week aerobic exercise programme training, 3 times per week (2 supervised sessions and one unsupervised session) or a control group (n = 6) that received no intervention...
November 28, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858872/physical-fitness-characteristics-of-active-duty-us-air-force-members-with-hiv-infection
#20
Asha De, Xiaohe Xu, James White, Thankam S Sunil, Jason F Okulicz
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is associated with reduced muscle mass and adverse metabolic effects. We evaluated the impact of HIV infection on longitudinal exercise performance in US Air Force (USAF) members with HIV infection.USAF members perform standardized fitness assessments every 6 to 12 months with a composite score comprised of abdominal circumference, push-ups, sit-ups, and 1.5-mile run. Fitness tests between 2004 and 2014 for male USAF members with HIV infection (n = 172) were compared with male HIV-negative controls (∼10 per case; n = 1636) matched by age and rank category at service entry...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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