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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423279/physiotherapy-for-people-with-mental-health-problems-in-sub-saharan-african-countries-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Michel Probst, James Mugisha
Background: There is a need for psychosocial interventions to address the escalating mental health burden in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Physiotherapists could have a central role in reducing the burden and facilitating recovery within the multidisciplinary care of people with mental health problems. The aim of this systematic review was to explore the role of physiotherapists within the current mental health policies of SSA countries and to explore the current research evidence for physiotherapy to improve functional outcomes in people with mental health problems in SSA...
2018: Archives of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400626/short-term-folinic-acid-supplementation-and-aerobic-exercise-improve-vascular-reactivity-in-hiv-infected-individuals
#2
Shana S Grigoletti, Jorge P Ribeiro, Eduardo Sprinz, Paula A B Ribeiro
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of supervised exercise and folinic acid supplementation on endothelial function in HIV-infected individuals. A randomized clinical trial, double blinded, was conducted with 16 HIV-infected individuals, antiretroviral therapy (at least 6 months) with undetectable viral load (<50 copies/mL), and CD4 count > 200 cells/mm3. The subjects were randomized to aerobic exercise (n = 5) and daily intake for 4 weeks of 5 mg of folinic acid (n = 6) or placebo (n = 5) groups...
February 5, 2018: HIV Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383967/developing-faithh-methods-to-develop-a-faith-based-hiv-stigma-reduction-intervention-in-the-rural-south
#3
Erin L P Bradley, Madeline Y Sutton, Eric Cooks, Brittney Washington-Ball, Zaneta Gaul, Susan Gaskins, Pamela Payne-Foster
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disproportionately affects Blacks/African Americans, particularly those residing in the southern United States. HIV-related stigma adversely affects strategies to successfully engage people in HIV education, prevention, and care. Interventions targeting stigma reduction are vital as additional tools to move toward improved outcomes with HIV prevention and care, consistent with national goals. Faith institutions in the South have been understudied as partners in HIV stigma-reduction efforts, and some at-risk, Black/African American communities are involved with southern faith institutions...
January 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376434/exercise-and-cognitive-function-in-people-living-with-hiv-a-scoping-review
#4
Adria Quigley, Kelly O'Brien, Robin Parker, Marilyn MacKay-Lyons
BACKGROUND: Since the advent of antiretrovirals, people with HIV are living longer and have improved quality of life. However, 30-60% of these individuals experience cognitive impairment. Fortunately, physical activity has emerged as a management strategy for cognitive impairment. PURPOSE: To map the evidence on physical activity and cognition in HIV. METHODS: We searched five databases using terms related to physical activity and HIV. Two authors independently reviewed titles and abstracts for studies that addressed physical activity/exercise and cognition in people with HIV...
January 29, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373392/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-systemchange-intervention-on-behaviors-related-to-cardiovascular-risk-in-hiv-adults
#5
Allison R Webel, Shirley M Moore, Chris T Longenecker, Jackson Currie, Christine Horvat Davey, Joseph Perazzo, Abdus Sattar, Richard A Josephson
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of a lifestyle behavior intervention (SystemCHANGE) on physical activity and diet quality among sedentary people living with HIV (PLHIV). All participants expressed a desire to improve lifestyle health behaviors. METHODS: One-hundred and six HIV+ adults were randomized to either the intervention (six, in-person, standardized group sessions focusing on improving lifestyle behaviors) or a control condition (general advice on AHA diet and exercise guidelines)...
January 23, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369167/hiv-viral-suppression-and-geospatial-patterns-of-hiv-antiretroviral-therapy-treatment-facility-use-in-rakai-uganda
#6
Veena G Billioux, Mary K Grabowski, Joseph Ssekasanvu, Steven J Reynolds, Amanda Berman, Jeremiah Bazaale, Eshan U Patel, Eva Bugos, Anthony Ndyanabo, Alice Kisakye, Joseph Kagaayi, Ronald H Gray, Gertrude Nakigozi, Robert Ssekubugu, Fred Nalugoda, David Serwadda, Maria J Wawer, Larry W Chang
OBJECTIVE: To assess geospatial patterns of HIV antiretroviral therapy (ART) treatment facility use and whether they were impacted by viral load (VL) suppression. METHODS: We extracted data on the location and type of care services utilized by HIV-positive persons accessing ART between February 2015 and September 2016 from the Rakai Community Cohort Study (RCCS) in Uganda. The distance from RCCS households to facilities offering ART was calculated using the open street map road network...
January 23, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362054/exercise-and-positive-living-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-aids
#7
REVIEW
Jason R Jaggers
Evidence would suggest that regardless of disease status, people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS can obtain similar health benefits from routine physical activity reported within general populations. Research has shown significant improvements among psychological and physiologic variables within the first 5 to 6 weeks of beginning a routine physical activity program. Daily activity has shown promising results in other clinical populations, but there is still a paucity of research that limits evidence among the HIV population...
March 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329940/cardiovascular-risk-reduction-in-persons-living-with-hiv-treatment-development-feasibility-and-preliminary-results
#8
Patricia A Cioe, Kate M Guthrie, Matthew S Freiberg, David M Williams, Christopher W Kahler
Persons living with HIV (PLWH) have elevated risks for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Our goal was to develop and pilot test a tailored intervention to improve CVD risk perception and the adoption of heart-healthy behaviors. In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with 30 PLWH participants to examine learning needs and preferences. An intervention manual was developed and tested in an open pilot with eight participants. Participants were stable on antiretroviral therapy and were recruited from two urban HIV clinics in the northeastern United States...
December 5, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298326/understanding-the-experience-and-manifestation-of-depression-in-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-harare-zimbabwe
#9
Nicola Willis, Webster Mavhu, Carol Wogrin, Abigail Mutsinze, Ashraf Kagee
BACKGROUND: Studies have found that adolescents living with HIV are at risk of depression, which in turn affects adherence to medication. This study explored the experience and manifestation of depression in adolescents living with HIV in Zimbabwe in order to inform intervention development. METHODS: We conducted a body mapping exercise with 21 HIV positive 15-19 years olds who had been diagnosed with major depressive disorder. Participants created a painted map of their body to assist them in expressing their somatic and emotional experiences in qualitative interviews...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230590/author-correction-research-priorities-for-the-intersection-of-alcohol-and-hiv-aids-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-priority-setting-exercise
#10
Sarah Gordon, Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus, Sarah Skeen, Charles Parry, Kendall Bryant, Mark Tomlinson
The original version of this article unfortunately contained an error in the co-authors name. The co-author names should be Sarah Gordon and Charles Parry instead of Sara Gordon and Charles Perry.
December 11, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227881/experiences-with-compulsory-drug-detention-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-bangkok-thailand-a-qualitative-study
#11
Thomas Kerr, Will Small, Prempreeda Pramoj Na Ayutthaya, Kanna Hayashi
BACKGROUND: Thailand has employed a system of compulsory drug detention centres (CDDCs) where drug users are confined following arrest. Although concerns regarding CDDCs persist, research focused on CDDCs in Thailand is limited. We undertook this study to explore experiences with CDDCs among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Thailand. METHODS: Data were derived from the Mitsampan Community Research Project, a mixed- methods study involving PWID in Bangkok. Between July 2011 and June 2012, semi-structured, in-depth interviews were conducted with PWID who had been exposed to CDDCs...
December 8, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204968/advantages-to-using-social-behavioral-models-of-medication-adherence-in-research-and-practice
#12
K Rivet Amico, M Mugavero, Marie A Krousel-Wood, Hayden B Bosworth, Jessica S Merlin
Achieving and sustaining high levels of adherence to medication regimens is essential to improving health outcomes, but continues to be a challenge for a sizable proportion of patients. Decades of research suggests that medication adherence is determined by a complex constellation of factors. Social-behavioral science research has focused on creating frameworks that identify which contextual, personal, social, or drug-related factors appear to most influence adherence. Comprehensive models of adherence propose specific structural relationships between these factors that can be used to plan for, implement, and monitor programs that seek to optimize adherence...
December 4, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197403/setting-priorities-for-knowledge-translation-of-cochrane-reviews-for-health-equity-evidence-for-equity
#13
Peter Tugwell, Jennifer Petkovic, Vivian Welch, Jennifer Vincent, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Rachel Churchill, Don deSavigny, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Tomas Pantoja
BACKGROUND: A focus on equity in health can be seen in many global development goals and reports, research and international declarations. With the development of a relevant framework and methods, the Campbell and Cochrane Equity Methods Group has encouraged the application of an 'equity lens' to systematic reviews, and many organizations publish reviews intended to address health equity. The purpose of the Evidence for Equity (E4E) project was to conduct a priority-setting exercise and apply an equity lens by developing a knowledge translation product comprising summaries of systematic reviews from the Cochrane Library...
December 2, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189426/the-influence-of-exercise-on-cardiovascular-health-in-sedentary-adults-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#14
Allison R Webel, Joseph Perazzo, Christopher T Longenecker, Trevor Jenkins, Abdus Sattar, Margaret Rodriguez, Nate Schreiner, Richard A Josephson
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle physical activity (ie, moderate physical activity during routine daily activities most days of the week) may benefit human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive adults who are at high risk for cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to describe lifestyle physical activity patterns in HIV-positive adults and to examine the influence of lifestyle physical activity on markers of cardiovascular health. Our secondary objective was to compare these relationships between HIV-positive adults and well-matched HIV-uninfected adults...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189306/does-a-rehabilitation-program-of-aerobic-and-progressive-resisted-exercises-influence-hiv-induced-distal-neuropathic-pain
#15
Sonill S Maharaj, Abdulsalm M Yakasai
OBJECTIVE: Distal symmetrical polyneuropathy (DSPN) is a common neurological sequela following HIV which leads to neuropathic pain and functional limitations. Rehabilitation programs with exercises are used to augment pharmacological therapy to relieve pain but appropriate and effective exercises are unknown. This study explored the safety and effect of moderate intensity aerobic exercises (AE) and progressive resisted exercises (PRE) for HIV-induced DSPN neuropathic pain. DESIGN: A randomized pre-test, post-test of 12 weeks of AE or PRE compared to a control...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161745/resting-autonomic-function-in-active-and-insufficiently-active-people-living-with-hiv
#16
Norberto Quiles, Carol Garber, Joseph Ciccolo
Autonomic dysfunction appears to be prevalent in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). However, there are limited data on the resting autonomic responses to exercise in active and insufficiently active PLWHA. We aimed to determine whether active PLWHA have better autonomic responses compared with insufficiently active PLWHA. Active PLWHA receiving anti-retroviral therapy (n=13) and insufficiently active PLWHA (n=10) were recruited. A 10-min recording of the supine electrocardiogram was taken. Resting heart rate variability was analyzed from this electrocardiogram...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143620/optimising-diagnosis-of-viraemic-hepatitis-c-infection-the-development-of-a-target-product-profile
#17
Elena Ivanova Reipold, Philippa Easterbrook, Alessandra Trianni, Nivedha Panneer, Douglas Krakower, Stefano Ongarello, Teri Roberts, Veronica Miller, Claudia Denkinger
BACKGROUND: The current low access to virological testing to confirm chronic viraemic HCV infection in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) is limiting the rollout of hepatitis C (HCV) care. Existing tests are complex, costly and require sophisticated laboratory infrastructure. Diagnostic manufacturers need guidance on the optimal characteristics a virological test needs to have to ensure the greatest impact on HCV diagnosis and treatment in LMIC. Our objective was to develop a target product profile (TPP) for diagnosis of HCV viraemia using a global stakeholder consensus-based approach...
November 1, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138182/disparities-in-the-quality-of-cardiovascular-care-between-hiv-infected-versus-hiv-uninfected-adults-in-the-united-states-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Joseph A Ladapo, Adam K Richards, Cassandra M DeWitt, Nina T Harawa, Steven Shoptaw, William E Cunningham, John N Mafi
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is emerging as a major cause of morbidity and mortality among patients with HIV. We compared use of national guideline-recommended cardiovascular care during office visits among HIV-infected versus HIV-uninfected adults. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed data from a nationally representative sample of HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected patients aged 40 to 79 years in the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey/National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, 2006 to 2013...
November 14, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136655/socio-behavioral-risk-factors-among-older-adults-living-with-hiv-in-thailand
#19
Patou Masika Musumari, Arunrat Tangmunkongvorakul, Kriengkrai Srithanavibooncha, Mitchell D Feldman, Wathee Sitthi, Kittipan Rerkasem, Teeranee Techasrivichien, S Pilar Suguimoto, Masako Ono-Kihara, Masahiro Kihara
BACKGROUND: There has been a global increase in HIV infection in persons 50 years of age and older. This group is at risk for development of chronic illness that may be exacerbated by socio-behavioral risk factors such as smoking, unhealthy alcohol use, and sedentary lifestyle. However, socio-behavioral risk factors in this older HIV infected population are not well described. The current study aims to describe and document factors related to alcohol use, tobacco smoking, and physical exercise in older adults living with HIV (OALHIV)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119865/exercise-and-mental-health-of-people-living-with-hiv-a-systematic-review
#20
Sanaz Nosrat, James W Whitworth, Joseph T Ciccolo
Objective Mental illness is highly prevalent among people living with HIV. Poor mental health is linked to HIV disease progression, making the treatment of mental illness alongside HIV essential. While the benefits of exercise on the physical health of people living with HIV are well established, the effect of exercise on mental health in this population is less examined. Therefore, this study aimed to conduct a systematic literature review of the effects of exercise on mental health in people living with HIV...
December 2017: Chronic Illness
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