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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230590/author-correction-research-priorities-for-the-intersection-of-alcohol-and-hiv-aids-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-priority-setting-exercise
#1
Sarah Gordon, Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus, Sarah Skeen, Charles Parry, Kendall Bryant, Mark Tomlinson
The original version of this article unfortunately contained an error in the co-authors name. The co-author names should be Sarah Gordon and Charles Parry instead of Sara Gordon and Charles Perry.
December 11, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227881/experiences-with-compulsory-drug-detention-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-bangkok-thailand-a-qualitative-study
#2
Thomas Kerr, Will Small, Prempreeda Pramoj Na Ayutthaya, Kanna Hayashi
BACKGROUND: Thailand has employed a system of compulsory drug detention centres (CDDCs) where drug users are confined following arrest. Although concerns regarding CDDCs persist, research focused on CDDCs in Thailand is limited. We undertook this study to explore experiences with CDDCs among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Thailand. METHODS: Data were derived from the Mitsampan Community Research Project, a mixed- methods study involving PWID in Bangkok. Between July 2011 and June 2012, semi-structured, in-depth interviews were conducted with PWID who had been exposed to CDDCs...
December 8, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204968/advantages-to-using-social-behavioral-models-of-medication-adherence-in-research-and-practice
#3
K Rivet Amico, M Mugavero, Marie A Krousel-Wood, Hayden B Bosworth, Jessica S Merlin
Achieving and sustaining high levels of adherence to medication regimens is essential to improving health outcomes, but continues to be a challenge for a sizable proportion of patients. Decades of research suggests that medication adherence is determined by a complex constellation of factors. Social-behavioral science research has focused on creating frameworks that identify which contextual, personal, social, or drug-related factors appear to most influence adherence. Comprehensive models of adherence propose specific structural relationships between these factors that can be used to plan for, implement, and monitor programs that seek to optimize adherence...
December 4, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197403/setting-priorities-for-knowledge-translation-of-cochrane-reviews-for-health-equity-evidence-for-equity
#4
Peter Tugwell, Jennifer Petkovic, Vivian Welch, Jennifer Vincent, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Rachel Churchill, Don deSavigny, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Tomas Pantoja
BACKGROUND: A focus on equity in health can be seen in many global development goals and reports, research and international declarations. With the development of a relevant framework and methods, the Campbell and Cochrane Equity Methods Group has encouraged the application of an 'equity lens' to systematic reviews, and many organizations publish reviews intended to address health equity. The purpose of the Evidence for Equity (E4E) project was to conduct a priority-setting exercise and apply an equity lens by developing a knowledge translation product comprising summaries of systematic reviews from the Cochrane Library...
December 2, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189426/the-influence-of-exercise-on-cardiovascular-health-in-sedentary-adults-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#5
Allison R Webel, Joseph Perazzo, Christopher T Longenecker, Trevor Jenkins, Abdus Sattar, Margaret Rodriguez, Nate Schreiner, Richard A Josephson
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle physical activity (ie, moderate physical activity during routine daily activities most days of the week) may benefit human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive adults who are at high risk for cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to describe lifestyle physical activity patterns in HIV-positive adults and to examine the influence of lifestyle physical activity on markers of cardiovascular health. Our secondary objective was to compare these relationships between HIV-positive adults and well-matched HIV-uninfected adults...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189306/does-a-rehabilitation-program-of-aerobic-and-progressive-resisted-exercises-influence-hiv-induced-distal-neuropathic-pain
#6
Sonill S Maharaj, Abdulsalm M Yakasai
OBJECTIVE: Distal symmetrical polyneuropathy (DSPN) is a common neurological sequela following HIV which leads to neuropathic pain and functional limitations. Rehabilitation programs with exercises are used to augment pharmacological therapy to relieve pain but appropriate and effective exercises are unknown. This study explored the safety and effect of moderate intensity aerobic exercises (AE) and progressive resisted exercises (PRE) for HIV-induced DSPN neuropathic pain. DESIGN: A randomized pre-test, post-test of 12 weeks of AE or PRE compared to a control...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161745/resting-autonomic-function-in-active-and-insufficiently-active-people-living-with-hiv
#7
Norberto Quiles, Carol Garber, Joseph Ciccolo
Autonomic dysfunction appears to be prevalent in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). However, there are limited data on the resting autonomic responses to exercise in active and insufficiently active PLWHA. We aimed to determine whether active PLWHA have better autonomic responses compared with insufficiently active PLWHA. Active PLWHA receiving anti-retroviral therapy (n=13) and insufficiently active PLWHA (n=10) were recruited. A 10-min recording of the supine electrocardiogram was taken. Resting heart rate variability was analyzed from this electrocardiogram...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143620/optimising-diagnosis-of-viraemic-hepatitis-c-infection-the-development-of-a-target-product-profile
#8
Elena Ivanova Reipold, Philippa Easterbrook, Alessandra Trianni, Nivedha Panneer, Douglas Krakower, Stefano Ongarello, Teri Roberts, Veronica Miller, Claudia Denkinger
BACKGROUND: The current low access to virological testing to confirm chronic viraemic HCV infection in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) is limiting the rollout of hepatitis C (HCV) care. Existing tests are complex, costly and require sophisticated laboratory infrastructure. Diagnostic manufacturers need guidance on the optimal characteristics a virological test needs to have to ensure the greatest impact on HCV diagnosis and treatment in LMIC. Our objective was to develop a target product profile (TPP) for diagnosis of HCV viraemia using a global stakeholder consensus-based approach...
November 1, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138182/disparities-in-the-quality-of-cardiovascular-care-between-hiv-infected-versus-hiv-uninfected-adults-in-the-united-states-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Joseph A Ladapo, Adam K Richards, Cassandra M DeWitt, Nina T Harawa, Steven Shoptaw, William E Cunningham, John N Mafi
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is emerging as a major cause of morbidity and mortality among patients with HIV. We compared use of national guideline-recommended cardiovascular care during office visits among HIV-infected versus HIV-uninfected adults. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed data from a nationally representative sample of HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected patients aged 40 to 79 years in the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey/National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, 2006 to 2013...
November 14, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136655/socio-behavioral-risk-factors-among-older-adults-living-with-hiv-in-thailand
#10
Patou Masika Musumari, Arunrat Tangmunkongvorakul, Kriengkrai Srithanavibooncha, Mitchell D Feldman, Wathee Sitthi, Kittipan Rerkasem, Teeranee Techasrivichien, S Pilar Suguimoto, Masako Ono-Kihara, Masahiro Kihara
BACKGROUND: There has been a global increase in HIV infection in persons 50 years of age and older. This group is at risk for development of chronic illness that may be exacerbated by socio-behavioral risk factors such as smoking, unhealthy alcohol use, and sedentary lifestyle. However, socio-behavioral risk factors in this older HIV infected population are not well described. The current study aims to describe and document factors related to alcohol use, tobacco smoking, and physical exercise in older adults living with HIV (OALHIV)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119865/exercise-and-mental-health-of-people-living-with-hiv-a-systematic-review
#11
Sanaz Nosrat, James W Whitworth, Joseph T Ciccolo
Objective Mental illness is highly prevalent among people living with HIV. Poor mental health is linked to HIV disease progression, making the treatment of mental illness alongside HIV essential. While the benefits of exercise on the physical health of people living with HIV are well established, the effect of exercise on mental health in this population is less examined. Therefore, this study aimed to conduct a systematic literature review of the effects of exercise on mental health in people living with HIV...
December 2017: Chronic Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103846/bone-health-in-people-living-with-hiv-the-role-of-exercise-and-directions-for-future-research
#12
Joseph D Perazzo, Allison R Webel, Carl J Fichtenbaum, Grace A McComsey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991025/the-costs-of-hiv-treatment-and-care-in-ghana
#13
Evelinn Mikkelsen, Jan A C Hontelez, Justice Nonvignon, Sam Amon, Felix A Asante, Moses K Aikins, Julie van de Haterd, Rob Baltussen
OBJECTIVE: To determine cost functions that describe the dynamics of costs of HIV treatment and care in Ghana by CD4 cell count at treatment initiation and over time on antiretroviral therapy (ART). DESIGN: We used detailed longitudinal healthcare utilization data from clinical health records of HIV-infected patients at seven Ghanaian ART clinics to estimate cost functions of treatment and care by CD4 cell count at treatment initiation and time on ART. METHODS: We developed two linear regression models; one with individual random effects to determine the relationship between CD4 cell count at ART initiation and costs of treatment and care, and one with individual fixed effects to determine the causal effect of time in care on costs of treatment and care...
October 23, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985914/a-multinational-qualitative-investigation-of-the-perspectives-and-drivers-of-exercise-and-dietary-behaviors-in-people-living-with-hiv
#14
Allison R Webel, Joseph D Perazzo, Carol Dawson-Rose, Carolyn Smith, Patrice K Nicholas, Marta Rivero-Méndez, Solymar S Solís-Báez, Lucille Sanzero Eller, Mallory O Johnson, Inge B Corless, Teri Lindgren, William L Holzemer, Jeanne K Kemppainen, Paula Reid, Keitshokile Dintle Mogobe, Ella Matshediso, Kathleen Nokes, Carmen J Portillo
Globally, people living with HIV (PLWH) are at remarkably high risk for developing chronic comorbidities. While exercise and healthy eating reduce and mitigate chronic comorbidites, PLWH like many others, often fail to engage in recommended levels. We qualitatively examined the perspectives and contextual drivers of diet and exercise reported by PLWH and their health care providers. Two hundred and six participants across eight sites in the United States, Puerto Rico and Botswana described one overarching theme, Arranging Priorities, and four subthemes Defining Health, Perceived Importance of Diet and Exercise, Competing Needs, and Provider Influence...
October 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979100/acceptability-of-community-based-adherence-clubs-among-health-facility-staff-in-south-africa-a-qualitative-study
#15
Ndumiso Tshuma, Ofentse Mosikare, Jessica A Yun, Olufunke A Alaba, Meera S Maheedhariah, Keith Muloongo, Peter S Nyasulu
BACKGROUND: Patient retention in care for HIV/AIDS is a critical challenge for antiretroviral treatment programs. Community-based adherence programs (CBAPs) as compared to health care facility-based adherence programs have been considered as one of the options to provide treatment maintenance support for groups of patients on antiretroviral therapy. Such an approach provides a way of enhancing self-management of the patient's condition. In addition, CBAPs have been implemented to support antiretroviral treatment expansion in resource-limited settings...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975440/research-priorities-for-the-intersection-of-alcohol-and-hiv-aids-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-priority-setting-exercise
#16
Sara Gordon, Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus, Sarah Skeen, Charles Perry, Kendall Bryant, Mark Tomlinson
The harmful use of alcohol is a component cause for more than 200 diseases. The association between alcohol consumption, risk taking behavior and a range of infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS is well established. The prevalence of HIV/AIDS as well as harmful alcohol use in low and middle income countries is high. Alcohol has been identified as a modifiable risk factor in the prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS. The objective of this paper is to define research priorities for the interaction of alcohol and HIV/AIDS in low and middle income countries...
November 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974351/accommodating-indigenous-nurse-initiated-and-managed-antiretroviral-therapy-nimart-reporting-in-a-developing-country-context
#17
Alistair M Brown
Financial reporting represents a critical tool in eliminating HIV across Papua New Guinea (PNG). Using the tenets of the theory of indigenous alternative reporting, this paper considers how the PNG Nursing Council may accommodate nurse-initiated and managed antiretroviral therapy (NIMART) reporting. Textual analysis of indigenous reporting expectations placed on the PNG Nursing Council are examined in a NIMART context to examine levels of reporting compliance exercised by council administrators from year-end reports (1980 to 2016) to accommodate NIMART reporting...
September 21, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948451/a-diagnostic-approach-to-stroke-in-young-adults
#18
REVIEW
Christopher A Stack, John W Cole
Optimal diagnosis and management of stroke in young adults benefit from a multidisciplinary team, including a vascular neurology specialist. In addition to the "standard" vascular risk factors including smoking, hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia, one needs to consider alternative etiologies including substance abuse, carotid/vertebral artery dissections, and rare genetic conditions among others. Once a young patient is determined to have had a stroke, the next question a clinician should ask is why did this patient have a stroke? A "heart to head" diagnostic approach is recommended...
September 25, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937582/design-of-the-exercise-mri-evaluation-of-hiv-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-longitudinal-determinants-exhalted-trial
#19
Mohamad Amer Alaiti, Aditya Goud, Gautam Ramani, Sashwatee Bagchi, Sadeer Al-Kindi, Steven Sawicki, Christopher Longenecker, Trevor Jenkins, David Pauza, Myung Park, Grace McComsey, Orlando Simonetti, Brian Hoit, Sanjay Rajagopalan
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a potentially serious cause of dyspnea and exercise limitation in patients with HIV infection. In this trial, we propose using exercise MRI in conjunction with cardiopulmonary testing to delineate PAH from other causes of cardiovascular dysfunction, identify individuals with exercise-induced PAH who are at high risk of developing resting PAH, and provide longitudinal estimates of progression of PAH and right ventricular function. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, HIV patients with dyspnea and exercise limitation in the absence of identifiable causes and those who meet the inclusion criteria will be enrolled based on resting pulmonary artery pressure (≤ or >40 mmHg) on a screening echocardiogram and exercise limitation on the Modified Medical Research Council dyspnea scale...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935198/obesity-in-america
#20
Raul J Rosenthal, John Morton, Stacy Brethauer, Samer Mattar, Eric De Maria, Jennifer K Benz, Jennifer Titus, David Sterrett
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity in America continues to grow significantly. Awareness and understanding of the disease of obesity and treatment options for it appear to be lacking among the general US population. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify misperceptions in diagnosis and treatment of obesity, struggles Americans face in obtaining treatment, consequences of obesity, and perceived barriers to weight loss. SETTING: University hospital, United States...
October 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
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