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Marisa Schlichthorst, Kylie King, Jackie Turnure, Suku Sukunesan, Andrea Phelps, Jane Pirkis
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that some dominant aspects of traditional masculinity are contributing to the high suicide rates among Australian men. We developed a three-episode documentary called Man Up, which explores the complex relationship between masculinity and suicide and encourages men to question socially imposed rules about what it means to be a man and asks them to open up, express difficult emotions, and seek help if and when needed. We ran a three-phase social media campaign alongside the documentary using 5 channels (Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, YouTube, and Tumblr)...
February 15, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Rhys Bevan Jones, Anita Thapar, Frances Rice, Harriet Beeching, Rachel Cichosz, Becky Mars, Daniel J Smith, Sally Merry, Paul Stallard, Ian Jones, Ajay K Thapar, Sharon A Simpson
BACKGROUND: Depression is common in adolescence and leads to distress and impairment in individuals, families and carers. Treatment and prevention guidelines highlight the key role of information and evidence-based psychosocial interventions not only for individuals but also for their families and carers. Engaging young people in prevention and early intervention programs is a challenge, and early treatment and prevention of adolescent depression is a major public health concern. There has been growing interest in psychoeducational interventions to provide accurate information about health issues and to enhance and develop self-management skills...
February 15, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Li-Ang Lee, Yi-Ping Chao, Chung-Guei Huang, Ji-Tseng Fang, Shu-Ling Wang, Cheng-Keng Chuang, Chung-Jan Kang, Li-Jen Hsin, Wan-Ni Lin, Tuan-Jen Fang, Hsueh-Yu Li
BACKGROUND: Electronic learning (e-learning) through mobile technology represents a novel way to teach emergent otorhinolaryngology-head and neck surgery (ORL-HNS) disorders to undergraduate medical students. Whether a cognitive style of education combined with learning modules can impact learning outcomes and satisfaction in millennial medical students is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of cognitive styles and learning modules using mobile e-learning on knowledge gain, competence gain, and satisfaction for emergent ORL-HNS disorders...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Carola F van Eck, Aneet Toor, Michael B Banffy, Ralph A Gambardella
Background: A good patient-surgeon relationship relies on adequate preoperative education and counseling. Several multimedia resources, such as web-based education tools, have become available to enhance aspects of perioperative care. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of an interactive web-based education tool on perioperative patient satisfaction scores after outpatient orthopaedic surgery. It was hypothesized that web-based education prior to outpatient orthopaedic surgery enhances patient satisfaction scores...
January 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Y Pulijala, M Ma, M Pears, D Peebles, A Ayoub
Virtual reality (VR) surgery using Oculus Rift and Leap Motion devices is a multi-sensory, holistic surgical training experience. A multimedia combination including 360° videos, three-dimensional interaction, and stereoscopic videos in VR has been developed to enable trainees to experience a realistic surgery environment. The innovation allows trainees to interact with the individual components of the maxillofacial anatomy and apply surgical instruments while watching close-up stereoscopic three-dimensional videos of the surgery...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
David Haldane Lee
An exhibit about cardiology at a science museum is an elaborate form of health communication, with messaging happening across text, pictures, models, and videos. This qualitative case study uses concepts of speech act sequencing and interpellation to explain a series of multimodal exhibits about cardiovascular health. Health exhibits are described as verbal and audiovisual arguments combining assertions of information; directives to change behavior, and designations of risk candidacy-or sequences of assertive, directive, and declarative speech acts...
February 2, 2018: Health Communication
Brad Manor, Wanting Yu, Hao Zhu, Rachel Harrison, On-Yee Lo, Lewis Lipsitz, Thomas Travison, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, Junhong Zhou
BACKGROUND: Walking is a complex cognitive motor task that is commonly completed while performing another task such as talking or making decisions. Gait assessments performed under normal and "dual-task" walking conditions thus provide important insights into health. Such assessments, however, are limited primarily to laboratory-based settings. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to create and test a smartphone-based assessment of normal and dual-task walking for use in nonlaboratory settings...
January 30, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Victor Grech
PowerPoint™ and other slideware have the potential to be overused and abused. Presentations should be tailored using scientifically derived principles in order to maximise teaching potential. This paper applies the Mayer Multimedia Learning Theory (with its twelve evidence-based principles of multimedia design) to medical slide show presentations. The best way to avoid audience boredom or mortification is to adhere to these precepts. Presentations stand or fall on the quality, relevance, and integrity of the content...
January 2018: Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine
Behrooz Zarei, Sina Valiee, Bijan Nouri, Fatemeh Khosravi, Mohammad Fathi
This study was a randomised clinical trial on 60 candidates undergoing lumbar disc herniation surgery. Anxiety rate and vital signs were measured before and after the intervention. There was a statistically significant difference between the two groups in terms of the preoperative anxiety, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, pulse and respiratory rate (P = 0.0001). Neurosurgery perioperative nurses can make use of multimedia in preoperative nursing visit based on the needs of patients.
January 2018: Journal of Perioperative Practice
Rehan Ashraf, Mudassar Ahmed, Sohail Jabbar, Shehzad Khalid, Awais Ahmad, Sadia Din, Gwangil Jeon
Due to recent development in technology, the complexity of multimedia is significantly increased and the retrieval of similar multimedia content is a open research problem. Content-Based Image Retrieval (CBIR) is a process that provides a framework for image search and low-level visual features are commonly used to retrieve the images from the image database. The basic requirement in any image retrieval process is to sort the images with a close similarity in term of visually appearance. The color, shape and texture are the examples of low-level image features...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
Nnm Kwan, Amh Wong, Y Fang, Z Wang
OBJECTIVES: 'Get an early check - chrysanthemum tea' was a multimedia campaign promoting HIV testing targeting Chinese-speaking men who have sex with men (MSM) in Hong Kong, China. It ran from October to December 2015. This study was carried out to investigate the level of campaign exposure among Chinese-speaking MSM in Hong Kong and the association between uptake of HIV testing in the last 6 months and campaign exposure. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted 6 months after the campaign was launched...
January 24, 2018: HIV Medicine
Michelle Flood, John C Hayden, Bernadette Bourke, Paul J Gallagher, Sam Maher
Objective. To evaluate worked example video podcasts as a method of providing feedback to pharmacy interns for an online and formative pharmaceutical calculations assessment. Methods. A theory-informed approach based on multimedia learning theory was used to design video podcasts as feedback on a calculations examination. A mixed-methods evaluation completed by pharmacy interns enrolled in Ireland's National Pharmacy Internship Programme was used to establish cognitive and affective attitudes toward video podcasts compared with conventional written solutions...
December 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Haiyang Chen, Lijun Jing, Yanguo Teng, Jinsheng Wang
As a result of the widespread use of antibiotics, a large amount of excretion from human and animals containing antibiotic residues was discharged into the environment with wastewaters and manures, leading to potential adverse effects on ecosystem health. To understand the environmental fate of antibiotics, a dynamic level IV fugacity model was established here by introducing the novel process of nondiffusive wastewater irrigation from water to soil, and applied to a large-scale water-scarce region, the megacity Beijing...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Denis Rosário, Matias Schimuneck, João Camargo, Jéferson Nobre, Cristiano Both, Juergen Rochol, Mario Gerla
A wide range of multimedia services is expected to be offered for mobile users via various wireless access networks. Even the integration of Cloud Computing in such networks does not support an adequate Quality of Experience (QoE) in areas with high demands for multimedia contents. Fog computing has been conceptualized to facilitate the deployment of new services that cloud computing cannot provide, particularly those demanding QoE guarantees. These services are provided using fog nodes located at the network edge, which is capable of virtualizing their functions/applications...
January 24, 2018: Sensors
Helen W Sullivan, Amie C O'Donoghue, Jennifer Gard Read, Jacqueline B Amoozegar, Kathryn J Aikin, Douglas J Rupert
BACKGROUND: Direct-to-consumer (DTC) promotion of prescription drugs can affect consumer behaviors and health outcomes, and Internet drug promotion is growing rapidly. Branded drug websites often capitalize on the multimedia capabilities of the Internet by using videos to emphasize drug benefits and characteristics. However, it is unknown how such videos affect consumer processing of drug information. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine how videos on prescription drug websites, and the inclusion of risk information in those videos, influence consumer knowledge and perceptions...
January 23, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Fan Yang, Xiaoping Zeng, Haiwei Mao, Xin Jian, Xiaoheng Tan, Derong Du
The high demand for multimedia applications in environmental monitoring, invasion detection, and disaster aid has led to the rise of wireless sensor network (WSN). With the increase of reliability and diversity of information streams, the higher requirements on throughput and quality of service (QoS) have been put forward in data transmission between two sensor nodes. However, lower spectral efficiency becomes a bottleneck in non-line-of-sight (NLOS) transmission of WSN. This paper proposes a novel nondata-aided error vector magnitude based adaptive modulation (NDA-EVM-AM) to solve the problem...
January 15, 2018: Sensors
Yoshitaka Imaizumi, Noriyuki Suzuki, Fujio Shiraishi, Daisuke Nakajima, Shigeko Serizawa, Takeo Sakurai, Hiroaki Shiraishi
In pesticide risk management in Japan, predicted environmental concentrations are estimated by a tiered approach, and the Ministry of the Environment also performs field surveys to confirm the maximum concentrations of pesticides with risk concerns. To contribute to more efficient and effective field surveys, we developed the Pesticide Chemicals High Resolution Estimation Method (PeCHREM) for estimating spatially and temporally variable emissions of various paddy herbicides from paddy fields to the environment...
January 12, 2018: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
Antonio Di Guardo, Todd Gouin, Matthew MacLeod, Martin Scheringer
Environmental fate and exposure models are a powerful means to integrate information on chemicals, their partitioning and degradation behaviour, the environmental scenario and the emissions in order to compile a picture of chemical distribution and fluxes in the multimedia environment. A 1995 pioneering book, resulting from a series of workshops among model developers and users, reported the main advantages and identified needs for research in the field of multimedia fate models. Considerable efforts were devoted to their improvement in the past 25 years and many aspects were refined; notably the inclusion of nanomaterials among the modelled substances, the development of models at different spatial and temporal scales, the estimation of chemical properties and emission data, the incorporation of additional environmental media and processes, the integration of sensitivity and uncertainty analysis in the simulations...
January 9, 2018: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
Theresa A Cassidy, Eileen Thorley, Ryan A Black, Angela DeVeaugh-Geiss, Stephen F Butler, Paul Coplan
OBJECTIVE: To examine abuse prevalence for OxyContin and comparator opioids over a 6-year period prior to and following market entry of reformulated OxyContin and assess consistency in abuse across treatment settings and geographic regions. DESIGN: An observational study examining longitudinal changes using cross-sectional data from treatment centers for substance use disorder. SETTING: A total of 874 facilities in 39 states in the United States within the National Addictions Vigilance Intervention and Prevention Program (NAVIPPRO®) surveillance system...
November 2017: Journal of Opioid Management
James C Rosser, Jeffrey P Fleming, Timothy B Legare, Katherine M Choi, Jamie Nakagiri, Elliot Griffith
OBJECTIVE: To design and develop a distance learning (DL) system for the transference of laparoscopic surgery knowledge and skill constructed from off-the-shelf materials and commercially available software. INTRODUCTION: Minimally invasive surgery offers significant benefits over traditional surgical procedures, but adoption rates for many procedures are low. Skill and confidence deficits are two of the culprits. DL combined with simulation training and telementoring may address these issues with scale...
December 22, 2017: Surgical Technology International
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