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Aaron M Mulhall, Muhammad A Zafar, Samantha Record, Herman Channell, Ralph J Panos
BACKGROUND: Although inhaled medications are effective therapies for COPD, many patients and providers use them incorrectly. METHODS: We recruited providers who prescribe inhalers or teach inhaler technique and assessed their use of metered-dose inhalers (MDIs), various dry powder inhalers (DPIs), and Respimat using predefined checklists. Then they watched tablet-based multimedia educational videos that demonstrated correct inhaler technique by a clinical pharmacist with teach-back from a patient and were re-evaluated...
February 2017: Respiratory Care
William J Higgins, Kevin C Luczynski, Regina A Carroll, Wayne W Fisher, Oliver C Mudford
Recent advancements in telecommunication technologies make it possible to conduct a variety of healthcare services remotely (e.g., behavioral-analytic intervention services), thereby bridging the gap between qualified providers and consumers in isolated locations. In this study, web-based telehealth technologies were used to remotely train direct-care staff to conduct a multiple-stimulus-without-replacement preference assessment. The training package included three components: (a) a multimedia presentation; (b) descriptive feedback from previously recorded baseline sessions; and (c) scripted role-play with immediate feedback...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
Lisa M Soederberg Miller, Laurel A Beckett, Jacqueline J Bergman, Machelle D Wilson, Elizabeth A Applegate, Tanja N Gibson
BACKGROUND: Nutrition labels offer the information needed to follow Dietary Guidelines for Americans, yet many individuals use labels infrequently or ineffectively due to limited comprehension and the effort required to use them. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to develop and test a Web-based label-reading training tool to improve individuals' ability to use labels to select more healthful foods. We were particularly interested in determining whether practice can lead to increased accuracy using labels as well as decreased effort, together reflecting greater efficiency...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Joe Jabbour, Chris Milross, Puma Sundaresan, Ardalan Ebrahimi, Heather L Shepherd, Haryana M Dhillon, Gary Morgan, Bruce Ashford, Muzib Abdul-Razak, Eva Wong, Michael Veness, Carsten E Palme, Cate Froggatt, Ruben Cohen, Rafael Ekmejian, Jessica Tay, David Roshan, Jonathan R Clark
BACKGROUND: Head and neck cancer (HNC) encompasses a diverse group of tumors, and thus providing appropriate and tailored information to patients before, during, and after treatment is a challenge. The objective of the current study was to characterize the experience and unmet needs of patients with HNC with regard to information and support provision. METHODS: A 28-question, cross-sectional survey was completed by patients treated for HNC at 1 of 4 institutions in New South Wales, Australia (Chris O'Brien Lifehouse and Liverpool, Westmead, and Wollongong hospitals)...
January 12, 2017: Cancer
Richard S Irwin, John E Heffner, Jean Rice, Cynthia T French
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Chest
Michael Lam, Matthew Choi, Helen R Lam, Arnav Agarwal, Ronald Chow, Selina Chow, Leigha Rowbottom, Rachel McDonald, Henry Lam, Stephanie Chan, Edward Chow, Blair Henry
Pain is one of the most prominent symptoms faced by cancer patients. It is known that patient and caregiver-targeted educational interventions addressing the proper use of pain management may provide significant clinical value. This review examines the literature surrounding the use of multimedia interventions for patient and caregiver education (PCE) on pain management compared to traditional educational interventions. A literature search was conducted in Ovid MEDLINE (1946-July Week 2, 2016), Ovid Embase (1947-2016 Week 29), and Ovid Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (up to June 2016)...
November 30, 2016: Annals of Palliative Medicine
A Kesner
PURPOSE: Understanding the principles of 3D imaging and image reconstruction is fundamental to the field of medical imaging. Clinicians, technologists, physicists, patients, students, and inquisitive minds all stand to benefit from greater comprehension of the supporting technologies. To help explain the basic principles of 3D imaging, we developed multi-frame animations that convey the concepts of tomographic imaging. The series of free (gif) animations are accessible online, and provide a multimedia introduction to the main concepts of image reconstruction...
June 2016: Medical Physics
Lucy P Hooper, Emily A Myers, Jamie M Zoellner, Brenda M Davy, Valisa E Hedrick
Self-reported dietary assessment methods can be challenging to validate, and reporting errors for those with lower health literacy (HL) may be augmented. Interactive multimedia (IMM) based questionnaires could help overcome these limitations. The objectives of this investigation are to assess the comparative validity and sensitivity to change of an IMM beverage intake questionnaire (IMM-BEVQ) as compared to dietary recalls and determine the impact of HL. Adults completed three 24-h dietary recalls and the IMM-BEVQ at baseline and after a six-month intervention targeting either sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) or physical activity...
December 23, 2016: Nutrients
William D Evans, Darren Mays
BACKGROUND: Although skin cancer is largely preventable, it affects nearly 1 of 5 US adults. There is a need for research on how to optimally design persuasive public health indoor tanning prevention messages. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to examine whether framed messages on indoor tanning behavioral intentions delivered through short message service (SMS) text messaging would produce (1) positive responses to the messages, including message receptivity and emotional response; (2) indoor tanning efficacy beliefs, including response efficacy and self-efficacy; and (3) indoor tanning risk beliefs...
December 22, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Alexander C Ewing, Melissa J Kottke, Joan Marie Kraft, Jessica M Sales, Jennifer L Brown, Peggy Goedken, Jeffrey Wiener, Athena P Kourtis
BACKGROUND: African American adolescent females are at elevated risk for unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Dual protection (DP) is defined as concurrent prevention of pregnancy and STIs. This can be achieved by abstinence, consistent condom use, or the dual methods of condoms plus an effective non-barrier contraceptive. Previous clinic-based interventions showed short-term effects on increasing dual method use, but evidence of sustained effects on dual method use and decreased incident pregnancies and STIs are lacking...
December 19, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Shu-Fang Chang, Chich-Hsiu Hung, Yu-Yun Hsu, Yi Liu, Tsu-Nai Wang
BACKGROUND: Many studies have shown that providing health education before surgery may significantly increase health knowledge and decrease anxiety in both patients and their family members. However, few studies have compared the effects on pediatric outpatient surgery outcomes of different health education instruction modes. PURPOSE: This study compares the effects of two health education delivery modes on maternal knowledge and anxiety, the number of unexpected early hospital follow-up visits, and the time spent by nurses on health education...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
Ruisong Han, Wei Yang, Kaiming You
Safety production of coalmines is a task of top priority which plays an important role in guaranteeing, supporting and promoting the continuous development of the coal industry. Since traditional wireless sensor networks (WSNs) cannot fully meet the requirements of comprehensive environment monitoring of underground coalmines, wireless multimedia sensor networks (WMSNs), enabling the retrieval of multimedia information, are introduced to realize fine-grained and precise environment surveillance. In this paper, a framework for designing underground coalmine WMSNs based on Multi-Band Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiplexing Ultra-wide Band (MB-OFDM-UWB) is presented...
December 16, 2016: Sensors
Antonio Di Guardo, Melissa Morselli, Giuseppe Morabito, Matteo Semplice, Paul J Van den Brink, Frederik De Laender
In exposure prediction for environmental risk assessment, the transition to more dynamic and realistic modelling approaches and scenarios has been recently identified as a major challenge, since it would allow a more accurate prediction of bioavailable concentrations and their variations in space and time. In this work, an improved version of the multimedia model ChimERA fate, including a phytoplankton compartment and equations to calculate phytoplankton, detritus and dissolved organic matter variations in time, was developed...
December 17, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Ariane Bélanger-Gravel, Nicoleta Cutumisu, François Lagarde, Marilie Laferté, Lise Gauvin
To examine the short-term impact of the WIXX multimedia communication campaign on children's physical activity (PA) beliefs and behaviors, 3 repeated cross-sectional telephone surveys were conducted before, 9 months after, and 21 months after the launch of the campaign. A random-digit dialing procedure was used to recruit children ages 9 to 13 years. Children's PA beliefs, behaviors, and recall of the WIXX ads were self-reported. Logistic regression models showed that girls exposed to the WIXX ads were more likely to believe that PA would help to make new friends (odds ratio [OR] = 1...
January 2017: Journal of Health Communication
Xiaojie Guo, Yu Li, Haibin Ling
When one captures images in low-light conditions, the images often suffer from low visibility. Besides degrading the visual aesthetics of images, this poor quality may also significantly degenerate the performance of many computer vision and multimedia algorithms that are primarily designed for highquality inputs. In this paper, we propose a simple yet effective low-light image enhancement (LIME) method. More concretely, the illumination of each pixel is first estimated individually by finding the maximum value in R, G and B channels...
December 14, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
Catherine Fitzgerald, Emily Heery, Neasa Conneally, Barry Linnane, Sherly George, Patricia Fitzpatrick
OBJECTIVES: research suggests that information provided to parents about newborn bloodspot screening (NBS) can be inconsistent. The majority of international NBS programmes recommend that parents should receive information about NBS in the antenatal period, however prior studies have mostly focused on postnatal women's knowledge, with no quantitative study of women's knowledge in the antenatal period conducted to date. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine if antenatal women received information about NBS in the antenatal period and to evaluate their knowledge and attitudes about NBS...
November 21, 2016: Midwifery
R Coras, I Blümcke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
15, 2016: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
R Coras, I Blümcke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
15, 2016: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
R Coras, I Blümcke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1, 2016: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
R Coras, I Blümcke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
15, 2016: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
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