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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916618/-effects-on-female-healthcare-workers-of-the-ministry-of-health-campaign-against-tobacco-smoking
#1
Giuseppe La Torre, Sergio Guastamacchia, Alfio Barbagallo, Alice Mannocci
OBJECTIVES: Smoking prevalence among health care workers is higher in comparison with general population and the prevalence of women who smoke is higher than among men. In the prevention strategies the multimedia campaign may be a positive impact on the fight against tobacco. Objective. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of the last Italian campaign against smoking (Il fumo fammale) in the health care women workers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Latium and Sicily (Italy) in 2015, through an interview on memories and impressions about the spots and after a new vision of the spot and eventually other comments...
November 2017: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905667/burden-of-schizophrenia-or-psychosis-related-symptoms-in-adults-undergoing-substance-abuse-evaluation
#2
Kimberlee J Trudeau, Joanna Burtner, Albert J Villapiano, Megan Jones, Stephen F Butler, Kruti Joshi
This study evaluated the biopsychosocial characteristics of adults undergoing substance abuse evaluation with potential schizophrenia/psychotic disorder, or possible schizophrenia/psychosis-like symptoms, compared with those with no schizophrenia/psychosis-like symptoms. A cross-sectional, observational study examined 170,201 adults, aged 18 to 30, who completed the Addiction Severity Index-Multimedia Version (ASI-MV). Approximately 10% were classified as having possible schizophrenia/psychosis-like symptoms or potential schizophrenia/psychotic disorder...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898553/benzene-polycarboxylic-acid-a-useful-marker-for-condensed-organic-matter-but-not-for-only-pyrogenic-black-carbon
#3
Zhaofeng Chang, Luping Tian, Fangfang Li, Yuwei Zhou, Min Wu, Christian E W Steinberg, Xudong Dong, Bo Pan, Baoshan Xing
Benzene polycarboxylic acid (BPCA) molecules are a widely used marker method for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of pyrogenic black carbons (BC). Based on an overview of the development and chemical reaction mechanism of the BPCA method, we propose that the commonly used BPCA markers may not be solely indicative of BC but more generally of condensed organic matter in soils and aquatic systems. First, we sequentially removed the soil fractions and observed that the BPCA contents were abundant in humic acids (HAs)...
June 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895513/mobile-phone-cognitive-bias-modification-research-platform-for-substance-use-disorders-protocol-for-a-feasibility-study
#4
Melvyn Zhang, JiangBo Ying, Guo Song, Daniel Ss Fung, Helen Smith
BACKGROUND: Cognitive biases refer to automatic attentional and interpretational tendencies, which could be retained by cognitive bias modification interventions. Cristea et al and Jones et al have published reviews (in 2016 and 2017 respectively) on the effectiveness of such interventions. The advancement of technologies such as electronic health (eHealth) and mobile health (mHealth) has led to them being harnessed for the delivery of cognitive bias modification. To date, at least eight studies have demonstrated the feasibility of mobile technologies for the delivery of cognitive bias modification...
June 12, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890967/advance-directive-does-the-gp-know-and-address-what-the-patient-wants-advance-directive-in-primary-care
#5
Guda Scholten, Sofie Bourguignon, Anthony Delanote, Bieke Vermeulen, Geert Van Boxem, Birgitte Schoenmakers
BACKGROUND: Due to the rapid changes in the medical world and the aging population, the need for advanced care planning grows. Despite efforts to make this topic discussed, only a minority of patients discusses the advance directive with their general practitioner (GP). This study aimed to map thresholds: What barriers are identified by GPs and patients in preparing and discussing an advance directive? METHODS: A cross section survey in patients and GP's was performed...
June 11, 2018: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887349/death-on-the-dome-epidemiology-of-recreational-deaths-on-half-dome-in-yosemite-national-park
#6
Gregory D Richardson, Susanne J Spano
INTRODUCTION: One of the most popular destinations in Yosemite National Park is Half Dome. Overcrowding at the turn of the 21st century prompted a restriction of hiker access to cable handrails to the summit without technical rock climbing equipment. Prior epidemiological study of Half Dome deaths is not known to the authors. Our goal was to identify trends among all Half Dome-related fatalities in Yosemite National Park. METHODS: Multimedia sources were searched for deaths involving the cable handrails, subdome, summit, technical climbing, or base jumping...
June 7, 2018: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884075/copd360social-online-community-a-social-media-review
#7
Michael Stellefson, Samantha R Paige, Julia M Alber, Margaret Stewart
People living with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) commonly report feelings of loneliness and social isolation due to lack of support from family, friends, and health care providers. COPD360social is an interactive and disease-specific online community and social network dedicated to connecting people living with COPD to evidence-based resources. Through free access to collaborative forums, members can explore, engage, and discuss an array of disease-related topics, such as symptom management. This social media review provides an overview of COPD360social, specifically its features that practitioners can leverage to facilitate patient-provider communication, knowledge translation, and community building...
June 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882281/teaching-and-evaluation-of-basic-urodynamic-skills-in-urology-residency-programs-randomized-controlled-study
#8
Samer Shamout, Sero Andonian, Hani Kabbara, Jacques Corcos, Lysanne Campeau
AIMS: Considering the growing role of urodynamic studies (UDS) in urology, we aimed to determine the most effective teaching method with objective evaluation for urodynamic skills, to improve training and patient care. METHODS: Urology residents (n = 20) post-graduate years 3-5 were randomized to receive either a UDS video training module or a standard UDS teaching document one week prior to an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE). The OSCE was a validated visual recognition exam with interpretation of 12 UDS tracing scenarios...
June 8, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877516/the-power-of-passion-in-entrepreneurship-education-entrepreneurial-role-models-encourage-passion
#9
Katharina Fellnhofer
This study of Entrepreneurship Education (EE) centers on the impact of entrepreneurial role models on entrepreneurial passion, which also is expected to influence entrepreneurial intention. Based on 426 individuals recruited primarily from Austria, Finland, and Greece, Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) reveals the significant direct and indirect effects of entrepreneurial role models on entrepreneurial intention, mediated by entrepreneurial passion. These effects were found to be stronger following multimedia presentation of entrepreneurial stories, confirming the fruitful spillover effects of the innovative educational use of computers on entrepreneurial intentions among nascent entrepreneurs...
July 2017: Journal of entrepreneurship education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29874798/distributed-systematic-network-coding-for-reliable-content-uploading-in-wireless-multimedia-sensor-networks
#10
Phuc Chau, Jitae Shin, Jaehoon Paul Jeong
Recently, the wireless sensor network paradigm is shifting toward research aimed at enabling the robust delivery of multimedia content. A challenge is to deliver multimedia content with predefined levels of Quality of Service (QoS) under resource constraints such as bandwidth, energy, and delay. In this paper, we propose a distributed systematic network coding (DSNC) scheme for reliable multimedia content uploading over wireless multimedia sensor networks, in which a large number of multimedia sensor nodes upload their own content to a sink through a cluster head node...
June 5, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873487/modelling-the-time-variant-dietary-exposure-of-pcbs-in-china-over-the-period-1930-to-2100
#11
Shizhen Zhao, Knut Breivik, Kevin C Jones, Andrew J Sweetman
This study aimed for the first time to reconstruct historical exposure profiles for PCBs to the Chinese population, by examining the combined effect of changing temporal emissions and dietary transition. A long-term (1930-2100) dynamic simulation of human exposure using realistic emission scenarios, including primary emissions, unintentional emissions and emissions from e-waste, combined with dietary transition trends was conducted by a multimedia fate model (BETR-Global) linked to a bioaccumulation model (ACC-HUMAN)...
June 6, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866316/learning-flight-procedures-by-enacting-and-receiving-feedback
#12
Nadine Matton, Camille Vrignaud, Yves Rouillard, Julie Lemarié
Learning flight procedures is part of any pilot training. The conventional learning method consists in learning and practicing the procedure written on a sheet of paper along with printed images of the cockpit. The purpose of the present paper was to test the efficiency of a tactile interactive multimedia training tool designed to foster the self-regulated learning of flight procedures, especially through enacting relevant gestures and providing feedback. Results showed that learning with this tool did not lead to significant shorter learning times than with the conventional learning...
July 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850827/innovative-online-educational-portal-improves-disease-specific-reproductive-knowledge-among-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#13
Kelsey Wierstra, Reed Sutton, Jasmin Bal, Kathleen Ismond, Levinus Dieleman, Brendan Halloran, Karen Kroeker, Richard Fedorak, Keri-Ann Berga, Vivian Huang
Background: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is often diagnosed in early adulthood, affecting patients through their reproductive years. Many patients, lacking knowledge about IBD and reproduction, make uninformed decisions. Although patients have turned to the Internet for information, it remains unclear if online resources are effective for improving and retaining IBD-specific reproductive knowledge. We aimed to elucidate if a multimedia vs text-only online educational intervention could improve IBD-specific reproductive knowledge for more than 6 months...
May 30, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846506/commentary-on-assessing-the-value-of-a-multimedia-based-aesthetic-curriculum-in-plastic-surgery-residency-a-single-center-pilot-study
#14
Ali A Qureshi, Marissa M Tenenbaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 26, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790647/creating-a-collaborative-care-curriculum-framework
#15
Bronwyn Maddock, Arunaz Kumar, Fiona Kent
BACKGROUND: A faculty-wide approach to curriculum design is required to ensure students within all health professional courses are provided with relevant interprofessional education opportunities across their course of study. Within the Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences at Monash University, Australia, a Collaborative Care Curriculum Framework was developed to detail the learning outcomes for collaborative care for pre-registration students. METHODS: A six-stage process was undertaken...
May 23, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786781/the-ejes-3d-tool-for-personalized-prescription-of-exercise-in-axial-spondyloarthritis-through-multimedia-animations-pilot-study
#16
Mariano Tomás Flórez, Raquel Almodóvar, Fernando García Pérez, Ana Belén Rodríguez Cambrón, Loreto Carmona, María Ángeles Pérez Manzanero, Juan Aboitiz Cantalapiedra, Ana Urruticoechea-Arana, Carlos J Rodríguez Lozano, Carmen Castro, Cristina Fernández-Carballido, Eugenio de Miguel, Eva Galíndez, José Luis Álvarez Vega, Juan Carlos Torre Alonso, Luis F Linares, Mireia Moreno, Victoria Navarro-Compán, Xavier Juanola, Pedro Zarco
To develop and evaluate a web application based on multimedia animations, combined with a training program, to improve the prescription of exercises in spondyloarthritis (SpA). After a review of exercises included in the main clinical trials and recommendations of international societies, a multidisciplinary team-rehabilitators, rheumatologists, physiotherapists, computer scientists and graphic designers-developed a web application for the prescription of exercises (EJES-3D). Once completed, this was presented to 12 pairs of rehabilitators-rheumatologists from the same hospital in a workshop...
May 21, 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780310/mobile-software-as-a-medical-device-samd-for-the-treatment-of-epilepsy-development-of-digital-therapeutics-comprising-behavioral-and-music-based-interventions-for-neurological-disorders
#17
Pegah Afra, Carol S Bruggers, Matthew Sweney, Lilly Fagatele, Fareeha Alavi, Michael Greenwald, Merodean Huntsman, Khanhly Nguyen, Jeremiah K Jones, David Shantz, Grzegorz Bulaj
Digital health technologies for people with epilepsy (PWE) include internet-based resources and mobile apps for seizure management. Since non-pharmacological interventions, such as listening to specific Mozart's compositions, cognitive therapy, psychosocial and educational interventions were shown to reduce epileptic seizures, these modalities can be integrated into mobile software and delivered by mobile medical apps as digital therapeutics. Herein, we describe: (1) a survey study among PWE about preferences to use mobile software for seizure control, (2) a rationale for developing digital therapies for epilepsy, (3) creation of proof-of-concept mobile software intended for use as an adjunct digital therapeutic to reduce seizures, and (4) broader applications of digital therapeutics for the treatment of epilepsy and other chronic disorders...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779961/patient-satisfaction-with-the-consent-discussion-is-not-improved-by-showing-patients-their-computed-tomography-or-angiography-images-before-they-undergo-vascular-surgery
#18
Dominic LeBlanc, Adam H Power, Guy DeRose, Audra Duncan, Luc Dubois
OBJECTIVE: Patient-based decision aids and other multimedia tools have been developed to help enrich the preoperative discussion between surgeon and patient. Use of these tools, however, can be time-consuming and logistically challenging. We investigated whether simply showing patients their images from preoperative computed tomography (CT) or angiography would improve patients' satisfaction with the preoperative discussion. We also examined whether this improved the patient's understanding and trust and whether it contributed to increased preoperative anxiety...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779161/empowering-lay-counsellors-with-technology-masivukeni-a-standardized-multimedia-counselling-support-tool-to-deliver-art-counselling
#19
H Gouse, R N Robbins, C A Mellins, A Kingon, J Rowe, M Henry, R H Remien, A Pearson, F Victor, J A Joska
Lay-counsellors in resource-limited settings convey critical HIV- and ART-information, and face challenges including limited training and variable application of counselling. This study explored lay-counsellors and Department of Health (DoH) perspectives on the utility of a multimedia adherence counselling program. Masivukeni, an mHealth application that provides scaffolding for delivering standardized ART counselling was used in a 3-year randomized control trail at two primary health care clinics in Cape Town, South Africa...
May 19, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764632/development-and-impact-of-a-simplified-approach-to-didactic-powerpoint-presentations-performed-in-a-drug-information-course
#20
Christopher S Wisniewski
INTRODUCTION: To describe multimedia presentation development and assess impact of use on student and educator performance in a drug information course. METHODS: Slides were modified from bullet-point format to simplified pictorial format and three-slide handouts became outlined Word documents. Student performance, via exam scores and class average, and educator evaluation scores were compared between 2013 and 2014. RESULTS: Presentation revision resulted in a similar number of slides per presentation and smaller handout packets...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
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