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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035664/understanding-of-how-older-adults-with-low-vision-obtain-process-and-understand-health-information-and-services
#1
Hyung Nam Kim
INTRODUCTION: Twenty-five years after the Americans with Disabilities Act, there has still been a lack of advancement of accessibility in healthcare for people with visual impairments, particularly older adults with low vision. This study aims to advance understanding of how older adults with low vision obtain, process, and use health information and services, and to seek opportunities of information technology to support them. METHODS: A convenience sample of 10 older adults with low vision participated in semi-structured phone interviews, which were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim for analysis...
October 16, 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034648/interactive-multimedia-training-in-osteoporosis-prevention-of-female-high-school-students-an-interventional-study
#2
Ladan Zarshenas, Tala Keshavarz, Marzieh Momennasab, Nahid Zarifsanaiey
Given the limitations of traditional teaching methods in the learning process of adolescents, this study was designed to investigate the effects of osteoporosis prevention training through interactive multimedia method on the degree of knowledge and self-efficacy of female high school students. In this interventional study which was conducted in 2016 in Fars province, Iran, 120 high school students were selected through proportional stratified sampling from schools and different classes at first, second, third, and pre-university grades...
August 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017482/gender-differences-in-factors-associated-with-smartphone-addiction-a-cross-sectional-study-among-medical-college-students
#3
Baifeng Chen, Fei Liu, Shushu Ding, Xia Ying, Lele Wang, Yufeng Wen
BACKGROUND: Smartphones are becoming increasingly indispensable in everyday life for most undergraduates in China, and this has been associated with problematic use or addiction. The aim of the current study was to investigate the prevalence of smartphone addiction and the associated factors in male and female undergraduates. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2016 and included 1441 undergraduate students at Wannan Medical College, China. The Smartphone Addiction Scale short version (SAS-SV) was used to assess smartphone addiction among the students, using accepted cut-offs...
October 10, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987896/using-reusable-learning-objects-rlos-in-wound-care-education-undergraduate-student-nurse-s-evaluation-of-their-learning-gain
#4
Catherine Redmond, Carmel Davies, Deirdre Cornally, Ewa Adam, Orla Daly, Marianne Fegan, Margaret O'Toole
BACKGROUND: Both nationally and internationally concerns have been expressed over the adequacy of preparation of undergraduate nurses for the clinical skill of wound care. This project describes the educational evaluation of a series of Reusable Learning Objects (RLOs) as a blended learning approach to facilitate undergraduate nursing students learning of wound care for competence development. Constructivism Learning Theory and Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning informed the design of the RLOs, promoting active learner approaches...
October 2, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978499/developing-social-media-based-suicide-prevention-messages-in-partnership-with-young-people-exploratory-study
#5
Jo Robinson, Eleanor Bailey, Sarah Hetrick, Steve Paix, Matt O'Donnell, Georgina Cox, Maria Ftanou, Jaelea Skehan
BACKGROUND: Social media is increasingly being used by young people for health-related issues, including communicating about suicide. Due to the concerns about causing distress or inducing suicidal thoughts or behaviors, to date young people neither have been engaged in the development of social media-based suicide prevention interventions nor have interventions focused on educating young people about safe ways to communicate about suicide online. Given the potential that social media holds to deliver messages to vast numbers of people across space and time and the fact that young people often prefer to seek help from their friends and peers, safely educating and engaging young people to develop suicide prevention messages that can be delivered via social media is an obvious next step...
October 4, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975697/exposure-to-a-national-multimedia-alzheimer-s-disease-awareness-campaign-assessing-stigmatic-beliefs-towards-persons-with-the-disease
#6
Perla Werner, Ile Kermel Schiffman
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of being exposed to a multimedia campaign on stigmatic beliefs towards a person with Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS: A cross-sectional posttest online survey was conducted immediately after the campaign among 510 Jewish participants aged 40 and above. RESULTS: Most the participants reported being exposed to the campaign. The campaign elicited significantly higher positive than negative emotions...
October 3, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967039/heterogeneity-of-multimedia-exposures-to-neurotoxic-elements-al-as-cd-pb-mn-and-hg-in-breastfed-infants-from-porto-velho-brazil
#7
Wanderley R Bastos, Solange M Vieira, Ângelo G Manzatto, José G Dórea, Marcelo C Rubira, Victor Francisco P de Souza, Walkimar A da Costa Junior, Maria T Souza Bastos
Infant exposure to neurotoxic elements is a public health issue that needs monitoring with regard to breast milk composition. We studied six neurotoxic elements in breast milk samples at different stages of lactation in mothers from Porto Velho, Brazil. We used a flow-injection mercury system (FIMS) to determine total Hg concentrations and an inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer (ICP-OES) to determine the concentrations of Al, As, Cd, Pb, and Mn in 106 donors of a human milk bank. Association rules analyses were applied to determine the pattern of binary and ternary mixtures of the measured exposants...
October 1, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966967/development-and-evaluation-of-multimedia-interventions-to-promote-breast-and-cervical-health-among-south-asian-women-in-hong-kong-a-project-protocol
#8
Winnie K W So, Dorothy N S Chan, Tika Rana, Bernard M H Law, Doris Y P Leung, Helen Y L Chan, C C Ng, Sek Ying Chair, Carmen W H Chan
Recent studies conducted in the local community indicate that the uptake rates of breast and cervical cancer screening among South Asian ethnic minorities are lower than those of the general population. The development of interventions to promote these minorities' awareness of breast and cervical health and the importance of cancer screening is therefore required. This study protocol aims to develop culturally sensitive multimedia interventions to promote awareness of breast and cervical cancer prevention among South Asian women in Hong Kong, and to evaluate the outcomes of such interventions using a Reach-Effectiveness-Adoption-Implementation-Maintenance framework...
October 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962073/tracking-pesticide-fate-in-conventional-banana-cultivation-in-costa-rica-a-disconnect-between-protecting-ecosystems-and-consumer-health
#9
Annelle Mendez, Luisa E Castillo, Clemens Ruepert, Konrad Hungerbuehler, Carla A Ng
Conventional banana cultivation in Costa Rica relies on heavy pesticide use. While pesticide residues in exported bananas do not generally represent a safety concern for consumers abroad, ecosystem and human health in producing regions are not likewise protected. In Costa Rica, most studies on pesticide residues in the environment are snapshots, limiting our ability to identify temporal dynamics that can inform risk mitigation strategies. To help bridge this gap, we created a dynamic multimedia model for the Caño Azul River drainage area, which is heavily influenced by banana and pineapple plantations...
September 25, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949896/improving-informed-consent-stakeholder-views
#10
Emily E Anderson, Susan B Newman, Alicia K Matthews
PURPOSE: Innovation will be required to improve the informed consent process in research. We aimed to obtain input from key stakeholders-research participants and those responsible for obtaining informed consent-to inform potential development of a multimedia informed consent "app." METHODS: This descriptive study used a mixed-methods approach. Five 90-minute focus groups were conducted with volunteer samples of former research participants and researchers/research staff responsible for obtaining informed consent...
July 2017: AJOB Empirical Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934808/competency-based-teaching-in-radiology-implementation-and-evaluation-of-interactive-workstation-based-learning-to-apply-nklm-based-content
#11
Wolfgang Koestner, Wiebke Otten, Till Kaireit, Frank K Wacker, Sabine Dettmer
Purpose New teaching formats are required to implement competency-based teaching in radiology teaching. Therefore, we have established and evaluated two practical competency-based radiological courses. Materials and Methods The courses were held in a multimedia room with 25 computers and a professional DICOM viewer. Students were taught basic image analysis and presented clinical cases with a DICOM viewer under supervision of an instructor using desktop monitoring software. Two courses (elective course and obligatory course) were evaluated by the students (n = 160 and n = 100) and instructors (n = 9) using an anonymized online survey...
September 21, 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934096/children-s-lead-exposure-a-multimedia-modeling-analysis-to-guide-public-health-decision-making
#12
Valerie Zartarian, Jianping Xue, Rogelio Tornero-Velez, James Brown
BACKGROUND: Drinking water and other sources for lead are the subject of public health concerns around the Flint, Michigan, drinking water and East Chicago, Indiana, lead in soil crises. In 2015, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)'s National Drinking Water Advisory Council (NDWAC) recommended establishment of a "health-based, household action level" for lead in drinking water based on children's exposure. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to develop a coupled exposure-dose modeling approach that can be used to determine what drinking water lead concentrations keep children's blood lead levels (BLLs) below specified values, considering exposures from water, soil, dust, food, and air...
September 12, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930764/when-listening-is-better-than-reading-performance-gains-on-cardiac-auscultation-test-questions
#13
Kathleen Short, S Deniz Bucak, Francine Rosenthal, Mark R Raymond
PURPOSE: In 2007, the United States Medical Licensing Examination embedded multimedia simulations of heart sounds into multiple-choice questions. This study investigated changes in item difficulty as determined by examinee performance over time. The data reflect outcomes obtained following initial use of multimedia items from 2007 through 2012, after which an interface change occurred. METHOD: A total of 233,157 examinees responded to 1,306 cardiology test items over the six-year period; 138 items included multimedia simulations of heart sounds, while 1,168 text-based items without multimedia served as controls...
September 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928109/components-and-outcomes-of-internet-based-interventions-for-caregivers-of-older-adults-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Cassioppée Guay, Claudine Auger, Louise Demers, W Ben Mortenson, William C Miller, Dominique Gélinas-Bronsard, Sara Ahmed
BACKGROUND: When trying to access interventions to improve their well-being and quality of life, family caregivers face many challenges. Internet-based interventions provide new and accessible opportunities to remotely support them and can contribute to reducing their burden. However, little is known about the link existing between the components, the use of behavior change techniques, and the outcomes of these Internet-based interventions. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to provide an update on the best available evidence about the efficacy of Internet-based interventions for caregivers of older adults...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925762/improving-the-pedagogical-effectiveness-of-medical-videos
#15
Christian Iorio-Morin, Simon Brisebois, Annick Becotte, Frédéric Mior
Videos are often employed in medical cursus, yet few guidelines are available to help with their production. Mayer's cognitive theory of multimedia learning is the most cited evidence-based framework for improving pedagogical effectiveness of multimedia content. Based on this framework, we identified four workflow interventions to improve the effectiveness of video content in the context of medical education: (1) choosing appropriate content; (2) optimizing the voiceover; (3) optimizing the supporting visuals and (4) planning the shooting schedule in advance...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925251/understanding-and-predicting-the-fate-of-semivolatile-organic-pesticides-in-a-glacier-fed-lake-using-a-multimedia-chemical-fate-model
#16
Xiaolin Wu, Cleo L Davie-Martin, Christine Steinlin, Kimberly J Hageman, Nicolas J Cullen, Christian Bogdal
Melting glaciers release previously ice-entrapped chemicals to the surrounding environment. As glacier melting accelerates under future climate warming, chemical release may also increase. This study investigated the behavior of semivolatile pesticides over the course of one year and predicted their behavior under two future climate change scenarios. Pesticides were quantified in air, lake water, glacial meltwater, and streamwater in the catchment of Lake Brewster, an alpine glacier-fed lake located in the Southern Alps of New Zealand...
October 17, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924398/what-does-the-future-hold-for-scientific-journals-visual-abstracts-and-other-tools-for-communicating-research
#17
REVIEW
Vahagn C Nikolian, Andrew M Ibrahim
Journals fill several important roles within academic medicine, including building knowledge, validating quality of methods, and communicating research. This section provides an overview of these roles and highlights innovative approaches journals have taken to enhance dissemination of research. As journals move away from print formats and embrace web-based content, design-centered thinking will allow for engagement of a larger audience. Examples of recent efforts in this realm are provided, as well as simplified strategies for developing visual abstracts to improve dissemination via social media...
September 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923831/international-comparisons-of-prevalence-awareness-and-treatment-of-pruritus-in-people-on-hemodialysis
#18
Hugh C Rayner, Maria Larkina, Mia Wang, Matthew Graham-Brown, Sabine N van der Veer, Tevfik Ecder, Takeshi Hasegawa, Werner Kleophas, Brian A Bieber, Francesca Tentori, Bruce M Robinson, Ronald L Pisoni
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Uremic pruritus in patients on hemodialysis is associated with depression, lower quality of life, and mortality. We studied the prevalence, awareness, and treatment of pruritus to assess how well this important condition is currently managed internationally. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Data from 35,452 patients on hemodialysis in up to 17 countries from the Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study were analyzed to describe pruritus prevalence from 1996 to 2015...
September 18, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921414/multimedia-education-program-and-nutrition-therapy-improves-hba1c-weight-and-lipid-profile-of-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Lubia Velázquez-López, Abril Violeta Muñoz-Torres, Patricia Medina-Bravo, Jenny Vilchis-Gil, Miguel Klϋnder-Klϋnder, Jorge Escobedo-de la Peña
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of a multimedia education program and nutrition therapy on metabolic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH QUESTION: What is the effect of a multimedia education program and nutritional therapy on metabolic control in type 2 diabetes? PATIENTS AND METHODS: A randomized clinical trial was conducted in 351 patients randomly assigned to either an experimental group receiving a multimedia diabetes education program (MDE) and nutrition therapy (NT) (NT + MDE: n = 173), or to a control group who received nutrition therapy only (NT: n = 178)...
September 18, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916249/diagnostic-errors-impact-of-an-educational-intervention-on-pediatric-primary-care
#20
Julianne Nemes Walsh, Margaret Knight, A James Lee
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of our study was to determine the impact of an educational program on a provider's knowledge related to diagnostic errors and diagnostic reasoning strategies. METHODS: A quasi-experimental interventional study with a multimedia approach, case study discussion, and trigger-generated medical record review at two time points was conducted. Measurement tools included a test developed by the National Patient Safety Foundation, Reducing Diagnostic Errors: Strategies for Solutions Quiz, additional diagnostic reasoning questions, and a trigger-generated process to analyze medical records...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
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