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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238058/training-or-non-surgical-factors-what-determines-a-good-surgical-performance-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Cornelia Lindlohr, R Lefering, S Saad, M M Heiss, C Pape-Köhler
BACKGROUND: Acquiring laparoscopic skills is a necessity for every young surgeon. Whether it is a talent or a non-surgical skill that determines the surgical performance of an endoscopic operation has been discussed for years. In other disciplines aptitude testing has become the norm. Airlines, for example, have implemented assessments to test the natural aptitude of future pilots to predict their performance later on. In the medical field, especially surgery, there are no similar comparable tests implemented or even available...
February 25, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237849/the-design-process-of-a-multimodal-module-that-synthesized-knowledge-across-nursing-courses
#2
EDITORIAL
Linda Wolf, Pamela Rutar, Cheryl Delgado, Joan Niederriter
BACKGROUND: Nursing faculty are being challenged to increase the use of technology in the classroom. Use of technology addresses multiple learning styles, increases student engagement, encourages active learning and improves students' attention. OBJECTIVES: Evaluate student satisfaction to a faculty designed multimedia teaching strategy. DESIGN: Cross sectional design with data collected over six semesters from six cohorts of nursing students...
February 16, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230387/a-computer-adaptive-testing-version-of-the-addiction-severity-index-multimedia-version-asi-mv-the-addiction-severity-cat
#3
Stephen F Butler, Ryan A Black, Stacey A McCaffrey, Jessica Ainscough, Ann M Doucette
The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a computer adaptive testing (CAT) version of the Addiction Severity Index-Multimedia Version (ASI-MV), the Addiction Severity CAT. This goal was accomplished in 4 steps. First, new candidate items for Addiction Severity CAT domains were evaluated after brainstorming sessions with experts in substance abuse treatment. Next, this new item bank was psychometrically evaluated on a large nonclinical (n = 4,419) and substance abuse treatment (n = 845) sample. Based on these results, final items were selected and calibrated for the creation of the Addiction Severity CAT algorithms...
February 23, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227039/amp-a-platform-for-managing-and-mining-data-in-the-treatment-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
Erik Linstead, Ryan Burns, Duy Nguyen, David Tyler, Erik Linstead, Ryan Burns, Duy Nguyen, David Tyler, Erik Linstead, Duy Nguyen, Ryan Burns, David Tyler
We introduce AMP (Autism Management Platform), an integrated health care information system for capturing, analyzing, and managing data associated with the diagnosis and treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorder in children. AMP's mobile application simplifies the means by which parents, guardians, and clinicians can collect and share multimedia data with one another, facilitating communication and reducing data redundancy, while simplifying retrieval. Additionally, AMP provides an intelligent web interface and analytics platform which allow physicians and specialists to aggregate and mine patient data in real-time, as well as give relevant feedback to automatically learn data filtering preferences over time...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202319/the-women-s-empower-survey-women-s-knowledge-and-awareness-of-treatment-options-for-vulvar-and-vaginal-atrophy-remains-inadequate
#5
Michael Krychman, Shelli Graham, Brian Bernick, Sebastian Mirkin, Sheryl A Kingsberg
INTRODUCTION: Postmenopausal women's knowledge about vulvar and vaginal atrophy (VVA) and available treatment options has historically been inadequate. Recent direct-to-consumer marketing and educational efforts would have been expected to increase awareness and treatment options. AIM: To compare results of the Women's EMPOWER survey with other available VVA surveys to assess progress in women's understanding and approaches to treatment of VVA. METHODS: The Women's EMPOWER survey, an internet-based survey of US women with VVA symptoms, assessed women's awareness of VVA and their behaviors and attitudes associated with symptom treatment...
February 12, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192383/pilot-study-evaluating-the-impact-of-otology-surgery-videos-on-otolaryngology-resident-education
#6
Charles Poon, Shawn M Stevens, Justin S Golub, Myles L Pensak, Ravi N Samy
OBJECTIVES: Use of videos as educational tools is not a novel concept; however, there is a paucity of high-quality video resources available to otolaryngology trainees. We hypothesized that residents would deem surgical-videos using a multimedia-style format more valuable as preparatory tools. Aims of this study: 1) develop portfolio of otology/neurotology videos overviewing key steps, anatomy, and pearls by a senior surgeon; 2) have residents rate the effectiveness of the videos as a preoperative tool...
March 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186917/nystr%C3%A3-m-approximated-temporally-constrained-multisimilarity-spectral-clustering-approach-for-movie-scene-detection
#7
Rameswar Panda, Sanjay K Kuanar, Ananda S Chowdhury
Movie scene detection has emerged as an important problem in present day multimedia applications. Since a movie typically consists of huge amount of video data with widespread content variations, detecting a movie scene has become extremely challenging. In this paper, we propose a fast yet accurate solution for movie scene detection using Nyström approximated multisimilarity spectral clustering with a temporal integrity constraint. We use multiple similarity matrices to model the wide content variations typically present in any movie dataset...
February 7, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182824/a-portable-shoulder-mounted-camera-system-for-surgical-education-in-spine-surgery
#8
Martin H Pham, Ifije E Ohiorhenuan, Neil N Patel, Andre M Jakoi, Patrick C Hsieh, Frank L Acosta, Jeffrey C Wang, John C Liu
The past several years have demonstrated an increased recognition of operative videos as an important adjunct for resident education. Currently lacking, however, are effective methods to record video for the purposes of illustrating the techniques of minimally invasive (MIS) and complex spine surgery. We describe here our experiences developing and using a shoulder-mounted camera system for recording surgical video. Our requirements for an effective camera system included wireless portability to allow for movement around the operating room, camera mount location for comfort and loupes/headlight usage, battery life for long operative days, and sterile control of on/off recording...
February 7, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181321/availability-of-drug-information-on-community-pharmacy-websites-in-tennessee
#9
Nancy Borja-Hart, Kenneth C Hohmeier
OBJECTIVE: This study reports the availability and type of drug information resources on community pharmacy websites in Tennessee. METHODS: A list of pharmacies was obtained from the Tennessee Board of Pharmacy. All community pharmacies located in Tennessee with a website were evaluated. Community pharmacy websites that listed a drug information resource were further analysed into pharmacy type and drug information provider. KEY FINDINGS: One hundred and sixty-nine websites were evaluated...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161989/-it-brings-it-all-back-all-those-good-times-it-makes-me-go-close-to-tears-creating-digital-personalised-stories-with-people-who-have-dementia
#10
Valerie Critten, Natalia Kucirkova
The purpose of these three case studies was to analyse and theoretically explain the contribution of digital multimedia personalisation to stimulate and share long-term memories of people who live with mild to moderate dementia. We investigated how the use of a freely available iPad app can, in a supporting context, facilitate the creation of personalised multimedia stories, including the participants' audio recordings, texts and photos of items, places or people important to them. Three people who were recruited from a club for people living with dementia created personalised multimedia stories using their own photographs and/or pictures downloaded from the internet, with written captions and audio-recorded voiceovers...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148256/defining-reasonable-patient-standard-and-preference-for-shared-decision-making-among-patients-undergoing-anaesthesia-in-singapore
#11
J L J Yek, A K Y Lee, J A D Tan, G Y Lin, T Thamotharampillai, H R Abdullah
BACKGROUND: A cross-sectional study to ascertain what the Singapore population would regard as material risk in the anaesthesia consent-taking process and identify demographic factors that predict patient preferences in medical decision-making to tailor a more patient-centered informed consent. METHODS: A survey was performed involving patients 21 years old and above who attended the pre-operative evaluation clinic over a 1-month period in Singapore General Hospital...
February 2, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147685/multiple-sensors-based-kernel-machine-learning-in-smart-environment
#12
Jun-Bao Li, Jeng-Shyang Pan
Sensor-based monitoring systems use multiple sensors to identify high-level information based on the events that take place in a monitored environment. Identification and health care are important tasks in the smart environment. This paper presents a framework for multisensory multimedia data analysis using a kernel optimization-based principal analysis for identification and health care in a smart environment. Images of faces, palmprints, and fingerprints are used to identify a person, and a wrist pulse signal is used to analyze the person's health condition...
January 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144597/the-fundamental-reasons-why-laptop-computers-should-not-be-used-on-your-lap
#13
S A R Mortazavi, S Taeb, S M J Mortazavi, S Zarei, M Haghani, P Habibzadeh, M B Shojaei-Fard
As a tendency to use new technologies, gadgets such as laptop computers are becoming more popular among students, teachers, businessmen and office workers. Today laptops are a great tool for education and learning, work and personal multimedia. Millions of men, especially those in the reproductive age, are frequently using their laptop computers on the lap (thigh). Over the past several years, our lab has focused on the health effects of exposure to different sources of electromagnetic fields such as cellular phones, mobile base stations, mobile phone jammers, laptop computers, radars, dentistry cavitrons and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)...
December 2016: Journal of Biomedical Physics & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141520/revealing-event-saliency-in-unconstrained-video-collection
#14
Dingwen Zhang, Junwei Han, Lu Jiang, Senmao Ye, Xiaojun Chang
Recent progresses in multimedia event detection have enabled us to find videos about a predefined event from a large-scale video collection. Research towards more intrinsic unsupervised video understanding is an interesting but understudied field. Specifically, given a collection of videos sharing a common event of interest, the goal is to discover the salient fragments, i.e., the curt video fragments that can concisely portray the underlying event of interest, from each video. To explore this novel direction, this paper proposes an unsupervised event saliency revealing framework...
January 26, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128546/long-term-temporal-trends-of-pcbs-and-their-controlling-sources-in-china
#15
Shizhen Zhao, Knut Breivik, Guorui Liu, Minghui Zheng, Kevin C Jones, Andrew J Sweetman
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are industrial organic contaminants identified as persistent, bioaccumulative, toxic (PBT) and subject to long-range transport (LRT) with global scale significance. This study focuses on a reconstruction and prediction for China of long-term emission trends of intentionally and unintentionally produced (UP) ∑7PCBs (UP-PCBs, from the manufacture of steel, cement and sinter iron) and their re-emissions from secondary sources (e.g., soils and vegetation), using a dynamic fate model (BETR-Global)...
January 27, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118228/efficacy-of-a-procedure-specific-education-module-on-informed-consent-in-plastic-surgery
#16
Michael G Brandel, Christopher M Reid, Nisha Parmeshwar, Marek K Dobke, Amanda A Gosman
INTRODUCTION: Truly informed consent is an elusive goal, seldom attained in medical or surgical practice. Patients often do not fully understand procedures and therapies they undergo or the associated sequelae. Historically, informed consent and patient education have been limited to physician discussions, sometimes with the addition of simple visual aids. More recently, there is a growing body of decision aids available, including interactive multimedia patient educational modules that review preoperative through postoperative care, risks, benefits, alternatives, different surgical options, as well as commonly asked questions...
January 23, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116029/continuing-medical-education-speakers-with-high-evaluation-scores-use-more-image-based-slides
#17
Ian Ferguson, Andrew W Phillips, Michelle Lin
INTRODUCTION: Although continuing medical education (CME) presentations are common across health professions, it is unknown whether slide design is independently associated with audience evaluations of the speaker. Based on the conceptual framework of Mayer's theory of multimedia learning, this study aimed to determine whether image use and text density in presentation slides are associated with overall speaker evaluations. METHODS: This retrospective analysis of six sequential CME conferences (two annual emergency medicine conferences over a three-year period) used a mixed linear regression model to assess whether post-conference speaker evaluations were associated with image fraction (percentage of image-based slides per presentation) and text density (number of words per slide)...
January 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114069/web-video-event-recognition-by-semantic-analysis-from-ubiquitous-documents
#18
Litao Yu, Yang Yang, Zi Huang, Peng Wang, Jingkuan Song, Heng Shen
In recent years, the task of event recognition from videos has attracted increasing interest in multimedia area. While most of the existing research was mainly focused on exploring visual cues to handle relatively small-granular events, it is difficult to directly analyse video content without any prior knowledge. Therefore, synthesizing both the visual and semantic analysis is a natural way for video event understanding. In this paper, we study the problem of web video event recognition, where web videos often describe largegranular events and carry limited textual information...
September 27, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113970/lego-mm-learning-structured-model-by-probabilistic-logic-ontology-tree-for-multimedia
#19
Jinhui Tang, Shiyu Chang, Guo-Jun Qi, Qi Tian, Yong Rui, Thomas S Huang
Recent advances in Multimedia ontology have resulted in a number of concept models, e.g., LSCOM and Mediamill 101, which are accessible and public to other researchers. However, most current research effort still focuses on building new concepts from scratch, very few work explores the appropriate method to construct new concepts upon the existing models already in the warehouse. To address this issue, we propose a new framework in this paper, termed LEGO1-MM, which can seamlessly integrate both the new target training examples and the existing primitive concept models to infer the more complex concept models...
September 22, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113831/bi-level-semantic-representation-analysis-for-multimedia-event-detection
#20
Xiaojun Chang, Zhigang Ma, Yi Yang, Zhiqiang Zeng, Alexander G Hauptmann
Multimedia event detection has been one of the major endeavors in video event analysis. A variety of approaches have been proposed recently to tackle this problem. Among others, using semantic representation has been accredited for its promising performance and desirable ability for human-understandable reasoning. To generate semantic representation, we usually utilize several external image/video archives and apply the concept detectors trained on them to the event videos. Due to the intrinsic difference of these archives, the resulted representation is presumable to have different predicting capabilities for a certain event...
March 28, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
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