Read by QxMD icon Read


Charles J Glueck, Kevin Lee, Marloe Prince, Vybhav Jetty, Parth Shah, Ping Wang
BACKGROUND: When exogenous testosterone or treatments to elevate testosterone (human chorionic gonadotropin [HCG] or Clomid) are prescribed for men who have antecedent thrombophilia, deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism often occur and may recur despite adequate anticoagulation if testosterone therapy is continued. CASE PRESENTATION: A 55-year-old white male was referred to us because of 4 thrombotic events, 3 despite adequate anticoagulation over a 5-year period...
July 2016: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
Ji Hyun Jeon, Yu Im Hwang, Im Hee Shin, Chan Woo Park, Kwang Moon Yang, Hye Ok Kim
The purpose of this study was to investigate risk factors that are associated with heterotopic pregnancy (HP) following in vitro fertilization (IVF)-embryo transfer (ET) and to demonstrate the outcomes of HP after the surgical treatment of ectopic pregnancies. Forty-eight patients from a single center, who were diagnosed with HP between 1998 and 2012 were included. All of the patients had received infertility treatments, such as Clomid with timed coitus (n = 1, 2.1%), superovulation with intrauterine insemination (n = 7, 14...
July 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Anatte Emma Karmon, Eden Rebecca Cardozo, John Christopher Petrozza
INTRODUCTION: Clomiphene citrate and gonadotropins are used during intrauterine insemination cycles to help recruit one or more follicles. The objective of this study is to evaluate whether one treatment confers a higher pregnancy rate over the other, even when number of preovulatory follicles are held constant. METHODS: Data from 1,463 women who underwent 3,960 clomiphene or gonadotropin intrauterine insemination cycles were reviewed. Cycles occurred at Massachusetts General Hospital between 2004 and 2012...
May 2015: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Victoria Habibzadeh, Sayed Noureddin Nematolahi Mahani, Hadiss Kamyab
BACKGROUND: Many studies have been carried out to understand the effect of endometrial thickness on the reproductive outcome while the factors affecting the pattern itself are still unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine the factors such as age and the number of follicles that could affect the endometrial thickness Materials and Methods: This study was conducted as a retrospective study on 680 infertile women considered for intrauterine insemination (IUI). IUI protocol was sequential regimen of clomid and gonadotropin...
2011: Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine
G Chene, N Radosevic-Robin, A S Tardieu, A Cayre, I Raoelfils, P Dechelotte, J Dauplat, F Penault Llorca
Ovarian epithelial dysplasia was initially described in material from prophylactic oophorectomies for BReast CAncer gene (BRCA) mutation. Similar histopathological abnormalities have been revealed after ovulation stimulation. Given that tamoxifen (TAM) has a clomid-like effect and is sometimes used to induce ovulation, we studied the morphological features and immunohistochemical expression patterns of neoplasia-associated markers in adnexectomies previously exposed to TAM for breast cancer. We blindly reviewed 173 histopathological slides of adnexectomies according to three groups - oophorectomie sassociated with TAM exposure (n=42), oophorectomies associated with clomiphene exposure (n=15) and a spontaneously fertile non cancerous control group (n=116)...
2014: European Journal of Histochemistry: EJH
Lee Hullender Rubin, Benjamin L Marx
BACKGROUND: Infertility caused by diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) can result from an endocrinological imbalance. A rise in follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and decrease in antral follicle count (AFC) for women age ≤35 can lower pregnancy rates to <5%, and increase miscarriage rates to >75%. Chinese medicine may improve FSH and AFC levels in patients with DOR. It is common for women to seek adjunctive Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) treatment with biomedical clomid treatment...
December 2012: Medical Acupuncture
Lindsay Malloch, Alice Rhoton-Vlasak
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical use and practice attitudes among Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology (SART) members regarding the use of letrozole for ovulation induction and infertility treatment. DESIGN: The SART clinic physicians were mailed a cover letter and consent form, a two-page survey, and return envelope. The surveys were returned and analyzed using descriptive statistics. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): None...
December 2013: Fertility and Sterility
Omar Al-Nozha, Fawziah Habib, Moaz Mojaddidi, Mohamed Fath El-Bab
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common problem in women at fertile age. A prospective study was conducted to clarify the pathophysiological responses during an application of insulin sensitizer, metformin and weight reduction therapy at the Gynecology Center in Ohud hospital, in AL-Madinah AL-Munawarah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. METHODOLOGY: Twenty healthy women served as controls and 180 PCOS women divided into three groups participated in the study...
April 2013: Pathophysiology: the Official Journal of the International Society for Pathophysiology
Justus N Eze, Johnson A Obuna, Brown N Ejikeme
Bilateral tubal ectopic pregnancies are rare occurrences. Two recently managed cases are discussed. The first was a single, sexually active 23-year-old nullipara with family history of twinning who presented with eight weeks amenorrhea, positive pregnancy test, lower abdominal discomfort and other clinical and ultrasound findings suggestive of unruptured left tubal pregnancy. Intra-operatively, unruptured bilateral tubal pregnancies were found and bilateral salpingotomy performed with uneventful recovery. Histology of the specimens confirmed the intra-operative diagnosis...
April 2012: Annals of African Medicine
Diana E Chavkin, Thomas A Molinaro, Andrea H Roe, Mary D Sammel, Anuja Dokras
The objective of this study was to determine the clinical pregnancy rate with 2 inseminations compared to a single intrauterine insemination (IUI) in a given cycle using frozen-thawed donor sperm. This was a retrospective study at a university practice; patients were women using donor sperm. We conducted a comparison of single IUI, intracervical insemination (ICI) followed by an IUI on the next day, and double IUI (2 consecutive days); clinical pregnancy rate was the main outcome measure. The cycle-specific and total pregnancy rates were not significantly different between the 3 protocol groups (306 cycles)...
May 2012: Journal of Andrology
Maria I Viola, David Meyer, Thinus Kruger
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether clomiphene citrate (CC) can be implicated as a cause for central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) and other visual disturbances. METHODS: For this systematic review, we performed a search of the following databases: PubMed (1976 to November 2009), Medline Plus 2009, Cochrane Library (1996 to November 2009), Google and Google Scholar (1996 to November 2009). Thirty-five relevant titles (25 full papers and 10 abstracts) were identified and read by authors...
2011: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
A A Al-Mushaikih
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2001: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
D R Mishell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1975: Western Journal of Medicine
Ying Huang, Qun Cheng, An-fang Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical effect of Lin'erlai Prescription (LEL) in treating anovulatory infertility of blood and essence asthenia syndrome type (BEAS). METHODS: Sixty patients with anovulatory infertility in Western medical term, and classified as BEAS in Chinese medical term were equally assigned to two groups, they were treated with LEL (the treated group) and clomid (the control group) respectively. The ovulation rate and pregnant rate were observed...
November 2007: Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine
P M Zavos, M G Burchett, L A Edgerton
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of clomiphene citrate (clomid) on pituitary responsiveness to gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) in rams and wethers. Doses of 200 mg clomid per ram and 1 mug GnRH per 50 kg body weight were used in studies on 12 rams and 4 wethers. The experimental design involved bleeding each animal at 15-minute intervals for 6.5 hours. At the end of the first hour, GnRH was injected IV. The second GnRH challenge was administered 0.5 hours after an injection of clomid or vehicle (4...
July 1984: Theriogenology
A Mishra, K P Joy
In vitro effects of estradiol-17beta (E(2)), the catecholestrogens 2-hydroxyE(2) (2-OHE(2)) and 2-methoxyE(2), and the nonsteroidal antiestrogen clomiphene citrate (clomid) on oocyte maturation were investigated in the catfish Heteropneustes fossilis. Incubation of postvitellogenic follicles with 2-OHE(2) induced germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD; 86% at 5 microM for 30 h) and progression of meiosis up to metaphase II, as evident from the presence of Hoechst stained metaphase chromosomes and anti-alpha-tubulin-positive bipolar spindles...
June 2006: General and Comparative Endocrinology
T Benie, J Duval, M-L Thieulant
It is well known that the plant kingdom contains numerous bioactive substances affecting the regulation of reproduction. The present study was undertaken to examine the putative contraceptive effects of three traditional plant extracts from Côte d'Ivoire Pharmacopea. It concerns Afrormosia laxiflora (Papilionacea), Pterocarpus erinaceus (Papilionacea) and Cola nitida (Sterculiacea) stem bark. Data showed that treatment of rats with these plant extracts induced ovulation and oestrous cycle blockade at the dioestrous II stage...
August 2003: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Sally G Haskell
Because of recent concerns about the long-term risks of estrogen replacement therapy in postmenopausal women, there is growing interest in a group of compounds known as selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs). The SERMs bind to estrogen receptors and have tissue-specific effects that allow them to function as estrogen agonists in some tissues and estrogen antagonists in other tissues. There are four SERMs currently marketed in the United States. These include the triphenylethylenes--clomiphene citrate (Clomid), tamoxifen, and toremifene--and the benzothiophene, raloxifene...
May 2003: Southern Medical Journal
Ragga Mansour, Mohammed Aboulghar, Gamal I Serour, Hesham G Al-Inany, Ibrahim Fahmy, Yehia Amin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cost effectiveness of a clomiphene citrate (CC)/human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG)/GnRH antagonist protocol versus a long-acting GnRH agonist/hMG protocol. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: One hundred eighty nine couples having their first trial of ICSI for male factor infertility were divided into two groups. Group I (no = 33) received CC 100-150 mg/day for five days starting from day 2 of the cycle and 150 IU of hMG/day on days 6-10. GnRH antagonist (Centrorelix) 0...
January 2003: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Paul G McDonough
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2002: Fertility and Sterility
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"