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Daniel S McGrath, Hyoun S Kim, David C Hodgins, Christine Novitsky, Hermano Tavares
Gamblers Anonymous is the most widely available form of support for disordered gambling. Although chapters exist worldwide, knowledge of how attendees interact with the program is limited. The present study aimed to investigate involvement in Gamblers Anonymous among attendees, motives for attendance, and overall satisfaction with the program. Furthermore, potential gambling-related predictors of attendance versus deciding not to attend Gamblers Anonymous were investigated. A treatment-seeking sample of disordered gamblers (N = 512) from São Paulo, Brazil completed a series of self-report measures including an author-compiled Gamblers Anonymous survey...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Daniel Karcher, Rafaella C Grenfell, Andrea Micke Moreno, Luisa Zanolli Moreno, Silvio Arruda Vasconcellos, Marcos B Heinemann, Joao N de Almeida Junior, Luiz Juliano, Maria A Juliano
Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization and Time of Flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) is a powerful tool for the identification of bacteria through the detection and analysis of their proteins or fragments derived from ribosomes. Slight sequence variations in conserved ribosomal proteins distinguish microorganisms at the subspecies and strain levels. Characterization of Leptospira spp. by 16S RNA sequencing is costly and time-consuming, and recent studies have shown that closely related species (e...
April 13, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
Z M He, H Guo, X L Jiang, J P Li, Q L Zhang, Y P Yang, X S Dong, Piliqing Da, J Shi, M Li, M C Shi, F Han
Objective: To investigate the respiratory central hypoxia response and its related factors in Han and Uygur patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). Methods: One hundred and sixty six OSAHS patients were selected from Jan. 2016 to Dec. 2016 in Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Kelamayi Central Hospital, including 69 cases of Han nationality and 97 cases of Uygur nationality. Seventy-three healthy subjects of Uygur nationality were enrolled as the control group. All of them under went sleep monitoring, nocturnal oxygen saturation (SaO(2)), pulmonary function and respiratory central hypoxia response...
April 12, 2018: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
Luis M P CerÍaco, Mariana P Marques, Aaron M Bauer
Five problematic cases regarding the presence of reptile taxa on the island of São Tomé (Gulf of Guinea) are reviewed. These cases deal with 1) the past presence of crocodilians in the island, 2) the putative type locality of Dipsas pulverulenta Fischer, 1856, 3) the dubious presence of a mamba (genus Dendroaspis) on the island, 4) an erroneous reference to the presence of Gastropyxis smaragdina, and 5) two specimens (Psammophis lineatus and Psammophis elegans) from Carl Weiss collection, currently deposited in the Zoological Museum of Hamburg and wrongly labelled as being from São Tomé island...
February 26, 2018: Zootaxa
Izadora Vidigal, Thiago R De Carvalho, Rute B G Clemente-Carvalho, Ariovaldo A Giaretta
Crossodactylus werneri was described based on specimens collected in the 1970's at Parque Nacional do Itatiaia, being also reported for nearby localities. We collected specimens that we assigned to C. werneri, and recorded calls of the species during fieldworks at Serra das Cabras (Campinas, state of São Paulo). In this paper, we describe for the first time the vocalizations, tadpole, coloration in life, and comment on aspects of the natural history of C. werneri. Besides, the examination of specimens in zoological collections allowed us to extend the geographic range for this species...
February 28, 2018: Zootaxa
Marcel Santos De araÚjo, Maria Elina Bichuette, Gary R Bauchan, Ronald Ochoa, Reinaldo josÉ Fazzio Feres
Neocarus coronatus n. sp., is described from caves and the surrounding epigean habitats from a karst area of São Desidério county, Bahia state, Brazil. A dissection procedure is presented for the better use of scarce Opilioacaridae material, especially to analyze gut contents. Sexual dimorphism is presented, mainly differences in the density of setae on the dorsal shield in the prominent triangular anterior region. Females have an ovipositor with 3 pairs of smooth digitiform projections and 6-8 eugenital setae...
March 28, 2018: Zootaxa
Brunno Henrique Lanzellotti Sampaio, Nelson Ferreira-Jr
The genus Ytu Reichardt is the most diverse within Torridincolidae, currently with 19 species. Five new species are described herein, four of them from various localities in the southeast of Brazil (type localities in parentheses): Ytu hermes sp. nov. (Brazil, Espírito Santo, Dores do Rio Preto, Pedra Menina, Parque Nacional do Caparaó, Cachoeira Sete Pilões); Ytu hypnos sp. nov. (Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, São Fidelis, Serra Bela Joana); Ytu nyx sp. nov. (Brazil, Espírito Santo, Dores do Rio Preto, Pedra Menina, Parque Nacional do Caparaó, Rio São Domingos, Cachoeira do Aurélio); Ytu thanatos sp...
March 29, 2018: Zootaxa
Susana Trivinho-Strixino, Erika Mayumi Shimabukuro
In this second part of the study about Brazilian Pseudochironomini Sæther (Diptera: Chironomidae: Chironominae), seven new species are described and illustrated. Three species belong to the genus Pseudochironomus; they are: Pseudochironomus capivara sp. n., Pseudochironomus ariquemis sp. n. and Pseudochironomus boraceia sp. n. all are described from males, the first as pupa, the second as larva and pupa also. Four species belong to Riethia: Riethia cauame sp. n., Riethia fazzari sp. n., Riethia galilei sp...
April 4, 2018: Zootaxa
VinÍcius C ClÁudio, Gedimar P Barbosa, Roberto Leonan M Novaes, FabrÍcio B Rassy, Vlamir J Rocha, Ricardo Moratelli
Lasiurus ebenus was known only from the holotype, which was collected in 1991, in an Atlantic Forest remnant of Ilha do Cardoso State Park, southeastern Brazil. The species was described based on qualitative and quantitative morphological features. Since its original description, based on a single individual, the taxonomic status of Lasiurus ebenus has been questioned. Here we report a second record for the species that comes from Carlos Botelho State Park, São Paulo, ca. 100 km north from the type locality...
April 5, 2018: Zootaxa
Juliane Petry De Carli Monteiro, Thais Helena Condez, Paulo Christiano De Anchietta Garcia, EstevÃo Jasper Comitti, Ivan Borel Amaral, CÉlio Fernando Baptista Haddad
We describe a new species of Brachycephalus from municipality of São Francisco do Sul and municipality of Itapoá, in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil, southern Atlantic Forest. The new species is known from six localities from near sea level up to 250 meters and represents the first record of a "pumpkin-toadlet" occurring in the lowlands. Morphological traits and phylogenetic analysis of a fragment the 16S mtDNA gene place the new species in the Brachycephalus pernix group. The new species is supported by external morphology, osteology, advertisement call, and mtDNA divergence...
April 12, 2018: Zootaxa
Sarah Siqueira Oliveira, Rafaela Lopes Falaschi, Carlos josÉ Einicker Lamas
This paper provides a catalogue of the type specimens of Lygistorrhinidae (Diptera: Bibionomorpha) held in the collection of the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil (MZUSP). Label information and type condition of the six type specimens (three holotypes and three paratypes) of four species are provided, along with high resolution images of the types and their labels.
April 20, 2018: Zootaxa
Rafael C de Barros, Bianca Piraccini Silva, Carlos E de Alvarenga Julio
The genus Antodice Thomson, 1864 was revised by Martins Galileo (1998) and currently includes 27 species (Tavakilian Chevillotte 2017), distributed from Mexico to southern South America. Based on a single female specimen collected in Arroyo Cristal, Ka'azapá, Paraguay, the species Antodice quadrimaculata was first described by Martins Galileo in 2003. The holotype specimen was collected on 20 November 1999 by J. Jensen and is deposited in the Museum of Zoology of the University of São Paulo, Brazil. With the help of Carlos Aguilar, from Paraguay's National Museum of Natural History, we were able to determine the exact location where the holotype was collected...
February 5, 2018: Zootaxa
Rafael JordÃo, Bruno Clarkson, Nelson Ferreira-Jr
A new species of Oocyclus Sharp, 1882, O. pilosus sp. nov. is described and illustrated from Mato Grosso State in Central-Western Brazil. Oocyclus itapecum Clarkson Short 2012 and O. yubai Clarkson Short 2012 are newly recorded from São Paulo and from Mato Grosso, Goiás and Paraná States respectively. The doubtful record of Oocyclus aeneus Clarkson Short 2012 in Mato Grosso State is herein confirmed. An updated key to the Brazilian species of Oocyclus is provided.
February 20, 2018: Zootaxa
Antonio Santos-Silva, Maria Helena M Galileo, Luis J Joly, GÉrard L Tavakilian
Nineteen new species are described: Rosalba wappesi, from Bolivia; R. giesberti, from Bolivia; R. skillmani, from Bolivia; R. lingafelteri, from Bolivia; R. senecauxi, from French Guiana; R. dalensi, from French Guiana; R. giuglarisi, from French Guiana; R. nearnsi, from French Guiana; R. cerdai, from French Guiana; R. gaianii, from Venezuela; R. pittieri, from Venezuela; R. clinei, from Bolivia and Brazil; R. morrisi, from Costa Rica and Panama; R. schneppi, from Panama; R. birai, from Colombia; R. stenodesma, from Venezuela and French Guiana; R...
February 26, 2018: Zootaxa
Paulo A V Borges, Ana S B Rodrigues, Sara E Silva, Sofia G Seabra, OctÁvio S Paulo, JosÉ A Quartau
The meadow spittlebug, Philaenus spumarius (L.) (Hemiptera, Aphrophoridae) is a widespread insect species in the Holarctic region, exhibiting a dorsal colour balanced polymorphism. In the Azores the species is known from high elevations in Terceira and São Miguel islands. A sample of 235 individuals from Pico da Vara and Graminhais protected areas (São Miguel, Azores) (between 645 and 935 m a.s.l.), collected in 2000 and 2017, showed a remarkable high frequency of the melanic morphs flavicollis (FLA) and quadrimaculatus (QUA)...
January 2, 2018: Zootaxa
Mariana Terossi, Alexandre O Almeida, Raquel C Buranelli, Antonio L Castilho, RogÉrio C Costa, Fernando J Zara, Fernando L Mantelatto
The current checklist is the result of a long-term multidisciplinary project which combined molecular techniques (mitochondrial DNA markers) and morphological analyses of adult specimens for an accurate and detailed identification of the total biodiversity of decapod crustaceans from marine and coastal (including estuaries) environments of São Paulo State (Brazil). This is the first of a series of reports and providing a checklist of caridean shrimps of the families Hippolytidae (5 spp.), Lysmatidae (6 spp...
January 9, 2018: Zootaxa
Renan B Lemes, Kelly Nunes, Juliana E P Carnavalli, Lilian Kimura, Regina C Mingroni-Netto, Diogo Meyer, Paulo A Otto
The analysis of genomic data (~400,000 autosomal SNPs) enabled the reliable estimation of inbreeding levels in a sample of 541 individuals sampled from a highly admixed Brazilian population isolate (an African-derived quilombo in the State of São Paulo). To achieve this, different methods were applied to the joint information of two sets of markers (one complete and another excluding loci in patent linkage disequilibrium). This strategy allowed the detection and exclusion of markers that biased the estimation of the average population inbreeding coefficient (Wright's fixation index FIS), which value was eventually estimated as around 1% using any of the methods we applied...
2018: PloS One
Geilson Lima Santana, Bruno Mendonca Coelho, Yuan-Pang Wang, Alexandre Dias Porto Chiavegatto Filho, Maria Carmen Viana, Laura Helena Andrade
INTRODUCTION: Most studies on the epidemiology of personality disorders (PDs) have been conducted in high-income countries and may not represent what happens in most part of the world. In the last decades, population growth has been concentrated in low- and middle-income countries, with rapid urbanization, increasing inequalities and escalation of violence. Our aim is to estimate the prevalence of PDs in the Sao Paulo Metropolitan Area, one of the largest megacities of the world. We examined sociodemographic correlates, the influence of urban stressors, the comorbidity with other mental disorders, functional impairment and treatment...
2018: PloS One
Adeline de Mira Fernandes, Paulo E Brandão, Michele Dos Santos Lima, Maira de Souza Nunes Martins, Thais G da Silva, Vivian da Silva Cardoso Pinto, Larissa T de Paula, Marta Elisabete S Vicente, Liria H Okuda, Edviges M Pituco
Bovine coronavirus (BCoV) is one of the main aetiological agents of gastroenteritis in calves, causing significant economic damage to livestock. This study aims to characterise BCoV genetically on the basis of the N gene. A total of 114 faecal samples from beef and dairy calves with or without clinical symptoms of diarrhoea from five Brazilian states (São Paulo, Minas Gerais, Santa Catarina, Mato Grosso and Bahia) were evaluated between 2008 and 2015 by technique of Semi-nested RT-PCR for gene N and genealogical analysis...
April 24, 2018: Veterinary Medicine and Science
Giuseppe Pezzotti, Elia Marin, Tetsuya Adachi, Federica Lerussi, Alfredo Rondinella, Francesco Boschetto, Wenliang Zhu, Takashi Kitajima, Kosuke Inada, Bryan J McEntire, Ryan M Bock, B Sonny Bal, Osam Mazda
Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) is a popular polymeric biomaterial which is primarily used as an intervertebral spacer in spinal fusion surgery; but it is developed for trauma, prosthodontics, maxillofacial, and cranial implants. It has the purported advantages of an elastic modulus which is similar to native bone and it can be easily formed into custom 3D shapes. Nevertheless, PEEK's disadvantages include its poor antibacterial resistance, lack of bioactivity, and radiographic transparency. This study presents a simple approach to correcting these three shortcomings while preserving the base polymer's biocompatibility, chemical stability, and elastic modulus...
April 24, 2018: Macromolecular Bioscience
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