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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231772/changes-in-the-prevalence-and-severity-of-recurrent-wheezing-in-infants-the-results-of-two-surveys-administered-7%C3%A2-years-apart
#1
Javier Mallol, Dirceu Solé, Viviana Aguirre, Herberto Chong, Nelson Rosario, Luis García-Marcos, The Eisl Study Group
OBJECTIVE: To identify changes in the prevalence and severity of recurrent wheezing (RW) in infants using data obtained from two surveys administered seven years apart. METHODS: A cross-sectional, international, population-based study in infants aged 12-15 months was conducted. Data were obtained from two surveys (S1 and S2, in 2005 and 2012, respectively) using the same methodology in three large Latin American cities: Curitiba (Brazil), São Paulo (Brazil), and Santiago (Chile)...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224907/quantitative-postural-analysis-of-children-with-congenital-visual-impairment
#2
Michelle de Pádua, Juliana F Sauer, Silvia M A João
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the postural alignment of children with visual impairment with that of children without visual impairment. METHODS: The sample studied was 74 children of both sexes ages 5 to 12 years. Of these, 34 had visual impairment and 40 were control children. Digital photos from the standing position were used to analyze posture. Postural variables, such as tilt of the head, shoulder position, scapula position, lateral deviation of the spine, ankle position in the frontal plane and head posture, angle of thoracic kyphosis, angle of lumbar lordosis, pelvis position, and knee position in the frontal and sagittal planes, were measured with the Postural Assessment Software 0...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224710/spm-1-producing-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-st277-clone-recovered-from-microbiota-of-migratory-birds
#3
Willames M B S Martins, Ana Clara Narciso, Rodrigo Cayô, Stéfanie Vanessa Santos, Lorena C C Fehlberg, Patrícia Locosque Ramos, João Batista da Cruz, Ana Cristina Gales
The production of São Paulo metallo-β-lactamase (SPM-1) is the most common carbapenem resistance mechanism detected among multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolates in Brazil. Dissemination of SPM-1-producing P. aeruginosa has been restricted to the nosocomial settings, with sporadic reports of environmental isolates due to contamination by hospital sewage. Herein, we described the detection and molecular characterization of SPM-1-producing P. aeruginosa recovered from the microbiota of migratory birds in Brazil...
November 10, 2017: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223895/effects-of-land-use-and-sampling-distance-on-water-quality-in-tropical-headwater-springs-pimenta-creek-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-state-brazil
#4
Caio Vinicius Ferreira Marmontel, Manuel Esteban Lucas-Borja, Valdemir Antonio Rodrigues, Demetrio Antonio Zema
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220543/skin-cancer-prevention-campaign-in-childhood-survey-based-on-3-676-children-in-brazil
#5
Paulo Ricardo Criado, Jorge Ocampo-Garza, Anne Lise Dias, Walter Belda Junior, Nilton Di Chiachio, Aparecida Machado de Moraes, Meire Brasil Parada, Fátima de Oliveira Rabay, Octavio Moraes Junior, Renato Sau Rios, Cristiana Silveira da Silva, Francisco C S Ferreira, Samuel Henrique Mandeulbaum, Cidia Vasconcellos
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Primary skin cancer prevention campaigns are essential and more effective among children, not only because of the importance of sun exposure effects during this period, but also because at this age is when individuals are developing behaviors. The Brazilian Society of Dermatology - Regional State of Sao Paulo developed and conducted, the program named "The Sun, Friend of Childhood", a school health education and disease prevention project for children and parents...
December 8, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218826/poly-lactic-acid-composites-based-on-graphene-oxide-particles-with-antibacterial-behavior-enhanced-by-electrical-stimulus-and-biocompatibility
#6
P Arriagada, H Palza, P Palma, M Flores, P Caviedes
Poly(lactic acid) (PLA) is a biodegradable and biocompatible polyester widely used in biomedical applications. Unfortunately, this biomaterial suffers from some shortcomings related with the absence of both bioactivity and antibacterial capacity. In this work, composites of PLA with either graphene oxide (GO) or thermally reduced graphene oxide (TrGO) were prepared by melt mixing to overcome these limitations. PLA composites with both GO and TrGO inhibited the attachment and proliferation of E. coli and S. aureus bacteria depending on the kind and amount of filler...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217398/is-neoadjuvant-chemoradiation-with-dose-escalation-and%C3%A2-consolidation-chemotherapy-sufficient-to-increase-surgery-free-and-distant-metastases-free-survival-in-baseline%C3%A2-ct3-rectal-cancer
#7
Guilherme Pagin São Julião, Angelita Habr-Gama, Bruna Borba Vailati, Patricia Bailão Aguilar, Jorge Sabbaga, Sérgio Eduardo Alonso Araújo, Adrian Mattacheo, Flavia Andrea Alexandre, Laura Melina Fernandez, Diogo Bugano Gomes, Joaquim Gama-Rodrigues, Rodrigo Oliva Perez
Patients with cT3 rectal cancer are less likely to develop complete response to neoadjuvant chemoradiation (nCRT) and still face significant risk for systemic relapse. In this setting, radiation (RT) dose-escalation and consolidation chemotherapy in "extended" nCRT regimens have been suggested to improve primary tumor response and decrease the risks of systemic recurrences. For these reasons we compared surgery-free and distant-metastases free survival among cT3 patients undergoing standard or extended nCRT...
November 26, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216835/human-t-lymphotropic-virus-1aa-circulation-and-risk-factors-for-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-an-amazon-geographic-area-with-lowest-human-development-index-maraj%C3%A3-island-northern-brazil
#8
Samantha Assis de Aguiar, Samires Avelino de Souza França, Barbara Brasil Santana, Mike Barbosa Santos, Felipe Bonfim Freitas, Glenda Ferreira, Izaura Cayres-Vallinoto, Marluísa O G Ishak, Ricardo Ishak, Antonio Carlos Rosário Vallinoto
BACKGROUND: This cross-sectional study evaluated the prevalence of infection with human T-lymphotropic virus 1 and 2 (HTLV-1 and HTLV-2) in a population from the municipalities of Anajás, Chaves, São Sebastião da Boa Vista (SSBV) and Portel in the Marajó Archipelago and correlated these data with the epidemiological characteristics of the study population. METHODS: A total of 1899 biological samples were evaluated. The samples were screened for the presence of anti-HTLV antibodies using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and infection was confirmed using conventional polymerase chain reaction (PCR), real-time PCR and nucleotide sequencing...
December 8, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213518/cognitive-impairment-of-patients-with-chronic-renal-disease-on-hemodialysis-and-its-relationship-with-sociodemographic-and-clinical-characteristics
#9
Gabriela Dutra Gesualdo, Juliana Gomes Duarte, Marisa Silvana Zazzetta, Luciana Kusumota, Karina Gramani Say, Sofia Cristina Iost Pavarini, Fabiana de Souza Orlandi
Cognitive impairment and dementia commonly occur in individuals with chronic kidney disease, especially in advanced stages, but are still poorly diagnosed. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cognitive ability of patients with chronic kidney disease on hemodialysis and its relationship with sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in a Renal Replacement Therapy Unit in the interior of the State of São Paulo involving 99 patients...
July 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213510/actively-station-effects-on-global-cognition-of-mature-adults-and-healthy-elderly-program-using-eletronic-games
#10
Tiago Nascimento Ordonez, Felipe Borges, Camila Sato Kanashiro, Carolina Carneiro das Neves Santos, Samara Santos Hora, Thais Bento Lima-Silva
Studies show that aging is accompanied by decline in cognitive functions but also indicate that interventions, such as training on electronic games, can enhance performance and promote maintenance of cognitive abilities in healthy older adults. Objective: To investigate the effects of an electronic game program, called Actively Station, on the performance of global cognition of adults aged over 50 years. Methods: 124 mature and elderly adults enrolled in the "Actively Station" cognitive stimulation program of São Caetano do Sul City, in the State of São Paulo, participated in training for learning of electronic games...
April 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213493/normative-data-for-the-brief-cognitive-screening-battery-stratified-by-age-and-education
#11
Mônica Sanches Yassuda, Henrique Salmazo da Silva, Thais Bento Lima-Silva, Meire Cachioni, Deusivania Vieira da Silva Falcão, Andrea Lopes, Samila Sathler Tavares Batistoni, Anita Liberalesso Neri
Introduction: Diagnosing neurocognitive disorders is challenging in low-educated individuals. Objective: To report normative data for the Brief Cognitive Screening Battery (BCSB) and to assess the association of age and education with performance on the BCSB in 240 community-dwelling elderly from Ermelino Matarazzo, São Paulo city. Methods: The inclusion criteria were scoring above the education-adjusted cut-off points on the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and below six points on the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS)...
January 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211243/evidence-of-hidden-leprosy-in-a-supposedly-low-endemic-area-of-brazil
#12
Fred Bernardes, Natália Aparecida de Paula, Marcel Nani Leite, Thania Loyola Cordeiro Abi-Rached, Sebastian Vernal, Moises Batista da Silva, Josafá Gonçalves Barreto, John Stewart Spencer, Marco Andrey Cipriani Frade
OBJECTIVES: Show that hidden endemic leprosy exists in a municipality of inner São Paulo state (Brazil) with active surveillance actions based on clinical and immunological evaluations. METHODS: The study sample was composed by people randomly selected by a dermatologist during medical care in the public emergency department and by active surveillance carried out during two days at a mobile clinic. All subjects received a dermato-neurological examination and blood sampling to determine anti-PGL-I antibody titers by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
December 2017: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211233/elderly-caregivers-living-in-urban-rural-and-high-social-vulnerability-contexts
#13
Sofia Cristina Iost Pavarini, Anita Liberalesso Neri, Allan Gustavo Brígola, Ana Carolina Ottaviani, Érica Nestor Souza, Estefani Serafim Rossetti, Mariélli Terassi, Nathalia Alves de Oliveira, Bruna Moretti Luchesi
OBJECTIVE Comparing the differences in the sociodemographic, care and health profiles of elderly caregivers of the elderly living in urban, rural, and high social vulnerability contexts. METHOD A cross-sectional study developed with elderly caregivers enrolled in the Family Health Units of a municipality in the interior of São Paulo. Household interviews and evaluations were conducted on: Activities of Daily Living (ADL), self-reported pain, frailty, cognition, life satisfaction, family functionality, burden, stress and hope...
2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211204/pragmatic-criteria-of-the-definition-of-neonatal-near-miss-a-comparative-study
#14
Pauline Lorena Kale, Maria Helena Prado de Mello Jorge, Ruy Laurenti, Sandra Costa Fonseca, Kátia Silveira da Silva
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to test the validity of the pragmatic criteria of the definitions of neonatal near miss, extending them throughout the infant period, and to estimate the indicators of perinatal care in public maternity hospitals. METHODS: A cohort of live births from six maternity hospitals in the municipalities of São Paulo, Niterói, and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, was carried out in 2011. We carried out interviews and checked prenatal cards and medical records...
December 4, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211200/air-pollution-and-hospitalizations-in-the-largest-brazilian-metropolis
#15
Nelson Gouveia, Flavia Prado Corrallo, Antônio Carlos Ponce de Leon, Washington Junger, Clarice Umbelino de Freitas
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of air pollution on hospitalizations for respiratory and cardiovascular diseases in the largest Brazilian metropolis. METHODS: This study was carried out at the Metropolitan Region of São Paulo, Brazil. Environmental data were obtained from the network of monitoring stations of nine municipalities. Air pollution exposure was measured by daily means of PM10 (particles with a nominal mean aerodynamic diameter ≤ 10 μm) per municipality, while daily counts of hospitalizations for respiratory and cardiovascular diseases within the Brazilian Unified Health System were the outcome...
December 4, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211192/tobacco-addiction-in-the-psychiatric-population-and-in-the-general-population
#16
Renata Marques de Oliveira, Jair Lício Ferreira Santos, Antonia Regina Ferreira Furegato
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the degree of tobacco addiction and identify independently associated factors by comparing the psychiatric population of secondary and tertiary care with the general population of the primary healthcare network. METHOD: This is a cross-sectional epidemiological study, conducted in a municipality of São Paulo, with 134 smokers of a Mental Health Outpatient Unit (MHOU), a Psychiatric Hospital (PH), and a Primary Healthcare Unit (PHU). Data were collected by means of individual interviews, recorded on a mobile device...
December 4, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211179/survival-analysis-of-women-with-breast-cancer-competing-risk-models
#17
Rosemeire de Olanda Ferraz, Djalma de Carvalho Moreira-Filho
This study aimed to estimate the effects of prognostic factors on breast cancer survival, such as age, staging, and extension of the tumor, using proportional hazards and competing risks models proposed by Cox and Fine-Gray, respectively. This is a retrospective cohort study, based on a population of 524 women, who were diagnosed with breast cancer in the period from 1993 to 1995 and monitored until 2011, residents in the city of Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil. The cutoff points for the variable of age were defined with Cox simple models...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211174/accelerometer-determined-peak-cadence-and-weight-status-in-children-from-s%C3%A3-o-caetano-do-sul-brazil
#18
Gerson Luis de Moraes Ferrari, Timóteo Araújo, Luis Carlos Oliveira, Victor Keihan Rodrigues Matsudo, Emily Mire, Tiago Barreira, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Peter T Katzmarzyk
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between peak cadence indicators and body mass index (BMI) and body fat percentage (BF%)-defined weight status in children. The sample comprised 485 Brazilian children. Minute-by-minute step data from accelerometry were rank ordered for each day to identify the peak 1-minute, 30-minute and 60-minute cadence values. Data were described by BMI-defined and bioelectrical impedance-determined BF% weight status. BMI-defined normal weight children had higher peak 1-minute (115...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211149/characteristics-of-the-mortality-information-system-in-municipalities-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-state-brazil-2015
#19
Cátia Martinez Minto, Gizelton Pereira Alencar, Marcia Furquim de Almeida, Zilda Pereira da Silva
OBJECTIVE: to describe characteristics of the Mortality Information System (SIM) in municipalities of São Paulo State, in 2015. METHODS: descriptive study with data collected through an electronic questionnaire, with questions on the profile of technical managers, human resources and IT structure. RESULTS: 584/645 municipalities (90.5%) participated; technical managers were mainly women (81.5%), nurses (64.9%), career civil servants (66.1%) and had more than 3 years of work experience with SIM (68...
October 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211146/vaccination-coverage-according-to-doses-received-and-timely-administered-based-on-an-electronic-immunization-registry-araraquara-sp-brazil-2012-2014
#20
Márcia de Cantuária Tauil, Ana Paula Sayuri Sato, Ângela Aparecida Costa, Marta Inenami, Vinícius Leati de Rossi Ferreira, Eliseu Alves Waldman
OBJECTIVE: to describe vaccine coverage by type of vaccine at 12 and 24 months of age. METHODS: descriptive cohort study with children born in 2012, living in Araraquara-SP, Brazil, recorded in the Information System on Live Births (Sinasc); a manual linkage of Sinasc data with an electronic immunization registry (EIR) was performed; the assessment was based on vaccination status according to São Paulo State recommendations, and on doses received and timely administered...
October 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
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