keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Emergent surgery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334608/factors-associated-with-prolonged-patient-attributable-delay-in-the-diagnosis-of-colorectal-cancer
#1
Irene Zarcos-Pedrinaci, Teresa Téllez, Francisco Rivas-Ruiz, María Del Carmen Padilla-Ruiz, Julia Alcaide, Antonio Rueda, María Luisa Baré, María Manuela Morales Suárez-Varela, Eduardo Briones, Cristina Sarasqueta, Nerea Fernández-Larrea, Antonio Escobar, José María Quintana, Maximino Redondo
Purpose: The delayed diagnosis of colorectal cancer (CRC) may be attributable to sociodemographic characteristics, to aspects of tumour histopathology or to the functioning of the health system. We seek to determine which of these factors most influences prolonged patient-attributable delay (PPAD) in the diagnosis and treatment of CRC. Materials and method: A prospective, multicentre observational study was conducted in 22 Spanish hospitals. In total, 1,785 patients were recruited to the study between 2010 and 2012 and underwent elective or urgent surgery...
January 2, 2018: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334510/comparing-peri-operative-complications-of-paediatric-and-adult-anaesthesia-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-81%C3%A2-267-cases
#2
Andrie C Westerkamp, A Fred de Geus, Bouwe Molenbuur, Peter Meyer, J K Götz Wietasch, Michel M R F Struys, Herman G D Hendriks
BACKGROUND: Comparisons of peri-operative complications associated with paediatric (≤16 years) and adult anaesthesia are poorly available, especially in which cardiac surgery, organ transplantation and neurosurgery are involved. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the nature and incidence of peri-operative complications that might be due to anaesthesia and to identify independent risk factors for complications in children and adults, including those undergoing cardiac surgery, organ transplantation and neurosurgery...
January 13, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334495/the-ethics-of-interventional-procedures-for-patients-too-ill-for-surgery
#3
Caroline G Kan, Michael Nurok
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Minimally invasive interventional procedures are increasingly popular options for patients who are high-risk candidates for open surgical procedures. It is unclear how to proceed in the rare circumstance of a complication during an interventional procedure, where addressing the complication would require exposing the patient to the full risk that was being avoided with the minimally invasive technique. This review provides recommendations on how to approach this paradoxical scenario...
January 12, 2018: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333775/-effect-of-dexmedetomidine-on-emergence-agitation-after-general-anesthesia-in-children-undergoing-odontotherapy-in-day-surgery-operating-room
#4
Luo Lin, Zhang Yueming, Li Meisheng, Wang Jiexue, Ji Yang
OBJECTIVE: To study the effectiveness of dexmedetomidine used for general anesthesia maintenance in children undergoing odontotherapy in day-surgery operating room in reducing the incidence of emergence agitation (EA). METHODS: Eighty children undergoing odontotherapy and under general anesthesia in day-surgery operating room were randomized into two groups, group A (n=40) and group B (n=40). Each patient in group A was administered with a bolus dose of dexmedetomidine (1...
December 1, 2017: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333425/outcomes-of-selective-surgery-in-patients-with-suspected-small-bowel-injury-from-blunt-trauma
#5
Hyoung-Chul Park, Jong Whan Kim, Min Jeong Kim, Bong Hwa Lee
Purpose: The role of initial conservative therapy with selective surgery for patients with suspected blunt bowel injury by radiologic evaluation is less clear. The aim of the study is to assess the outcomes of patients who received initial conservative therapy with selective delayed surgery, compared to emergency surgery. Methods: During this 8-year study, a total of 77 patients who were hemodynamically stable were enrolled, in which computed tomography verified suspected bowel injury from blunt trauma (mesenteric hematoma, mesenteric fat infiltration, bowel wall thickening, and free fluid without solid organ injury) was managed with either initial conservative therapy with selective delayed surgery (group A; n = 42) or emergency surgery (group B; n = 35)...
January 2018: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333369/assessment-of-the-anterior-loop-of-the-inferior-alveolar-nerve-via-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#6
Baratollah Shaban, Amin Khajavi, Nasim Khaki, Yones Mohiti, Tahere Mehri, Hamed Kermani
Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate different anatomical variants of the anterior loop of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) via cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Materials and Methods: CBCT images of 71 patients (36 males and 35 females) were evaluated. We used the classification described by Solar for IAN evaluation. In this classification, three different types of IAN loops were introduced prior to emerging from the mental foramen. We classified patients according to this system and introduced a new, fourth type...
December 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333014/is-colorectal-cancer-in-young-40-years-different-from-those-in-the-elderly-40-years-experience-from-a-regional-care-center
#7
Rudresha A Haleshappa, Suparna Ajit Rao, Sunny Garg, C Lakshmaiah Kuntegowdanahalli, Govinda Babu Kanakasetty, Lokanatha Dasappa
Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is considered a disease of elderly. There has been a steady decrease in the incidence in those aged >50 years, with an alarming increase noted in adults aged <50 years. Subjects and Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 89 patients diagnosed with CRC aged <40 years between the years 2010 and 2014. Their clinical profile, treatment, and outcomes were studied. Results: The median age was 33 years with a male preponderance (56...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332920/aorto-cutaneous-fistula-after-surgical-treatment-of-stanford-type-a-aortic-dissection
#8
Chenyu Zhao, Zhicheng Zhu, Xiaomei Zheng, Kexiang Liu
An aorto-cutaneous fistula is a rare complication that occurs after aortic surgery. Due to its rarity, postoperative complications are not normally highlighted in most standard teaching. We report here a case of aorto-cutaneous fistula after surgical treatment of a Stanford type A aortic dissection (AD) in a 67-year-old Chinese male. The patient presented with severe right heart dysfunction and a mass was found in the upper-middle of his chest, which started bleeding in the next years. On admission, preoperative aortic computed tomography angiography (CTA) showed a huge hematoma located in the anterior superior mediastinum and a shunt between the embedding cavity of the aortic root and right atrium...
January 15, 2018: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332327/stage-ii-thymoma-and-emergency-coronary-artery-bypass-to-irradiate-or-not-to-irradiate-to-avoid-radiation-induced-vascular-injury-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
Ilias A Kouerinis, Maria Tolia, Flora Zagouri, Michail Nikolaou, Nikolaos Tsoukalas, George Kyrgias, Meletios A Dimopoulos, Charalambos Vlachopoulos, Ioannis Karathanassis, Christina K Zoubouli, Ioannis Kokakis, Vasileios Kouloulias, Konstantinos Triantafillou
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to present the controversial role of adjuvant radiotherapy to a 72-year-old male patient with Masaoka stage II thymoma and coronary artery bypass and to review the relevant literature. METHODS: The data were collected by relevant studies on PubMed and EMBASE. Articles up to March 2017 were included. RESULTS: Although the radiation-induced vascular injury to the internal thoracic artery and its suitability for grafting in a patient who is candidate for coronary artery bypass is documented, the possible catastrophic effect of adjuvant radiotherapy to existing grafts in a patient with prior bypass surgery has not been fully investigated...
November 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332196/bioelectronic-modulation-of-carotid-sinus-nerve-activity-in-the-rat-a-potential-therapeutic-approach-for-type-2-diabetes
#10
Joana F Sacramento, Daniel J Chew, Bernardete F Melo, Matteo Donegá, Wesley Dopson, Maria P Guarino, Alison Robinson, Jesus Prieto-Lloret, Sonal Patel, Bradley J Holinski, Nishan Ramnarain, Victor Pikov, Kristoffer Famm, Silvia V Conde
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: A new class of treatments termed bioelectronic medicines are now emerging that aim to target individual nerve fibres or specific brain circuits in pathological conditions to repair lost function and reinstate a healthy balance. Carotid sinus nerve (CSN) denervation has been shown to improve glucose homeostasis in insulin-resistant and glucose-intolerant rats; however, these positive effects from surgery appear to diminish over time and are heavily caveated by the severe adverse effects associated with permanent loss of chemosensory function...
January 14, 2018: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331494/a-novel-difficult-airway-prediction-tool-for-emergency-airway-management-validation-of-the-heaven-criteria-in-a-large-air-medical-cohort
#11
Edward Kuzmack, Travis Inglis, David Olvera, Allen Wolfe, Kona Seng, Daniel Davis
BACKGROUND: Difficult-airway prediction tools help identify optimal airway techniques, but were derived in elective surgery patients and may not be applicable to emergency rapid sequence intubation (RSI). The HEAVEN criteria (Hypoxemia, Extremes of size, Anatomic abnormalities, Vomit/blood/fluid, Exsanguination, Neck mobility issues) may be more relevant to emergency RSI patients. OBJECTIVE: To validate the HEAVEN criteria for difficult-airway prediction in emergency RSI using a large air medical cohort...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331398/critical-differences-between-elective-and-emergency-surgery-identifying-domains-for-quality-improvement-in-emergency-general-surgery
#12
Alexandra B Columbus, Megan A Morris, Elizabeth J Lilley, Alyssa F Harlow, Adil H Haider, Ali Salim, Joaquim M Havens
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to characterize providers' impressions of factors contributing to disproportionate rates of morbidity and mortality in emergency general surgery to identify targets for care quality improvement. BACKGROUND: Emergency general surgery is characterized by a high-cost burden and disproportionate morbidity and mortality. Factors contributing to these observed disparities are not comprehensively understood and targets for quality improvement have not been formally developed...
January 10, 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331084/baus-consensus-document-for-the-management-of-male-genital-emergencies-penile-amputation
#13
REVIEW
C J Shukla, G Brown, T Dorkin, M Lucky, R Pearcy, R W Rees, M Shabbir, D J Summerton, A Muneer
Male genital emergencies relating to the penis and scrotum are rare and require prompt investigation and surgical intervention. Clinicians are often unfamiliar with the management of these conditions and may not work in a specialist centre with on-site expertise in genitourethral surgery available. A series of consensus statements have been developed by an expert consensus comprising BAUS Section of Andrology and Genitourethral Surgery together with experts from units throughout the UK. Penile amputation is a rare gentile emergency and requires prompt intervention and microsurgical reconstruction...
January 13, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330853/transnasal-humidified-rapid-insufflation-ventilatory-exchange-thrive-vs-facemask-breathing-pre-oxygenation-for-rapid-sequence-induction-in-adults-a-prospective-randomised-non-blinded-clinical-trial
#14
Å Lodenius, J Piehl, A Östlund, J Ullman, M Jonsson Fagerlund
Transnasal humidified rapid-insufflation ventilatory exchange (THRIVE) can prolong apnoea time in adults. Therefore, THRIVE used for pre-oxygenation in rapid sequence induction of anaesthesia could extend safe apnoea time during prolonged laryngoscopy and intubation. In this randomised controlled trial, we compared the lowest peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2 ) during intubation when pre-oxygenating with either traditional facemask or THRIVE. Eighty adult patients, undergoing rapid sequence induction of anaesthesia for emergency surgery, were randomly allocated to pre-oxygenation with 100% oxygen with facemask or with THRIVE...
January 13, 2018: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330835/international-guidelines-for-groin-hernia-management
#15
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery...
January 12, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330276/cutaneous-mycobacterium-massiliense-infection-from-tattooing-a-common-yet-under-reported-and-persistent-epidemic-hazard-for-dermatologists
#16
Lymaries Velez, Jennifer Harb, Stephanie Anuszewski, Stanton Wesson
Tattoo popularity continues to rise, with 3 in 10 Americans bearing at least one. Among tattoo complications, non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) has emerged as a global public health concern. NTM infections associated with tattooing of immunocompetent individuals have occurred as sporadic cases and community outbreaks. Water sources are considered the major pathogenic reservoirs. Tattoo-related inoculation has been linked to contamination of ink, either during the manufacturing process or during dilution of black ink using non-sterile water...
January 12, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329974/bariatric-surgery-many-benefits-but-emerging-risks
#17
Matthew J Spittal, Gema Frühbeck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329825/effectiveness-and-safety-of-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-in-patients-with-pure-aortic-regurgitation-and-advanced-heart-failure
#18
Gabriele Pesarini, Mattia Lunardi, Anna Piccoli, Leonardo Gottin, Daniele Prati, Valeria Ferrero, Roberto Scarsini, Aldo Milano, Alberto Forni, Giuseppe Faggian, Flavio Ribichini
Results of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) for treatment of severe noncalcific isolated aortic regurgitation (AR) complicated by advanced heart failure or cardiogenic shock has been previously reported only in isolated case reports. Current self-expanding transcatheter aortic valves are designed to treat aortic valve stenosis, and have also been implanted in cases of severe AR due to degenerated bioprosthesis and in very few cases of native aortic valves. We report 13 consecutive inoperable patients with noncalcific, pure AR, and advanced heart failure treated with emergency percutaneous transfemoral implantation with self-expandable CoreValves at our institution between July 2012 and September 2017...
December 11, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329493/a-randomized-double-blind-controlled-trial-of-intravenous-meloxicam-in-the-treatment-of-pain-following-dental-impaction-surgery
#19
Steven E Christensen, Stephen A Cooper, Randall J Mack, Stewart W McCallum, Wei Du, Alex Freyer
This randomized, controlled phase 2 study was conducted to evaluate the analgesic efficacy, safety, and tolerability of single intravenous (IV) doses of 15 mg, 30 mg, and 60 mg meloxicam compared with oral ibuprofen 400 mg and placebo after dental impaction surgery. The primary efficacy end point was the sum of time-weighted pain intensity differences for 0-24 hours postdose. Among 230 evaluable subjects, meloxicam IV 60 mg produced the greatest reduction in pain, followed by the 30-mg and 15-mg doses. Statistically significant differences in summed pain intensity differences over 24 hours were demonstrated for each active-treatment group vs placebo (favoring active treatment) and for meloxicam IV 30 mg and 60 mg vs ibuprofen 400 mg (favoring meloxicam IV)...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329490/nematode-eggs-observed-in-cytology-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-diagnostic-for-intramedullary-spirocerca-lupi-spinal-cord-migration
#20
Sigal Klainbart, Orit Chai, Rafael Vaturi, Kira Rapoport, Itamar Aroch, Merav Hagar Shamir
Spinal spirocercosis due to aberrant Spirocerca lupi nematode migration is an emerging etiology for acute myelitis in dogs in Israel, causing severe, mostly nonsymmetrical hind limb paresis or paralysis, and sometimes tetraparesis or tetraparalysis. So far, incidental identification of parasites during spinal surgery or at necropsy provides the only definite diagnosis, while antemortem diagnosis of this condition has been uncertain. Specifically, antemortem diagnosis is based on the typical clinical presentation of acute, progressive, asymmetrical hind limb paresis or paralysis, with moderate to severe eosinophilic to mixed cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pleocytosis and increased CSF protein concentration...
January 12, 2018: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
keyword
keyword
25582
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"