keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Gallbladder

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214212/primary-multiple-tumor-with-affection-of-the-thyroid-gland-uterus-urinary-bladder-mammary-gland-and-other-organs
#1
А Romaniuk, M Lyndin, V Smiyanov, Vl Sikora, A Rieznik, Y Kuzenko, H Budko, Yu Moskalenko, L Karpenko, Vol Sikora, O Gladchenko
BACKGROUND: Nowadays multiple primary tumor is characterized by growth and development of two or more tumors in one patient. The total world sickness rate ranges from 1% to 37%. The presence of four or more tumors in one patient is rare case and presented as casuistry. CASE PRESENTATION: We showed a case of multiple primary tumor with metahronic lesion of the thyroid, uterus and breast, followed by synchronous benign tumors of the subcutaneous fat, urinary bladder and gallbladder were considered...
January 19, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213744/intraductal-papillary-neoplasm-originating-from-an-anomalous-bile-duct
#2
Harufumi Maki, Taku Aoki, Takeaki Ishizawa, Mariko Tanaka, Takashi Sakatani, Yoshifumi Beck, Kiyoshi Hasegawa, Yoshihiro Sakamoto, Norihiro Kokudo
An 82-year-old woman who had been suffering from repeated obstructive jaundice for 7 years was referred to our hospital. Although endoscopic aspiration of the mucin in the common bile duct had been temporally effective, origin of the mucin production had not been detectable. The patient thus had been forced to be on long-term follow-up without curative resection. Endoscopic retrograde cholangioscopy on admission revealed massive mucin in the common bile duct. In addition, an anomalous bile duct located proximal to the gallbladder was identified...
February 17, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213107/hypoglycemic-effect-of-the-polyphenols-rich-extract-from-rose-rugosa-thunb-on-high-fat-diet-and-stz-induced-diabetic-rats
#3
Liu Liu, Dan Tang, Haiqing Zhao, Xuelei Xin, Haji Akber Aisa
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Rosa rugosa Thunb is traditional Uygur medicine, it is widely used for regulating blood condition, nourishing liver and gallbladder in Uygur ancient prescription. But the mechanism of Rosa rugosa Thunb on diabetes is still unclear. In here, we studied the hypoglycemic effect and explained one probable pathway of polyphenols rich extract from Rosa rugosa Thunb (RPE) on diabetic rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vitro, the effect of RPE on α-glucosidase inhibition was finished, and the antioxidant activity of RPE was evaluated by ABTS and DPPH assay...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212545/snora74b-gene-silencing-inhibits-gallbladder-cancer-cells-by-inducing-phlpp-and-suppressing-akt-mtor-signaling
#4
Yiyu Qin, Li Meng, Yang Fu, Zhiwei Quan, Mingzhe Ma, Mingzhe Weng, Zhengdong Zhang, Cuixiang Gao, Xinghua Shi, Koulan Han
Small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) have been implicated in the development of many cancers. We therefore examined the differential expression of snoRNAs between gallbladder cancer (GBC) tissues and matched adjacent non-tumor tissues using expression microarray analysis with confirmation by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Western blot analysis showed that SNORA74B levels were higher in GBC than non-tumor tissues. SNORA74B expression was positively associated with local invasion, advanced TNM stage, CA19-9 level, and Ki67 expression in patients with GBC, while it was negatively associated with expression of PHLPP, an endogenous Akt inhibitor...
February 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212293/targeting-angiogenesis-in-biliary-tract-cancers-an-open-option
#5
REVIEW
Valeria Simone, Oronzo Brunetti, Luigi Lupo, Mario Testini, Eugenio Maiorano, Michele Simone, Vito Longo, Christian Rolfo, Marc Peeters, Aldo Scarpa, Amalia Azzariti, Antonio Russo, Domenico Ribatti, Nicola Silvestris
Biliary tract cancers (BTCs) are characterized by a bad prognosis and the armamentarium of drugs for their treatment is very poor. Although the inflammatory status of biliary tract represents the first step in the cancerogenesis, the microenvironment also plays a key role in the pathogenesis of BTCs, promoting tumor angiogenesis, invasion and metastasis. Several molecules, such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and fibroblast growth factor (FGF), are involved in the angiogenesis process and their expression on tumor samples has been explored as prognostic marker in both cholangiocarcinoma and gallbladder cancer...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211283/gallstone-ileus-presenting-as-obstructive-gangrenous-appendicitis
#6
José Cruz-Santiago, Giuseppe Briceño-Sáenz, Javier García-Álvarez, José Luis Beristain-Hernández
We present the very unusual case of a 38-year-old woman with acute appendicitis and intestinal obstruction. During surgery, a 2.5 cm gallstone impacted at the base of the cecal appendix was found as the cause of a gangrenous appendicitis and obstruction; a choledochal-duodenal fistula was found during the same surgery with no gallstones remaining in the gallbladder or elsewhere. The case was managed by appendectomy with retrieval of the gallstones and no other procedure was performed for the gallbladder or the fistula, since no other gallstone was found on examination...
February 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210510/single-operator-peroral-cholangioscopy-for-extraction-of-cystic-duct-stones-in-postcholecystectomy-mirizzi-syndrome
#7
Jason Deforest Jones, Rishi Pawa
Mirizzi syndrome is an exceptionally rare diagnosis with an annual incidence of less than 1% in developed countries. In this disease process, stone burden in the cystic duct or gallbladder neck leads to common hepatic duct obstruction, either by mechanical compression or secondary inflammation. Mirizzi syndrome is classified into one of four types based on the presence and severity of cholecystobiliary fistulization. Treatment is primarily surgical in nature and largely dictated by the type of Mirizzi syndrome encountered...
2017: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209497/a-multicenter-assessment-of-the-ability-of-preoperative-computed-tomography-scan-and-ca-125-to-predict-gross-residual-disease-at-primary-debulking-for-advanced-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#8
Rudy S Suidan, Pedro T Ramirez, Debra M Sarasohn, Jerrold B Teitcher, Revathy B Iyer, Qin Zhou, Alexia Iasonos, John Denesopolis, Oliver Zivanovic, Kara C Long Roche, Yukio Sonoda, Robert L Coleman, Nadeem R Abu-Rustum, Hedvig Hricak, Dennis S Chi
OBJECTIVE: To assess the ability of preoperative computed tomography scan and CA-125 to predict gross residual disease (RD) at primary cytoreduction in advanced ovarian cancer. METHODS: A prospective, non-randomized, multicenter trial of patients who underwent primary debulking for stage III-IV epithelial ovarian cancer previously identified 9 criteria associated with suboptimal (>1cm residual) cytoreduction. This is a secondary post-hoc analysis looking at the ability to predict any RD...
February 13, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208276/single-drop-solution-electrode-discharge-induced-cold-vapor-generation-coupling-to-matrix-solid-phase-dispersion-a-robust-approach-for-sensitive-quantification-of-total-mercury-distribution-in-fish
#9
Qian Chen, Yao Lin, Yunfei Tian, Li Wu, Lu Yang, Xiandeng Hou, Chengbin Zheng
Sensitive quantification of mercury distribution in fish is challenging because of insufficient sensitivities of conventional analytical methods, the limited mass of organs (tens of micrograms to several milligrams), and dilution of analyte concentration from sample digestion. In this work, a simple and robust approach coupling multiwall carbon nanotubes assisted matrix solid-phase dispersion (MWCNTs-MSPD) to single-drop solution electrode glow discharge-induced cold vapor generation (SD-SEGD-CVG) was developed for the sensitive determination of mercury in limited amount of sample...
February 7, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203130/agenesis-of-the-gallbladder-role-of-clinical-suspicion-and-magnetic-resonance-to-avoid-unnecessary-surgery
#10
Eugenio Tagliaferri, Heinrich Bergmann, Sebastian Hammans, Aziz Shiraz, Eckhard Stüber, Christoph Seidlmayer
Isolated agenesis of the gallbladder is usually a rare asymptomatic anatomical variation, with an estimated incidence of 10-65 per 100,000. Females are more commonly affected (ratio 3: 1), with the disease typically presenting in the second or third decade of their life. Despite an absent gallbladder, half of the patients present with symptoms similar to biliary colic, which is poorly understood. The rarity of this condition combined with its clinical and radiological features often lead to a wrong preoperative diagnosis so that many patients undergo unnecessary operative intervention...
September 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196311/an-opportunity-in-difficulty-japan-korea-taiwan-expert-delphi-consensus-on-surgical-difficulty-during-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#11
Yukio Iwashita, Taizo Hibi, Tetsuji Ohyama, Goro Honda, Masahiro Yoshida, Fumihiko Miura, Tadahiro Takada, Ho-Seong Han, Tsann-Long Hwang, Satoshi Shinya, Kenji Suzuki, Akiko Umezawa, Yoo-Seok Yoon, In-Seok Choi, Wayne Shih-Wei Huang, Kuo-Hsin Chen, Manabu Watanabe, Yuta Abe, Takeyuki Misawa, Yuichi Nagakawa, Dong-Sup Yoon, Jin-Young Jang, Hee Chul Yu, Keun Soo Ahn, Song Cheol Kim, In Sang Song, Ji Hoon Kim, Sung-Su Yun, Seong Ho Choi, Yi-Yin Jan, Yan-Shen Shan, Chen-Guo Ker, De-Chuan Chan, Cheng-Chung Wu, King-Teh Lee, Naoyuki Toyota, Ryota Higuchi, Yoshiharu Nakamura, Yoshiaki Mizuguchi, Yutaka Takeda, Masahiro Ito, Shinji Norimizu, Shigetoshi Yamada, Naoki Matsumura, Junichi Shindoh, Hiroki Sunagawa, Takeshi Gocho, Hiroshi Hasegawa, Toshiki Rikiyama, Naohiro Sata, Nobuyasu Kano, Seigo Kitano, Hiromi Tokumura, Yuichi Yamashita, Goro Watanabe, Kunitoshi Nakagawa, Taizo Kimura, Tatsuo Yamakawa, Go Wakabayashi, Rintaro Mori, Itaru Endo, Masaru Miyazaki, Masakazu Yamamoto
BACKGROUND: We previously identified 25 intraoperative findings during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) as potential indicators of surgical difficulty per nominal group technique. This study aimed to build a consensus among expert LC surgeons on the impact of each item on surgical difficulty. METHODS: Surgeons from Japan, Korea, and Taiwan (n = 554) participated in a Delphi process and graded the 25 items on a seven-stage scale (range, 0-6). Consensus was defined as (i) the interquartile range (IQR) of overall responses ≤2 and (ii) ≥66% of the responses concentrated within a median ± 1 after stratification by workplace and LC experience level...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196310/gemcitabine-cisplatin-versus-gemcitabine-oxaliplatin-doublet-chemotherapy-in-advanced-gallbladder-cancers-a-match-pair-analysis
#12
Anant Ramaswamy, Vikas Ostwal, Rakesh Pinniti, Sadhana Kannan, Prabhat Bhargava, Chaitali Nashikkar, Jimmy Mirani, Shripad Banavali
BACKGROUND: Gemcitabine-cisplatin (GC) and gemcitabine-oxaliplatin (GO) are the most commonly used regimens in advanced gallbladder cancer (GBC). METHODS: The data of patients with advanced GBC, treated between January 2013 and June 2015 were retrieved. A 1:1 matching without replacement was performed by using nearest neighbour matching method. RESULTS: 326 patients (163 GC and 163 GO), were matched 1:1 by age and gender. The response rates for GC and GO were 31...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195258/linitis-plastica-like-primary-signet-ring-cell-carcinoma-of-the-gallbladder-an-extremely-rare-variant
#13
S Agarwal, P Pandey, P Durgapal, M Krishna
Signet ring carcinoma (SRCC) of gallbladder is an extremely rare tumor accounting for approximately 3% of all gallbladder carcinomas, with a handful of case reports in the literature. We report a case of signet ring cell carcinoma of the gallbladder in a 70 year-old female who was operated upon after the preoperative diagnosis of cholecystitis with cholelithiasis, based on ultrasonographic findings and subsequently diagnosed as signet ring cell carcinoma of the gallbladder on histopathological examination. Grossly there was no discrete growth, instead tumor presented as linitis plastica like diffuse thickening of the gallbladder wall...
December 2016: Pathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195110/a-case-of-gallbladder-mass-malakoplakia-the-tumor-mimicker
#14
Kanwaljeet Singh, Tathagatta Chatterjee
Diagnosis of malakoplakia presenting as gall bladder mass is a diagnostic dilemma faced by pathologists, radiologists, and surgeons. Malakoplakia is a rare inflammatory disorder and tumor mimicker usually occurring in the urinary tract, may occasionally be found in gall bladder. Here, we present a rare case, presenting as gall bladder mass in a known case of gallstone disease, clinically suspected as carcinoma and later turned out to be malakoplakia in gall bladder.
January 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195033/techniques-for-nonterminal-blood-sampling-in-black-tailed-prairie-dogs-cynomys-ludovicianus
#15
Valerie Head David Eshar And Melissa R Nau
Black-tailed prairie dogs (Cynomys ludovicianus) are used as an animal model for research on gallbladder stones and several infectious diseases. A comprehensive, instructive resource regarding the appropriate techniques for venipuncture and collection of nonterminal blood samples in this species has not yet been published. Blood samples (1 mL or larger) were readily obtained from the jugular vein, femoral vein, or cranial vena cava, whereas peripheral sites, such as the cephalic vein, saphenous vein, and tarsal vein, mainly were useful for obtaining smaller volumes...
February 13, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194287/acute-acalculous-cholecystitis-a-rare-presentation-of-primary-epstein-barr-virus-infection-in-adults-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Zuhal Yesilbag, Asli Karadeniz, Fatih Oner Kaya
Primary Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is almost always a self-limited disease characterized by sore throat, fever, and lymphadenopathy. Hepatic involvement is usually characterized by mild elevations of aminotransferases and resolves spontaneously. Although isolated gallbladder wall thickness has been reported in these patients, acute acalculous cholecystitis is an atypical presentation of primary EBV infection. We presented a young women admitted with a 10-day history of fever, nausea, malaise who had jaundice and right upper quadrant tenderness on the physical examination...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194091/establishment-and-characterization-of-a-novel-highly-aggressive-gallbladder-cancer-cell-line-tj-gbc2
#17
Zhong-Yan Liu, Guo-Li Xu, Hui-Hong Tao, Yao-Qin Yang, Yue-Zu Fan
BACKGROUND: Human gallbladder cancer (GBC) is an aggressive malignant neoplasm with a poor prognosis. The development of ideal tools for example tumor cell lines for investigating biological behavior, metastatic mechanism and potential treatment in GBCs is essential. In present study, we established and characterized a GBC cell line derived from primary tumor. METHODS: Primary culture method was used to establish this cell line from a primary GBC. Light and electron microscopes, flow cytometry, chromosome analysis, heterotransplantation and immunohistochemistry were used to characterize the epidemic tumor characteristics and phenotypes of this cell line...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191293/the-imaging-and-pathological-features-of-metastatic-leiomyosarcoma-in-the-gallbladder
#18
Yi Guo, Eleanor Chen, Darin J Davidson, Venu G Pillarisetty, Robin L Jones, Seth M Pollack
Uterine leiomyosarcoma is a rare and aggressive malignancy with poor overall prognosis. There have been few reports of metastatic leiomyosarcoma in the gallbladder. We report a case of a 41-year-old female who underwent total abdominal hysterectomy due to presumed uterine fibroids. The postoperative pathology revealed high-grade pleomorphic leiomyosarcoma, with involvement of the uterine serosal surface. She subsequently underwent exploratory laparotomy, followed by pelvic radiation and chemotherapy. Since initial management she has developed metastatic disease and has been under treatment and surveillance for 11 years...
November 17, 2016: Rare Tumors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190819/cholecystectomy-in-a-heifer
#19
Takeshi Tsuka, Hinako Tanaka, Shinji Kono, Takehito Morita, Yusuke Murahata, Kazuo Azuma, Tomohiro Osaki, Norihiko Ito, Yoshiharu Okamoto, Tomohiro Imagawa
A 10-month-old female Japanese black heifer presenting with sudden loss of appetite was diagnosed with extreme extension of the gallbladder. Laparotomy reaching from the right part of the 10th rib to the right flank showed an extended gallbladder greater than 50 cm in diameter. Cholecystectomy was performed as follows: 1) complete removal of the gallbladder distally from the base; 2) flushing via a catheter inserted into the common bile duct; and 3) covering of the hole opened in the common bile duct with a double-suturing method using the mucous membrane and muscular layers of the remaining gallbladder structures...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186337/impaired-intestinal-cholecystokinin-secretion-a-fascinating-but-overlooked-link-between-celiac-disease-and-cholesterol-gallstone-disease
#20
REVIEW
Helen H Wang, Min Liu, Xiaodan Li, Piero Portincasa, David Q-H Wang
BACKGROUND: Celiac disease is a chronic, small intestinal, immune-mediated enteropathy caused by a permanent intolerance to dietary gluten in genetically predisposed individuals. Clinical studies have found that intestinal cholecystokinin secretion and gallbladder emptying in response to a fatty meal are impaired before celiac patients start the gluten-free diet (GFD). DESIGN: However, it was never really appreciated whether celiac disease is associated with gallstones because there were very few studies investigating the mechanism underlying the impact of celiac disease on the pathogenesis of gallstones...
February 10, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
keyword
keyword
2558
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"