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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429376/daily-crying-prevalence-and-associated-factors-in-older-adult-persons-living-in-nursing-homes-findings-from-a-regional-study
#1
Alvisa Palese, Arianna Simeoni, Antonio Ranieri Zuttion, Barbara Ferrario, Sandra Ponta, Elisa Ambrosi
OBJECTIVES: The study aims to evaluate the prevalence of nursing home (NH) resident crying and associated factors at the individual and NH levels. DESIGN: A regional retrospective study design has been used. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: A total of 8875 residents, living in 105 NHs, were included. MEASUREMENTS: The occurrence of an episode of crying on at least a daily basis in the last month was the dependent variable; independent variables were set at individual and at the NH levels as reported in the Val...
April 21, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428561/a-general-framework-for-predicting-delayed-responses-of-ecological-communities-to-habitat-loss
#2
Youhua Chen, Tsung-Jen Shen
Although biodiversity crisis at different spatial scales has been well recognised, the phenomena of extinction debt and immigration credit at a crossing-scale context are, at best, unclear. Based on two community patterns, regional species abundance distribution (SAD) and spatial abundance distribution (SAAD), Kitzes and Harte (2015) presented a macroecological framework for predicting post-disturbance delayed extinction patterns in the entire ecological community. In this study, we further expand this basic framework to predict diverse time-lagged effects of habitat destruction on local communities...
April 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426173/spinal-arachnoid-diverticula-outcome-in-96-dogs-medically-or-surgical-treated-dogs
#3
D A Mauler, S De Decker, L De Risio, H A Volk, R Dennis, I Gielen, E Van der Vekens, K Goethals, L Van Ham
BACKGROUND: Little is reported about the role of medical management in the treatment of spinal arachnoid diverticula (SAD) in dogs. OBJECTIVES: To describe the outcome of 96 dogs treated medically or surgically for SAD. ANIMALS: Ninety-six dogs with SAD. METHODS: Retrospective case series. Medical records were searched for spinal arachnoid diverticula and all dogs with information on treatment were included. Outcome was assessed with a standardized questionnaire...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424901/driving-with-a-neurodegenerative-disorder-an-overview-of-the-current-literature
#4
REVIEW
Milou Jacobs, Ellen P Hart, Raymund A C Roos
Driving is important for employment, social activities, and for the feeling of independence. The decision to cease driving affects the quality of life and has been associated with reduced mobility, social isolation, and sadness. Patients with neurodegenerative disorders can experience difficulties while driving due to their cognitive, motor, and behavioral impairments. The aim of this review is to summarize the available literature on changes in driving competence and behavior in patients with neurodegenerative disorders, with a particular focus on Huntington's (HD), Parkinson's (PD), and Alzheimer's disease (AD)...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424639/inconsistent-effect-of-arousal-on-early-auditory-perception
#5
Anna C Bolders, Guido P H Band, Pieter Jan M Stallen
Mood has been shown to influence cognitive performance. However, little is known about the influence of mood on sensory processing, specifically in the auditory domain. With the current study, we sought to investigate how auditory processing of neutral sounds is affected by the mood state of the listener. This was tested in two experiments by measuring masked-auditory detection thresholds before and after a standard mood-induction procedure. In the first experiment (N = 76), mood was induced by imagining a mood-appropriate event combined with listening to mood inducing music...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424396/-the-center-of-sadness-pain-and-recognition
#6
Richi Niida, Masaru Mimura
The posterior cingulate cortex (Brodmann area, BA 23) is the hub of the default mode network (DMN). Moreover, its network connectivity decreases early in Alzheimer disease. The anterior cingulate cortex (BA 24) is connected to networks such as the DMN, working memory network (WMN), and salience network (SN) and plays a role in network coordination. The subgenual anterior cingulate cortex (sgACC) on the rostral region of the anterior cingulated cortex is suggested to be associated with depression.
April 2017: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422592/role-of-colors-in-pediatric-dental-practices
#7
Ketan Bubna, Sapna Hegde, Dinesh Rao
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the association between colors and emotions in a pediatric dental population. STUDY DESIGN: In this randomized cross-sectional study, 100 children aged 6-12 years were categorized as non-anxious and anxious using Corah's Dental Anxiety Scale-Revised. They were then instructed to color two cartoon faces, one depicting happiness emotion and the other, sadness, with any of six colors provided. Data obtained were statistically analyzed...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421208/enhancing-tumor-detection-in-ir-uwb-breast-cancer-system
#8
Sara Fouad, Reda Ghoname, Abd Elmonem Elmahdy, Abd Elhalim Zekry
An ultra-wideband (UWB) microwave system for breast cancer detection is presented. The proposed system includes monocycle pulse generator, antipodal Vivaldi antenna, breast model, and calibration algorithm for tumor detection. Firstly, our pulse generator employs transmission gate in glitch generator to achieve several advantages such as low power consumption and low ringing level. Secondly, the antipodal Vivaldi antenna is designed assuming FR4 dielectric substrate material, and developed antenna element (80 × 80 mm(2)) features a -10 dB return loss and bandwidth ranges from 2...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421014/group-rumination-social-interactions-around-music-in-people-with-depression
#9
Sandra Garrido, Tuomas Eerola, Katrina McFerran
One of the most important roles that music serves in human society is the promotion of social relationships and group cohesion. In general, emotional experiences tend to be amplified in group settings through processes of social feedback. However, previous research has established that listening to sad music can intensify negative emotions in people with tendencies to rumination and depression. This study therefore investigated the phenomenon of ruminating with music, and the question of whether listening to sad music in group settings provides social benefits for emotionally vulnerable listeners, or whether it further exaggerates depressive tendencies...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419957/arsenic-in-groundwater-of-the-kolkata-municipal-corporation-kmc-india-critical-review-and-modes-of-mitigation
#10
Dipankar Chakraborti, Bhaskar Das, Mohammad Mahmudur Rahman, Bishwajit Nayak, Arup Pal, Mrinal K Sengupta, Sad Ahamed, Md Amir Hossain, Uttam K Chowdhury, Bhajan Kumar Biswas, Khitish Chandra Saha, R N Dutta
This study represents the first comprehensive report of groundwater arsenic contamination status in the Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC). During the past 23 years, 4210 groundwater samples were analysed from all 141 wards in the KMC: 14.2% and 5.2% samples had arsenic >10 μg/l and >50 μg/l, respectively, representing 77 and 37 wards. The study shows that the number of arsenic contaminated samples (and wards) in the southern part of the KMC exceeds that of other parts of the city. The daily intake of arsenic from drinking water was estimated as 0...
April 15, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419918/internal-shifting-impairments-in-response-to-emotional-information-in-dysphoric-adolescents
#11
Laura Wante, Sven C Mueller, Ineke Demeyer, Tiffany Naets, Caroline Braet
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have suggested that internal cognitive control impairments may play an important role in the development of depression. Despite a growing body of research in adults, the ability to shift internal attention between mental representations in working memory has received little attention in younger populations. This study investigated internal shifting capacity between emotional and non-emotional information in dysphoric and non-dysphoric adolescents...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418324/prosody-perception-and-production-in-children-with-hearing-loss-and-age-and-gender-matched-controls
#12
Rose Thomas Kalathottukaren, Suzanne C Purdy, Elaine Ballard
BACKGROUND: Auditory development in children with hearing loss, including the perception of prosody, depends on having adequate input from cochlear implants and/or hearing aids. Lack of adequate auditory stimulation can lead to delayed speech and language development. Nevertheless, prosody perception and production in people with hearing loss have received less attention than other aspects of language. The perception of auditory information conveyed through prosody using variations in the pitch, amplitude, and duration of speech is not usually evaluated clinically...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417692/autobiographical-remembering-regulates-emotions-a-functional-perspective
#13
Sezin Öner, Sami Gülgöz
Emotional deviation has been considered an essential factor in emotion regulation, in that, attempts to compensate for the deviation is reflected on cognitive processes. In the present study, we focused on autobiographical remembering and tested the functional role of memory on emotion regulation. We specifically examined the congruence effect in individuals' subsequent memory reports after recalling emotional events. Individuals were randomly assigned to three groups to report either sadness or anger evoking events or emotionally unspecified events that they experienced in the last five years...
April 18, 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417269/anxiety-disorders-and-temperament-an-update-review
#14
REVIEW
Olli Kampman, Merja Viikki, Esa Leinonen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review focused on associations between temperament dimensions and clinical features in different anxiety disorders, likewise in obsessive-compulsive disorder in clinical samples of adults. A literature search was conducted in the Medline and PsycINFO databases covering the years 2010-2016. A systematic review and grading of the level of evidence for an association between temperament dimension scores and clinical features in each disorder were performed. RECENT FINDINGS: Twenty papers reporting 18 different studies were included...
May 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415957/-so-happy-i-could-shout-and-so-happy-i-could-cry-dimorphous-expressions-represent-and-communicate-motivational-aspects-of-positive-emotions
#15
Oriana R Aragón, John A Bargh
Happiness can be expressed through smiles. Happiness can also be expressed through physical displays that without context, would appear to be sadness (tears, downward turned mouths, and crumpled body postures) and anger (clenched jaws, snarled lips, furrowed brows, and pumped fists). These seemingly incongruent displays of happiness, termed dimorphous expressions, we propose, represent and communicate expressers' motivational orientations. When participants reported their own aggressive expressions in positive or negative contexts, their expressions represented positive or negative emotional experiences respectively, imbued with appetitive orientations (feelings of wanting to go)...
April 17, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413935/predictive-validity-of-the-k-sads-pl-2009-version-in-school-aged-and-adolescent-outpatients
#16
Håkan Jarbin, Markus Andersson, Maria Råstam, Tord Ivarsson
BACKGROUND: The schedule for affective disorders and schizophrenia for school-age children (K-SADS) is one of the most commonly used standardized diagnostic interviews in child and adolescent psychiatry. Validity studies are scarce, and limited to concurrent validity with other measures and clinical diagnoses. AIMS: To evaluate the K-SADS interview in an outpatient child and adolescent psychiatry (CAP) setting with a Longitudinal Expert All Data (LEAD) procedure...
May 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403623/lithium-a-classic-drug-frequently-discussed-but-sadly-seldom-prescribed
#17
Olga Zivanovic
OBJECTIVE: Distinguished authors in the field have repeatedly alerted psychiatrists of the alarming trends in the treatment of bipolar disorders: decline of lithium use, paralleled by the increase of prescribing anticonvulsants and second-generation antipsychotic drugs. Research has been conducted in order to explore the factors that led to this development and to provide arguments for the need to reverse this trend. METHOD: This paper represents a narrative review of the literature containing retrieved research articles focusing on the efficacy of lithium...
April 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403310/the-elderly-recognizing-themselves-as-vulnerable-to-falls-in-the-concreteness-of-the-femoral-fracture
#18
César Junior Aparecido de Carvalho, Silvia Cristina Mangini Bocchi
OBJECTIVES: understand the experience of the elderly with falls followed by femoral fracture and elaborate theoretical model of this process of lived experience. METHOD: qualitative research with theoretical saturation through analysis of the ninth nondirected interview of elderly who underwent such experience. Interviews were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed according to Grounded Theory. RESULTS: three categories emerged (sub-processes): evaluating signs and symptoms of fracture after the fall; feeling sad and insecure with the new condition; and finding oneself susceptible to fractures...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398819/distinguishing-bipolar-depression-from-unipolar-depression-in-youth-preliminary-findings
#19
Rasim Somer Diler, Tina R Goldstein, Danella Hafeman, John Merranko, Fangzi Liao, Benjamin I Goldstein, Heather Hower, Mary Kay Gill, Jeffrey Hunt, Shirley Yen, Martin B Keller, David Axelson, Michael Strober, Satish Iyengar, Neal D Ryan, Boris Birmaher
OBJECTIVES: To identify mood symptoms that distinguishes bipolar disorder (BP) depression versus unipolar depression in youth during an acute depressive episode. METHODS: Youth with BP (N = 30) were compared with youth with unipolar depression (N = 59) during an acute depressive episode using the depression and mania items derived from the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for Children (K-SADS)-Present Version. The results were adjusted for multiple comparisons, and any significant between-group differences in demographic, nonmood comorbid disorders, and psychiatric family history...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398578/social-anxiety-disorder-exhibit-impaired-networks-involved-in-self-and-theory-of-mind-processing
#20
Qian Cui, Eric J Vanman, Zhiliang Long, Yajing Pang, Yuyan Chen, Yifeng Wang, Qiyong Gong, Wei Zhang, Heng Chen, Xujun Duan, Huafu Chen
Most previous studies regarding social anxiety disorder (SAD) have focused on the role of emotional dysfunction, while impairments in self- and theory of mind (ToM)-processing have been relatively neglected. The present study utilised functional connectivity density (FCD), resting-state functional connectivity (RSFC), and discriminant analyses to investigate impairments in self- and ToM-related networks in patients with SAD. Patients with SAD exhibited decreased long-range FCD in the right rostral anterior cingulate cortex (rACC) and decreased short-range FCD in the right superior temporal gyrus (STG)-key nodes involved in self- and ToM-processing, respectively...
April 7, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
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