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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914318/older-adults-attentional-deployment-differential-gaze-patterns-for-different-negative-mood-states
#1
Ineke Demeyer, Alvaro Sanchez, Rudi De Raedt
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Older adults are characterized by an attentional preference for positive over negative information. Since this positivity effect is considered to be an emotion regulation strategy, it should be more pronounced when emotion regulation is needed. In contrast to previous studies that focused on the effects of sad mood on attention, we used a stressor to activate emotion regulation and evaluate the effects of different types of mood state changes. Moreover, we evaluated mood effects on attentional processes using a paradigm that allows disentangling between different attentional engagement and disengagement processes...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912859/alienation-and-alterity-age-in-the-existentialist-discourse-on-others
#2
Harm-Peer Zimmermann
Aging Studies and Postcolonial Studies belong together in a rather fundamental way, given that they share profound theoretical roots and far-reaching critical perspectives. These derive not only from the more recent poststructuralist discourse on others but also, further back, from the existentialist discourse on others - particularly in issues relating to "The Look" as elaborated by Jean-Paul Sartre in his major philosophical treatise Being and Nothingness and in his reflections on racism, colonialism and humanism...
December 2016: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911349/quantification-of-vascular-function-changes-under-different-emotion-states-a-pilot-study
#3
Yirong Xia, Licai Yang, Xueqin Mao, Dingchang Zheng, Chengyu Liu
Recent studies have indicated that physiological parameters change with different emotion states. This study aimed to quantify the changes of vascular function at different emotion and sub-emotion states. Twenty young subjects were studied with their finger photoplethysmographic (PPG) pulses recorded at three distinct emotion states: natural (1 minute), happiness and sadness (10 minutes for each). Within the period of happiness and sadness emotion states, two sub-emotion states (calmness and outburst) were identified with the synchronously recorded videos...
November 25, 2016: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909930/relationship-between-religious-belief-and-happiness-a-systematic-literature-review
#4
Mohd Ahsan Kabir Rizvi, Mohammad Zakir Hossain
Happiness is a feeling that is desired by every human being. To achieve happiness, human try various routes like, to gain financial superiority, fame, entertainment, assets and so on. But on the contrary, religiosity is claimed to be a technique to attain purpose in life, mental health, physical well-being and internal peace, which ultimately leads to happiness in life. This study analyses the studies conducted in last two decades toward understanding the relationship between religiousness and happiness. These studies have been organised in terms of the religions, geographic locations, scales and significance...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909571/affordable-art-in-kenya-the-only-hope-for-involuntary-childlessness
#5
S W Ndegwa
The reported overall subfertility rate in Kenia is 26.1% with 50% attributed to tubal factors and 15% due to male factors. This is probably an underestimation taking into consideration that due to the stigma and myths of the disease, many couples are seeking alternative care from religious sects, witchdoctors, herbalists. Because the costs associated with IVF in private centres are only affordable for the happy few, the only true hope for most Kenyans struggling with unintended childlessness lies in the introduction of affordable ART services...
June 27, 2016: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907238/an-assessment-of-how-facial-mimicry-can-change-facial-morphology-implications-for-identification
#6
Daniele Gibelli, Danilo De Angelis, Pasquale Poppa, Chiarella Sforza, Cristina Cattaneo
The assessment of facial mimicry is important in forensic anthropology; in addition, the application of modern 3D image acquisition systems may help for the analysis of facial surfaces. This study aimed at exposing a novel method for comparing 3D profiles in different facial expressions. Ten male adults, aged between 30 and 40 years, underwent acquisitions by stereophotogrammetry (VECTRA-3D(®) ) with different expressions (neutral, happy, sad, angry, surprised). The acquisition of each individual was then superimposed on the neutral one according to nine landmarks, and the root mean square (RMS) value between the two expressions was calculated...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907020/comparing-facebook-users-and-facebook-non-users-relationship-between-personality-traits-and-mental-health-variables-an-exploratory-study
#7
Julia Brailovskaia, Jürgen Margraf
Over one billion people use Facebook as a platform for social interaction and self-presentation making it one of the most popular online sites. The aim of the present study was to investigate differences in various personality traits and mental health variables between Facebook users and people who do not use this platform. The data of 945 participants (790 Facebook users, 155 Facebook non-users) were collected. Results indicate that Facebook users score significantly higher on narcissism, self-esteem and extraversion than Facebook non-users...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907019/the-effects-of-transdermally-delivered-oleanolic-acid-on-malaria-parasites-and-blood-glucose-homeostasis-in-p-berghei-infected-male-sprague-dawley-rats
#8
Happiness P Sibiya, Musa V Mabandla, Cephas T Musabayane
The present study investigated the effects of transdermally delivered oleanolic acid (OA) monotherapy and in combination with chloroquine (CHQ) on malaria parasites and glucose homeostasis of P. berghei-infected male Sprague-Dawley rats. Oral glucose test (OGT) responses to OA-pectin patch and CHQ-OA combination matrix patch were monitored in non-infected and infected rats. To evaluate the short-term effects of treatment, percentage parasitaemia, blood glucose, glycogen and plasma insulin were monitored in separate groups of animals treated with either OA-patch monotherapy or CHQ-OA combination pectin patch over a 21-days period...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904640/effect-of-happiness-educational-program-on-the-level-of-stress-anxiety-and-depression-of-the-cancer-patients-nurses
#9
Zahra Ghazavi, Zahra Mardany, Saeid Pahlavanzadeh
BACKGROUND: Nurses face a great amount of stress that can threaten their health and reduce their motivation. Nurses' present working conditions lead to an increase in emotional pressures and depression. Conducting a study on this seems to be necessary, with regard to nurses' stressful working conditions, in order to take steps toward achieving different and non-meditational treatments to treat their stress, anxiety, and depression and, consequently, promote nurses' and patients' health...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903922/facilitating-effects-of-emotion-on-the-perception-of-biological-motion-evidence-for-a-happiness-superiority-effect
#10
Hannah Lee, Jejoong Kim
It has been reported that visual perception can be influenced not only by the physical features of a stimulus but also by the emotional valence of the stimulus, even without explicit emotion recognition. Some previous studies reported an anger superiority effect while others found a happiness superiority effect during visual perception. It thus remains unclear as to which emotion is more influential. In the present study, we conducted two experiments using biological motion (BM) stimuli to examine whether emotional valence of the stimuli would affect BM perception; and if so, whether a specific type of emotion is associated with a superiority effect...
November 29, 2016: Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902832/association-of-irritability-and-anxiety-with-the-neural-mechanisms-of-implicit-face-emotion-processing-in-youths-with-psychopathology
#11
Joel Stoddard, Wan-Ling Tseng, Pilyoung Kim, Gang Chen, Jennifer Yi, Laura Donahue, Melissa A Brotman, Kenneth E Towbin, Daniel S Pine, Ellen Leibenluft
Importance: Psychiatric comorbidity complicates clinical care and confounds efforts to elucidate the pathophysiology of commonly occurring symptoms in youths. To our knowledge, few studies have simultaneously assessed the effect of 2 continuously distributed traits on brain-behavior relationships in children with psychopathology. Objective: To determine shared and unique effects of 2 major dimensions of child psychopathology, irritability and anxiety, on neural responses to facial emotions during functional magnetic resonance imaging...
November 30, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901215/a-systematic-review-of-the-neural-correlates-of-positive-emotions
#12
Leonardo Machado, Amaury Cantilino
Objective: To conduct a systematic literature review of human studies reporting neural correlates of positive emotions. Methods: The PubMed and Web of Science databases were searched in January 2016 for scientific papers written in English. No restrictions were placed on year of publication. Results: Twenty-two articles were identified and 12 met the established criteria. Five had been published during the last 4 years. Formation and regulation of positive emotions, including happiness, are associated with significant reductions in activity in the right prefrontal cortex and bilaterally in the temporoparietal cortex, as well as with increased activity in the left prefrontal regions...
November 24, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901211/how-to-tell-a-happy-from-an-unhappy-schizotype-personality-factors-and-mental-health-outcomes-in-individuals-with-psychotic-experiences
#13
Letícia O Alminhana, Miguel Farias, Gordon Claridge, Claude R Cloninger, Alexander Moreira-Almeida
Objective: It is unclear why some individuals reporting psychotic experiences have balanced lives while others go on to develop mental health problems. The objective of this study was to test if the personality traits of harm avoidance, self-directedness, and self-transcendence can be used as criteria to differentiate healthy from unhealthy schizotypal individuals. Methods: We interviewed 115 participants who reported a high frequency of psychotic experiences. The instruments used were the Temperament and Character Inventory (140), Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV, and the Oxford-Liverpool Inventory of Feelings and Experiences...
November 24, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900467/what-makes-a-smiling-face-look-happy-visual-saliency-distinctiveness-and-affect
#14
Manuel G Calvo, Aida Gutiérrez-García, Mario Del Líbano
We investigated the relative contribution of (a) perceptual (eyes and mouth visual saliency), (b) conceptual or categorical (eye expression distinctiveness), and (c) affective (rated valence and arousal) factors, and (d) specific morphological facial features (Action Units; AUs), to the recognition of facial happiness. The face stimuli conveyed truly happy expressions with a smiling mouth and happy eyes, or blended expressions with a smile but non-happy eyes (neutral, sad, fearful, disgusted, surprised, or angry)...
November 29, 2016: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899707/the-influence-of-presentation-modality-on-the-social-comprehension-of-naturalistic-scenes-in-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
Haley M Gedek, Peter C Pantelis, Daniel P Kennedy
The comprehension of dynamically unfolding social situations is made possible by the seamless integration of multimodal information merged with rich intuitions about the thoughts and behaviors of others. We examined how high-functioning adults with autism spectrum disorder and neurotypical controls made a complex social judgment (i.e. rating the social awkwardness of scenes from a television sitcom) across three conditions that manipulated presentation modality-visual alone, transcribed text alone, or visual and auditory together...
November 29, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899340/ecological-momentary-assessment-of-adolescent-problems-coping-efficacy-and-mood-states-using-a-mobile-phone-app-an-exploratory-study
#16
Rachel Kenny, Barbara Dooley, Amanda Fitzgerald
BACKGROUND: Mobile technologies have the potential to be used as innovative tools for conducting research on the mental health and well-being of young people. In particular, they have utility for carrying out ecological momentary assessment (EMA) research by capturing data from participants in real time as they go about their daily lives. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the utility of a mobile phone app as a means of collecting EMA data pertaining to mood, problems, and coping efficacy in a school-based sample of Irish young people...
November 29, 2016: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899310/electrophysiological-evidence-for-attentional-capture-by-irrelevant-angry-facial-expressions-naturalistic-faces
#17
Nicolas Burra, Sélim Yahia Coll, Caroline Barras, Dirk Kerzel
Recently, research on lateralized event related potentials (ERPs) in response to irrelevant distractors has revealed that angry but not happy schematic distractors capture spatial attention. Whether this effect occurs in the context of the natural expression of emotions is unknown. To fill this gap, observers were asked to judge the gender of a natural face surrounded by a singleton color among five other face identities. In contrast to previous studies, the similarity between the task-relevant feature (color) and the distractor features was low...
November 26, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899059/lessons-learned-from-trait-self-control-in-wellbeing-making-the-case-for-routines-and-initiation-as-important-components-of-trait-self-control
#18
Denise De Ridder, Marleen Gillebaart
It seems common knowledge that trait self-control helps people to achieve the things they find important in their lives by not being distracted by immediate pleasures and temptations. Initial evidence suggests that trait self-control is important in wellbeing as well, with people high in self-control experiencing more positive momentary affect, life satisfaction, and happiness. Whereas it is not so difficult to imagine why effortful inhibition of impulses would benefit continued striving for long-term personal goals, it is more challenging to understand why self-control would make people happier and more satisfied with their lives...
November 29, 2016: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896197/a-refined-technique-for-management-of-nasal-flaring-the-quest-for-the-holy-grail-of-alar-base-modification
#19
Kapil S Agrawal, Mansi Pabari, Raghav Shrotriya
"A smile is happiness you'll find right under your nose"- Tom Wilson. This quote holds true just for patients, not for surgeons. The correction of the nose always poses a challenge to the cosmetic surgeon. Deformities of the external and internal nose may be congenital or acquired and may be secondary to soft tissue and/or osseo-cartilaginous abnormalities, leading to aesthetic and/or functional consequences. Alar flare poses a common problem, sometimes alone and sometimes in conjunction with other external deformities...
November 2016: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895606/being-in-a-romantic-relationship-is-associated-with-reduced-gray-matter-density-in-striatum-and-increased-subjective-happiness
#20
Hiroaki Kawamichi, Sho K Sugawara, Yuki H Hamano, Kai Makita, Masahiro Matsunaga, Hiroki C Tanabe, Yuichi Ogino, Shigeru Saito, Norihiro Sadato
Romantic relationship, a widespread feature of human society, is one of the most influential factors in daily life. Although stimuli related to romantic love or being in a romantic relationship commonly result in enhancement of activation or functional connectivity of the reward system, including the striatum, the structure underlying romantic relationship-related regions remain unclear. Because individual experiences can alter gray matter within the adult human brain, we hypothesized that romantic relationship is associated with structural differences in the striatum related to the positive subjective experience of being in a romantic relationship...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
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