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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334433/happy-birthday-karel
#1
EDITORIAL
Tomáš Etrych, Petr Chytil, Michal Pechar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Macromolecular Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333320/our-recap-for-happy-new-year
#2
EDITORIAL
Tae-Il Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331850/attentional-biases-in-patients-suffering-from-unipolar-depression-results-of-a-dot-probe-task-investigation
#3
Wolfgang Trapp, Christoph Kalzendorf, Corinna Baum, Göran Hajak, Stefan Lautenbacher
Cognitive models of depression emphasize the relevance of cognitive biases for development, onset and maintenance of major depressive disorder (MDD). Attentional biases consisting of increased attention to negative, mood congruent stimuli and reduced attention to positive, mood-incongruent stimuli are postulated but have rarely been tested for early attentional processing. Furthermore, the role of concurrent depressive mood as a moderating factor has not been studied to date. Participants comprised 30 patients suffering from MDD and 30 healthy control subjects...
January 4, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331453/are-privacy-enhancing-technologies-for-genomic-data-ready-for-the-clinic-a-survey-of-medical-experts-of-the-swiss-hiv-cohort-study
#4
Jean-Louis Raisaro, Paul J McLaren, Jacques Fellay, Matthias Cavassini, Catherine Klersy, Jean-Pierre Hubaux
PURPOSE: Protecting patient privacy is a major obstacle for the implementation of genomic-based medicine. Emerging privacy-enhancing technologies can become key enablers for managing sensitive genetic data. We studied physicians' attitude toward this kind of technology in order to derive insights that might foster their future adoption for clinical care. METHODS: We conducted a questionnaire-based survey among 55 physicians of the Swiss HIV Cohort Study who tested the first implementation of a privacy-preserving model for delivering genomic test results...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329465/a-big-thank-you-to-our-reviewers-in-the-past-year
#5
(no author information available yet)
Good reviewers are essential to the success of any journal and peer review is a major pillar of science. We are grateful to those mentioned below to have dedicated their time and expertise to help our authors improve and refine their manuscripts and support the Editors in the decision making process in the past year.The following received out Top Reviewer of the Year award: · Holger S. Willenberg. · Celso E. Gomez-Sanchez. · Margret Ehlers. We wish all our readers, reviewers, authors and friends a happy and prosperous 2018!Matthias Schott, MD, PhD Stefan R...
January 2018: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327312/examining-the-prospective-relationship-between-pre-disaster-respiratory-sinus-arrhythmia-and-post-disaster-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-in-children
#6
Amy J Mikolajewski, Michael S Scheeringa
Previous studies have examined the concurrent relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and a range of psychophysiological variables, including respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA). However, there is a lack of research examining the prospective development of trauma symptomatology, and the directionality of the association between RSA level and PTSD has yet to be determined. The current study is the first prospective study to examine whether RSA level and RSA reactivity are risk factors for PTSD symptoms in children...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326461/healthy-habits-for-happiness
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326415/factors-affecting-early-school-age-children-s-subjective-happiness-using-the-actor-partner-interdependence-model-of-parental-variables
#8
Kinoh Kang, Jungho Kim, Jungmin Kim, Hyoeun Jeong, Jeongwon Han
PURPOSE: The present study is a descriptive cross-sectional study of cause-and-effect relationship, which used the 7(th) year data of the Panel Study on Korean Children, to investigate the effects of parenting stress, depression, and family interactions of the parents of early school-age children on children's subjective happiness. METHODS: The present study included data of 1419 pairs of parents who participated in the mother and father survey of the Panel Study on Korean Children...
December 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326179/mixed-methods-evaluation-of-a-novel-online-sti-results-service
#9
Jo Gibbs, Catherine R H Aicken, Lorna J Sutcliffe, Voula Gkatzidou, Laura J Tickle, Kate Hone, S Tariq Sadiq, Pam Sonnenberg, Claudia S Estcourt
OBJECTIVES: Evidence on optimal methods for providing STI test results is lacking. We evaluated an online results service, developed as part of an eSexual Health Clinic (eSHC). METHODS: We evaluated the online results service using a mixed-methods approach within large exploratory studies of the eSHC. Participants were chlamydia- positive and negative users of online postal self-sampling services in six National Chlamydia Screening Programme (NCSP) areas and chlamydia-positive patients from two genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinics between 21 July 2014 and 13 March 2015...
January 11, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324826/facial-responsiveness-of-psychopaths-to-the-emotional-expressions-of-others
#10
Janina Künecke, Andreas Mokros, Sally Olderbak, Oliver Wilhelm
Psychopathic individuals show selfish, manipulative, and antisocial behavior in addition to emotional detachment and reduced empathy. Their empathic deficits are thought to be associated with a reduced responsiveness to emotional stimuli. Immediate facial muscle responses to the emotional expressions of others reflect the expressive part of emotional responsiveness and are positively related to trait empathy. Empirical evidence for reduced facial muscle responses in adult psychopathic individuals to the emotional expressions of others is rare...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321649/face-size-biases-emotion-judgment-through-eye-movement
#11
Shuo Wang
Faces are the most commonly used stimuli to study emotions. Researchers often manipulate the emotion contents and facial features to study emotion judgment, but rarely manipulate low-level stimulus features such as face sizes. Here, I investigated whether a mere difference in face size would cause differences in emotion judgment. Subjects discriminated emotions in fear-happy morphed faces. When subjects viewed larger faces, they had an increased judgment of fear and showed a higher specificity in emotion judgment, compared to when they viewed smaller faces...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320930/the-amount-and-source-of-millionaires-wealth-moderately-predict-their-happiness
#12
Grant E Donnelly, Tianyi Zheng, Emily Haisley, Michael I Norton
Two samples of more than 4,000 millionaires reveal two primary findings: First, only at high levels of wealth-in excess of US$8 million (Study 1) and US$10 million (Study 2)-are wealthier millionaires happier than millionaires with lower levels of wealth, though these differences are modest in magnitude. Second, controlling for total wealth, millionaires who have earned their wealth are moderately happier than those who inherited it. Taken together, these results suggest that, among millionaires, wealth may be likely to pay off in greater happiness only at very high levels of wealth, and when that wealth was earned rather than inherited...
January 1, 2018: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320383/the-mask-of-happiness-unmasking-coercive-control-in-intimate-relationships
#13
Nicole Schneider
While most mental health professionals know how to recognize the obvious and most concerning presentations of possible intimate partner violence, there are numerous ways in which a partner may be controlled, bullied, isolated, exploited, and manipulated that do not present such observable signs. The literature pertaining to domestic abuse has increasingly moved away from injury as a necessary marker and instead has begun to highlight the importance of more covert but similarly deleterious processes within certain intimate relationships...
January 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319391/keeping-the-magic-alive-social-sharing-of-positive-life-experiences-sustains-happiness
#14
Arpine Hovasapian, Linda J Levine
Social sharing of positive life experiences has been linked to increased intensity of positive emotion. Less is known about the relations among sharing, the perceived response of the listener, and the duration of positive emotion. We hypothesised that sharing an experience would sustain positive emotion when listeners responded in a manner that highlighted the appraised importance and remarkability of the experience, thereby slowing hedonic adaptation. College students who received a desirable exam grade (N = 165) reported their emotional response, appraisals, and sharing on the day they received their grade and again the following evening...
January 10, 2018: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318618/chinese-adolescents-with-higher-social-dominance-orientation-are-less-prosocial-and-less-happy-a-value-environment-fit-analysis
#15
Ying Yang, Wenqi Li, Kennon M Sheldon, Yu Kou
This study aims to investigate the relationship between social dominance orientation (SDO) and subjective well-being among Chinese adolescents (N = 4246), and to examine the mediating role of prosocial behaviour in this relationship. The structural equation model's results showed that SDO was negatively associated with prosocial behaviour and subjective well-being, that prosocial behaviour was positively associated with subjective well-being, and also that (low) prosocial behaviour partially mediated the negative relationship between SDO and subjective well-being...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317758/speech-prosodies-of-different-emotional-categories-activate-different-brain-regions-in-adult-cortex-an-fnirs-study
#16
Dandan Zhang, Yu Zhou, Jiajin Yuan
Emotional expressions of others embedded in speech prosodies are important for social interactions. This study used functional near-infrared spectroscopy to investigate how speech prosodies of different emotional categories are processed in the cortex. The results demonstrated several cerebral areas critical for emotional prosody processing. We confirmed that the superior temporal cortex, especially the right middle and posterior parts of superior temporal gyrus (BA 22/42), primarily works to discriminate between emotional and neutral prosodies...
January 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316058/patients-preferences-for-coronary-bypass-grafting-or-staged-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-multi-vessel-coronary-artery-disease
#17
Marc-Alexander Ohlow, Ahmed Farah, Thomas Kuntze, Bernward Lauer
BACKGROUND: The decision for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with multi-vessel coronary artery disease (mCAD) is currently made by a heart-team approach. Patients' preference is less well investigated. METHODS: All consecutive patients with prior CABG and at least 2 PCI procedures were interviewed whether they would elect bypass surgery or staged PCI in case of a hypothetical scenario in which they had mCAD and CABG or PCI will equally improve symptoms and survival...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315939/the-quality-of-life-of-children-with-severe-developmental-disabilities
#18
B L Ncube, A Perry, J A Weiss
BACKGROUND: Research examining the quality of life (QoL) of children with severe developmental disabilities (SDD) is limited. The present study examines parent perceptions of child QoL in children with SDD compared with typically developing (TD) children and then examines predictors of QoL for the SDD group. METHOD: Parents of 246 children with SDD (aged 4 to 19 years) and 210 TD children (aged 4 to 18 years) responded to an online survey. QoL was measured using a composite variable composed of the child's happiness, achievement of potential and friendship quality...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313247/emofinder-the-meeting-point-for-spanish-emotional-words
#19
Isabel Fraga, Marc Guasch, Juan Haro, Isabel Padrón, Pilar Ferré
We present here emoFinder ( http://usc.es/pcc/emofinder ), a Web-based search engine for Spanish word properties taken from different normative databases. The tool incorporates several subjective word properties for 16,375 distinct words. Although it focuses particularly on normative ratings for emotional dimensions (e.g., valence and arousal) and discrete emotional categories (fear, disgust, anger, happiness, and sadness), it also makes available ratings for other word properties that are known to affect word processing (e...
January 8, 2018: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311574/lateralized-behavior-and-cardiac-activity-of-dogs-in-response-to-human-emotional-vocalizations
#20
Marcello Siniscalchi, Serenella d'Ingeo, Serena Fornelli, Angelo Quaranta
Over the recent years, the study of emotional functioning has become one of the central issues in dog cognition. Previous studies showed that dogs can recognize different emotions by looking at human faces and can correctly match the human emotional state with a vocalization having a negative emotional valence. However, to this day, little is known about how dogs perceive and process human non-verbal vocalizations having different emotional valence. The current research provides new insights into emotional functioning of the canine brain by studying dogs' lateralized auditory functions (to provide a first insight into the valence dimension) matched with both behavior and physiological measures of arousal (to study the arousal dimension) in response to playbacks related to the Ekman's six basic human emotions...
January 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
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