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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646815/integrative-treatment-of-chronic-abdominal-bloating-and-pain-associated-with-overgrowth-of-small-intestinal-bacteria-a-case-report
#1
Laura Kwiatkowski, Elizabeth Rice, Jeffrey Langland
Context • Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) is commonly defined as an increased number of bacteria and/or an abnormal type of bacteria in the small intestine. Conventional treatment for SIBO is typically focused on antibiotics to eradicate the bacterial overgrowth. Numerous studies have demonstrated the antimicrobial activity of herbs, and a diet low in fermentable oligo-, di-, and monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAPs) has been shown to enhance antibiotic therapy. Objective • The current case study intended to evaluate the benefits of an alternative, multifaceted approach-including botanical and homeopathic therapies in conjunction with a low-FODMAP diet-in the treatment of SIBO and its associated symptoms...
July 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646812/oral-consumption-of-vitamin-k2-for-8-weeks-associated-with-increased-maximal-cardiac-output-during-exercise
#2
Brian K McFarlin, Andrea L Henning, Adam S Venable
Background • Vitamin K1 and K2 are not typically common in a Western diet because they are found in a variety of fermented foods. Vitamin K2 in particular has been demonstrated to restore mitochondrial function and has a key role in production of mitochondrial adenosine triphosphate. Thus, it is reasonable to speculate that dietary supplementation with vitamin K2 could increase the function of muscle with high mitochondrial content (ie, skeletal and cardiac muscle). Objective • The purpose of this study was to determine if 8 wk of dietary supplementation with Vitamin K2 could alter cardiovascular responses to a graded cycle ergometer test...
July 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646807/manual-therapy-with-cryotherapy-versus-manual-therapy-with-kinesio-taping-for-males-with-lumbar-discopathy-a-pilot-randomized-trial
#3
Pawel Lizis, Wojciech Kobza
Context • Numerous modalities of therapeutic interventions exist for lumbar discopathy. Manual therapy is one option, although its effectiveness remains controversial. The addition of cryotherapy to manual therapy may enhance the health benefits in patients with lumbar discopathy.  Objective • The study intended to evaluate the efficacy of manual therapy combined with cryotherapy vs manual therapy combined with Kinesio taping for males with lumbar discopathy. Design • The research team designed a pilot randomized trial with concealed allocation, assessor blinding, and intention-to-treat analysis...
June 23, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646806/potential-of-probiotics-in-hypercholesterolemia-a-review-of-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-findings
#4
Smriti Sharma, Seema Puri, Anura V Kurpad
Context • Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a major public health problem in developing and developed countries. Elevated cholesterol levels, especially low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and the emergence of CHD, have been positively correlated in many clinical and epidemiological studies. The health benefits of probiotics have received a great deal of attention, including their blood cholesterol-lowering effects on humans. Objective • The research team intended to determine the current state of research examining the effects of various probiotic strains on lipid profiles, including measures in serum of total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, triglycerides, and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol...
June 23, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646805/natural-cancer-therapy-and-prevention-targeted-on-cancer-cells-and-cancer-stem-cells-based-on-the-cytochrome-p45o-enzyme-cyp1b1-a-commentary
#5
William R Ware
The importance of the P450 enzyme CYP1B1 in both cancer therapy and prevention are reviewed and evidence is discussed, which provides strong biological plausibility for the therapeutic merits of this approach. The significant resistance to chemotherapy among common cancers, and the realization that in many cases chemotherapy leaves behind drug-resistant cancer cells that eventually cause recurrence and metastatic disease, has recently prompted the search for natural compounds that would circumvent this problem...
June 23, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646804/pilot-investigation-of-2-nondiet-approaches-to-improve-weight-and-health
#6
Kelly H Webber, Laurel Mellin, Lindsey Mayes, Igor Mitrovic, Matt Saulnier
Context • Weight loss and maintenance are associated with many health benefits, but long-term maintenance of weight loss remains elusive for many people. Overweight individuals are at higher risk than normal-weight individuals for stress-induced overeating. The use of stress-management tools in a weight loss program might decrease the physiological stress that fuels overeating and improve posttreatment maintenance of weight loss Objective • The study intended to compare the differences in outcomes between 2 approaches to achieving weight loss and changes in health-stress reduction and intuitive eating (IE)-during a 14-wk period...
June 23, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646801/the-effects-of-exposure-to-low-frequency-electromagnetic-fields-on-male-fertility
#7
Mahsa Darbandi, Sara Darbandi, Ashok Agarwal, Ralf Henkle, Mohammad Reza Sadeghi
Context • People are increasingly exposed to low frequency (LF) electromagnetic fields (EMFs), mainly from electricity distribution networks and electronic devices. Critics of this widespread exposure believe that it can have detrimental effects on the human body. On the other hand, many in vivo and in vitro studies have claimed that low frequency electromagnetic therapy can function as a form of alternative medicine and that therapists can treat disease by applying electromagnetic radiation or pulsed EMFs to the body or cells...
June 23, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646798/social-context-matters-ethnicity-discrimination-and-stress-reactivity
#8
David Busse, Ilona S Yim, Belinda Campos
Exposure to chronic discrimination is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The study of biobehavioral pathways linking discrimination with health outcomes has mostly focused on the cardiovascular system, with fewer studies addressing the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. In this study we tested associations between Latino ethnicity, experiences of discrimination, and cortisol responses to an acute laboratory stressor. One hundred fifty eight individuals (92 female, 66 male) between the ages of 18 and 29 years participated in the study...
May 31, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646793/shexiang-baoxin-pills-promotes-angiogenesis-in-myocardial-infarction-rats-via-up-regulation-of-20-hete-mediated-endothelial-progenitor-cells-mobilization
#9
Feifei Huang, Yang Liu, Xia Yang, Di Che, Kaifeng Qiu, Bruce D Hammock, Jingfeng Wang, Mong-Heng Wang, Jie Chen, Hui Huang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Therapeutic angiogenesis is a pivotal strategy for ischemic heart disease. The aim of the present study was to determine the effect and molecular mechanism of Shexiang Baoxin pills, a widely-used traditional Chinese medicine for ischemic heart disease, on angiogenesis in a rat model of myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: We used the occlusion of left anterior descending coronary artery of Sprague-Dawley rats as a model of MI. The MI rats were treated with distilled water, Shexiang Baoxin pills, or Shexiang Baoxin pills + HET0016 (a selective blocker of the biosynthesis of 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) at 10 mg/kg/day), respectively...
June 7, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646792/bacterial-profile-in-human-atherosclerotic-plaques
#10
Annika Lindskog Jonsson, Frida Fåk Hållenius, Rozita Akrami, Elias Johansson, Per Wester, Conny Arnerlöv, Fredrik Bäckhed, Göran Bergström
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Several studies have confirmed the presence of bacterial DNA in atherosclerotic plaques, but its contribution to plaque stability and vulnerability is unclear. In this study, we investigated whether the bacterial plaque-profile differed between patients that were asymptomatic or symptomatic and whether there were local differences in the microbial composition within the plaque. METHODS: Plaques were removed by endarterectomy from asymptomatic and symptomatic patients and divided into three different regions known to show different histological vulnerability: A, upstream of the maximum stenosis; B, site for maximum stenosis; C, downstream of the maximum stenosis...
June 8, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646790/the-effects-of-individual-biological-rhythm-differences-on-sleep-quality-daytime-sleepiness-and-dissociative-experiences
#11
Yavuz Selvi, Ali Kandeger, Murat Boysan, Nursel Akbaba, Ayca A Sayin, Emine Tekinarslan, Basak O Koc, Omer F Uygur, Vedat Sar
Individuals who differ markedly by sleep chronotype, i.e., morning-type or evening-type also differ on a number of psychological, behavioral, and biological variables. Among several other psychological functions, dissociation may also lead to disruption and alteration of consciousness, which may facilitate dream-like experiences. Our study was aimed at an inquiry into the effects of individual biological rhythm differences on sleep quality and daytime sleepiness in conjunction with dissociative experiences...
June 17, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646786/preliminary-study-of-visual-perspective-in-mental-time-travel-in-schizophrenia
#12
Ya Wang, Yi Wang, Qing Zhao, Ji-Fang Cui, Xiao-Hong Hong, Raymond Ck Chan
This study explored specificity and visual perspective of mental time travel in schizophrenia. Fifteen patients with schizophrenia and 18 controls were recruited. Participants were asked to recall or imagine specific events according to cue words. Results showed that schizophrenia patients generated fewer specific events than controls, the recalled events were more specific than imagined events. Schizophrenia adopted less field perspective and more observer perspective than controls. These results suggested that patients with schizophrenia were impaired in mental time travel both in specificity and visual perspective...
June 17, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646780/sem-eds-and-optical-microscopy-analyses-of-microplastics-in-ocean-trawl-and-fish-guts
#13
Zhong-Min Wang, Jeff Wagner, Sutapa Ghosal, Gagandeep Bedi, Stephen Wall
Microplastic particles from Atlantic and Pacific Ocean trawls, lab-fed fish guts and ocean fish guts have been characterized using optical microscopy and SEM/EDS in terms of size, morphology, and chemistry. We assessed whether these measurements could serve as a rapid screening process for subsequent identification of the likely microplastic candidates by micro-spectroscopy. Optical microscopy enabled morphological classification of the types of particles or fibers present in the sample, as well as the quantification of particle size ranges and fiber lengths...
June 21, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646773/survival-outcomes-of-patients-with-lobular-carcinoma-in-situ-who-underwent-bilateral-mastectomy-or-partial-mastectomy
#14
Ze-Ming Xie, Jian Sun, Zhe-Yu Hu, Yao-Pan Wu, Peng Liu, Jun Tang, Xiang-Sheng Xiao, Wei-Dong Wei, Xi Wang, Xiao-Ming Xie, Ming-Tian Yang
AIM: To compare the survival outcomes between patients treated with bilateral mastectomy and partial mastectomy alone as the initial surgical management for primary lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with histologically confirmed LCIS underwent partial mastectomy alone or bilateral mastectomy were identified by the SEER*Stat database (version 8.3.2) released in 2016. The primary outcome measure was all-cause mortality and the secondary outcome measure was breast cancer-specific mortality...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646772/prevalence-of-immune-related-systemic-adverse-events-in%C3%A2-patients-treated-with-anti-programmed-cell-death-1-anti-programmed-cell-death-ligand-1-agents-a-single-centre-pharmacovigilance-database-analysis
#15
Sébastien Le Burel, Stéphane Champiat, Christine Mateus, Aurélien Marabelle, Jean-Marie Michot, Caroline Robert, Rakiba Belkhir, Jean-Charles Soria, Salim Laghouati, Anne-Laure Voisin, Olivier Fain, Arsène Mékinian, Laetitia Coutte, Tali-Anne Szwebel, Laetitia Dunogeant, Bertrand Lioger, Cécile Luxembourger, Xavier Mariette, Olivier Lambotte
AIM: The growing use of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) is associated with the occurrence of immune-related adverse events (irAEs). Few data are published on systemic, immunohaematological and rheumatic irAEs. In a pharmacovigilance database analysis, we screened for these irAEs and calculated their prevalence. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Participants were recruited via Registre des Effets Indésirables Sévères des Anticorps Monoclonaux Immunomodulateurs en Cancérologie (REISAMIC)(1) a French registry of grade ≥2 irAEs occurring in ICI-treated patients...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646768/source-profiling-of-arsenic-and-heavy-metals-in-the-selangor-river-basin-and-their-maternal-and-cord-blood-levels-in-selangor-state-malaysia
#16
Nobumitsu Sakai, Zohour Alsaad, Nguyen Thi Thuong, Kenji Shiota, Minoru Yoneda, Mustafa Ali Mohd
Arsenic and 5 heavy metals (nickel, copper, zinc, cadmium and lead) were quantitated in surface water (n = 18) and soil/ore samples (n = 45) collected from 5 land uses (oil palm converted from forest, oil palm in peat swamp, bare land, quarry and forest) in the Selangor River basin by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Geographic information system (GIS) was used as a spatial analytical tool to classify 4 land uses (forest, agriculture/peat, urban and bare land) from a satellite image taken by Landsat 8...
June 17, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646752/an-image-processing-methodology-for-extracting-bloodstain-pattern-features
#17
Ravishka M Arthur, Philomena J Humburg, Jerry Hoogenboom, Martin Baiker, Michael C Taylor, Karla G de Bruin
There is a growing trend in forensic science to develop methods to make forensic pattern comparison tasks more objective. This has generally involved the application of suitable image-processing methods to provide numerical data for identification or comparison. This paper outlines a unique image-processing methodology that can be utilised by analysts to generate reliable pattern data that will assist them in forming objective conclusions about a pattern. A range of features were defined and extracted from a laboratory-generated impact spatter pattern...
June 3, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646749/mutually-facilitated-co-transport-of-two-different-viruses-through-reactive-porous-media
#18
Shuang Xu, Ramesh Attinti, Elizabeth Adams, Jie Wei, Kalmia Kniel, Jie Zhuang, Yan Jin
In this study, we quantified transport and retention behaviors of a human pathogenic virus (Adenovirus 41, abbreviated as Ad-41) and a model bacteriophage (ϕX174) through metal oxide-removed and goethite-coated sand under saturated flow conditions. Two sets of bench scale column experiments were conducted: transport of each type of viruses alone and co-transport of both viruses. All experiments were conducted at pH 7.5 using 2 mM artificial ground water (AGW) buffer as background solution. Experimental results revealed that goethite-coated sand (i...
June 18, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646744/systematic-biobanking-novel-imaging-techniques-and-advanced-molecular-analysis-for-precise-tumor-diagnosis-and-therapy-the-polish-mobit-project
#19
Jacek Niklinski, Adam Kretowski, Marcin Moniuszko, Joanna Reszec, Anna Michalska-Falkowska, Magdalena Niemira, Michal Ciborowski, Radoslaw Charkiewicz, Dorota Jurgilewicz, Miroslaw Kozlowski, Rodryg Ramlau, Cezary Piwkowski, Miroslaw Kwasniewski, Monika Kaczmarek, Andrzej Ciereszko, Tomasz Wasniewski, Robert Mroz, Wojciech Naumnik, Ewa Sierko, Magdalena Paczkowska, Joanna Kisluk, Anetta Sulewska, Adam Cybulski, Zenon Mariak, Boguslaw Kedra, Jacek Szamatowicz, Paweł Kurzawa, Lukasz Minarowski, Angelika Edyta Charkiewicz, Barbara Mroczko, Jolanta Malyszko, Christian Manegold, Lothar Pilz, Heike Allgayer, Mohammed L Abba, Hartmut Juhl, Frauke Koch
Personalized and precision medicine is gaining recognition due to the limitations by standard diagnosis and treatment; many areas of medicine, from cancer to psychiatry, are moving towards tailored and individualized treatment for patients based on their clinical characteristics and genetic signatures as well as novel imaging techniques. Advances in whole genome sequencing have led to identification of genes involved in a variety of diseases. Moreover, biomarkers indicating severity of disease or susceptibility to treatment are increasingly being characterized...
June 21, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646742/image-analysis-for-tsh-mrna-in-situ-hybridization-in-pituitary-glands-from-rats-with-thyroid-follicular-cell-hypertrophy-after-treatment-with-three-different-test-compounds
#20
Juergen Funk, Martin Ebeling, Thomas Singer, Christian Landes
The goal of this in situ hybridization and image analysis technique is to study the effects of new pharmacological/chemical entities on the thyroid and pituitary gland in rats, reveal the pathogenesis of thyroid follicular cell hypertrophy and to retrospectively exclude the risk of thyroid tumor development in humans. In the present study, we describe the increase of thyroid-stimulating hormone- (TSH-) beta subunit mRNA in the pars distalis of the pituitary gland and the quantitative measurement of TSH mRNA positive cells from rats of three 4-week toxicity studies treated with three different test compounds inducing thyroid follicular cell and hepatocellular hypertrophy in rats...
June 11, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
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