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Repeated IVF failure

Hossein Yazdekhasti, Zahra Rajabi, Soraya Parvari, Mehdi Abbasi
Although existence of ovarian stem cells (OSCs) in mammalian postnatal ovary is still under controversy, however, it has been almost accepted that OSCs are contributing actively to folliculogenesis and neo-oogenesis. Recently, various methods with different efficacies have been employed for OSCs isolation from ovarian tissue, which these methods could be chosen depends on aim of isolation and accessible equipments and materials in lab. Although isolated OSCs from different methods have various traits and characterizations, which might become from their different nature and origin, however these stem cells are promising source for woman infertility treatment or source of energy for women with a history of repeat IVF failure in near future...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Ovarian Research
I G Shestakova, V E Radzinsky, M B Khamoshina
Premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) is a life-changing diagnosis, with profound physical and psychological consequences. Despite the description of different genetic, immune and iatrogenic factors of POI, the etiology of most cases of this disease are unexplained, and optimal management strategies are still unclear. Recent data showed that POI may have a long period of oligomenorrhea before the fully developed form (complete ovarian failure stage), with the occurrence of amenorrhea and climacteric symptoms...
October 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
J M Puente, A Fabris, J Patel, A Patel, M Cerrillo, A Requena, J A Garcia-Velasco
BACKGROUND: Adenomyosis is linked to infertility, but the mechanisms behind this relationship are not clearly established. Similarly, the impact of adenomyosis on ART outcome is not fully understood. Our main objective was to use ultrasound imaging to investigate adenomyosis prevalence and severity in a population of infertile women, as well as specifically among women experiencing recurrent miscarriages (RM) or repeated implantation failure (RIF) in ART. METHODS: Cross-sectional study conducted in 1015 patients undergoing ART from January 2009 to December 2013 and referred for 3D ultrasound to complete study prior to initiating an ART cycle, or after ≥3 IVF failures or ≥2 miscarriages at diagnostic imaging unit at university-affiliated private IVF unit...
2016: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
M Lambert, C Hocké, C Jimenez, S Frantz, A Papaxanthos, H Creux
OBJECTIVES: Investigate the proportion of abnormalities identified on the diagnostic assessment performed after at least two previous failed IVF attempts. Discuss the real benefit of this evaluation. METHODS: Retrospective descriptive study. Between January 2008 and January 2012, 205 couples with at least two consecutive failed IVF attempts had a diagnosis evaluation which consisted in couple's karyotypes; autoimmune and haemostasis biological check-up, pelvic ultrasound-Doppler and hysteroscopy for women...
September 14, 2016: Gynécologie, Obstétrique & Fertilité
Sarah A Robertson, Min Jin, Danqing Yu, Lachlan M Moldenhauer, Michael J Davies, M Louise Hull, Robert J Norman
There is ongoing interest in immune-suppressant corticosteroid drugs such as prednisolone to treat infertility in women with repeated IVF failure and recurrent miscarriage. The rationale draws on the pervasive but flawed view that immune activation is inconsistent with normal pregnancy. This ignores clear evidence that controlled inflammation and activation of the immune response is essential for embryo implantation. Generally, the immune response actively promotes reproductive success - by facilitating endometrial receptivity and tolerance of the foreign embryo, and promoting vascular adaptation to support placental morphogenesis...
October 2016: Human Reproduction
Nan Yu, Bo Zhang, Mei Xu, Sheng Wang, Rong Liu, Jianli Wu, Jing Yang, Ling Feng
PROBLEM: Intrauterine administration of autologous peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) activated by HCG in vitro was reported to improve implantation rates in patients with repeated failure of IVF-ET (in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer). In this article, the value of intrauterine administration of PBMCs before embryo transfer and its optimal cell culture method will be investigated. METHOD OF STUDY: Patients who had not experienced successful pregnancy despite three or more IVF-ET sessions were enrolled in this study (n=240, 240 cycles)...
September 2016: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
David Soriano, Iris Adler, Jerome Bouaziz, Matti Zolti, Vered H Eisenberg, Mordechai Goldenberg, Daniel S Seidman, Shai E Elizur
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate fertility outcomes in infertile women with severe endometriosis (The revised American Fertility Society classification [AFS] 3-4) and repeated IVF failures, who underwent surgery due to exacerbation of endometriosis-related symptoms. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): All women who failed IVF treatment before surgery and who underwent laparoscopic surgery for severe endometriosis between January 2006 and December 2014...
June 22, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Maryam Eftekhar, Robabe Hosseinisadat, Ramesh Baradaran, Elham Naghshineh
BACKGROUND: Despite major advances in assisted reproductive techniques, the implantation rates remain relatively low. Some studies have demonstrated that intrauterine infusion of granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) improves implantation in infertile women. OBJECTIVE: To assess the G-CSF effects on IVF outcomes in women with normal endometrial thickness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this randomized controlled clinical trial, 100 infertile women with normal endometrial thickness who were candidate for IVF were evaluated in two groups...
May 2016: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Raoul Orvieto, David B Seifer
As patents expire on innovator products, there is increasing interest in developing biosimilar products globally. Biosimilars are not exact copies and are not considered generic versions of the reference product. They may differ in strength, purity and contain different composition of isoforms and/or various glycosylation profiles, with the consequent alterations in clinical efficacy or safety. Recently 2 new recombinant FSH preparations were introduced to clinical practice following randomized controlled, phase 3 clinical trials...
2016: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
Viktor P Chernyshov, Boris V Dons'koi, Iryna O Sudoma, Yana O Goncharova
Recently we have shown that immune deviations (ID) may predict IVF failure. Benefit from IVIG therapy was observed in 115 women with repeated IVF failure according to proposed multiple ID that appeared unfavorable for implantation and live birth. Group of 123 women with repeated IVF failure without IVIG therapy was compared with former group. Immune phenotype and NK activity of peripheral blood lymphocytes were studied by flow cytometry. Potentially predictive for IVF failure ID included elevated expression of CD56, CD158a in T lymphocytes, decreased levels of CD4T lymphocytes, up-regulated expression of HLA DR in CD8+ T cells and NK cells, elevated number of NK cells and increased NK cytotoxicity, increased or decreased expression of CD158a and CD8 in NK cells...
August 2016: Immunology Letters
Ferdinando Antonio Gulino, Stella Capriglione, Marta Fauzia, Luisa Maria Di Gregorio, Alessandra Di Stefano, Giulia Musmeci, Roberto Angioli, Marco Antonio Palumbo
INTRODUCTION: Thrombophilia is considered one of the causes of infertility, especially after repeated failures of IVF techniques. The aim of this work is to evaluate the incidence of thrombophilia in women who underwent IVF cycles and assess the outcome of the techniques. METHODS: In vivo study. The study sample was composed of 262 women undergoing a fresh cycle of in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle of Intracytoplasmatic Sperm Injection (ICSI) from July 2012 to December 2014 in the Center of Physiopathology of Human Reproduction...
May 25, 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
Anat Hershko-Klement, Ronnie Tepper
Ultrasound offers essential details and an overall view of the anatomic features of the reproductive organs, as well as physiologic assessment. There is still a great gap, however, in our understanding and interpretation of endometrial sonographic findings. Endometrial thickness, growth, and sonographic patterns have been repeatedly tested and compared with pregnancy rates in IVF cycles, yielding conflicting results. Generally, the data accrued so far suggest refraining from clinical decisions based solely on endometrial thickness...
June 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Şafak Hatırnaz, Ebru Hatırnaz, Murat Bakacak, Mehmet Sühha Bostancı, Melahat Atasever
BACKGROUND: Repeated in vitro Fertilization (IVF) failure together with Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS) is one of the distressing situations leading couples to search for alternative treatment options. For such patients with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) who have experienced Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome, mild ovarian stimulation with in vitro oocyte maturation could be a promising alternative. Testicular Sperm Aspiration (TESA) of spermatozoa from a known obstructive azoospermic patient is a limiting factor for IVM (in vitro maturation) but the couple reported here accepted mild IVF -IVM with TESA...
October 2015: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
Sourav RoyChoudhury, Apoorva Singh, Nalini J Gupta, Sudha Srivastava, Mamata V Joshi, Baidyanath Chakravarty, Koel Chaudhury
STUDY QUESTION: Is there any difference at the serum metabolic level between women with recurrent implantation failure (RIF) and women with recurrent implantation success (RIS) when undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Eight metabolites, including valine, adipic acid, l-lysine, creatine, ornithine, glycerol, d-glucose and urea, were found to be significantly up-regulated in women with RIF when compared with women with RIS. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Despite transfer of three high-grade embryos per cycle, RIF following three or more consecutive IVF attempts occurs in a group of infertile women...
June 2016: Human Reproduction
Kara Turner, Katie Fowler, Gothami Fonseka, Darren Griffin, Dimitrios Ioannou
Fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) revolutionized cytogenetics using fluorescently labelled probes with high affinity with target (nuclear) DNA. By the early 1990s FISH was adopted as a means of preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) sexing for couples at risk of transmitting X-linked disorders and later for detection of unbalanced translocations. Following a rise in popularity of PGD by FISH for sexing and the availability of multicolor probes (5-8 colors), the use of FISH was expanded to the detection of aneuploidy and selective implantation of embryos more likely to be euploid, the rationale being to increase pregnancy rates (referral categories were typically advanced maternal age, repeated IVF failure, repeated miscarriage or severe male factor infertility)...
June 2016: Panminerva Medica
Ashraf Aleyasin, Zhila Abediasl, Atefeh Nazari, Mahdi Sheikh
Recent studies have revealed key roles for granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (GCSF) in embryo implantation process and maintenance of pregnancy, and some studies showed promising results by using local intrauterine infusion of GCSF in patients undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF). This multicenter, randomized, controlled trial included 112 infertile women with repeated IVF failure to evaluate the efficacy of systemic single-dose subcutaneous GCSF administration on IVF success in these women. In this study, the Long Protocol of ovarian stimulation was used for all participants...
June 2016: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
Célia Ravel, Nadia Kazdar, Hortense Drapier, Solène Duros, Patricia Viard
In severe male infertility, in vitro fertilization (IVF) with intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) represents the sole available therapeutic option. However this technique is not always successful in promoting fertilization, as some couples completely and repeatedly fail to obtain any embryo. In many cases, this failure can be attributed to a defective rise in intracellular calcium, which is required to achieve oocyte activation. Over the last twenty years, several laboratories dedicated to assisted reproduction technologies have been using a calcium ionophore to assist oocyte activation...
February 2016: Médecine Sciences: M/S
E Subramani, M Jothiramajayam, M Dutta, D Chakravorty, M Joshi, S Srivastava, A Mukherjee, C Datta Ray, B N Chakravarty, K Chaudhury
STUDY QUESTION: Does investigation of metabolic perturbations in endometrial tissue of women with dormant genital tuberculosis (GTB) during the window of implantation (WOI) assist in improving the understanding of endometrial receptivity? SUMMARY ANSWER: In dormant GTB cases significant alterations in endometrial tissue metabolites occur, largely related to energy metabolism and amino acid biosynthesis in dormant GTB cases. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: As an intracellular pathogen, Mycobacterium tuberculosis strongly influences the metabolism of host cells causing metabolic dysregulation...
April 2016: Human Reproduction
Xing Yang, Rui Huang, Yan-fang Wang, Xiao-yan Liang
Long-term gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) administration before in vitro fertilization (IVF)/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in infertile women with endometriosis or adenomyosis significantly enhanced the chances of pregnancy in both fresh and frozen embryo transfer cycles. We hypothesized that long-term GnRHa treatment might also be beneficial for the idiopathic repeated implantation failure (RIF) patients. In the 21 patients receiving GnRHa and hormone replacement therapy (G-HRT) protocols for frozen embryo transfer, their data were compared with those of the 56 of frozen/fresh cycles they had previously undergone (previous protocols)...
February 2016: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
Elizabeth G Bromfield, Eileen A McLaughlin, Robert John Aitken, Brett Nixon
STUDY HYPOTHESIS: Given the importance of the chaperone Heat Shock Protein A2 (HSPA2) in the regulation of male fertility, this study aimed to identify and characterize additional proteins that may rely on the activity of this chaperone in human spermatozoa. STUDY FINDING: In view of the findings in this study we propose that angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) and protein disulfide isomerase A6 (PDIA6) are novel interacting proteins of HSPA2 and that this multimeric complex may participate in key elements of the fertilization cascade...
February 2016: Molecular Human Reproduction
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