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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766912/widening-the-circle-of-service-the-gift-of-academic-neurosurgery
#1
Vedantam Rajshekhar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763396/the-evolving-surgeon-image
#2
Heather J Logghe, Tyler Rouse, Alec Beekley, Rajesh Aggarwal
The stereotype of the abrasive, technically gifted white male surgeon is ubiquitous among members of the public and the medical profession. Yet modern surgeons are far more diverse and socially adept than the stereotype suggests. While the stereotype is largely a relic of days gone by, it continues to influence patients' expectations and surgeons' interactions with their clinical colleagues. The #ILookLikeASurgeon movement and subsequent #NYerORCoverChallenge demonstrate the changing face of surgery and the roles of social media in resisting the social and cultural force of long-standing stereotypes...
May 1, 2018: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762910/-why-did-you-really-do-it-a-mixed-method-analysis-of-the-factors-underpinning-motivations-to-register-as-a-body-donor
#3
Jon Cornwall, Zoe Poppelwell, Ruth McManus
Individuals who register as body donors do so for various reasons, with aiding medical science a common motivation. Despite awareness of several key reasons for donation, there are few in-depth explorations of these motivations to contextualize persons' reasons for donating. This study undertakes a mixed-method exploration of motivations for body donation to facilitate deeper understanding of the reasons underpinning donor registration. A survey of all newly registered body donors at a New Zealand university was performed over a single year...
May 15, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762176/transactional-sex-and-incident-hiv-infection-in-a-cohort-of-young-women-from-rural-south-africa-enrolled-in-hptn-068
#4
Kelly Kilburn, Meghna Ranganathan, Marie C D Stoner, James P Hughes, Catherine Macphail, Yaw Agyei, F Xavier Gomez-Olive, Kathleen Kahn, Audrey Pettifor
OBJECTIVE: In sub-Saharan Africa, young women who engage in transactional sex (the exchange of sex for money or gifts) with a male partner show an elevated risk of prevalent HIV infection. We analyse longitudinal data to estimate the association between transactional sex and HIV incidence. DESIGN: We used longitudinal data from a cohort of 2,362 HIV negative young women (aged 13-20) enrolled in a randomized controlled trial in rural, South Africa who were followed for up to 4 visits over 6 years...
May 11, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757676/wandering-in-dementia-and-trust-as-an-anticipatory-action
#5
Sebastian J Moser
The increase of dementia makes cognitive disorder a global challenge. Even if wandering is not a symptom of dementia in general, professionals and scientists dominate the definition of wandering as an aimless movement of people with cognitive impairment, mainly dementia. In consequence, professional types of wandering management were elaborated trying to avoid or replace it. However, this can cause negative effects. The article analyses an apparently common informal type of wandering management. It consists of slipping an address paper in the wallet of the ill person...
May 14, 2018: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751568/cyanogenesis-in-arthropods-from-chemical-warfare-to-nuptial-gifts
#6
REVIEW
Mika Zagrobelny, Érika Cristina Pinheiro de Castro, Birger Lindberg Møller, Søren Bak
Chemical defences are key components in insect⁻plant interactions, as insects continuously learn to overcome plant defence systems by, e.g., detoxification, excretion or sequestration. Cyanogenic glucosides are natural products widespread in the plant kingdom, and also known to be present in arthropods. They are stabilised by a glucoside linkage, which is hydrolysed by the action of β-glucosidase enzymes, resulting in the release of toxic hydrogen cyanide and deterrent aldehydes or ketones. Such a binary system of components that are chemically inert when spatially separated provides an immediate defence against predators that cause tissue damage...
May 3, 2018: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750775/assessing-sexually-transmitted-disease-partner-services-in-state-and-local-health-departments
#7
Kendra M Cuffe, Jami S Leichliter, Thomas L Gift
State and local health department sexually transmitted disease (STD) programs provide several partner services to reduce disease transmission. Budget cuts and temporary staff reassignments for public health emergencies may affect the provision of partner services. Determining the impact of staffing reductions on STD rates and public health response should be further assessed.
June 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740367/problem-space-matters-evaluation-of-a-german-enrichment-program-for-gifted-children
#8
Marisete M Welter, Saskia Jaarsveld, Thomas Lachmann
We studied the development of cognitive abilities related to intelligence and creativity ( N = 48, 6-10 years old), using a longitudinal design (over one school year), in order to evaluate an Enrichment Program for gifted primary school children initiated by the government of the German federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate ( Entdeckertag Rheinland Pfalz , Germany; ET; Day of Discoverers). A group of German primary school children ( N = 24), identified earlier as intellectually gifted and selected to join the ET program was compared to a gender-, class- and IQ- matched group of control children that did not participate in this program...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737372/efficacy-and-safety-of-cytotoxic-drug-chemotherapy-after-first-line-egfr-tki-treatment-in-elderly-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-harboring-sensitive-egfr-mutations
#9
Hisao Imai, Hiroyuki Minemura, Tomohide Sugiyama, Yutaka Yamada, Kyoichi Kaira, Kenya Kanazawa, Takashi Kasai, Takayuki Kaburagi, Koichi Minato
PURPOSE: Epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) is effective as first-line chemotherapy for patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring sensitive EGFR mutations. However, whether the efficacy of second-line cytotoxic drug chemotherapy after first-line EGFR-TKI treatment is similar to that of first-line cytotoxic drug chemotherapy in elderly patients aged ≥ 75 years harboring sensitive EGFR mutations is unclear. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of cytotoxic drug chemotherapy after first-line EGFR-TKI treatment in elderly patients with NSCLC harboring sensitive EGFR mutations...
May 8, 2018: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731728/non-cognitive-characteristics-of-gifted-students-with-learning-disabilities-an-in-depth-systematic-review
#10
Else Beckmann, Alexander Minnaert
Gifted students who also have learning disabilities (G/LD) are often overlooked when students are assessed either for giftedness or specific learning disabilities. The cognitive and non-cognitive characteristics of these G/LD students are habitually discussed only briefly alongside identification and intervention issues and, beyond that, the relevance of non-cognitive characteristics is often left unconsidered. Accordingly, this study aims to conduct an in-depth review of the non-cognitive characteristics of these students for identification and intervention purposes...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728430/an-extravagant-gift-from-a-grateful-patient
#11
Akshay Sharma, Liza-Marie Johnson, Amy Caruso Brown, Yoram Unguru, John D Lantos
Gift giving is psychologically and culturally complex. In any context, a gift can have multiple meanings. In the context of the doctor-patient relationship, the giving of gifts and decisions about whether to accept gifts raise complex ethical issues. In this essay, a number of pediatric oncologists discuss the ethical considerations that should guide physicians as they decide how to respond to an extravagant gift from a family.
May 4, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723173/live-kidney-donation-managing-the-tyranny-of-the-gift
#12
EDITORIAL
Justin A Roake, John B Morton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713673/a-sabbatical-the-gift-that-keeps-on-giving
#13
EDITORIAL
Scott L Friedman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707799/granulocyte-antibodies-in-male-blood-donors-can-they-trigger-transfusion-related-acute-lung-injury
#14
Xuan-Duc Nguyen, Torsten J Schulze, Peter Bugert, Stephanie Lauber-Härtl, Monika Schulz-Linkholt, Karen González-Schulze, Angelika Reil, Thomas Dengler, Simon Panzer, Erhard Seifried
BACKGROUND: White blood cell-associated antibodies can lead to transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI). Female donors with a history of pregnancies have been identified as a main cause for these antibodies. Male or female donors without a history of pregnancy are considered as safe donors. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Following the identification of two TRALI cases associated with blood products from male donors, we investigated the frequency of granulocyte-specific and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies in the entire blood donor population using a high throughput automated flow-cytometry-based granulocyte immunofluorescence test (Flow-GIFT)...
April 29, 2018: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697186/respite-care-services-for-children-with-special-healthcare-needs-parental-perceptions
#15
Kim E Whitmore, Julia Snethen
PURPOSE: Parents of children with special healthcare needs may become overwhelmed with the ongoing caregiving needs of their children. Caring for a child with special healthcare needs is often challenging, requiring specialized training in many cases. As a result, parents can struggle to find qualified caregivers capable of providing them a break from the 24/7 care of their child. Respite care programs are designed to provide caregivers with a much-needed temporary break. The purpose of this study was to examine parental perceptions of utilizing a respite care program...
April 26, 2018: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693545/joys-and-challenges-of-relationships-in-scotland-and-new-zealand-rural-midwifery-a-multicentre-study
#16
Susan Crowther, Ruth Deery, Rea Daellenbach, Lorna Davies, Andrea Gilkison, Mary Kensington, Jean Rankin
BACKGROUND: Globally there are challenges meeting the recruitment and retention needs for rural midwifery. Rural practice is not usually recognised as important and feelings of marginalisation amongst this workforce are apparent. Relationships are interwoven throughout midwifery and are particularly evident in rural settings. However, how these relationships are developed and sustained in rural areas is unclear. AIM: To study the significance of relationships in rural midwifery and provide insights to inform midwifery education...
April 21, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684652/generosity-and-compliance-recruitment-work-and-the-pathways-to-participation-in-bone-marrow-donation
#17
Kushan Dasgupta
This study examines challenges involved in recruiting bone marrow donors. Data comes from participant observation with a recruitment organization in the United States. Findings reveal that recruiters try to express bone marrow donation with common "gift of life" messaging, which emphasizes a singular event involving generosity. Potential recruits, however, respond by focusing on pain and time commitments. These concerns draw attention to the many stages and requirements involved in bone marrow donation and make issues of compliance salient...
April 12, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683990/can-women-safely-distribute-hiv-oral-self-test-kits-to-their-sexual-partners-results-from-a-pilot-study-in-kenya
#18
Kawango Agot, Samuel H Masters, Gift-Noelle Wango, Harsha Thirumurthy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681632/firsts-surgical-care-of-mexican-children-in-the-nineteenth-century
#19
Manuel Antonio Baeza-Bacab
Here, two papers are presented, which constitute the first reports of surgical procedures in Mexican children performed at the 19th century. The two publications refer to surgical operations for the extraction of bladder stones. At that time, there was no anesthesia, so part of the description alludes to the suffering of the patients and the operative difficulties. The first case, is referred to as a lithotomy in a 17-year-old girl, performed by surgeon José Victoriano Guerrero in Guadalajara in 1822. The publication is not an academic report, but a pamphlet written as a gift to Emperor Augustin I to celebrate his ascension to the throne...
2018: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677543/garcinia-morella-fruit-a-promising-source-of-antioxidant-and-anti-inflammatory-agents-induces-breast-cancer-cell-death-via-triggering-apoptotic-pathway
#20
Bhaswati Choudhury, Raghuram Kandimalla, R Elancheran, Rupjyoti Bharali, Jibon Kotoky
A rapid rise in cancer cases worldwide, especially breast cancer in females, instigates the need for more effective and less side effect causing drugs from natural origin. Thereby, in the present study, Garcinia morella fruit was investigated for antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-breast cancer activity. Preliminary antioxidant and anticancer evaluation of different fractions and crude methanol extract of G. morella fruit suggested chloroform fraction as the bioactive fraction. Time course analysis (by 24 h, 48 h and 72 h) of the bioactive fraction (1...
April 17, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
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