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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329176/does-rare-vocabulary-use-distinguish-giftedness-from-typical-development-a-study-of-school-age-african-american-narrators
#1
Monique T Mills, Jamie Mahurin-Smith, Sara C Steele
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine rare vocabulary produced in the spoken narratives of school-age African American children. Method: Forty-three children from general and gifted classrooms produced 2 narratives: a personal story and a fictional story that was based on the wordless book Frog, Where Are You? (Mayer, 1969). The Wordlist for Expressive Rare Vocabulary Evaluation (Mahurin-Smith, DeThorne, & Petrill, 2015) was used to tally number and type of uncommon words produced in these narratives...
March 22, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321146/virtual-reality-and-pharmacy-opportunities-and-challenges
#2
Brent I Fox, Bill G Felkey
We often find inspiration in tech happenings. This month, we explore the opportunities and challenges for using one of the most popular tech gifts of 2016 to advance safe and efficacious medication use.
February 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320409/can-an-incentive-based-intervention-increase-physical-activity-and-reduce-sitting-among-adults-the-achieve-active-choices-incentive-feasibility-study
#3
Kylie Ball, Ruth F Hunter, Jaimie-Lee Maple, Marj Moodie, Jo Salmon, Kok-Leong Ong, Lena D Stephens, Michelle Jackson, David Crawford
BACKGROUND: Despite recent interest in the potential of incentivisation as a strategy for motivating healthier behaviors, little remains known about the effectiveness of incentives in promoting physical activity and reducing sedentary behavior, and improving associated health outcomes. This pre-post-test design study investigated the feasibility, appeal and effects of providing non-financial incentives for promoting increased physical activity, reduced sedentary time, and reduced body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure among inactive middle-aged adults...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298420/staged-induction-of-hiv-1-glycan-dependent-broadly-neutralizing-antibodies
#4
Mattia Bonsignori, Edward F Kreider, Daniela Fera, R Ryan Meyerhoff, Todd Bradley, Kevin Wiehe, S Munir Alam, Baptiste Aussedat, William E Walkowicz, Kwan-Ki Hwang, Kevin O Saunders, Ruijun Zhang, Morgan A Gladden, Anthony Monroe, Amit Kumar, Shi-Mao Xia, Melissa Cooper, Mark K Louder, Krisha McKee, Robert T Bailer, Brendan W Pier, Claudia A Jette, Garnett Kelsoe, Wilton B Williams, Lynn Morris, John Kappes, Kshitij Wagh, Gift Kamanga, Myron S Cohen, Peter T Hraber, David C Montefiori, Ashley Trama, Hua-Xin Liao, Thomas B Kepler, M Anthony Moody, Feng Gao, Samuel J Danishefsky, John R Mascola, George M Shaw, Beatrice H Hahn, Stephen C Harrison, Bette T Korber, Barton F Haynes
A preventive HIV-1 vaccine should induce HIV-1-specific broadly neutralizing antibodies (bnAbs). However, bnAbs generally require high levels of somatic hypermutation (SHM) to acquire breadth, and current vaccine strategies have not been successful in inducing bnAbs. Because bnAbs directed against a glycosylated site adjacent to the third variable loop (V3) of the HIV-1 envelope protein require limited SHM, the V3-glycan epitope is an attractive vaccine target. By studying the cooperation among multiple V3-glycan B cell lineages and their coevolution with autologous virus throughout 5 years of infection, we identify key events in the ontogeny of a V3-glycan bnAb...
March 15, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293994/study-suggests-clever-teens-more-likely-to-use-alcohol-and-cannabis
#5
(no author information available yet)
Intelligent teenagers are more likely to drink alcohol and use cannabis than their less academically gifted peers but are less likely to smoke, new study results suggest.
March 15, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293756/the-40th-anniversary-of-the-ai-project-the-commemorative-gift-is-a-silk-scarf-painted-by-ai-the-chimpanzee
#6
EDITORIAL
Tetsuro Matsuzawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2017: Primates; Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287588/medical-grade-sterilizable-target-for-fluid-immersed-fetoscope-optical-distortion-calibration
#7
Daniil I Nikitichev, Dzhoshkun I Shakir, François Chadebecq, Marcel Tella, Jan Deprest, Danail Stoyanov, Sébastien Ourselin, Tom Vercauteren
We have developed a calibration target for use with fluid-immersed endoscopes within the context of the GIFT-Surg (Guided Instrumentation for Fetal Therapy and Surgery) project. One of the aims of this project is to engineer novel, real-time image processing methods for intra-operative use in the treatment of congenital birth defects, such as spina bifida and the twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome. The developed target allows for the sterility-preserving optical distortion calibration of endoscopes within a few minutes...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282647/suboptimal-prenatal-syphilis-testing-among-commercially-insured-women-in-the-united-states-2013
#8
Robyn Neblett Fanfair, Guoyu Tao, Kwame Owusu-Edusei, Thomas L Gift, Kyle T Bernstein
United States surveillance data demonstrate that congenital syphilis cases are increasing. We performed an analysis of commercially insured pregnant females using MarketSan to determine syphilis screening rates at different prenatal stages; 85% of pregnant women in this population had a syphilis test performed at least once during the prenatal period.
April 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279789/dietary-supplementation-with-rutin-has-pro-anti-inflammatory-effects-in-the-liver-of-juvenile-gift-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus
#9
Yao Zheng, Zhixiang Zhao, Limin Fan, Shunlong Meng, Chao Song, Liping Qiu, Pao Xu, Jiazhang Chen
Dietary supplementation with rutin may have some pharmacological qualities including anti-inflammatory effects. Kupffer cell activation resulted in increased transcription of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the pro- and anti-inflammatory activities in juvenile freshwater tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, in response to 0.1 or 0.3 g/kg dietary supplementation of rutin. Results showed that hepatic IgM, anti-inflammatory-cytokines, and pro-inflammatory cytokines were significantly decreased in groups treated with high doses of rutin...
March 6, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279760/paying-respect-to-human-cadavers-we-owe-this-to-the-first-teacher-in-anatomy
#10
Sanjib Kumar Ghosh
Every human cadaver which undergoes anatomical dissection enriches medical science and deserves to be treated with utmost respect. The aim of the present study is to identify the practices followed by medical schools across the globe to ensure that the human cadaver is treated with respect and dignity while it is utilized within the domain of medical education. The article undertakes a review of the literature and takes note of the practice of students taking an oath prior to dissecting cadavers whereby they reflect on their conduct and habits in the dissection room...
March 6, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277167/the-gift-of-hope-crafting-a-new-narrative-for-lossthe-crafting-of-grief-constructing-aesthetic-responses-to-loss-by-lorraine-hedtke-and-john-winslade-new-york-ny-routledge-2017-224-pp-isbn-978-1138916876-44-95-paperback
#11
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268031/-content-analysis-of-food-adverts-aimed-at-children
#12
José Antonio Ponce-Blandón, Manuel Pabón-Carrasco, María de Las Mercedes Lomas-Campos
OBJECTIVE: To determine the contents and persuasive techniques used in processed food adverts aimed at children in Andalusia, comparing them with those aimed at adults. METHODS: Study based on advert content analysis with two phases: a descriptive design phase and an analytical observational design phase. A sample of adverts from 60hours of broadcasting from the two most watched television channels in Andalusia. RESULTS: A total of 416 food and non-alcoholic beverage adverts were obtained, for 91 different products...
March 3, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262087/the-gender-social-and-cultural-influences-on-the-management-and-use-of-unconditional-cash-transfers-in-niger-a-qualitative-study
#13
Jennifer Scott, Caroline Marquer, Fatou Berthe, Eric-Alain Ategbo, Rebecca F Grais, Céline Langendorf
OBJECTIVE: The current qualitative study aimed to identify gender, social and cultural influences on the management and use of unconditional cash transfers as part of a prospective intervention study in Niger. DESIGN: In February to March 2012, focus group discussions and semi-structured individual interviews were conducted with female caregivers of children aged 6 to 23 months who received unconditional cash transfers. Discussion and interview transcripts were analysed using content thematic analysis...
March 6, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256422/geographical-disparities-in-hiv-prevalence-and-care-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-malawi-results-from-a-multisite-cross-sectional-survey
#14
Andrea L Wirtz, Gift Trapence, Dunker Kamba, Victor Gama, Rodney Chalera, Vincent Jumbe, Rosemary Kumwenda, Marriam Mangochi, Stephane Helleringer, Chris Beyrer, Stefan Baral
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological assessment of geographical heterogeneity of HIV among men who have sex with men (MSM) is necessary to inform HIV prevention and care strategies in the more generalised HIV epidemics across sub-Saharan Africa, including Malawi. We aimed to measure the HIV prevalence, risks, and access to HIV care among MSM across multiple localities to better inform HIV programming for MSM in Malawi. METHODS: Between Aug 1, 2011, and Sept 13, 2014, we recruited MSM into cross-sectional research via respondent-driven sampling (RDS) in seven districts of Malawi...
February 27, 2017: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241911/the-grateful-aging-program-a-naturalistic-model-of-transformation-and-healing-into-the-second-half-of-life
#15
Marilyn Schlitz
OBJECTIVES: Understanding and managing the process of aging is a central issue in modern society. This is a critical factor given the demographic shift toward an aging population and the negative stereotypes around aging that can limit people's worldview on aging with gratitude and well-being. METHODS: Building on three decades of qualitative and quantitative studies on positive worldview transformation at the California-based Institute of Noetic Sciences, this article applies an empirically derived naturalistic model of transformation to aging...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241360/rosemary-s-gifts
#16
Wendy Stead
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236560/the-dynamics-of-contract-plasma-fractionation
#17
REVIEW
Albert Farrugia, Daniela Scaramuccia
Plasma Derived Medicinal Products (PMDPs) are an essential component of the modern therapeutic armamentarium. They are differentiated from most other medicines in several ways, particularly the unique nature of the raw material used for their manufacture. Human plasma has been fractionated to PDMPs for the past 75 years, and the economics of manufacturing requires currently that as many products are harvested from each litre as is feasible and reflective of clinical needs. PDMPs may be purchased on the open market from the various commercial and not-for-profit (NFP) manufacturers...
February 21, 2017: Biologicals: Journal of the International Association of Biological Standardization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235637/inhibition-of-mir-92d-3p-enhances-inflammation-responses-in-genetically-improved-farmed-tilapia-gift-oreochromis-niloticus-with-streptococcus-iniae-infection-by-modulating-complement-c3
#18
Jun Qiang, Yi-Fan Tao, Jie He, Hong-Xia Li, Pao Xu, Jin-Wen Bao, Yi-Lan Sun
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, non-coding RNAs that regulate target gene expression by binding to the 3'-untranslated regions (3'-UTRs) of their target mRNAs. The miR-92 family is an important miRNA family, which was discovered to be related to regulation of tumor proliferation, apoptosis, invasion, and metastasis. Inhibition of miR-92d-3p was found previously in head kidney of genetically improved farmed tilapia (GIFT, Oreochromis niloticus) exposed to Streptococcus iniae infection. In this study, we found that miR-92d-3p regulated complement C3 mRNA levels by binding to its 3'-UTR by 3'-UTR luciferase reporter assay, and reduced miR-92d-3p expression resulted in increased C3 mRNA levels...
February 22, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229383/mirna-based-heavy-metal-homeostasis-and-plant-growth
#19
Ali Noman, Muhammad Aqeel
Plants have been naturally gifted with mechanisms to adjust under very high or low nutrient concentrations. Heavy metal toxicity is considered as a major growth and yield-limiting factor for plants. This stress includes essential as well as non-essential metals. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are known for mediating post-transcriptional regulation by cleaving transcripts or translational inhibition. It is commonly agreed that an extensive understanding of plant miRNAs will significantly help in the induction of tolerance against environmental stresses...
February 22, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221073/irving-isadore-gottesman-1930-2016
#20
Thomas J Bouchard, Matt McGue
Presents an obituary for Irving Isadore Gottesman who passed away on June 29, 2016, at his home in Edina, Minnesota. Gottesman was a gifted writer and clnician who will be best remembered as a courageous psychologist who "swam against the current" and researched genetic influence on human behavior, especially psychopathology, at a time when it was considered heresy. (PsycINFO Database Record
February 2017: American Psychologist
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