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Florian Tomini, Wim Groot, Sonila M Tomini
BACKGROUND: Transfers of money and help with daily activities by family and friends are important sources of support for older people and contribute to their well being. On the other hand, older adults are not only recipients of support but also important providers of support and financial transfers as giving and receiving are often reciprocal. For this, it is important to understand the determinants of receiving and giving money and help as well as the relationship between these two...
October 21, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Adrienne Schleisman
I would like to thank Marcia Gruber-Page, MSN, MS, RN, for highlighting the value of mentorships for the profession of nursing (Gruber-Page, 2016). As she emphasized, mentorships in the workplace contribute to the professional success of the mentor and mentee. Another population that is in need of sound guidance during a critical stage of professional development is undergraduate student nurses. 
November 1, 2016: Oncology Nursing Forum
Daniel López López, Paula Torreiro Pazo, Marta E Losa Iglesias, Ricardo Becerro de Bengoa Vallejo
We sought to explore the relationship between the podiatric medical student and the patient as it relates to the act of gift-giving as a sign of gratefulness for the services provided. This article presents the clinical case of a man who visited a podiatric medical student because of pain in his feet and subsequently presented the student with several gifts. Philanthropy, empathy, a positive attitude, treatment instructions, and the time devoted to the patient are some of the reasons why patients offer gifts to podiatric medical students...
September 2, 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Kelsie Y Chesnut, Melissa Barragan, Jason Gravel, Natalie A Pifer, Keramet Reiter, Nicole Sherman, George E Tita
OBJECTIVES: California has strict firearm-related laws and is exceptional in its regulation of firearms retailers. Though evidence suggests that these laws can reduce illegal access to guns, high levels of gun violence persist in Los Angeles (LA), California. This research seeks to describe the sources of guns accessed by active offenders in LA, California and reports offenders' motivations for obtaining guns. SETTING: Los Angeles County Jail (LACJ) system (four facilities)...
October 6, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
Sara Gianella, Jeff Taylor, Timothy R Brown, Andy Kaytes, Cristian L Achim, David J Moore, Susan J Little, Ron J Ellis, Davey M Smith
Despite extensive investigations, we still do not fully understand the dynamics of the total body HIV reservoir and how sub-reservoirs in various compartments relate to one another. Studies using macaque models are enlightening but eradication strategies will still need to be tested in humans. To take the next steps in understanding and eradicating HIV reservoirs throughout the body, we propose to develop a "peri-mortem translational research model" of HIV-infected individuals (called 'The Last Gift'), which is similar to existing models in cancer research...
October 14, 2016: AIDS
Anne Llewellyn
Life-changing illness or experiencing a catastrophic injury changes one's outlook on life. This is a story of one case manager's journey.
November 2016: Professional Case Management
Ann C Palmenberg
Science is our best current approximation of the way things work. You cannot do science unless you believe there is a discernable truth inherent to the arrangement of our tangible world. The problem is, we in our given time never know where exactly the asymptote lies or how far we are from it. My curiosity about the natural world is innate, but fate has variously gifted me with outstanding personal opportunities to indulge that curiosity through the study of viruses. To a woman of the boomer generation, professional paths were not always open-door, and to a certain extent they still aren't...
September 29, 2016: Annual Review of Virology
Sonja Goedeke, Ken Daniels
In New Zealand, embryo donation (ED) is "open," allowing offspring to access genetic information. Donors and recipients meet prior to donation. Drawing on interviews with 15 recipients, 22 donors, and nine counselors, this article discusses how ED may be constructed as a form of gifting. This discourse may evoke expectations that recipients will express gratitude for the gift, including through honoring contact agreements. Donation becomes a relational practice of obligations and counter-obligations. However, the gift discourse may not adequately capture the emotional sacrifice experienced by donors...
October 13, 2016: Qualitative Health Research
Fabian Sanchis-Gomar, Helios Pareja Galeano, Jose A Rodriguez-Marroyo, Jos J de Koning, Alejandro Lucia, Carl Foster
Despite some advances, how the millions of variations in the human genome influence athletic performance (especially in endurance events) remains largely unknown, and no single genetic test can really predict sports talent. However, there is experimental evidence coming from animal research that selecting for even a simple characteristic like running ability, can produce comparatively large and rapid changes in performance. That such selection has not been specifically documented in humans is more evidence of the limits of physiology-archeology than of the unlikelihood of selection for physical abilities...
October 13, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Wenjin Liu, Jeff M Snell, William R Jeck, Katherine A Hoadley, Matthew D Wilkerson, Joel S Parker, Nirali Patel, Yohannie B Mlombe, Gift Mulima, N George Liomba, Lindsey L Wolf, Carol G Shores, Satish Gopal, Norman E Sharpless
Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is endemic in regions of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), where it is the third most common cancer. Here, we describe whole-exome tumor/normal sequencing and RNA transcriptomic analysis of 59 patients with ESCC in Malawi. We observed similar genetic aberrations as reported in Asian and North American cohorts, including mutations of TP53, CDKN2A, NFE2L2, CHEK2, NOTCH1, FAT1, and FBXW7. Analyses for nonhuman sequences did not reveal evidence for infection with HPV or other occult pathogens...
October 6, 2016: JCI Insight
K V S Hari Kumar, Anurag Garg, N S Ajai Chandra, S P Singh, Rakesh Datta
Voice is one of the advanced features of natural evolution that differentiates human beings from other primates. The human voice is capable of conveying the thoughts into spoken words along with a subtle emotion to the tone. This extraordinary character of the voice in expressing multiple emotions is the gift of God to the human beings and helps in effective interpersonal communication. Voice generation involves close interaction between cerebral signals and the peripheral apparatus consisting of the larynx, vocal cords, and trachea...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Amy Geard, Gift D Pule, David Chelo, Valentina Josiane Ngo Bitoungui, Ambroise Wonkam
Sickle cell disease (SCD) vastly impacts the African continent and is associated with cardiovascular diseases. Stroke, kidney disease, and pulmonary hypertension are considered as proxies of severity in SCD with several genomic loci implicated in their heritability. The present expert review examined the current data on epidemiology and genetic risk factors of stroke, pulmonary hypertension, and kidney disease associated with SCD, as indexed in PubMed(®) and Google Scholar(®). Studies collectively show that stroke and kidney disease each affect ∼10% of SCD patients, with pulmonary hypertension displaying a higher prevalence of 30% among adults with SCD...
October 2016: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
Y Zheng, L Qiu, L Fan, C Song, S Meng, J Chen
In the present study, GIFT tilapia Oreochromis niloticus were exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) for 7, 14, and 21 days. Over the duration of the exposure, genotoxicity and the activity of Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase (NKA) and Ca(+)/Mg(+)-ATPase (CMA) were measured in the gill, kidney, and intestine, to evaluate changes in osmoregulatory response in O. niloticus. Our results showed significant decreases in organic NKA (except in gill tissues after 0.5 mg/L PCB-exposure) and CMA activity. The results of the genotoxicity assay showed significant increases in atp1a1a, nkcc2 (only in gill tissue), and fxyd7 (except after 21 days of 5 mg/L PCB exposure)...
September 2, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Y Zheng, L P Qiu, S L Meng, L M Fan, C Song, D D Li, C Zhang, J Z Chen
The present study clearly showed that chronic exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) at environmentally relevant concentrations can damage juvenile tilapia livers by modulating antioxidant enzyme activities and gene transcription, which affects toxic bioaccumulation and histological congestion. The results suggest that PCBs caused a decrease in the activity of some hepatic antioxidative and biotransformation enzymes (SOD, CAT, GST, T-GSH, and MDA) in tilapia at 7 days, as well as transcriptional changes (sod, cat, and gst)...
September 2, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Patricia Nez Henderson, April Roeseler, Gregg Moor, Hershel W Clark, Alfred Yazzie, Priscilla Nez, Chantal Nez, Samantha Sabo, Scott J Leischow
BACKGROUND: Comprehensive smoke-free laws are effective at protecting non-smokers and reducing tobacco use, yet they are not widely adopted by tribal governments. METHODS: A series of smoke-free policy initiatives on the Navajo Nation, beginning in 2008, were reviewed to identify key issues, successes and setbacks. RESULTS: It has been essential that proposed policies acknowledge the Navajo people's spiritual use of nát'oh, a sacred plant used for gift-giving, medicinal purposes and traditional ceremonies, while simultaneously discouraging a secular use of commercial tobacco...
October 2016: Tobacco Control
Mehrandokht Abedini, Azadeh Ghaheri, Reza Omani Samani
BACKGROUND: Due to the worldwide increase in infertility, it is both necessary and important to have assisted reproductive technology (ART) registries. In Iran, donation and surrogacy programs are approved by decrees from religious scholars. ART has been used since 1984 in Iran and the first Iranian infant conceived by gamete intra-fallopian transfer (GIFT) was born in 1989. This report, however, is the first national report on Iranian ART centers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study, conducted under the supervision of the Iranian Ministry of Health, presented a summary of the numbers and percentages of centers that provided infertility services in Iran, as well as the status of ART in Iran during 2011...
October 2016: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
Jason D Woodfine, Deva Thiruchelvam, Donald A Redelmeier
BACKGROUND: Off-road vehicles are popular and thrilling for youth outside urban settings, yet sometimes result in a serious crash that requires emergency medical care. The relation between birthdays and the subsequent risk of an off-road vehicle crash is unknown. METHODS: We conducted a population-based before-and-after longitudinal analysis of youth who received emergency medical care in Ontario, Canada, due to an off-road vehicle crash between April 1, 2002, and March 31, 2014...
2016: PloS One
Mary Brolin, Maria Torres, Dominic Hodgkin, Constance Horgan, Margaret Lee, Elizabeth Merrick, Grant Ritter, Lee Panas, Natasha DeMarco, Jonna Hopwood, Andrea Gewirtz, John Straus, Janice Harrington, Nancy Lane
OBJECTIVE: Multiple detoxification admissions among clients with substance use disorders (SUD) are costly to the health care system. This study explored the impact on behavior and cost outcomes of recovery support navigator (RSN) services delivered with and without a contingent incentive intervention. METHODS: New intakes at four detoxification programs were offered RSN-only (N=1116) or RSN plus incentive (RSN+I; N=1551) services. The study used a group-level cross-over design with the intervention in place at each clinic reversed halfway through the enrollment period...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
(no author information available yet)
Nurses and other NHS staff will not be able to accept gifts worth more than £50 under new proposals about conflicts of interest.
September 28, 2016: Nursing Standard
Mary Ruth Coleman
Hands-on science is the ideal platform for observing young children's ability to solve problems, think deeply, and use their creative ingenuity to explore the world around them. Science is naturally interesting and offers authentic reasons to read for information and use math skills to collect, compile, and analyze data. This chapter will share one approach to nurturing and recognizing young children with high-potential: U-STARS∼PLUS (Using Science, Talents, and Abilities to Recognize Students∼Promoting Learning for Underrepresented Students)...
August 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
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