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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108404/annulus-fibrosus-cells-express-and-utilize-c-c-chemokine-receptor-5-ccr5-for-migration
#1
Weijun Liu, David Liu, Justin Zheng, Peng Shi, Po-Hsin Chou, Chundo Oh, Di Chen, Howard S An, Ana Chee
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Disc degeneration is associated with the progressive loss of the proteoglycan content of the intervertebral disc (IVD), decreased matrix synthesis, higher concentrations of proteolytic enzymes and increased levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines. In previous studies, we have shown that C-C chemokine ligand (CCL)2, CCL3, and CCL5 are highly expressed by cultured nucleus pulposus (NP) and annulus fibrosus (AF) cells that have been treated by interleukin (IL)-1. The major function for these chemokines is to recruit immune cells into the disc...
January 17, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105585/how-feasible-is-multiple-time-point-web-based-data-collection-with-individuals-experiencing-street-homelessness
#2
Karin M Eyrich-Garg, Shadiya L Moss
Three barriers investigators often encounter when conducting longitudinal work with homeless or other marginalized populations are difficulty tracking participants, high rates of no-shows for follow-up interviews, and high rates of loss to follow-up. Recent research has shown that homeless populations have substantial access to information technologies, including mobile devices and computers. These technologies have the potential both to make longitudinal data collection with homeless populations easier and to minimize some of these methodological challenges...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104174/consequences-of-centralised-blood-bank-policies-in-sub-saharan-africa
#3
Jared R Gallaher, Gift Mulima, Dawn Kopp, Carol G Shores, Anthony G Charles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098678/an-intangible-gift
#4
Amanda Feilke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098085/experience-of-a-faculty-development-workshop-in-mentoring-at-an-indian-medical-college
#5
Jagdish R Varma, Anusha Prabhakaran, Suman Singh, Praveen Singh, Jaishree Ganjiwale, Himanshu Pandya
BACKGROUND: Our medical college is running a mentoring programme for undergraduate medical students since 2009. The academic leadership of the college identified the need to change the focus of the programme from mere problem- solving to professional and personal development of mentees. METHODS: A core group of faculty designed and implemented a workshop on mentoring for 28 mentors. The workshop included reflections on the participants' previous experiences about mentoring, discussion on perceptions of mentees about the existing mentoring programme, self-analysis of mentoring skills, overview of the Surrendering, Accepting, Gifting and Extending (SAGE) model and demonstration of effective mentoring skills using role plays and a film...
September 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094451/development-of-diversity-arrays-technology-markers-as-a-tool-for-rapid-genomic-assessment-in-nile-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus
#6
C E Lind, A Kilian, J A H Benzie
The development of genomic markers is described for Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, using the Diversity Arrays Technology (DArT) genotype-by-sequencing platform. A total of 13 215 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers and 12 490 silicoDArT (dominant) markers were identified from broodstock of two selective breeding programs [Genetically Improved Farmed Tilapia (GIFT) strain from Malaysia and the Abbassa strain from Egypt]. Over 10 000 SNPs were polymorphic in either strain, and 2985 and 3087 showed strain-specific polymorphisms for the GIFT and Abbassa strains respectively...
January 17, 2017: Animal Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091795/mood-spectrum-disorders-and-perception-of-pain
#7
Antonella Ciaramella
: Evaluation of pain perception in chronic pain patients with a concomitant mood-spectrum disorder. DESIGN: The observational retrospective study is based on patient data collected in psychosomatic consultations held at the Gift Institute for Integrative Medicine in Pisa, Italy, from 2002 to 2014. Evoked pain stimulus threshold and tolerance were evaluated using the cold pressor test. Clinical pain intensity and Sensorial, Affective, and Evaluative dimensions were assessed using the Italian Pain Questionnaire, and Anxiety and Depressive symptoms using the Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale...
January 14, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086924/treating-infants-with-frigg-linking-disease-aetiologies-medicinal-plant-use-and-care-seeking-behaviour-in-southern-morocco
#8
Irene Teixidor-Toneu, Gary J Martin, Rajindra K Puri, Ahmed Ouhammou, Julie A Hawkins
BACKGROUND: Although most Moroccans rely to some extent on traditional medicine, the practice of frigg to treat paediatric ailments by elderly women traditional healers known as ferraggat, has not yet been documented. We describe the role of these specialist healers, document the medicinal plants they use, and evaluate how and why their practice is changing. METHODS: Ethnomedicinal and ethnobotanical data were collected using semi-structured interviews and observations of medical encounters...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080091/dynamical-systems-modeling-of-early-childhood-self-regulation
#9
Pamela M Cole, Jason J Bendezú, Nilam Ram, Sy-Miin Chow
Self-regulation can be conceptualized in terms of dynamic tension between highly probable reactions (prepotent responses) and use of strategies that can modulate those reactions (executive processes). This study investigated the value of a dynamical systems approach to the study of early childhood self-regulation. Specifically, ordinary differential equations (ODEs) were used to model the interactive influences of 115 36-month-olds' executive processes (strategy use) and prepotent responses to waiting to open a gift (desire for the gift and frustration about waiting to open it)...
January 12, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068362/conflict-of-interest-policies-at-french-medical-schools-starting-from-the-bottom
#10
Paul Scheffer, Christian Guy-Coichard, David Outh-Gauer, Zoéline Calet-Froissart, Mathilde Boursier, Barbara Mintzes, Jean-Sébastien Borde
BACKGROUND: Medical faculties have a role in ensuring that their students are protected from undue commercial influence during their training, and are educated about professional-industry interactions. In North America, many medical faculties have introduced more stringent conflict of interest (COI) policies during the last decade. We asked whether similar steps had been taken in France. We hypothesized that such policies may have been introduced following a 2009-2010 drug safety scandal (benfluorex, Mediator) in which COIs in medicine received prominent press attention...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052765/sexual-abuse-and-risky-sexual-behaviors-among-young-female-hawkers-in-burkina-faso-a-mixed-method-study
#11
Saide Yacine Y A Ouédraogo, Ebrima J Sisawo, Song-Lih Huang
BACKGROUND: Young street hawkers in Burkina Faso are increasingly exposed to workplace hazards such as physical and sexual abuse, and also unsafe sexual practices. The objectives of this study were to identify the socio-demographic status and work characteristics of young female hawkers, describe their sexual behavior and their experience with regards to sex-related violence at the workplace. METHODS: The study used a mixed design combining qualitative and quantitative methods...
January 4, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050986/influence-of-television-advertising-on-behavior-of-children-across-socioeconomic-backgrounds
#12
Rachana Bahuguna, Atul Jain, Divya Suryavanshi, Hemlata Chauhan, Suleiman A Khan, Ruchi Thakur
INTRODUCTION: This research analyzed the influence of television on the behavior of children belonging to urban and rural socioeconomic backgrounds of Bhopal city and its vicinity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: About 400 parents with children between 1 and 18 years of age were subjected to a self-designed questionnaire, which sought information regarding the television viewing habits of children. Differences in responses were noted between the subjects of urban and rural areas...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048868/su-f-j-219-predicting-ventilation-change-due-to-radiation-therapy-dependency-on-pre-rt-ventilation-and-effort-correction
#13
T Patton, K Du, G Christensen, J Reinhardt, J Bayouth
PURPOSE: Ventilation change caused by radiation therapy (RT) can be predicted using four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) and image registration. This study tested the dependency of predicted post-RT ventilation on effort correction and pre-RT lung function. METHODS: Pre-RT and 3 month post-RT 4DCT images were obtained for 13 patients. The 4DCT images were used to create ventilation maps using a deformable image registration based Jacobian expansion calculation...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048500/we-h-202-04-advanced-medical-image-registration-techniques
#14
G Christensen
: Deformable image registration has now been commercially available for several years, with solid performance in a number of sites and for several applications including contour and dose mapping. However, more complex applications have arisen, such as assessing response to radiation therapy over time, registering images pre- and post-surgery, and auto-segmentation from atlases. These applications require innovative registration algorithms to achieve accurate alignment. The goal of this session is to highlight emerging registration technology and these new applications...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048394/we-h-202-00-session-in-memory-of-jean-pouliot-next-generation-deformable-image-registration
#15
Geoffrey Hugo
: Deformable image registration has now been commercially available for several years, with solid performance in a number of sites and for several applications including contour and dose mapping. However, more complex applications have arisen, such as assessing response to radiation therapy over time, registering images pre- and post-surgery, and auto-segmentation from atlases. These applications require innovative registration algorithms to achieve accurate alignment. The goal of this session is to highlight emerging registration technology and these new applications...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047897/we-ab-202-06-correlating-lung-ct-hu-with-transformation-based-and-xe-ct-derived-ventilation
#16
K Du, T Patton, J Reinhardt, G Christensen, J Bayouth
PURPOSE: Regional lung ventilation is useful to reduce radiation-induced function damage during lung cancer radiation therapy. Recently a new direct HU (Hounsfield unit)-based method was proposed to estimate the ventilation potential without image registration. The purpose of this study is to examine if there is a functional dependence between HU values and transformation-based or Xe-CT derived ventilation. METHODS: 4DCT images acquired from 13 patients prior to radiation therapy and 4 mechanically ventilated sheep subjects which also have associated Xe-CT images were used for this analysis...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047749/we-h-202-01-memorial-introduction
#17
N Kirby
: Deformable image registration has now been commercially available for several years, with solid performance in a number of sites and for several applications including contour and dose mapping. However, more complex applications have arisen, such as assessing response to radiation therapy over time, registering images pre- and post-surgery, and auto-segmentation from atlases. These applications require innovative registration algorithms to achieve accurate alignment. The goal of this session is to highlight emerging registration technology and these new applications...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047165/we-ab-202-03-quantifying-ventilation-change-due-to-radiation-therapy-using-4dct-jacobian-calculations
#18
T Patton, K Du, G Christensen, J Reinhardt, J Bayouth
PURPOSE: Four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) and image registration can be used to determine regional lung ventilation changes after radiation therapy (RT). This study aimed to determine if lung ventilation change following radiation therapy was affected by the pre-RT ventilation of the lung. METHODS: 13 subjects had three 4DCT scans: two repeat scans acquired before RT and one three months after RT. Regional ventilation was computed using Jacobian determinant calculations on the registered 4DCT images...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047096/we-h-202-02-biomechanical-modeling-of-anatomical-response-over-the-course-of-therapy
#19
K Brock
: Deformable image registration has now been commercially available for several years, with solid performance in a number of sites and for several applications including contour and dose mapping. However, more complex applications have arisen, such as assessing response to radiation therapy over time, registering images pre- and post-surgery, and auto-segmentation from atlases. These applications require innovative registration algorithms to achieve accurate alignment. The goal of this session is to highlight emerging registration technology and these new applications...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046433/we-h-202-03-accounting-for-large-geometric-changes-during-radiotherapy
#20
G Hugo
: Deformable image registration has now been commercially available for several years, with solid performance in a number of sites and for several applications including contour and dose mapping. However, more complex applications have arisen, such as assessing response to radiation therapy over time, registering images pre- and post-surgery, and auto-segmentation from atlases. These applications require innovative registration algorithms to achieve accurate alignment. The goal of this session is to highlight emerging registration technology and these new applications...
June 2016: Medical Physics
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