keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sleep apnea and atrial fibrillation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942524/characteristics-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-and-preserved-left-ventricular-ejection-fraction
#1
Johanna Strotmann, Henrik Fox, Thomas Bitter, Odile Sauzet, Dieter Horstkotte, Olaf Oldenburg
BACKGROUND: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) represents a common and highly relevant co-morbidity in patients with atrial fibrillation (Afib). Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been identified as an independent risk factor for developing Afib and for Afib recurrence after treatment, but the role of central sleep apnea (CSA) is less clear. This study investigated characteristics of SDB in Afib patients with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (PEF). METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive patients (07/2007 to 03/2016) with documented Afib at hospital admission and PEF undergoing 6-channel cardiorespiratory polygraphy (PG) screening were retrospectively analyzed...
September 23, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903938/atrial-fibrillation-in-acute-obstructive-sleep-apnea-autonomic-nervous-mechanism-and-modulation
#2
Lilei Yu, Xuefei Li, Bing Huang, Xiaoya Zhou, Menglong Wang, Liping Zhou, Guannan Meng, Yuhong Wang, Zhenya Wang, Jielin Deng, Hong Jiang
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms of atrial fibrillation (AF) induced by obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are not completely understood. This study investigated the roles of the intrinsic and extrinsic cardiac autonomic nervous system in OSA-induced AF and provided noninvasive autonomic nervous modulation for the suppression of OSA-induced AF by using low-level transcutaneous electrical stimulation (LL-TS) of the auricular branch of the vagus nerve at the tragus. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eighteen dogs received tracheostomy under general anesthesia and were randomly divided into 3 groups: the OSA group (OSA was simulated via clamping of the endotracheal tube at end expiration for 1...
September 13, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899542/predominant-obstructive-or-central-sleep-apnea-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-influence-of-characterizing-apneas-versus-apneas-and-hypopneas
#3
Johanna Strotmann, Henrik Fox, Thomas Bitter, Florian Schindhelm, Klaus-Jürgen Gutleben, Dieter Horstkotte, Olaf Oldenburg
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is common in patients with atrial fibrillation (Afib). Although a high proportion of respiratory events are hypopneas, previous studies have only used apneas to differentiate obstructive (OSA) from central (CSA) sleep apnea. This study investigated the impact of using apneas and hypopneas versus apneas only to define the predominant type of SDB in Afib patients with preserved ejection fraction. PATIENTS/METHODS: This retrospective analysis was based on high-quality cardiorespiratory polygraphy (PG) recordings (07/2007-03/2016) that were re-analyzed using 2012 American Academy of Sleep Medicine criteria, with differentiation of apneas and hypopneas as obstructive or central...
September 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885813/asleep-at-the-wheel-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#4
Richard J Fantus
Left untreated, OSA can lead to hypertension, stroke, congestive heart failure, and atrial fibrillation and s associated with type 2 diabetes and depression.... OSA strikes people of any age, including infants, and is most commonly seen in overweight or obese men older than 40 years of age.
June 2017: Bulletin of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845957/sleep-disorders-sleep-related-breathing-disorders
#5
Deepa Burman
Sleep-related breathing disorders or sleep-disordered breathing are characterized by abnormal respiration during sleep. They are grouped into obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), central sleep apnea, sleep-related hypoventilation, and sleep-related hypoxemia disorder. OSA is a common disorder encountered in the family medicine setting that is increasingly being recognized because of the obesity epidemic and greater public and physician awareness. OSA is characterized by recurrent episodes of partial or complete closure of the upper airway resulting in disturbed breathing during sleep...
September 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836321/association-between-left-atrial-enlargement-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-a-general-population-of-71-year-old-men
#6
Henrik Holtstrand Hjälm, Michael Fu, Per-Olof Hansson, You Zhong, Kenneth Caidahl, Zacharias Mandalenakis, David Morales, Constantinos Ergatoudes, Annika Rosengren, Ludger Grote, Erik Thunström
Left atrial enlargement has been shown to be associated with obstructive sleep apnea in patients with coronary artery disease and in sleep clinic cohorts. However, data from the general population are limited. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is an association between obstructive sleep apnea and left atrial enlargement in a random sample from a general population of 71-year-old men. As part of the longitudinal population study The Study of Men Born in 1943, we analysed cross-sectional data for 411 men, all 71 years old, who had participated in an overnight home sleep study and a standardized echocardiographic examination...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818746/patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-and-coronary-artery-disease-double-trouble
#7
REVIEW
Ewelina Michniewicz, Elżbieta Mlodawska, Paulina Lopatowska, Anna Tomaszuk-Kazberuk, Jolanta Malyszko
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common cardiovascular disease while atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia. Both diseases share associated risk factors - hypertension, diabetes mellitus, sleep apnea, obesity and smoking. Moreover, inflammation plays a causative role in both diseases. The prevalence of CAD in patients with AF is from 17% to 46.5% while the prevalence of AF among patients with CAD is low and it is estimated from 0.2% to 5%. AF is a well-established factor of poor short- and long-term prognosis in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and is associated with a marked increase in overall mortality...
August 14, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777366/-complex-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#8
A D Palman
Complex sleep apnea syndrome (Comp-SAS) is the term used to describe a specific form of sleep disordered breathing characterized by the arise of central sleep apnea in patient with previous obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) treated with continuous positive airway pressure devices (CPAP). The mechanisms of its occurrence are not well understood, but partly it seems to be a consequence of increased carbon dioxide elimination under positive airway pressure treatment and related improvement of pulmonary ventilation...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680116/predictive-value-of-chads2-and-cha2ds2-vasc-scores-for-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#9
Hui Pang, Bing Han, Qiang Fu, Zhenkun Zong
The presence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) confers a poor prognosis in atrial fibrillation (AF), associated with increased mortality dramatically. This study aimed to evaluate the predictive value of CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc scores for AMI in patients with AF. This retrospective study enrolled 5140 consecutive nonvalvular AF patients, 300 patients with AMI and 4840 patients without AMI. We identified the optimal cut-off values of the CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc scores each based on receiver operating characteristic curves to predict the risk of AMI...
July 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668820/obstructive-and-central-sleep-apnea-and-the-risk-of-incident-atrial-fibrillation-in-a-community-cohort-of-men-and-women
#10
Patricia Tung, Yamini S Levitzky, Rui Wang, Jia Weng, Stuart F Quan, Daniel J Gottlieb, Michael Rueschman, Naresh M Punjabi, Reena Mehra, Suzie Bertisch, Emelia J Benjamin, Susan Redline
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have documented a high prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) in individuals with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Central sleep apnea (CSA) has been associated with AF in patients with heart failure. However, data from prospective cohorts are sparse and few studies have distinguished the associations of obstructive sleep apnea from CSA with AF in population studies. METHODS AND RESULTS: We assessed the association of obstructive sleep apnea and CSA with incident AF among 2912 individuals without a history of AF in the SHHS (Sleep Heart Health Study), a prospective, community-based study of existing ("parent") cohort studies designed to evaluate the cardiovascular consequences of sleep disordered breathing...
July 1, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668145/modifiable-risk-factors-in-atrial-fibrillation-the-role-of-alcohol-obesity-and-sleep-apnea
#11
REVIEW
Kiran Sidhu, Anthony Tang
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia affecting a growing number of Canadians. Traditional risk factors, such as hypertension, diabetes, and valvular disease, are often present in older patients with AF. Modifiable risk factors should also be sought in patients presenting with new-onset AF. Obesity is a rapidly growing epidemic in Canada. Emerging evidence is linking obesity and the often coexistent obstructive sleep apnea with an increased incidence of AF. Alcohol intake can also predispose to the development of AF...
July 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640452/role-of-epicardial-adipose-tissue-in-health-and-disease-a-matter-of-fat
#12
Bénédicte Gaborit, Coralie Sengenes, Patricia Ancel, Alexis Jacquier, Anne Dutour
Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is a small but very biologically active ectopic fat depot that surrounds the heart. Given its rapid metabolism, thermogenic capacity, unique transcriptome, secretory profile, and simply measurability, epicardial fat has drawn increasing attention among researchers attempting to elucidate its putative role in health and cardiovascular diseases. The cellular crosstalk between epicardial adipocytes and cells of the vascular wall or myocytes is high and suggests a local role for this tissue...
June 18, 2017: Comprehensive Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639773/-paradigm-shift-in-the-treatment-of-atrial-fibrillation-the-importance-of-risk-factor-management
#13
Stefania Aur, Patrizio Pascale
The prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) is constantly rising. Different studies have underlined the correlation between AF and modifiable risk factors such as obesity, obstructive sleep apnea, hypertension and sedentary lifestyle. Treatment of these comorbidities could significantly reduce the AF burden and the recurrence rate after cardioversion or ablation. These data should therefore lead to a paradigm shift in the management of AF. A strategy limited to catheter ablation or to the prescription of an antiarrhythmic drug is not sufficient...
May 24, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637078/-update-cardiovascular-sleep-medicine
#14
REVIEW
Benedikt Linz, Michael Böhm, Dominik Linz
The prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is high in patients with cardiovascular diseases. Typical symptoms like daytime sleepiness can be absent and those patients may report unspecific, therapy-resistant symptoms related to their underlying disease. Particularly sleep-related symptoms like nocturia, nocturnal dyspnea and pectangina can be present. Based on the results of recently published studies, the treatment of central sleep apnea in patients with symptomatic, systolic heart failure by adaptive servo-ventilation is no longer recommended...
June 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586100/obstructive-sleep-apnea-is-associated-with-increased-readmission-in-heart-failure-patients
#15
Alex Sommerfeld, Andrew D Althouse, Jennifer Prince, Charles W Atwood, Suresh R Mulukutla, Gavin W Hickey
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) readmission rates have become an increasingly important quality metric since the advent of the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program. Despite many well-intentioned efforts to reduce readmissions, clinicians continue to struggle with the problem of high HF readmission rates. HYPOTHESIS: HF patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) will have higher burden of rehospitalization and mortality than HF patients without OSA. METHODS: Our study included 344 patient encounters (among 271 unique patients) with a diagnosis of HF from September 2014 through September 2015...
June 6, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545542/recognition-and-treatment-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-an-important-component-of-chronic-disease-management
#16
REVIEW
Peter C Farrell, Glenn Richards
Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is a highly prevalent condition, and is associated with many debilitating chronic diseases. The role of untreated obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in arterial hypertension has been recognized in international guidelines. Treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is associated with clinically-relevant reductions in blood pressure. In heart failure (HF), SDB is associated with worse prognosis and increased mortality. Major HF guidelines recommend that patients should be treated for sleep apnea to improve their HF status...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534047/polysomnographic-heart-rate-variability-indices-and-atrial-ectopy-associated-with-incident-atrial-fibrillation-risk-in-older-community-dwelling-men
#17
Dileep Raman, Farhad Kaffashi, Li-Yung Lui, William H Sauer, Susan Redline, Peter Stone, Peggy M Cawthon, Katie L Stone, Kristine E Ensrud, Sonia Ancoli-Israel, Kenneth Loparo, Reena Mehra
BACKGROUND: Autonomic dysfunction contributes to atrial fibrillation (AF). OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that polysomnogram (PSG)-based heart rate variability (HRV) autonomic function biomarkers are associated with incident AF and these associations are modified by measures of sleep disordered breathing (SDB). METHODS: 2350 participants of a multi-center prospective study (Outcomes of Sleep Disorders in Older Men Study) without baseline AF underwent sleep studies with incident adjudicated AF follow up (8...
May 2017: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511486/a-review-on-detection-and-treatment-methods-of-sleep-apnea
#18
REVIEW
Rajeswari Jayaraj, Jagannath Mohan, Adalarasu Kanagasabai
This paper presents a review on detection and treatment methods of sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is the most common type of breathing-related sleep disorder. It manifests in a variety of behaviours from teeth grinding to night terrors as involuntary night-time events. The most common sleep disorders are narcolepsy, hypersomnia, sleep talking, sleep walking, and bedwetting. Sleep apnea (somnipathy) is a serious sleep disorder that pauses breathing while sleeping. Breathing pauses occur 30 times or more during sleep and it lasts for few seconds to minutes, when normal breathing starts after this pause...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510598/age-gender-neck-circumference-and-epworth-sleepiness-scale-do-not-predict-obstructive-sleep-apnea-osa-in-moderate-to-severe-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd-the-challenge-to-predict-osa-in-advanced-copd
#19
Xavier Soler, Shu-Yi Liao, Jose Maria Marin, Geraldo Lorenzi-Filho, Rachel Jen, Pamela DeYoung, Robert L Owens, Andrew L Ries, Atul Malhotra
The combination of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. We hypothesized that predictors of OSA among patients with COPD may be distinct from OSA in the general population. Therefore, we investigated associations between traditional OSA risk factors (e.g. age), and sleep questionnaires [e.g. Epworth Sleepiness Scale] in 44 patients with advanced COPD. As a second aim we proposed a pilot, simplified screening test for OSA in patients with COPD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457559/periodic-limb-movements-of-sleep-are-associated-with-an-increased-prevalence-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-patients-with-mild-sleep-disordered-breathing
#20
Jiang Xie, C Anwar A Chahal, Naima Covassin, Phillip J Schulte, Prachi Singh, Narat Srivali, Virend K Somers, Sean M Caples
BACKGROUND: Growing evidence indicates that periodic limb movements of sleep (PLMS) may be related to increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease. However, the association of PLMS with atrial fibrillation (AF) is unclear, especially in patients with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). This study sought to investigate whether PLMS were associated with increased AF prevalence, independent of established risk factors. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of patients who underwent attended polysomnography at Mayo Clinic from 2011 to 2014...
April 22, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
keyword
keyword
25548
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"