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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813357/anticipation-in-sport
#1
REVIEW
Florian Loffing, Rouwen Cañal-Bruland
Anticipation has become an increasingly important research area within sport psychology since its infancy in the late 1970s. Early work has increased our fundamental understanding of skilled anticipation in sports and how this skill is developed. With increasing theoretical and practical insights and concurrent technological advancements, researchers are now able to tackle more detailed questions with sophisticated methods. Despite this welcomed progress, some fundamental questions and challenges remain to be addressed, including the (relative) contributions of visual and motor experience to anticipation, intraindividual and interindividual variation in gaze behaviour, and the impact of non-kinematic (contextual or situational) information on performance and its interaction with advanced kinematic cues during the planning and execution of (re)actions in sport...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813003/self-assessment-of-antimicrobial-stewardship-in-primary-care-self-reported-practice-using-the-target-primary-care-self-assessment-tool
#2
Rebecca Owens, Leah Ffion Jones, Michael Moore, Dirk Pilat, Cliodna McNulty
Multifaceted antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) interventions including: antibiotic guidance, reviews of antibiotic use using audits, education, patient facing materials, and self-assessment, are successful in improving antimicrobial use. We aimed to measure the self-reported AMS activity of staff completing a self-assessment tool (SAT). The Royal College of General Practitioners (RCGP)/Public Health England (PHE) SAT enables participants considering an AMS eLearning course to answer 12 short questions about their AMS activities...
August 16, 2017: Antibiotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812606/global-marine-protected-areas-to-prevent-extinctions
#3
Lindsay N K Davidson, Nicholas K Dulvy
One goal of global marine protected areas (MPAs) is to ensure they represent a breadth of taxonomic biodiversity. Ensuring representation of species in MPAs, however, would require protecting vast areas of the global oceans and does not explicitly prioritize species of conservation concern. When threatened species are considered, a recent study found that only a small fraction of their geographic ranges are within the global MPA network. Which global marine areas, and what conservation actions beyond MPAs could be prioritized to prevent marine extinctions (Convention on Biological Diversity Aichi Target 12), remains unknown...
January 23, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811131/assessment-of-translational-risk-in-drug-research-role-of-biomarker-classification-and-mechanism-based-pkpd-concepts
#4
Sandra A G Visser, Tjerk J H Bueters
In 2005, Danhof and coauthors proposed a new biomarker classification in the context of the application of mechanism-based PKPD modeling. They defined the term 'biomarker' as a measure that characterizes a drug-induced response, which is on the causal path between drug administration and clinical outcome. The biomarker classification identified seven categories that provide different insights into the kinetics of drug action, such as target site distribution, target engagement, or into the impact of the drug on physiology or disease...
August 12, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811044/learning-how-to-teach-one-a-needs-assessment-of-the-state-of-faculty-development-within-the-consortium-of-the-american-college-of-surgeons-accredited-education-institutes
#5
John T Paige, Nehal N Khamis, Jeffrey B Cooper
BACKGROUND: Developing faculty competencies in curriculum development, teaching, and assessment using simulation is critical for the success of the Consortium of the American College of Surgeons Accredited Education Institutes program. The state of and needs for faculty development in the Accredited Education Institute community are unknown currently. The Faculty Development Committee of the Consortium of the Accredited Education Institutes conducted a survey of Accredited Education Institutes to ascertain what types of practices are used currently, with what frequency, and what needs are perceived for further programs and courses to guide the plan of action for the Faculty Development Committee...
August 12, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809785/path-planning-for-non-circular-non-holonomic-robots-in-highly-cluttered-environments
#6
Ricardo Samaniego, Joaquin Lopez, Fernando Vazquez
This paper presents an algorithm for finding a solution to the problem of planning a feasible path for a slender autonomous mobile robot in a large and cluttered environment. The presented approach is based on performing a graph search on a kinodynamic-feasible lattice state space of high resolution; however, the technique is applicable to many search algorithms. With the purpose of allowing the algorithm to consider paths that take the robot through narrow passes and close to obstacles, high resolutions are used for the lattice space and the control set...
August 15, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808825/integrating-planning-perception-and-action-for-informed-object-search
#7
Luis J Manso, Marco A Gutierrez, Pablo Bustos, Pilar Bachiller
This paper presents a method to reduce the time spent by a robot with cognitive abilities when looking for objects in unknown locations. It describes how machine learning techniques can be used to decide which places should be inspected first, based on images that the robot acquires passively. The proposal is composed of two concurrent processes. The first one uses the aforementioned images to generate a description of the types of objects found in each object container seen by the robot. This is done passively, regardless of the task being performed...
August 14, 2017: Cognitive Processing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808581/decade-pilot-decision-aid-action-planning-and-follow-up-support-for-patients-to-reduce-the-10-year-risk-of-cardiovascular-diseases-a-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#8
Iris Tinsel, Achim Siegel, Claudia Schmoor, Anika Buchholz, Wilhelm Niebling
BACKGROUND: A healthy lifestyle can reduce cardiovascular risk (CVR) and prevent premature death. Usually most patients at increased CVR have difficulties implementing the necessary health behavior changes, such as smoking cessation, increasing of physical activity, healthy diet, stress reduction, etc. In this pilot study, a new intervention (DECADE) that includes a cardiovascular risk calculation, evidence-based decision aids, action planning, and follow-up support for patients to reduce their 10-year risk of cardiovascular diseases will be tested in primary care...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807835/the-role-of-antimicrobial-stewardship-programmes-in-children-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
André Ricardo Araujo da Silva, Déborah Cardoso Albernaz de Almeida Dias, Amanda Fáris Marques, Clara Biscaia di Biase, Indah K Murni, Angela Dramowski, Mike Sharland, Johanes Huebner, Walter Zingg
The United Nations and the World Health Organization have designated antimicrobial resistance (AMR) as a major health priority and developed action plans to reduce AMR in all healthcare settings. Establishment of institutional antimicrobial stewardship programmes (ASPs) is advocated as a key intervention to reduce antibiotic consumption in hospitals and address high rates of multi-drug resistant (MDR) bacteria. We searched PUBMED and the Cochrane database of systematic reviews (1/2007-3/2017) to identify studies reporting about the effectiveness of ASPs in general paediatric wards and paediatric intensive care units (PICU), on reducing antibiotic consumption, on using broad spectrum/restricted antibiotics, and on antibiotic resistance and healthcare-associated infections (HAIs)...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807704/palliative-care-albania
#10
Rudina Rama, Valbona Mane-Carcani, Fatmir Prifti, Kristo Huta, Ali Xhixha, Stephen R Connor
Sixty-percent of cancer patients are diagnosed with advanced stages of disease and those diagnosed in early stages face challenges to receive adequate treatment. Palliative care has had significant developments in recent years in Albania, due to a close partnership with the Ministry of Health, local non-profit organizations, and the Open Society Foundation Albania. In 2011, a five-year action plan for palliative care as one of four parts of the National Cancer Control Plan was approved. At the end of 2014, the first palliative care law was approved by Parliament...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807554/grassroots-technological-resistance-the-people-s-power-project-and-the-impossible-dream-of-wireless-transmission-of-energy
#11
Pete Schmidt
In 1972, the Minnesota United Power Association (UPA) teamed up with the Minnesota Cooperative Power Association (CPA) to initiate an electrification project designed to bring power from North Dakota to the Twin Cities area. A significant backlash and protest began once farmers across the state became aware of the plan and the potential impending land seizure. In the midst of these actions, one group sought to create an alternative to the power line transmission system by designing a system of wireless energy transmission based on the plans of Nikola Tesla...
August 11, 2017: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805502/the-fundamentals-of-cross-sector-collaboration-for-social-change-to-promote-population-health
#12
Joanne G de Montigny, Sylvie Desjardins, Louise Bouchard
Cross-sector collaboration is increasingly relied upon to tackle society's pressing and intractable problems. Chief among societal problems are unfavorable structural and social determinants of health. The ability to positively change these health determinants rests on the collaborative processes and structures of governance across diverse sectors in society. The purpose of this article is to present a conceptual framework that sheds light on the basic requirements of cross-sector collaboration for social change to promote the health of populations...
August 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805310/use-of-direct-oral-anticoagulants-for-stroke-prevention-in-elderly-patients-with-nonvalvular-atrial-fibrillation
#13
Lynn B Oertel, Annemarie E Fogerty
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Four direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are available for the prevention of stroke in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF): dabigatran (a direct thrombin inhibitor); and rivaroxaban, apixaban, and edoxaban (factor Xa inhibitors). This article summarizes the safety and efficacy of DOACs for the prevention of stroke in elderly NVAF patients. METHODS: PubMed was searched to identify published results of randomized, controlled trials evaluating DOACs for stroke prevention in elderly NVAF patients...
August 14, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803611/a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-local-government-health-and-wellbeing-plans-and-priorities-in-victoria-australia
#14
Mark Anthony Alindogan, Eli Ristevski, Anske Robinson
The aim of this study is to explore local health and wellbeing plans and priorities by Victorian local governments (LGs), specifically to: (1) analyse how LG priority areas are described in comparison to the State-level plan; (2) identify differences between regional and metropolitan health priorities; and (3) identify differences between LGs with high and low socioeconomic status. Content analysis of 79 LG health and wellbeing plans was undertaken. Differences in health and wellbeing priorities between LGs were examined using the t-test for two proportions...
August 14, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803081/building-an-outpatient-kidney-palliative-care-clinical-program
#15
Jennifer S Scherer, Rebecca Wright, Caroline S Blaum, Stephen P Wall
CONTEXT: A diagnosis of advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD), or end stage renal disease (ESRD) represents a significant life change for patients and families. Individuals often experience high symptom burden, decreased quality of life, increased health care utilization, and end-of-life care discordant with their preferences. Early integration of palliative care with standard nephrology practice in the outpatient setting has the potential to improve quality of life through provision of expert symptom management, emotional support, and facilitation of advance care planning that honors the individual's values and goals...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801402/reasons-for-non-adherence-to-cardiometabolic-medications-and-acceptability-of-an-interactive-voice-response-intervention-in-patients-with-hypertension-and-type-2-diabetes-in-primary-care-a-qualitative-study
#16
Aikaterini Kassavou, Stephen Sutton
OBJECTIVES: This study explored the reasons for patients' non-adherence to cardiometabolic medications, and tested the acceptability of the interactive voice response (IVR) as a way to address these reasons, and support patients, between primary care consultations. DESIGN, METHOD, PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: The study included face-to-face interviews with 19 patients with hypertension and/or type 2 diabetes mellitus, selected from primary care databases, and presumed to be non-adherent...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799849/public-health-activist-skills-pyramid-a-model-for-implementing-health-in-all-policies
#17
Behzad Damari, Elham Ehsani Chimeh
Affecting public health for society requires various competencies. In fact, the prerequisite for the implementation of health in all policies should be effectiveness of public health activists (PHAs) in these competencies. This study aims to determine the competencies of the activists in public health. The present qualitative study reviewed the literature and adopted qualitative methods like content analysis, stakeholder interviews, and conducted focus group discussions with related experts. In each stage, the required competencies were extracted through drawing the main action processes of a PHA...
August 11, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799688/developing-a-program-for-enhancing-youth-hiv-treatment-adherence-and-risk-reduction
#18
Warunee Fongkaew, Warawan Udomkhamsuk, Nongkran Viseskul, Marisa Guptaruk
Youth living with HIV face difficult and challenging situations that decrease their adherence to antiretroviral medications. In this study, we developed a pilot program to enhance HIV treatment adherence and risk reduction among youth living with HIV based on collaboration with a community hospital involving a multi-disciplinary healthcare team. Participants were 25 youth living with HIV/AIDS, 18 caregivers, and 12 healthcare providers. The action research process comprised a preliminary stage and four phases of assessment, planning, implementation, and evaluation...
August 11, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798915/migration-and-workforce-planning-in-medicine-with-special-focus-on-anesthesiology
#19
Jannicke Mellin-Olsen
Counting health personnel and defining migration is more complicated than one should think at first glance. Migrating health workers are not a homogenous group, and many factors cause people to migrate-not only low wages but also lack of professional development possibilities, poor job satisfaction, outdated equipment, unsafe environment, and more. The opposite factors encourage people to stay. Many countries, including high-income countries benefit from remittances from migrating individuals. The World Health Organization has installed a code of Practice on the international recruitment of health workers...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798465/minimally-invasive-dentistry-enhancing-oral-health-related-behaviour-through-behaviour-change-techniques
#20
J T Newton, K Asimakopoulou
Enhancing patients' oral health related behaviour is a critical component of the preventive approach which is central to the practice of minimally invasive dentistry. The first step in the process of behaviour change is creating capability to change behaviour through the provision of information and guidance. The second step involves enhancing the motivation to change through emphasising the benefits of behaviour change and emphasising the individual patients' susceptibility or risk of oral disease. The third step seeks to put motivation into action through creating opportunities to practice oral health behaviour...
August 11, 2017: British Dental Journal
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