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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346519/views-of-senior-health-personnel-about-quality-of-emergency-obstetric-care-a-qualitative-study-in-nigeria
#1
Friday Okonofua, Abdullahi Randawa, Rosemary Ogu, Kingsley Agholor, Ola Okike, Rukayat Adeola Abdus-Salam, Mohammed Gana, Eghe Abe, Adetoye Durodola, Hadiza Galadanci
BACKGROUND: Late arrival in hospital by women experiencing pregnancy complications is an important background factor leading to maternal mortality in Nigeria. The use of effective and timely emergency obstetric care determines whether women survive or die, or become near-miss cases. Healthcare managers have the responsibility to deploy resources for implementing emergency obstetric care. OBJECTIVES: To determine the nature of institutional policies and frameworks for managing obstetric complications and reducing maternal deaths in Nigeria...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346373/harmful-use-of-alcohol-a-shadow-over-sub-saharan-africa-in-need-of-workable-solutions
#2
Carina Ferreira-Borges, Charles D H Parry, Thomas F Babor
Alcohol consumption and alcohol-attributable burden of disease in Africa are expected to rise in the near future, yet. increasing alcohol-related harm receives little attention from policymakers and from the population in general. Even where new legislation is proposed it is rarely enacted into law. Being at the center of social and cultural activities in many countries, alcohol's negative role in society and contribution to countries' burden of disease are rarely questioned. After the momentum created by the adoption in 2010 of the WHO Global Strategy and the WHO Regional Strategy (for Africa) to Reduce the Harmful Use of Alcohol, and the WHO Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Non-Communicable Diseases, in 2013, little seems to have been done to address the increasing use of alcohol, its associated burden and the new challenges that derive from the growing influence of the alcohol industry in Africa...
March 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344025/any-action-reflections-on-the-australian-midwifery-action-project
#3
Joanne E Gray, Rachel M Smith
BACKGROUND: In 1997 a group of midwifery academics, researchers and practitioners met to discuss issues of concern related to the midwifery profession in Australia. It became clear from this discussion that midwifery in Australia was lagging behind similarly developed countries and that urgent action was required. From this meeting, a plan was developed to seek funding for a major national study into midwifery education and practice standards and as such, the Australian Midwifery Action Project (AMAP) was born...
March 23, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342086/motivational-and-volitional-correlates-of-physical-activity-in-participants-reporting-no-past-and-current-hypertension-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-observation-study
#4
Julian Wienert, Tim Kuhlmann, Sebastian Fink, Rainer Hambrecht, Sonia Lippke
PURPOSE: The study investigated differences in motivational and volitional correlates of physical activity in persons who reported currently having hypertension, had hypertension in the past, or had no hypertension by using the health action process approach as a theoretical background. METHOD: Self-reported data from 512 participants (71.9% women; M age = 46.83 years; SD age = 13.77; M BMI = 24.89; SD BMI = 4.71) were analyzed using multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA), analysis of variance (ANOVA), and post hoc comparisons of groups to determine differences in motivational and volitional correlates for physical activity between groups followed by analysis of covariance (ANCOVA)...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341755/pathogenic-variants-in-the-healthy-elderly-unique-ethical-and-practical-challenges
#5
Paul Lacaze, Joanne Ryan, Robyn Woods, Ingrid Winship, John McNeil
: Genetic research into ageing, longevity and late-onset disease is becoming increasingly common. Yet, there is a paucity of knowledge related to clinical actionability and the return of pathogenic variants to otherwise healthy elderly individuals. Whether or not genetic research in the elderly should be managed differently from standard practices adapted for younger populations has not yet been defined. In this article, we provide an overview of ethical and practical challenges in preparing for a genetic study of over 14 000 healthy Australians aged 70 years or older enrolled in the ASPirin in Reducing Events in the Elderly (ASPREE) Healthy Ageing Biobank...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341235/physiological-markers-of-motor-inhibition-during-human-behavior
#6
REVIEW
Julie Duque, Ian Greenhouse, Ludovica Labruna, Richard B Ivry
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) studies in humans have shown that many behaviors engage processes that suppress excitability within the corticospinal tract. Inhibition of the motor output pathway has been extensively studied in the context of action stopping, where a planned movement needs to be abruptly aborted. Recent TMS work has also revealed markers of motor inhibition during the preparation of movement. Here, we review the evidence for motor inhibition during action stopping and action preparation, focusing on studies that have used TMS to monitor changes in the excitability of the corticospinal pathway...
March 21, 2017: Trends in Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339437/complications-of-lumbar-disc-herniation-following-full-endoscopic-interlaminar-lumbar-discectomy-a-large-single-center-retrospective-study
#7
Tian-Hang Xie, Jian-Cheng Zeng, Zhu-Hai Li, Liang Wang, Hong-Fei Nie, Hu-Shan Jiang, Yue-Ming Song, Qing-Quan Kong
BACKGROUND: The new surgical procedure of full-endoscopic interlaminar lumbar discectomy (FILD) has achieved favorable effects in the treatment of lumbar disc herniation (LDH). Along with the wide range of applications of FILD, a series of complications related to the operation has gradually emerged. OBJECTIVE: To describe the types, incidences, and characteristics of complications following FILD and to explore preventative and treatment measures. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, observational study...
March 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338563/making-eye-health-a-population-imperative-putting-plans-into-action
#8
David Heath
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338467/somewhere-in-france-9-april-17-a-centenary-review-of-medical-arrangements-at-vimy-ridge
#9
Vivian McAlister
In April 1917, medical units of the 4 divisions of the Canadian Corps combined for the first time in support of a single action, the assault upon Vimy Ridge. Detailed planning, infrastructure development, information dissemination and rehearsal were features of preparations by the combat arms and medical elements of the Canadian Forces. Extraordinary coordination resulted in the rapid rescue and evacuation by Canadian medical services of 8000 casualties over 4 days. Characteristics of today's military medical services are evident in the work of the Canadian Army Medical Corps 100 years ago...
April 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338406/a-feasibility-study-for-improved-physical-activity-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#10
Roger J Paxton, Jeri E Forster, Matthew J Miller, Kristine L Gerron, Jennifer E Stevens-Lapsley, Cory L Christiansen
BACKGROUND: Physical activity outcomes are poor following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purpose was to evaluate feasibility of a physical activity feedback intervention for patients after TKA. METHODS: Participants completing conventional TKA rehabilitation were randomized to a physical activity feedback (PAF; n=22) or control (CTL; n=23) group. The PAF intervention included real-time activity feedback, weekly action planning, and monthly group support meetings (12-weeks)...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338191/a-randomized-single-center-study-to-compare-the-efficacy-and-tolerability-of-tadalafil-once-daily-plus-lidocaine-anesthetic-spray-on-premature-ejaculation
#11
L Dell'Atti, A B Galosi, C Ippolito
OBJECTIVE: The use of topical local anesthetics in the form of creams, gel or spray is the oldest method of retarding ejaculation. However, several studies have suggested that phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (5-PDEiS) show a potential therapeutic use in the treatment of premature ejaculation (PE). The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and tolerability of tadalafil-only, tadalafil plus local anesthetic spray (lidocaine), and topical lidocaine spray-only before intercourse on the intravaginal ejaculatory latency time (IELT) of patients with lifelong PE...
March 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337843/exploring-the-role-of-the-dental-hygienist-in-reducing-oral-health-disparities-in-canada-a-qualitative-study
#12
J Farmer, S Peressini, H P Lawrence
OBJECTIVES: Reducing oral health disparities has been an ongoing challenge in Canada with the largest burden of oral disease exhibited in vulnerable populations, including Aboriginal people, the elderly, rural and remote residents, and newcomers. Dental hygienists are a unique set of professionals who work with and within communities, who have the potential to act as key change agents for improving the oral health of these populations. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore, from the dental hygiene perspective, the role of dental hygienists in reducing oral health disparities in Canada...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337766/integration-of-family-planning-services-into-hiv-care-and-treatment-services-a-systematic-review
#13
Sabina A Haberlen, Manjulaa Narasimhan, Laura K Beres, Caitlin E Kennedy
Evidence on the feasibility, effectiveness, and cost-effectiveness of integrating family planning (FP) and HIV services has grown significantly since the 2004 Glion Call to Action. This systematic review adds to the knowledge base by characterizing the range of models used to integrate FP into HIV care and treatment, and synthesizing the evidence on integration outcomes among women living with HIV. Fourteen studies met our inclusion criteria, eight of which were published after the last systematic review on the topic in 2013...
March 24, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337510/-seven-years-of-the-national-action-league-for-people-with-rare-diseases-namse-a-success-story
#14
Alexandra Halbach, Birgit Schnieders, Karin Knufmann-Happe
It is estimated that four million people in Germany are living with a rare disease; in the EU, approximately 30 million people are affected. All rare diseases are chronic, linked to invalidity and/or restricted life expectancy, and their symptoms are often already manifest in childhood. Some 80% of rare diseases are genetically determined; they can rarely be cured. Furthermore, the pathogenesis of many rare diseases is unknown.In a move to ameliorate the situation of persons with rare diseases, the National Action League for People with Rare Diseases (NAMSE) published the National Plan of Action for People with Rare Diseases containing 52 measures that aim to achieve the desired improvements...
March 23, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337440/rabies-control-could-innovative-financing-break-the-deadlock
#15
REVIEW
Susan C Welburn, Paul G Coleman, Jakob Zinsstag
The neglected zoonotic diseases (NZDs) have been all but eradicated in wealthier countries but remain major causes of ill-health and mortality in over 80 countries across Africa, Asia, and Latin America. The nature of neglect for the NZDs has been ascribed, in part, to underreporting resulting in an underestimation of their global burden that, together with a lack of advocacy, downgrades their relevance to policy-makers and funding agencies. While this may be the case for many NZDs, for rabies this is not the case...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336386/the-whf-roadmap-for-reducing-cv-morbidity-and-mortality-through-prevention-and-control-of-rheumatic-heart-disease
#16
Benjamin Palafox, Ana Olga Mocumbi, R Krishna Kumar, Sulafa K M Ali, Elizabeth Kennedy, Abraham Haileamlak, David Watkins, Kadia Petricca, Rosemary Wyber, Patrick Timeon, Jeremiah Mwangi
Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is a preventable non-communicable condition that disproportionately affects the world's poorest and most vulnerable. The World Heart Federation Roadmap for improved RHD control is a resource designed to help a variety of stakeholders raise the profile of RHD nationally and globally, and provide a framework to guide and support the strengthening of national, regional and global RHD control efforts. The Roadmap identifies the barriers that limit access to and uptake of proven interventions for the prevention and control of RHD...
March 20, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335885/policy-and-priorities-for-national-cancer-control-planning-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-lessons-from-the-association-of-southeast-asian-nations-asean-costs-in-oncology-prospective-cohort-study
#17
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Evidence to guide policymakers in developing affordable and equitable cancer control plans are scarce in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). METHODS: The 2012-2014 ASEAN Costs in Oncology Study prospectively followed-up 9513 newly diagnosed cancer patients from eight LMIC in Southeast Asia for 12 months. Overall and country-specific incidence of financial catastrophe (out-of-pocket health costs ≥ 30% of annual household income), economic hardship (inability to make necessary household payments), poverty (living below national poverty line), and all-cause mortality were determined...
March 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334910/evaluating-pharmacist-input-into-the-pharmaceutical-care-of-patients-in-dispensing-medical-practices-in-remote-and-rural-areas-of-scotland
#18
Derek Stewart, Breda Anthony, Clare Morrison, Yvonne MacRae, Lucy Dixon, Emer Friel, Evelyn Yoong, Scott Cunningham, Katie MacLure
Background.: The Highlands and the Western Isles are the two most remote and rural areas of Scotland, with many medical practices in areas where pharmacies would not be viable. Recent regulations state that that dispensing medical practices in these areas must receive pharmacist support for patients who would benefit. Objective.: This study aimed to evaluate pilot services, which centred on the provision of patient centred pharmaceutical care. Methods...
March 8, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334802/engagement-strategies-that-foster-community-self-determination-in-participatory-research-insider-ownership-through-outsider-championship
#19
Jon Salsberg, Soultana Macridis, Enrique Garcia Bengoechea, Ann C Macaulay, Spencer Moore
Background.: In order to maximize the benefits of community-based participatory research, effective ownership over the research process must be at least equally in the hands of the community. A previous social network analysis documented that the participatory research process shifted ownership from academic to community partners, but did not show what actions and strategies fostered this shift. Objectives.: This study follows the trajectory of a community-academic partnership and asks, from the perspective of the project stakeholders, which actions and strategies over the lifespan of the research led to the observed shift in ownership and decision-making from the original external academics to the community stakeholders? Methods...
February 18, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334748/the-shifting-dynamics-of-social-roles-and-project-ownership-over-the-lifecycle-of-a-community-based-participatory-research-project
#20
Jon Salsberg, Soultana Macridis, Enrique Garcia Bengoechea, Ann C Macaulay, Spencer Moore
Background: . Community based participatory research (CBPR) is often initiated by academic researchers, yet relies on meaningful community engagement and ownership to have lasting impact. Little is understood about how ownership shifts from academic to community partners. Objectives: . We examined a CBPR project over its life course and asked: what does the evolution of ownership look like from project initiation by an academic (non-community) champion (T1); to maturation-when the intervention is ready to be deployed (T2); to independence-the time when the original champion steps aside (T3); and finally, to its maintenance-when the community has had an opportunity to function independently of the original academic champion (T4)? Methods: ...
February 21, 2017: Family Practice
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