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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530215/takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-after-intravenous-epinephrine-administration-following-cardiac-arrest-provoked-by-pneumoperitoneum-a-case-report
#1
Waldemar Elikowski, Malgorzata Małek-Elikowska, Jacek Karoń, Maria Mrozińska, Alina Baszko, Karolina Horbacka
In stress-induced takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) high levels of catecholamines, including epinephrine, may be detected in blood. On the other hand, administration of exogenous epinephrine may occasionally result in TC. A CASE REPORT: The authors describe a case of a 58-year-old, otherwise healthy female, with TC which occurred after intravenous injection of 1 mg of epinephrine against cardiac arrest provoked by pneumoperitoneum performed before planned laparoscopic cholecystectomy. She was admitted 3 days earlier due to biliary colic following a dietary mistake...
April 21, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527422/index-of-difficulty-and-side-of-space-are-accommodated-during-the-selection-and-planning-of-a-joint-action
#2
Matthew Ray, John de Grosbois, Timothy N Welsh
Co-actors can facilitate the achievement of a shared goal by accurately anticipating each other's needs and subsequently planning actions to accommodate those needs. The purpose of the present study was to determine if co-actors plan and execute their movements to accommodate the difficulty of their partners' action. We hypothesized that information derived from shared task representations could influence the simulation of other's actions and that motor experience would enhance the ability of co-actor's to anticipate their co-actor's needs...
May 17, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525860/a-comparison-of-individual-exposure-perception-and-acceptable-levels-of-pm2-5-with-air-pollution-policy-objectives-in-china
#3
Lei Huang, Chao Rao, Tsering Jan van der Kuijp, Jun Bi, Yang Liu
Atmospheric pollution has emerged as a major public health issue in China. Public perception and acceptable risk levels of air pollution can prompt individual behavioral changes and play a major role in the public's response to health risks. Therefore, to explore these responses and evaluate what constitutes publicly acceptable concentrations of fine particulate matter (PM2.5), questionnaire surveys were conducted in three representative cities of China: Beijing, Nanjing, and Guangzhou. Great differences in public risk perception were revealed...
May 16, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522563/biomarkers-of-exposure-to-new-and-emerging-tobacco-and-nicotine-delivery-products
#4
Suzaynn F Schick, Benjamin C Blount, Peyton Jacob, Najat A Saliba, John T Bernert, Ahmad El Hellani, Peter Jatlow, R Steve Pappas, Lanqing Wang, Jonathan Foulds, Arunava Ghosh, Stephen S Hecht, John C Gomez, Jessica R Martin, Clementina Mesaros, Sanjay Srivastava, Gideon St Helen, Robert Tarran, Pawel K Lorkiewicz, Ian A Blair, Heather L Kimmel, Claire M Doerschuk, Neal L Benowitz, Aruni Bhatnagar
Accurate and reliable measurements of exposure to tobacco products are essential for identifying and confirming patterns of tobacco product use and for assessing their potential biological effects in both human populations and experimental systems. Due to the introduction of new tobacco-derived products and the development of novel ways to modify and use conventional tobacco products, precise and specific assessments of exposure to tobacco are now more important than ever. Biomarkers that were developed and validated to measure exposure to cigarettes are being evaluated to assess their utility for measuring exposure to these new products...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522227/promoting-motor-skills-in-low-income-ethnic-children-the-physical-activity-in-linguistically-diverse-communities-paldc-nonrandomized-trial
#5
Anthony D Okely, Louise L Hardy, Marijka Batterham, Phillip Pearson, Kim McKeen, Lauren Puglisi
OBJECTIVES: This study reports the long-term effects of a professional learning program for classroom teachers on fundamental motor skill (FMS) proficiency of primary school students from ethnically diverse backgrounds. DESIGN: A cluster non-randomized trial using a nested cross-sectional design. METHODS: The study was conducted in 8 primary schools located in disadvantaged and culturally diverse areas in Sydney, Australia. The intervention used an action learning framework, with each school developing and implementing an action plan for enhancing the teaching of FMS in their school...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520838/effect-of-the-prepare-website-vs-an-easy-to-read-advance-directive-on-advance-care-planning-documentation-and-engagement-among-veterans-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Rebecca L Sudore, John Boscardin, Mariko A Feuz, Ryan D McMahan, Mary T Katen, Deborah E Barnes
Importance: Documentation rates of patients' medical wishes are often low. It is unknown whether easy-to-use, patient-facing advance care planning (ACP) interventions can overcome barriers to planning in busy primary care settings. Objective: To compare the efficacy of an interactive, patient-centered ACP website (PREPARE) with an easy-to-read advance directive (AD) to increase planning documentation. Design, Setting, and Participants: This was a comparative effectiveness randomized clinical trial from April 2013 to July 2016 conducted at multiple primary care clinics at the San Francisco VA Medical Center...
May 18, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516172/supporting-patient-provider-collaboration-to-identify-individual-triggers-using-food-and-symptom-journals
#7
Jessica Schroeder, Jane Hoffswell, Chia-Fang Chung, James Fogarty, Sean Munson, Jasmine Zia
Patient-generated data can allow patients and providers to collaboratively develop accurate diagnoses and actionable treatment plans. Unfortunately, patients and providers often lack effective support to make use of such data. We examine patient-provider collaboration to interpret patient-generated data. We focus on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a chronic illness in which particular foods can exacerbate symptoms. IBS management often requires patient-provider collaboration using a patient's food and symptom journal to identify the patient's triggers...
February 25, 2017: Computer Supported Cooperative Work: CSCW: An International Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514988/how-latina-mothers-navigate-a-food-swamp-to-feed-their-children-a-photovoice-approach
#8
Uriyoán Colón-Ramos, Rafael Monge-Rojas, Elena Cremm, Ivonne M Rivera, Elizabeth L Andrade, Mark C Edberg
OBJECTIVE: To understand how mothers who recently migrated from Central America to the USA feed their children in a neighbourhood saturated with unhealthful food choices ('food swamp') and to formulate a mother-driven plan of action to facilitate their acquisition of foods. Design/Setting/Subjects We purposively sampled mothers with children (<10 years old) who were recent immigrants/refugees from Central America and lived in a 'food swamp' neighbourhood. We used the photovoice approach to elicit textual data from thirty in-depth interviews, a participatory workshop, and visual data from photographs...
May 18, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514981/essential-lessons-in-a-potential-sarin-attack-disaster-plan-for-a-resource-constrained-environment
#9
Matthew John Watermeyer, Nicole Dippenaar, Nelly Clotildea Tchouambou Simo, Sean Buchanan, Abdullah Ebrahim Laher
Sarin is a potent nerve agent chemical weapon that was originally designed for military purposes as a fast-acting anti-personnel weapon that would kill or disable large numbers of enemy troops. Its potent toxicity, ease of deployment, and rapid degradation allow for rapid deployment by an attacking force, who can safely enter the area of deployment a short while after its release. Sarin has been produced and stockpiled by a number of countries, and large quantities of it still exist despite collective agreements to cease manufacture and destroy stockpiles...
May 18, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514914/using-action-learning-to-reduce-health-inequity-in-danish-municipalities
#10
Anna Paldam Folker, Sigurd Lauridsen
Purpose The aim of this study is to clarify how action learning can be used as a vehicle for promoting equal access to municipal health services for socially disadvantaged groups in a Danish context. It is the purpose of this paper to describe the methods for reducing health inequity developed in the study and to discuss how action learning methodologically contributed to achieving these results. Design/methodology/approach In the study, the front-line staff from 19 health and social service units in six different municipalities, in Denmark, each formed an action learning group to develop methods for reducing health inequity in a municipal health setting...
May 2, 2017: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513624/type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-malaysia-current-trends-and-risk-factors
#11
REVIEW
E-S Tee, R W K Yap
This review discussed the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) in Malaysia and the associated major risk factors, namely overweight/obesity, dietary practices and physical activity in both adults and school children. Detailed analyses of such information will provide crucial information for the formulation and implementation of programmes for the control and prevention of T2DM in the country. National studies from 1996-2015, and other recent nation-wide studies were referred to. The current prevalence of DM in 2015 is 17...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513338/worldwide-surveillance-policy-and-research-on-physical-activity-and-health-the-global-observatory-for-physical-activity-gopa
#12
Andrea Ramirez Varela, Michael Pratt, Kenneth Powell, I-Min Lee, Adrian Bauman, Gregory Heath, Rafaela Costa Martins, Harold Kohl, Pedro C Hallal
BACKGROUND: The Global Observatory for Physical Activity-GoPA! was launched in response to the physical inactivity pandemic. The aim of this article is to present current information about surveillance, policy, and research on physical activity (PA) and health worldwide. METHODS: Information was collected for 217 countries. For 139 of these nations we identified a contact who confirmed information's accuracy and completeness. Associations were calculated among surveillance, policy and research categories...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511495/barriers-encountered-by-accredited-social-health-activists-asha-in-arthritis-rehabilitation-a-qualitative-study
#13
Sidhiprada Mohapatra, Girish Nandakumar, Senthil Kumaran Dharmaraj
INTRODUCTION: Healthy behaviour through education of individuals with arthritis is the mainstay of long term management. Time and access constraints restrict medical professionals from active involvement in arthritis education in the community. Reaching the community through the Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) is the plan of action operational in India. Hence, the factors encountered by ASHAs while delivering arthritis education programs need to be studied. AIM: The aim of the study was to explore the experiences of ASHAs while delivering arthritis education program...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507228/understanding-principles-of-integration-and-segregation-using-whole-brain-computational-connectomics-implications-for-neuropsychiatric-disorders
#14
REVIEW
Louis-David Lord, Angus B Stevner, Gustavo Deco, Morten L Kringelbach
To survive in an ever-changing environment, the brain must seamlessly integrate a rich stream of incoming information into coherent internal representations that can then be used to efficiently plan for action. The brain must, however, balance its ability to integrate information from various sources with a complementary capacity to segregate information into modules which perform specialized computations in local circuits. Importantly, evidence suggests that imbalances in the brain's ability to bind together and/or segregate information over both space and time is a common feature of several neuropsychiatric disorders...
June 28, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506152/a-participatory-systems-approach-to-design-for-safer-integrated-medicine-management
#15
Gyuchan Thomas Jun, Aneurin Canham, Ander Altuna-Palacios, James Ward, Ran Bhamra, Stephen Rogers, Amalin Dutt, Priyal Shah
It is recognised that whole systems approaches are required in the design and development of complex healthcare services. Application of a systems approach benefits from the involvement of key stakeholders. However, participation in the context of community based healthcare is particularly challenging due to busy and geographically distributed stakeholders. This study used action research to investigate what processes and methods were needed to successfully employ a participatory systems approach. Three participatory workshops planned and facilitated by method experts were held with 30 representative stakeholders...
May 16, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504631/-climate-change-floods-and-health-intervention
#16
Peter Furu, Siri Tellier, Lasse S Vestergaard
Climate change and variability are considered some of the biggest threats to human health in the 21st century. Extreme weather events such as floods and storms are examples of natural hazards resulting in highest number of disasters and with considerable mortality and morbidity among vulnerable communities. A coordinated, well-planned management of health interventions must be taken for timely action in the response, recovery, prevention and preparedness phases of disasters. Roles and responsibilities of international as well as national organizations and authorities are discussed...
May 15, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503947/recommendations-for-data-monitoring-committees-from-the-clinical-trials-transformation-initiative
#17
Karim A Calis, Patrick Archdeacon, Raymond Bain, David DeMets, Miriam Donohue, M Khair Elzarrad, Annemarie Forrest, John McEachern, Michael J Pencina, Jane Perlmutter, Roger J Lewis
Background/aims Use of data monitoring committees to oversee clinical trials was first proposed nearly 50 years ago. Since then, data monitoring committee use in clinical trials has increased and evolved. Nonetheless, there are no well-defined criteria for determining the need for a data monitoring committee, and considerable variability exists in data monitoring committee composition and conduct. To understand and describe the role and function of data monitoring committees, and establish best practices for data monitoring committee trial oversight, the Clinical Trials Transformation Initiative-a public-private partnership to improve clinical trials-launched a multi-stakeholder project...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503310/individual-capacity-building-approaches-in-a-global-pharmaceutical-systems-strengthening-program-a-selected-review
#18
Niranjan Konduri, Megan Rauscher, Shiou-Chu Judy Wang, Tanya Malpica-Llanos
BACKGROUND: Medicines use related challenges such as inadequate adherence, high levels of antimicrobial resistance and preventable adverse drug reactions have underscored the need to incorporate pharmaceutical services to help achieve desired treatment outcomes, and protect patients from inappropriate use of medicines. This situation is further constrained by insufficient numbers of pharmaceutical personnel and inappropriate skill mix. Studies have addressed individual capacity building approaches of logistics, supply chain or disease specific interventions but few have documented those involving such pharmacy assistants/professionals, or health workers/professionals charged with improving access and provision of pharmaceutical services...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502088/limited-impact-of-awareness-raising-campaigns-on-hepatitis-c-testing-practices-among-general-practitioners
#19
A McLeod, B L Cullen, S J Hutchinson, K M Roy, J F Dillon, E A Stewart, D J Goldberg
The global hepatitis strategy calls for increased effort to diagnose those infected, with a target of 90% diagnosed by 2030. Scotland's Action Plan on Hepatitis C included awareness-raising campaigns, undertaken during 2008-2011, to promote testing by General Practitioners. We examined HCV testing practice among general practitioners before and following these campaigns. Scottish general practitioners were surveyed, using Dillman's method, in 2007 and 2013; response rates were 69% and 60%, respectively. Most respondents offer testing when presented with a risk history (86% in 2007, 88% in 2013) but only one fifth actively sought out risk factors (19 in 2007, 21% in 2013)...
May 14, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501675/predicting-heavy-episodic-drinking-using-an-extended-temporal-self-regulation-theory
#20
Nicola Black, Barbara Mullan, Louise Sharpe
INTRODUCTION: Alcohol consumption contributes significantly to the global burden from disease and injury, and specific patterns of heavy episodic drinking contribute uniquely to this burden. Temporal self-regulation theory and the dual-process model describe similar theoretical constructs that might predict heavy episodic drinking. The aims of this study were to test the utility of temporal self-regulation theory in predicting heavy episodic drinking, and examine whether the theoretical relationships suggested by the dual-process model significantly extend temporal self-regulation theory...
April 28, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
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