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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654948/self-rated-communication-related-quality-of-life-of-individuals-with-oromandibular-dystonia-receiving-botulinum-toxin-injections
#1
Allyson D Page, Lauren Siegel, Mandar Jog
Purpose: In this preliminary study, we examined self-rated communication-related quality of life (CR-QoL) of 10 control participants and 10 individuals with oromandibular dystonia (OMD) and dysarthria receiving therapeutic botulinum toxin (BoNT-A) injections. Method: Participants with OMD and associated dysarthria self-rated CR-QoL pre- and post- BoNT-A injection using the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association's Quality of Communication Life Scale (ASHA QCL; Paul et al...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654721/comparative-evaluation-of-esthetic-changes-in-nonpitted-fluorosis-stains-when-treated-with-resin-infiltration-in-office-bleaching-and-combination-therapies
#2
Neeraj Gugnani, I K Pandit, Monika Gupta, Shalini Gugnani, Sugandhi Soni, Virender Goyal
OBJECTIVES: Dental fluorosis leads to esthetic deviation and varies from nonpitted white opacities, dark brown stains to pitting or structural breakdown of enamel surface. Treatment for fluorosis depends on the severity of condition and includes both noninvasive methods and invasive methods. Recently resin infiltration has been proposed as an alternative treatment for nonpitted fluorosis. This study was done to evaluate the esthetic changes in nonpitted fluorosis stains when treated with resin infiltration, in-office bleaching and combination therapies...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654610/what-s-new-in-syndromic-craniosynostosis-surgery
#3
Jesse A Taylor, Scott P Bartlett
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After studying this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Understand the role of prenatal screening and counseling of parents of unborn children with syndromic craniosynostosis. 2. Recognize the genetic abnormalities, craniofacial phenotype, associated anomalies, and challenges associated with each of the five major forms of syndromic craniosynostosis. 3. Identify the pros and cons associated with timing and types of cranial vault remodeling techniques in this patient population...
July 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654557/the-effectiveness-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-as-an-add-on-modality-to-graded-motor-imagery-for-treatment-of-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-a-randomized-proof-of-concept-study
#4
Émilie Lagueux, Michaël Bernier, Patricia Bourgault, Kevin Whittingstall, Catherine Mercier, Guillaume Léonard, Sarah Laroche, Yannick Tousignant-Laflamme
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of graded motor imagery (GMI) for the management of complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is supported by evidence, but its treatment effect remains generally modest. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been advocated as an adjunct intervention to enhance the effect of motor imagery approaches in pain populations. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of GMI+active tDCS compared to the GMI+sham tDCS in the treatment of CRPS type I...
June 16, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654474/excellence-in-promoting-participation-striving-for-the-10-cs-client-centered-care-consideration-of-complexity-collaboration-coaching-capacity-building-contextualization-creativity-community-curricular-changes-and-curiosity
#5
Lisa A Chiarello
Participation of children with physical disabilities is critical to optimizing their life roles and lived experiences. This perspective explores the complex and multidimensional construct of participation and presents recommendations for practice, education, and research to transform pediatric physical therapy service delivery. Two models are reviewed of participation-based service delivery grounded in client-centered care and the principles of coaching to engage clients in their rehabilitation. The roles and responsibilities of the physical therapist and the importance of team collaboration are emphasized...
July 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653682/advocating-for-vaccination-in-a-climate-of-science-denial
#6
Cornelia Betsch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 27, 2017: Nature Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653590/guinea-worm-from-robert-leiper-to-eradication
#7
Ahmed Tayeh, Sandy Cairncross, Francis E G Cox
Guinea worm disease, dracunculiasis or dracontiasis, is an ancient disease with records going back over 4500 years, but until the beginning of the 20th century, little was known about its life cycle, particularly how humans became infected. In 1905, Robert Thomas Leiper was sent by the British colonial authorities to West Africa to investigate the spread of Guinea worm disease and to recommend measures to prevent it. While carrying out his investigations, he made important contributions to the aetiology, epidemiology and public health aspects of Guinea worm disease and provided definitive answers to many outstanding questions...
June 27, 2017: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653513/-barriers-related-to-the-use-of-self-catheterization-preliminary-survey-of-perception-and-implications
#8
T Debugne, S Foucret, F Moissenet
INTRODUCTION: the use of clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) has been widely advocated after spinal cord injury. Nevertheless, implementing this technique remains problematic in practice; reasons for this reluctance range from lack of experience to availability of material. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 1. To identify a list of barriers related to the use of intermittent catheterization ; 2. To identify specific assessment tools in relation with these barriers ; 3...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653371/sculpting-computational-level-models
#9
Mark Blokpoel
In this commentary, I advocate for strict relations between Marr's levels of analysis. Under a strict relationship, each level is exactly implemented by the subordinate level. This yields two benefits. First, it brings consistency for multilevel explanations. Second, similar to how a sculptor chisels away superfluous marble, a modeler can chisel a computational-level model by applying constraints. By sculpting the model, one restricts the (potentially infinitely large) set of possible algorithmic- and implementational-level theories...
June 27, 2017: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653097/treatment-and-outcome-of-metastatic-paraganglioma-of-the-spine
#10
Qi Jia, Huabin Yin, Jian Yang, Zhipeng Wu, Wangjun Yan, Wang Zhou, Xinghai Yang, Jianru Xiao
BACKGROUND: Spinal metastatic paraganglioma (MPG) is rare and only reported in individual case reports. The low incidence makes it difficult to define appropriate therapy and prognosis. Our study illustrated the largest series to discuss the possible treatment and outcomes of patients with spinal MPG. METHODS: A retrospective study of 15 patients with spinal MPG who were surgically treated between 2005 and 2014 was performed. Three surgical modalities were applied, and radiotherapy and chemotherapy were utilized as adjuvant therapy...
June 26, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652999/management-of-colorectal-cancer-with-synchronous-liver-metastases-impact-of-multidisciplinary-case-conference-review
#11
Kerollos N Wanis, Karen Pineda-Solis, Mauro E Tun-Abraham, Jake Yeoman, Stephen Welch, Kelly Vogt, Julie Ann M Van Koughnett, Michael Ott, Roberto Hernandez-Alejandro
BACKGROUND: While no evidence exists to support mandatory multidisciplinary case conference (MCC) review for patients with synchronous colorectal cancer and liver metastases, this unique population may benefit greatly from multidisciplinary discussion. METHODS: We retrospectively identified patients who underwent liver resection with curative intent for colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) at a tertiary center between January 2008 and June 2015. The characteristics of patients discussed at a weekly regional MCC were examined, and the effect of MCC review on treatment approach was assessed...
June 2017: Hepatobiliary Surgery and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652821/hiv-risk-and-barriers-to-care-for-african-born-immigrant-women-a-sociocultural-outlook
#12
Olihe N Okoro, Shanasha O Whitson
BACKGROUND: Data from the Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report 2015 show that African-born (AB) women continue to be disproportionately affected by HIV. In 2015, these women accounted for more than half (54%) of all new cases of HIV reported among females in Minnesota and 34% of all known female cases in the state. This study was a needs assessment for HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in vulnerable subgroups within the AB population and adequacy of HIV care for AB persons...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652316/the-modified-jo-burg-technique-for-securing-intercostal-chest-drains
#13
Daniel J Ablett, L Navaratne, D Chua, C G Streets, N R M Tai
Insertion of an intercostal chest drain (ICD) is a common intervention in the management of either blunt or penetrating thoracic trauma. It is frequently performed by junior medical personnel as an emergency procedure during the initial resuscitation period and often within a stressful environment. Approximately one-fifth of all ICD insertions are associated with complications. In a retrospective review of over 1000 ICD insertions, 7% of the complications observed were due to inadequate fixation, resulting in dislodgement...
June 26, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651360/novel-reproductive-technologies-to-prevent-mitochondrial-disease
#14
Lyndsey Craven, Mao-Xing Tang, Gráinne S Gorman, Petra De Sutter, Björn Heindryckx
BACKGROUND: The use of nuclear transfer (NT) has been proposed as a novel reproductive treatment to overcome the transmission of maternally-inherited mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations. Pathogenic mutations in mtDNA can cause a wide-spectrum of life-limiting disorders, collectively known as mtDNA disease, for which there are currently few effective treatments and no known cures. The many unique features of mtDNA make genetic counselling challenging for women harbouring pathogenic mtDNA mutations but reproductive options that involve medical intervention are available that will minimize the risk of mtDNA disease in their offspring...
June 23, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651345/prioritizing-quality-measure-concepts-at-the-interface-of-behavioral-and-physical-healthcare
#15
Harold Alan Pincus, Mingjie Li, Deborah M Scharf, Brigitta Spaeth-Rublee, Matthew L Goldman, Parashar P Ramanuj, Erin K Ferenchick
Objective: Integrated healthcare models can increase access to care, improve healthcare quality, and reduce cost for individuals with behavioral and general medical healthcare needs, yet there are few instruments for measuring the quality of integrated care. In this study, we identified and prioritized concepts that can represent the quality of integrated behavioral health and general medical care. Design: We conducted a literature review to identify candidate measure concepts...
June 23, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651112/secondary-harm-mitigation-a-more-humanitarian-framework-for-international-drug-law-enforcement
#16
Jarrett Blaustein, Miki McLay, Jude McCulloch
This article introduces the concept of 'secondary harm mitigation' as a framework for improving the humanitarian credentials of international drug law enforcement agencies. The concept is rooted in a critical analysis of the compatibility of the harm reduction philosophy with Australia's international drug law enforcement practices. On a utilitarian level, the net benefits of international drug law enforcement are determined to be, at best inconclusive, arguably counterproductive and in most cases, incalculable...
June 23, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650843/can-canmeds-competencies-be-developed-in-medical-school-anatomy-laboratories-a-literature-review
#17
REVIEW
Joshua Hefler, Christopher J Ramnanan
Objectives: The purpose of this literature review was to identify potential ways in which undergraduate medical anatomy education may be relevant to the CanMEDS Roles, a competency-based framework used throughout Canadian medical training. Methods: A scoping review of medical education literature was conducted in March 2017 for English language publications that included key words related to anatomy education and to key competencies formally described for each of the Roles in the CanMEDS 2015 framework...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649869/hivr4p-2016-partnering-for-prevention-conference-summary-and-highlights
#18
Barbara L Shacklett, Cynthia A Derdeyn, Morenike Oluwatoyin Folayan, Raphael Landovitz, Colin Anthony, Anna-Janina Behrens, Thomas Hope, Elise Landais, Lorna Leal, Jeanne M Marrazzo, Lynn Morris, Nelly Mugo, Kenneth Ngure, Veronica Noseda, Srinika Ranasinghe, Damien C Tully, Yegor Voronin, Mitchell Warren, Constantinos Kurt Wibmer, Irene Y Xie, Gabriella Scarlatti, Bargavi Thyagarajan
HIV Research for Prevention: AIDS Vaccine, Microbicide and ARV-based Prevention Science (HIVR4P) was built upon a growing consensus that effective HIV prevention requires a combination of approaches and that understanding, analyzing and debating the cross-cutting issues that impact prevention research are all essential to combat the global HIV/AIDS epidemic. To that end, the biennial HIVR4P conference is dedicated to all biomedical HIV prevention research approaches, including HIV vaccines, microbicides, PrEP and treatment as prevention...
June 24, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649638/a-cubesat-centrifuge-for-long-duration-milligravity-research
#19
REVIEW
Erik Asphaug, Jekan Thangavelautham, Andrew Klesh, Aman Chandra, Ravi Nallapu, Laksh Raura, Mercedes Herreras-Martinez, Stephen Schwartz
We advocate a low-cost strategy for long-duration research into the 'milligravity' environment of asteroids, comets and small moons, where surface gravity is a vector field typically less than 1/1000 the gravity of Earth. Unlike the microgravity environment of space, there is a directionality that gives rise, over time, to strangely familiar geologic textures and landforms. In addition to advancing planetary science, and furthering technologies for hazardous asteroid mitigation and in situ resource utilization, simplified access to long-duration milligravity offers significant potential for advancing human spaceflight, biomedicine and manufacturing...
2017: NPJ Microgravity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649627/from-the-bench-to-exploration-medicine-nasa-life-sciences-translational-research-for-human-exploration-and-habitation-missions
#20
Joshua S Alwood, April E Ronca, Richard C Mains, Mark J Shelhamer, Jeffrey D Smith, Thomas J Goodwin
NASA's Space Biology and Human Research Program entities have recently spearheaded communications both internally and externally to coordinate the agency's translational research efforts. In this paper, we strongly advocate for translational research at NASA, provide recent examples of NASA sponsored early-stage translational research, and discuss options for a path forward. Our overall objective is to help in stimulating a collaborative research across multiple disciplines and entities that, working together, will more effectively and more rapidly achieve NASA's goals for human spaceflight...
2017: NPJ Microgravity
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