keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Advocate

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538918/mental-health-care-for-brazilian-juvenile-offenders
#1
Nilson do Rosário Costa, Paulo Roberto Fagundes da Silva
This paper analyzes the use of psychoactive drugs by juvenile offenders in Brazil in socio-educational facilities (USEs). It describes the guidelines of the national public policy and the quality of mental healthcare coordination by subnational public governments. This work draws on the hypothesis that USEs vertical governance is associated with the use of psychoactive medication. This is comparative study of two cases in Rio Grande do Sul and Minas Gerais. Data resulted from a sample of medical records and interviews with key informants...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538561/is-rotation-a-concern-with-anatomical-breast-implants-a-statistical-analysis-of-factors-predisposing-to-rotation
#2
Paolo Montemurro, Athanasios Papas, Per Hedén
BACKGROUND: Since their introduction in 1993, anatomical implants have provided a more natural appearance in breast augmentation, and many surgeons advocate their use and promote the good aesthetic results. However, the risk of implant rotation makes some of them reluctant to use these devices. The rotation rate varies among authors. METHODS: The authors present a 6.5-year series of 531 patients who underwent primary breast augmentation with macrotextured anatomical implants in a Swedish facility performed by one consultant surgeon (P...
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537796/coping-with-stress-as-an-lgbtq-healthcare-professional
#3
Michele J Eliason, Carl Streed, Michael Henne
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and other sexual/gender minority (LGBTQ+) healthcare providers face both general work-related stresses and working in heteronormative settings with ill-informed or hostile coworkers and patients, yet there has been little study of whether the coping strategies are specific to LGBTQ+ stress. We analyzed qualitative data from 277 healthcare professionals. Sources of stress included religiously and politically conservative coworkers, coworker/patient lack of knowledge, stresses of closeted, and concerns about being out to patients...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535286/invited-commentary-is-strenuous-activity-good-for-you-the-legacy-of-ralph-paffenbarger
#4
Lewis H Kuller
Ralph Paffenbarger, Jr, MD, DrPH (1922-2007), was initially trained as an infectious disease epidemiologist at the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health (now the Bloomberg School of Public Health). He was the first Epidemiology Intelligence Service officer in the first Epidemiology Intelligence Service class. He joined the National Heart Institute (now the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute) in its very early days and later became a faculty member at Stanford University and Harvard University...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535105/the-importance-of-economic-perspective-and-quantitative-approaches-in-oncology-value-frameworks-of-drug-selection-and-shared-decision-making
#5
A Reginald Waldeck, Marc F Botteman, Richard E White, Ben A van Hout
The debate around value in oncology drug selection has been prominent in recent years, and several professional bodies have furthered this debate by advocating for so-called value frameworks. Herein, we provide a viewpoint on these value frameworks, emphasizing the need to consider 4 key aspects: (1) the economic underpinnings of value; (2) the importance of the perspective adopted in the valuation; (3) the importance of the difference between absolute and relative measures of risk and measuring patient preferences; and (4) the recognition of multiple quality-of-life (QoL) domains, and the aggregation and valuation of those domains, through utilities within a multicriteria decision analysis, may allow prioritization of QoL above the tallying of safety events, particularly in a value framework focusing on the individual patient...
June 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533994/infective-endocarditis-presenting-as-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-an-appeal-for-caution
#6
Talal Asif, Amena Mohiuddin, Badar Hasan, Amgad Masoud
Spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) as the presenting feature of infective endocarditis (IE) is rare. It has classically been described in association with the rupture of intracranial mycotic aneurysms (ICMA). Here we describe a very rare case of non-aneurysmal spontaneous SAH in a patient with IE. The patient originally presented with a headache and low-grade fever. Neuroimaging including computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the head revealed SAH. She was eventually diagnosed with streptococcus gallolyticus (formerly streptococcus bovis) IE...
April 19, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533985/metabarcoding-monitoring-analysis-the-pros-and-cons-of-using-co-extracted-environmental-dna-and-rna-data-to-assess-offshore-oil-production-impacts-on-benthic-communities
#7
Olivier Laroche, Susanna A Wood, Louis A Tremblay, Gavin Lear, Joanne I Ellis, Xavier Pochon
Sequencing environmental DNA (eDNA) is increasingly being used as an alternative to traditional morphological-based identification to characterize biological assemblages and monitor anthropogenic impacts in marine environments. Most studies only assess eDNA which, compared to eRNA, can persist longer in the environment after cell death. Therefore, eRNA may provide a more immediate census of the environment due to its relatively weaker stability, leading some researchers to advocate for the use of eRNA as an additional, or perhaps superior proxy for portraying ecological changes...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533914/the-influence-of-a-healthy-welcoming-environment-on-participation-in-club-sport-by-adolescent-girls-a-longitudinal-study
#8
M M Casey, R M Eime, J T Harvey, N A Sawyer, M J Craike, C M Symons, W R Payne
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the perceived influence of a Healthy Welcoming Environment (HWE) on participation in sports clubs among adolescent girls, and how these perceptions changed longitudinally. HWE was defined in terms of a set of health promotion policies advocated by a health promotion foundation as the basis of sport club health promotion practice to promote structural reform in state sporting organisations and their affiliated associations and clubs. These included sports injury prevention, smoke-free, responsible serving of alcohol, sun protection, healthy eating, and welcoming and inclusive environments...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533828/evaluation-of-preference-and-purpose-of-utilisation-of-cone-beam-computed-tomography-cbct-compared-to-orthopantomogram-opg-by-dental-practitioners-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Komali Garlapati, D B Gandhi Babu, Nallan C S K Chaitanya, Harika Guduru, Anusha Rembers, Pratima Soni
BACKGROUND: Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) has become a reliable adjunctive tool for both diagnosis and treatment planning in the field of dentistry. There are numerous advantages of CBCT over 2D imaging techniques (OPG). There is a need to evaluate the changing trend of preference and purpose of utilisation of these imaging modalities by dental practitioners. This study was carried out to evaluate and compare the purpose and preference of utilisation of CBCT and OPG by various dental practitioners in their clinical practice...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533552/physical-activity-for-paediatric-rheumatic-diseases-standing-up-against-old-paradigms
#10
REVIEW
Bruno Gualano, Eloisa Bonfa, Rosa M R Pereira, Clovis A Silva
Over the past 50 years it has become clear that physical inactivity is associated with chronic disease risk. For several rheumatic diseases, bed rest was traditionally advocated as the best treatment, but several levels of evidence support the imminent paradigm shift from the prescription of bed rest to physical activity in individuals with paediatric rheumatic diseases, in particular juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, juvenile fibromyalgia, and juvenile dermatomyositis. Increasing levels of physical activity can alleviate several symptoms experienced by patients with paediatric rheumatic diseases, such as low aerobic fitness, pain, fatigue, muscle weakness and poor health-related quality of life...
May 23, 2017: Nature Reviews. Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533460/what-maintains-signal-honesty-in-animal-colour-displays-used-in-mate-choice
#11
REVIEW
Ryan J Weaver, Rebecca E Koch, Geoffrey E Hill
Many of the colour displays of animals are proposed to have evolved in response to female mate choice for honest signals of quality, but such honest signalling requires mechanisms to prevent cheating. The most widely accepted and cited mechanisms for ensuring signal honesty are based on the costly signalling hypothesis, which posits that costs associated with ornamentation prevent low-quality males from being highly ornamented. Alternatively, by the index hypothesis, honesty can be achieved via cost-free mechanisms if ornament production is causally linked to core physiological pathways...
July 5, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533256/mary-tyler-moore-1936-2017-diabetes-educator-and-advocate
#12
Mark A Atkinson, Concepcion R Nierras
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533154/preconception-and-prenatal-genetic-counselling
#13
REVIEW
Adonis S Ioannides
Identifying individuals at risk of having children affected by genetic conditions or congenital anomalies allows counselling that aims to inform reproductive decisions. This process takes place either at the preconception or early prenatal stage, although more options are available if risks are identified before the pregnancy. Preconception counselling covers issues that can affect the health of the mother and baby including folic acid supplementation. Carrier screening for autosomal recessive diseases, such as beta thalassaemia, has resulted in a significantly reduced incidence in many countries...
April 21, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533080/influenza-vaccination-for-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-implications-for-pharmacists
#14
Rasha M Arabyat, Dennis W Raisch, Ludmila Bakhireva
BACKGROUND: Influenza virus is responsible for substantial morbidity and mortality. Specific populations are at higher risk for exacerbations from influenza virus, such as patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Influenza vaccination coverage among COPD patients is low. Pharmacists can improve influenza vaccination among COPD patients by recognizing factors that influence vaccination and addressing these factors. OBJECTIVES: To (1) determine the recent influenza vaccination coverage among patients with COPD, (2) identify factors that were associated with immunization, and (3) interpret the results based upon Andersen's healthcare utilization model...
February 24, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532894/-spanish-adaptation-of-the-2016-european-guidelines-on-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-in-clinical-practice
#15
Miguel Ángel Royo-Bordonada, Pedro Armario, José María Lobos Bejarano, Juan Pedro-Botet, Fernando Villar Álvarez, Roberto Elosua, Carlos Brotons Cuixart, Olga Cortés, Benilde Serrano, Miguel Camafort Babkowski, Antonio Gil Núñez, Antonio Pérez, Antonio Maiques, Ana de Santiago Nocito, Almudena de Castro, Eduardo Alegría, Ciro Baeza, María Herranz, Susana Sans, Pilar Campos
The VI European Guidelines for Cardiovascular Prevention recommend combining population and high-risk strategies with lifestyle changes as a cornerstone of prevention, and propose the SCORE function to quantify cardiovascular risk. The guidelines highlight disease specific interventions, and conditions as women, young people and ethnic minorities. Screening for subclinical atherosclerosis with noninvasive imaging techniques is not recommended. The guidelines distinguish four risk levels (very high, high, moderate and low) with therapeutic objectives for lipid control according to risk...
May 19, 2017: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532649/condom-availability-in-schools-a-practical-approach-to-the-prevention-of-sexually-transmitted-infection-hiv-and-unintended-pregnancy
#16
(no author information available yet)
Adolescents and young adults are highly impacted by sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and unplanned pregnancy in the United States and globally. Consistent and correct use of male latex condoms is associated with protection against both STIs and pregnancy. Providing adolescents and young adults with access to free condoms in schools may increase the use of condoms by improving condom availability, eliminating cost, and decreasing embarrassment associated with purchasing condoms. Studies demonstrate that condom availability in schools is associated with the increased use of condoms and improved overall sexual health...
June 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532474/detection-of-ikk%C3%AE%C2%B5-by-immunohistochemistry-in-primary-breast-cancer-association-with-egfr-expression-and-absence-of-lymph-node-metastasis
#17
Virginie Williams, Andrée-Anne Grosset, Natalia Zamorano Cuervo, Yves St-Pierre, Marie-Pierre Sylvestre, Louis Gaboury, Nathalie Grandvaux
BACKGROUND: IKKε is an oncogenic kinase that was found amplified and overexpressed in a substantial percentage of human breast cancer cell lines and primary tumors using genomic and gene expression analyses. Molecular studies have provided the rational for a key implication of IKKε in breast cancer cells proliferation and invasiveness through the phosphorylation of several substrates. METHODS: Here, we performed immunohistochemical detection of IKKε expression on tissue microarrays constituted of 154 characterized human breast cancer tumors...
May 22, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532343/a-suicide-research-agenda-for-people-from-immigrant-and-refugee-backgrounds
#18
Erminia Colucci, Lay San Too, Harry Minas
The aim of this study was to establish mental health and suicide research priorities for people from immigrant and refugee background in Australia. This paper focuses on the data relevant to the development of the suicide research agenda. This study was conducted using Delphi consensus method with two rounds of online questionnaires. A total of 138 and 86 participants, respectively, completed the first and second rounds of survey. Participants were policy makers, service providers, academics, service users and carer advocates in Australia with expertise in mental health and/or suicide among people from immigrant and refugee backgrounds...
May 22, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532304/producing-hiv-estimates-from-global-advocacy-to-country-planning-and-impact-measurement
#19
Mary Mahy, Tim Brown, John Stover, Neff Walker, Karen Stanecki, Wilford Kirungi, Txema Garcia-Calleja, Peter D Ghys
BACKGROUND: The development of global HIV estimates has been critical for understanding, advocating for and funding the HIV response. The process of generating HIV estimates has been cited as the gold standard for public health estimates. OBJECTIVE: This paper provides important lessons from an international scientific collaboration and provides a useful model for those producing public health estimates in other fields. DESIGN: Through the compilation and review of published journal articles, United Nations reports, other documents and personal experience we compiled historical information about the estimates and identified potential lessons for other public health estimation efforts...
January 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531453/protected-time-for-nutrition-support-teams-what-are-the-benefits
#20
Guilherme D Ceniccola, Wilma M C Araújo, Ione de Brito-Ashurst, Henrique B Abreu, Rita de C Akutsu
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Nutrition support teams (NSTs) are important and unique entities in acute care hospitals. Despite their utility, NSTs are lacking in the majority of hospitals worldwide and where they exist, most members only spend a fraction of their time working within that role. We aim to evaluate the effect of protected time on NST performance by assessing the influence of structure and process in NST activities. METHODS: All large public hospitals (>250 beds) in the Brazilian Federal District were evaluated with a structured questionnaire designed to assess NST performance...
December 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
keyword
keyword
25530
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"