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Quality improvement education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161530/family-centered-breastfeeding-education-to-promote-primiparas-exclusive-breastfeeding-in-china
#1
Jian Ke, Yan-Qiong Ouyang, Sharon R Redding
BACKGROUND: Few breastfeeding education programs focus on primiparas and the importance of family members on exclusive breastfeeding in China. Research aim: This study aimed to explore the influence of a family-centered breastfeeding education program in promoting exclusive breastfeeding up to 6 months postpartum and to improve women's attitude and knowledge, family members' knowledge, and family support. METHODS: This was a two-group quasi-experimental design with multiple comparisons...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161471/peer-to-peer-mentoring-for-african-american-women-with-lupus-a-feasibility-pilot
#2
Edith M Williams, J Madison Hyer, Ramakrishnan Viswanathan, Trevor D Faith, Delia Voronca, Mulugeta Gebregzaibher, Jim C Oates, Leonard Egede
OBJECTIVE: To examine the feasibility and potential benefits of peer mentoring to improve the disease self-management and quality of life of individuals with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Peer mentors were trained and paired with up to three mentees to receive self-management education and support by telephone over 12 weeks. This study took place at an academic teaching hospital in Charleston, South Carolina. Seven quads consisting of one peer mentor and three mentees were matched based on factors such as age, area of residence, marital and work status...
November 21, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161386/to-err-is-human-use-of-simulation-to-enhance-training-and-patient-safety-in-anaesthesia
#3
H Higham, B Baxendale
Human beings who work in complex, dynamic, and stressful situations make mistakes. This is as true for anaesthetists as for any other health-care professional, but we face unique challenges in the many roles and responsibilities we have in diverse clinical contexts. As a profession, we are well versed in the development and utilization of improvement techniques and technologies that prioritize high-quality, safe care for patients. This article focuses on one particular domain of patient safety in which anaesthetists have been pre-eminent, the use of simulation in training to improve both professional capabilities and patient safety in anaesthetic practice...
December 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160964/examining-depression-in-patients-on-dialysis
#4
Allison A Treadwell
This study measured the prevalence of depression in 39 patients on hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis in two urban outpatient facilities in the southeastern United States. Additionally, it evaluated the number of patients who sought and scheduled a mental health evaluation after screening and education. The prevalence of mild to severely depressed individuals among participants in this study was 36%, affirming previous findings of depressive symptoms in the ESRD population. Results suggest that patients with ESRD are at a higher risk for depression than the general population...
July 2017: Nephrology Nursing Journal: Journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160655/quality-of-life-and-adherence-in-liver-transplant-recipients
#5
Patrizia Burra, Alberto Ferrarese, Giuseppe Feltrin
The assessment of Quality of Life (QoL) after transplantation represents an ancillary tool to evaluate the efficacy of solid organ transplantation, in addition to graft and patient survival rates and complication. The global assessment of QoL after transplantation usually confirms the improvement when compared to pre-transplant setting. However, whereas significant improvement in physical activity has been widely reported, several studies have demonstrated that social domain and cognitive function do not reach the level of general population after surgery...
November 21, 2017: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158228/stigma-experienced-by-children-and-adolescents-with-obesity
#6
Stephen J Pont, Rebecca Puhl, Stephen R Cook, Wendelin Slusser
The stigmatization of people with obesity is widespread and causes harm. Weight stigma is often propagated and tolerated in society because of beliefs that stigma and shame will motivate people to lose weight. However, rather than motivating positive change, this stigma contributes to behaviors such as binge eating, social isolation, avoidance of health care services, decreased physical activity, and increased weight gain, which worsen obesity and create additional barriers to healthy behavior change. Furthermore, experiences of weight stigma also dramatically impair quality of life, especially for youth...
November 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157872/effects-of-health-education-intervention-on-negative-emotion-and-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-laryngeal-cancer-after-postoperative-radiotherapy
#7
J Han, H Nian, Z-Y Zheng, M-M Zhao, D Xu, C Wang
PURPOSE: The study aimed to explore and analyze the effects of health education intervention on patients with laryngeal cancer and evaluate negative emotions and quality of life after receiving postoperative radiotherapy. Furthermore the relationship between health education intervention methods and its correlation to complications and relapse rates require greater understanding. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with aryngeal cancer receiving surgery and postoperative radiotherapy were randomly divided into observation and control groups...
November 17, 2017: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157588/sleep-spindles-may-predict-response-to-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-chronic-insomnia
#8
Thien Thanh Dang-Vu, Benjamin Hatch, Ali Salimi, Melodee Mograss, Soufiane Boucetta, Jordan O'Byrne, Marie Brandewinder, Christian Berthomier, Jean-Philippe Gouin
BACKGROUND: While cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia constitutes the first-line treatment for chronic insomnia, only few reports have investigated how sleep architecture relates to response to this treatment. In this pilot study, we aimed to determine whether pre-treatment sleep spindle density predicts treatment response to cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia. METHODS: Twenty-four participants with chronic primary insomnia participated in a 6-week cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia performed in groups of 4-6 participants...
November 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157301/family-support-discrimination-and-quality-of-life-among-art-treated-hiv-infected-patients-a-two-year-study-in-china
#9
Jun-Fang Xu, Zhong-Qiang Ming, Yu-Qian Zhang, Pei-Cheng Wang, Jun Jing, Feng Cheng
BACKGROUND: By September 2016, approximately 653,865 people in China were living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) and 492,725 people were receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART). PLWHA frequently experience discrimination in all domains of their personal and social lives. The World Health Organization includes discrimination in its list of social determinants of health factors that have been linked to poor physical and psychological health. This paper identifies the family support enjoyed and discrimination faced by people infected with HIV and examines the effect they have on patients' quality of life (QOL) as they undergo ART in China...
November 21, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157274/evaluating-implementation-of-the-world-health-organization-s-strategic-approach-to-strengthening-sexual-and-reproductive-health-policies-and-programs-to-address-unintended-pregnancy-and-unsafe-abortion
#10
Shusmita Rashid, Julia E Moore, Caitlyn Timmings, Joshua P Vogel, Bela Ganatra, Dina N Khan, Radha Sayal, A Metin Gülmezoglu, Sharon E Straus
BACKGROUND: We conducted a process evaluation to assess how the World Health Organization's (WHO) Strategic Approach to strengthening sexual and reproductive health policies and programs ("the SA") was used in 15 countries that requested WHO's technical support in addressing unintended pregnancy and unsafe abortion. The SA is a three-stage planning, policy, and program implementation process. We used the social ecological model (SEM) to analyze the contextual factors that influenced SA implementation...
November 21, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157148/implementation-of-clinical-pharmacy-services-in-an-academic-oncology-practice-in-india
#11
Himanshu Patel, Parthasarathi Gurumurthy
Objective This study was conducted to investigate medication-related problems after implementation of clinical pharmacy services at a speciality oncology care setting. Methods It was a prospective interventional study conducted for a period of three years at a private academic oncology care setting. Paper-based medical records and medication orders were reviewed and patients and care givers were interviewed to understand the treatment plan. All the medication-related problems were identified by clinical pharmacists by performing drug therapy review...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156921/sexual-healthcare-for-cancer-patients-receiving-palliative-care-a-narrative-review
#12
Katie Wang, Krista Ariello, Matthew Choi, Angela Turner, Bo Angela Wan, Caitlin Yee, Leigha Rowbottom, Rachel Macdonald, Henry Lam, Leah Drost, Edward Chow
Palliative care aims to improve quality of life (QoL) for patients and families and does so by addressing issues not limited to pathology, but other symptoms that may be debilitating to patient experience and QoL. Despite sexual health being an important aspect of life for many patients, it is often omitted in clinical practice. This review summarizes published primary studies to explore the prevalence and importance of incorporating sexual health in the symptom screening and assessments of palliative patients, to identify current interventions that are implemented to address sexual health issues, and identify the barriers that health care professionals (HCPs) and patients may encounter which may prevent sexual health discussions...
November 15, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156918/challenges-and-ethical-issues-in-the-course-of-palliative-care-management-for-people-living-with-advanced-neurologic-diseases
#13
Varun Sreenivasan, Christa O'Hana S Nobleza
In the recent years, there has been an increase in awareness with regards to the role of palliative care (PC) in management of neurologic diseases. In 1996, the need to incorporate PC in the care for patients with neurologic conditions was recognized by the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) Ethics and Humanities Subcommittee. The gaps in research, education and the ability to deliver adequate PC were then acknowledged by the National Academy of Sciences with their publication of "Approaching death: improving care at the end of life" and most recently, continued goals in improving PC was highlighted by another recent publication "Dying in America: improving quality and honoring individual preferences near the end of life"...
October 19, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156900/implementation-of-an-advance-directive-focus-in-a-chronic-multi-organ-rare-disease-clinic
#14
Nancy Elorreaga, Deanna Allred, Gloria Ortiz, Constance McNeill, Mary Beth Scholand, Tracy M Frech
BACKGROUND: Education about an advance directive is frequently not addressed in the outpatient, ambulatory care setting. The objective of this study was to identify patients that do not have an advance directive in a Chronic Multi-Organ Rare Disease Clinic model, and define the role of a social worker in providing advance care planning (ACP). METHODS: The Chronic Multi-Organ Rare Disease Clinic in-corporates a multi-disciplinary team to provide outpatient care to over 600 patients...
August 31, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156647/effects-of-nutritional-interventions-during-pregnancy-on-infant-and-child-cognitive-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Rachael M Taylor, Shanna M Fealy, Alessandra Bisquera, Roger Smith, Clare E Collins, Tiffany-Jane Evans, Alexis J Hure
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have demonstrated that folate, iodine and iron intake during pregnancy impacts on foetal brain development and cognitive function. However, in human studies, the relationship with other dietary nutrients is less clear. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aims to critically appraise the current literature and meta-analyses results from nutritional interventions during pregnancy that aimed to optimise infant and child cognitive outcomes...
November 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156108/optimizing-quality-of-dental-carving-by-preclinical-dental-students-through-anatomy-theory-reinforcement
#16
Renato A de Azevedo, Marcos B Correa, Marcos A Torriani, Rafael G Lund
Knowledge of dental anatomy is of great importance in the practice of dentistry, especially in oral rehabilitation, because without this knowledge, professional practice is not possible. Dental carving plays a major role in training dental students as it develops their manual dexterity. This randomized controlled trial aimed to evaluate the influence of didactic-theoretical reinforcement on the theoretical and practical knowledge of dental anatomy of preclinical students by examining the quality of the anatomical restorations performed by these students before and after a didactic-theoretical reinforcement...
November 20, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155956/associations-between-parental-ses-and-children-s-health-related-quality-of-life-the-role-of-objective-and-subjective-social-status
#17
Kay W Kim, Jan L Wallander, Melissa Peskin, Paula Cuccaro, Marc N Elliott, Mark A Schuster
Objective: We examined (1) the relationship that parental objective social status (OSS) and subjective social status (SSS) have with children's health-related quality of life (HRQOL), (2) whether SSS mediates the association between OSS and HRQOL, and (3) whether these associations differ among Black, Latino, and White children. Method: Data came from 4,824 Black, Latino, and White 5th graders in the Healthy PassagesTM study. OSS was measured as parent educational attainment and net equivalent household income...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154527/water-quality-survey-of-splash-pads-after-a-waterborne-salmonellosis-outbreak-tennessee-2014
#18
Joshua L Clayton, Judy Manners, Susan Miller, Craig Shepherd, John R Dunn, William Schaffner, Timothy F Jones
Waterborne outbreaks of salmonellosis are uncommon. The Tennessee Department of Health investigated a salmonellosis outbreak of 10 cases with the only common risk factor being exposure to a single splash pad. Risks included water splashed in the face at the splash pad and no free residual chlorine in the water system. We surveyed water quality and patron behaviors at splash pads statewide. Of the 29 splash pads participating in the water quality survey, 24 (83%) used a recirculating water system. Of the 24, 5 (21%) water samples were tested by polymerase chain reaction and found to be positive for E...
June 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154005/levers-supporting-tariff-growth-for-water-services-evidence-from-a-contingent-valuation-analysis
#19
Andrea Guerrini, Vania Vigolo, Giulia Romano, Federico Testa
The backwardness of the water utilities sector necessitates urgent investment in infrastructure to improve water quality and efficiency in water supply networks. A policy of tariff growth represents the main source to sustain such investments. Therefore, customer engagement in the form of willingness to pay (WTP) is highly desirable by water utilities to obtain social legitimization and support. This study examines the determinants of consumers' WTP for improvement programs for three drinking water issues: quality of water sources, renewal of water mains, and building of new wastewater treatment plants...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153982/factors-associated-with-women-s-perception-of-and-satisfaction-with-quality-of-intrapartum-care-practices-in-swaziland
#20
Dumsile Innocentia Gamedze-Mshayisa, Su-Chen Kuo, Chieh-Yu Liu, Yu-Ying Lu
OBJECTIVE: giving birth is a lifetime event, where the quality of care a woman receives has the potential to affect her or her baby both physically and emotionally either on a short-term or long-term basis. This study aimed at identifying factors associated with women's perception of and satisfaction with the quality of intrapartum care as well as their future loyalty intentions in two regional hospitals in Swaziland. METHODS: this is a correlational study where data were collected from 383 women conveniently selected from two regional hospitals where they gave birth...
October 18, 2017: Midwifery
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