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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100247/the-evolution-of-the-medical-workforce-in-cape-verde-since-independence-in-1975
#1
A P Delgado, A C Tolentino, P Ferrinho
BACKGROUND: Cape Verdean doctors have always graduated abroad. The first experience of pre-graduate medical education in Cape Verde begun in October 2015. Counting how many doctors Cape Verde has, knowing who they are, and knowing how they are distributed are very important to help fine-tune the medical training. The aim of this study is to analyze the evolution of the medical workforce in Cape Verde to support medical education implementation. METHODS: Secondary data on doctors, from July 1975 until December 2014, collected from the Ministry of Health, were entered into an SPSS 20 database and studied by a simple descriptive statistical analysis...
January 18, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096031/the-effect-of-nurse-led-care-on-stability-time-in-therapeutic-range-of-inr-in-ischemic-stroke-patients-receiving-warfarin
#2
Mina Amiri, Marzieh Kargar, Afshin Borhanihaghighi, Fahimeh Soltani, Najafe Zare
PURPOSE: The current study is designed in order to investigate the effect of nurse-led care (the supportive and educational measurements by nurses) on stability time in therapeutic range of INR in ischemic stroke patients receiving Warfarin. METHOD: In this quasi-experimental study, 80 ischemic stroke patients were investigated, 40 patients in experimental group and 40 in the control group referred to the nurse-based warfarin clinics affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095068/impact-of-telepharmacy-services-as-a-way-to-increase-access-to-asthma-care
#3
Wendy Brown, David Scott, Daniel Friesner, Tara Schmitz
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate that real-time, telepharmacy-based asthma educational services are feasible and support the efforts of local primary care prescribers to improve patient outcomes. METHODS: The lead investigator [a pharmacist, physician assistant and certified asthma educator] identified an independent community pharmacy with telehealth capabilities in a rural area with a high prevalence of asthma. Working with the pharmacy, an asthma education program was developed based on the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program guidelines...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094089/use-of-emergency-medical-transport-and-impact-on-time-to-care-in-patients-with-ischaemic-stroke
#4
A Olascoaga Arrate, M M Freijo Guerrero, C Fernández Maiztegi, I Azkune Calle, R Silvariño Fernández, M Fernández Rodríguez, P Vazquez Naveira, A Anievas Elena, I Iturraspe González, Y Pérez Díez, R Ruiz Fernández
INTRODUCTION: According to numerous studies, using emergency medical services (EMS) to transport stroke patients to hospitals decreases diagnostic and treatment delays. OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency of use of EMS by stroke patients in Bizkaia (Spain), analyse the factors associated with using EMS, and study the impact of EMS on time to care. METHODS: We gathered data from 545 patients hospitalised for acute ischaemic stroke and recruited consecutively...
January 13, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094072/survey-on-graduate-education-in-the-confederaci%C3%A3-n-americana-de-urolog%C3%A3-a-opinions-and-reality
#5
J C Angulo, H Dávila, R Vela
OBJECTIVE: Quality graduate medical training is a concern of Confederación Americana de Urología (CAU), the third largest urological society worldwide. It is important to analyse the diversity in the state training programmes and the feasibility and implications of conducting a common CAU programme. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A 20-item questionnaire was distributed to the directors of national societies who are members of the CAU concerning the graduate urological training in their institutions...
January 13, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093628/perioperative-patient-education-improves-long-term-satisfaction-rates-of-low-risk-prostate-cancer-patients-after-radical-prostatectomy
#6
Alexander Kretschmer, Alexander Buchner, Markus Grabbert, Anne Sommer, Annika Herlemann, Christian G Stief, Ricarda M Bauer
PURPOSE: To evaluate patient-reported functional outcomes after radical prostatectomy (RP) and to analyse the effect of perioperative patient education on satisfaction rates among low-risk prostate cancer patients. METHODS: Inclusion criteria encompassed low-risk prostate cancer patients as defined by the D'Amico criteria, undergoing nerve-sparing RP without pelvic lymph node dissection. Patient-centred functional outcomes, subjective evaluation of perioperative counselling, and patient satisfaction rates were documented...
January 16, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090345/electronically-captured-patient-reported-physical-function-an-important-vital-sign-in-obesity-medicine
#7
J Fleming, G C Wood, C Seiler, A Cook, M R Lent, C D Still, P N Benotti, B A Irving
OBJECTIVES: Impaired physical function (i.e., inability to walk 200 feet, climb a flight of stairs or perform activities of daily living) predicts poor clinical outcomes and adversely impacts medical and surgical weight management. However, routine assessment physical function is seldom performed clinically. The PROMIS Physical Function Short Form 20a (SF-20a) is a validated questionnaire for assessing patient reported physical function, which includes published T-score percentiles adjusted for gender, age and education...
December 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089522/the-impact-of-medication-synchronization-on-quality-care-criteria-in-an-independent-community-pharmacy
#8
Jessica L Hinson, Gretchen K Garofoli, Betsy M Elswick
OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of a comprehensive medication synchronization program in an independent community pharmacy by (1) evaluating changes in Electronic Quality Improvement Platform for Plans and Pharmacies (EQuIPP) scores and (2) examining the change in monthly prescription volume. SETTING: Independent community pharmacy in Morgantown, WV. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Waterfront Family Pharmacy is a single-location independent community pharmacy located in Morgantown, WV...
January 11, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087958/the-teaching-of-trauma-management-in-undergraduate-medical-education
#9
S K Lum, T Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: The teaching of trauma in medical schools faces many educational and logistic challenges. Issues on what to teach, how to teach, when to teach, who will teach and whether medical students with insufficient exposure to clinical medicine can benefit from a trauma course are unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A well-designed one day intensive trauma course concentrating on the primary survey was taught to semester seven and semester eight students by a multi-disciplinary team comprising of surgeons, anaesthetists, emergency physicians and trained medical officers...
December 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087402/accuracy-is-in-the-eyes-of-the-pathologist-the-visual-interpretive-process-and-diagnostic-accuracy-with-digital-whole-slide-images
#10
Tad T Brunyé, Ezgi Mercan, Donald L Weaver, Joann G Elmore
Digital whole slide imaging is an increasingly common medium in pathology, with application to education, telemedicine, and rendering second opinions. It has also made it possible to use eye tracking devices to explore the dynamic visual inspection and interpretation of histopathological features of tissue while pathologists review cases. Using whole slide images, the present study examined how a pathologist's diagnosis is influenced by fixed case-level factors, their prior clinical experience, and their patterns of visual inspection...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086868/the-impact-of-students-and-curriculum-on-self-study-during-clinical-training-in-medical-school-a-multilevel-approach
#11
J Barbosa, A Silva, M A Ferreira, M Severo
BACKGROUND: In higher education, the focus has shifted from the acquisition of knowledge to learning objectives and skills. This means that, the majority of student learning time is spent independently working outside the classroom. Students take an active role in setting goals, deciding how to achieve them, and planning individual study time. Although extensive research has recognized the importance of curriculum and students' characteristics in time devoted to self-study, it is still unclear to what extent these variables affect time to study...
January 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081557/student-led-intervention-to-innovate-hand-hygiene-practice-in-auckland-region-s-medical-students-the-no-hharms-study
#12
Nathanael Cc Lucas, Carl G Hume, Abdal Al-Chanati, William Diprose, Sally Roberts, Josh Freeman, Vernon Mogol, David Hoskins, Richard Hamblin, Chris Frampton, Warwick Bagg, Alan F Merry
BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene is important in reducing healthcare-associated infections. The World Health Organization has defined 'five moments' when hand hygiene compliance is required. During 2013, New Zealand national data showed poor compliance with these moments by medical students. AIM: To improve medical students' compliance with the five moments. METHODS: In this prospective student-led quality improvement initiative, student investigators developed, implemented and evaluated a multi-modal intervention comprising a three-month social media campaign, a competition and an entertaining educational video...
January 13, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077835/-development-and-effects-of-a-heart-health-diary-for-self-care-enhancement-of-patients-with-heart-failure
#13
Jae Lan Shim, Seon Young Hwang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop a heart health diary to promote self-care ability among patients with heart failure (HF), and to identify the diary's effect on self-care adherence, self-efficacy, and physical activity. METHODS: A randomized control-group pretestposttest design was adopted using block randomization. A calender-typed health diary was developed and it included a self-care checklist and education information on HF management. The experimental group were given guided counseling and education for 8 weeks and wrote a daily health diary during that period...
December 2016: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076926/yoga-treatment-for-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain
#14
REVIEW
L Susan Wieland, Nicole Skoetz, Karen Pilkington, Ramaprabhu Vempati, Christopher R D'Adamo, Brian M Berman
BACKGROUND: Non-specific low back pain is a common, potentially disabling condition usually treated with self-care and non-prescription medication. For chronic low back pain, current guidelines state that exercise therapy may be beneficial. Yoga is a mind-body exercise sometimes used for non-specific low back pain. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of yoga for treating chronic non-specific low back pain, compared to no specific treatment, a minimal intervention (e...
January 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073738/evaluating-youtube-as-a-source-of-patient-education-on-the-role-of-the-hospitalist-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Tamer Hudali, Muralidhar Papireddy, Mukul Bhattarai, Alan Deckard, Susan Hingle
BACKGROUND: Hospital medicine is a relatively new specialty field, dedicated to the delivery of comprehensive medical care to hospitalized patients. YouTube is one of the most frequently used websites, offering access to a gamut of videos from self-produced to professionally made. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to determine the adequacy of YouTube as an effective means to define and depict the role of hospitalists. METHODS: YouTube was searched on November 17, 2014, using the following search words: "hospitalist," "hospitalist definition," "what is the role of a hospitalist," "define hospitalist," and "who is a hospitalist...
January 10, 2017: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073345/reasons-for-faculty-departures-from-an-academic-medical-center-a-survey-and-comparison-across-faculty-lines
#16
Sabine C Girod, Magali Fassiotto, Roseanne Menorca, Henry Etzkowitz, Sherry M Wren
BACKGROUND: Faculty departure can present significant intellectual costs to an institution. The authors sought to identify the reasons for clinical and non-clinical faculty departures at one academic medical center (AMC). METHOD: In May and June 2010, the authors surveyed 137 faculty members who left a west coast School of Medicine (SOM) between 1999 and 2009. In May and June 2015, the same survey was sent to 40 faculty members who left the SOM between 2010-2014, for a total sample size of 177 former faculty members...
January 10, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070261/the-effect-of-utilizing-organizational-culture-improvement-model-of-patient-education-on-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-patients-anxiety-and-satisfaction-theory-testing
#17
Mansoureh Ashghali Farahani, Fatemeh Ghaffari, Faezeh Norouzinezhad, Roohangiz Jamshidi Orak
INTRODUCTION: Due to the increasing prevalence of arteriosclerosis and the mortality caused by this disease, Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) has become one of the most common surgical procedures. Utilization of patient education is approved as an effective solution for increasing patient survival and outcomes of treatment. However, failure to consider different aspects of patient education has turned this goal into an unattainable one. The objective of this research was to determine the effect of utilizing the organizational culture improvement model of patient education on CABG patients' anxiety and satisfaction...
November 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070253/self-medication-and-its-effective-modifiable-factors-among-elderly-referred-health-care-centers-in-shahr-e-kord-in-2015
#18
Zahra Sadeghian Motavali, Heidarali Abedi, Elham Davaridolatabadi
INTRODUCTION: Drug overuse is a serious problem for health care, and one of the biggest problems for the socio-economic well-being of different communities. The elderly tend to use more drugs due to changes in their cognitive and physiological factors. One of the best ways to evaluate the health level of elderly people is to evaluate their self-medication. This study was conducted to investigate self-medication among the elderly in Shahr-e-Kord. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 350 people older than 65 in Shahr-e-Kord in 2015...
November 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069970/lung-cancer-risk-in-welders-and-foundry-workers-with-a-history-of-heavy-smoking-in-the-usa-the-national-lung-screening-trial
#19
Jason Y Y Wong, Bryan A Bassig, Wei Jie Seow, Wei Hu, Bu-Tian Ji, Aaron Blair, Debra T Silverman, Qing Lan
OBJECTIVES: Foundry work is a risk factor for lung cancer; however, the association with welding is unclear, as smoking is common among metalworkers and may mask the relationship. We evaluated whether history of welding and foundry work, independently and jointly, and employment duration were associated with lung cancer risk in heavy smokers. METHODS: We analysed data from the National Lung Screening Trial, a prospective randomised trial of 53 454 heavy smokers (>30 pack-years) in the USA...
January 9, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065420/effectiveness-of-dietary-supplements-in-spinal-cord-injury-subjects
#20
REVIEW
Angela Navarrete-Opazo, Pilar Cuitiño, Inés Salas
BACKGROUND: Individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) consume more dietary supplements than the general population. However, there is limited information regarding the clinical effectiveness of dietary supplements in SCI population. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the effectiveness of dietary supplements for the prevention or treatment of health-related conditions associated with SCI. METHODS: Randomized or non-randomized controlled clinical trials were selected, comparing the effect of any dose and form of a dietary supplement (defined by the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act), with either no treatment, placebo, or other medication...
December 19, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
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