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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346698/procedural-knowledge-and-skills-of-residents-entering-canadian-family-medicine-programs-in-alberta
#1
Juan Antonio Garcia-Rodriguez, James A Dickinson, Grace Perez, David Ross, Lilian Au, Shelley Ross, Oksana Babenko, Ian Johnston
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Incoming family medicine (FM) residents start residency with different levels of procedural training. Understanding their baseline skill level is necessary to plan the educational experiences and teaching methods that will provide the desired knowledge, skills, and attitudes related to performing medical procedures. METHODS: A survey of 69 procedures based on the core list issued by the College of Family Physicians of Canada was administered to incoming residents in Alberta (Calgary and Edmonton FM programs)...
January 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343262/what-motivates-medical-students-to-select-medical-studies-a-systematic-literature-review
#2
Sonu Goel, Federica Angeli, Nonita Dhirar, Neetu Singla, Dirk Ruwaard
BACKGROUND: There is a significant shortage of health workers across and within countries. It is of utmost importance to determine the factors that motivate students to opt for medical studies. The objective of this study is to group and review all the studies that investigated the motivational factors that underpin students' selection of medical study in recent years. METHODS: The literature search was carried out by two researchers independently in PubMed, Google Scholar, Wiley and IndMED databases for articles published from year 2006 till 2016...
January 17, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339932/computerized-versus-hand-scored-health-literacy-tools-a-comparison-of-simple-measure-of-gobbledygook-smog-and-flesch-kincaid-in-printed-patient-education-materials
#3
Kelsey Leonard Grabeel, Jennifer Russomanno, Sandy Oelschlegel, Emily Tester, Robert Eric Heidel
Objective: The research compared and contrasted hand-scoring and computerized methods of evaluating the grade level of patient education materials that are distributed at an academic medical center in east Tennessee and sought to determine if these materials adhered to the American Medical Association's (AMA's) recommended reading level of sixth grade. Methods: Librarians at an academic medical center located in the heart of Appalachian Tennessee initiated the assessment of 150 of the most used printed patient education materials...
January 2018: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334480/strategies-for-enhancing-medical-student-resilience-student-and-faculty-member-perspectives
#4
Julia Farquhar, Robert Kamei, Arpana Vidyarthi
Objectives: To improve programs aimed to enhance medical student resiliency, we examined both medical student and faculty advisor perspectives on resiliency-building in an Asian medical school. Methods: In two separate focus groups, a convenience sample of 8 MD-PhD students and 8 faculty advisors were asked to identify strategies for enhancing resilience. Using thematic analysis, two researchers independently examined discussion transcripts and field notes and determined themes through a consensus process...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329685/association-of-provider-recommendation-and-offer-and-influenza-vaccination-among-adults-aged-%C3%A2-18%C3%A2-years-united-states
#5
Peng-Jun Lu, Anup Srivastav, Ashley Amaya, Jill A Dever, Jessica Roycroft, Marshica Stanley Kurtz, Alissa O'Halloran, Walter W Williams
BACKGROUND: Influenza vaccination has been recommended for all persons aged ≥6 months since 2010. METHODS: Data from the 2016 National Internet Flu Survey were analyzed to assess provider vaccination recommendations and early influenza vaccination during the 2016-17 season among adults aged ≥18 years. Predictive marginals from a multivariable logistic regression model were used to identify factors independently associated with early vaccine uptake by provider vaccination recommendation status...
January 9, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327173/personality-traits-patient-centered-health-status-and-prognosis-of-brain-tumor-patients
#6
Adomas Bunevicius
Personality traits can be related to prognosis of cancer patients. The study aimed to evaluate the association of big-five personality dimensions with emotional and cognitive health status, and prognosis of brain tumor patients. A total of 178 patients admitted for brain tumor surgery were evaluated for personality traits (Tem item Personality Inventory), depressive/anxiety symptoms (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale or HADS) and cognitive functioning (Mini Mental State Examination or MMSE) on admission...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326023/exploring-quality-of-care-and-social-inequalities-related-to-type-2-diabetes-in-hungary-nationwide-representative-survey
#7
Attila Nagy, Nóra Kovács, Anita Pálinkás, Valéria Sipos, Ferenc Vincze, Gergő Szőllősi, Orsolya Csenteri, Róza Ádány, János Sándor
AIMS: The study aimed to launch a T2DM adult cohort that is representative of Hungary through a cross-sectional study, to produce the most important quality indicators for T2DM care, to describe social inequalities, and to estimate the absolute number of T2DM adult patients with uncontrolled HbA1c levels in Hungary. METHODS: A representative sample of the Hungarian T2DM adults (N=1280) was selected in 2016. GPs collected data on socio-demographic status by questionnaire, and on history and laboratory parameters from medical records...
January 8, 2018: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325435/early-stages-of-hiv-treatment-cascade-in-people-living-with-hiv-in-saint-petersburg-russia
#8
M V Vetrova, O V Aleksandrova, A E Paschenko, S E Toropov, V V Rassokhin, R A Abyshev, O S Levina, L M Niccolai, R Heimer
The proportion of people living with HIV (PLWH) in need of antiretroviral therapy (ART) is growing rapidly in Russia. Successful treatment outcomes reduces disease progression and contributes to HIV epidemic control. We conducted a pilot study following 100 PLWH newly found eligible for ART in St. Petersburg, Russia. We determined the proportion of PLWH who initiated ART, remained in treatment, and achieved an undetectable VL during 6-month follow up. Semi-structured interviews were conducted prior the initiation of ART and progress along the cascade was assessed through medical chart review...
January 11, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324253/a-qualitative-study-comparing-physician-reported-barriers-to-treating-addiction-using-buprenorphine-and-extended-release-naltrexone-in-u-s-office-based-practices
#9
Barbara Andraka-Christou, Matthew J Capone
AIM: Our aim was to compare physician-reported barriers to sublingual buprenorphine (BUP) and extended-release naltrexone (XR-NLT) prescribing in U.S. office-based practices, and to identify potential policies for minimizing these barriers. Only one previous qualitative study has examined physician-reported barriers to prescribing XR-NLT and no qualitative study has compared physician-reported barriers between the two medications. METHODS: Researchers conducted individual semi-structured and in-depth interviews with 20 licensed physicians in four U...
January 8, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317585/-influential-factors-of-inpatient-care-among-%C3%A2-residents-in-shanghai
#10
Wentao Zhou, Chunlin Jin, Fen Li, Lesan Wang, Wen Chen, Zhihui Xie
To analyze the influential factors for inpatient care among residents in Shanghai and to provide evidence for health policy.
 Methods: Data were obtained from the Fifth National Health Services Survey, the independent variables were selected based on the framework of Andersen Model, and the two models were used to analyze the determinants-relevant hospitalization probability and the cost among residents in Shanghai.
 Results: The hospitalization rate among permanent residents over 18 years old was 6.1% in 2013 in Shanghai...
December 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316190/life-of-patients-10-years-after-a-successful-pediatric-intestinal-transplantation-in-europe
#11
Lorenzo Norsa, Girish Gupte, Esther Ramos Boluda, Francisca Joly, Olivier Corcos, Jacques Pirenne, Gustaf Herlenius, Florence Lacaille
A multicenter Europe-wide single point study in intestinal transplantation (ITx) centers was conducted to identify and describe patients surviving for more than 10 years after ITx in childhood. The health and nutritional status, care requirements and psychosocial status were recorded. Among 120 transplanted before 2005, 38 patients with a functioning graft were included. Thirty (79%) had an exclusive oral diet, 7 (18%) complimentary enteral nutrition for eating disorders, one a combination of parenteral and enteral nutrition...
January 9, 2018: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315678/modifiable-correlates-of-illness-perceptions-in-adults-with-chronic-somatic-conditions-a-systematic-review
#12
Seher Arat, Diederik De Cock, Philip Moons, Joris Vandenberghe, René Westhovens
When individuals become ill, they want to understand and give meaning to their illness. The interpretation of this illness experience, or illness perception, is influenced by a range of individual, contextual, and cultural factors. Some of these factors may be modifiable by nursing interventions. The purpose of this systematic review was to investigate which modifiable factors were correlated with illness perceptions across studies of adults with different chronic somatic diseases. Using search terms tailored to each of four electronic databases, studies retrieved were reviewed by two independent evaluators, and each relevant article was assessed for methodological quality...
January 9, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315227/the-benefits-of-higher-income-in-protecting-against-chronic-medical-conditions-are-smaller-for-african-americans-than-whites
#13
Shervin Assari
Background: Blacks' diminished return is defined as smaller protective effects of socioeconomic status (SES) on health of African Americans compared to Whites. AIM: Using a nationally representative sample, the current study aimed to examine if the protective effect of income on chronic medical conditions (CMC) differs for African Americans compared to Whites. Methods: With a cross-sectional design, the National Survey of American Life (NSAL), 2003, included 3570 non-Hispanic African Americans and 891 non-Hispanic Whites...
January 9, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312837/recreational-marijuana-use-and-acute-myocardial-infarction-insights-from-nationwide-inpatient-sample-in-the-united-states
#14
Rupak Desai, Upenkumar Patel, Shobhit Sharma, Parth Amin, Rushikkumar Bhuva, Malav S Patel, Nitin Sharma, Manan Shah, Smit Patel, Sejal Savani, Neha Batra, Gautam Kumar
Background Marijuana is a widely used recreational substance. Few cases have been reported of acute myocardial infarction following marijuana use. To our knowledge, this is the first ever study analyzing the lifetime odds of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with marijuana use and the outcomes in AMI patients with versus without marijuana use. Methods We queried the 2010-2014 National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database for 11-70-year-old AMI patients. Pearson Chi-square test for categorical variables and Student T-test for continuous variables were used to compare the baseline demographic and hospital characteristics between two groups (without vs...
November 3, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310133/percutaneous-closure-versus-medical-treatment-in-stroke-patients-with-patent-foramen-ovale-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Salvatore De Rosa, Horst Sievert, Jolanda Sabatino, Alberto Polimeni, Sabato Sorrentino, Ciro Indolfi
Background: New evidence emerged recently regarding the percutaneous closure of patent foramen ovale (PFO) to prevent recurrent stroke in patients with cryptogenic stroke. Purpose: To compare risks for recurrent cerebrovascular events in adults with PFO and cryptogenic stroke who underwent PFO closure versus those who received medical therapy alone. Data Sources: PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar from 1 December 2004 through 14 September 2017; references of eligible studies; relevant scientific session abstracts; and cardiology Web sites...
January 9, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309946/deterrents-to-organ-donation-a-multivariate-analysis-of-766-survey-respondents
#16
Marty T Sellers, H Scott McGinnis, Melissa Alperin, John F Sweeney, Thomas F Dodson
BACKGROUND: Though successful on many fronts, solid organ transplantation fails patients that die on waitlists. Too few organ donors beget this failure. Dispelling misperceptions associated with donation and transplantation wound expectedly increase donation and decrease waitlist mortality; recipients would also be transplanted earlier in their disease process, leading to better post-transplant outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Survey responses to seven questions pertaining to organ donation and transplantation were analyzed to determine their association with willingness to donate...
January 5, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306748/postgraduate-nurses-self-assessment-of-clinical-competence-and-need-for-further-training-a-european-cross-sectional-survey
#17
Sigrid Wangensteen, Elisabeth Finnbakk, Annsofie Adolfsson, Gudrun Kristjansdottir, Petrie Roodbol, Helen Ward, Lisbeth Fagerström
BACKGROUND: Nursing practice requires application of knowledge, skills and values in various combinations and has undergone substantial changes the last decades. An increased focus on inter-professional collaboration and possible new and more independent roles for nurses are described. A variety of programs have been developed in order to educate registered nurses (RN) to meet the changes and demands in health and nursing care throughout the world. AIM: The aims were to 1) describe nurses' self-assessment of clinical competence and need for further training, and 2) explore possible differences between nurses in specialist vs master's programs...
December 20, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305517/allergy-teaching-is-suboptimal-and-heterogeneous-in-the-undergraduate-medical-curriculum-in-the-uk
#18
Emily Frances Reid, Mamidupudi Thirumala Krishna, Claire Bethune
AIM: To record the level of allergy teaching occurring in UK medical schools. The UK has experienced an 'allergy epidemic' during the last 3-4 decades. Previous government reviews have emphasised the importance of allergy education and training, treating common allergies in primary care with referral pathways to a specialist and the creation of regional networks. It is acknowledged that the delivery of allergy teaching in UK medical schools is variable, despite the well-recognised need...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298245/emergency-medical-responders-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
Viola Cheung, Madeline L McCarthy, Mark X Cicero, John M Leventhal, Carol Weitzman
OBJECTIVES: Because of the high prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and wandering behavior, emergency medical responders (EMRs) will likely encounter children and adolescents with ASD. The objectives were to describe interactions between EMRs and children and adolescents with ASD, to evaluate EMRs' ability to recognize ASD in a simulated trauma setting, and to determine if EMRs' demographic characteristics affected their interactions with ASD youth. METHODS: A study of 75 videos of a simulated school bus crash was performed...
January 2, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291398/interventions-to-reduce-accidents-in-childhood-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Raquel S Barcelos, Bianca Del-Ponte, Iná S Santos
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on interventions planned to prevent the incidence of injuries in childhood. SOURCE OF DATA: The PubMed, Web of Science, and Bireme databases were searched by two independent reviewers, employing the single terms accidents, accident, injuries, injury, clinical trial, intervention, educational intervention, and multiple interventions, and their combinations, present in the article title or abstract, with no limits except period of publication (2006-2016) and studies in human subjects...
December 29, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
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