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Casein kinase 1 delta

Michihiro Mieda, Hitoshi Okamoto, Takeshi Sakurai
As the central pacemaker in mammals, the circadian clock in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the hypothalamus is a heterogeneous structure consisting of multiple types of GABAergic neurons with distinct chemical identities [1, 2]. Although individual cells have a cellular clock driven by autoregulatory transcriptional/translational feedback loops of clock genes, interneuronal communication among SCN clock neurons is likely essential for the SCN to generate a highly robust, coherent circadian rhythm [1]...
September 26, 2016: Current Biology: CB
Farahnaz Rezaei Makhuri, Jahan B Ghasemi
In this study as the first attempt; comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA), comparative molecular similarity indices analysis (CoMSIA) and AutoGPA-based 3D-QSAR methods were applied on a set of 47 recently reported Ck1d inhibitors, in order to gain an insight into the structural requirements which providing guidelines for the design of next generation compounds with enhanced bioactivity. The results of 3D-QSAR analyses indicated that hydrophobic and negatively charged groups at 6th position of benzothiazole ring and positively charged and bulky groups at ortho position of phenyl ring are favorable for high activity...
October 12, 2015: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Surya Pratap Singh, Dwijendra K Gupta
Wnt signaling pathway regulates several developmental processes in human; however recently this pathway has been associated with development of different types of cancers. Casein kinase-1 (CK1) constitutes a family of serine-threonine protein kinase; various members of this family participate in Wnt signal transduction pathway and serve as molecular switch to this pathway. Among the known six isoforms of CK1, in human, at least three isoforms (viz. alpha, delta and epsilon) have been reported as oncogenic. The development of common therapeutics against these kinases is an arduous task; unless we have the detailed information of their tertiary structures and conformational properties...
April 21, 2015: Journal of Theoretical Biology
Daniel F Kripke, Lawrence E Kline, Caroline M Nievergelt, Sarah S Murray, Farhad F Shadan, Arthur Dawson, J Steven Poceta, John Cronin, Shazia M Jamil, Gregory J Tranah, Richard T Loving, Alexandra P Grizas, Elizabeth K Hahn
OBJECTIVE: The diagnostic boundaries of sleep disorders are under considerable debate. The main sleep disorders are partly heritable; therefore, defining heritable pathophysiologic mechanisms could delineate diagnoses and suggest treatment. We collected clinical data and DNA from consenting patients scheduled to undergo clinical polysomnograms, to expand our understanding of the polymorphisms associated with the phenotypes of particular sleep disorders. METHODS: Patients at least 21 years of age were recruited to contribute research questionnaires, and to provide access to their medical records, saliva for deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), and polysomnographic data...
February 2015: Sleep Medicine
Filip Laco, Joo-Leng Low, Jasmin Seow, Tsung Liang Woo, Qixing Zhong, Jayasree Seayad, Zhenfeng Liu, Heiming Wei, Shaul Reuveny, David A Elliott, Christina L L Chai, Steve K W Oh
Differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells as embryoid bodies (EBs) has been achieved previously with p38alfa MAPK inhibitors such as SB203580 with moderate efficiency of 10-15%. We synthesized and screened 42 compounds that are 2,4,5-trisubstituted azole analogues of SB203580 for efficient cardiomyocyte differentiation. Our screen identified novel compounds that have similar cardiac differentiation activity as SB203580. However, the cardiac differentiation did not correlate with p38alfa MAPK inhibition, indicating an alternative mechanism in cardiac differentiation...
March 2015: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Travis T Wager, Ramalakshmi Y Chandrasekaran, Jenifer Bradley, David Rubitski, Helen Berke, Scot Mente, Todd Butler, Angela Doran, Cheng Chang, Katherine Fisher, John Knafels, Shenping Liu, Jeff Ohren, Michael Marconi, George DeMarco, Blossom Sneed, Kevin Walton, David Horton, Amy Rosado, Andy Mead
Casein kinase 1 delta (CK1δ) and casein kinase 1 epsilon (CK1ε) inhibitors are potential therapeutic agents for a range of psychiatric disorders. The feasibility of developing a CNS kinase inhibitor has been limited by an inability to identify safe brain-penetrant compounds with high kinome selectivity. Guided by structure-based drug design, potent and selective CK1δ/ε inhibitors have now been identified that address this gap, through the design and synthesis of novel 4-[4-(4-fluorophenyl)-1-(piperidin-4-yl)-1H-imidazol-5-yl]pyrimidin-2-amine derivatives...
December 17, 2014: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
Yoshimi Endo Greer, Christopher J Westlake, Bo Gao, Kapil Bharti, Yoko Shiba, Charles P Xavier, Gregory J Pazour, Yingzi Yang, Jeffrey S Rubin
Inhibition of casein kinase 1 delta (CK1δ) blocks primary ciliogenesis in human telomerase reverse transcriptase immortalized retinal pigmented epithelial and mouse inner medullary collecting duct cells-3. Mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) and retinal cells from Csnk1d (CK1δ)-null mice also exhibit ciliogenesis defects. CK1δ catalytic activity and centrosomal localization signal (CLS) are required to rescue cilia formation in MEFs(Csnk1d null). Furthermore, expression of a truncated derivative containing the CLS displaces full-length CK1δ from the centrosome and decreases ciliary length in control MEFs, suggesting that centrosomal CK1δ has a role in ciliogenesis...
May 2014: Molecular Biology of the Cell
Shu-Hui Lin, Yueh-Min Lin, Chung-Min Yeh, Chih-Jung Chen, Mei-Wen Chen, Hsiao-Fang Hung, Kun-Tu Yeh, Shun-Fa Yang
Casein kinase 1 is a group of ubiquitous serine/threonine kinases that are involved in normal cellular functions and several pathological conditions, such as DNA repair, cell cycle progression, cytokinesis, differentiation, and apoptosis. Recent studies have indicated that casein kinase 1-epsilon (CK1ε) and casein kinase 1-delta (CK1δ) expression has a role in human cancers. We investigated the associations between CK1ε and CK1δ expression and the clinical parameters of oral cancer using immunohistochemical study methods on oral squamous cell carcinoma specimens...
2014: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Sima Smadja Storz, Adi Tovin, Philipp Mracek, Shahar Alon, Nicholas S Foulkes, Yoav Gothilf
Zebrafish have become a popular model for studies of the circadian timing mechanism. Taking advantage of its rapid development of a functional circadian clock and the availability of light-entrainable clock-containing cell lines, much knowledge has been gained about the circadian clock system in this species. However, the post-translational modifications of clock proteins, and in particular the phosphorylation of PER proteins by Casein kinase I delta and epsilon (CK1δ and CK1ε), have so far not been examined in the zebrafish...
2013: PloS One
Hao Chen, Honghui Ma, Hiroyuki Inuzuka, Jianbo Diao, Fei Lan, Yujiang Geno Shi, Wenyi Wei, Yang Shi
UHRF1 (ubiquitin-like, with PHD and RING finger domains 1) is a critical epigenetic player involved in the maintenance of DNA methylation patterns during DNA replication. Dysregulation of the UHRF1 level is implicated in cancer onset, metastasis, and tumor recurrence. Previous studies demonstrated that UHRF1 can be stabilized through USP7-mediated deubiquitylation, but the mechanism through which UHRF1 is ubiquitylated is still unknown. Here we show that proteasomal degradation of UHRF1 is mediated by the SCF(β-TrCP) E3 ligase...
March 2013: Molecular and Cellular Biology
Shinji Matsunaga, Masashi Ikeda, Taro Kishi, Yasuhisa Fukuo, Branko Aleksic, Reiji Yoshimura, Tomo Okochi, Yoshio Yamanouchi, Yoko Kinoshita, Kunihiro Kawashima, Wakako Umene-Nakano, Toshiya Inada, Hiroshi Kunugi, Tadafumi Kato, Takeo Yoshikawa, Hiroshi Ujike, Jun Nakamura, Norio Ozaki, Tsuyoshi Kitajima, Nakao Iwata
Disturbances of the circadian rhythm are involved in the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder (BD), schizophrenia (SCZ) and major depressive disorder (MDD). Specifically, because clock gene dysfunction is good candidate for enhancing the susceptibility to these psychiatric disorders, we selected two circadian rhythm-related genes (CSNK1D and CSNK1E) and investigated genetic associations of the genes with these three disorders. None of the SNPs showed a significant association with MDD, but a SNP (rs2075984) in CSNK1E and SNP (rs6502097) in CSNK1D were associated with SCZ (P=0...
October 31, 2012: Neuroscience Letters
Lorna S Kategaya, Aisha Hilliard, Louying Zhang, John M Asara, Louis J Ptáček, Ying-Hui Fu
Throughout the day, clock proteins synchronize changes in animal physiology (e.g., wakefulness and appetite) with external cues (e.g., daylight and food). In vertebrates, both casein kinase 1 delta and epsilon (CK1δ and CK1ε) regulate these circadian changes by phosphorylating other core clock proteins. In addition, CK1 can regulate circadian-dependent transcription in a non-catalytic manner, however, the mechanism is unknown. Furthermore, the extent of functional redundancy between these closely related kinases is debated...
2012: PloS One
Alexander Long, Huilin Zhao, Xin Huang
Casein kinase 1 delta (CK1δ) and its closest homologue CK1ε are key regulators of diverse cellular growth and survival processes such as Wnt signaling, DNA repair, and circadian rhythms. We report three crystal structures of the kinase domain of human CK1δ, one apo and two complexed with a potent and selective CK1δ/ε inhibitor PF670462 in two different crystal forms. These structures provide a molecular basis for the strong and specific inhibitor interactions and suggest clues for further development of CK1δ/ε inhibitors...
January 26, 2012: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Ruijun Tian, Matias Alvarez-Saavedra, Hai-Ying M Cheng, Daniel Figeys
In mammals, the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) is the central circadian pacemaker that governs rhythmic fluctuations in behavior and physiology in a 24-hr cycle and synchronizes them to the external environment by daily resetting in response to light. The bilateral SCN is comprised of a mere ~20,000 neurons serving as cellular oscillators, a fact that has, until now, hindered the systematic study of the SCN on a global proteome level. Here we developed a fully automated and integrated proteomics platform, termed AutoProteome system, for an in-depth analysis of the light-responsive proteome of the murine SCN...
November 2011: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
Yoshimi Endo Greer, Jeffrey S Rubin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2011: Cell Cycle
Yoshimi Endo Greer, Jeffrey S Rubin
Previously we determined that Dishevelled-2/3 (Dvl) mediate Wnt-3a-dependent neurite outgrowth in Ewing sarcoma family tumor cells. Here we report that neurite extension was associated with Dvl phosphorylation and that both were inhibited by the casein kinase 1 (CK1) δ/ε inhibitor IC261. Small interfering RNAs targeting either CK1δ or CK1ε decreased Dvl phosphorylation, but only knockdown of CK1δ blocked neurite outgrowth. CK1δ but not CK1ε was detected at the centrosome, an organelle associated with neurite formation...
March 21, 2011: Journal of Cell Biology
J K Cheong, T H Nguyen, H Wang, P Tan, P M Voorhoeve, S H Lee, D M Virshup
Casein kinase 1 delta and epsilon (CK1δ/ɛ) are key regulators of diverse cellular growth and survival processes including Wnt signaling, DNA repair and circadian rhythms. Recent studies suggest that they have an important role in oncogenesis. RNA interference screens identified CK1ɛ as a pro-survival factor in cancer cells in vitro and the CK1δ/ɛ-specific inhibitor IC261 is remarkably effective at selective, synthetic lethal killing of cancer cells. The recent development of the nanomolar CK1δ/ɛ-selective inhibitor, PF670462 (PF670) and the CK1ɛ-selective inhibitor PF4800567 (PF480) offers an opportunity to further test the role of CK1δ/ɛ in cancer...
June 2, 2011: Oncogene
K E Funk, R E Mrak, J Kuret
AIMS: Granulovacuolar degeneration involves the accumulation of large, double membrane-bound bodies within certain neurones during the course of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other adult-onset dementias. Because of the two-layer membrane morphology, it has been proposed that the bodies are related to autophagic organelles. The aim of this study was to test this hypothesis, and determine the approximate stage at which the pathway stalls in AD. METHODS: Spatial colocalization of autophagic and endocytic markers with casein kinase 1 delta, a marker for granulovacuolar degeneration (GVD) bodies, was evaluated in hippocampal sections prepared from post mortem Braak stage IV and V AD cases using double-label confocal fluorescence microscopy...
April 2011: Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology
Qing-Jun Meng, Elizabeth S Maywood, David A Bechtold, Wei-Qun Lu, Jian Li, Julie E Gibbs, Sandrine M Dupré, Johanna E Chesham, Francis Rajamohan, John Knafels, Blossom Sneed, Laura E Zawadzke, Jeffrey F Ohren, Kevin M Walton, Travis T Wager, Michael H Hastings, Andrew S I Loudon
Circadian pacemaking requires the orderly synthesis, posttranslational modification, and degradation of clock proteins. In mammals, mutations in casein kinase 1 (CK1) epsilon or delta can alter the circadian period, but the particular functions of the WT isoforms within the pacemaker remain unclear. We selectively targeted WT CK1epsilon and CK1delta using pharmacological inhibitors (PF-4800567 and PF-670462, respectively) alongside genetic knockout and knockdown to reveal that CK1 activity is essential to molecular pacemaking...
August 24, 2010: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Caroline Smal, Didier Vertommen, Rachid Amsailale, Angélique Arts, Hervé Degand, Pierre Morsomme, Mark H Rider, Eric Van Den Neste, Françoise Bontemps
Deoxycytidine kinase (dCK) is a key enzyme in the salvage of deoxynucleosides and in the activation of several anticancer and antiviral nucleoside analogues. We recently showed that dCK was activated in vivo by phosphorylation of Ser-74. However, the protein kinase responsible was not identified. Ser-74 is located downstream a Glu-rich region, presenting similarity with the consensus phosphorylation motif of casein kinase 1 (CKI), and particularly of CKI delta. We showed that recombinant CKI delta phosphorylated several residues of bacterially overexpressed dCK: Ser-74, but also Ser-11, Ser-15, and Thr-72...
October 1, 2010: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
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