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Casein kinase 1 delta

Kyung Ho Lee, Jeong-Ah Hwang, Sun-Ok Kim, Jung Hee Kim, Sang Chul Shin, Eunice EunKyeong Kim, Kyung S Lee, Kunsoo Rhee, Byeong Hwa Jeon, Jeong Kyu Bang, Hyunjoo Cha-Molstad, Nak-Kyun Soung, Jae-Hyuk Jang, Sung-Kyun Ko, Hee Gu Lee, Jong Seog Ahn, Yong Tae Kwon, Bo Yeon Kim
Elevated expression of human enhancer filamentation 1 (HEF1; also known as NEDD9 or Cas-L) is an essential stimulus for the metastatic process of various solid tumors. This process requires HEF1 localization to focal adhesions (FAs). Although the association of HEF1 with FAs is considered to play a role in cancer cell migration, the mechanism targeting HEF1 to FAs remains unclear. Moreover, up-regulation of Polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1) positively correlates with human cancer metastasis, yet how Plk1 deregulation promotes metastasis remains elusive...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Laura Llorach-Pares, Alfons Nonell-Canals, Melchor Sanchez-Martinez, Conxita Avila
Computer-aided drug discovery/design (CADD) techniques allow the identification of natural products that are capable of modulating protein functions in pathogenesis-related pathways, constituting one of the most promising lines followed in drug discovery. In this paper, we computationally evaluated and reported the inhibitory activity found in meridianins A-G, a group of marine indole alkaloids isolated from the marine tunicate Aplidium , against various protein kinases involved in Alzheimer's disease (AD), a neurodegenerative pathology characterized by the presence of neurofibrillary tangles (NFT)...
November 27, 2017: Marine Drugs
Yael Morgenstern, Upasana Das Adhikari, Muneef Ayyash, Ela Elyada, Beáta Tóth, Andreas Moor, Shalev Itzkovitz, Yinon Ben-Neriah
The intestinal epithelium holds an immense regenerative capacity mobilized by intestinal stem cells (ISCs), much of it supported by Wnt pathway activation. Several unique regulatory mechanisms ensuring optimal levels of Wnt signaling have been recognized in ISCs. Here, we identify another Wnt signaling amplifier, CKIε, which is specifically upregulated in ISCs and is essential for ISC maintenance, especially in the absence of its close isoform CKIδ. Co-ablation of CKIδ/ε in the mouse gut epithelium results in rapid ISC elimination, with subsequent growth arrest, crypt-villous shrinking, and rapid mouse death...
October 16, 2017: EMBO Journal
Travis T Wager, Paul Galatsis, Ramalakshmi Y Chandrasekaran, Todd W Butler, Jianke Li, Lei Zhang, Scot Mente, Chakrapani Subramanyam, Shenping Liu, Angela C Doran, Cheng Chang, Katherine Fisher, Sarah Grimwood, Joseph R Hedde, Michael Marconi, Klaas Schildknegt
To enable the clinical development of our CNS casein kinase 1 delta/epsilon (CK1δ/ε) inhibitor project, we investigated the possibility of developing a CNS positron emission tomography (PET) radioligand. For this effort, we focused our design and synthesis efforts on the initial CK1δ/ε inhibitor HTS hits with the goal of identifying a compound that would fulfill a set of recommended PET ligand criteria. We identified [(3)H]PF-5236216 (9) as a tool ligand that meets most of the key CNS PET attributes including high CNS MPO PET desirability score and kinase selectivity, CNS penetration, and low nonspecific binding...
June 30, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
Sonja Wolff, Zhenyu Xiao, Mathias Wittau, Nadine Süssner, Martin Stöter, Uwe Knippschild
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Gracie Wee Ling Eng, Edison, David M Virshup
Circadian rhythms are intrinsic ~24 hour cycles that regulate diverse aspects of physiology, and in turn are regulated by interactions with the external environment. Casein kinase 1 delta (CK1δ, CSNK1D) is a key regulator of the clock, phosphorylating both stabilizing and destabilizing sites on the PER2 protein, in a mechanism known as the phosphoswitch. CK1δ can itself be regulated by phosphorylation on its regulatory domain, but the specific sites involved, and the role this plays in control of circadian rhythms as well as other CK1-dependent processes is not well understood...
2017: PloS One
Yoshimi Endo Greer, Bo Gao, Yingzi Yang, Andre Nussenzweig, Jeffrey S Rubin
Casein kinase 1 delta (CK1δ) is a conserved serine/threonine protein kinase that regulates diverse cellular processes. Mice lacking CK1δ have a perinatal lethal phenotype and typically weigh 30% less than their wild type littermates. However, the causes of death and small size are unknown. We observed cells with abnormally large nuclei in tissue from Csnk1d null embryos, and multiple centrosomes in mouse embryo fibroblasts (MEFs) deficient in CK1δ (MEFCsnk1d null). Results from γ-H2AX staining and the comet assay demonstrated significant DNA damage in MEFCsnk1d null cells...
2017: PloS One
Changchun Deng, Mark R Lipstein, Luigi Scotto, Xavier O Jirau Serrano, Michael A Mangone, Shirong Li, Jeremie Vendome, Yun Hao, Xiaoming Xu, Shi-Xian Deng, Ronald B Realubit, Nicholas P Tatonetti, Charles Karan, Suzanne Lentzsch, David A Fruman, Barry Honig, Donald W Landry, Owen A O'Connor
Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) and the proteasome pathway are both involved in activating the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR). Because mTOR signaling is required for initiation of messenger RNA translation, we hypothesized that cotargeting the PI3K and proteasome pathways might synergistically inhibit translation of c-Myc. We found that a novel PI3K δ isoform inhibitor TGR-1202, but not the approved PI3Kδ inhibitor idelalisib, was highly synergistic with the proteasome inhibitor carfilzomib in lymphoma, leukemia, and myeloma cell lines and primary lymphoma and leukemia cells...
January 5, 2017: Blood
Michihiro Mieda, Hitoshi Okamoto, Takeshi Sakurai
As the central pacemaker in mammals, the circadian clock in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the hypothalamus is a heterogeneous structure consisting of multiple types of GABAergic neurons with distinct chemical identities [1, 2]. Although individual cells have a cellular clock driven by autoregulatory transcriptional/translational feedback loops of clock genes, interneuronal communication among SCN clock neurons is likely essential for the SCN to generate a highly robust, coherent circadian rhythm [1]...
September 26, 2016: Current Biology: CB
Farahnaz Rezaei Makhuri, Jahan B Ghasemi
In this study as the first attempt; comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA), comparative molecular similarity indices analysis (CoMSIA) and AutoGPA-based 3D-QSAR methods were applied on a set of 47 recently reported Ck1d inhibitors, in order to gain an insight into the structural requirements which providing guidelines for the design of next generation compounds with enhanced bioactivity. The results of 3D-QSAR analyses indicated that hydrophobic and negatively charged groups at 6th position of benzothiazole ring and positively charged and bulky groups at ortho position of phenyl ring are favorable for high activity...
October 12, 2015: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Surya Pratap Singh, Dwijendra K Gupta
Wnt signaling pathway regulates several developmental processes in human; however recently this pathway has been associated with development of different types of cancers. Casein kinase-1 (CK1) constitutes a family of serine-threonine protein kinase; various members of this family participate in Wnt signal transduction pathway and serve as molecular switch to this pathway. Among the known six isoforms of CK1, in human, at least three isoforms (viz. alpha, delta and epsilon) have been reported as oncogenic. The development of common therapeutics against these kinases is an arduous task; unless we have the detailed information of their tertiary structures and conformational properties...
April 21, 2015: Journal of Theoretical Biology
Daniel F Kripke, Lawrence E Kline, Caroline M Nievergelt, Sarah S Murray, Farhad F Shadan, Arthur Dawson, J Steven Poceta, John Cronin, Shazia M Jamil, Gregory J Tranah, Richard T Loving, Alexandra P Grizas, Elizabeth K Hahn
OBJECTIVE: The diagnostic boundaries of sleep disorders are under considerable debate. The main sleep disorders are partly heritable; therefore, defining heritable pathophysiologic mechanisms could delineate diagnoses and suggest treatment. We collected clinical data and DNA from consenting patients scheduled to undergo clinical polysomnograms, to expand our understanding of the polymorphisms associated with the phenotypes of particular sleep disorders. METHODS: Patients at least 21 years of age were recruited to contribute research questionnaires, and to provide access to their medical records, saliva for deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), and polysomnographic data...
February 2015: Sleep Medicine
Filip Laco, Joo-Leng Low, Jasmin Seow, Tsung Liang Woo, Qixing Zhong, Jayasree Seayad, Zhenfeng Liu, Heiming Wei, Shaul Reuveny, David A Elliott, Christina L L Chai, Steve K W Oh
Differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells as embryoid bodies (EBs) has been achieved previously with p38alfa MAPK inhibitors such as SB203580 with moderate efficiency of 10-15%. We synthesized and screened 42 compounds that are 2,4,5-trisubstituted azole analogues of SB203580 for efficient cardiomyocyte differentiation. Our screen identified novel compounds that have similar cardiac differentiation activity as SB203580. However, the cardiac differentiation did not correlate with p38alfa MAPK inhibition, indicating an alternative mechanism in cardiac differentiation...
March 2015: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Travis T Wager, Ramalakshmi Y Chandrasekaran, Jenifer Bradley, David Rubitski, Helen Berke, Scot Mente, Todd Butler, Angela Doran, Cheng Chang, Katherine Fisher, John Knafels, Shenping Liu, Jeff Ohren, Michael Marconi, George DeMarco, Blossom Sneed, Kevin Walton, David Horton, Amy Rosado, Andy Mead
Casein kinase 1 delta (CK1δ) and casein kinase 1 epsilon (CK1ε) inhibitors are potential therapeutic agents for a range of psychiatric disorders. The feasibility of developing a CNS kinase inhibitor has been limited by an inability to identify safe brain-penetrant compounds with high kinome selectivity. Guided by structure-based drug design, potent and selective CK1δ/ε inhibitors have now been identified that address this gap, through the design and synthesis of novel 4-[4-(4-fluorophenyl)-1-(piperidin-4-yl)-1H-imidazol-5-yl]pyrimidin-2-amine derivatives...
December 17, 2014: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
Yoshimi Endo Greer, Christopher J Westlake, Bo Gao, Kapil Bharti, Yoko Shiba, Charles P Xavier, Gregory J Pazour, Yingzi Yang, Jeffrey S Rubin
Inhibition of casein kinase 1 delta (CK1δ) blocks primary ciliogenesis in human telomerase reverse transcriptase immortalized retinal pigmented epithelial and mouse inner medullary collecting duct cells-3. Mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) and retinal cells from Csnk1d (CK1δ)-null mice also exhibit ciliogenesis defects. CK1δ catalytic activity and centrosomal localization signal (CLS) are required to rescue cilia formation in MEFs(Csnk1d null). Furthermore, expression of a truncated derivative containing the CLS displaces full-length CK1δ from the centrosome and decreases ciliary length in control MEFs, suggesting that centrosomal CK1δ has a role in ciliogenesis...
May 2014: Molecular Biology of the Cell
Shu-Hui Lin, Yueh-Min Lin, Chung-Min Yeh, Chih-Jung Chen, Mei-Wen Chen, Hsiao-Fang Hung, Kun-Tu Yeh, Shun-Fa Yang
Casein kinase 1 is a group of ubiquitous serine/threonine kinases that are involved in normal cellular functions and several pathological conditions, such as DNA repair, cell cycle progression, cytokinesis, differentiation, and apoptosis. Recent studies have indicated that casein kinase 1-epsilon (CK1ε) and casein kinase 1-delta (CK1δ) expression has a role in human cancers. We investigated the associations between CK1ε and CK1δ expression and the clinical parameters of oral cancer using immunohistochemical study methods on oral squamous cell carcinoma specimens...
2014: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Sima Smadja Storz, Adi Tovin, Philipp Mracek, Shahar Alon, Nicholas S Foulkes, Yoav Gothilf
Zebrafish have become a popular model for studies of the circadian timing mechanism. Taking advantage of its rapid development of a functional circadian clock and the availability of light-entrainable clock-containing cell lines, much knowledge has been gained about the circadian clock system in this species. However, the post-translational modifications of clock proteins, and in particular the phosphorylation of PER proteins by Casein kinase I delta and epsilon (CK1δ and CK1ε), have so far not been examined in the zebrafish...
2013: PloS One
Hao Chen, Honghui Ma, Hiroyuki Inuzuka, Jianbo Diao, Fei Lan, Yujiang Geno Shi, Wenyi Wei, Yang Shi
UHRF1 (ubiquitin-like, with PHD and RING finger domains 1) is a critical epigenetic player involved in the maintenance of DNA methylation patterns during DNA replication. Dysregulation of the UHRF1 level is implicated in cancer onset, metastasis, and tumor recurrence. Previous studies demonstrated that UHRF1 can be stabilized through USP7-mediated deubiquitylation, but the mechanism through which UHRF1 is ubiquitylated is still unknown. Here we show that proteasomal degradation of UHRF1 is mediated by the SCF(β-TrCP) E3 ligase...
March 2013: Molecular and Cellular Biology
Shinji Matsunaga, Masashi Ikeda, Taro Kishi, Yasuhisa Fukuo, Branko Aleksic, Reiji Yoshimura, Tomo Okochi, Yoshio Yamanouchi, Yoko Kinoshita, Kunihiro Kawashima, Wakako Umene-Nakano, Toshiya Inada, Hiroshi Kunugi, Tadafumi Kato, Takeo Yoshikawa, Hiroshi Ujike, Jun Nakamura, Norio Ozaki, Tsuyoshi Kitajima, Nakao Iwata
Disturbances of the circadian rhythm are involved in the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder (BD), schizophrenia (SCZ) and major depressive disorder (MDD). Specifically, because clock gene dysfunction is good candidate for enhancing the susceptibility to these psychiatric disorders, we selected two circadian rhythm-related genes (CSNK1D and CSNK1E) and investigated genetic associations of the genes with these three disorders. None of the SNPs showed a significant association with MDD, but a SNP (rs2075984) in CSNK1E and SNP (rs6502097) in CSNK1D were associated with SCZ (P=0...
October 31, 2012: Neuroscience Letters
Lorna S Kategaya, Aisha Hilliard, Louying Zhang, John M Asara, Louis J Ptáček, Ying-Hui Fu
Throughout the day, clock proteins synchronize changes in animal physiology (e.g., wakefulness and appetite) with external cues (e.g., daylight and food). In vertebrates, both casein kinase 1 delta and epsilon (CK1δ and CK1ε) regulate these circadian changes by phosphorylating other core clock proteins. In addition, CK1 can regulate circadian-dependent transcription in a non-catalytic manner, however, the mechanism is unknown. Furthermore, the extent of functional redundancy between these closely related kinases is debated...
2012: PloS One
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