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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732138/involving-citizens-in-priority-setting-for-public-health-research-implementation-in-infection-research
#1
Timothy M Rawson, Enrique Castro-Sánchez, Esmita Charani, Fran Husson, Luke S P Moore, Alison H Holmes, Raheelah Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Public sources fund the majority of UK infection research, but citizens currently have no formal role in resource allocation. To explore the feasibility and willingness of citizens to engage in strategic decision making, we developed and tested a practical tool to capture public priorities for research. METHOD: A scenario including six infection themes for funding was developed to assess citizen priorities for research funding. This was tested over two days at a university public festival...
July 21, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724978/economic-factors-influencing-zoonotic-disease-dynamics-demand-for-poultry-meat-and-seasonal-transmission-of-avian-influenza-in-vietnam
#2
Alexis Delabouglise, Marc Choisy, Thang D Phan, Nicolas Antoine-Moussiaux, Marisa Peyre, Ton D Vu, Dirk U Pfeiffer, Guillaume Fournié
While climate is often presented as a key factor influencing the seasonality of diseases, the importance of anthropogenic factors is less commonly evaluated. Using a combination of methods - wavelet analysis, economic analysis, statistical and disease transmission modelling - we aimed to explore the influence of climatic and economic factors on the seasonality of H5N1 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza in the domestic poultry population of Vietnam. We found that while climatic variables are associated with seasonal variation in the incidence of avian influenza outbreaks in the North of the country, this is not the case in the Centre and the South...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713803/the-institute-for-global-orthopedics-and-traumatology-a-model-for-academic-collaboration-in-orthopedic-surgery
#3
Devin James Conway, Richard Coughlin, Amber Caldwell, David Shearer
In 2006, surgeons at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) established the Institute for Global Orthopedics and Traumatology (IGOT), an initiative within the department of orthopedic surgery. The principal aim of IGOT is to create long-term, sustainable solutions to the growing burden of musculoskeletal injury in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) through academic partnership. IGOT currently has relationships with teaching hospitals in Ghana, Malawi, Tanzania, Nicaragua, and Nepal. The organizational structure of IGOT is built on four pillars: Global Surgical Education (GSE), Global Knowledge Exchange (GKE), Global Research Initiative (GRI), and Global Leadership and Advocacy...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693589/the-recurrent-campylobacteriosis-epidemic-over-christmas-and-new-year-in-european-countries-2006-2014
#4
Philipp Justus Bless, Claudia Schmutz, Daniel Mäusezahl
OBJECTIVE: Campylobacteriosis is the most frequently reported foodborne disease in Europe with a notification rate of 71 per 100,000 population in the European Union in 2014. Surveillance data show a clear seasonality whereby case numbers peak during summer months in entire Europe and at the turn of the year, especially in Germany and Switzerland. A detailed description of European surveillance data by country at the turn of the year was missing so far. The objectives of the presented work were to describe national surveillance data of The European Surveillance System for 14 countries during winter times and to generate hypotheses for the observed seasonality of campylobacteriosis cases...
July 11, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693371/who-is-molly-mdma-adulterants-by-product-name-and-the-impact-of-harm-reduction-services-at-raves
#5
Sarah Saleemi, Steven J Pennybaker, Missi Wooldridge, Matthew W Johnson
Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), often sold as 'Ecstasy' or 'Molly', is commonly used at music festivals and reported to be responsible for an increase in deaths over the last decade. Ecstasy is often adulterated and contains compounds that increase morbidity and mortality. While users and clinicians commonly assume that products sold as Molly are less-adulterated MDMA products, this has not been tested. Additionally, while pill-testing services are sometimes available at raves, the assumption that these services decrease risky drug use has not been studied...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684251/-prologues-to-a-bad-voice-effect-of-vocal-hygiene-knowledge-and-training-on-voice-quality-following-stage-performance
#6
Balaji Rangarathnam, Towino Paramby, Gary H McCullough
PURPOSE: The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effects of intensive stage rehearsal and performance on perceptual, acoustic, and aerodynamic measures of voice, and to determine the impact of knowledge and practice of vocal hygiene on measures of voice during intensive vocal performance. METHODS: Nineteen stage actors who were participating in the Arkansas Shakespeare Theatre festival took part in the study. Each participant completed auditory-perceptual, acoustic, aerodynamic, and quality of life measures before and after 1 month of intensive rehearsals and stage performances...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672699/qualitative-screening-for-new-psychoactive-substances-in-wastewater-collected-during-a-city-festival-using-liquid-chromatography-coupled-to-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry
#7
Ana Causanilles, Juliet Kinyua, Christoph Ruttkies, Alexander L N van Nuijs, Erik Emke, Adrian Covaci, Pim de Voogt
The inclusion of new psychoactive substances (NPS) in the wastewater-based epidemiology approach presents challenges, such as the reduced number of users that translates into low concentrations of residues and the limited pharmacokinetics information available, which renders the choice of target biomarker difficult. The sampling during special social settings, the analysis with improved analytical techniques, and data processing with specific workflow to narrow the search, are required approaches for a successful monitoring...
June 26, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671060/retrospective-analysis-of-mosh-pit-related-injuries
#8
Andrew M Milsten, Joseph Tennyson, Stacy Weisberg
OBJECTIVES: Moshing is a violent form of dancing found world-wide at rock concerts, festivals, and electronic dance music events. It involves crowd surfing, shoving, and moving in a circular rotation. Moshing is a source of increased morbidity and mortality. The goal of this study was to report epidemiologic information on patient presentation rate (PPR), transport to hospital rate (TTHR), and injury patterns from patients who participated in mosh-pits. Materials and Methods Subjects were patrons from mosh-pits seeking medical care at a single venue...
July 3, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668648/familial-digit-ratio-2d-4d-associations-in-a-general-population-sample-from-wales
#9
Gareth Richards, Wynford Bellin, William Davies
BACKGROUND: The relative length of the second and fourth fingers (2D:4D) may be a sex-linked correlate of prenatal androgen exposure. However, the nature of the sex-linkage is controversial, with evidence for both X- and Y-linkage of the 2D:4D phenotype. AIMS: To examine transgenerational effects relating to sex-linkage. In addition, assortative mating on 2D:4D was considered, as well as associations between 2D:4D and age and sex. STUDY DESIGN: A family study was conducted...
June 29, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667718/acquired-methemoglobinemia-a-sporadic-holi-disaster
#10
Sanjeevani Satish Masavkar, Anupama Mauskar, Gaurav Patwardhan, Vasudeva Bhat, Mamta V Manglani
OBJECTIVE: To study clinical profile and outcome in patients with methemoglobinemia following exposure to toxic colors during Holi festival. METHODS: This retrospective study included 112 children (5 to 12 years) admitted with methemoglobinemia after playing Holi. Clinical and treatment details were reviewed. RESULTS: The common symptoms were giddiness, vomiting and headache. Treatment included thorough skin wash, intravenous fluid and methylene blue in 111 children...
June 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660599/exploring-asian-indian-and-pakistani-views-about-cancer-and-participation-in-cancer-genetics-research-toward-the-development-of-a-community-genetics-intervention
#11
Amy E Leader, Salini Mohanty, Preethi Selvan, Ray Lum, Veda N Giri
Cancer is a leading cause of mortality among the three million Asian Indian/Pakistanis (AIPs) in the USA. AIPs have traditionally been underrepresented in cancer-related research, although reasons remain largely unexplored. We sought to understand AIP's awareness and perceptions of cancer to improve their participation in risk assessment and cancer genetics research. Four focus groups, stratified by gender and birthplace (US-born vs. foreign-born), were held at an AIP cultural center. Discussions focused on knowledge and awareness of cancer risk; how AIP culture influences cancer perceptions; access to health care services for cancer screening, diagnosis, or treatment; and willingness to or experiences with participating in cancer genetics research...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651196/dancing-to-death-a-case-of-heat-stroke
#12
K Nadesan, Chandra Kumari, Mohd Afiq
Heat stroke is a medical emergency which may lead to mortality unless diagnosed early and treated effectively. Heat stroke may manifest rapidly, hence making it difficult to differentiate it from other clinical causes in a collapsed victim.(1) We are presenting a case report of twelve patients who were admitted to our emergency department from a music festival held on 13-15th of March 2014. They developed complications arising from a combination of severe adverse weather condition, prolonged outdoor physical exertion due to long hours of dancing and drug-use, resulting in heat stroke...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635119/the-detection-and-prevention-of-unintentional-consumption-of-dox-and-25x-nbome-at-portugal-s-boom-festival
#13
Daniel Martins, Monica J Barratt, Cristiana Vale Pires, Helena Carvalho, Mireia Ventura, Iván Fornís, Helena Valente
OBJECTIVE: This paper describes the misrepresentation of LSD at Portugal's Boom Festival 2014 and the prevention of unintentional consumption of DOx and 25x-NBOMe among LSD consumers attending a drug-checking service. METHODS: Two hundred forty-five drug samples expected to contain LSD were submitted to the drug-checking service for chemical analysis. One hundred ten post-test questionnaires were successfully matched with test results. RESULTS: About 67...
June 21, 2017: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635057/pill-testing-or-drug-checking-in-australia-acceptability-of-service-design-features
#14
Monica J Barratt, Raimondo Bruno, Nadine Ezard, Alison Ritter
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: This study aimed to determine design features of a drug-checking service that would be feasible, attractive and likely to be used by Australian festival and nightlife attendees. DESIGN AND METHODS: Web survey of 851 Australians reporting use of psychostimulants and/or hallucinogens and attendance at licensed venues past midnight and/or festivals in the past year (70% male; median age 23 years). RESULTS: A drug-checking service located at festivals or clubs would be used by 94%; a fixed-site service external to such events by 85%...
June 20, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625229/mass-gathering-medical-care-in-electronic-dance-music-festivals
#15
Kathleen M FitzGibbon, Jose V Nable, Benjamin Ayd, Benjamin J Lawner, Angela C Comer, Richard Lichenstein, Matthew J Levy, Kevin G Seaman, Ian Bussey
Introduction Electronic dance music (EDM) festivals represent a unique subset of mass-gathering events with limited guidance through literature or legislation to guide mass-gathering medical care at these events. Hypothesis/Problem Electronic dance music festivals pose unique challenges with increased patient encounters and heightened patient acuity under-estimated by current validated casualty predication models. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of three separate EDM festivals with analysis of patient encounters and patient transport rates...
June 19, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624676/predictors-of-daily-life-suicidal-ideation-in-adults-recently-discharged-after-a-serious-suicide-attempt-a-pilot-study
#16
Mathilde Husky, Joel Swendsen, Adela Ionita, Isabelle Jaussent, Catherine Genty, Philippe Courtet
The aims of the study are to examine the predictive role of fluctuations in daily life mood, social contexts, and behavior on subsequent suicidal ideation (SI); and to identify clinical and psychological factors associated with the general frequency of SI in a high-risk sample. The sample comprised 42 adults (73.8% female) hospitalized for a suicide attempt. Immediately following hospital discharge, they used Ecological Momentary Assessment for seven consecutive days, providing repeated measures of SI, environmental, contextual, and behavioral factors...
June 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592939/ashura-a-festival-of-charity-associated-with-a-serious-and-disabling-eye-injury-report-of-12-cases
#17
M O Moustaine, B Allali, I Fetouh, L Elmaaloum, A Elkettani, K Zaghloul
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527324/source-characterization-of-urban-particles-from-meat-smoking-activities-in-chongqing-china-using-single-particle-aerosol-mass-spectrometry
#18
Yang Chen, John C Wenger, Fumo Yang, Junji Cao, Rujin Huang, Guangming Shi, Shumin Zhang, Mi Tian, Huanbo Wang
A Single Particle Aerosol Mass Spectrometer (SPAMS) was deployed in the urban area of Chongqing to characterize the particles present during a severe particulate pollution event that occurred in winter 2014-2015. The measurements were made at a time when residents engaged in traditional outdoor meat smoking activities to preserve meat before the Chinese Spring Festival. The measurement period was predominantly characterized by stagnant weather conditions, highly elevated levels of PM2.5, and low visibility...
May 17, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508618/meeting-report-festive-symposium-honoring-lynne-l-levitsky-md-boston-april-4th-2016
#19
Madhusmita Misra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485987/assessing-self-reported-use-of-new-psychoactive-substances-the-impact-of-gate-questions
#20
Joseph J Palamar, Patricia Acosta, Fermín Fernández Calderón, Scott Sherman, Charles M Cleland
BACKGROUND: New psychoactive substances (NPS) continue to emerge; however, few surveys of substance use ask about NPS use. Research is needed to determine how to most effectively query use of NPS and other uncommon drugs. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether prevalence of self-reported lifetime and past-year use differs depending on whether or not queries about NPS use are preceded by "gate questions." Gate questions utilize skip-logic, such that only a "yes" response to the use of specific drug class is followed by more extensive queries of drug use in that drug class...
September 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
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