Read by QxMD icon Read


Tim Turner
BACKGROUND: This paper combines evidence from an ethnographic study of illicit drug use amongst tourists in Ibiza with Bryman's (2004) theoretical model of Disneyization. The principal aim was to construct a new conceptual framework that may help scholars, practitioners and policy makers make sense of dynamic patterns of illegal drug use across bounded play spaces such as tourist resorts, music festivals and nightclubs. METHODS: Ethnographic fieldwork employing a grounded theory design was undertaken over three summers in tourist locations on the Balearic island of Ibiza, including nightclubs, bars, cafes, beaches, airports and hotels...
May 17, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
Mark A Hazelwood, Rebecca M Patterson
People's experiences of death, dying and bereavement are only partially determined by formal health and social care services. A broad-based alliance of organisations and individuals was established in Scotland in 2011 with the aim of influencing a wider range of social, cultural and other environmental factors which impact on people's experiences towards the end of life. Called Good Life, Good Death, Good Grief (GLGDGG) this alliance has grown and developed over the past 6 years, with a current diverse membership of over 1,100...
April 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
Peter Blanckaert, Stijn Vanquekelberghe, Vera Coopman, Martijn D P Risseeuw, Serge Van Calenbergh, Jan Cordonnier
This paper reports the structure elucidation and full characterization of 4-chloromethamphetamine (4-CMA), a compound which was never reported previously outside of laboratory settings in seized drug samples, or samples actively being used at large dance festivals. Identification of 4-CMA was obtained by liquid chromatography with diode array detector (HPLC-PDA) and gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Further structure elucidation was performed by fragment pattern analysis of the trimethylsilyl and trifluoroacetyl derivatives with GC-MS...
May 3, 2018: Forensic Science International
Eng-Kean Yeong, Ciaran P O'Boyle, Hui-Fu Huang, Hao-Chih Tai, Yen-Chun Hsu, Shu-Yang Chuang, Yu-Feng Wu, Che-Wei Chang, Tom J Liu, Hong-Shiee Lai
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the outcomes of a local healthcare system in managing a burn mass casualty incident (BMCI). METHODS: Thirty-three victims admitted to the National Taiwan University Hospital within 96h of the explosion were included in the study. Data were recorded on: patient demographics, Baux score, laboratory data, management response, treatment strategies, and outcomes. Case notes from June 27, 2015 to November 2015 were reviewed with a focus on fluid resuscitation, ventilation support, nutrition, infection control, sepsis treatment, and wound closure plan...
May 9, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Cate Wood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
Zhongzhen Zhao, Eric Brand, Hiu Yee Kwan, Quanbin Han, Mengjia Zhou
Background: Houzao (bezoar) is a valuable imported Chinese medicine that is commonly used as a pediatric medicine to transform phlegm. There are mainly two types of Houzao, "Southeast Asian Houzao" and "Indian Houzao". "Indian Houzao" is the dominant commercial product accounts for over 95% of the actual utilization in the market. However, its origin, formation, composition, efficacy and pharmacology remain unclear. Therefore, we have conducted on-site investigation to clarify the origin of Indian Houzao...
2018: Chinese Medicine
Mark D Tarn, Sebastien N F Sikora, Grace C E Porter, Daniel O'Sullivan, Mike Adams, Thomas F Whale, Alexander D Harrison, Jesús Vergara-Temprado, Theodore W Wilson, Jung-Uk Shim, Benjamin J Murray
Ice-nucleating particles (INPs) play a significant role in the climate and hydrological cycle by triggering ice formation in supercooled clouds, thereby causing precipitation and affecting cloud lifetimes and their radiative properties. However, despite their importance, INP often comprise only 1 in 103 -106 ambient particles, making it difficult to ascertain and predict their type, source, and concentration. The typical techniques for quantifying INP concentrations tend to be highly labour-intensive, suffer from poor time resolution, or are limited in sensitivity to low concentrations...
2018: Microfluidics and Nanofluidics
Melanie Stecher, Antoine Chaillon, Josef Eberle, Georg M N Behrens, Anna-Maria Eis-Hübinger, Clara Lehmann, Alexandra Jablonka, Johannes Bogner, Gerd Fätkenheuer, Christoph D Spinner, Jan-Christian Wasmuth, Rolf Kaiser, Sanjay R Mehta, Joerg Janne Vehreschild, Martin Hoenigl
Using HIV sequence data to characterize clusters of HIV transmission may provide insight into the epidemic. Phylogenetic and network analyses were performed to infer putative relationships between HIV-1 partial pol sequences from 2,774 individuals receiving care in three German regions between 1999-2016. The regions have in common that they host some of the largest annual festivals in Europe (Carnival and Oktoberfest). Putative links with sequences (n = 150,396) from the Los Alamos HIV Sequence database were evaluated...
May 1, 2018: Scientific Reports
Véronique J C Kraaijenga, J J C M van Munster, G A van Zanten
Importance: To date, factors associated with noise-induced hearing loss at music festivals have not yet been analyzed in a single comprehensive data set. In addition, little is known about the hearing loss-associated behavior of music festival attendees. Objectives: To assess which factors are associated with the occurrence of a temporary threshold shift (TTS) after music exposure and to investigate the behavior of music festival attendees. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective post hoc analysis gathered data from a randomized, single-blind clinical trial conducted on September 5, 2015, at an outdoor music festival in Amsterdam, the Netherlands...
April 19, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Muhammad Abdulredha, Rafid Al Khaddar, David Jordan, Patryk Kot, Ali Abdulridha, Khalid Hashim
Major-religious festivals hosted in the city of Kerbala, Iraq, annually generate large quantities of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) which negatively impacts the environment and human health when poorly managed. The hospitality sector, specifically hotels, is one of the major sources of MSW generated during these festivals. Because it is essential to establish a proper waste management system for such festivals, accurate information regarding MSW generation is required. This study therefore investigated the rate of production of MSW from hotels in Kerbala during major festivals...
April 26, 2018: Waste Management
Piret Saar-Reismaa, Enn Erme, Merike Vaher, Maria Kulp, Mihkel Kaljurand, Jekaterina Mazina-Scaron Inkar
The present study demonstrates the potential of a portable capillary electrophoresis (CE) instrument, coupled to deep UV fluores-cence detector (FD) with a 230-255 nm excitation wavelength range, for the determination of the abuse of illegal drugs in oral fluids in situ. CE was introduced in this study due its exceptional power of separation and resolution, short analysis time and abil-ity for miniaturization for on-site assessment of different substances. The deep UV fluorescence detector was equipped with five interchangeable emission filters, in the emission wavelength range from 278 to 600 nm, and was successfully employed for deter-mination of natively fluorescing illegal drugs, such as cocaine, cocaethylene, 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), 3,4-methylenedioxeamphetamine (MDA), 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-ethylamphetamine (MDEA), para-methoxyamphetamine (PMA), para-methoxy-N-methylamphetamine (PMMA), amphetamine (AMP), methamphetamine (METH), tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD)...
April 24, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Emily Z Roben, Karen Mangold, Christina Cochran
Introduction Emergency departments (EDs) see a surge of intoxicated patients during large public summer events. These patients can be distracting and complicated for ED staff to care for. Methods We developed two cases to prepare emergency department staff for an anticipated surge of patients related to a large music festival that occurs proximal to our pediatric hospital. We developed and performed cases of simulated patients with alcohol intoxication and methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) ingestion to review medical management of these patients, as well as to review many of the social aspects of the cases...
February 21, 2018: Curēus
Paul A Shuper, Duncan J MacLachlan, Narges Joharchi, Tim H Guimond, John Maxwell, Barry D Adam
This investigation sought to identify HIV-risk and -protective factors among men-who-have-sex-with-men (MSM) who engaged in anal sex following alcohol or substance use during an international Pride Festival. MSM attending World Pride were surveyed regarding (1) alcohol, substance use, and sex during the past 24 h; and (2) HIV-risk and -protective factors. Valid data were provided by 1123 MSM. Anal sex was reported by 195 MSM, among whom the majority (n = 105) consumed alcohol or substances prior to sex...
April 21, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
Joseph A Bellanti, Russell A Settipane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
Matthew E Rossheim, Kaylin M Greene, Caroline J Stephenson
OBJECTIVES: This qualitative study explored activities and situations that often result in young adults driving while under the influence of alcohol in rural Montana. METHODS: Eleven focus groups were conducted in 8 rural counties across Montana, and 72 persons (50.7% female, 63.4% college students) aged 18 to 25 years old participated. Focus groups were audio-recorded, transcribed, and narrative text segments were coded independently by 2 researchers. RESULTS: Participants noted a variety of situations specific to rural settings that promoted drunk driving by young adults...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
Alex J Krotulski, Donna M Papsun, Bruno S De Martinis, Amanda L A Mohr, Barry K Logan
N-ethyl pentylone (ephylone) has been identified as the most recent novel stimulant to emerge into the arena of evolving novel psychoactive substances (NPS). Due to its novelty, information regarding case reports with associated quantitative confirmations, biotransformation pathways, and identified unique metabolites will assist the scientific community in understanding the implications of the emergence and risks associated with N-ethyl pentylone use. Authentic blood specimens (n = 26) submitted as part of toxicological death investigations or drugged driving casework tested positive for N-ethyl pentylone, and were quantitatively analyzed by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS-MS)...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
Amanda Suggs, Mathew Loesch, Harib Ezaldein, Luisa Christensen, Danyelle Dawes, Elma Baron
IMPORTANCE: Surveying identical twins allows us to qualitatively separate genetic and environmental factors that may contribute to acne severity. OBJECTIVE: To study a cohort of identical and fraternal twins to identify environmental factors that may influence acne severity. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: A survey was administered to 139 identical and fraternal twin multiples (279 subjects) at the Annual Twins Day Festival in Twinsburg, Ohio on August 6-7, 2016...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Mark Porter, Iseult M Wilson, Liz Doherty, Justin Magee
BACKGROUND: The literature related to playing-related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMDs) primarily includes classical musicians and instrument-specific studies. Previous work by our team identified that PRMDs are an issue for Irish traditional fiddle players; however, the extent of the problem was not known. OBJECTIVE: To identify the type and extent of PRMDs in the Irish traditional music population, specifically fiddle players. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed and administered to faculty and students related to all Irish traditional music courses in all higher education institutions in Ireland...
March 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Shin-Lin Chiu, Mei-Jih Gee, Chih-Hsin Muo, Chiao-Lee Chu, Shou-Jen Lan, Chiu-Liang Chen
Various sociocultural factors affect healthcare-seeking behaviors. In Taiwanese society, superstitions and lunar festivals play important roles in people's lives. We investigated the impact of "Ghost Month" (the 7th lunar month) and Chinese New Year (the 12th lunar month and the 1st lunar month of the following year) on the number of elective surgeries and emergent surgeries in Taiwan. The number of total knee replacement (TKR) surgeries and proximal femur fracture (PFF) surgeries in each lunar month from 2000 to 2011 were extracted from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Database, a computerized and population-based database...
2018: PloS One
Shahina Pardhan, Georgina Nakafero, Rajiv Raman, Raju Sapkota
AIM: To determine whether barriers to diabetes awareness and self-help differ in South Asian participants of different demographic characteristics (age, gender, and literacy) with type 2 diabetes living in the United Kingdom. METHODS: Six focus group discussions (FGDs) were carried out in patients who were categorized according to age (30-60 years, ≥60 years), gender (male, female) and literacy status (literate, illiterate). Data were analysed following the iterative process of thematic analysis techniques...
March 26, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"