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Sonja Frimmel, J Tjeerd de Faber, Rene J Wubbels, Christoph Kniestedt, Dion Paridaens
PURPOSE: To study the type, severity, management and outcome of firework-related adnexal and ocular injuries during New Year's Eve festivities. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 123 injured patients (143 eyes) treated at the Rotterdam Eye Hospital between 2009 and 2013. All ages were included and analysed according to age, gender, active participant or bystander, laterality, location, dimension and severity of injury. Outcome parameter was the final best-corrected visual acuity...
March 13, 2018: Acta Ophthalmologica
Alison Hutton, Jamie Ranse, Matthew Brendan Munn
This report identifies what is known about audience motivations at three different mass-gathering events: outdoor music festivals, religious events, and sporting events. In light of these motivations, the paper discusses how these can be harnessed by the event organizer and Emergency Medical Services. Lastly, motivations tell what kinds of interventions can be used to achieve an understanding of audience characteristics and the opportunity to develop tailor-made programs to maximize safety and make long-lasting public health interventions to a particular "cohort" or event population...
February 19, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Dongsheng Ji, Yang Cui, Liang Li, Jun He, Lili Wang, Hongliang Zhang, Wan Wang, Luxi Zhou, Willy Maenhaut, Tianxue Wen, Yuesi Wang
The Spring Festival (SF) is the most important holiday in China for family reunion and tourism. During the 2015 SF an intensive observation campaign of air quality was conducted to study the impact of the anthropogenic activities and the dynamic characteristics of the sources. During the study period, pollution episodes frequently occurred with 12days exceeding the Chinese Ambient Air Quality Standards for 24-h average PM2.5 (75μg/m3 ), even 8days with exceeding 150μg/m3 . The daily maximum PM2.5 concentration reached 350μg/m3 while the hourly minimum visibility was <0...
February 12, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Rachel Emms, Nick Crossley
Translocal music worlds are often defined as networks of local music worlds. However, their networked character and more especially their network structure is generally assumed rather than concretely mapped and explored. Formal social network analysis (SNA) is beginning to attract interest in music sociology but it has not previously been used to explore a translocal music world. In this paper, drawing upon a survey of the participation of 474 enthusiasts in 148 live music events, spread across 6 localities, we use SNA to explore a significant "slice" of the network structure of the U...
February 2018: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
Joseph J Palamar, Marybec Griffin-Tomas, Patricia Acosta, Danielle C Ompad, Charles M Cleland
Alcohol, marijuana, and ecstasy (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine [MDMA], 'Molly') are among the most prevalent substances used by young adults; however, few studies have focused on the specific sexual effects associated with use. Examining subjective sexual effects (e.g. increased libido) associated with use can inform prevention efforts. Data were analysed from 679 nightclub and dance festival attendees in New York City (ages 18-25) to examine and compare self-reported sexual effects associated with use of alcohol, marijuana, and ecstasy...
2018: Psychology and Sexuality
Joy L Hart, Kandi L Walker, Clara G Sears, Lindsay K Tompkins, Alexander S Lee, Delvon T Mattingly, Allison Groom, Robyn Landry, Aida L Giachello, Thomas J Payne, Anshula Kesh, Allison Siu, Courteney Smith, Rose M Robertson
INTRODUCTION: In Appalachia, youth tobacco-use rates remain higher than the U.S. national average. Past research has indicated that several factors are related to high rates of tobacco use among Appalachian youth (e.g. low socioeconomic status, rural lifestyles). Of the Appalachian states, Kentucky has one of the highest rates of youth tobacco use. The aim of this study was to explore views of tobacco among Kentucky youth living in Appalachian counties. METHODS: In Fall 2014 - Spring 2015, focus group interviews were conducted with middle and high school students (N=109) in Appalachian counties in Kentucky...
January 2018: Tobacco Prevention & Cessation
Li Ma, Bofeng Cai, Feng Wu, Hui Zeng
Shenzhen's total industrial CO2 emission was calculated using the IPCC recommended bottom-up approach and data obtained from the China High Resolution Emission Gridded Data (CHRED). Monthly product yield was then used as the proxy to disaggregate a facility's total emission into monthly emissions. Since a thermal power unit's emission changes with daily and hourly power loads, typical power load curves were used as the proxy to disaggregate the monthly emissions on a daily and hourly basis. The daily and hourly emissions of other facilities were calculated according to two specially designed models: the "weekdays + Spring Festival holidays" model for February and the "weekdays + weekends" model for non-February months...
February 5, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Annette Fenner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2018: Nature Reviews. Urology
Kai Yang, Geng-Zhe Yu
The recognition and use of Aconitum carmichaeli have undergone various changes from the pre-Qin period to Tang dynasty. From "the drug of evil" to "the leader of hundreds of medicine ", people's understanding of A. carmichaeli is more and more deep and specific. The medicinal values of A. Carmichaeli have been excavated, and it is widely used in brewing skill, agricultural production, Taoism, Buddhism and festival customs. Its function is becoming more and more diversified and routinized. By studying it, we can glimpse some rules in the evolution of traditional Chinese medicine, for instance relationships between drugs and poisons, drugs and non-drug; the inheritance and integration of medical books' recording; the generalization and routinization of Chinese medicinal medicines' functions, and so on...
December 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Andrea Apolloni, Gaëlle Nicolas, Caroline Coste, Ahmed Bezeid El Mamy, Barry Yahya, Ahmed Salem El Arbi, Mohamed Baba Gueya, Doumbia Baba, Marius Gilbert, Renaud Lancelot
Understanding spatio-temporal patterns of host mobility is a key factor to prevent and control animal and human diseases. This is utterly important in low-income countries, where animal disease epidemics have strong socio-economic impacts. In this article we analyzed a livestock mobility database, whose data have been collected by the Centre National d'Elevage et de Recherches Vétérinaires (CNERV) Mauritania, to describe its patterns and temporal evolution. Data were collected through phone and face-to-face interviews in almost all the regions in Mauritania over a period of roughly two weeks during June 2015...
2018: PloS One
Jasmine D Spivey, Joseph G L Lee, Stacy W Smallwood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: American Journal of Public Health
Hoong Chor Chin, Mo Zhou
A number of studies on motor vehicle crashes have suggested that older drivers are more likely to be at-fault compared to younger drivers. The objective of this paper is to identify factors that contribute to older drivers (aged 65 and above) being at fault in light vehicle crashes in Singapore. Based on 3 years of crash data, the calibrated binary logit model shows that older drivers are more likely to be at fault during peak periods and festive seasons between November to February, as well as at gore areas of expressways, intersections...
January 5, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Niamh Day, Joshua Criss, Benjamin Griffiths, Shireen Kaur Gujral, Franklin John-Leader, Jennifer Johnston, Sabrina Pit
BACKGROUND: Drug checking is a harm reduction strategy which allows users to check the content and purity of illicit drugs. Although drug checking has been trialled internationally, with demonstrated value as a harm reduction and health promotion strategy, the use of such services in Australia remains a contentious issue. This study aimed to investigate the proportion and patterns of illicit drug use among young people, their attitudes towards drug checking at festivals and the potential impact of drug checking on intended drug use behaviour...
January 5, 2018: Harm Reduction Journal
Alex J Krotulski, Amanda L A Mohr, Melissa Friscia, Barry K Logan
The collection and analysis of drugs in oral fluid (OF) at the roadside has become more feasible with the introduction of portable testing devices such as the Alere™ DDS®2 Mobile Test System (DDS®2). The objective of this study was to compare the on-site results for the DDS®2 to laboratory-based confirmatory assays with respect to detection of drugs of abuse in human subjects. As part of a larger Institutional Review Board approved study, two OF samples were collected from each participant at a music festival in Miami, FL, USA...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
Zosia Kmietowicz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 28, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Amanda L A Mohr, Melissa Friscia, Jillian K Yeakel, Barry K Logan
Novel psychoactive substances (NPS), often characterized as unregulated psychoactive compounds designed to circumvent existing legislation, have become mainstream on the illicit drug market. Because of their physical and mind-altering properties, NPS may be deliberately or inadvertently ingested at electronic dance music (EDM) festivals to enhance the attendees' appreciation of the music and overall experience. Their widespread use at EDM festivals have been well documented and several adverse events and fatalities associated with NPS ingestion have been reported in the United States...
January 2018: Forensic Science International
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2017: British Dental Journal
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2017: British Dental Journal
Lysa S Remy, Juliana Scherer, Luciano Guimarães, Hilary L Surratt, Steven P Kurtz, Flavio Pechansky, Felix Kessler
BACKGROUND: This study examined drug use patterns and psychiatric symptoms of anxiety and depression among young Brazilian sexual minority ecstasy and LSD users and compared findings with those reported for their heterosexual peers. METHOD: This cross-sectional study employed targeted sampling and ethnographic mapping approaches via face-to-face interviews conducted at bars and electronic music festivals using an adapted, semi-structured version of the Global Appraisal of Individual Needs questionnaire...
November 13, 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Ross Keat, Paul Leavy, Mathew Thomas
The festive season presents oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS) dental core trainees (DCTs) with the challenges of managing an eclectic mix of emergencies. We present three such patients in this case series. First, Patient A, a 39-year-old homeless male who presented with a maxillary extra-oral draining sinus. Secondly, Patient B, a 38-year-old intra-venous (IV) drug user who suffered pan-facial fractures following an alcohol-fuelled assault. Finally, Patient C, a 38-year-old male who sustained a left zygomatic complex fracture a week previously, in attendance for corrective surgery...
December 2016: Dental Update
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