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Damian Hoy, Salanieta T Saketa, Roy Roger Maraka, Alison Sio, Ian Wanyeki, Pascal Frison, Divi Ogaoga, Dennie Iniakawala, Cynthia Joshua, Sala Duituturaga, Christelle Lepers, Adam Roth, Paul White, Yvan Souares
Mass gatherings pose public health challenges to host countries, as they can cause or exacerbate disease outbreaks within the host location or elsewhere. In July 2012, the 11th Festival of Pacific Arts (FOPA), a mass gathering event involving 22 Pacific island states and territories, was hosted by Solomon Islands. An enhanced syndromic surveillance (ESS) system was implemented for the event. Throughout the capital city, Honiara, 15 sentinel sites were established and successfully took part in the ESS system, which commenced one week before the FOPA (25 June) and concluded eight days after the event (22 July)...
July 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
Lynn R Gilbertson, Liza E Thies, Donna J H Vosburgh
One of the leading causes of noise induced hearing loss is occupational noise exposure; however, little attention has been given to the exposure among amusement ride operators. According to the International Association of Amusement Parks and Attractions, 600,000 ride operators are employed in the United States. The first objective of this descriptive study was to evaluate if ride operators were exposed to noise levels over 85 dB. The second objective was to classify the ride features that led to the highest noise levels...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
Lyndal Carter, Deborah Black, Anita Bundy, Warwick Williams
BACKGROUND: Since amplified music gained widespread popularity, there has been community concern that leisure-noise exposure may cause hearing loss in adolescents and young adults who would otherwise be free from hearing impairment. Repeated exposure to personal stereo players and music events (e.g., nightclubbing, rock concerts, and music festivals) are of particular concern. The same attention has not been paid to leisure-noise exposure risks for young people with hearing impairment (either present from birth or acquired before adulthood)...
October 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Megan S C Lim, Alyce M Vella, Danielle R Horyniak, Margaret E Hellard
Background: Sexting is a common emerging phenomenon. This study aims to explore young people's attitudes towards sexting. Methods: Participants (n=469, age range 15-29 years) were recruited at a music festival and self-completed a questionnaire. Attitudes towards sexting were assessed using a series of seven statements, rated on a five-point Likert scale from 'strongly agree' to 'strongly disagree'. Correlates of sexting attitudes were determined using multivariable regression. Results: Forty-six percent of respondents reported ever sexting...
October 7, 2016: Sexual Health
Dhruv S Kazi, P Gregg Greenough, Rishi Madhok, Aaron Heerboth, Ahmed Shaikh, Jennifer Leaning, Satchit Balsari
BACKGROUND: Planning for mass gatherings often includes temporary healthcare systems to address the needs of attendees. However, paper-based record keeping has traditionally precluded the timely application of collected clinical data for epidemic surveillance or optimization of healthcare delivery. We evaluated the feasibility of harnessing ubiquitous mobile technologies for conducting disease surveillance and monitoring resource utilization at the Allahabad Kumbh Mela in India, a 55-day festival attended by over 70 million people...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Public Health
Sudip Kumar Ghosh, Debabrata Bandyopadhyay, Megha Agarwal, Olympia Rudra
BACKGROUND: "Holi" is a spring festival celebrated primarily in the Indian subcontinent and also abroad by expatriate Indians. It is a festival of colors, traditionally celebrated by mutual application of colors in different forms on a particular day of the year. These colors frequently comprise a range of synthetic dyes which have harmful effects on the skin and mucosae. Children take part in this colorful festival with much enthusiasm and vigor, making them prone to develop different "Holi"-related dermatoses...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Ari R Joffe, Meredith Bara, Natalie Anton, Nathan Nobis
To determine what are considered acceptable standards for animal research (AR) methodology and translation rate to humans, a validated survey was sent to: a) a sample of the general public, via Sampling Survey International (SSI; Canada), Amazon Mechanical Turk (AMT; USA), a Canadian city festival (CF) and a Canadian children's hospital (CH); b) a sample of medical students (two first-year classes); and c) a sample of scientists (corresponding authors and academic paediatricians). There were 1379 responses from the general public sample (SSI, n = 557; AMT, n = 590; CF, n = 195; CH, n = 102), 205/330 (62%) medical student responses, and 23/323 (7%, too few to report) scientist responses...
September 2016: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals: ATLA
Astrid M Roy-Engel
The Tenth International Conference on Transcription by RNA Polymerases I, III, IV and V (the 'Odd Pols') was held June 24-28, 2016 at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA and organized by David Engelke, Deborah Johnson, Richard Maraia, Lawrence Rothblum, David Schneider, Andrzej Wierzbicki and Astrid Engel. The organizers are grateful for the support from the Rackham Graduate School of the University of Michigan for providing the meeting venue. The environment provided a great background with unexpected encounters with fireflies, free live music and a festive fireworks display...
September 21, 2016: Gene
Joseph J Palamar, Patricia Acosta, Danielle C Ompad, Charles M Cleland
BACKGROUND: Ecstasy (MDMA) use has regained popularity in the United States, particularly in the form of "Molly," which is often marketed as pure MDMA. Surveys have generally not included "Molly" in the definition of ecstasy, so rates of use may be underestimated. As popularity of ecstasy increases, research is needed to examine use among those at highest risk for use-nightlife attendees. METHODS: We surveyed 679 young adults (age 18-25) entering nightclubs and festivals holding electronic dance music (EDM) parties in New York City in 2015...
September 23, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
Kathryn M Tanaka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Medical History
Katrin Bossmann, Sabine Bach, Conny Höflich, Kerttu Valtanen, Rita Heinze, Anett Neumann, Wolfgang Straff, Katrin Süring
BACKGROUND: At Holi festivals, originally celebrated in India but more recently all over the world, people throw coloured powder (Holi powder, Holi colour, Gulal powder) at each other. Adverse health effects, i.e. skin and ocular irritations as well as respiratory problems may be the consequences. The aim of this study was to uncover some of the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: We analysed four different Holi colours regarding particle size using an Electric field cell counting system...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Chi-Chi Lin
Implications Unique physical and chemical properties of ambient PM during short-term FW/FC burning can lead to a substantial increase in adverse health effects compared with during non-FW/FC periods. Further epidemiological and toxicological research into the potential health effects resulting from exposure to various pollutants from FW/FC is vital. Geographical distributions of PM concentrations during FW displays highlight the importance of implementing PM controls at the regional level and formulating stricter protective environmental legislation, particularly in Asian (e...
September 6, 2016: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
Sherly Parackal
BACKGROUND: South Asians (SA) have a four to five fold higher risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in comparison to other Asian migrant groups. Dietary patterns have been attributed as an important independent modifiable risk factor. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review is to document the dietary patterns of SA migrants in Western countries and to summarize the evidence for the association of dietary patterns with T2DM and its pre-disposing factors. METHODS: Using key search words articles from 1990 onwards were sourced from MEDLINE ProQuest and PubMed (not MEDLINE) databases for this narrative review...
August 31, 2016: Current Diabetes Reviews
David B Reid
Hypnosis has often, and primarily, been portrayed as a mystical means that controls and exploits vulnerable and defenseless people. Sources accused of perpetuating hypnosis myths and misconceptions have included numerous media productions and stage demonstrations at state fairs and festivals. Ironically, one largely unexamined potential culprit disseminating misinformation about hypnosis is the field of clinical hypnosis itself. This article not only questions the legitimacy of the term "hypnotic induction" and its derivatives but also explores the potential impact these terms have on the perpetuation of hypnosis myths and misconceptions...
October 2016: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
Juliet Kinyua, Noelia Negreira, Bram Miserez, Ana Causanilles, Erik Emke, Lies Gremeaux, Pim de Voogt, John Ramsey, Adrian Covaci, Alexander L N van Nuijs
Concerns about new psychoactive substances (NPS) are increasing due to the rising frequency of serious intoxications. Analysis of biological fluids (urine) is necessary to get reliable information about the use of these substances. However, it is a challenging task due to the lack of analytical standards and the dynamic character of the NPS market. In the present work, a qualitative screening of NPS was carried out in 23 pooled urine samples collected from a city center in the UK and festivals in the UK and Belgium...
August 26, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Chengzhen Bao, Pengfei Chai, Hongbo Lin, Zhenyu Zhang, Zhenhua Ye, Mengjia Gu, Huaichu Lu, Peng Shen, Mingjuan Jin, Jianbing Wang, Kun Chen
Recently, air pollution has attracted a substantial amount of attention in China. Although air pollution can be influenced by a variety of factors, the association between air pollution and human activity is not quite clear. Based on the real-time online data (Jan 1, 2014 to Dec 31, 2014) on air pollution and meteorology, reported on official sites, as well as the demographic, economic and environmental reform data from the statistical yearbook, the influences of meteorological factors (temperature, relative humidity, precipitation intensity, and wind force) and human activities on the pollution from particulate matter less than 2...
August 30, 2016: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
Tron V Tronstad, Femke B Gelderblom
Most countries have guidelines to regulate sound exposure at concerts and music festivals. These guidelines limit the allowed sound pressure levels and the concert/festival's duration. In Norway, where there is such a guideline, it is up to the local authorities to impose the regulations. The need to prevent hearing-loss among festival participants is self-explanatory, but knowledge of the actual dose received by visitors is extremely scarce. This study looks at two Norwegian music festivals where only one was regulated by the Norwegian guideline for concert and music festivals...
July 2016: Noise & Health
Alexis D Rivero-Romero, Ana I Moreno-Calles, Alejandro Casas, Alicia Castillo, Andrés Camou-Guerrero
BACKGROUND: Traditional climate knowledge is a comprehensive system of insights, experiences and practices used by peasant communities to deal with the uncertainties of climate conditions affecting their livelihood. This knowledge is today as relevant in the Mesoamerican and Andean regions as it is in Europe and Asia. Our research sought to analyze the traditional knowledge about the weather and climate in a rural village of the state of Tlaxcala, Mexico, and its importance in decision-making in agriculture...
2016: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Igor Bodík, Tomáš Mackuľak, Milota Fáberová, Lucia Ivanová
We analyzed illicit drugs and their metabolites and pharmaceuticals in wastewater from 15 selected wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in Slovakia. Our results indicate that methamphetamine is one of the most commonly used illegal drugs in all the regions of Slovakia monitored in this study. Compared with the international results, the Slovak cities of Dunajská Streda (479 mg/day/1000inh) and Trnava (354 mg/day/1000inh) are among the cities with the largest numbers of methamphetamine users in Europe. These results indicate an increase in the incidence of drugs in big cities and in the satellite cities (Trnava and Dunajská Streda) near Bratislava...
August 17, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Avalon de Bruijn, Jacqueline Tanghe, Rebecca de Leeuw, Rutger Engels, Peter Anderson, Franca Beccaria, Michał Bujalski, Corrado Celata, Jordy Gosselt, Dirk Schreckenberg, Luiza Słodownik, Jördis Wothge, Wim van Dalen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This is the first study to examine the effect of alcohol marketing exposure on adolescents' drinking in a cross-national context. The aim was to examine reciprocal processes between exposure to a wide range of alcohol marketing types and adolescent drinking, controlled for non-alcohol branded media exposure. DESIGN: Prospective observational study (11-12- and 14-17-month intervals), using a three-wave autoregressive cross-lagged model. SETTING: School-based sample in 181 state-funded schools in Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Poland...
October 2016: Addiction
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