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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160330/anxiety-and-depression-symptoms-in-brazilian-sexual-minority-ecstasy-and-lsd-users
#1
Lysa S Remy, Juliana Scherer, Luciano Guimarães, Hilary L Surratt, Steven P Kurtz, Flavio Pechansky, Felix Kessler
BACKGROUND: This study examined drug use patterns and psychiatric symptoms of anxiety and depression among young Brazilian sexual minority ecstasy and LSD users and compared findings with those reported for their heterosexual peers. METHOD: This cross-sectional study employed targeted sampling and ethnographic mapping approaches via face-to-face interviews conducted at bars and electronic music festivals using an adapted, semi-structured version of the Global Appraisal of Individual Needs questionnaire...
November 13, 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155541/a-festive-case-series-of-emergencies-admissions-and-friendship-at-a-busy-oral-and-maxillofacial-unit
#2
Ross Keat, Paul Leavy, Mathew Thomas
The festive season presents oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS) dental core trainees (DCTs) with the challenges of managing an eclectic mix of emergencies. We present three such patients in this case series. First, Patient A, a 39-year-old homeless male who presented with a maxillary extra-oral draining sinus. Secondly, Patient B, a 38-year-old intra-venous (IV) drug user who suffered pan-facial fractures following an alcohol-fuelled assault. Finally, Patient C, a 38-year-old male who sustained a left zygomatic complex fracture a week previously, in attendance for corrective surgery...
December 2016: Dental Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151097/the-dancing-manias-psychogenic-illness-as-a-social-phenomenon
#3
Douglas J Lanska
The dancing mania erupted in the 14th century in the wake of the Black Death, and recurred for centuries in central Europe - particularly Germany, the Netherlands, and Belgium - finally abating in the early 17th century. The term "dancing mania" was derived from "choreomania," a concatenation of choros (dance) and mania (madness). A variant, tarantism, was prevalent in southern Italy from the 15th to the 17th centuries, and was attributed at the time to bites from the tarantula spider. Affected individuals participated in continuous, prolonged, erratic, often frenzied and sometimes erotic, dancing...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148866/drugs-of-abuse-and-novel-psychoactive-substances-at-outdoor-music-festivals-in-colorado
#4
Jacob Fox, Alexis Smith, Alexander Yale, Christopher Chow, Elsa Alaswad, Tracy Cushing, Andrew A Monte
BACKGROUND: Drugs of abuse (DOA) are widely used in the United States and are ubiquitous at outdoor music festivals. Attendees at music festivals are at high-risk for novel psychoactive substance (NPS) use, which is becoming more prevalent worldwide. No U.S. studies have employed an qualitative approach to investigate the etiologies of both traditional DOA and NPS use amongst music festival attendees. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to improve understanding of the knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and practices of festival attendees using NPS and DOA...
November 17, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141337/-epidemiology-of-imported-infectious-diseases-in-china-2013-2016
#5
Y L Wang, X Wang, R Q Ren, L Zhou, W W Tu, D X Ni, Q Li, Z J Feng, Y P Zhang
Objective: To describe the epidemic of imported infectious diseases in China between 2013 and 2016, including the kinds of infectious diseases, affected provinces, source countries and the epidemiological characteristics, and provide scientific information for the prevention and control of imported infectious diseases. Methods: Data of cases of imported infectious diseases in China from 2013 to 2016 were collected from national information reporting system of infectious diseases, Microsoft Excel 2010 and SPSS 18...
November 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133160/the-changes-of-red-blood-cell-viscoelasticity-and-sports-anemia-in-male-24-hr-ultra-marathoners
#6
Che-Hung Liu, Yen-Fang Tseng, Jiun-I Lai, Yin-Quan Chen, Shih-Hao Wang, Wei-Fong Kao, Li-Hua Li, Yu-Hui Chiu, Chorng-Kuang How, Wen-Han Chang
BACKGROUND: In endurance sports, stress, dehydration and release of chemical factors have been associated with red blood cell (RBC) alterations of structure and function, which may contribute to sports anemia, a well-observed phenomenon during long-distance running. Until now, the investigation of the changes of viscoelastic properties of RBC membrane, a decisive factor of RBC deformability to avoid hemolysis, is lacking, especially in an Oriental population. METHODS: nineteen runners were prospectively recruited into our study...
November 10, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108735/emergency-department-patient-burden-from-an-electronic-dance-music-festival
#7
Neeraj Chhabra, Renee P Gimbar, Lisa M Walla, Trevonne M Thompson
BACKGROUND: Electronic dance music (EDM) festivals are increasingly common and psychoactive substance use is prevalent. Although prehospital care can obviate the transfer of many attendees to health care facilities (HCFs), little is known regarding the emergency department (ED) burden of patients presenting from EDM festivals. OBJECTIVES: This study describes the patient volume, length of stay (LOS), and presenting complaints of patients from a 3-day EDM festival in close proximity to an area ED...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102358/solid-waste-prevention-and-management-at-green-festivals-a-case-study-of-the-andan%C3%A3-as-festival-portugal
#8
Graça Martinho, Ana Gomes, Mário Ramos, Pedro Santos, Graça Gonçalves, Miguel Fonseca, Ana Pires
Research on waste prevention and management at green festivals is scarce. The present study helps to fill this gap by analyzing waste prevention/reduction and management measures implemented at the Andanças festival, Portugal. Waste characterization campaigns and a questionnaire survey were conducted during the festival. The results show that the largest amount of waste generated was residual waste, followed by food and kitchen waste and packaging waste. The amount of waste generated per person per day at the festival was lower than that of other festivals for both the entire venue and the canteen...
October 25, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065881/the-implications-of-ritual-practices-and-ritual-plant-uses-on-nature-conservation-a-case-study-among-the-naxi-in-yunnan-province-southwest-china
#9
Yanfei Geng, Guoxiong Hu, Sailesh Ranjitkar, Yinxian Shi, Yu Zhang, Yuhua Wang
BACKGROUND: Conservation of biodiversity is primary important of today's critically vulnerable environment. Efficient conservation can be possible only with the long-term participation and understanding of the communities. Ritual beliefs of the indigenous people are one of the important tools to understand the local communities and aid the nature conservation. In this paper, we documented contemporary ritual practices and ritual plant uses among the Naxi people and discussed the importance of traditional knowledge on ritual practice in the conservation of plants in the mountains presenting a case study of the Dongba culture...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019668/application-of-targeted-metabolomics-to-investigate-optimum-growing-conditions-to-enhance-bioactive-content-of-strawberry
#10
Ikram Akhatou, Ana Sayago, Raúl González-Domínguez, Ángeles Fernández-Recamales
A simple, sensitive, and rapid assay based on liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry was designed for simultaneous quantitation of secondary metabolites in order to investigate the influence of variety and agronomic conditions on the biosynthesis of bioactive compounds in strawberry. For this purpose, strawberries belonging to three varieties with different sensitivity to environmental conditions ('Camarosa', 'Festival', 'Palomar') were grown in a soilless system under multiple agronomic conditions (electrical conductivity, substrate type, and coverage)...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960159/an-exploratory-study-of-cannabis-festivals-and-their-attendees-in-two-european-cities-amsterdam-and-berlin
#11
Kostas Skliamis, Dirk J Korf
This study was designed to explore the nature and features of cannabis festivals, characteristics of festival participants, and reasons for attendance. A field study in two European cities (Amsterdam and Berlin) included participant observation at the festivals, interviews with local organizers, and a survey among festival attendees (n = 728). Both festivals had common features, but also showed distinct differences. At both festivals, nine out of 10 participants were current, often daily cannabis users. Participants were mainly young adults (mean = 26...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937933/what-s-in-a-name-correlates-of-ecstasy-users-knowing-or-agreeing-that-molly-is-ecstasy-mdma
#12
Joseph J Palamar
Ecstasy (MDMA) has regained popularity in powder and crystalline form, known as Molly. However, it is unknown whether all Molly users are aware that Molly is ecstasy. A total of 1045 nightclub/festival-attending adults in New York City were surveyed about ecstasy/MDMA/Molly use in 2016. Users were asked if they agreed that "Molly is (or is supposed to be) ecstasy/MDMA." Of the 43.5% reporting lifetime use, 84.6% agreed that Molly is ecstasy, 9.5% disagreed, and 5.9% reported not knowing that Molly is ecstasy...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854108/citizen-science-as-a-tool-for-mosquito-control
#13
Rebecca C Jordan, Amanda E Sorensen, Shannon Ladeau
In this paper, we share our findings from a 2-year citizen science program called Mosquito Stoppers. This pest-oriented citizen science project is part of a larger coupled natural-human systems project seeking to understand the fundamental drivers of mosquito population density and spatial variability in potential exposure to mosquito-borne pathogens in a matrix of human construction, urban renewal, and individual behaviors. Focusing on residents in West Baltimore, participants were recruited through neighborhood workshops and festivals...
September 2017: Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836233/regulatory-effects-on-particulate-pollution-in-the-early-hours-of-chinese-new-year-2015
#14
Yonghang Lai, Peter Brimblecombe
Human activities are a key driver of air pollution, so it is hardly surprising that celebrations affect air quality. The use of fireworks contributes to high particulate concentrations in many parts of the world, with the Chinese Lunar New Year (spring festival) particularly noticeable, as firecrackers are traditionally used to drive off evil spirits. Fireworks lead to short-term peaks in the concentration of PM10, PM2.5 and SO2. Regulatory actions that restrict the use of fireworks have been evident in China since the 1990s...
August 23, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814125/recreational-drug-use-at-a-major-music-festival-trend-analysis-of-anonymised-pooled-urine
#15
Lotte Christine Groth Hoegberg, Cecilie Christiansen, Jesper Soe, Rasmus Telving, Mette Findal Andreasen, Dan Staerk, Lona Louring Christrup, Kenneth Thermann Kongstad
OBJECTIVE: The spread of new psychoactive substances (NPS) has expanded rapidly in the last decade. The complexity of the pharmacological effects of NPS challenges the traditional treatment guidelines, and information of the emergence of new arrivals is valuable. Our knowledge on the actual range of recreational drugs used and NPS available in Denmark is limited as identification is possible only when consumers become patients in the healthcare system or through drug seizures. We aimed to detect classical recreational drugs and NPS in the urine of music festival attendees and evaluate if the use of NPS could have been predicted by comparing study data with drug seizure data from the previous year published by European and Danish health authorities...
August 17, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805738/vibroacoustic-impact-on-the-architectonic-heritage-when-using-replicas-of-16th-century-weapons
#16
Angel Tomas Lloret, Sandra Sendra, Jaime Lloret, Romina Del Rey, Miguel Louis Cereceda
The recreation of historical battles next to old buildings, walls, churches, fortifications or historical facades belonging to the historical heritage of a city, has always been a source of controversy and discussion. In the absence of a clear legislation about how these buildings can be affected by the use of blunderbusses and pyrotechnics, it is necessary to carry out practical experiments to test the effect of these celebrations on these buildings. For this reason, this paper presents a set of practical experiments where the vibroacoustic effect of using weapons such as blunderbusses and harquebuses is analyzed...
August 14, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764563/patient-profiles-as-organizing-hiv-clinicians-art-adherence-management-a-qualitative-analysis
#17
Isabelle Toupin, Kim Engler, David Lessard, Leo Wong, Andràs Lènàrt, Francois Raffi, Bruno Spire, Bertrand Lebouché
The effectiveness of antiretroviral therapy (ART) depends on optimal clinical management and patient adherence. Little is known about patient characteristics that clinicians consider in the management of ART adherence. Exploring this issue, five focus groups were conducted with 31 HIV-clinicians from across France. A qualitative typological analysis suggests that clinician management of patient adherence is based on characteristics that coalesce into seven patient profiles. For the "passive" patient, described as taking ART exactly as prescribed without questioning their doctor's expertise, a directive and simple management style was preferred...
August 1, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759227/molecular-chemistry-of-atmospheric-brown-carbon-inferred-from-a-nationwide-biomass-burning-event
#18
Peng Lin, Nir Bluvshtein, Yinon Rudich, Sergey A Nizkorodov, Julia Laskin, Alexander Laskin
Lag Ba'Omer, a nationwide bonfire festival in Israel, was chosen as a case study to investigate the influence of a major biomass burning event on the light absorption properties of atmospheric brown carbon (BrC). The chemical composition and optical properties of BrC chromophores were investigated using a high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) platform coupled to photo diode array (PDA) and high resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) detectors. Substantial increase of BrC light absorption coefficient was observed during the night-long biomass burning event...
October 17, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749540/declining-prevalence-of-undiagnosed-hiv-in-melbourne-results-from-community-based-bio-behavioural-studies-of-gay-and-bisexual-men
#19
Mark Stoové, Jason Asselin, Alisa Pedrana, Toby Lea, Margaret Hellard, David Wilson, Garrett Prestage, John de Wit, Martin Holt
OBJECTIVE: To measure changes in undiagnosed HIV among gay and bisexual men (GBM) in Melbourne. METHODS: Undiagnosed HIV was compared between GBM recruited anonymously in 2008 in gay venues only and GBM anonymously or confidentially (results delivery) recruited in 2014 at gay venues and a community festival. Surveys were completed and oral fluid specimens collected for HIV testing; positive tests among GBM reporting being HIV-negative or unknown/untested were classified as undiagnosed...
July 27, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733094/isolated-non-cardiogenic-pulmonary-edema-a-rare-complication-of-mdma-toxicity
#20
Astrid Haaland, Elliot Warman, Illya Pushkar, Antonios Likourezos, Matt S Friedman
This is a case of a 19-year-old male who presented to the medical tent at an outdoor electronic dance music festival (EDMF) due to an altered mental state in the setting of acute 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) intoxication. He was noted to be in severe respiratory distress, required endotracheal intubation in the field and subsequently developed Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) without other acute organ dysfunction. He was hospitalized for 5days requiring endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation...
September 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
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