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Helen L Parker, Jelena Curcic, Henriette Heinrich, Matthias Sauter, Michael Hollenstein, Werner Schwizer, Edoardo Savarino, Mark Fox
BACKGROUND: Digestive discomfort after meals is common in the community, especially during the festive season. It is uncertain whether this is related to intake of either high-calorie or high-fat foods or, alternatively, intake of specific foods. This prospective, cross-sectional study tested the hypothesis that the risk of reflux or dyspepsia is associated with the fat content of the meal independent of caloric load in a 'real-life' setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four festive meals were served to delegates attending a conference on four consecutive days...
January 19, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Shigemori Shibata, Hiroaki Kawano, Koji Maemura
Objective The Nagasaki Kunchi Festival is one of the most famous festivals in Nagasaki. The bearers the floats that are used in this festival undergo long-term training for the performance. However, there have not been any studies on the effects of this training on the health of the float bearers. Methods Thirty-four men ranging in age from 20 to 49 years (mean age: 35.77.6 years) were included in the study. We examined the following parameters before and after the training: body weight (BW), body mass index (BMI), body fat percentage, muscle volume, systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), pulse rate (PR), pulse pressure (PP), bearing power, arterial pressure volume index (API), and arterial velocity pulse index (AVI)...
2017: Internal Medicine
Yang Song, Xiaoming Wan, Shuoxin Bai, Dong Guo, Ci Ren, Yu Zeng, Yirui Li, Xuewen Li
BACKGROUND: The elevation and dissipation of pollutants after the ignition of fireworks in different functional areas of a valley city were investigated. METHODS: The Air Quality Index (AQI) as well as inter-day and intra-day concentrations of various air pollutants (PM10, PM2.5, SO2, NO2, CO, O3) were measured during two episodes that took place during Chinese New Year festivities. RESULTS: For the special terrain of Jinan, the mean concentrations of pollutants increased sharply within 2-4 h of the firework displays, and concentrations were 4-6 times higher than the usual levels...
2017: PloS One
Shuhui Zhao, Liqi Chen, Jinpei Yan, Hangyu Chen
To comparatively analyze lead (Pb)-containing particles during and after the Chinese Spring Festival (SF), real-time single-particle aerosol mass spectrometry (SPAMS) was conducted in Xiamen during February 9-19 and March 4-14, 2013. Pb-containing particles were found in 2.4% and 5.3% of the total particle numbers during and after SF, respectively. Based on the SPAMS mass spectral results, the Pb-containing particles were classified into three major types and 11 subtypes: Pb-rich particles comprising Pb-nitrate, Pb-sulfate and Pb-chloride; K-rich particles comprising K-nitrate, K-sulfate, K-metal, K-carbonaceous, K-phosphate, and K-chloride; and metal particles including Fe-rich and Mn-nitrate particles...
December 19, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Jack Bowden, Chris Jackson
The funnel plot is a graphical visualization of summary data estimates from a meta-analysis, and is a useful tool for detecting departures from the standard modeling assumptions. Although perhaps not widely appreciated, a simple extension of the funnel plot can help to facilitate an intuitive interpretation of the mathematics underlying a meta-analysis at a more fundamental level, by equating it to determining the center of mass of a physical system. We used this analogy to explain the concepts of weighing evidence and of biased evidence to a young audience at the Cambridge Science Festival, without recourse to precise definitions or statistical formulas and with a little help from Sherlock Holmes! Following on from the science fair, we have developed an interactive web-application (named the Meta-Analyser) to bring these ideas to a wider audience...
October 1, 2016: American Statistician
Matt S Friedman, Alex Plocki, Antonios Likourezos, Illya Pushkar, Andrew N Bazos, Christian Fromm, Benjamin W Friedman
Mass-Gathering Medicine studies have identified variables that predict greater patient presentation rates (PPRs) and transport to hospital rates (TTHRs). This is a descriptive report of patients who presented for medical attention at an annual electronic dance music festival (EDMF). At this large, single EDMF in New York City (NYC; New York, USA), the frequency of patient presentation, the range of presentations, and interventions performed were identified. This descriptive report examined consecutive patients who presented to the medical tent of a summertime EDMF held at an outdoor venue with an active, mobile, bounded crowd...
December 16, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
(no author information available yet)
The festive season is looming, and for many this means plenty of food, socialising and alcohol.
December 14, 2016: Nursing Standard
Karina M Hall, Daniel G Brieger, Sukhita H De Silva, Benjamin F Pfister, Daniel J Youlden, Franklin John-Leader, Sabrina W Pit
Objectives. To determine the confidence and ability to use condoms correctly and consistently and the predictors of confidence in young Australians attending a festival. Methods. 288 young people aged 18 to 29 attending a mixed-genre music festival completed a survey measuring demographics, self-reported confidence using condoms, ability to use condoms, and issues experienced when using condoms in the past 12 months. Results. Self-reported confidence using condoms was high (77%). Multivariate analyses showed confidence was associated with being male (P < 0...
2016: Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
L Huang, K P Adhikary, B P Choulagai, N Wang, A K Poudyal, S R Onta
INTRODUCTION: Road traffic accident is alarming in Nepal. The objective of this research is to find out the characteristics of RTA in central part of Nepal. METHODS: A prospective descriptive study was taken from 1 August 2014 to 31 July 2015. Data were collected from postmortem department and nine hospitals in Kathmandu Valley. Inventory sheets with targeted variables for secondary sources were created. RESULTS: A total of 3461 morbidity cases from hospitals and 265 mortality cases from postmortem department were included in this study...
July 2016: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
Sheila A Turris, Adam Lund
OBJECTIVE: Deaths at music festivals are not infrequently reported in the media; however, the true mortality burden is difficult to determine as the deaths are not yet systematically documented in the academic literature. METHODS: This was a literature search for case examples using academic and gray literature sources, employing both retrospective and prospective searches of media sources from 1999-2014. RESULTS: The gray literature documents a total of 722 deaths, including traumatic (594/722; 82%) and non-traumatic (128/722; 18%) causes...
December 8, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Daisy Fancourt, Thomas Mw Burton, Aaron Williamon
OBJECTIVE: Over the past few decades there has been interest in the role of music in the operating theatre. However, despite many reported benefits, a number of potentially harmful effects of music have been identified. This study aimed to explore the effects of rock and classical music on surgical speed, accuracy and perceived distraction when performing multiorgan resection in the board game Operation. DESIGN: Single-blind, three-arm, randomised controlled trial...
December 12, 2016: Medical Journal of Australia
Filipe Rodrigues, Stanislav Borysov, Bernardete Ribeiro, Francisco Pereira
Public special events, like sports games, concerts and festivals are well known to create disruptions in transportation systems, often catching the operators by surprise. Although these are usually planned well in advance, their impact is difficult to predict, even when organisers and transportation operators coordinate. The problem highly increases when several events happen concurrently. To solve these problems, costly processes, heavily reliant on manual search and personal experience, are usual practice in large cities like Singapore, London or Tokyo...
December 2, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
Mandy Day-Calder
Following the success of the NHS Choir and all the happy #NHSworkingXmas tweets last year, the public could be forgiven for thinking that healthcare staff are always the epitome of Christmas cheer.
December 7, 2016: Nursing Standard
Annabel De Coster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2016: British Journal of Community Nursing
Samad Shams Vahdati, Jamil Hemmate Gadim, Hossein Mazouchian
BACKGROUND: Iranian people celebrate the last Wednesday eve of the year as Chaharshanbe Suri and use explosives and firecrackers as part of this festival. OBJECTIVES: This study concerned fireworks injuries related to the Chaharshanbe Suri festival in Tabriz, a provincial capital in East Azerbaijan, Iran, to evaluate the epidemiology and provide data to prevent and manage these accidents. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was comprised of patients who were treated at the emergency department of Tabriz Sina hospital with burn injuries related to fireworks...
July 2016: Trauma Monthly
Kelsey K Sewell, Larissa A McGarrity, Donald S Strassberg
Prior research has examined how heterosexual individuals define sex; however, these studies have rarely focused on sexual minority individuals or included a full range of applicable sexual behaviors. Participants were recruited from a local Pride Festival across two years. Study 1 (N = 329) was primarily descriptive and examined which physically intimate behaviors lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) participants included in their definitions of sex and the behaviors in which they had previously engaged. Study 2 (N = 393) utilized a between-subjects design to assess differences in definitions of sex when judging one's own behavior compared with that of a partner outside of the relationship...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
Olivier le Polain de Waroux, Vanessa Saliba, Simon Cottrell, Nick Young, Malorie Perry, Antoaneta Bukasa, Mary Ramsay, Kevin Brown, Gayatri Amirthalingam
We report 52 cases of measles linked to music and arts festivals in England and Wales, between mid-June and mid-October 2016. Nearly half were aged 15 to 19 years. Several individuals who acquired measles at one festival subsequently attended another festival while infectious, resulting in multiple interlinked outbreaks. Transmission within festivals resulted in a geographical spread of cases nationally as well as internationally, which presents particular challenges for measles control.
November 3, 2016: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
Subramanian Kannan, Shriraam Mahadevan, Krishna Seshadri, Dhalapathy Sadacharan, Kumaravel Velayutham
Religious practices and cultural customs related to eating habits have a significant impact on lifestyle and health of the community. The Ramadan fasting in Muslims and its influence on various metabolic parameters such as diabetes have been reasonably studied. However, literature related to Hindu religious customs related to fasting and food patterns during various festivals and its effect on diabetes are scarce. This article is an attempt to describe the Hindu religious customs related to fasting and food practices from the State of Tamil Nadu (South India) and to raise the awareness among physicians about its relationship with diabetes which may help in managing their diabetic patients in a better way...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
J Schneider, P Galettis, M Williams, C Lucas, J H Martin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Internal Medicine Journal
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 4, 2016: British Dental Journal
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