keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Functional movement

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922625/living-and-dying-with-advanced-dementia-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-symptoms-service-use-and-care-at-the-end-of-life
#1
Elizabeth L Sampson, Bridget Candy, Sarah Davis, Anna Buylova Gola, Jane Harrington, Michael King, Nuriye Kupeli, Gerry Leavey, Kirsten Moore, Irwin Nazareth, Rumana Z Omar, Victoria Vickerstaff, Louise Jones
BACKGROUND: Increasing number of people are dying with advanced dementia. Comfort and quality of life are key goals of care. AIMS: To describe (1) physical and psychological symptoms, (2) health and social care service utilisation and (3) care at end of life in people with advanced dementia. DESIGN: 9-month prospective cohort study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Greater London, England, people with advanced dementia (Functional Assessment Staging Scale 6e and above) from 14 nursing homes or their own homes...
August 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922517/effective-relief-of-pain-and-associated-symptoms-with-closed-loop-spinal-cord-stimulation-system-preliminary-results-of-the-avalon-study
#2
Marc Russo, Michael J Cousins, Charles Brooker, Nathan Taylor, Tillman Boesel, Richard Sullivan, Lawrence Poree, Nastaran Hesam Shariati, Erin Hanson, John Parker
OBJECTIVES: Conventional spinal cord stimulation (SCS) delivers a fixed-input of energy into the dorsal column. Physiologic effects such as heartbeat, respiration, spinal cord movement, and history of stimulation can cause both the perceived intensity and recruitment of stimulation to increase or decrease, with clinical consequences. A new SCS system controls stimulation dose by measuring the recruitment of fibers in the dorsal column and by using the amplitude of the evoked compound action potentials (ECAPs) to maintain stimulation within an individualized therapeutic range...
September 18, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922423/proprioception-in-patients-with-posterior-cruciate-ligament-tears-a-meta-analysis-comparison-of-reconstructed-and-contralateral-normal-knees
#3
Jung-Ro Yoon, Dae-Hee Lee, Seung-Nam Ko, Young-Soo Shin
Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction for patients with PCL insufficiency has been associated with postoperative improvements in proprioceptive function due to mechanoreceptor regeneration. However, it is unclear whether reconstructed PCL or contralateral normal knees have better proprioceptive function outcomes. This meta-analysis was designed to compare the proprioceptive function of reconstructed PCL or contralateral normal knees in patients with PCL insufficiency. All studies that compared proprioceptive function, as assessed with threshold to detect passive movement (TTDPM) or joint position sense (JPS) in PCL reconstructed or contralateral normal knees were included...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922409/purification-and-characterisation-of-the-yeast-plasma-membrane-atp-binding-cassette-transporter-pdr11p
#4
Katrine Rude Laub, Magdalena Marek, Lyubomir Dimitrov Stanchev, Sara Abad Herrera, Tamara Kanashova, Adèle Bourmaud, Gunnar Dittmar, Thomas Günther Pomorski
The ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporters Pdr11p and its paralog Aus1p are expressed under anaerobic growth conditions at the plasma membrane of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and are required for sterol uptake. However, the precise mechanism by which these ABC transporters facilitate sterol movement is unknown. In this study, an overexpression and purification procedure was developed with the aim to characterise the Pdr11p transporter. Engineering of Pdr11p variants fused at the C terminus with green fluorescent protein (Pdr11p-GFP) and containing a FLAG tag at the N terminus facilitated expression analysis and one-step purification, respectively...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922254/obese-patients-undergoing-ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis-short-and-long-term-surgical-outcomes
#5
Nicholas P McKenna, Kellie L Mathis, Mohammad A Khasawneh, Eric J Dozois, David W Larson, John H Pemberton, Amy L Lightner
BACKGROUND: Ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) is the preferred surgical treatment for patients with chronic ulcerative colitis. Little is known about the impact of obesity on operative characteristics, short-term postoperative complications and long-term functional outcomes after IPAA. METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients undergoing IPAA for chronic ulcerative colitis at a single tertiary referral center between January 2002 and August 2013 was performed...
August 23, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922165/the-gastrointestinal-brain-axis-in-humans-as-an-evolutionary-advance-of-the-root-leaf-axis-in-plants-a-hypothesis-linking-quantum-effects-of-light-on-serotonin-and-auxin
#6
Lucio Tonello, Bekim Gashi, Alessandro Scuotto, Glenda Capello, Massimo Cocchi, Fabio Gabrielli, Jack A Tuszynski
Living organisms tend to find viable strategies under ambient conditions that optimize their search for, and utilization of, life-sustaining resources. For plants, a leading role in this process is performed by auxin, a plant hormone that drives morphological development, dynamics, and movement to optimize the absorption of light (through branches and leaves) and chemical "food" (through roots). Similarly to auxin in plants, serotonin seems to play an important role in higher animals, especially humans. Here, it is proposed that morphological and functional similarities between (i) plant leaves and the animal/human brain and (ii) plant roots and the animal/human gastro-intestinal tract have general features in common...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922041/garment-therapy-does-not-improve-function-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#7
Hannah Wells, Jodie Marquez, Luke Wakely
AIMS: To conduct a systematic review asking, does garment therapy improve motor function in children with cerebral palsy? METHODS: A systematic review with meta-analysis was conducted to review the literature. Inclusion criteria involved the wearing of therapy suits/garments in children with cerebral palsy. The primary outcome of interest was movement related function and secondary outcomes included impairment, participation, parental satisfaction and adverse outcomes of garment wear...
September 18, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921953/new-antimony-selenide-nickel-oxide-photocathode-boosts-the-efficiency-of-graphene-quantum-dots-co-sensitized-solar-cell
#8
Ankita Kolay, Ramesh K Kokal, Ankarao Kalluri, Isaac Macwan, Prabir K Patra, Partha Ghosal, Melepurath Deepa
A novel assembly of a photocathode and photoanode is investigated to explore their complementary effects in enhancing the photovoltaic performance of a quantum dot solar cell (QDSC). While p-type nickel oxide (NiO) has been used previously, antimony selenide (Sb2Se3) has not been used in a QDSC, especially as a component of a counter electrode (CE) architecture that doubles up as the photocathode. Here, near infrared (NIR) light absorbing Sb2Se3 nanoparticles (NPs) coated over electrodeposited NiO nanofibers on a carbon (C)-fabric substrate was employed as the highly efficient photocathode...
September 18, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921912/fate-of-worn-out-functional-teeth-in-the-upper-jaw-dentition-of-sicyopterus-japonicus-gobioidei-sicydiinae-during-tooth-replacement
#9
Noriyuki Sahara, Keita Moriyama, Midori Iida, Shun Watanabe
Mochizuki and Fukui (1983) studied the development and replacement of the upper jaw teeth in a Japanese fish species, Sicyopterus japonicus (Gobioidei: Sicydiinae), and they reported that worn-out functional teeth in the upper jaw were not shed outside the skin but were taken into the soft tissue of the upper jaw and completely resorbed there. To date, however, this phenomenon appears poorly documented. Furthermore, the mechanism for the resorption of these teeth remains to be determined. In the present study, we examined this phenomenon by using 3D micro-computed tomography (m-CT), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and various techniques of light (LM) and electron (EM) microcopy...
September 16, 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921724/-discrete-peaks-of-excitability-and-map-overlap-reveal-task-specific-organization-of-primary-motor-cortex-for-control-of-human-forearm-muscles
#10
Hugo Massé-Alarie, Michael J G Bergin, Cyril Schneider, Siobhan Schabrun, Paul W Hodges
The primary motor cortex (M1) presents a somatotopic organization of body parts, but with overlap between muscle/movement representations. This distinct but overlapping M1 organization is believed to be important for individuated control and movement coordination, respectively. Discrete peaks of greater excitability observed within M1 might underpin organization of cortical motor control. This study aimed to examine interactions between M1 representations of synergist and antagonist forearm muscles, compare regions of greater excitability during different functional tasks, and compare characteristics of M1 representation recorded using surface and fine-wire (fw ) electrodes...
September 17, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920945/neutrophils-a-cornerstone-of-liver-ischemia-and-reperfusion-injury
#11
Thiago Henrique Caldeira de Oliveira, Pedro Elias Marques, Paul Proost, Mauro Martins M Teixeira
Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is the main cause of morbidity and mortality due to graft rejection after liver transplantation. During IRI, an intense inflammatory process occurs in the liver. This hepatic inflammation is initiated by the ischemic period but occurs mainly during the reperfusion phase, and is characterized by a large neutrophil recruitment to the liver. Production of cytokines, chemokines, and danger signals results in activation of resident hepatocytes, leukocytes, and Kupffer cells. The role of neutrophils as the main amplifiers of liver injury in IRI has been recognized in many publications...
September 18, 2017: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920067/a-history-of-dystonia-ancient-to-modern
#12
REVIEW
Rachel E Newby, Deborah E Thorpe, Peter A Kempster, Jane E Alty
Before 1911, when Hermann Oppenheim introduced the term dystonia, this movement disorder lacked a unifying descriptor. While words like epilepsy, apoplexy, and palsy have had their meanings since antiquity, references to dystonia are much harder to identify in historical documents. Torticollis is an exception, although there is difficulty distinguishing dystonic torticollis from congenital muscular torticollis. There are, nevertheless, possible representations of dystonia in literature and visual art from the pre-modern world...
July 2017: Movement Disorders Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919862/changes-in-dimensionality-and-fractal-scaling-suggest-soft-assembled-dynamics-in-human-eeg
#13
Travis J Wiltshire, Matthew J Euler, Ty L McKinney, Jonathan E Butner
Humans are high-dimensional, complex systems consisting of many components that must coordinate in order to perform even the simplest of activities. Many behavioral studies, especially in the movement sciences, have advanced the notion of soft-assembly to describe how systems with many components coordinate to perform specific functions while also exhibiting the potential to re-structure and then perform other functions as task demands change. Consistent with this notion, within cognitive neuroscience it is increasingly accepted that the brain flexibly coordinates the networks needed to cope with changing task demands...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919542/ageing-reduces-light-touch-and-vibrotactile-sensitivity-on-the-anterior-lower-leg-and-foot-dorsum
#14
R L Mildren, M C Yip, C R Lowery, C Harpur, S H M Brown, L R Bent
Cutaneous mechanoreceptors in the anterior lower leg and foot dorsum provide important information about contact with objects and movement at the knee and ankle. This cutaneous feedback contributes to static and dynamic balance control. We conducted experiment 1 to determine the effects of ageing on anterior lower leg cutaneous feedback. We measured light touch (monofilament) perceptual thresholds (MPT) at seven skin sites across the anterior lower leg and foot dorsum in 12 young (5 male, aged 21-28) and 13 older adults (8 male, aged 73-92)...
September 15, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919535/altered-gray-matter-volume-cerebral-blood-flow-and-functional-connectivity-in-chronic-stroke-patients
#15
Peifang Miao, Caihong Wang, Peng Li, Sen Wei, Chunshan Deng, Dandan Zheng, Jingliang Cheng
It is entangled connections and intensive functional interactions between cortex and subcortical structures that enable our brain to perform delicate movement, and poses plasticity to recover from stroke. However, it is still unclear how cortical structures and functions change in well-recovered patients from subcortical infarctions in motor pathway. In order to reveal neuroplasticity underlying well-recovered stroke patients, both structural (gray matter volume, GMV) and functional reorganizations (cerebral blood flow, CBF and resting-state functional connectivity, rsFC) were investigated by using multi-modal MRI...
September 14, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919122/functional-movement-screen-pain-versus-composite-score-and-injury-risk
#16
Joseph A Alemany, Timothy T Bushman, Tyson Grier, Morgan K Anderson, Michelle Canham-Chervak, William J North, Bruce H Jones
OBJECTIVES: The Functional Movement Screen (FMS™) has been used as a screening tool to determine musculoskeletal injury risk using composite scores based on movement quality and/or pain. However, no direct comparisons between movement quality and pain have been quantified. DESIGN: Retrospective injury data analysis. METHODS: Male Soldiers (n=2154, 25.0±1.3years; 26.2±.7kg/m(2)) completed the FMS (scored from 0 points (pain) to 3 points (no pain and perfect movement quality)) with injury data over the following six months...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919103/alterations-of-musculoskeletal-models-for-a-more-accurate-estimation-of-lower-limb-joint-contact-forces-during-normal-gait-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
F Moissenet, L Modenese, R Dumas
Musculoskeletal modelling is a methodology used to investigate joint contact forces during a movement. High accuracy in the estimation of the hip or knee joint contact forces can be obtained with subject-specific models. However, construction of subject-specific models remains time consuming and expensive. The purpose of this systematic review of the literature was to identify what alterations can be made on generic (i.e. literature-based, without any subject-specific measurement other than body size and weight) musculoskeletal models to obtain a better estimation of the joint contact forces...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918952/a-dual-function-for-prickle-in-regulating-frizzled-stability-during-feedback-dependent-amplification-of-planar-polarity
#18
Samantha J Warrington, Helen Strutt, Katherine H Fisher, David Strutt
The core planar polarity pathway coordinates epithelial cell polarity during animal development, and loss of its activity gives rise to a range of defects, from aberrant morphogenetic cell movements to failure to correctly orient structures, such as hairs and cilia. The core pathway functions via a mechanism involving segregation of its protein components to opposite cells ends, where they form asymmetric intracellular complexes that couple cell-cell polarity. This segregation is a self-organizing process driven by feedback interactions between the core proteins themselves...
September 7, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918786/-treatment-of-meniscal-pathology
#19
Martin Wyman Rathcke, Martin Lind, Morten Ilum Boesen, Nis Nissen, Anders Ploug Boesen, Bjarne Mygind-Klavsen, Per Hölmich
The menisci play a major role in knee function regarding joint movement, stability, load distribution and load transmission. Injuries to the menisci cause pain, and meniscal tears are a common reason for patient referral. In Denmark, partial meniscectomy increased significantly until 2010, and several studies have questioned the long-term effect of meniscectomy as an overall procedure. A Danish national clinical guideline on knee meniscal pathology was published in May 2016, and this article is a short summary of updated knowledge on meniscal pathology and relevant conclusions from the guideline...
September 18, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918262/circuit-changes-in-motor-cortex-during-motor-skill-learning
#20
Andrew E Papale, Bryan M Hooks
Motor cortex is important for motor skill learning, particularly the dexterous skills necessary for our favorite sports and careers. We are especially interested in understanding how plasticity in motor cortex contributes to skill learning. Although human studies have been helpful in understanding the importance of motor cortex in learning skilled tasks, animal models are necessary for achieving a detailed understanding of the circuitry underlying these behaviors and the changes that occur during training. We review data from these models to try to identify sites of plasticity in motor cortex, focusing on rodents as a model system...
September 13, 2017: Neuroscience
keyword
keyword
25504
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"