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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535435/multi-segmental-thoracic-spine-kinematics-measured-dynamically-in-the-young-and-elderly-during-flexion
#1
Dominika Ignasiak, Andrea Rüeger, Stephen J Ferguson
In contrast to the cervical and lumbar region, the normal kinematics of the thoracic spine have not been thoroughly investigated. The aim of this study was to characterize normal multi-segmental continuous motion of the whole thoracolumbar spine, during a flexion maneuver, in young and elderly subjects. Forty-two healthy volunteers were analyzed: 21 young (age=27.00±3.96) and 21 elderly (age=70.1±3.85). Spinal motion was recorded with a motion-capture system and analyzed using a 3rd order polynomial function to approximate spinal curvature throughout the motion sequence...
May 20, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534673/effects-of-preference-and-sensory-modality-on-behavioral-reaction-in-patients-with-disorders-of-consciousness
#2
L Heine, B Tillmann, M Hauet, A Juliat, A Dubois, S Laureys, M Kandel, J Plailly, J Luauté, F Perrin
BACKGROUND: Reliable evaluation of patients with unresponsive wakefulness syndrome (UWS) or in a minimally conscious state (MCS) remains a major challenge. It has been suggested that the expression of residual cerebral function could be improved by allowing patients to listen to their favourite music. However, the potential effect of music on behavioural responsiveness, as well as the effect of preferred stimuli in other sensory modalities (e.g. olfaction), remain poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of sensory modality (auditory versus olfactory) and preference (preferred versus neutral) of the test stimuli on patients' subsequent performance on the Coma Recovery Scale-Revised (CRS-R)...
May 23, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534070/total-abdominal-colectomy-vs-restorative-total-proctocolectomy-as-the-initial-approach-to-medically-refractory-ulcerative-colitis
#3
Jinyu Gu, Luca Stocchi, Jeanie Ashburn, Feza H Remzi
PURPOSE: There is scant data assessing the consequences of staging restorative proctocolectomy for ulcerative colitis. The aim of the study is to compare outcomes of initial vs. staged restorative proctocolectomy. METHODS: Patients completing restorative proctocolectomy, including ileostomy reversal, during 2006-2012 were identified from an IRB-approved database. Demographics, treatment variables, and perioperative outcomes were assessed. RESULTS: Out of 521 patients, 322 (62%) underwent initial total abdominal colectomy before restorative proctectomy...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533890/effect-of-music-tempo-on-exercise-performance-and-heart-rate-among-young-adults
#4
Avinash E Thakare, Ranjeeta Mehrotra, Ayushi Singh
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Music captures attention, triggers a range of emotions, alters or regulates mood, increases work output, heightens arousal, induces states of higher functioning, reduces inhibitions and encourages rhythmic movement. Music has ergo-genic effect as well, it increases exercise performance, delays fatigue and increases performance and endurance, power and strength. Our study tried to evaluate the effect of music on exercise performance in young untrained subjects...
2017: International Journal of Physiology, Pathophysiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533739/improving-the-test-retest-reliability-of-resting-state-fmri-by-removing-the-impact-of-sleep
#5
Jiahui Wang, Junwei Han, Vinh T Nguyen, Lei Guo, Christine C Guo
Resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) provides a powerful tool to examine large-scale neural networks in the human brain and their disturbances in neuropsychiatric disorders. Thanks to its low demand and high tolerance, resting state paradigms can be easily acquired from clinical population. However, due to the unconstrained nature, resting state paradigm is associated with excessive head movement and proneness to sleep. Consequently, the test-retest reliability of rs-fMRI measures is moderate at best, falling short of widespread use in the clinic...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533628/the-effects-of-neck-and-trunk-stabilization-exercises-on-cerebral-palsy-children-s-static-and-dynamic-trunk-balance-case-series
#6
Ji-Won Shin, Gui-Bin Song, Jooyeon Ko
[Purpose] The purpose of this case series was to examination the effects of trunk and neck stabilization exercise on the static, dynamic trunk balance abilities of children with cerebral palsy. [Subjects and Methods] The study included 11 school aged children diagnosed with paraplegia due to a premature birth. Each child engaged in exercise treatments twice per week for eight weeks; each treatment lasted for 45 minutes. After conducting a preliminary assessment, exercise treatments were designed based on each child's level of functioning...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533607/a-neurocognitive-approach-for-recovering-upper-extremity-movement-following-subacute-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#7
Laia Sallés, Patricia Martín-Casas, Xavier Gironès, María José Durà, José Vicente Lafuente, Carlo Perfetti
[Purpose] This study aims to describe a protocol based on neurocognitive therapeutic exercises and determine its feasibility and usefulness for upper extremity functionality when compared with a conventional protocol. [Subjects and Methods] Eight subacute stroke patients were randomly assigned to a conventional (control group) or neurocognitive (experimental group) treatment protocol. Both lasted 30 minutes, 3 times a week for 10 weeks and assessments were blinded. Outcome measures included: Motor Evaluation Scale for Upper Extremity in Stroke Patients, Motricity Index, Revised Nottingham Sensory Assessment and Kinesthetic and Visual Imagery Questionnaire...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532890/fascial-manipulation-%C3%A2-for-persistent-knee-pain-following-acl-and-meniscus-repair
#8
Sannasi Rajasekar, Aurélie Marie Marchand
Fascial Manipulation(®) (FM) is a manual therapy approach for the treatment of musculoskeletal pain. Anomalous fascial tension is common following surgery due to surgical scar, inadequate mobility and fear of movement. Fascial tension may result in pain and loss of mobility. This case report aims at investigating the effectiveness of FM(®) on pain and function in a patient following knee surgery. A 32 years old male patient, with persisting knee pain following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (hamstring graft) and meniscal repair, underwent the systematic FM(®) assessment process, the selected centers of coordination of myofascial units were treated...
April 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532888/biological-effects-of-direct-and-indirect-manipulation-of-the-fascial-system-narrative-review
#9
Giovanni Parravicini, Andrea Bergna
INTRODUCTION: Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment (OMT) is effective in improving function, movement and restoring pain conditions. Despite clinical results, the mechanisms of how OMT achieves its' effects remain unclear. The fascial system is described as a tensional network that envelops the human body. Direct or indirect manipulations of the fascial system are a distinctive part of OMT. OBJECTIVE: This review describes the biological effects of direct and indirect manipulation of the fascial system...
April 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532519/a-case-of-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-in-madelung-s-disease-treated-by-lateral-pharyngoplasty
#10
V Pinto, P G Morselli, D Tassone, O Piccin
BACKGROUND: Madelung's disease is a rare disorder characterised by the presence of multiple, symmetric, non-capsulated fat masses in the face, neck and other areas of upper extremities. In some cases, severe clinical complications such as upper airway compression can occur. CASE REPORT: A 56-year-old man affected by Madelung's disease complained of snoring and severe daytime sleepiness. Polysomnography revealed severe obstructive sleep apnoea. An attempt to treat sleep apnoea by continuous positive airway pressure failed because of poor compliance...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531650/positioned-substituent-effect-on-self-assembly-behaviors-of-perylene-diimide-derivatives-on-graphite
#11
Qian Wei, Wei Wang, Erjun Zhou, Xiao-Ping Liu, Ming-Hui Liang, Ke Deng, Jing-Kui Yang, Peng Jiang
Three kinds of π-conjugated perylenetetracarboxylic diimide (PTCDI)-based organic functional derivatives, i.e., N,N'-di(2-ethylhexyl)-3,4,9,10-perylene diimide (molecule 1), N,N'-di(2-ethylhexyl)-1,7-dithien-2-yl-3,4,9,10-perylene diimide (molecule 2), N,N'-di(2-ethylhexyl)-1,7-di(2-bromothien-5-yl)-perylene-3,4,9,10-perylene diimide (molecule 3), have been prepared and investigated by using a scanning tunneling microscopy under ambient conditions. All of them can form long-ranged ordered self-assembled monolayer (SAM) with two different phase structures on highly oriented pyrolitic graphite (HOPG) surface...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530801/hydrogen-bonding-environment-of-the-n3-h-group-of-fmn-in-the-lov-domains-of-phototropins
#12
Tatsuya Iwata, Dai Nozaki, Atsushi Yamamoto, Takayuki Koyama, Yasuzo Nishina, Kiyoshi Shiga, Satoru Tokutomi, Masashi Unno, Hideki Kandori
LOV (light-oxygen-voltage) domain is a flavin-binding blue-light receptor domain originally found in plant phototropin, a photoreceptor for phototropism, chloroplast movement and stomata opening. LOV domains are available as optogenetics tools for photosensory domain of fusion proteins. Therefore, it is important to investigate how LOV domains show light-induced structural changes not only for the elucidation of regulation mechanism of kinase domain but also for the appropriate activation of other functional domains by LOV domain...
May 22, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530489/optimizing-calf-muscle-pump-function
#13
Christopher R Lattimer, Claude Franceschi, Evi Kalodiki
Background The tip toe manoeuvre has been promoted as the gold standard plethysmography test for measuring calf muscle pump function. The aim was to compare the tip toe manoeuvre, dorsiflexion manoeuvre and a body weight transfer manoeuvre using the ejection fraction of air-plethysmography and evaluate which has the best pumping effect. Methods Sixty-six archived tracings on 22 legs were retrieved from an air-plethysmography workshop and analysed. Pumping performance was measured using the calf volume reduction after each manoeuvre...
January 1, 2017: Phlebology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529870/symptom-specific-amygdala-hyperactivity-modulates-motor-control-network-in-conversion-disorder
#14
Thomas Hassa, Alexandra Sebastian, Joachim Liepert, Cornelius Weiller, Roger Schmidt, Oliver Tüscher
Initial historical accounts as well as recent data suggest that emotion processing is dysfunctional in conversion disorder patients and that this alteration may be the pathomechanistic neurocognitive basis for symptoms in conversion disorder. However, to date evidence of direct interaction of altered negative emotion processing with motor control networks in conversion disorder is still lacking. To specifically study the neural correlates of emotion processing interacting with motor networks we used a task combining emotional and sensorimotor stimuli both separately as well as simultaneously during functional magnetic resonance imaging in a well characterized group of 13 conversion disorder patients with functional hemiparesis and 19 demographically matched healthy controls...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529667/motor-problems-in-children-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#15
André B Rietman, Rianne Oostenbrink, Sanne Bongers, Eddy Gaukema, Sandra van Abeelen, Jos G Hendriksen, Caspar W N Looman, Pieter F A de Nijs, Marie-Claire de Wit
BACKGROUND: Children with the neurogenetic disorder neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) often have problems with learning and behaviour. In both parent reports and neuropsychological assessment, motor problems are reported in approximately one third to one half of the children with NF1. Studies using broad motor performance test batteries with relatively large groups of children with NF1 are limited. The aim of this cross-sectional observational study was to describe the severity of motor problems in children with NF1 and to explore the predictive value of demographics, intelligence, and behavioural problems...
2017: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529473/complete-locked-in-and-locked-in-patients-command-following-assessment-and-communication-with-vibro-tactile-p300-and-motor-imagery-brain-computer-interface-tools
#16
Christoph Guger, Rossella Spataro, Brendan Z Allison, Alexander Heilinger, Rupert Ortner, Woosang Cho, Vincenzo La Bella
Many patients with locked-in syndrome (LIS) or complete locked-in syndrome (CLIS) also need brain-computer interface (BCI) platforms that do not rely on visual stimuli and are easy to use. We investigate command following and communication functions of mindBEAGLE with 9 LIS, 3 CLIS patients and three healthy controls. This tests were done with vibro-tactile stimulation with 2 or 3 stimulators (VT2 and VT3 mode) and with motor imagery (MI) paradigms. In VT2 the stimulators are fixed on the left and right wrist and the participant has the task to count the stimuli on the target hand in order to elicit a P300 response...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529417/nasolabial-perforator-flap-for-one-stage-reconstruction-of-nasal-defects
#17
Siddharth Prakash, Ritesh Panda, Vivek Kumar, Shiv Shankar Saha, Lalit Choudhary, Anurag Pandey, J Sasidhar Reddy
BACKGROUND: The excellent freedom of movement and range of this flap when based on a the nasolabial perforator flap have not been sufficiently explored. In this study, along with demonstrating the other key advantages of this flap over its traditional counterpart, we will endeavour to fill these lacunae in the available literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From February 2009 to February 2012, twenty patients with nasal defects were repaired with a nasolabial perforator flap in the Department of Plastic and Cosmetic Surgery at Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi...
January 2017: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529013/bipolar-fresh-total-osteochondral-allograft-in-the-ankle-is-it-a-successful-long-term-solution
#18
S Giannini, A Mazzotti, F Vannini
INTRODUCTION: Severe post-traumatic ankle arthritis poses a reconstructive challenge in young and active patients. Although technically demanding and despite unsolved immunological issues, bipolar fresh total osteochondral allograft (BFTOA) represent an intriguing option to arthrodesis and prosthetic replacement. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the outcomes of a series of 48 ankle BFTOA at 10 years follow up and to investigate the rate of survival long term. METHODS: 58 patients underwent BFTOA, of these 48 were available for follow up...
May 11, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528804/an-interactive-videogame-for-arm-and-hand-exercise-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Natalie E Allen, Jooeun Song, Serene S Paul, Stuart Smith, Jonathan O'Duffy, Matthew Schmidt, Rachelle Love, Catherine Sherrington, Colleen G Canning
INTRODUCTION: People with Parkinson's disease (PD) have difficulty performing upper extremity (UE) activities. The aim of this study was to investigate if exergames targeting the UE improve arm and hand activities and impairments and to establish the acceptability and feasibility of these games in people with PD. METHODS: Two tablet-based exergames were developed which were controlled with finger movements or unimanual whole arm movements. Participants with PD were randomized to an exergame (n = 19) or control (n = 19) group...
May 15, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527629/p62-sequestosome-1-knockout-delays-neurodegeneration-induced-by-drp1-loss
#20
Tatsuya Yamada, Yoshihiro Adachi, Toru Yanagawa, Miho Iijima, Hiromi Sesaki
Purkinje neurons, one of the largest neurons in the brain, are critical for controlling body movements, and the dysfunction and degeneration of these cells cause ataxia. Purkinje neurons require a very efficient energy supply from mitochondria because of their large size and extensive dendritic arbors. We have previously shown that mitochondrial division mediated by dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1) is critical for the development and survival of Purkinje neurons. Drp1 deficiency has been associated with one of the major types of ataxia: autosomal recessive spastic ataxia of Charlevoix Saguenay...
May 17, 2017: Neurochemistry International
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