keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Addiction recovery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726549/homeless-veterans-experiences-with-substance-use-recovery-and-treatment-through-photo-elicitation
#1
Samuel F Sestito, Keri L Rodriguez, Shaddy K Saba, James W Conley, Michael A Mitchell, Adam J Gordon
BACKGROUND: Homeless Veterans often have addictions and comorbidities that complicate utilization of longitudinal healthcare services, such as primary care. An understanding of experiences of Veterans enrolled in a Homeless Patient Aligned Care Team (H-PACT) may improve addiction treatment engagement in these settings. We aimed to describe H-PACT Veterans' experiences with substance use (SU), substance use recovery (SUR), and substance use treatment (SUT). METHODS: Homeless Veterans were recruited from a Veteran primary care medical home clinic between September 2014 and March 2015...
July 20, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725287/how-to-recover-from-a-brain-disease-is-addiction-a-disease-or-is-there-a-disease-like-stage-in-addiction
#2
Anke Snoek
People struggling with addiction are neither powerless over their addiction, nor are they fully in control. Lewis vigorously objects to the brain disease model of addiction (BDMA), because it makes people lose belief in their self-efficacy, and hence hinders their recovery. Although he acknowledges that there is a compulsive state in addiction, he objects to the claim that this compulsion is carved in stone. Lewis argues that the BDMA underestimates the agency of addicted people, and hence hinder their recovery...
2017: Neuroethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725286/responsibility-without-blame-for-addiction
#3
Hanna Pickard
Drug use and drug addiction are severely stigmatised around the world. Marc Lewis does not frame his learning model of addiction as a choice model out of concern that to do so further encourages stigma and blame. Yet the evidence in support of a choice model is increasingly strong as well as consonant with core elements of his learning model. I offer a responsibility without blame framework that derives from reflection on forms of clinical practice that support change and recovery in patients who cause harm to themselves and others...
2017: Neuroethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725285/free-will-black-swans-and-addiction
#4
Ted Fenton, Reinout W Wiers
The current dominant perspective on addiction as a brain disease has been challenged recently by Marc Lewis, who argued that the brain-changes related to addiction are similar to everyday changes of the brain. From this alternative perspective, addictions are bad habits that can be broken, provided that people are motivated to change. In that case, autonomous choice or "free will" can overcome bad influences from genes and or environments and brain-changes related to addiction. Even though we concur with Lewis that there are issues with the brain disease perspective, we also argue that pointing to black swans can be important, that is: there can be severe cases where addiction indeed tips over into the category of brain disease, but obviously that does not prove that every case of addiction falls into the disease category, that all swans are black...
2017: Neuroethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725284/addiction-and-moralization-the-role-of-the-underlying-model-of-addiction
#5
Lily E Frank, Saskia K Nagel
Addiction appears to be a deeply moralized concept. To understand the entwinement of addiction and morality, we briefly discuss the disease model and its alternatives in order to address the following questions: Is the disease model the only path towards a 'de-moralized' discourse of addiction? While it is tempting to think that medical language surrounding addiction provides liberation from the moralized language, evidence suggests that this is not necessarily the case. On the other hand non-disease models of addiction may seem to resuscitate problematic forms of the moralization of addiction, including, invoking blame, shame, and the wholesale rejection of addicts as people who have deep character flaws, while ignoring the complex biological and social context of addiction...
2017: Neuroethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725282/addiction-and-the-brain-development-not-disease
#6
Marc Lewis
I review the brain disease model of addiction promoted by medical, scientific, and clinical authorities in the US and elsewhere. I then show that the disease model is flawed because brain changes in addiction are similar to those generally observed when recurrent, highly motivated goal seeking results in the development of deep habits, Pavlovian learning, and prefrontal disengagement. This analysis relies on concepts of self-organization, neuroplasticity, personality development, and delay discounting. It also highlights neural and behavioral parallels between substance addictions, behavioral addictions, normative compulsive behaviors, and falling in love...
2017: Neuroethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723265/a-text-mining-analysis-of-the-public-s-reactions-to-the-opioid-crisis
#7
Elizabeth M Glowacki, Joseph B Glowacki, Gary B Wilcox
BACKGROUND: Opioid abuse has become an epidemic in the United States. On August 25, 2016, the former Surgeon General of the United States sent an open letter to care providers asking for their help with combatting this growing health crisis. Social media forums like Twitter allow for open discussions among the public and up-to-date exchanges of information about timely topics like opioids. Therefore, the goal of the current study is to identify the public's reactions to the opioid epidemic by identifying the most popular topics tweeted by users...
July 19, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716656/atomoxetine-in-abstinent-cocaine-users-cognitive-subjective-and-cardiovascular-effects
#8
Elise E DeVito, Aryeh I Herman, Noah S Konkus, Huiping Zhang, Mehmet Sofuoglu
No pharmacotherapies are approved for the treatment of cocaine use disorders (CUD). Behavioral treatments for CUD are efficacious for some individuals, but recovery rates from CUD remain low. Cognitive impairments in CUD have been linked with poorer clinical outcomes. Cognitive enhancing pharmacotherapies have been proposed as promising treatments for CUD. Atomoxetine, a norepinephrine transporter inhibitor, shows potential as a treatment for CUD based on its efficacy as a cognitive enhancer in other clinical populations and impact on addictive processes in preclinical and human laboratory studies...
July 14, 2017: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713877/the-impact-of-limited-housing-opportunities-on-formerly-incarcerated-people-in-the-context-of-addiction-recovery
#9
Dina Chavira, Leonard Jason
BACKGROUND: Formerly incarcerated individuals with substance use disorders encounter numerous obstacles following incarceration that threaten their sobriety. Obtaining safe and stable housing is a notoriously difficult task resulting in precarious housing that can increase the likelihood of relapse. The current study examined the relationship between substance use and 11 housing settings in a sample of 211 formerly incarcerated individuals with a history of substance abuse to identify the housing characteristics with the highest risk of use...
2017: J Addict Behav Ther
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704167/-i-feel-like-i-ve-hit-the-bottom-and-have-no-idea-what-to-do-supportive-social-networking-on-reddit-for-individuals-with-a-desire-to-quit-cannabis-use
#10
Shaina J Sowles, Melissa J Krauss, Lewam Gebremedhn, Patricia A Cavazos-Rehg
BACKGROUND: Online communities can provide social support to those in need and can foster personal empowerment for individuals experiencing distress. This study examines the content of a Reddit community dedicated to the support of people trying to quit using cannabis, in order to develop an understanding of the type of social networking occurring on this subreddit (e.g. community). METHODS: A total of 100 Reddit posts and their replies (i.e. comments) were collected from the subreddit on June 12, 2015...
July 13, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704148/-i-was-not-sick-and-i-didn-t-need-to-recover-methadone-maintenance-treatment-mmt-as-a-refuge-from-criminalization
#11
David Frank
BACKGROUND: Methadone Maintenance Treatment (MMT) in the United States (U.S.) has been undergoing a shift towards conceptualizing the program as recovery-based treatment. Although recovery is seen by some as a means to restore MMT to its rightful position as a medically-based treatment for addiction, it may not represent the experiences, or meet the needs of people who use drugs (PWUD), many of whom who use the program as a pragmatic means of reducing harms associated with criminalization...
July 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704116/popular-views-on-addictions-and-on-prospects-for-recovery-in-poland
#12
Justyna I Klingemann, Harald Klingemann, Jacek Moskalewicz
BACKGROUND: Popular views of addictive substances and behaviors constitute an important research topic because these views have an impact upon the functioning of treatment systems and societal responses to substance use disorders. METHODS: The analysis is based on a random sample of N = 1000 telephone interviews collected in Poland in 2013. Questionnaire measures targeted such issues as the perceived risks of addictions and beliefs about potential recovery from various types of addictions...
July 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701749/calcium-activated-sk-channels-control-firing-regularity-by-modulating-sodium-channel-availability-in-midbrain-dopamine-neurons
#13
Rajeshwari Iyer, Mark A Ungless, Aldo A Faisal
Dopamine neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta and ventral tegmental area regulate behaviours such as reward-related learning, and motor control. Dysfunction of these neurons is implicated in Schizophrenia, addiction to drugs, and Parkinson's disease. While some dopamine neurons fire single spikes at regular intervals, others fire irregular single spikes interspersed with bursts. Pharmacological inhibition of calcium-activated potassium (SK) channels increases the variability in their firing pattern, sometimes also increasing the number of spikes fired in bursts, indicating that SK channels play an important role in maintaining dopamine neuron firing regularity and burst firing...
July 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697991/carbamazepine-effects-on-pain-management-and-serum-il-6-il-10-evaluation-in-addicted-patients-undergoing-surgery
#14
Alireza Salimi, Masoumeh Sabetkasaei, Hanna Raisi, Farzaneh Labibi, Haleh Ameli, Yalda Khazaei-Poul, Kamran Mottaghi, Farhad Safari, Ali Nazem-Bokaei, Seyed-Amir Mohajerani, Malek Zarei, Taraneh Moini-Zanjani
Postoperative pain control remains an important issue in the field of surgery. Assessing and managing patients with acute pain who are addicted to opioids are often challenging. It has been shown that, addicted patients are less tolerant to pain. There is limited evidence to guide the management of acute pain in these patients. Here we studied the effect of preemptive use of carbamazepine on pain behavior and serum IL-6, IL-10 levels in the addicted patients. 90 male patients (25-45 years, BMI 20-27), were divided into 3 group of 30 patients: 1- control, 2- addicted, 3- addicted patients receiving carbamazepine 400mg before surgery...
July 8, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692420/use-of-a-smartphone-recovery-tool-for-latinos-with-co-occurring-alcohol-and-other-drug-disorders-and-mental-disorders
#15
Jordana Muroff, Winslow Robinson, Deborah Chassler, Luz M López, Erika Gaitan, Lena Lundgren, Claudia Guauque, Susan Dargon-Hart, Emily Stewart, Diliana Dejesus, Kimberly Johnson, Klaren Pe-Romashko, David H Gustafson
OBJECTIVE: Addressing alcohol and other drug disorders (AOD) and other mental disorders (MD) among adult Hispanics/Latinos is of critical concern being one of the fastest growing ethnic groups with a disproportionate rate of disease, mental disorders, and poverty. Although improvement in outcomes is associated with sustained participation in ongoing treatment for co-occurring AOD/MD, continuing care is rare for these chronic conditions, especially for Latinos with more limited access to culturally and linguistically competent services...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689498/the-slow-death-of-the-concept-of-schizophrenia-and-the-painful-birth-of-the-psychosis-spectrum
#16
S Guloksuz, J van Os
The concept of schizophrenia only covers the 30% poor outcome fraction of a much broader multidimensional psychotic syndrome, yet paradoxically has become the dominant prism through which everything 'psychotic' is observed, even affective states with mild psychosis labelled 'ultra-high risk' (for schizophrenia). The inability of psychiatry to frame psychosis as multidimensional syndromal variation of largely unpredictable course and outcome - within and between individuals - hampers research and recovery-oriented practice...
July 10, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681464/qualitative-exploration-of-relationships-between-peers-in-residential-addiction-treatment
#17
Joanne Neale, Charlotte N E Tompkins, John Strang
Relationships between peers are often considered central to the therapeutic process, yet there is relatively little empirical research either on the nature of peer-to-peer relationships within residential treatment or on how those relationships generate positive behaviour change or facilitate recovery. In this paper, we explore relationships between peers in residential addiction treatment, drawing upon the concept of social capital to frame our analyses. Our study was undertaken during 2015 and 2016 in two English residential treatment services using the same therapeutic community-informed model of treatment...
July 5, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627395/the-opioid-epidemic-is-an-historic-opportunity-to-improve-both-prevention-and-treatment
#18
Robert L DuPont
The current narrative describing the national opioid epidemic as the result of overprescribing opioid pain medicines fails to capture the full dimensions of problem and leads to inadequate and even confounding solutions. Overlooked is the fact that polysubstance use is nearly ubiquitous among overdose deaths, demonstrating that the opioid overdose death problem is bigger than opioids. The foundation of the nation's opioid overdose crisis - and the totality of the nation's drug epidemic - is widespread recreational pharmacology, the use of drugs for fun or "self-medication...
June 13, 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626932/dentate-gyrus-neurogenesis-ablation-via-cranial-irradiation-enhances-morphine-self-administration-and-locomotor-sensitization
#19
Sarah E Bulin, Matthew L Mendoza, Devon R Richardson, Kwang H Song, Timothy D Solberg, Sanghee Yun, Amelia J Eisch
Adult dentate gyrus (DG) neurogenesis is important for hippocampal-dependent learning and memory, but the role of new neurons in addiction-relevant learning and memory is unclear. To test the hypothesis that neurogenesis is involved in the vulnerability to morphine addiction, we ablated adult DG neurogenesis and examined morphine self-administration (MSA) and locomotor sensitization. Male Sprague-Dawley rats underwent hippocampal-focused, image-guided X-ray irradiation (IRR) to eliminate new DG neurons or sham treatment (Sham)...
June 19, 2017: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557958/appropriate-use-of-drug-testing-in-clinical-addiction-medicine
#20
Margaret Jarvis, Jessica Williams, Matthew Hurford, Dawn Lindsay, Piper Lincoln, Leila Giles, Peter Luongo, Taleen Safarian
: Biological drug testing is a tool that provides information about an individual's recent substance use. Like any tool, its value depends on using it correctly; that is, on selecting the right test for the right person at the right time. This document is intended to clarify appropriate clinical use of drug testing in addiction medicine and aid providers in their decisions about drug testing for the identification, diagnosis, treatment, and recovery of patients with, or at risk for, addiction. The RAND Corporation (RAND)/University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Appropriateness Method (RAM) process for combining scientific evidence with the collective judgment of experts was used to identify appropriate clinical practices and highlight areas where research is needed...
May 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
keyword
keyword
2549
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"