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Addiction recovery

Amy R Krentzman, Jon R Webb, Jennifer M Jester, J Irene Harris
Previous research has suggested that forgiveness of self and forgiveness of others might function differently over the course of addiction recovery. However, we know little about the longitudinal process of these dimensions of forgiveness for individuals addressing alcohol-use disorders. Increased knowledge would inform the content and sequencing of intervention strategies. Three hundred and sixty-four individuals managing alcohol dependence participated in a 30-month longitudinal study, reporting their capacity to forgive self and to forgive others every 6 months...
May 2018: Psychology of Religion and Spirituality
Rachel Kornfield, Prathusha K Sarma, Dhavan V Shah, Fiona McTavish, Gina Landucci, Klaren Pe-Romashko, David H Gustafson
BACKGROUND: Online discussion forums allow those in addiction recovery to seek help through text-based messages, including when facing triggers to drink or use drugs. Trained staff (or "moderators") may participate within these forums to offer guidance and support when participants are struggling but must expend considerable effort to continually review new content. Demands on moderators limit the scalability of evidence-based digital health interventions. OBJECTIVE: Automated identification of recovery problems could allow moderators to engage in more timely and efficient ways with participants who are struggling...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Joao Mauricio Castaldelli-Maia, Livia Beraldo, Antonio Ventriglio, Arthur Guerra de Andrade, Antonio Geraldo da Silva, Julio Torales, Priscila Dib Goncalves, Dinesh Bhugra
Substance use disorders are an important public health problem with a multifactorial etiology and limited effective treatment options. Within this context, spirituality-based approaches may provide interesting and useful options in managing substance use disorders. This kind of intervention can have positive effects in alleviating some core symptoms associated with substance use, such as aggressiveness. Improvement in cessation rates for alcohol, cocaine and opioid use disorders have also been described in some clinical studies...
June 11, 2018: Current Drug Abuse Reviews
Ananda Gaihre, Sasidharan K Rajesh
Background: Chronic vulnerability characterizes substance abuse disorder with consequent relapse. The process of abstinence depends on cognitive recovery. Hence, behavioral intervention should account for cognitive dimension of substance abusers. Recent studies highlight yoga-based intervention as a promising add-on therapy for treating and preventing addictive behaviors. Purpose: The study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a yoga-based intervention as an add-on in enhancing cognitive functions, compared with physical exercise to newly admitted substance abusers seeking an inpatient treatment program...
April 2018: Annals of Neurosciences
André Kuntz, Pascal Missonnier, Marco Merlo, Isabelle Gothuey
Cognitive impairment is a frequent consequence of chronic and excessive alcohol consumption with impact on the daily lives of the concerned persons. Recovery during abstinence phases is often only partial. Improvement of cognitive functions has often a positive and lasting effect on the quality of live and the clinical symptoms of the patients suffering from an alcohol use disorder. This article presents a critical discussion on the utility of evoked potentials as part of adapted clinical protocols aiming an individualized rehabilitation approaches of alcohol use disorder and focusing on a reduction of the risk of relapse...
June 6, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
Mary T Paterno, Maud Low, Aline Gubrium, Kirk Sanger
Substance use disorders (SUDs) are a growing problem for pregnant and parenting women. Woman-to-woman peer support may positively influence perinatal outcomes but little is known about the impact of such support on the women who are providing support. The purpose of this study was to describe experiences of addiction in pregnancy, recovery, and subsequently serving as a peer mentor to other pregnant women with active SUD among women in recovery in a rural setting. We conducted one digital storytelling workshop with five women serving as peer mentors with lived experience of perinatal SUD...
June 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
Douglas Greg Gordon, Gideon de Jong
It is now well-established that Australia has a significant issue with methamphetamine. Recent dramatic changes in manufacturing have led to significant shifts in both the patterns of use and the relative purity of this illicit drug, with the crystalline form of methamphetamine commonly referred to as 'ice'. Excessive use not only impacts on those taking the drug, but also takes a heavy toll on their families. With few effective treatment options currently available, there is a strong focus on developing replacement pharmacotherapies and examining the efficacy of outpatient counselling and residential treatment options...
June 5, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Lloyd Berg, Benjamin King, Jessica Koenig, Roger L McRoberts
OBJECTIVE: Popular (i.e., nonclassical) musicians have higher rates of mental health disorders and mental health service utilization than the general population. Little is known, however, about how popular musicians perceive mental health interventions in terms of overall satisfaction and therapeutic benefit. METHODS: An online client satisfaction survey was sent to all musicians and family members who received mental health services through a nonprofit mental health organization in Austin, Texas, between July 2014 and June 2015 (n=628)...
June 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Alex Elswick, Amanda Fallin-Bennett, Kristin Ashford, Ronald Werner-Wilson
INTRODUCTION: Substance use disorders (SUDs) are chronic, relapsing brain disorders associated with morbidity, mortality, and high healthcare costs. Emerging adults are particularly vulnerable, with twice the risk of developing an SUD relative to their adult or adolescent counterparts. Emerging adults in addiction and recovery are understudied. Accordingly, the concept of recovery capital has been developed to account for the internal and external resources that an individual can mobilize to recover from an SUD...
April 2018: Journal of Addictions Nursing
Robert D Ashford, Austin M Brown, Brenda Curtis
Previous research has found initial evidence that word choice impacts the perception and treatment of those with behavioral health disorders through explicit bias (i.e., stigma). A more robust picture of behavioral health disorder stigma should incorporate both explicit and implicit bias, rather than relying on only one form. The current study uses the Go/No-Go Association Task to calculate a d' (sensitivity) indexed score of automatic attitudes (i.e., implicit associations) to two terms, "addict" and "person with substance use disorder...
June 4, 2018: Health Communication
Keith Humphreys, Warren K Bickel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 30, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
Anja Hetland Smeland, Alison Twycross, Stefan Lundeberg, Tone Rustøen
Despite readily available evidence to guide practice, children continue to experience moderate to severe pain in hospital postoperatively. Reasons for this may include attitudes of nurses toward pain management and their lack of knowledge in key areas. To identify nurses' knowledge and clinical practice of pediatric postoperative pain management and whether there is a link between knowledge and practice. A descriptive cross-sectional study including a questionnaire and observations was conducted in postanesthesia care (recovery) units in six university hospitals in Norway...
May 16, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
Katrin Charlet, Annika Rosenthal, Falk W Lohoff, Andreas Heinz, Anne Beck
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Resilience and recovery are of increasing importance in the field of alcohol dependence (AD). This paper describes how imaging studies in man can be used to assess the neurobiological correlates of resilience and, if longitudinal, of disease trajectories, progression rates and markers for recovery to inform treatment and prevention options. METHODS: Original articles on recovery and resilience in alcohol addiction and its neurobiological correlates were identified from 'PubMed' and have been analyzed and condensed within a systematic literature review...
May 9, 2018: Addiction
Justin Spiehs, Stacy Conner
As conceptualizations of substance-use disorders (SUDs) have changed, so too has the language used to describe these shifting views. Numerous words and phrases have fallen in and out of vogue as understandings of SUD etiology and treatment have emerged, then receded. In the United States, an historical language persists among health professionals and in society. We consider the role language plays in the SUD treatment field and how the language and concepts the words convey keep individuals from growing through and past the SUD...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
W Liang, F Ding, M X Wang, B L Liu, M Sun
BACKGROUND: Snap freezing and RNAlater stabilization are methods that were wildly used in biospecimen depositories to preserve cancer tissues. Both methods have its own limitations. An ideal method for preservation of diseased tissues should permit the broader uses of stored tissue samples, including not just for molecular diagnostic analysis, histopathological evaluation, but also for the recovery of functional live cells and tissues as well as the regeneration of patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models for the drug screening study...
July 2017: Cryo Letters
Scott E Hadland, Tae Woo Park, Sarah M Bagley
BACKGROUND: Opioid-related overdose deaths have risen sharply among young adults. Despite this increase, access to evidence-based medication for opioid agonist treatment (OAT) for youth remains low. Among older adults, barriers to OAT include the paucity of buprenorphine-waivered prescribers and low rates of prescribing among waivered physicians. We have increasingly found in our clinical practice significant stigma related to using OAT to treat addiction for young adults. In this series, we describe three cases of young adults who faced significant stigma related to their treatment...
May 7, 2018: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
Jannis E Meents, Krisztina Juhasz, Sonja Stölzle-Feix, Vera Peuckmann-Post, Roman Rolke, Angelika Lampert
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Oxycodone is a potent semi-synthetic opioid that is commonly used for the treatment of severe acute and chronic pain. However, treatment with oxycodone can lead to cardiac electrical changes, such as long-QT syndrome, potentially inducing sudden cardiac arrest. Here, we investigate whether the cardiac side effects of oxycodone can be explained by modulation of the cardiac sodium channel Nav1.5. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Heterologously expressed Nav1...
May 3, 2018: British Journal of Pharmacology
Todd Molfenter, Roger Brown, Andrew O'Neill, Ed Kopetsky, Alexander Toy
Telemedicine applications offer innovative approaches for treating and reducing the effects of substance use disorders (SUDs). This analysis assessed the interest in and use of 11 telemedicine applications in a sample of 363 SUD organizations in the United States of America. Fifty percent of the organizations expressed high rates of interest in seven of the telemedicine applications, demonstrating the appeal of telemedicine within this field. The top three self-reported telemedicine applications being used were (1) computerized screening/assessments (44...
2018: International Journal of Telemedicine and Applications
Gustavo Gonzalez-Cuevas, Remi Martin-Fardon, Tony M Kerr, David G Stouffer, Loren H Parsons, Dana C Hammell, Stan L Banks, Audra L Stinchcomb, Friedbert Weiss
Cannabidiol (CBD), the major non-psychoactive constituent of Cannabis sativa, has received attention for therapeutic potential in treating neurologic and psychiatric disorders. Recently, CBD has also been explored for potential in treating drug addiction. Substance use disorders are chronically relapsing conditions and relapse risk persists for multiple reasons including craving induced by drug contexts, susceptibility to stress, elevated anxiety, and impaired impulse control. Here, we evaluated the "anti-relapse" potential of a transdermal CBD preparation in animal models of drug seeking, anxiety and impulsivity...
March 22, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Jeffrey P Cardinale, George Gilly
The utility of opioid pain medications for perioperative analgesia is well described. However, opioids have many dangerous side effects including respiratory depression, acute tolerance, hyperalgesia, and chronic opioid dependence. Multimodal approaches continue to be used in more invasive and complex surgical procedures for enhanced recovery and decreased postoperative complications from opioid administration. The current case report centers on a 30-year-old male recovering from opioid addiction presenting with severe tricuspid regurgitation scheduled to undergo a tricuspid valve replacement...
April 1, 2018: Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
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