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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032310/building-addiction-recovery-capital-through-online-participation-in-a-recovery-community
#1
Ana-Maria Bliuc, David Best, Muhammad Iqbal, Katie Upton
RATIONALE: This study examines how online participation in a community of recovery contributes to personal journeys of recovery. It investigates whether recovery capital building - as indicated by increased levels and quality of online social interactions - and markers of positive identity development predict retention in a recovery program designed around fostering community involvement for early stage recovery addicts. HYPOTHESES: It was predicted that online participation on the group's Facebook page and positive identity development are associated to retention in the program...
September 30, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028554/recovery-capital-pathways-modelling-the-components-of-recovery-wellbeing
#2
Ivan Cano, David Best, Michael Edwards, John Lehman
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there has been recognition that recovery is a journey that involves the growth of recovery capital. Thus, recovery capital has become a commonly used term in addiction treatment and research yet its operationalization and measurement has been limited. Due to these limitations, there is little understanding of long-term recovery pathways and their clinical application. METHODS: We used the data of 546 participants from eight different recovery residences spread across Florida, USA...
September 28, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024875/social-networking-online-to-recover-from-opioid-use-disorder-a-study-of-community-interactions
#3
Alexandra R D'Agostino, Allison R Optican, Shaina J Sowles, Melissa J Krauss, Kiriam Escobar Lee, Patricia A Cavazos-Rehg
BACKGROUND: Social media has increasingly become a venue for health discourse and support, particularly for vulnerable individuals. This study examines user-generated content of an online Reddit community targeting individuals recovering from opiate addiction. METHODS: 100 Reddit posts and their comments were collected from the online community on August 19, 2016. Posts were qualitatively coded for opioid use disorder (OUD) criteria as outlined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), as well as other common themes...
October 5, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021114/a-police-led-addiction-treatment-referral-program-in-gloucester-ma-implementation-and-participants-experiences
#4
Davida M Schiff, Mari-Lynn Drainoni, Zoe M Weinstein, Lisa Chan, Megan Bair-Merritt, David Rosenbloom
BACKGROUND: The increasing rates of opioid use disorder and resulting overdose deaths are a public health emergency, yet only a fraction of individuals in need receive treatment. OBJECTIVE: To describe the implementation of and participants' experiences with a novel police-led addiction treatment referral program. METHODS: Follow-up telephone calls to participants in the Gloucester Police Department's Angel Program from June 2015-May 2016...
November 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991516/addressing-substance-use-disorder-in-primary-care-the-role-integration-and-impact-of-recovery-coaches
#5
Helen E Jack, Devin Oller, John Kelly, Jessica F Magidson, Sarah E Wakeman
BACKGROUND: Only 10% of people with substance use disorder (SUD) receive treatment, partially due to inadequate access to specialty SUD care and limited management within primary care. "Recovery coaches" (RCs), peers sharing the lived experience of addiction and recovery, are increasingly being integrated into primary care to help reach and treat people experiencing SUD, yet little is known about how their role should be defined or about their clinical integration and impact. METHODS: In order to explore patient and RC perspectives on the RC role, we conducted semi-structured interviews with RCs (n = 5) and their patients (n = 16)...
October 9, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985156/barriers-to-accessing-detox-facilities-substance-use-treatment-and-residential-services-among-women-impacted-by-commercial-sexual-exploitation-trafficking
#6
Lara B Gerassi
More than 50% of women entering substance use treatment in the U.S. reported having traded sex for money or drugs. Women's participation in addiction treatment and related services is essential to their recovery and increased safety, stabilization, and quality of life. This paper's aim is to explore the barriers related to accessing detox facilities and essential services including substance use treatment and residential services for women impacted by commercial sexual exploitation (CSE). Data are drawn from a larger, community-based, grounded theory study...
October 6, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983963/beyond-rescue-implementation-and-evaluation-of-revised-naloxone-training-for-law-enforcement-officers
#7
Chin Hwa Gina Dahlem, Lisa King, Glynis Anderson, Ashton Marr, Jonathon Eric Waddell, Marci Scalera
OBJECTIVE: This study describes the implementation and evaluation of revised opioid overdose prevention and education of naloxone training for law enforcement officers (LEOs) that added: (1) a recovery testimony and (2) the process for deputy-initiated referrals postnaloxone administration. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Evaluation regarding the naloxone training included a pre- and postopioid overdose knowledge surveys (N = 114) and subsequent 1-year postnaloxone training outcomes...
October 6, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976292/addiction-treatment-with-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-people-an-application-of-the-cenaps-model
#8
Leo Yates, Laura Dreany-Pyles
Alcohol and drug addiction is a significant problem among Deaf and hard of hearing people. Looking through a Deaf culture lens, treatment for alcohol and drug addiction is key for providing care for Deaf and hard of hearing clients. Using the CENAPS model, an applied cognitive-behavioral therapy program is recommended for addiction treatment. The CENAPS model provides clinicians with tools for stabilizing Deaf and hard of hearing clients, while supporting their transition to early recovery. Educating the client about the stages of relapse and the stages of recovery, clinicians using this model can better treat and prepare Deaf and hard of hearing clients for long-term recovery...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959894/hydrothermally-synthesized-zinc-oxide-nanorods-incorporated-on-lab-on-paper-device-for-electrochemical-detection-of-recreational-drug
#9
Jagriti Narang, Chaitali Singhal, Manika Khanuja, Ashish Mathur, Akshay Jain, C S Pundir
This paper reports an electrochemical paper analytical device (EPAD) for detection of recreational drug; methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA). MDMA is used as an addictive narcotic by youth and there is an urgent need to detect this drug as it is a potential neurotoxic agent. The proposed EPAD represents many advantageous features of being simple, low-cost, consistent and disposable. The working electrode of the EPAD features zinc oxide nanorods (ZnONRs). The morphological, optical, elemental composition and phase analysis of the synthesized ZnONRs has been characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), UV-Vis spectroscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDAX), photo-luminescence (PL) and X-ray diffraction (XRD)...
September 29, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952977/to-improve-substance-use-disorder-prevention-treatment-and-recovery-engage-the-family
#10
Alicia S Ventura, Sarah M Bagley
: Approximately 21 million people in the United States have a substance use disorder (SUD); the number of family members impacted by a loved one's SUD is exponentially greater. Affected family members of individuals with SUDs are at high risk for developing chronic medical and psychiatric health conditions, are high utilizers of the health care system, and have high health care expenditures. Family members play a central role in the lives of many individuals with SUDs; information given to family members can have a significant impact on persons with addiction and therefore the SUD treatment that an individual might receive...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942704/why-people-who-inject-drugs-voluntarily-transition-off-methadone-in-ukraine
#11
Julia Rozanova, Ruthanne Marcus, Faye S Taxman, Martha J Bojko, Lynn Madden, Scott O Farnum, Alyona Mazhnaya, Sergii Dvoriak, Frederick L Altice
Methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) treats opioid use disorder among people who inject drugs (PWID). To understand why PWID may voluntarily discontinue MMT, we analyzed data from 25 focus groups conducted in five Ukrainian cities from February to April 2013 with 199 participants who were currently, previously, or never on MMT. Using constant comparison method, we uncovered three themes explaining why PWID transition off MMT: (a) purposeful resistance to rigid social control associated with how MMT is delivered and to power asymmetries in provider-patient relationships, (b) self-management of a PWID's "wounded identity" that is common in socially stigmatized and physically sick persons-MMT serves as a reminder of their illness, and (c) the quest for a "normal life" uninterrupted by daily MMT site visits, harassment, and time inefficiencies, resources, and social capital...
September 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941573/hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-responsiveness-to-methamphetamine-is-modulated-by-gonadectomy-in-males
#12
Jason S Jacobskind, Zachary J Rosinger, Damian G Zuloaga
Sex differences in patterns of methamphetamine (MA) abuse have been reported with females (humans and rodents) showing an elevated addiction phenotype. Previous findings indicate MA-induced hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activation is also sexually dimorphic with females exhibiting an elevated glucocorticoid release and differential neural activation patterns within HPA axis-associated brain regions. These effects may contribute to sex differences in abuse. To determine the role of gonadal hormones in mediating sex differences in MA-induced glucocorticoids, male and female C57BL/6J mice were gonadectomized or sham-operated, and following recovery, injected with MA (5 mg/kg) and sacrificed 60 minutes or 120 minutes later...
September 20, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930061/promoting-adoption-of-medication-for-opioid-and-alcohol-use-disorders-through-system-change
#13
James H Ford, Amanda J Abraham, Nicoleta Lupulescu-Mann, Raina Croff, Kim A Hoffman, Kelly Alanis-Hirsch, Mady Chalk, Laura Schmidt, Dennis McCarty
OBJECTIVE: The Medication Research Partnership (MRP), a collaboration between a national commercial health plan and nine addiction treatment centers, implemented organizational and system changes to promote use of federally approved medications for treatment of alcohol and opioid use disorders. METHOD: A difference-in-differences analysis examined change over time in the percentage of patients receiving a prescription medication for alcohol or opioid use disorders treated in MRP (n = 9) and comparison (n = 15) sites...
September 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915841/is-there-room-for-resilience-a-scoping-review-and-critique-of-substance-use-literature-and-its-utilization-of-the-concept-of-resilience
#14
REVIEW
Katherine Rudzinski, Peggy McDonough, Rosemary Gartner, Carol Strike
Research in the area of illicit substance use remains preoccupied with describing and analyzing the risks of people who use drugs (PWUD), however more recently there has been a drive to use a strengths-based or resilience approach as an alternative to investigating drug use. This leads us to ask: what can be known about PWUD from the point of view of resilience? The objective of this scoping review is to analyze how the concept of resilience is defined, operationalized, and applied in substance use research...
September 15, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891662/increase-and-decrease-of-other-substance-use-during-recovery-from-cannabis-use-disorders
#15
David C Hodgins, Hyoun S Kim, Jonathan N Stea
Little is known about whether recovery from one addiction is associated with increased or decreased risk of subsequent other addictions. This study explored self-reported increases and decreases in other substance use among individuals who have recovered from cannabis use disorder. Media recruitment was used to obtain a sample of 119 individuals with lifetime but not past year cannabis use disorder (30% female). The median length of recovery was 5.0 years. Results showed that both increase and decrease in the use of other substances is very common in recovery from cannabis use...
September 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863059/recovery-beyond-buprenorphine-nurse-led-group-therapy
#16
Susanne A Fogger, Kathleen Lehmann
It has taken the tragedy of swelling opioid overdoses to raise addictions to national attention. This past year, a new law called the Comprehensive Addictions Recovery Act has helped to open doors for nurse practitioners and physician assistants to prescribe buprenorphine. Although this medication can assist those dependent on opioids in finding needed stability, medication-assisted treatment is only the beginning. Addiction and psychiatric nurses must play a larger role in providing various therapies that coincide with medication-assisted treatment to support ongoing recovery...
July 2017: Journal of Addictions Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862903/medication-assisted-treatment-for-opioid-addiction-in-the-united-states-critique-and-commentary
#17
Karen McElrath
In the United States, buprenorphine products (namely buprenorphine/naloxone combination) and methadone are the primary forms of medication-assisted treatment (MAT) that are authorized for addressing opioid addiction. Although treatment ideologies differentiate MAT programs, much of the provision in the US reflects a model of "high threshold, low tolerance." This model is discussed with a focus on structural and programmatic barriers that shape access to and retention in MAT. The critique continues with a discussion of multifaceted stigma that reinforces spoiled identities and diffuses into treatment settings...
September 1, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839344/methodological-pluralism-and-mixed-methodology-to-strengthen-community-psychology-research-an-example-from-oxford-house
#18
Emily M May, Bronwyn A Hunter, Leonard A Jason
This article evaluates how a plurality of research methods has served a research program that has functioned in a much-needed area of research: the role of housing and recovery residences in addiction recovery. The review focuses on one mutually supportive recovery residence model, called Oxford House, which represents more than 1,700 democratic, self-governing residences. To date, there has been no comprehensive evaluation of the research methods used with Oxford House or any other recovery residence. In this article, research methods, including study designs and data analyses, are summarized for 114 peer-reviewed empirical studies that included data on Oxford Houses or Oxford House residents...
January 2017: Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836712/religious-coping-in-patients-with-severe-substance-use-disorders-receiving-acute-inpatient-detoxification
#19
Morgan M Medlock, David H Rosmarin, Hilary S Connery, Margaret L Griffin, Roger D Weiss, Sterling L Karakula, R Kathryn McHugh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Religious coping, one of the most widely studied components of spirituality among psychiatric populations, has rarely been addressed in patients with severe substance use disorders (SUD). The aim of our study was to elucidate whether religious coping is related to symptom expression and mutual-help participation. METHODS: Self-reported religious coping was assessed in individuals sequentially admitted to a private psychiatric hospital for inpatient detoxification...
October 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834923/stress-and-addiction-when-a-robust-stress-response-indicates-resiliency
#20
Mustafa al'Absi
OBJECTIVE: Stress reactivity research has traditionally focused on the idea that exaggerated responses to stress may have adverse effects on health. Accumulating evidence suggests that attenuated responses to stress and delayed recovery may also be problematic. METHODS: This review focuses on the role of the stress response of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis, the endogenous opioid system (EOS), and the cardiovascular system in hypertension, pain perception, and addictive behaviors...
August 22, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
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