keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Addiction recovery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627395/the-opioid-epidemic-is-an-historic-opportunity-to-improve-both-prevention-and-treatment
#1
Robert L DuPont
The current narrative describing the national opioid epidemic as the result of overprescribing opioid pain medicines fails to capture the full dimensions of problem and leads to inadequate and even confounding solutions. Overlooked is the fact that polysubstance use is nearly ubiquitous among overdose deaths, demonstrating that the opioid overdose death problem is bigger than opioids. The foundation of the nation's opioid overdose crisis - and the totality of the nation's drug epidemic - is widespread recreational pharmacology, the use of drugs for fun or "self-medication...
June 13, 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626932/dentate-gyrus-neurogenesis-ablation-via-cranial-irradiation-enhances-morphine-self-administration-and-locomotor-sensitization
#2
Sarah E Bulin, Matthew L Mendoza, Devon R Richardson, Kwang H Song, Timothy D Solberg, Sanghee Yun, Amelia J Eisch
Adult dentate gyrus (DG) neurogenesis is important for hippocampal-dependent learning and memory, but the role of new neurons in addiction-relevant learning and memory is unclear. To test the hypothesis that neurogenesis is involved in the vulnerability to morphine addiction, we ablated adult DG neurogenesis and examined morphine self-administration (MSA) and locomotor sensitization. Male Sprague-Dawley rats underwent hippocampal-focused, image-guided X-ray irradiation (IRR) to eliminate new DG neurons or sham treatment (Sham)...
June 19, 2017: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557958/appropriate-use-of-drug-testing-in-clinical-addiction-medicine
#3
Margaret Jarvis, Jessica Williams, Matthew Hurford, Dawn Lindsay, Piper Lincoln, Leila Giles, Peter Luongo, Taleen Safarian
: Biological drug testing is a tool that provides information about an individual's recent substance use. Like any tool, its value depends on using it correctly; that is, on selecting the right test for the right person at the right time. This document is intended to clarify appropriate clinical use of drug testing in addiction medicine and aid providers in their decisions about drug testing for the identification, diagnosis, treatment, and recovery of patients with, or at risk for, addiction. The RAND Corporation (RAND)/University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Appropriateness Method (RAM) process for combining scientific evidence with the collective judgment of experts was used to identify appropriate clinical practices and highlight areas where research is needed...
May 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557631/the-daily-progress-system-a-proof-of-concept-pilot-study-of-a-recovery-support-technology-tool-for-outpatient-substance-abuse-treatment
#4
S B Carswell, M S Gordon, J Gryczynski, S A Tangires
BACKGROUND: Illicit substance use remains highly prevalent in the US, and epidemiological surveillance surveys estimate that in 2015, over 27 million individuals (10.1% of the US population) 12 years of age or older used illicit drugs in the past 30 days.(1) Outpatient treatment delivered in community-based settings is the dominant modality for addiction treatment, typically involving weekly psychosocial counseling sessions in an individual and/or group format.(2,3) Unfortunately, relapse and premature treatment discontinuation are quite common in outpatient treatment...
May 30, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554600/gratitude-abstinence-and-alcohol-use-disorders-report-of-a-preliminary-finding
#5
Amy R Krentzman
Gratitude is a central component of addiction recovery for many, yet it has received scant attention in addiction research. In a sample of 67 individuals entering abstinence-based alcohol-use-disorder treatment, this study employed gratitude and abstinence variables from sequential assessments (baseline, 6months, 12months) to model theorized causal relationships: gratitude would increase pre-post treatment and gratitude after treatment would predict greater percent days abstinent 6months later. Neither hypothesis was supported...
July 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546740/new-developments-in-managing-opioid-addiction-impact-of-a-subdermal-buprenorphine-implant
#6
REVIEW
MariaLisa Itzoe, Michael Guarnieri
Opioid addiction to prescription and illicit drugs is a serious and growing problem. In the US alone, >2.4 million people suffer from opioid use disorder. Government and pharmaceutical agencies have begun to address this crisis with recently released and revised task forces and medication-assisted therapies (MAT). For decades, oral or intravenous (IV) MATs have helped patients in their recovery by administration of opioid agonists (methadone, buprenorphine, oxycodone), antagonists (naltrexone, naloxone), and combinations of the two (buprenorphine/naloxone)...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525781/sleep-waves-and-recovery-from-drug-and-alcohol-dependence-towards-a-rhythm-analysis-of-sleep-in-residential-treatment
#7
Robert Meadows, Sarah Nettleton, Joanne Neale
This paper reports on a study of sleep amongst men and women who are living in residential rehabilitation centres in the UK and who are receiving support for their recovery from addiction to alcohol and other forms of substance use. Conceptually and methodologically, the paper draws on the work of the French sociologist Lefebvre and, in particular, his rhythmanalysis. We argue that this approach offers a useful way of exploring sleep in terms of biological, experiential, temporal, spatial and social rhythms...
July 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511843/interpellating-recovery-the-politics-of-identity-in-recovery-focused-treatment
#8
Renae Fomiatti, David Moore, Suzanne Fraser
Much research tends to treat alcohol and other drug 'recovery' as a process of positive identity change and development. In this article, we depart from this dominant approach by examining how the social and material practices of alcohol and other drug treatment are themselves active in the constitution of 'recovery identity'. Using Judith Butler's theorisation of interpellation, we examine the accounts of treatment experiences and practices provided in interviews with people who inject drugs. In contrast to the existing literature, we argue that the 'recovering addict' is a socially produced category rather than a coherent psychological identity...
May 13, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476273/treatment-seeking-as-a-mechanism-of-change-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-mobile-health-intervention-to-support-recovery-from-alcohol-use-disorders
#9
Joseph E Glass, James R McKay, David H Gustafson, Rachel Kornfield, Paul J Rathouz, Fiona M McTavish, Amy K Atwood, Andrew Isham, Andrew Quanbeck, Dhavan Shah
BACKGROUND: We estimated the efficacy of the Addiction-Comprehensive Health Enhancement Support System (A-CHESS) in increasing the use of services for addiction and examined the extent to which this use of services mediated the effects of A-CHESS on risky drinking days and abstinence from drinking. METHODS: We conducted secondary data analyses of the A-CHESS randomized controlled trial. Recruitment occurred in five residential treatment programs operated by two addiction treatment organizations...
June 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463852/substance-use-among-nurses-and-nursing-students-a-joint-position-statement-of-the-emergency-nurses-association-and-the-international-nurses-society-on-addictions
#10
Stephen Strobbe, Melanie Crowley
Alcohol and other substance use by nurses potentially places patients, the public, and nurses themselves at risk for serious injury or death. Nursing students are also at risk for problems related to substance use. When viewed and treated as a chronic medical illness, treatment outcomes for substance use disorders are comparable with those of other diseases and can result in lasting benefits. Professional monitoring programs that employ an alternative-to-discipline approach have been shown to be effective in the treatment of health professionals with substance use disorders and are considered a standard for recovery, with high rates of completion and return to practice...
April 2017: Journal of Addictions Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441678/the-addiction-recovery-clinic-a-novel-primary-care-based-approach-to-teaching-addiction-medicine
#11
Stephen R Holt, Nora Segar, Dana A Cavallo, Jeanette M Tetrault
PROBLEM: Substance use is highly prevalent in the United States, but little time in the curriculum is devoted to training internal medicine residents in addiction medicine. APPROACH: In 2014, the authors developed and launched the Addiction Recovery Clinic (ARC) to address this educational gap while also providing outpatient clinical services to patients with substance use disorders. The ARC is embedded within the residency primary care practice and is staffed by three to four internal medicine residents, two board-certified addiction medicine specialists, one chief resident, and one psychologist...
May 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441272/treating-smoking-in-adults-with-co-occurring-acute-psychiatric-and-addictive-disorders
#12
Smita Das, Norval J Hickman, Judith J Prochaska
OBJECTIVES: Tobacco use is undertreated in individuals with psychiatric and substance use disorders (SUDs), with concerns that quitting smoking may compromise recovery. We evaluated outcomes of a tobacco intervention among psychiatric patients with co-occurring SUDs. METHODS: Data from 2 randomized tobacco treatment trials conducted in inpatient psychiatry were combined; analyses focused on the subsample with co-occurring SUDs (n = 216). Usual care provided brief advice to quit and nicotine replacement therapy during the smoke-free hospitalization...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432902/ayahuasca-s-entwined-efficacy-an-ethnographic-study-of-ritual-healing-from-addiction
#13
Piera Talin, Emilia Sanabria
BACKGROUND: A range of studies has demonstrated the efficacy of the psychoactive Amazonian brew ayahuasca in addressing substance addiction. These have revealed that physiological and psychological mechanisms are deeply enmeshed. This article focuses on how interactive ritual contexts support the healing effort. The study of psychedelic-assisted treatments for addiction has much to gain from ethnographic analyses of healing experiences within the particular ecologies of use and care, where these interventions are rendered efficacious...
April 19, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428748/resting-state-neuroimaging-and-neuropsychological-findings-in-opioid-use-disorder-during-abstinence-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Hada Fong-Ha Ieong, Zhen Yuan
Dependence to opiates, including illicit heroin and prescription pain killers, and treatment of the opioid use disorder (OUD) have been longstanding problems over the world. Despite intense efforts to scientific investigation and public health care, treatment outcomes have not significantly improved for the past 50 years. One reason behind the continuing use of heroin worldwide despite such efforts is its highly addictive nature. Brain imaging studies over the past two decades have made significant contribution to the understanding of the addictive properties as to be due in part to biological processes, specifically those in the brain structure and function...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390903/obesity-is-associated-with-lack-of-inhibitory-control-and-impaired-heart-rate-variability-reactivity-and-recovery-in-response-to-food-stimuli
#15
Grazia Fernanda Spitoni, Cristina Ottaviani, Anna Maria Petta, Pietro Zingaretti, Massimiliano Aragona, Antonio Sarnicola, Gabriella Antonucci
Recent theories compare obesity with addiction in terms of lack of inhibitory control in both clinical populations. The present study hypothesized impaired inhibition in obese patients reflected both in executive functions and reduced vagal tone (indexed by a decrease in heart rate variability; HRV) in response to food stimuli. Twenty-four inpatients with obesity (19 women) and 37 controls (24 women) underwent ECG monitoring during baseline, food stimuli viewing, and a recovery phase. Tests and questionnaires assessing inhibitory control and psychopathological dispositions were also administered...
April 6, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386520/behavioral-and-stereological-analysis-of-the-effects-of-intermittent-feeding-diet-on-the-orally-administrated-mdma-ecstasy-in-mice
#16
Zeinab Ebrahimian, Zeinab Karimi, Mohammad Javad Khoshnoud, Mohammad Reza Namavar, Bahram Daraei, Mohsen Raza Haidari
Background: 3,4-methylenedioxy-methamphetamine or MDMA (also known as "ecstasy" or "molly") is a commonly abused drug that affects behavior and can lead to neuronal damage. Intermittent feeding is an effective dietary protocol that promotes neuroprotection and improves behavioral outcomes in animal models of neurotoxicity and neurodegenerative diseases. In this study, we investigated the behavioral and histological outcomes of the effect of intermittent feeding on the orally administered MDMA in mice. Methods: The animals (male albino mice) were divided into four groups: ad libitum (AL), intermittent feeding (IF) (food given every other day), and AL and IF control groups...
January 2017: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383206/what-is-alcoholics-anonymous-a-path-from-addiction-to-recovery-marc-galanter-new-york-usa-oxford-university-press-2016-isbn-9780190276560-255-pp-paperback-price-%C3%A2-19-99
#17
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376287/recovery-from-alcohol-dependence-do-smoking-indicators-predict-abstinence
#18
Anna Hufnagel, Ulrich Frick, Monika Ridinger, Norbert Wodarz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is inconsistent evidence about the potential influence of smoking on recovery from alcohol dependence. Our study aimed at assessing the impact of smoking-behavior on relapse during a 12 months follow-up period following a detoxification in patients with Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD). METHODS: Three hundred Patients with AUD (74.9% smoking) were recruited from two inpatient detoxification units in psychiatric hospitals in Germany and their alcohol consumption was prospectively followed for 1 year...
June 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375881/institutional-substance-use-disorder-intervention-improves-general-internist-preparedness-attitudes-and-clinical-practice
#19
Sarah E Wakeman, Genevieve Pham Kanter, Karen Donelan
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of hospital substance use disorder (SUD) initiative, which, beginning in October 2014, implemented an inpatient addiction consult team, a postdischarge addiction clinic, recovery coaches, and SUD treatment within primary care on general internists' attitudes, clinical practice, and preparedness to care for SUD. METHODS: Pre and postintervention survey of general internal medicine physicians at Massachusetts General Hospital, in Boston, Massachusetts, in September 2014 (n = 290) and 2015 (n = 296) was conducted...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373890/restructuring-reward-mechanisms-in-nicotine-addiction-a-pilot-fmri-study-of-mindfulness-oriented-recovery-enhancement-for-cigarette-smokers
#20
B Froeliger, A R Mathew, P A McConnell, C Eichberg, M E Saladin, M J Carpenter, E L Garland
The primary goal of this pilot feasibility study was to examine the effects of Mindfulness-Oriented Recovery Enhancement (MORE), a behavioral treatment grounded in dual-process models derived from cognitive science, on frontostriatal reward processes among cigarette smokers. Healthy adult (N = 13; mean (SD) age 49 ± 12.2) smokers provided informed consent to participate in a 10-week study testing MORE versus a comparison group (CG). All participants underwent two fMRI scans: pre-tx and after 8-weeks of MORE...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
keyword
keyword
2549
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"