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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199932/claire-clark-the-recovery-revolution-the-battle-over-addiction-treatment-in-the-united-states-new-york-columbia-university-press-2017-pp-%C3%A2-336-35-00-hardback-isbn-9780231176385
#1
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199843/motivational-interviewing-enhancement-and-brief-interventions-over-the-last-decade-a-review-of-reviews-of-efficacy-and-effectiveness
#2
Carlo C DiClemente, Catherine M Corno, Meagan M Graydon, Alicia E Wiprovnick, Daniel J Knoblach
Motivation is a well-established predictor of recovery for addictive behaviors. Treatments aimed at changing substance use and gambling frequently employ motivational enhancing strategies, based in the principles of Motivational Interviewing (MI). Evidence for these approaches across addictive behaviors does not always paint a clear picture. The purpose of this review was to examine existing reviews of motivational-based interventions for various substances of abuse and gambling in the last decade to gain a deeper understanding of the current evidence and implications for future research and clinical practice...
December 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179064/a-simple-and-highly-sensitive-uplc-esi-ms-ms-method-for-the-simultaneous-quantification-of-nicotine-cotinine-and-the-tobacco-specific-carcinogens-n-nitrosonornicotine-and-4-methylnitrosamino-1-3-pyridyl-1-butanone-in-serum-samples
#3
Lucie Loukotková, Linda S VonTungeln, Michelle Vanlandingham, Gonçalo Gamboa da Costa
According to the World Health Organization, the consumption of tobacco products is the single largest cause of preventable deaths in the world, exceeding the total aggregated number of deaths caused by diseases such as AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria. An important element in the evaluation of the health risks associated with the consumption of tobacco products is the assessment of the internal exposure to the tobacco constituents responsible for their addictive (e.g. nicotine) and carcinogenic (e.g. N-nitrosamines such as NNN and NNK) properties...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162112/continuity-of-care-as-experienced-by-mental-health-service-users-a-qualitative-study
#4
Eva Biringer, Miriam Hartveit, Bengt Sundfør, Torleif Ruud, Marit Borg
BACKGROUND: People who struggle with mental health problems can provide valuable insight into understanding and improving the coordination of mental health and welfare services. The aims of the study were to explore service users' experiences and perceptions of continuity of care within and across services relevant to personal recovery, to elicit which dimensions of continuity of care are most essential to service users, and to generate ideas for improving service users' experiences of continuity of care...
November 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061151/comparison-of-health-related-quality-of-life-among-men-with-different-co-existing-severe-mental-disorders-in-treatment-for-substance-use
#5
Ana Adan, Julia E Marquez-Arrico, Gail Gilchrist
BACKGROUND: Patient-perceived health-related quality of life has become an important outcome in health care as an indicator of treatment effectiveness and recovery for patients with substance use disorder. As no study has assessed health-related quality of life among male patients with substance use disorder and co-existing severe mental illness, we compared health-related quality of life among patients with substance use disorder and the following severe mental illness diagnosis in Barcelona, Spain: schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder, and examined the associations with clinically related variables...
October 23, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057032/decreased-drinking-and-alcoholics-anonymous-are-associated-with-different-dimensions-of-spirituality
#6
Amy R Krentzman, Stephen Strobbe, J Irene Harris, Jennifer M Jester, Elizabeth A R Robinson
Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is a spiritual program and involvement in it has been associated with increases in spirituality. Some who pursue recovery outside AA also use spirituality for support. Decreasing drinking without AA involvement might result in spiritual change, but this has not been explored in previous research. This study investigates drinking and AA behavior to determine their association with seven dimensions of subsequent spirituality. METHODS: A 30-month panel study recruited 364 individuals with alcohol dependence...
September 2017: Psychology of Religion and Spirituality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054291/neuroscience-informed-psychoeducation-for-addiction-medicine-a-neurocognitive-perspective
#7
Hamed Ekhtiari, Tara Rezapour, Robin L Aupperle, Martin P Paulus
Psychoeducation (PE) is defined as an intervention with systematic, structured, and didactic knowledge transfer for an illness and its treatment, integrating emotional and motivational aspects to enable patients to cope with the illness and to improve its treatment adherence and efficacy. PE is considered an important component of treatment in both medical and psychiatric disorders, especially for mental health disorders associated with lack of insight, such as alcohol and substance use disorders (ASUDs). New advancements in neuroscience have shed light on how various aspects of ASUDs may relate to neural processes...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054290/addictive-behaviors-why-and-how-impaired-mental-time-matters
#8
Xavier Noël, Nematollah Jaafari, Antoine Bechara
Mental time travel (MTT) allows navigation into the past, the future, and the minds of others, and it subserves future-oriented decision-making. Impaired MTT has been associated with a tendency to over-rely on the present, which is a characteristic of addictive behaviors. We here discuss the possible relationship between impaired autographical memory, future-oriented MTT, shortened time horizons, suboptimal social cognition, and poor decision-making in individuals with drug and gambling use disorders. We elaborate on how impaired MTT could compromise the process of change in addiction recovery and the effectiveness of psychotherapy...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038678/posttraumatic-growth-and-recovery-from-addiction
#9
Eyal Haroosh, Sara Freedman
Background: It is well documented that individuals coping with adverse events report both negative outcomes, such as posttraumatic stress symptoms, as well as positive changes, described as posttraumatic growth. Positive changes are also reported in people who have recovered from substance abuse. It seems plausible from the literature that both of these types of positive changes have elements in common. To date, no published studies have examined positive outcomes among people who have recovered from addiction...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032310/building-addiction-recovery-capital-through-online-participation-in-a-recovery-community
#10
Ana-Maria Bliuc, David Best, Muhammad Iqbal, Katie Upton
RATIONALE: This study examines how online participation in a community of recovery contributes to personal journeys of recovery. It investigates whether recovery capital building - as indicated by increased levels and quality of online social interactions - and markers of positive identity development predict retention in a recovery program designed around fostering community involvement for early stage recovery addicts. HYPOTHESES: It was predicted that online participation on the group's Facebook page and positive identity development are associated to retention in the program...
November 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028554/recovery-capital-pathways-modelling-the-components-of-recovery-wellbeing
#11
Ivan Cano, David Best, Michael Edwards, John Lehman
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there has been recognition that recovery is a journey that involves the growth of recovery capital. Thus, recovery capital has become a commonly used term in addiction treatment and research yet its operationalization and measurement has been limited. Due to these limitations, there is little understanding of long-term recovery pathways and their clinical application. METHODS: We used the data of 546 participants from eight different recovery residences spread across Florida, USA...
September 28, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024875/social-networking-online-to-recover-from-opioid-use-disorder-a-study-of-community-interactions
#12
Alexandra R D'Agostino, Allison R Optican, Shaina J Sowles, Melissa J Krauss, Kiriam Escobar Lee, Patricia A Cavazos-Rehg
BACKGROUND: Social media has increasingly become a venue for health discourse and support, particularly for vulnerable individuals. This study examines user-generated content of an online Reddit community targeting individuals recovering from opiate addiction. METHODS: 100 Reddit posts and their comments were collected from the online community on August 19, 2016. Posts were qualitatively coded for opioid use disorder (OUD) criteria as outlined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), as well as other common themes...
December 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021114/a-police-led-addiction-treatment-referral-program-in-gloucester-ma-implementation-and-participants-experiences
#13
Davida M Schiff, Mari-Lynn Drainoni, Zoe M Weinstein, Lisa Chan, Megan Bair-Merritt, David Rosenbloom
BACKGROUND: The increasing rates of opioid use disorder and resulting overdose deaths are a public health emergency, yet only a fraction of individuals in need receive treatment. OBJECTIVE: To describe the implementation of and participants' experiences with a novel police-led addiction treatment referral program. METHODS: Follow-up telephone calls to participants in the Gloucester Police Department's Angel Program from June 2015-May 2016...
November 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991516/addressing-substance-use-disorder-in-primary-care-the-role-integration-and-impact-of-recovery-coaches
#14
Helen E Jack, Devin Oller, John Kelly, Jessica F Magidson, Sarah E Wakeman
BACKGROUND: Only 10% of people with substance use disorder (SUD) receive treatment, partially due to inadequate access to specialty SUD care and limited management within primary care. "Recovery coaches" (RCs), peers sharing the lived experience of addiction and recovery, are increasingly being integrated into primary care to help reach and treat people experiencing SUD, yet little is known about how their role should be defined or about their clinical integration and impact. METHODS: Semistructured interviews with RCs (n = 5) and their patients (n = 16) were used to explore patient and RC perspectives on the RC role...
October 9, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985156/barriers-to-accessing-detox-facilities-substance-use-treatment-and-residential-services-among-women-impacted-by-commercial-sexual-exploitation-trafficking
#15
Lara B Gerassi
More than 50% of women entering substance use treatment in the U.S. reported having traded sex for money or drugs. Women's participation in addiction treatment and related services is essential to their recovery and increased safety, stabilization, and quality of life. This paper's aim is to explore the barriers related to accessing detox facilities and essential services including substance use treatment and residential services for women impacted by commercial sexual exploitation (CSE). Data are drawn from a larger, community-based, grounded theory study...
October 6, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983963/beyond-rescue-implementation-and-evaluation-of-revised-naloxone-training-for-law-enforcement-officers
#16
Chin Hwa Gina Dahlem, Lisa King, Glynis Anderson, Ashton Marr, Jonathon Eric Waddell, Marci Scalera
OBJECTIVE: This study describes the implementation and evaluation of revised opioid overdose prevention and education of naloxone training for law enforcement officers (LEOs) that added: (1) a recovery testimony and (2) the process for deputy-initiated referrals postnaloxone administration. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Evaluation regarding the naloxone training included a pre- and postopioid overdose knowledge surveys (N = 114) and subsequent 1-year postnaloxone training outcomes...
October 6, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976292/addiction-treatment-with-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-people-an-application-of-the-cenaps-model
#17
Leo Yates, Laura Dreany-Pyles
Alcohol and drug addiction is a significant problem among deaf and hard of hearing people. Looking through a Deaf culture lens, treatment for alcohol and drug addiction is key for providing care for deaf and hard of hearing clients. Using the CENAPS model, an applied cognitive-behavioral therapy program is recommended for addiction treatment. The CENAPS model provides clinicians with tools for stabilizing deaf and hard of hearing clients, supporting their transition to early recovery. Educating the client about the stages of relapse and the stages of recovery, clinicians using this model can better treat and prepare deaf and hard of hearing clients for long-term recovery...
July 2017: Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959894/hydrothermally-synthesized-zinc-oxide-nanorods-incorporated-on-lab-on-paper-device-for-electrochemical-detection-of-recreational-drug
#18
Jagriti Narang, Chaitali Singhal, Manika Khanuja, Ashish Mathur, Akshay Jain, C S Pundir
This paper reports an electrochemical paper analytical device (EPAD) for detection of recreational drug; methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA). MDMA is used as an addictive narcotic by youth and there is an urgent need to detect this drug as it is a potential neurotoxic agent. The proposed EPAD represents many advantageous features of being simple, low-cost, consistent and disposable. The working electrode of the EPAD features zinc oxide nanorods (ZnONRs). The morphological, optical, elemental composition and phase analysis of the synthesized ZnONRs has been characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), UV-Vis spectroscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDAX), photo-luminescence (PL) and X-ray diffraction (XRD)...
September 29, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952977/to-improve-substance-use-disorder-prevention-treatment-and-recovery-engage-the-family
#19
Alicia S Ventura, Sarah M Bagley
: Approximately 21 million people in the United States have a substance use disorder (SUD); the number of family members impacted by a loved one's SUD is exponentially greater. Affected family members of individuals with SUDs are at high risk for developing chronic medical and psychiatric health conditions, are high utilizers of the health care system, and have high health care expenditures. Family members play a central role in the lives of many individuals with SUDs; information given to family members can have a significant impact on persons with addiction and therefore the SUD treatment that an individual might receive...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942704/why-people-who-inject-drugs-voluntarily-transition-off-methadone-in-ukraine
#20
Julia Rozanova, Ruthanne Marcus, Faye S Taxman, Martha J Bojko, Lynn Madden, Scott O Farnum, Alyona Mazhnaya, Sergii Dvoriak, Frederick L Altice
Methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) treats opioid use disorder among people who inject drugs (PWID). To understand why PWID may voluntarily discontinue MMT, we analyzed data from 25 focus groups conducted in five Ukrainian cities from February to April 2013 with 199 participants who were currently, previously, or never on MMT. Using constant comparison method, we uncovered three themes explaining why PWID transition off MMT: (a) purposeful resistance to rigid social control associated with how MMT is delivered and to power asymmetries in provider-patient relationships, (b) self-management of a PWID's "wounded identity" that is common in socially stigmatized and physically sick persons-MMT serves as a reminder of their illness, and (c) the quest for a "normal life" uninterrupted by daily MMT site visits, harassment, and time inefficiencies, resources, and social capital...
September 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
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