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Shirin Niromanesh, Mahboobeh Shirazi, Mitra Eftekhariyazdi, Forough Mortazavi
Background: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is one of the most common medical complications of pregnancy and is related to poor perinatal outcomes. Reduction of neonatal complications of GDM is feasible by assessment of fetal well-being. Both fetal Doppler and NST are used for the screening of high-risk pregnancies. Objective: We aimed to compare the non-stress test (NST) and umbilical artery (UA) Doppler assessments for evaluation of the adverse perinatal outcomes in GDM...
December 2017: Electronic Physician
Raghad Mubarak Aljuhaysh, Nagah Mohamed Abo El-Fetoh, Malak Ibrahim Alanazi, Afaf Shuaib Albaqawi, Wafa Mohammed Alanazi, Najah Salah Alanazi, Reham Muqbil Alanazi, Atheer Mutab Alanazi, Eiman Mohammad Alnemer, Rahma Abdulhadi Alenezi, Tasleem Khoudier Alabdullatif, Rehab Abdallah Alanazi, Samiyah Sarhan Alanazi, Kawthar Saeed Alsultan, Ibtisam Matan Alanazi, Duaa Sami Alsunayni
Background and aim: Rh isoimmunization still contributes to the neonatal morbidity and mortality due to non-immunization, under-immunization, and in rare cases, false Rh typing. The main objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of Rh incompatibility, mothers' knowledge about Rh incompatibility, mothers' knowledge about anti-D immunoglobulin and to show the pregnancy outcome of Rh negative mothers. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out at the Maternity and Children Hospital in Arar city from November 2016 to May 2017...
December 2017: Electronic Physician
Mirjam N Landgraf, Lucia Albers, Birte Rahmsdorf, Katharina Vill, Lucia Gerstl, Michaela Lippert, Florian Heinen
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to evaluate the knowledge about fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) and the implementation of the German guideline for FASD among different professionals in the health and social system and among parents with children with FASD. METHODS: A questionnaire about FASD, containing 20 items, was sent by post to all children's hospitals (n = 287), all hospitals for child and adolescent psychiatry (n = 173), all social paediatric centres (n = 162), all neuropaediatricians (n = 129) and all youth welfare offices (n = 672) in Germany...
March 2, 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
Alessandra Busonera, Stefania Cataudella, Jessica Lampis, Marco Tommasi, Giulio Cesare Zavattini
BACKGROUND: The Prenatal Attachment Inventory (PAI) is a widely used questionnaire to measure prenatal attachment. However, its internal structure is controversial. None of the previous studies have investigated the dimensions of the Italian version of the scale using both an exploratory and a confirmatory approach. There is also a need to explore extensively the external validity of the Italian PAI. OBJECTIVE: We designed a study aimed at shedding further light on the dimensionality of the questionnaire and expanding the evidence of its reliability and validity...
November 2017: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Anna Zdolska-Wawrzkiewicz, Magdalena Chrzan-Dętkoś, Mariola Bidzan
OBJECTIVE: This paper investigates the connections in pregnant women between their mother attachment style and their self-image as a mother, the image of their mother as a mother, and their bond with the unborn child. BACKGROUND: The relationship with one's mother plays a crucial role in the process of becoming a mother. It influences what a pregnant woman thinks about herself as a mother. This relationship is a predictor of the bond with the child during the pregnancy...
February 2018: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Nozlena Abdul Samad, Ahmad Bustamam Abdul, Heshu Sulaiman Rahman, Abdullah Rasedee, Tengku Azmi Tengku Ibrahim, Yeap Swee Keon
Context: Due to increase in the number of patients with impaired immunity, the incidence of liver cancer has increased considerably. Aims: The aim of this study is the investigation the in vitro anticancer effect of zerumbone (ZER) on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Materials and Methods: The anticancer mechanism of ZER was determined by the rat aortic ring, human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) proliferation, chorioallantoic membrane, cell migration, and proliferation inhibition assays...
January 2018: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Helena Domeij, Gunilla Fahlström, Göran Bertilsson, Monica Hultcrantz, Heather Munthe-Kaas, Christina Nehlin Gordh, Gert Helgesson
AIM: To identify and assess available evidence from qualitative studies exploring experiences of individuals living with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) or those living with a child with FASD, as well as experiences of interventions aimed at supporting individuals with FASD and their families. METHOD: A systematic literature search was conducted in six electronic databases: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Scopus. Included studies were analysed using manifest content analysis...
February 26, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Harini Ravi, Gabriel McNeill, Shruti Goel, Steven D Meltzer, Nathan Hunkapiller, Allison Ryan, Brynn Levy, Zachary P Demko
INTRODUCTION: Non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) for aneuploidy using cell-free DNA in maternal plasma has been widely adopted. Recently, NIPT coverage has expanded to detect subchromosomal abnormalities including the 22q11.2 deletion. Validation of a SNP-based NIPT for detection of 22q11.2 deletions demonstrating a high sensitivity (97.8%) and specificity (99.75%) has been reported. We sought to further demonstrate the performance of a revised version of the test in a larger set of pregnancy plasma samples...
2018: PloS One
Juan Wen, Xuejing Song, Hongjuan Ding, Xiaofeng Shen, Rong Shen, Ling-Qun Hu, Wei Long
There is an urgent need in China to better predict vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) to face the challenge of the second child policy. We aimed to validate a widely used VBAC prediction model (Grobman's model) and a modified version of this model in a Chinese population. In this retrospective cohort study, 444 women with one cesarean delivery and at least one subsequent attempt for a trial of labor in Nanjing, China were included. The considered potential VBAC predictors included Grobman's background variables and five new variables...
February 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
Dana Vitner, Kristin Harris, Cynthia Maxwell, Dan Farine
BACKGROUND: Obesity in pregnancy has become one of the most important challenges in obstetrical care given its prevalence and potential adverse impact on both mother and fetus. The primary objective of this descriptive review is to identify common themes and distinctions within the current recommendations for maternal obesity in the most updated version of four published national guidelines. METHODS: We reviewed the following guidelines for obesity in pregnancy: American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) 2015, Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (RANZCOG) 2013, Royal College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (RCOG) 2010, and Society of Obstetrics and Gynecologists of Canada (SOGC) 2010...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Jason Gardosi, Andre Francis, Sue Turner, Mandy Williams
Appropriate standards for the assessment of fetal growth and birthweight are central to good clinical care, and have become even more important with increasing evidence that growth-related adverse outcomes are potentially avoidable. Standards need to be evidence based and validated against pregnancy outcome and able to demonstrate utility and effectiveness. A review of proposals by the Intergrowth consortium to adopt their single international standard finds little support for the claim that the cases that it identifies as small are due to malnutrition or stunting, and substantial evidence that there is normal physiologic variation between different countries and ethnic groups...
February 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Masoumeh Kordi, Sahar Riyazi, Marziyeh Lotfalizade, Mohammad Taghi Shakeri, Hoseyn Jafari Suny
BACKGROUND AND GOAL: Screening of fetal anomalies is assumed as a necessary measurement in antenatal cares. The screening plans aim at empowerment of individuals to make the informed choice. This study was conducted in order to compare the effect of group and face-to-face education and decisional conflicts among the pregnant females regarding screening of fetal abnormalities. METHODS: This study of the clinical trial was carried out on 240 pregnant women at <10-week pregnancy age in health care medical centers in Mashhad city in 2014...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Mònica Druguet, Laura Nuño, Carlota Rodó, Silvia Arévalo, Elena Carreras, Juana Gómez-Benito
OBJECTIVE: To examine the psychological effect on women of the loss of one or both fetuses during a monochorionic twin pregnancy and to identify associated protective and risk factors. DESIGN: Descriptive, cross-sectional, correlational study. SETTING: Maternity unit of the Vall d'Hebron University Hospital in Barcelona, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-eight White Spanish women who lost one or both fetuses during a monochorionic twin pregnancy...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
Anne Doster, Stephanie Wallwiener, Mitho Müller, Lina Maria Matthies, Katharina Plewniok, Sandra Feller, Ruben-Jeremias Kuon, Christof Sohn, Joachim Rom, Markus Wallwiener, Corinna Reck
OBJECTIVES: In understanding early disturbances in the mother-child relationship, maternal-fetal attachment has become an important concept. To date no study has investigated the reliability and validity of the German version of the Maternal Fetal Attachment Scale (MFAS). The present study aimed to close this gap. METHODS: Questionnaires were completed in a sample of 324 women [third trimester (T1), first week postpartum (T2), and 4 months postpartum (T3)]. In addition to the MFAS (T1), the following measures were assessed: the questionnaire of partnership (T1), the postpartum bonding questionnaire (T2), the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (T1-T3), the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (T1-T3), and the pregnancy related anxiety questionnaire (T1-T3)...
February 5, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Simin Atashkhoie, Hojat Pourfathi, Bahman Naghipour, Shahla Meshgi
Several techniques have been proposed to prevent hypotension in obstetric patients. Ephedrine and phenylephrine are individually used to prevent maternal hypotension; however, each has its own drawbacks. Some researchers have reported that the infusion of combined ephedrine and phenylephrine immediately after spinal anesthesia for cesarean delivery reduces the incidence of maternal hypotension. Other studies have indicated that the combination is not superior to the infusion of an individual agent. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of prophylactic infusion of ephedrine and phenylephrine before the induction of spinal anesthesia for cesarean section on maternal hemodynamic...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Fatemeh Ghodrati, Narges Saadatmand, Saeid Gholamzadeh, Marzieh Akbarzadeh
Background The therapeutic abortion law, in accordance with the fatwa issued by our Muslim jurisprudent approved by the parliament in 2005, has made major developments in dealing with cases of therapeutic abortions. Objective This study aimed at identifying the prevalence and causes of therapeutic abortion requests to the Legal Medicine Organization of Fars province, Shiraz, by pregnant teenager mothers. Methods This study was a retrospective, cross-sectional, descriptive survey. In this study, all documents related to therapeutic abortion requests from the Legal Medicine Organization of Fars province (southern Iran) from 2006 to 2013 were investigated...
February 5, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Laurence Soucy-Giguère, Cédric Gasse, Yves Giguère, Suzanne Demers, Emmanuel Bujold, Amélie Boutin
BACKGROUND: Intra-amniotic inflammation is associated with adverse pregnancy and neonatal outcomes. However, the impact on child neurodevelopment remains unclear. We aim to assess the effect of intra-amniotic inflammation on neurodevelopmental outcomes in children. METHODS: The databases MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, and Cochrane will be searched from their inception until November 2017. Randomized trials and cohort studies in which inflammatory markers were measured in amniotic fluid collected by amniocentesis and in which infant's neurodevelopment was assessed will be eligible...
January 22, 2018: Systematic Reviews
(no author information available yet)
The original version of this article unfortunately incorrectly captured table 4.
January 20, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Jérôme M J Cornette, Jan S Erkamp
BACKGROUND: Experience with internal podalic version and breech extraction is diminishing, especially in the younger generation of obstetricians. Simulation training is essential to teach and maintain these skills. INSTRUMENT: We present a mannequin-based simulation method that enhances realistic sensations during training. EXPERIENCE: By positioning the fetal mannequin into a thin plastic bag filled with water, the impression of palpating, grabbing, and pulling the fetal feet through the plastic bag is similar to reaching feet through intact membranes...
January 9, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Giorgia Falanga, Marco Moscatelli, Giana Izzo, Cecilia Parazzini, Chiara Doneda, Andrea Righini
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate single-shot (ss) FLAIR sequence in the detection of intraventricular anomalies in a series of fetuses showing mild-moderate ventriculomegaly at ultrasound. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Fetuses with mild-moderate isolated ventriculomegaly, which underwent MR imaging between 2003 and 2014 were considered eligible. Fetuses were examined by standard MR protocol and ss-FLAIR sequence, tailored for snapshot imaging. Two paediatric neuroradiologists evaluated MR images...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
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