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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915376/psychometric-properties-of-the-postpartum-bonding-questionnaire-and-correlates-of-mother-infant-bonding-impairment-in-italian-new-mothers
#1
Alessandra Busonera, Stefania Cataudella, Jessica Lampis, Marco Tommasi, Giulio Cesare Zavattini
OBJECTIVE: impaired maternal bonding is a risk factor for problems with infant well-being and development. The investigation of perinatal variables related to disorders of the mother-infant relationship as well as the administration of reliable and valid screening tools to new mothers in the postpartum can help identify early signs of a disturbed mother-child relationship. The Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire (PBQ) has been shown to be a valid screening instrument, but its dimensional structure is still controversial...
September 1, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904711/factors-determining-late-antenatal-care-booking-and-the-content-of-care-among-pregnant-mother-attending-antenatal-care-services-in-east-wollega-administrative-zone-west-ethiopia
#2
Eyasu Ejeta, Regea Dabsu, Olifan Zewdie, Elias Merdassa
INTRODUCTION: Antenatal care (ANC) is important for both maternal and fetal health. However, the existing evidence from developing countries indicates that most pregnant women attending ANC in their late pregnancy. Little is known about the factors determining ANC booking and the content of care among pregnant women in West part of Ethiopia. Therefore, the present study was conducted to identify factors determining late ANC booking and the content of care among pregnant mother attending antenatal care services in East Wollega administrative zone, West Ethiopia...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892981/effect-of-transdermal-nitroglycerine-on-doppler-velocity-waveforms-of-the-uterine-umbilical-and-fetal-middle-cerebral-arteries-in-patients-with-chronic-placental-insufficiency-a-prospective-rct
#3
Suruchi Gupta, Meenakshi Chauhan, Jyotsna Sen, Smiti Nanda
INTRODUCTION: Increase in Nitric Oxide (NO) may be important in vascular adaptation needed to accommodate increased uteroplacental blood flow as pregnancy advances. Hence, in certain conditions like Pregnancy Induced Hypertension (PIH) and Fetal Growth Restriction (FGR), NO donors may play an effective role in increasing uteroplacental perfusion. Transdermal route appears to be a safe and effective route. AIM: To evaluate the effect of nitroglycerine patch on Doppler velocity waveforms of the uterine, umbilical and fetal middle cerebral arteries in patients with chronic placental insufficiency...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882402/visceral-endoderm-and-the-primitive-streak-interact-to-build-the-fetal-placental-interface-of-the-mouse-gastrula
#4
Adriana M Rodriguez, Karen M Downs
Hypoblast/visceral endoderm assists in amniote nutrition, axial positioning and formation of the gut. Here, we provide evidence, currently limited to humans and non-human primates, that hypoblast is a purveyor of extraembryonic mesoderm in the mouse gastrula. Fate mapping a unique segment of axial extraembryonic visceral endoderm associated with the allantoic component of the primitive streak, and referred to as the "AX", revealed that visceral endoderm supplies the placentae with extraembryonic mesoderm. Exfoliation of the AX was dependent upon contact with the primitive streak, which modulated Hedgehog signaling...
September 4, 2017: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871576/first-trimester-combined-screening-for-preeclampsia-and-small-for-gestational-age-a-single-centre-experience-and-validation-of-the-fmf-screening-algorithm
#5
Beatrice Mosimann, Chantal Pfiffner, Sofia Amylidi-Mohr, Lorenz Risch, Daniel Surbek, Luigi Raio
AIM OF THE STUDY: Preeclampsia (PE) is associated with severe maternal and fetal morbidity in the acute presentation and there is increasing evidence that it is also an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease later in life. Therefore, preventive strategies are of utmost importance. The Fetal Medicine Foundation (FMF) London recently developed a first trimester screening algorithm for placenta-related pregnancy complications, in particular early onset preeclampsia (eoPE) requiring delivery before 34 weeks, and preterm small for gestational age (pSGA), with a birth weight <5th percentile and delivery before 37 weeks of gestation, based on maternal history and characteristics, and biochemical and biophysical parameters...
September 5, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860525/glucocorticoids-are-lower-at-delivery-in-maternal-but-not-cord-blood-of-obese-pregnancies
#6
Laura I Stirrat, George Just, Natalie Z M Homer, Ruth Andrew, Jane E Norman, Rebecca M Reynolds
Glucocorticoids are vital for lung maturation. We previously showed that cortisol is lower in obese pregnancy. Whether this is maintained at delivery is unknown but is clinically relevant as maternal and cord blood cortisol levels are correlated and offspring of obese are more likely to need neonatal respiratory support. We hypothesized that glucocorticoids are lower in maternal and cord blood at delivery in obese pregnancies. Glucocorticoids (cortisol and corticosterone) and their inactive versions (cortisone and 11-dehydrocorticosterone) were measured by LC-MS/MS in maternal and cord plasma from 259 Caucasian women at delivery (BMI 18-55 kg/m(2))...
August 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852663/does-maternal-and-fetal-health-locus-of-control-predict-self-care-behaviors-among-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#7
Masoumeh Kordi, Mahsima Banaei Heravan, Negar Asgharipour, Farideh Akhlaghi, Seyed Reza Mazloum
INTRODUCTION: Gestational diabetes is the most common metabolic disorder in pregnancy, and lack of self-care is the most important reason for mortality in diabetic patients. Since the glycemic control is associated with physiological and psychological mechanisms, variables such as health locus of control can play a role in health behaviors of diabetic patients. Therefore, this study was aimed to predict self-care behaviors among women with gestational diabetes based on maternal health locus of control (MHLC) and fetal health locus of control (FHLC)...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852656/preconception-care-in-therapeutic-abortion-applicants
#8
Farzaneh Shirmohammadi, Nafisehsadat Nekuei, Parvin Bahadoran, Gita Montazery
BACKGROUND: Some risk factors that would lead to therapeutic abortion do even exist before pregnancy and could be resolved or corrected through appropriate interventions. The present study was conducted to evaluate the condition of preconception care among therapeutic abortion applicants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This research was a descriptive, cross-sectional study that was conducted on 200 applicants for therapeutic abortion at the Forensics Medicine Center of Isfahan (Iran) who were selected convenience sampling from October 2014 to March 2015...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847027/applying-the-newman-peacock-prognostic-system-to-a-portuguese-obstetrical-population-a-useful-tool
#9
Rita Mendes Silva, Nuno Clode
Background External cephalic version (ECV) is a maneuver that enables the rotation of the non-cephalic fetus to a cephalic presentation. The Newman-Peacock (NP) index, which was proposed by Newman et al. in a study published in 1993, was described as a prediction tool of the success of this procedure; it was validated in a North-American population, and three prognostic groups were identified. Purpose To evaluate the value of the NP score for the prediction of a successful ECV in a Portuguese obstetrical population, and to evaluate maternal and fetal safety...
August 28, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830463/diffusion-tensor-mr-imaging-characteristics-of-cerebral-white-matter-development-in-fetal-pigs
#10
Wenxu Qi, Song Gao, Caixia Liu, Gongyu Lan, Xue Yang, Qiyong Guo
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the anisotropic features of fetal pig cerebral white matter (WM) development by magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging, and to evaluate the developmental status of cerebral WM in different anatomical sites at different times. METHODS: Fetal pigs were divided into three groups according to gestational age: E69 (n = 8), E85 (n = 11), and E114 (n = 6). All pigs were subjected to conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and diffusion tensor imaging using a GE Signa 3...
August 22, 2017: BMC Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806537/effect-of-oral-hydration-on-external-cephalic-version-at-term
#11
Virna Franca Zobbi, Antonella Nespoli, Elisa Spreafico, Roberta Recalcati, Federica Loi, Antonietta Scian, Stefania Galimberti
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of oral hydration on the success rate of external cephalic version (ECV). DESIGN: Randomized controlled and single-blind trial. SETTING: Academic tertiary hospital with approximately 3,000 births annually. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred sixty-four women at a gestational age of at least 37 weeks with breech-presenting fetuses and normal amniotic fluid indexes (AFIs). METHODS: Participants were randomly assigned to drink 2000 ml or no more than 100 ml of water in the 2 hours before undergoing ECV...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801392/can-promoting-awareness-of-fetal-movements-and-focusing-interventions-reduce-fetal-mortality-a-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomised-trial-affirm
#12
Alexander E P Heazell, Christopher J Weir, Sarah J E Stock, Catherine J Calderwood, Sarah Cunningham Burley, J Frederik Froen, Michael Geary, Alyson Hunter, Fionnuala M McAuliffe, Edile Murdoch, Aryelly Rodriguez, Mary Ross-Davie, Janet Scott, Sonia Whyte, Jane E Norman
BACKGROUND: In 2013, the stillbirth rate in the UK was 4.2 per 1000 live births, ranking 24th out of 49 high-income countries, with an annual rate of reduction of only 1.4% per year. The majority of stillbirths occur in normally formed infants, with (retrospective) evidence of placental insufficiency the most common clinical finding. Maternal perception of reduced fetal movements (RFM) is associated with placental insufficiency and increased risk of subsequent stillbirth.This study will test the hypothesis that the introduction of a package of care to increase women's awareness of the need for prompt reporting of RFM and standardised management to identify fetal compromise with timely delivery in confirmed cases, will reduce the rate of stillbirth...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747161/factors-associated-with-perinatal-mortality-among-public-health-deliveries-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia-an-unmatched-case-control-study
#13
Yemisrach Getiye, Mesganaw Fantahun
BACKGROUND: perinatal mortality is the sum of still birth (fetal death) and early neonatal death (ENND) i.e. death of live newborn before the age of 7 completed days. Perinatal mortality accounts three fourth of the deaths of the neonatal period and is one of the major challenges for under-five mortality. Therefore this study was conducted to better understand the common and avoidable factors that affect perinatal mortality in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. METHODS: An unmatched case control study design using secondary data as a source of information was conducted...
July 26, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723831/effect-of-intrathecal-bupivacaine-dose-on-the-success-of-external-cephalic-version-for-breech-presentation-a-prospective-randomized-blinded-clinical-trial
#14
Laurie A Chalifoux, Jeanette R Bauchat, Nicole Higgins, Paloma Toledo, Feyce M Peralta, Jason Farrer, Susan E Gerber, Robert J McCarthy, John T Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Breech presentation is a leading cause of cesarean delivery. The use of neuraxial anesthesia increases the success rate of external cephalic version procedures for breech presentation and reduces cesarean delivery rates for fetal malpresentation. Meta-analysis suggests that higher-dose neuraxial techniques increase external cephalic version success to a greater extent than lower-dose techniques, but no randomized study has evaluated the dose-response effect. We hypothesized that increasing the intrathecal bupivacaine dose would be associated with increased external cephalic version success...
October 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713516/sequential-compression-pump-effect-on-hypotension-due-to-spinal-anesthesia-for-cesarean-section-a-double-blind-clinical-trial
#15
Fatemeh Javaherforoosh Zadeh, Mostafa Alqozat, Reza Akhond Zadeh
BACKGROUND: Spinal anesthesia (SA) is a standard technique for cesarean section. Hypotension presents an incident of 80-85% after SA in pregnant women. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of intermittent pneumatic compression of lower limbs on declining spinal anesthesia induced hypotension during cesarean section. METHODS: This double-blind clinical prospective study was conducted on 76 non-laboring parturient patients, aged 18-45 years, with the American Society of Anesthesiologist physical status I or II who were scheduled for elective cesarean section at Razi Hospital, Ahvaz, Iran from December 21, 2015 to January 20, 2016...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666232/investigating-tangible-and-mental-resources-as-predictors-of-perceived-household-food-insecurity-during-pregnancy-among-women-in-a-south-african-birth-cohort-study
#16
Jennifer A Pellowski, Whitney Barnett, Caroline C Kuo, Nastassja Koen, Heather J Zar, Dan J Stein
RATIONALE: Food insecurity during pregnancy is concerning given the increased nutritional needs of the mother for proper fetal development. However, research is lacking within the South African context to investigate the association of economic and psychosocial factors and food insecurity among pregnant women, using comprehensive, conceptually driven models. OBJECTIVE: This study applies the Network-Individual-Resource (NIR) Model to investigate individual, intimate dyadic, and family level predictors of perceived household food insecurity for pregnant women...
August 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645121/effect-of-obesity-on-gestational-and-perinatal-outcomes
#17
Sônia Regina Cabral Madi, Rosa Maria Rahmi Garcia, Vandrea Carla de Souza, Renato Luís Rombaldi, Breno Fauth de Araújo, José Mauro Madi
Purpose To assess the impact of pre-pregnancy obesity (body mass index [BMI] ≥ 30 kg/m(2)) on the gestational and perinatal outcomes. Methods Retrospective cohort study of 731 pregnant women with a BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2) at the first prenatal care visit, comparing them with 3,161 women with a BMI between 18.5 kg/m(2) and 24.9 kg/m(2). Maternal and neonatal variables were assessed. Statistical analyses reporting the demographic features of the pregnant women (obese and normal) were performed with descriptive statistics followed by two-sided independent Student's t tests for the continuous variables, and the chi-squared (χ(2)) test, or Fisher's exact test, for the categorical variables...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633042/feasibility-study-of-a-family-focused-intervention-to-improve-outcomes-for-children-with-fasd
#18
Natasha Reid, Sharon Dawe, Paul Harnett, Doug Shelton, Lauren Hutton, Frances O'Callaghan
BACKGROUND: Growing evidence shows that children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) can benefit from interventions, and specifically interventions focused on improving self-regulation. However, novel ways of improving outcomes for children with FASD need further investigation so that programs target not only the individual child but also the family context, which includes the parent-child relationship. AIMS: The current study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of an adapted version of the Parents under Pressure (PuP) program that addresses self-regulatory processes, through improving the parent-child relationship and the use of mindfulness-based strategies for both children and parents...
August 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616410/assessing-effects-of-bl67-points-stimulation-on-fetal-heart-rate-parameters-and-fetal-movements-during-nonstress-test
#19
Masume Pirhadi, Mahboube Valiani
CONTEXT: One of the main goals of antenatal testing is to identify fetuses at the risk of neurologic injury or death so that these adverse outcomes can be prevented. We want to assess the effects of BL67 points' stimulation on fetal heart rate parameters and fetal movements during nonstress test (NST). We did a quasi-experimental design in Shahid Beheshti Hospital in Isfahan in 2011. AIMS: This study aims to assessment of the effects of BL67 points' stimulation on fetal heart rate parameters and fetal movements...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584004/vaginal-birth-after-two-previous-caesarean-deliveries-in-a-patient-with-uterus-didelphys-and-an-interuterine-septal-defect
#20
Njoki Ng'ang'a, Jonathan Ratzersdorfer, Yaakov Abdelhak
Uterus didelphys is a congenital abnormality characterised by double uteri, double cervices and a double or single vagina that affects 0.3% to 11% of the general female population. A 23-year-old woman, gravida 3 para 3003, with uterus didelphys, acquired an iatrogenic interuterine septal defect during an otherwise routine primary caesarean delivery for fetal malpresentation. The defect was repaired but noted to have dehisced during her second pregnancy. A repeat caesarean section was performed due to fetal malpresentation after an unsuccessful external cephalic version...
June 5, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
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