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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324597/internal-podalic-version-and-breech-extraction-enhancing-realistic-sensations-in-a-simulation-model
#1
Jérôme M J Cornette, Jan S Erkamp
BACKGROUND: Experience with internal podalic version and breech extraction is diminishing, especially in the younger generation of obstetricians. Simulation training is essential to teach and maintain these skills. INSTRUMENT: We present a mannequin-based simulation method that enhances realistic sensations during training. EXPERIENCE: By positioning the fetal mannequin into a thin plastic bag filled with water, the impression of palpating, grabbing, and pulling the fetal feet through the plastic bag is similar to reaching feet through intact membranes...
January 9, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287023/single-shot-version-of-flair-sequence-in-the-detection-of-intraventricular-anomalies-preliminary-experience-in-fetal-mr-imaging
#2
Giorgia Falanga, Marco Moscatelli, Giana Izzo, Cecilia Parazzini, Chiara Doneda, Andrea Righini
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate single-shot (ss) FLAIR sequence in the detection of intraventricular anomalies in a series of fetuses showing mild-moderate ventriculomegaly at ultrasound. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Fetuses with mild-moderate isolated ventriculomegaly, which underwent MR imaging between 2003 and 2014 were considered eligible. Fetuses were examined by standard MR protocol and ss-FLAIR sequence, tailored for snapshot imaging. Two paediatric neuroradiologists evaluated MR images...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242840/the-mid-childhood-and-adolescent-antecedents-of-women-s-external-locus-of-control-orientation
#3
Jean Golding, Steven Gregory, Yasmin Iles-Caven, Stephen Nowicki
Background: External locus of control orientation (ELOC) is a powerful predictor of adverse consequences in regard to health, educational attainment, inter-personal relationships and well-being. Although many cross-sectional studies have been carried out, relatively little is known about antecedent factors influencing the development of ELOC. Methods: Over 12,000 pregnant women who enrolled in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) in south-west England, had completed a brief version of the Adult Nowicki-Strickland Internal-External LOC scale, together with detailed questions concerning their own parents and childhood...
2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212472/autism-risk-classification-using-placental-chorionic-surface-vascular-network-features
#4
Jen-Mei Chang, Hui Zeng, Ruxu Han, Ya-Mei Chang, Ruchit Shah, Carolyn M Salafia, Craig Newschaffer, Richard K Miller, Philip Katzman, Jack Moye, Margaret Fallin, Cheryl K Walker, Lisa Croen
BACKGROUND: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is one of the fastest-growing developmental disorders in the United States. It was hypothesized that variations in the placental chorionic surface vascular network (PCSVN) structure may reflect both the overall effects of genetic and environmentally regulated variations in branching morphogenesis within the conceptus and the fetus' vital organs. This paper provides sound evidences to support the study of ASD risks with PCSVN through a combination of feature-selection and classification algorithms...
December 6, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212457/the-decision-delivery-interval-in-emergency-caesarean-section-and-its-associated-maternal-and-fetal-outcomes-at-a-referral-hospital-in-northern-tanzania-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Birjna A Hirani, Bariki L Mchome, Nicholaus S Mazuguni, Michael J Mahande
BACKGROUND: Decision delivery interval (DDI) is the time line between a decision to conduct an emergency caesarean section and actual delivery of the baby. Prolong DDI constitute a third phase delay in provision of emergency obstetric care. Intervention designed to minimize DDI are vital, in attempt to prevent maternal morbidity and neonatal morbidity and mortality. The feasibility and practicability of the recommended DDI in recent studies have been questioned especially in limited resource setting and therefore the objective of our study was to determine the DDI and its associated fetalmaternal outcomes at a tertiary referral hospital in Tanzania...
December 7, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203625/fetal-microsatellite-in-the-heme-oxygenase-1-promoter-is-associated-with-severe-and-early-onset-preeclampsia
#6
Tea Kaartokallio, Siddheshwar Utge, Miira M Klemetti, Jussi Paananen, Kari Pulkki, Jarkko Romppanen, Ilkka Tikkanen, Seppo Heinonen, Eero Kajantie, Juha Kere, Katja Kivinen, Anneli Pouta, Päivi Lakkisto, Hannele Laivuori
Preeclampsia is a vascular pregnancy disorder that often involves impaired placental development. HO-1 (heme oxygenase 1, encoded by HMOX1) is a stress response enzyme crucial for endothelial and placental function. Long version of the guanine-thymine (GTn) microsatellite in the HMOX1 promoter decreases HO-1 expression, and the long maternal repeat is associated with late-onset preeclampsia. Our aim was to study whether the length of fetal repeat is associated with mother's preeclampsia, whether the length of fetal and maternal repeats affect HO-1 levels in placenta and maternal serum, and whether HO-1 levels are altered in preeclampsia...
December 4, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181500/perinatal-diagnosis-management-and-follow-up-of-cystic-renal-diseases-a-clinical-practice-recommendation-with-systematic-literature-reviews
#7
Charlotte Gimpel, Fred E Avni, Carsten Bergmann, Metin Cetiner, Sandra Habbig, Dieter Haffner, Jens König, Martin Konrad, Max C Liebau, Lars Pape, Georg Rellensmann, Andrea Titieni, Constantin von Kaisenberg, Stefanie Weber, Paul J D Winyard, Franz Schaefer
Importance: Prenatal and neonatal cystic kidney diseases are a group of rare disorders manifesting as single, multiple unilateral, or bilateral cysts or with increased echogenicity of the renal cortex without macroscopic cysts. They may be accompanied by grossly enlarged kidneys, renal oligohydramnios, pulmonary hypoplasia, extrarenal abnormalities, and neonatal kidney failure. The prognosis is extremely variable from trivial to very severe or even uniformly fatal, which poses significant challenges to prenatal counseling and management...
November 27, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173937/relationship-between-ultrasonic-marker-of-fetal-lung-maturity-and-lamellar-body-count
#8
Khadije Rezaie Keikhaie, Kolsoum Rezaie Kahkhaie, Nooshin Mohammadi, Nooshin Amjadi, Aliye Ahmadi Forg, Abbas Ali Ramazani
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was prediction the fetal lung maturity by ultrasonic markers and comparison by lamellar body count and fetal outcome. METHODS: A prospective Longitudinal study Department of perinatology of performed Emam Khomeini hospital and Mirza Kochak Khan Hospital in Tehran, Iran from March 2013 to January 2014. 100 pregnant women (37-40 weeks of gestation) who were admitted for elective cesarean section and referred for an obstetric ultrasound scan at the same day of their elective cesarean section were included...
January 2017: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142784/the-value-of-implementing-multidisciplinary-perinatal-care-conference-in-the-private-practice-setting
#9
Robert C Johnston, Sina Haeri, Richard T Hale, William Lindsley, Annette McCormick, Eric Su
Objective  The objective of this study was to estimate the impact of multidisciplinary (Multi-D) perinatal care conference (PCC) implementation in the private practice setting. Methods  After the initial 12-month period following implementation of the monthly PCC by private maternal-fetal medicine and neonatology practitioners, conference attendees were asked to completed a modified version of the Attitudes Toward Health Care Teams Scale, involving 19 questions assessing their attitudes and opinions toward Multi-D team care on a five-point Likert's scale...
October 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057691/the-outcomes-and-risk-factors-of-fetal-bradycardia-associated-with-external-cephalic-version
#10
Fumio Suyama, Kohei Ogawa, Yukiko Tazaki, Terumi Miwa, Kosuke Taniguchi, Noriyuki Nakamura, Satomi Tanaka, Shinji Tanigaki, Haruhiko Sago
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the outcomes and risk factors of fetal bradycardia after external cephalic version (ECV). METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of women who underwent ECV after 35 weeks of gestation in 2010-2016. We assessed the birth outcomes, including umbilical cord artery pH, according to the duration of fetal bradycardia and the risk factors for bradycardia. RESULTS: Among 390 cases, 189 (48.5%) cases showed fetal bradycardia during or immediately after ECV...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045943/reference-ranges-for-fetal-atrioventricular-and-ventriculoatrial-time-intervals-and-their-ratios-during-normal-pregnancy
#11
Beatrice Mosimann, Georgios Arampatzis, Sofia Amylidi-Mohr, Anice Bessire, Marialuigia Spinelli, Petros Koumoutsakos, Daniel Surbek, Luigi Raio
BACKGROUND: The diagnostic assessment of fetal arrhythmias relies on the measurements of atrioventricular (AV) and ventriculoatrial (VA) time intervals. Pulsed Doppler over in- and outflow of the left ventricle and tissue Doppler imaging are well-described methods, while Doppler measurements between the left brachiocephalic vein and the aortic arch are less investigated. The aim of this study was to compare these methods of measurement, to find influencing factors on AV and VA times and their ratio, and to create reference ranges...
October 19, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044877/sustained-fxn-expression-in-dorsal-root-ganglia-from-a-nonreplicative-genomic-hsv-1-vector
#12
Maria Ventosa, Zetang Wu, Filip Lim
BACKGROUND: Friedreich's ataxia (FA) is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disease caused by mutations in the frataxin gene (FXN), which lead to reduced levels of the essential mitochondrial protein frataxin. Currently there is no effective cure. METHODS: With the aim of developing a gene therapy for FA neuropathology, here we describe the construction and preliminary characterization of a high capacity nonreplicative genomic herpes simplex virus type 1 vector (H24B-FXNlac vector) carrying a reduced version of the human FXN genomic locus, comprising the 5 kb promoter and the FXN cDNA with the inclusion of intron 1...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Gene Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041923/fetal-heart-rate-abnormalities-during-and-after-external-cephalic-version-which-fetuses-are-at-risk-and-how-are-they-delivered
#13
Simone M Kuppens, Ida Smailbegovic, Saskia Houterman, Ingrid de Leeuw, Tom H Hasaart
BACKGROUND: Fetal heart rate abnormalities (FHR) during and after external cephalic version (ECV) are relatively frequent. They may raise concern about fetal wellbeing. Only occasionally they may lead to an emergency cesarean section. METHODS: Prospective cohort study in 980 women (> 34 weeks gestation) with a singleton fetus in breech presentation. During and after external cephalic version (ECV) FHR abnormalities were recorded. Obstetric variables and delivery outcome were evaluated...
October 17, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026371/proportion-and-factors-associated-with-low-fifth-minute-apgar-score-among-singleton-newborn-babies-in-gondar-university-referral-hospital-north-west-ethiopia
#14
Temesgen Worku Gudayu
BACK GROUND: New born babies with low Apgar scores are at an increased risk of perinatal morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: To assess proportion and factors associated with low 5(th) minute Apgar Apgar score among singleton newborn babies in Gondar University referral hospital; North West Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on singleton 261 live births from March - May, 2013. Data was collected from mother/newborn index using a structured and pre-tested questionnaire...
March 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017665/folic-acid-effect-on-artemether-induced-cardiac-anomalies-in-mice-embryos
#15
Muhammad Shahid Akhtar, Mohammad Tahir
OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of folic acid in preventing the adverse effects of artemether, on fetal heart in Albino mice. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Anatomy, University of Health Sciences, Lahore, from July 2011 to January 2012. METHODOLOGY: Eighteen pregnant Albino mice were randomly divided into three groups A, B, and C of six mice each. The control group Awas treated with intramuscular injection of solvent arachis oil 10...
September 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951278/successful-external-cephalic-version-is-an-independent-factor-for-caesarean-section-during-trial-of-labor%C3%A2-%C3%A2-a-matched-controlled-study
#16
J Boujenah, C Fleury, C Bonneau, I Pharisien, A Tigaizin, L Carbillon
INTRODUCTION: To assess the mode of delivery and Caesarean Section (CS) rate after successful External Cephalic Version (ECV). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A matched case-control study. Data were gathered from a tertiary care university hospital register from 1996-2015. All pregnant women who delivered after successful External Cephalic Version (ECV). Among 643 women who attempted ECV, we identified 198 with successful ECVs and compared them with the next two women who presented for labor management with spontaneous cephalic presentation, matching for delivery date, maternal age, parity, body mass index, and delivery history using univariate and stepwise logistic regression...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915376/psychometric-properties-of-the-postpartum-bonding-questionnaire-and-correlates-of-mother-infant-bonding-impairment-in-italian-new-mothers
#17
Alessandra Busonera, Stefania Cataudella, Jessica Lampis, Marco Tommasi, Giulio Cesare Zavattini
OBJECTIVE: impaired maternal bonding is a risk factor for problems with infant well-being and development. The investigation of perinatal variables related to disorders of the mother-infant relationship as well as the administration of reliable and valid screening tools to new mothers in the postpartum can help identify early signs of a disturbed mother-child relationship. The Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire (PBQ) has been shown to be a valid screening instrument, but its dimensional structure is still controversial...
September 1, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904711/factors-determining-late-antenatal-care-booking-and-the-content-of-care-among-pregnant-mother-attending-antenatal-care-services-in-east-wollega-administrative-zone-west-ethiopia
#18
Eyasu Ejeta, Regea Dabsu, Olifan Zewdie, Elias Merdassa
INTRODUCTION: Antenatal care (ANC) is important for both maternal and fetal health. However, the existing evidence from developing countries indicates that most pregnant women attending ANC in their late pregnancy. Little is known about the factors determining ANC booking and the content of care among pregnant women in West part of Ethiopia. Therefore, the present study was conducted to identify factors determining late ANC booking and the content of care among pregnant mother attending antenatal care services in East Wollega administrative zone, West Ethiopia...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892981/effect-of-transdermal-nitroglycerine-on-doppler-velocity-waveforms-of-the-uterine-umbilical-and-fetal-middle-cerebral-arteries-in-patients-with-chronic-placental-insufficiency-a-prospective-rct
#19
Suruchi Gupta, Meenakshi Chauhan, Jyotsna Sen, Smiti Nanda
INTRODUCTION: Increase in Nitric Oxide (NO) may be important in vascular adaptation needed to accommodate increased uteroplacental blood flow as pregnancy advances. Hence, in certain conditions like Pregnancy Induced Hypertension (PIH) and Fetal Growth Restriction (FGR), NO donors may play an effective role in increasing uteroplacental perfusion. Transdermal route appears to be a safe and effective route. AIM: To evaluate the effect of nitroglycerine patch on Doppler velocity waveforms of the uterine, umbilical and fetal middle cerebral arteries in patients with chronic placental insufficiency...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882402/visceral-endoderm-and-the-primitive-streak-interact-to-build-the-fetal-placental-interface-of-the-mouse-gastrula
#20
Adriana M Rodriguez, Karen M Downs
Hypoblast/visceral endoderm assists in amniote nutrition, axial positioning and formation of the gut. Here, we provide evidence, currently limited to humans and non-human primates, that hypoblast is a purveyor of extraembryonic mesoderm in the mouse gastrula. Fate mapping a unique segment of axial extraembryonic visceral endoderm associated with the allantoic component of the primitive streak, and referred to as the "AX", revealed that visceral endoderm supplies the placentae with extraembryonic mesoderm. Exfoliation of the AX was dependent upon contact with the primitive streak, which modulated Hedgehog signaling...
September 5, 2017: Developmental Biology
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