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Labour induction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804997/does-dental-hygienist-professional-education-meet-the-needs-of-working-life-educators-views
#1
T-L Jokiaho, P Kaakinen, J I Virtanen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the compatibility of dental hygienist education with working life from the perspective of their educators. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative study among principal educators of dental hygienists in Finland in 2012-2013. The participants were leading educators of dental hygienists (n = 13) from the four Finnish education units. We used semi-structured interviews based on previous Nordic studies to collect the data and analysed them using inductive content analysis...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799164/preconception-care-for-diabetic-women-for-improving-maternal-and-infant-health
#2
REVIEW
Joanna Tieu, Philippa Middleton, Caroline A Crowther, Emily Shepherd
BACKGROUND: Infants born to mothers with pre-existing type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus are at greater risk of congenital anomalies, perinatal mortality and significant morbidity in the short and long term. Pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes are at greater risk of perinatal morbidity and diabetic complications. The relationship between glycaemic control and health outcomes for both mothers and infants indicates the potential for preconception care for these women to be of benefit...
August 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783742/validation-of-maternal-reported-pregnancy-and-birth-characteristics-against-the-medical-birth-registry-of-norway
#3
Svein Magne Skulstad, Jannicke Igland, Ane Johannessen, Randi Jacobsen Bertelsen, Marianne Lønnebotn, Ernst Reidar Omenaas, Cecilie Svanes, Francisco Gomez Real
Studies using mothers' self-reported information on birth and pregnancy characteristics are common, but the validity of such data is uncertain. We evaluated questionnaire data from the RHINE III study on reproductive health provided by 715 mothers from Bergen, Norway, about their 1629 births between 1967 and 2010, using the Medical Birth Registry of Norway (MBRN) as gold standard. Validity of dichotomous variables (gender, preterm birth [<37 weeks' gestation], postterm birth [>42 weeks' gestation], induction of labour, forceps delivery, vacuum delivery, caesarean section, were assessed by sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values (PPV and NPV) and Cohen's kappa...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778037/comparison-of-midwife-led-care-and-obstetrician-led-care-on-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-singapore-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Shi Tian Voon, Julie Tay Suan Lay, Wilson Tam Wai San, Shefaly Shorey, Serena Koh Siew Lin
OBJECTIVES: to examine the maternal and neonatal outcomes of low-risk women receiving midwife-led care and obstetrician-led care. DESIGN, SETTING,&PARTICIPANTS: a retrospective cohort study design was used. Data were collected from a large tertiary maternity hospital in Singapore. This involved a medical record review of 368 women who had singleton, normal to low-risk, term pregnancy, and received midwife-led care and obstetrician-led care between 2013 to 2014. MEASUREMENTS: a data extraction tool was used to solicit information on the outcome measures, including duration of labour, mode of delivery, episiotomy, and 5-minutes Apgar score (<7)...
July 18, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765661/-factors-associated-with-blood-loss-during-precipitate-labor
#5
A Rubio Álvarez, A Hernández Martínez, M Molina Alarcón
BACKGROUND: Precipitate labour is related to the appearance of postpartum haemorrhage due to posterior uterine atony. However, preventive measures that may be effective in reducing blood loss in this type of delivery are still unknown. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the risk factors associated with blood loss produced in precipitate labour. METHODS: This was an observational, analytical retrospective cohort study based on a total sample of 742 women with vaginal delivery whose duration was less than 180 minutes, during the period 2010-2014...
July 28, 2017: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755910/reprint-of-fast-and-sensitive-in-vivo-studies-under-controlled-environmental-conditions-to-substitute-long-term-field-trials-with-genetically-modified-plants
#6
Patricia Horn, André Schlichting, Christel Baum, Ute Hammesfahr, Sören Thiele-Bruhn, Peter Leinweber, Inge Broer
We introduce an easy, fast and effective method to analyze the influence of genetically modified (GM) plants on soil and model organisms in the laboratory to substitute laborious and time consuming field trials. For the studies described here we focused on two GM plants of the so-called 3rd generation: GM plants producing pharmaceuticals (PMP) and plant made industrials (PMI). Cyanophycin synthetase (cphA) was chosen as model for PMI and Choleratoxin B (CTB) as model for PMP. The model genes are expressed in transgenic roots of composite Vicia hirsuta plants grown in petri dishes for semi-sterile growth or small containers filled with non-sterile soil...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750676/evaluation-of-a-bespoke-training-to-increase-uptake-by-midwifery-teams-of-nice-guidance-for-membrane-sweeping-to-reduce-induction-of-labour-a-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomised-design
#7
Sara Kenyon, Sophie Dann, Lucy Hope, Paula Clarke, Amanda Hogan, David Jenkinson, Karla Hemming
BACKGROUND: National guidance recommends pregnant women are offered membrane sweeping at term to reduce induction of labour. Local audit suggested this was not being undertaken routinely across two maternity units in the West Midlands, UK between March and November 2012. METHODS: Bespoke training session for midwifery teams (nine community and one antenatal clinic) was developed to address identified barriers to encourage offer of membrane sweeping, together with an information leaflet for women and appointment of a champion within each team...
July 27, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744896/elective-repeat-caesarean-section-versus-induction-of-labour-for-women-with-a-previous-caesarean-birth
#8
REVIEW
Jodie M Dodd, Caroline A Crowther, Rosalie M Grivell, Andrea R Deussen
BACKGROUND: When a woman has had a previous caesarean birth and requires induction of labour for a subsequent pregnancy, two options are available for her care: an elective repeat caesarean and planned induction of labour. Although risks and benefits are associated with both elective repeat caesarean birth and planned induction of labour, current sources of information are limited to non-randomised cohort studies, and studies designed in this way have significant potential for bias. Consequently, any conclusions based on results of these studies are limited in their reliability and should be interpreted with caution...
July 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731639/exploring-family-home-food-environments-household-resources-needed-to-utilise-weekly-deliveries-of-free-fruits-and-vegetables
#9
Sophie A Carty, Louise A Mainvil, John D Coveney
AIM: An adapted ethnographic approach was used to explore household factors that influence family fruit and vegetable consumption when access and cost barriers are removed. 'Structural' barriers, such as food affordability and accessibility, are likely to influence fruit and vegetable consumption in disadvantaged households, but households may require additional resources (human and social) to increase consumption. METHODS: Five low-income and five high-income households with children (N = 39 individuals) were observed in their home environment for three months...
April 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698953/what-can-we-do-to-reduce-the-associated-costs-in-induction-of-labour-of-intrauterine-growth-restriction-foetuses-at-term-a-cost-analysis-study
#10
Jorge Duro-Gómez, María Fernanda Garrido-Oyarzún, Ana Belén Rodríguez-Marín, Antonio Jesús de la Torre González, José Eduardo Arjona-Berral, Camil Castelo-Branco
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the costs associated with induction of labour in intrauterine growth restriction fetuses comparing different procedures. STUDY DESIGN: 150 pregnancies at term diagnosed with intrauterine growth restriction and indication for induction of labour were included. 24 were ripened with misoprostol 25 μg tablets, 24 with dinoprostone 10 mg vaginal insert, and 77 with Cook(®) cervical ripening balloon. To determine the costs of induction of labour, method of induction, intrapartum medication, epidural analgesia, type of delivery, and maternal and neonatal admissions were considered...
July 11, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697540/three-doses-of-oral-misoprostol-versus-an-intra-cervical-foley-catheter-for-24-hours-for-pre-induction-cervical-ripening-in-post-dated-pregnancies-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
D Somirathne, Malik Goonewardene, L Dahanayake
Objectives: To compare three doses of oral misoprostol 50μg four hourly versus an intra-cervical Foley catheter for 24 hours, for pre-induction cervical ripening. Methods: Primary investigator blinded, randomised controlled trial conducted in 180 consecutive women with singleton uncomplicated pregnancies with Modified Bishop Score (MBS) 5 at 40 weeks + 6 days gestation, allocated by stratified (primigravida / multigravida) block randomization to receive three doses of oral misoprostol 50μg four hourly or an intra-cervical Foley catheter for 24 hours...
June 30, 2017: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680475/the-geography-of-pre-criminal-space-epidemiological-imaginations-of-radicalisation-risk-in-the-uk-prevent-strategy-2007-2017
#12
Charlotte Heath-Kelly
This paper explores geographical and epistemological shifts in the deployment of the UK Prevent strategy, 2007 - 2017. Counter-radicalisation policies of the Labour governments (2006 - 2010) focused heavily upon resilience-building activities in residential communities. They borrowed from historical models of crime prevention and public health to imagine radicalisation risk as an epidemiological concern in areas showing a 2% or higher demography of Muslims. However, this racialized and localised imagination of pre-criminal space was replaced, after the election of the Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition in 2010...
2017: Crit Stud Terror
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668289/foley-catheterisation-versus-oral-misoprostol-for-induction-of-labour-in-hypertensive-women-in-india-inform-a-multicentre-open-label-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Shuchita Mundle, Hillary Bracken, Vaishali Khedikar, Jayashree Mulik, Brian Faragher, Thomas Easterling, Simon Leigh, Paul Granby, Alan Haycox, Mark A Turner, Zarko Alfirevic, Beverly Winikoff, Andrew D Weeks
BACKGROUND: Between 62 000 and 77 000 women die annually from pre-eclampsia and eclampsia. Prompt delivery, preferably by the vaginal route, is vital for good maternal and neonatal outcomes. Two low-cost interventions-low-dose oral misoprostol tablets and transcervical Foley catheterisation-are already used in low-resource settings. We aimed to compare the relative risks and benefits of these interventions. METHODS: We undertook this multicentre, open-label, randomised controlled trial in two public hospitals in Nagpur, India...
August 12, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668288/oral-misoprostol-for-induction-of-labour-in-hypertensive-pregnancies
#14
Vanita Suri, Pooja Sikka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 12, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668074/evidence-of-lower-oxygen-reserves-during-labour-in-the-growth-restricted-human-foetus-a-retrospective-study
#15
Silvia Parisi, Clara Monzeglio, Rossella Attini, Marilisa Biolcati, Bianca Masturzo, Manuela Mensa, Marina Mischinelli, Eleonora Pilloni, Tullia Todros
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study is to test the hypothesis that Growth Restricted foetuses (FGR) have the tendency to develop more pathological cardiotocograpic tracings during labour than do appropriate for gestational age foetuses and that there is a shorter time lapse from the beginning of labour and the advent of a pathological cardiotocograpic tracing. METHODS: The study was carried out at the Maternal-Foetal Medicine Unit of the Sant'Anna University Hospital, Turin, Italy...
July 1, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663309/juvenile-onset-arthritis-and-pregnancy-outcome-a-population-based-cohort-study
#16
Katarina Remaeus, Kari Johansson, Johan Askling, Olof Stephansson
OBJECTIVES: Reports on pregnancy outcomes among women with juvenile onset arthritis (JIA) have been few and small. The aim of this study was to assess pregnancy outcomes in a large and contemporary cohort of women diagnosed with JIA. METHODS: In a nationwide Swedish population-based cohort study between 1992 and 2011, we identified 1807 births among women with JIA and 1 949 202 control births. Since JIA is a heterogenic condition, births to women with JIA was divided into JIA paediatric only (n=1169) and JIA persisting into adulthood (n=638)...
June 29, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646127/induction-of-labour-at-37-weeks-for-suspected-fetal-macrosomia-may-reduce-birth-trauma
#17
Kate Walker, Jim Thornton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639706/exercise-for-pregnant-women-with-gestational-diabetes-for-improving-maternal-and-fetal-outcomes
#18
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Gilles Ceysens, Michel Boulvain
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with both short- and long-term complications for the mother and her baby. Exercise interventions may be useful in helping with glycaemic control and improve maternal and infant outcomes.The original review on Exercise for diabetic pregnant women has been split into two new review titles reflecting the role of exercise for pregnant women with gestational diabetes and for pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes. Exercise for pregnant women with gestational diabetes for improving maternal and fetal outcomes (this review) Exercise for pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes for improving maternal and fetal outcomes OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of exercise interventions for improving maternal and fetal outcomes in women with GDM...
June 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637644/does-attendance-at-a-specialist-antenatal-clinic-improve-clinical-outcomes-in-women-with-class-iii-obesity-compared-with-standard-care-a-retrospective-case-note-analysis
#19
Fiona C Denison, Heather MacGregor, Laura I Stirrat, Kerrie Stevenson, Jane E Norman, Rebecca M Reynolds
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether attendance at a specialised multidisciplinary antenatal clinic for women with class III obesity (BMI >40 kg/m(2)) is associated with improved clinical outcomes compared with standard antenatal care. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using routinely collected data from electronic patient record. SETTING: Community and hospital based antenatal care. PARTICIPANTS: Women with a singleton pregnancy with class III obesity booked for antenatal care and delivered in one of two hospitals in NHS Lothian, Scotland, UK between 2008 and 2014...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632072/maternal-obesity-obstetric-interventions-and-post-partum-anaemia-increase-the-risk-of-post-partum-sepsis-a-population-based-cohort-study-based-on-swedish-medical-health-registers
#20
Daniel Axelsson, Marie Blomberg
BACKGROUND: The objective was to estimate whether maternal obesity and/or obstetric interventions are associated with diagnosed maternal post-partum sepsis. METHODS: A retrospective observational cohort study including all deliveries in Sweden between 1997 and 2012 (N = 1,558,752). Cases of sepsis (n = 376) were identified by International Classification of Diseases, (ICD-10) codes A40, A41 and O 85 in the Medical Birth Register and the National Patient Register...
June 20, 2017: Infectious Diseases
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