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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918344/implantation-of-stereoelectroencephalography-electrodes-a-systematic-review
#1
Francesco Cardinale, Giuseppe Casaceli, Fabio Raneri, Jonathan Miller, Giorgio Lo Russo
BACKGROUND: Stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) was developed by Talairach and Bancaud in Paris in the late 1950s. Subsequently, the Talairach methodology was adopted at a number of additional centers in Europe and Canada. Technical aspects remained essentially unchanged for the following 30 years. Only in the last two decades, because of advancements in image-guided surgery systems, robotics, and computer-aided planning, use of SEEG has become more widespread, and reports describing these new developments have been published...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916330/epidemiology-of-voice-disorders-in-latvian-school-teachers
#2
Baiba Trinite
OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of voice disorders in the teacher population in Latvia has not been studied so far and this is the first epidemiological study whose goal is to investigate the prevalence of voice disorders and their risk factors in this professional group. METHODS: A wide cross-sectional study using stratified sampling methodology was implemented in the general education schools of Latvia. The self-administered voice risk factor questionnaire and the Voice Handicap Index were completed by 522 teachers...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914804/nutrition-and-chronic-inflammatory-rheumatic-disease
#3
Luca Semerano, Chantal Julia, Ouidade Aitisha, Marie-Christophe Boissier
Nutrition is a major environmental influence on human health. Epidemiological and interventional studies suggest a pathophysiological or therapeutic role, respectively, for nutrition in inflammatory rheumatic diseases (IRDs). Nevertheless, the associations between nutrition and IRDs are often weak and inconsistent, and the available clinical trials on nutrition are methodologically flawed. Experimental evidence is accumulating that micronutrients in the diet may influence intestinal and systemic immune responses via complex interactions involving the gut microbiota...
November 30, 2016: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912737/hcv-prevalence-can-predict-hiv-epidemic-potential-among-people-who-inject-drugs-mathematical-modeling-analysis
#4
Vajiheh Akbarzadeh, Ghina R Mumtaz, Susanne F Awad, Helen A Weiss, Laith J Abu-Raddad
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) and HIV are both transmitted through percutaneous exposures among people who inject drugs (PWID). Ecological analyses on global epidemiological data have identified a positive association between HCV and HIV prevalence among PWID. Our objective was to demonstrate how HCV prevalence can be used to predict HIV epidemic potential among PWID. METHODS: Two population-level models were constructed to simulate the evolution of HCV and HIV epidemics among PWID...
December 3, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911960/application-of-latent-growth-modeling-to-identify-different-working-life-trajectories-the-case-of-the-spanish-workss-cohort
#5
Laura Serra, María Andrée López Gómez, Albert Sanchez-Niubo, George L Delclos, Fernando G Benavides
Objective The aim of this study was to describe the application of latent class growth analysis (LCGA) to identify different working life trajectories (WLT) using employed working time by year as a repeated measure. Methods Trajectories are estimated using LCGA, which considers all individuals within a trajectory to be homogeneous. The methodology was applied to a subsample of the Spanish WORKing life Social Security (WORKss) cohort, limited to persons born 1956-1965 (N=247 475). The number of days worked per year is used as a repeated measure across 32 time points (1981-2013)...
December 2, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909904/obesity-and-pancreatic-cancer
#6
Dominique S Michaud
Pancreatic cancer has few known risk factors, providing little in the way of prevention, and is the most rapidly fatal cancer with 7 % survival rate at 5 years. Obesity has surfaced as an important risk factor for pancreatic cancer as epidemiological studies with strong methodological designs have removed important biases and solidified the obesity associations. Moreover, studies indicate that obesity early in adulthood is strongly associated with future risk of pancreatic cancer and that abdominal obesity is an independent risk factor...
2016: Recent Results in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905351/-visualizing-research-lines-in-public-health-an-analysis-based-on-bibliometric-maps-applied-to-the-revista-espa%C3%A3-ola-de-salud-p%C3%A3%C2%BAblica-2006-2015
#7
Carmen Gálvez
OBJECTIVE: Identifying research lines is essential to understand the knowledge structure of a scientific domain. The aim of this study was to identify the main research topics of within the domain of public health, in the Revista Española de Saslud Pública during 2006-2015. METHODS: Original articles included in the Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI) database, available online through the Web of Science (WoS), were selected. The analysis units used were the keywords, KeyWords Plus (KW+), extracted automatically by SSCI...
December 1, 2016: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903270/association-between-time-of-discharge-from-icu-and-hospital-mortality-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Si Yang, Zheng Wang, Zhida Liu, Jinlai Wang, Lijun Ma
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have provided inconsistent results on whether intensive care unit (ICU) discharge at night and on weekends is associated with an increased risk of mortality. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to determine whether ICU discharge time was associated with hospital mortality. METHODS: The PubMed, Embase, and Scopus databases were searched to identify cohort studies that investigated the effects of discharge from the ICU on weekends and at night on hospital mortality, with adjustments for the disease severity at ICU admission or discharge...
December 1, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903058/space-time-epidemiology-and-effect-of-meteorological-parameters-on-influenza-like-illness-in-phitsanulok-a-northern-province-in-thailand
#9
Prakash Madhav Nimbalkar, Nitin Kumar Tripathi
Influenza-like illness (ILI) is an acute respiratory disease that remains a public health concern for its ability to circulate globally affecting any age group and gender causing serious illness with mortality risk. Comprehensive assessment of the spatio-temporal dynamics of ILI is a prerequisite for effective risk assessment and application of control measures. Though meteorological parameters, such as rainfall, average relative humidity and temperature, influence ILI and represent crucial information for control of this disease, the relation between the disease and these variables is not clearly understood in tropical climates...
November 21, 2016: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900164/prevalence-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-top-level-male-and-female-football-players
#10
Astrid Junge, Nina Feddermann-Demont
BACKGROUND: Scientific studies on the prevalence of mental health problems in elite athletes are rare, and most have had considerable methodological limitations, such as low response rate and heterogeneous samples. AIMS: To evaluate the prevalence of depression and anxiety in top-level football players in comparison to the general population, and to analyse potential risk factors. METHODS: Players of all first league (FL) and of four U-21 football teams in Switzerland were asked to answer a questionnaire on player's characteristics, the Centre of Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) scale...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893670/epidemiology-and-clinical-characteristics-of-traumatic-brain-injury-in-lebanon-a-systematic-review
#11
Hussein Abou-Abbass, Hisham Bahmad, Hiba Ghandour, Jawad Fares, Rayyan Wazzi-Mkahal, Basel Yacoub, Hala Darwish, Stefania Mondello, Hayat Harati, Mazen J El Sayed, Hani Tamim, Firas Kobeissy
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a debilitating medical and emerging public health problem that is affecting people worldwide due to a multitude of factors including both domestic and war-related acts. The objective of this paper is to systematically review the status of TBI in Lebanon - a Middle Eastern country with a weak health system that was chartered by several wars and intermittent outbursts of violence - in order to identify the present gaps in knowledge, direct future research initiatives and to assist policy makers in planning progressive and rehabilitative policies...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888817/the-role-of-an-electronic-questionnaires-in-epidemiologic-studies-aimed-at-cancer-prevention
#12
Maksymilian Gajda, Małgorzata Kowalska
The growing number of people diagnosed with cancer is an important issue in public health. Evaluation of the population’s level of cancer-related knowledge is mandatory for planning effective prevention or intervention programs. Until recently, traditional methodology, using paper questionnaire or telephone-based interviews had dominated previous cross sectional studies related to this issue. Currently, the use of new research methods based on information technology solutions has been more frequent. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to review published data available in the PubMed database towards the identification of strengths and weaknesses of crosssectional studies conducted via Internet, a type of information technology solution...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888505/geographical-and-ethnic-distribution-of-mthfr-gene-polymorphisms-and-their-associations-with-diseases-among-chinese-population
#13
REVIEW
Boyi Yang, Shujun Fan, Xueyuan Zhi, Ruilan Xia, Yanxun Wang, Quanmei Zheng, Guifan Sun
Numerous studies have investigated the distribution of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T and A1298C polymorphisms and their associations with diseases in China. In this study we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of these studies (715 eligible studies in total).Results revealed that the frequencies of the MTHFR C677T and A1298C polymorphisms varied markedly in different areas and ethnicities, and even showed geographical gradients. The MTHFR C677T polymorphism was significantly associated with 42 clinical disorders (P<0...
November 26, 2016: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881110/prevalence-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Swarna Gaddam, Sameer K Gunukula, James W Lohr, Pradeep Arora
BACKGROUND: The incidence and prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) continue to rise worldwide. Increasing age, diabetes, hypertension, and cigarette smoking are well-recognized risk factors for CKD. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by chronic airway inflammation leading to airway obstruction and parenchymal lung destruction. Due to some of the common pathogenic mechanisms, COPD has been associated with increased prevalence of CKD. METHODS: Systematic review of medical literature reporting the incidence and prevalence of CKD in patients with COPD using the Cochrane Collaboration Methodology, and conduct meta-analysis to study the cumulative effect of the eligible studies...
November 24, 2016: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879324/review-the-changing-face-of-hdl-and-the-best-way-to-measure-it
#15
REVIEW
Sotirios K Karathanasis, Lita A Freeman, Scott M Gordon, Alan T Remaley
BACKGROUND: HDL cholesterol (HDL-C) is a commonly used lipid biomarker for assessing cardiovascular health. While a central focus has been placed on the role of HDL in the reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) process, our appreciation for the other cardioprotective properties of HDL continues to expand with further investigation into the structure and function of HDL and its specific subfractions. The development of novel assays is empowering the research community to assess different aspects of HDL function, which at some point may evolve into new diagnostic tests...
November 22, 2016: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876092/assessing-the-validity-of-abbreviated-literature-searches-for-rapid-reviews-protocol-of-a-non-inferiority-and-meta-epidemiologic-study
#16
Barbara Nussbaumer-Streit, Irma Klerings, Gernot Wagner, Viktoria Titscher, Gerald Gartlehner
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews offer the most reliable and valid support for health policy decision-making, patient information, and guideline development. However, they are labor intensive and frequently take longer than 1 year to complete. Consequently, they often do not meet the needs of those who need to make decisions quickly. Rapid reviews have therefore become a pragmatic alternative to systematic reviews. They are knowledge syntheses that abbreviate certain methodological aspects of systematic reviews to produce information more quickly...
November 22, 2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871006/evaluating-the-use-of-friend-or-family-controls-in-epidemiologic-case-control-studies
#17
Charlie Zhong, Myles Cockburn, Wendy Cozen, Jenna Voutsinas, James V Lacey, Jianning Luo, Jane Sullivan-Halley, Leslie Bernstein, Sophia S Wang
BACKGROUND: Traditional methodologies for identifying and recruiting controls in epidemiologic case-control studies, such as random digit dialing or neighborhood walk, suffer from declining response rates. Here, we revisit the feasibility and comparability of using alternative sources of controls, specifically friend and family controls. METHODS: We recruited from a recently completed case-control study of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) among women in Los Angeles County where controls from the parent study were ascertained by neighborhood walk...
November 18, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869411/analysis-of-spatial-temporal-clusters-of-childhood-cancer-incidence-in-the-province-of-c%C3%A3-rdoba-argentina-2004-2013
#18
Lisandro Agost
INTRODUCTION: In spite of its low incidence, childhood cancer is becoming increasingly more relevant in Argentina. More advances have been made in cancer treatment than in the study of its etiology or determining factors. There are no investigations that analyze its spatial and temporal distribution or potential clustering. OBJETIVE: To perform exploratory spatial and temporal analyses based on the database of the Registry of Tumors of the Province of Córdoba (2004-2013) to determine the clustering of childhood cancer incidence in Córdoba (Argentina)...
December 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868221/what-s-new-in-atopic-eczema-an-analysis-of-systematic-reviews-published-in-2014-part-2-treatment-and-prevention
#19
REVIEW
A Lloyd-Lavery, N K Rogers, S J Hatfield, D Grindlay, R Barnett, K S Thomas
This review forms part of a series of annual updates that summarize the evidence base for atopic eczema (AE). It provides a summary of key findings from 12 systematic reviews (SRs) that were published or indexed during 2014, and focuses on the treatment and prevention of AE. For an update of SRs on the epidemiology, mechanisms of disease and methodological issues, see Part 1 of this update. Although phototherapy and various systemic medications (including ciclosporin, azathioprine and methotrexate) are commonly used to treat AE, many of these have not been robustly assessed in head-to-head randomized controlled trials...
November 21, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861983/genomic-and-metagenomic-technologies-to-explore-the-antibiotic-resistance-mobilome
#20
José L Martínez, Teresa M Coque, Val F Lanza, Fernando de la Cruz, Fernando Baquero
Antibiotic resistance is a relevant problem for human health that requires global approaches to establish a deep understanding of the processes of acquisition, stabilization, and spread of resistance among human bacterial pathogens. Since natural (nonclinical) ecosystems are reservoirs of resistance genes, a health-integrated study of the epidemiology of antibiotic resistance requires the exploration of such ecosystems with the aim of determining the role they may play in the selection, evolution, and spread of antibiotic resistance genes, involving the so-called resistance mobilome...
November 10, 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
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