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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445653/describing-the-mental-health-profile-of-first-respondersa-systematic-review-formula-see-text
#1
Sara Jones
BACKGROUND: First responders (FRs) are responsible for providing multiple services during various critical events. Considering the frequency, nature, and intensity of duty-related traumatic exposures, the cumulative impact on FRs' mental health is of paramount importance. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this systematic review was to describe how duty-related trauma exposure can affect the comprehensive mental health profile of FRs, including firefighters, emergency medical technicians, and paramedics...
February 1, 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443418/student-life-giving-evidence-at-an-inquest
#2
Mark Weetman
In my first year as a mental health nursing student, I was involved in an incident that resulted in the death of a service user.
April 26, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443058/predicting-outcome-12-months-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-patients-admitted-to-a-neurosurgery-service
#3
Torgeir Hellstrøm, Tobias Kaufmann, Nada Andelic, Helene L Soberg, Solrun Sigurdardottir, Eirik Helseth, Ole A Andreassen, Lars T Westlye
OBJECTIVE: Accurate outcome prediction models for patients with mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) are key for prognostic assessment and clinical decision-making. Using multivariate machine learning, we tested the unique and added predictive value of (1) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based brain morphometric and volumetric characterization at 4-week postinjury and (2) demographic, preinjury, injury-related, and postinjury variables on 12-month outcomes, including global functioning level, postconcussion symptoms, and mental health in patients with MTBI...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442033/out-of-pocket-healthcare-expenditure-and-chronic-disease-do-australians-forgo-care-because-of-the-cost
#4
Emily J Callander, Lisa Corscadden, Jean-Frederic Levesque
Although we do know that out-of-pocket healthcare expenditure is relatively high in Australia, little is known about what health conditions are associated with the highest out-of-pocket expenditure, and whether the cost of healthcare acts as a barrier to care for people with different chronic conditions. Cross-sectional analysis using linear and logistic regression models applied to the Commonwealth Fund international health policy survey of adults aged 18 years and over was conducted in 2013. Adults with asthma, emphysema and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) had 109% higher household out-of-pocket healthcare expenditure than did those with no health condition (95% CI: 50-193%); and adults with depression, anxiety and other mental health conditions had 95% higher household out-of-pocket expenditure (95% CI: 33-187%)...
April 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441333/how-are-service-dogs-for-adults-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-integrated-with-rehabilitation-in-denmark-a-case-study
#5
Chalotte Glintborg, Tia G B Hansen
A severe mental illness like Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is known to have psychosocial consequences that can lead to a decreased quality of life. Research in Animal-Assisted Therapy (AAT) has revealed that the presence of a dog can have a positive effect on health, e.g., increase quality of life and lessen depression and anxiety. However, canine companionship is not a catch-all solution. Previous research has revealed methodological limitations that prohibit any clear conclusions, as well as a sparsity of critical reflection in anecdotal reports and case studies, which means that more research is needed to contextualize the findings...
April 25, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441171/prevalence-of-psychopathology-in-children-of-parents-with-mental-illness-and-or-addiction-an-up-to-date-narrative-review
#6
Sophie Leijdesdorff, Karin van Doesum, Arne Popma, Rianne Klaassen, Therese van Amelsvoort
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Children of parents with a mental illness and/or addiction are at high risk for developing a mental illness themselves. Parental mental illness is highly prevalent leading to a serious number of children at high risk. The aim of this review is to give an up-to-date overview of psychopathology in children of parents with various mental illnesses and/or addiction, based on recent literature. RECENT FINDINGS: Worldwide, 15-23% of children live with a parent with a mental illness...
April 22, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439756/psychological-distress-among-methadone-maintenance-patients-in-vietnamese-mountainous-areas
#7
Long Hoang Nguyen, Bach Xuan Tran, Huong Lan Thi Nguyen, Cuong Tat Nguyen, Canh Dinh Hoang, Hai Quan Le, Hung Van Nguyen, Huong Thi Le, Tho Dinh Tran, Carl A Latkin, Thuc Minh Thi Vu
We conducted a cross-sectional study in Tuyen Quang Province, a mountainous province in northern Vietnam, to examine rates of psychological distress among 241 patients receiving methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). Using the Kessler psychological distress Scale, we found that approximately one-fourth (26.8%) of respondents suffered from mental health pathologies. Physical health problems, current drug use, and alcohol abuse were found to be associated with mental health problems among the participants. Our findings highlight the high prevalence of psychological distress among MMT patients in northern Vietnam, and the need to integrate mental and physical health care services, as well as behavioral health counseling, into currently existing MMT clinics in this region...
April 24, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439682/cancer-induced-bone-pain-management-through-buddhist-beliefs
#8
Fung Kei Cheng
Dealing with physical pain represents a huge public health expenditure, especially for cancer-induced bone pain, one of the most difficult health issues, which impairs appetite, sleep, and mobility, negatively impacting quality of life and evoking mental problems. Although some literature has reported positive correlation between religion and pain management, there is a dearth of research examining the effectiveness of Buddhism on this topic. This study investigates the usefulness of Buddhist beliefs in managing cancer-induced bone pain through a case example...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439377/mental-health-services-in-oman-the-need-for-more-cultural-relevance
#9
EDITORIAL
Samir Al-Adawi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439293/socio-demographic-characteristics-clinical-profile-and-prevalence-of-existing-mental-illness-among-suicide-attempters-attending-emergency-services-at-two-hospitals-in-hawassa-city-south-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Moges Ayehu, Tarekegn Solomon, Kinfe Lemma
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major public health problem worldwide. It contributes for more than one million deaths each year. Since previous suicidal attempt was considered as the best predictor of future suicide, identifying factors behind suicidal attempt are helpful to design suicide prevention strategies. The aim of this study was to assess socio-demographic characteristics, clinical profile and prevalence of existing mental illness among patients presenting with suicidal attempt to emergency services of general hospitals in South Ethiopia...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439178/hispanic-residential-isolation-adhd-diagnosis-and-stimulant-treatment-among-medicaid-insured-youth
#11
Dinci Pennap, Mehmet Burcu, Daniel J Safer, Julie M Zito
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate a conceptual framework that assessed the effect of Hispanic residential isolation on Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) health service utilization among 2.2 million publicly insured youth. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Medicaid administrative claims data for ambulatory care services from a US Pacific state linked with US census data. PARTICIPANTS: Youth, aged 2-17 years, continuously enrolled in 2009...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438524/trajectories-of-mental-health-related-service-use-among-adolescents-with-histories-of-early-externalizing-problems
#12
Yuko Okado, Emily Ewing, Christina Rowley, Damon E Jones
PURPOSE: To inform efforts to reduce costly service utilization, the present study examined longitudinal trajectories of mental health-related outpatient and residential service use among at-risk youth with a history of early externalizing problems. METHODS: A cohort of 809 children in the Fast Track Project, a multisite longitudinal study of children at risk for conduct disorder, were followed prospectively from kindergarten through 12th grade. They resided in high-risk areas with high rates of poverty, crime, and violence...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437040/care-planning-and-co-ordination-imperfect-solutions-in-a-complex-world
#13
EDITORIAL
Michael Coffey, Ben Hannigan, Alan Simpson
Care planning and co-ordination are central to the delivery of comprehensive mental health care especially where individuals have complex health and social care needs. Although the terms are often used together they clearly imply different sets of processes, practices and ultimately experiences for individuals using and working in services. Care planning involves professionals (nurses, doctors, social workers and others) and the person needing care collaborating on goals, making shared written records and agreeing when to review progress...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435424/stepped-care-system-architecture-and-mental-health-services-in-australia
#14
David Perkins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2016: International Journal of Integrated Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435418/-you-never-know-what-happens-next-young-adult-service-users-experience-with-mental-health-care-and-treatment-through-one-year
#15
Marian Ådnanes, Sissel Steihaug
Fragmented services are a well-known problem in the mental health sector. Mental health service users' experiences of treatment and care can provide knowledge for developing more user-oriented continuity of care. We followed nine young adults with mental health illnesses and complex needs, conducting four interviews with each informant in the course of a year. The aim was to capture their experiences and views about treatment and care, focusing on (dis)continuities and episodes occurring through that year. The users' experiences were affected by shifts and transitions between institutions, units and practitioners while their need was predictability and stability...
July 22, 2016: International Journal of Integrated Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435416/challenges-in-achieving-collaboration-in-clinical-practice-the-case-of-norwegian-health-care
#16
Sissel Steihaug, Anne-Kari Johannessen, Marian Ådnanes, Bård Paulsen, Russell Mannion
INTRODUCTION: This article summarizes and synthesizes the findings of four separate but inter-linked empirical projects which explored challenges of collaboration in the Norwegian health system from the perspectives of providers and patients. The results of the four projects are summarised in eight articles. METHODS: The eight articles constituted our empirical material. Meta-ethnography was used as a method to integrate, translate, and synthesize the themes and concepts contained in the articles in order to understand how challenges related to collaboration impact on clinical work...
July 18, 2016: International Journal of Integrated Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435341/empowering-patients-of-a-mental-rehabilitation-center-in-a-low-resource-context-a-moroccan-experience-as-a-case-study
#17
Hicham Khabbache, Abdelhak Jebbar, Nadia Rania, Marie-Chantal Doucet, Ali Assad Watfa, Joël Candau, Mariano Martini, Anna Siri, Francesco Brigo, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi
Mental, neurological and substance use (MNS) disorders represent a major source of disability and premature mortality worldwide. However, in developing countries patients with MNS disorders are often poorly managed and treated, particularly in marginalized, impoverished areas where the mental health gap and the treatment gap can reach 90%. Efforts should be made in promoting help by making mental health care more accessible. In this article, we address the challenges that psychological and psychiatric services have to face in a low-resource context, taking our experience at a Moroccan rehabilitation center as a case study...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434253/risky-sexual-behaviors-as-correlates-of-depression-and-suicidal-ideation-among-male-hiv-test-seekers-at-a-voluntary-counseling-and-testing-facility-in-taiwan
#18
Chia-Chun Lin, Yuan-Ti Lee, Hao-Jan Yang
This study aims at determining the level of depression and suicidal status of adult HIV test-seekers. Of the total enrolled 850 males, almost 50% reported some risk behaviors, 38.9% experienced depression, and 7.2% had suicidal ideation. Subjects with risky sexual behaviors in terms of repeated HIV test, had a history of sexually transmitted disease, engaged in one-night stands, or did not use condoms all the time with causal sexual partners were more likely to have depression. Furthermore, subjects who were bisexual/homosexual, engaged in Internet sex, engaged in one-night stands, or used addictive drugs within the past 6 months were more likely to experience suicidal ideation...
April 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431745/mental-health-care-in-athens-are-compulsory-admissions-in-greece-a-one-way-road
#19
Stelios Stylianidis, Lily Evangelia Peppou, Nektarios Drakonakis, Athanasios Douzenis, Aimilia Panagou, Kyriaki Tsikou, Amalia Pantazi, Yannis Rizavas, Benedetto Saraceno
Involuntary hospitalization has long been a contentious issue worldwide. In Greece, the frequency of compulsory admissions is assumed to be alarmingly high; however, no study has systematically investigated this issue. In line with this, the present study aims to estimate the frequency of compulsory admissions in a psychiatric hospital and to explore its underpinnings. All individuals who were admitted to the Psychiatric Hospital of Attica during June-October 2011 were included into the study. Information about their socio-demographic and clinical characteristics as well as their previous contact with mental health services was obtained from interviewing the patient and his/her physician...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431526/recognition-of-depression-by-primary-care-clinicians-in-rural-ethiopia
#20
Abebaw Fekadu, Girmay Medhin, Medhin Selamu, Tedla W Giorgis, Crick Lund, Atalay Alem, Martin Prince, Charlotte Hanlon
BACKGROUND: Depression is a common health condition affecting up to a third of patients attending primary care, where most of the care for people with depression is provided. Adequate recognition of depression is the critical step in the path to effective care, particularly in low income countries. As part of the Programme for Improving Mental healthcare (PRIME), a project supporting the implementation of integrated mental healthcare in primary care, we evaluated the level of recognition of depression by clinicians working in primary care in rural Ethiopia prior to in service training...
April 21, 2017: BMC Family Practice
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