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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933504/mental-health-support-provided-throughout-the-bariatric-surgery-clinical-pathway-in-french-specialized-care-centers-for-obesity
#1
Kristopher Lamore, Sandra S Kaci, Sébastien Czernichow, Marion Bretault, Jean-Luc Bouillot, Anne-Jeanne Naudé, Sandra Gribe-Ouaknine, Claire Carette, Cécile Flahault
OBJECTIVE: Pre-operative psychological assessment is recommended by international guidelines for bariatric surgery candidates. Thereby, service teams caring for bariatric patients should include at least one mental health provider (e.g., a psychologist or psychiatrist). The objective of this study was to evaluate the psychology and psychiatry resources and practices in the 37 specialized obesity centers (CSOs) created by the French Ministry of Health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CSO coordinators were contacted by e-mail to collect general information on the centers (e...
December 8, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933469/telephone-based-mindfulness-therapy-intervention-for-patients-with-chronic-pancreatitis
#2
Vasiliki Irene Aivaliotis, Yvonne Lee, Jasmine Zia, Wahid Wassef, Mark Abramson, Walter Park
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP) have substantially impaired quality of life (QOL) both physically and mentally. Mindfulness therapy is a form of treatment that has been shown to be beneficial in many medical conditions but has not been evaluated in the CP patient population. AIMS: The aims of this study were (1) to test the feasibility and usability of a novel telephone-based mindfulness therapy service for patients with CP and (2) to determine whether there was any effect on CP quality of life...
December 8, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933459/four-reasons-why-assisted-dying-should-not-be-offered-for-depression
#3
Thomas Blikshavn, Tonje Lossius Husum, Morten Magelssen
Recently, several authors have argued that assisted dying may be ethically appropriate when requested by a person who suffers from serious depression unresponsive to treatment. We here present four arguments to the contrary. First, the arguments made by proponents of assisted dying rely on notions of "treatment-resistant depression" that are problematic. Second, an individual patient suffering from depression may not be justified in believing that chances of recovery are minimal. Third, the therapeutic significance of hope must be acknowledged; when mental healthcare opens up the door to admitting hopelessness, there is a danger of a self-fulfilling prophecy...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933148/role-of-peer-support-workers-in-improving-patient-experience-in-tower-hamlets-specialist-addiction-unit
#4
Wiktor Kulik, Amar Shah
The aim of the project was to improve patient experience for people in Tower Hamlets Specialist Addictions Unit in order to increase satisfaction by 25% in 12 months starting in August 2014. The team used the model for improvement as part of ELFT's quality improvement programme to support iterative cycles of testing and learning. This involved support from the Trust's quality improvement team. The theory of change was visualised through a driver diagram. A number of outcomes were measured and plotted over time - patient satisfaction, staff satisfaction, and attendance to peer support groups...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932869/person-centered-dementia-care-current-perspectives
#5
REVIEW
Jill Manthorpe, Kritika Samsi
Person-centered dementia care is widely accepted as a value-based commitment to supporting people with dementia and is a guiding principle in care services. Policy ambitions to put people at the center of their own care are being developed internationally. These may be seen as part of the evolution of person-centered care which has its origins in critical perspectives on practice and social responses to people with dementia. In England, one further development of person-centered care has been personalization - a government policy to extend individuals' choice and control over their social care and, latterly, ways to meet their health care needs...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931783/reduced-p3b-brain-response-during-sustained-visual-attention-is-associated-with-remote-blast-mtbi-and-current-ptsd-in-u-s-military-veterans
#6
Casey S Gilmore, Craig A Marquardt, Seung Suk Kang, Scott R Sponheim
Approximately 275,000 American service members deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan have sustained a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), with 75% of these incidents involving an explosive blast. Combat-related mTBI is frequently associated with comorbid mental health disorders, especially posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Attention problems, including sustained attention, are common cognitive complaints of veterans with TBI and PTSD. The present study sought to examine neural correlates of sustained attention in veterans with blast mTBI and/or current PTSD...
December 5, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931338/health-care-provider-perspectives-on-tuberculosis-care-for-foreign-born-populations-in-new-york-city
#7
J R Zelnick, M R O'Donnell, S D Ahuja, A Chua, J Sullivan Meissner
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) in foreign-born patients is a key determinant of TB epidemiology in low-burden settings. In New York City (NYC), foreign-born TB populations are heterogeneous and face diverse challenges in accessing care. OBJECTIVE: To characterize barriers and facilitators to health care services and identify potential mechanisms to improve TB care for foreign-born patients in NYC. DESIGN: Semi-structured interviews with health care providers identified through the NYC TB registry and snowball sampling...
December 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931252/the-impact-of-advertising-patient-and-public-involvement-on-trial-recruitment-embedded-cluster-randomised-recruitment-trial
#8
Adwoa Hughes-Morley, Mark Hann, Claire Fraser, Oonagh Meade, Karina Lovell, Bridget Young, Chris Roberts, Lindsey Cree, Donna More, Neil O'Leary, Patrick Callaghan, Waquas Waheed, Peter Bower
BACKGROUND: Patient and public involvement in research (PPIR) may improve trial recruitment rates, but it is unclear how. Where trials use PPIR to improve design and conduct, many do not communicate this clearly to potential participants. Better communication of PPIR might encourage patient enrolment, as trials may be perceived as more socially valid, relevant and trustworthy. We aimed to evaluate the impact on recruitment of directly advertising PPIR to potential trial participants. METHODS: This is a cluster trial, embedded within a host trial ('EQUIP') recruiting service users diagnosed with severe mental illness...
December 8, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931210/ontological-security-and-connectivity-provided-by-pets-a-study-in-the-self-management-of-the-everyday-lives-of-people-diagnosed-with-a-long-term-mental-health-condition
#9
Helen Brooks, Kelly Rushton, Sandra Walker, Karina Lovell, Anne Rogers
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence that connecting people to relevant wellbeing-related resources brings therapeutic benefit, there is limited understanding, in the context of mental health recovery, of the potential value and contribution of pet ownership to personal support networks for self-management. This study aimed to explore the role of pets in the support and management activities in the personal networks of people with long-term mental health problems. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews centred on 'ego' network mapping were conducted in two locations (in the North West and in the South of England) with 54 participants with a diagnosis of a long-term mental health problem...
December 9, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930964/differences-in-psychiatric-symptoms-and-barriers-to-mental-health-care-between-volunteer-and-career-firefighters
#10
Ian H Stanley, Joseph W Boffa, Melanie A Hom, Nathan A Kimbrel, Thomas E Joiner
Firefighters are at increased risk for mental health problems. However, little is known about differences in psychiatric symptoms between volunteer and career firefighters. This study aimed to (1) describe differences in psychiatric symptoms and barriers to mental health care between U.S. firefighters in volunteer-only and career-only departments; and (2) determine if greater self-reported structural barriers to mental health care (e.g., cost, availability of resources) explain the differences in psychiatric symptom levels...
November 28, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929700/the-mediating-effects-of-coping-strategies-on-the-relationship-between-secondary-traumatic-stress-and-burnout-in-professional-caregivers-in-the-uae
#11
Abdalla A R M Hamid, Saif A Musa
BACKGROUND: Professional caregivers dealing with traumatized victims or mental health clients are at increased risk for developing the same symptoms as persons who are exposed directly to the trauma. AIMS: This research was aimed at examining the relationship between secondary traumatic stress, burnout and coping strategies in 502 professional caregivers who work in schools, hospitals, charity institutes and welfare centers in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). A further aim was to test the mediating effect of coping on the relationship between burnout and secondary traumatic stress...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929403/regional-correlates-of-psychiatric-inpatient-treatment
#12
Taina Ala-Nikkola, Sami Pirkola, Minna Kaila, Samuli I Saarni, Grigori Joffe, Raija Kontio, Olli Oranta, Minna Sadeniemi, Kristian Wahlbeck
Current reforms of mental health and substance abuse services (MHS) emphasize community-based care and the downsizing of psychiatric hospitals. Reductions in acute and semi-acute hospital beds are achieved through shortened stays or by avoiding hospitalization. Understanding the factors that drive the current inpatient treatment provision is essential. We investigated how the MHS service structure (diversity of services and balance of personnel resources) and indicators of service need (mental health index, education, single household, and alcohol sales) correlated with acute and semi-acute inpatient treatment provision...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927268/relationship-between-long-term-flooding-and-serious-mental-illness-after-the-2011-flood-in-thailand
#13
Takeshi Yoda, Katsunori Yokoyama, Hiromi Suzuki, Tomohiro Hirao
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to evaluate the long-term psychological effects of the 2011 flood in Thailand on flood victims and unaffected residents, taking into account risk factors such as floodwater levels in the house, period of flooding, and disruption to essential services. METHODS: Surveys were conducted in Salaya and Nakhon Chaisri subdistrict, Nakhonpatom Province, from May to June 2012. Approximately 400 households were selected. Measures of sociodemographic variables, exposure to flooding, incidents (eg, disruption of services), and outcome variables (Kessler 10) were recorded...
December 8, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927259/association-between-recognition-and-help-seeking-preferences-and-stigma-towards-people-with-mental-illness
#14
L Picco, E Abdin, S Pang, J A Vaingankar, A Jeyagurunathan, S A Chong, M Subramaniam
AIMS: The ability to recognise a mental illness has important implications as it can aid in timely and appropriate help-seeking, and ultimately improve outcomes for people with mental illness. This study aims to explore the association between recognition and help-seeking preferences and stigmatising attitudes, for alcohol abuse, dementia, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and schizophrenia, using a vignette-based approach. METHODS: This was a population-based, cross-sectional survey conducted among Singapore Residents (n = 3006) aged 18-65 years...
December 8, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927174/a-controlled-trial-of-implementing-a-complex-mental-health-intervention-for-carers-of-vulnerable-young-people-living-in-out-of-home-care-the-ripple-project
#15
Helen Herrman, Cathy Humphreys, Stephen Halperin, Katherine Monson, Carol Harvey, Cathrine Mihalopoulos, Susan Cotton, Penelope Mitchell, Tony Glynn, Anne Magnus, Lenice Murray, Josef Szwarc, Elise Davis, Sophie Havighurst, Patrick McGorry, Sam Tyano, Ida Kaplan, Simon Rice, Kristen Moeller-Saxone
BACKGROUND: Out-of-home care (OoHC) refers to young people removed from their families by the state because of abuse, neglect or other adversities. Many of the young people experience poor mental health and social function before, during and after leaving care. Rigorously evaluated interventions are urgently required. This publication describes the protocol for the Ripple project and notes early findings from a controlled trial demonstrating the feasibility of the work. The Ripple project is implementing and evaluating a complex mental health intervention that aims to strengthen the therapeutic capacities of carers and case managers of young people (12-17 years) in OoHC...
December 7, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925776/providers-and-administrators-perceptions-of-complementary-and-integrative-health-practices-across-the-veterans-health-administration
#16
Carol E Fletcher, Allison R Mitchinson, Erika Trumble, Daniel B Hinshaw, Jeffery A Dusek
OBJECTIVES: Use of complementary and integrative health (CIH) therapies is being promoted by the Veterans Health Administration (VA), but promotion may not equate to adoption. The purpose of this study was to explore whether perceptions regarding CIH at one VA medical center (VAMC) were similar to perceptions from a sample of other VAMCs. DESIGN: This article reports a subset of qualitative findings from a mixed-methods study. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Sites were recruited through a VA-wide CIH listserver...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925356/development-and-testing-of-a-screener-for-intelligence-and-learning-disabilities-scil
#17
Henk Nijman, Hendrien Kaal, Lesley van Scheppingen, Xavier Moonen
BACKGROUND: Many clients in contact with social services and (mental) health care have mild to borderline intellectual disabilities (MBID). Yet, administering a full intelligence test may not be feasible. METHOD: In 318 adults and 305 juveniles, the scores on 14 questions that comprise the screener for intelligence and learning disabilities (SCIL) were analysed in relation to the IQs of the participants. RESULTS: The SCIL score had good predictive validity for detecting MBID in adults (AUC = 0...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924145/demographic-characteristics-associated-with-pregnant-and-postpartum-youth-referred-for-mental-health-services-in-a-community-outreach-center
#18
Sandhaya Norris, Mark L Norris, Emily Sibbald, Tim Aubry, Megan E Harrison, Genevieve Lafontaine, Jasmine Gandhi
OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy in youth is considered high risk from a number of different standpoints. At present, limited data has explored demographic factors associated with Canadian cohorts of pregnant and postpartum youth seeking mental health services. We aimed to describe demographic characteristics associated with pregnant and postpartum youth and young adults referred for mental health services in the community and to compare this with data drawn from a hospital-based perinatal mental health clinic...
2016: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924143/-live-chat-clients-at-kids-help-phone-individual-characteristics-and-problem-topics
#19
Dilys Haner, Debra Pepler
OBJECTIVE: Young people in Canada prefer to use the Internet over face-to-face contact when seeking help for problems of daily living and mental health problems. Kids Help Phone (KHP) provides on-demand, anonymous help to young people via telephone and Live Chat technologies. METHODS: Two hundred thirty-two phone clients and 230 Live Chat clients responded to a questionnaire at this otherwise anonymous service, providing previously inaccessible data about their individual characteristics and characterizations of the problems for which they sought help...
2016: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922946/patient-reported-outcome-measurement-for-patients-with-total-knee-arthroplasty
#20
Stephen Lyman, Kaitlyn L Yin
Total knee arthroplasty is a large contributor to Medicare costs. In an effort to lower costs and improve outcomes, the Centers for Medicaid and Medicare Services has implemented the Comprehensive Care for Joint Replacement model, which incentivizes surgeons to submit both general health and joint-specific patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs). However, in addition to using PROMs for reporting purposes, surgeons should also consider incorporating PROMs into clinical practice. Currently, PROMs are not widely implemented in the clinical setting despite their value in measuring factors such as patients' expectations and mental state, which impact outcomes...
December 5, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
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