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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778018/phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-anti-depressant-medicinal-plants-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Jeanette Martins, Brijesh S
Stress renders an individual to experience mental pressure and exhaustion which brings about feelings of anxiety, depression, anger and/or other negative emotions. Depression affects a person's state of mind, behaviour, health and is often associated with suicide. The use of anti-depressant drugs as therapeutic agents is associated with symptoms such as, delayed onset of action, side-effects, drug-drug and dietary interactions, sexual dysfunction, cardiac toxicity, etc. Thus, there is need to target these issues and improve current treatment options...
May 16, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763271/adults-with-developmental-disabilities-a-comprehensive-approach-to-medical-care
#2
Clarissa Kripke
Developmental disabilities are attributable to a cognitive impairment, physical impairment, or both. They manifest during the developmental period from birth to early adulthood, and are likely to continue indefinitely. The life expectancy of most persons with developmental disabilities now approaches that of the general population. According to the neurodiversity model of care, developmental disability is accepted as a valued part of human neurologic diversity. The social model focuses on improving participation in society with accommodations such as adaptive equipment or improvements to the social and physical environment...
May 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756069/implementation-of-depression-and-anxiety-screening-in-patients-undergoing-radiotherapy
#3
Adam L Holtzman, Deidre B Pereira, Anamaria R Yeung
Anxiety and depression are disabling, underdiagnosed issues that affect the management of oncology patients. Until recently, there has been no standard protocol for screening and treating these ailments at our cancer centre. The purpose of this institutional review board-approved study was to analyse the implementation of a screening tool in our clinical workflow with the aim of screening over 90% of patients and increasing referrals to mental health services by 50%.
2018: BMJ Open Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728913/creating-culturally-competent-and-responsive-mental-health-services-a-case-study-among-the-amish-population-of-geauga-county-ohio
#4
Sarah C Miller-Fellows, Jim Adams, Jill E Korbin, Lawrence P Greksa
Providing effective mental health services requires knowledge about and cultural competence across a wide array of beliefs and practices. This study provides an example of a successful project to improve public mental health service delivery in an Amish community. County boards of mental health in a rural area of Northeast Ohio contacted researchers in 1998 to provide assistance in reaching the Amish community because of a concern that mental health services were not being utilized by the Amish population. Following meetings with community leaders, changes were made to improve the relationships of service providers and public funding agencies with the local Amish community, disseminate information about mental health concerns and services, and improve accessibility to mental health services...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683791/is-clinical-assessment-of-addiction-severity-of-individuals-with-substance-use-disorder-using-the-addiction-severity-index-a-predictor-of-future-inpatient-mental-health-hospitalization-a-nine-year-registry-study
#5
Mojgan Padyab, Bengt-Åke Armelius, Kerstin Armelius, Siv Nyström, Björn Blom, Ann-Sofie Grönlund, Lena Lundgren
OBJECTIVE: In Sweden, the Addiction Severity Index (ASI) is the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare's recommended substance use disorder (SUD) assessment tool and used routinely for patient intakes. Our study of 213 individuals assessed for SUD with the ASI, used nine years of the National Patient Register, and examined if clinical social workers' assessments of addiction severity at baseline were associated with later hospitalizations for mental health disorder (MHD). METHODS: ASI Composite Scores (CS) and Interviewer severity rating were used to measure client's problems in seven areas (mental health, family and social relationships, alcohol, drug use, health and legal) at baseline...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618266/suicide-rates-in-evacuation-areas-after-the-fukushima-daiichi-nuclear-disaster
#6
Masatsugu Orui, Yuriko Suzuki, Masaharu Maeda, Seiji Yasumura
BACKGROUND: Associations between nuclear disasters and suicide have been examined to a limited extent. AIM: To clarify the suicide rates in evacuation areas after the nuclear disaster in Fukushima, which occurred in March 2011. METHOD: This descriptive study used monthly data from vital statistics between March 2009 and December 2015. Suicide rates in areas to which evacuation orders had been issued, requiring across-the-board, compulsory evacuation of residents from the entire or part of municipalities, were obtained and compared with the national average...
April 5, 2018: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606330/characterization-of-disability-following-traumatic-through-knee-and-transfemoral-amputations
#7
David J Tennent, Elizabeth M Polfer, Nicole M Sgromolo, Chad A Krueger, Benjamin K Potter
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to characterize through knee and transfemoral amputations following severe traumatic injuries. METHODS: A retrospective review of all transfemoral and through knee amputations sustained by United States military service members from 1 October 2001 to 30 July 2011 was conducted. Data from the Department of Defense Trauma Registry, the Armed Forces Health Longitudinal Technology Application, inpatient medical records and the Physical Evaluation Board Liaison Offices were queried in order to obtain characteristics related to injury sustained, demographics, treatment, and disability/mental health outcome data...
March 27, 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590428/personality-factors-and-their-impact-on-ptsd-and-post-traumatic-growth-is-mediated-by-coping-style-among-oif-oef-veterans
#8
Elsa Mattson, Lisa James, Brian Engdahl
Introduction: Traumatic experiences can trigger negative effects such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, some individuals may also experience positive changes following trauma exposure. These changes are known as post-traumatic growth (PTG). Dispositional and situational factors are likely at play in determining both severity of PTSD symptoms and whether and to what degree an individual experiences PTG. This study examined how coping style and personality traits interact to influence PTSD and PTG...
March 26, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589821/the-2017-diabetes-educator-and-the-diabetes-self-management-education-national-practice-survey
#9
Joanne Rinker, Jane K Dickinson, Michelle L Litchman, Ann S Williams, Leslie E Kolb, Carla Cox, Ruth D Lipman
Purpose The American Association of Diabetes Educators conducts the National Practice Survey (NPS) biennially to document current practice in diabetes education in the United States. The purpose of the study is to obtain insight about factors influencing the work of the diabetes educator. Method The 2017 NPS was comprised of 100 questions covering diabetes educator demographics, profile populations of people with diabetes, practice information, program accreditation, program curriculum, staffing, education delivery methods, data collection, and reporting...
March 1, 2018: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566696/how-do-nhs-organisations-plan-research-capacity-development-strategies-strengths-and-opportunities-for-improvement
#10
Melanie Gee, Jo Cooke
Research that is integral into a 'learning healthcare system' can promote cost effective services and knowledge creation. As such, research is defined as a 'core function' in UK health service organisations, and is often planned through research and development (R&D) strategies that aim to promote research activity and research capacity development (RCD). The discussion focuses around the content of ten R&D strategies for healthcare organisations in England and Scotland, with respect to RCD. These organisations were engaged with a research interest network called ACORN (Addressing Organisational Capacity to do Research Network) that included two Scottish Health Boards, four community and mental health trusts, two provincial district hospitals, and two teaching hospitals...
March 22, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558830/naturopathic-oncology-care-for-thoracic-cancers-a-practice-survey
#11
Dugald Seely, Julie K Ennis, Ellen McDonell, Linlu Zhao
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is a lack of information on therapies recommended by naturopathic doctors (NDs) for lung and gastroesophageal cancer care. Study objectives were to: (1) identify the most common interventions considered for use by NDs; (2) identify interventions NDs recommend to support key therapeutic goals; and (3) identify potential contraindications between integrative and conventional therapies. METHODS: Oncology Association of Naturopathic Physicians (OncANP) members (n = 351) were invited to complete an electronic survey...
March 1, 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553441/depression-in-patients-treated-with-haemodialysis-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Samah W Al-Jabi, Ansam Sous, Fatimah Jorf, Mahmoud Taqatqa, Mahdi Allan, Lamees Sawalha, Enas Lubadeh, Sa'ed H Zyoud, Waleed M Sweileh
BACKGROUND: The increasing incidence of end-stage renal disease in the Palestinian population and the effect of the disease on the psychological status of the patient underlie the importance of increasing knowledge about the mental health status of patients with end-stage renal disease. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of depression in Palestinian patients treated with haemodialysis and its correlation with patients' clinical characteristics, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and adherence to medications...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550783/study-protocol-for-vitality-a-proof-of-concept-randomised-controlled-trial-of-exercise-training-or-complex-mental-and-social-activities-to-promote-cognition-in-adults-with-chronic-stroke
#13
John R Best, Janice J Eng, Jennifer C Davis, Robin Hsiung, Peter A Hall, Laura E Middleton, Peter Graf, Charles H Goldsmith, Teresa Liu-Ambrose
INTRODUCTION: Cerebrovascular disease-such as stroke-is the second most common cause of dementia (ie, vascular dementia). Specifically, a stroke increases one's risk for dementia by a factor of two. Thus, stroke survivors represent a target population in need of intervention strategies to promote cognitive function and prevent dementia. The current standard of care in stroke rehabilitation does not adequately address the significant cognitive consequences of stroke, especially for those who are in the chronic phase (ie, >12 months since an index stroke)...
March 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547946/prevalence-of-pain-diagnoses-and-burden-of-pain-among-active-duty-soldiers-fy2012
#14
Sharon Reif, Rachel Sayko Adams, Grant A Ritter, Thomas V Williams, Mary Jo Larson
Introduction: Soldiers are at risk for acute and chronic pain due to the mental and physical challenges of military duties and ongoing training for force readiness. With the burden of pain on any individual attributable across pain sources, a broad perspective that goes beyond prior characterizations of pain is important. We aim to further the understanding of pain's effects among non-deployed active duty soldiers and the Military Health System (MHS), by describing prevalence of 10 painful conditions, reported pain levels, duration of pain and impact of pain on military duty limitations...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547934/developing-a-measure-to-assess-emotions-associated-with-never-being-deployed
#15
Rachel A Hoopsick, D Lynn Homish, Paul T Bartone, Gregory G Homish
Background: Much research has focused on stress related to deployments; however, a substantial proportion of soldiers never deploy. In a study of 1.3 million veterans, suicide risk was higher among veterans who had never deployed. Thus, not being deployed may have an impact on soldiers' well-being; however, no measures exist to assess emotions regarding non-deployment. We aimed to develop and test an original measure of non-deployment emotions. Methods: We examined the Non-Deployment Emotions (NDE) questionnaire, a novel four-item measure of guilt, unit value, unit camaraderie, and unit connectedness in a sample of never-deployed male and female US Army Reserve/National Guard (USAR/NG) soldiers (N = 174)...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525480/safety-of-reassessment-and-release-practice-for-mental-health-patients-boarded-in-the-emergency-department
#16
Sangil Lee, Karisa K Harland, Morgan Bobb Swanson, Sara Lawson, Elijah Dahlstrom, Lance Clemson, Elaine Himadi
OBJECTIVES: Among emergency department (ED) mental health and substance abuse (MHSA) patients, we sought to compare mortality and healthcare utilization by ED discharge disposition and inpatient bed request status. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of 492 patients was conducted at a single University ED. We reviewed three groups of MHSA patients including ED patients that were admitted, ED patients with a bed request that were discharged from the ED, and ED patients with no bed request that were discharged from the ED...
February 27, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509185/beyond-social-media-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-other-internet-and-mobile-phone-applications-in-a-community-psychiatry-population
#17
Michelle Colder Carras, Ramin Mojtabai, Bernadette Cullen
OBJECTIVE: Popular media applications have been shown to benefit people with severe mental illness by facilitating communication and social support, helping patients cope with or manage symptoms, and providing a way to monitor or predict mental health states. Although many studies of technology use by individuals with severe mental illness have focused primarily on use of social media, this study provides additional information about use of Internet applications such as blogs, wikis (websites that allow collaborative editing of content and structure by users), video games, and Skype by a community psychiatry population...
March 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494940/mental-health-nurses-views-and-experiences-of-working-with-undergraduate-nursing-students-a-descriptive-exploratory-study
#18
Mel Lienert-Brown, Peta Taylor, John Withington, Evelyn Lefebvre
BACKGROUND: The core of pre-registration nursing education is the learning that takes place during the clinical placement. However, despite the fact that registered nurse preceptors are key players in supporting students during their placements there is a lack of literature examining the views of preceptors working with nursing students in mental health settings. OBJECTIVES: To explore mental health nurses' views and experiences of working with undergraduate nursing students and determine what factors influence this experience...
May 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474503/tree-cover-and-species-composition-effects-on-academic-performance-of-primary-school-students
#19
Sivajanani Sivarajah, Sandy M Smith, Sean C Thomas
Human exposure to green space and vegetation is widely recognized to result in physical and mental health benefits; however, to date, the specific effects of tree cover, diversity, and species composition on student academic performance have not been investigated. We compiled standardized performance scores in Grades 3 and 6 for the collective student body in 387 schools across the Toronto District School Board (TDSB), and examined variation in relation to tree cover, tree diversity, and tree species composition based on comprehensive inventories of trees on school properties combined with aerial-photo-based assessments of tree cover...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472262/a-prospective-cohort-study-to-investigate-parental-stress-and-child-health-in-low-income-chinese-families-protocol-paper
#20
Rosa Sze Man Wong, Esther Yee Tak Yu, Vivian Yawei Guo, Eric Yuk-Fai Wan, Weng-Yee Chin, Carlos King Ho Wong, Colman Siu Cheung Fung, Keith Tsz Suen Tung, Wilfred Hing-Sang Wong, Patrick Ip, Agnes Fung Yee Tiwari, Cindy Lo Kuen Lam
INTRODUCTION: Chronic stress has adverse effects on health. Adults and children from low-income families are subject to multiple sources of stress. Existing literature about economic hardship mostly focuses on either adults or children but not both. Moreover, there is limited knowledge on the relationship between parental generalised stress and child health problems. This study aims to explore the bidirectional relationship between parental stress and child health in Chinese low-income families and to identify other modifiable factors influencing this relationship...
February 22, 2018: BMJ Open
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