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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913737/postinfarction-ventricular-septal-rupture-closure-without-ventriculotomy
#1
Dai Kawashima, Satoru Maeba, Masahiro Saito, Minoru Ono
Postinfarction ventricular septal rupture is a life-threatening complication of acute myocardial infarction. Although some novel techniques of ventricular septal rupture closure have been introduced, they involve ventriculotomy, a procedure that can cause a degree of impairment of the incised ventricle. We describe a case in which we closed a ventricular septal rupture through the tricuspid valve, without ventriculotomy.
December 2, 2016: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909280/-cardiac-failure-developing-eleven-years-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-report-of-a-case
#2
Shingo Taguchi, Takashi Hachiya, Katsuhisa Onoguchi, Makoto Hanai, Makoto Sumi, Masataka Yamazaki, Masahito Yamashiro
We report a rare case of cardiac failure for intrapericardial hematoma 11 years after coronary artery bypass grafting. A 59-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with cardiac tamponade. Echocardiography and computed tomography scan showed severe compression of the left ventricle(LV) by a large mass sized about 5×8 cm. Coronary angiography showed total occlusion at circumflex branch (Cx) #11. The mass was diagnosed with intrapericardial hematoma. We performed removal of hematoma in the pericardial cavity, and removed hematoma had 126 g...
December 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885218/unusual-case-of-rupture-of-right-sinus-of-valsalva-aneurysm-into-the-left-ventricle
#3
Kiyoshi Masuyama, Hitoshi Nakamura, Naotaka Okamoto, Akihiro Tanaka, Naoki Mori, Daisuke Nakamura, Masamichi Yano, Nobuhiko Makino, Yasuyuki Egami, Ryu Shutta, Jun Tanouchi, Masami Nishino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867587/acute-chest-pain-in-a-triathlete-rupture-of-the-noncoronary-sinus-of-valsalva-into-the-right-ventricle
#4
Ernan Zhu, Ralf Westenfeld, Mareike Gastl, Florian Bönner, Alexander Assmann, Amir M Nia, Malte Kelm, Christian Jung
Sinus of Valsalva (SoV) aneurysm is a rare cardiac disease which can be congenital or acquired. A ruptured SoV aneurysm presents a clinical emergency and can lead to progressively deteriorating heart failure. Therefore, appropriate treatment requires prompt and accurate diagnosis. Most ruptured or nonruptured SoV aneurysms are diagnosed by the means of echocardiography. However, cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) can provide information on precise anatomy and mechanisms due to its excellent soft tissue contrast and high resolution, and thereby allows for optimized preoperative planning of the repair strategy...
October 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825904/ruptured-massa-intermedia-secondary-to-hydrocephalus-a-case-report
#5
Ahmed El Damaty, Soenke Langner, Henry W S Schroeder
BACKGROUND: We would like to report a case of ruptured massa intermedia (MI) as a sequela of hydrocephalus. CASE DESCRIPTION: A single case report describing the sequelae of tumor bed hematoma after a posterior fossa hemangioblastoma resection where the patient bled three days after surgery resulting in secondary hydrocephalus and subsequently dilatation of the third ventricle which resulted in rupture of the MI. The patient was managed on emergency basis with an external ventricular drain then endoscopically with a third ventriculostomy and clot extraction...
November 4, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783422/thoracic-aortic-rupture-in-horses
#6
REVIEW
M Ploeg, V Saey, G van Loon, C Delesalle
The aorta can rupture at the aortic root or aortic arch. In most breeds, the aortic root is the likely site and rupture leads to aortocardiac fistula with communication between the aorta and the right atrium, right ventricle and/or the interventricular septum. There is a high prevalence of aortic rupture in young Friesian horses and rupture occurs at the aortic arch with pseudoaneurysm and potentially aortopulmonary fistulation. Echocardiographic and post-mortem techniques must be adapted to identify aortic arch rupture which is not generally identified with standard approaches...
October 26, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751260/bicuspid-aortic-valve-with-severe-stenosis-and-ruptured-sinus-of-valsalva-aneurysm-to-left-ventricle
#7
Deepak Ameta, Rajiv Bharat Kharwar, Pallavi Aga, Rishi Sethi, Sharad Chandra, Sudhanshu Kumar Dwivedi, Varun Shankar Narain, Ram Kirti Saran
Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is a common congenital cardiac anomaly, and rarely, it is associated with sinus of Valsalva aneurysms (SOVAs). And very infrequently, these SOVAs rupture into left side of heart. We hereby report a case of 12-year-old male with BAV with severe aortic stenosis with a large SOVA that ruptured into the left side of the heart. The anatomy was delineated with multimodality imaging; initially with two-dimensional trans-thoracic echocardiography (TTE), and later on with three-dimensional TTE and with multi detector computed tomography...
September 2016: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744466/posterior-fossa-ruptured-dermoid-cyst-presenting-with-hydrocephalus
#8
Abrar A Wani, Uday S Raswan, Nayil K Malik, Altaf U Ramzan
Dermoid cysts are rare, benign lesions of embryological origin that represent 0.1-0.7% of all intracranial tumors. They are mainly located in the supra tentorial space, especially in the parasellar region. Their location in the posterior fossa remains uncommon. Rupture of intracranial dermoid cysts is a rare phenomenon. We present a case of dermoid cyst, which had ruptured into ventricular system. Computed Tomography and MRI revealed fat in the fourth ventricle, prepontine cistern, and cerebellomedullary cistern...
October 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738471/surgical-strategy-for-thoracic-aortic-pseudoaneurysm-with-sternal-adherence
#9
Yu Inaba, Tsutomu Ito, Sachiko Hayashi, Yasunori Iida, Takahiko Misumi, Hideyuki Shimizu
A thoracic aortic pseudoaneurysm is a life-threatening complication following thoracic aortic surgery. We describe a surgical strategy for this pseudoaneurysm with a high risk for rupture during median sternotomy. The pseudoaneurysm was distended and widely adherent to the posterior sternum. Elective cardiopulmonary bypass and moderate hypothermia were established, and sternotomy was performed without left ventricle distention or brain ischemia. Total arch replacement was successful and the patient was discharged on post operative day (POD) 18...
2016: Annals of Vascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703406/autopsy-imaging-for-cardiac-tamponade-in-a-thoroughbred-foal
#10
Kazutaka Yamada, Fumio Sato, Noriyuki Horiuchi, Tohru Higuchi, Yoshiyasu Kobayashi, Naoki Sasaki, Yasuo Nambo
Autopsy imaging (Ai), postmortem imaging before necropsy, is used in human forensic medicine. Ai was performed using computed tomography (CT) for a 1-month-old Thoroughbred foal cadaver found in a pasture. CT revealed pericardial effusion, collapse of the aorta, bleeding in the lung lobe, gas in the ventricles and liver parenchyma, and distension of the digestive tract. Rupture in the left auricle was confirmed by necropsy; however, it was not depicted on CT. Therefore, Ai and conventional necropsy are considered to complement each other...
2016: Journal of Equine Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668913/interventricular-septal-pseudoaneurysm-after-blunt-chest-trauma-in-a-6-year-old-an-illustrative-case-and-review
#11
Natalie Behrle, Peter Dyke, Abdallah Dalabih
Motor vehicle accident is the most common cause of blunt cardiac injury (BCI) in children (85.3%) due to the height of the child in relation to proper restraints and the compliant pediatric rib cage (J Trauma. 1996;40:200-202). Trauma to the chest wall may lead to injury of the myocardium, resulting in myocardial contusion, ventricular septal defect (VSD), ventricular free wall rupture, or valve compromise (J Trauma. 1996;40; 200-202; Heart Lung. 2012;41:200-202; J Inj Violence Res. 2012;4:98-100). There are several proposed mechanisms for the formation of VSD after blunt chest trauma including rupture of ischemic myocardium related to the initial trauma and reopening of a spontaneously closed congenital VSD...
September 23, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649003/subarachnoid-hemorrhage-and-extrapyramidal-symptoms-a-case-report
#12
Patrizia Mammi, Rodolfo Brianti, Laura Galuppo, Paolo Caffarra
INTRODUCTION: Parkinsonism may occur after brain lesions such as subarachnoid hemorrhage (1), hydrocephalus (2,3), slit ventricle (4), or shunt revision (5).Until now, pathogenesis remains unclear. METHOD: Case Report. RESULTS: We described the case of a 53 years Caucasian male with subarachnoid hemorrhage after anterior communicating artery aneurysm rupture, with subsequent complications and early development of bilateral extrapiramidal symptoms...
2016: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553347/left-ventricle-rupture-during-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#13
Santiago Jesús Camacho Freire, Javier León Jiménez, Rosa Cardenal Piris, José Francisco Díaz Fernández
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515331/bioabsorbable-intracoronary-matrix-for-prevention-of-ventricular-remodeling-after-myocardial-infarction
#14
Sunil V Rao, Uwe Zeymer, Pamela S Douglas, Hussein Al-Khalidi, Jennifer A White, Jingyu Liu, Howard Levy, Victor Guetta, C Michael Gibson, Jean-Francois Tanguay, Paul Vermeersch, Jérôme Roncalli, Jaroslaw D Kasprzak, Timothy D Henry, Norbert Frey, Oscar Kracoff, Jay H Traverse, Derek P Chew, Jose Lopez-Sendon, Reinilde Heyrman, Mitchell W Krucoff
BACKGROUND: Bioabsorbable cardiac matrix (BCM) is a novel device that attenuates adverse left ventricular (LV) remodeling after large myocardial infarctions in experimental models. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to analyze whether BCM, compared with saline control, would result in less LV dilation and fewer adverse clinical events between baseline and 6 months. METHODS: In an international, randomized, double-blind, controlled trial, 303 subjects with large areas of infarction despite successful primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) were randomized 2:1 to BCM or saline injected into the infarct-related artery 2 to 5 days after primary PCI...
August 16, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504379/cardiac-pseudoaneurysm-a-death-defying-entity
#15
Manoj Mathur, Saryu Gupta
A pseudoaneurysm refers to a contained rupture of the myocardium with a tenuous pericardium walling off the leak. It needs to be differentiated from a true aneurysm by the fact that there is lack of myocardial tissue in the wall of a pseudoaneurysm. The differentiation between the two is pertinent as true aneurysms can be treated medically while pseudoaneurysms require urgent surgical treatment. Untreated pseudoaneurysms carry a high risk of rupture and mortality. We report a case of cardiac pseudoaneurysm developing in a 46-year-old male who had suffered myocardial infarction four months back...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490680/a-new-hybrid-sutureless-patch-repair-utilizing-chitosan-for-left-ventricle-rupture-after-myocardial-infarction-a-case-report
#16
Yoshihisa Morimoto, Takaki Sugimoto, Fumiya Haba, Hideki Sakahira
INTRODUCTION: There are many publications reporting the use of TachoSil sheets for sutureless repair. Trauma doctors have recently reported that chitosan-based sheets can efficiently achieve hemostasis for active bleeding. PRESENTATION OF CASE: An 85-year-old man was diagnosed with left ventricle free wall rupture that caused cardiac tamponade and cardiogenic shock. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenator (ECMO) was started immediately and surgical repair was planned...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484704/blunt-traumatic-rupture-of-the-right-ventricle-visualization-of-spurting-blood-using-transthoracic-echocardiography
#17
Mai Shimbo, Hiroyuki Watanabe, Kumiko Watanabe, Genbu Yamaura, Hiroshi Ito
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471365/a-case-of-metanephric-adenoma-and-acute-myocardial-infarction
#18
Ruzicic Dusan, Kovacevic Relja, Mirkovic Marija, Radovanovic Jelena, Krstevska Vesna, Terzic Milijana, Pantelic Vladimir, Matic Irena, Hrncic Dragan
Metanephric adenoma (MA) is a rare neoplasm that acounts for 0.2% of adult renal neoplasms. MAs are typically discover incidentally during detailed examinations for nonspecific symptoms such as abdominal or flank pain, hematuria, fever and palpable abdominal mass. Additionally, polycythemia has occasionally been reported as well. Herein we describe a case of metanephric adenoma which was an incidental finding in the course of a clinical autopsy in a patient with complete AV block and polycythemia. Histologically, the tumor was composed of small and uniform tubular structures reminiscent of renal tubuli, without signs of cellular atypia and pleomorphism...
July 2016: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27449439/successful-operative-repair-of-delayed-left-ventricle-rupture-from-blunt-trauma
#19
Christina L Greene, Jack H Boyd
A 21-year-old female was found to have an enlarging pericardial effusion 10 days after a 40-foot fall. Initial cardiac evaluation was negative. Ten days after presentation she developed hemodynamic compromise and chest computed tomography was concerning for cardiac rupture. The patient was taken to the operating room where the ruptured posterior ventricle was repaired, perforation in the P1 leaflet was identified and the mitral valve was replaced. The patient survived. To our knowledge, this is the first report of survival after delayed presentation of atrioventricular rupture at the level of the mitral valve...
August 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27411689/syndecans-in-heart-fibrosis
#20
REVIEW
Ida G Lunde, Kate M Herum, Cathrine C Carlson, Geir Christensen
Heart disease is a deadly syndrome affecting millions worldwide. It reflects an unmet clinical need, and the disease mechanisms are poorly understood. Cardiac fibrosis is central to heart disease. The four-membered family of transmembrane proteoglycans, syndecan-1 to -4, is believed to regulate fibrosis. We review the current literature concerning syndecans in cardiac fibrosis. Syndecan expression is up-regulated in response to pro-inflammatory stimuli in various forms of heart disease with fibrosis. Mice lacking syndecan-1 and -4 show reduced activation of pro-fibrotic signaling and increased cardiac rupture upon infarction indicating an important role for these molecules...
September 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
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