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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805487/state-of-the-art-nanopathological-diagnostics
#1
Luca Roncati, Giuseppe Barbolini
The nanopathological diagnostics (ND) is an ultra-specialized branch of pathological anatomy aimed to identify the nanoparticles of metallic, semimetallic, or nonmetallic elements in the inorganic particulate matter present inside pathological tissues, even on the nanometer scale. ND exploits an environmental scanning electron microscope, connected to an X-ray microprobe mounted on an energy-dispersive spectrometer. The searching of nanoparticles can be performed on paraffin-embedded material, omitting emissions of black overlay and plating procedures...
August 14, 2017: Ultrastructural Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794637/the-role-of-mediastinoscopy-in-the-diagnosis-of-non-lung-cancer-diseases
#2
Serdar Onat, Gungor Ates, Alper Avcı, Tekin Yıldız, Ali Birak, Cihan Akgul Ozmen, Refik Ulku
BACKGROUND: Mediastinoscopy is a good method to evaluate mediastinal lesions. We sought to determine the current role of mediastinoscopy in the investigation of non-lung cancer patients with mediastinal lymphadenopathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed clinical parameters (age, gender, histological diagnosis, morbidity, mortality) of all patients without lung cancer who consecutively underwent mediastinoscopy in Hospital of Faculty of Medicine of Dicle University between June 2003 and December 2016...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667653/occurrence-of-bronchial-anthracofibrosis-in-respiratory-symptomatics-with-exposure-to-biomass-fuel-smoke
#3
Vikas Pilaniya, Shekhar Kunal, Ashok Shah
INTRODUCTION: Bronchial anthracofibrosis (BAF), confirmed bronchoscopically, is characterised by bluish-black mucosal pigmentation and distortion/narrowing of the bronchus. We investigated the occurrence of BAF in respiratory symptomatics with biomass fuel smoke exposure and evaluated its clinico-radiological attributes and impact on functional status. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Of the eighty subjects evaluated, 60 consented for fiberoptic bronchoscopy (FOB). All 60 subjects also underwent chest radiography, high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) of the thorax, complete pulmonary function testing including diffusion capacity and six-minute-walk test...
2017: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621243/retrospective-evaluation-of-patients-with-organizing-pneumonia-is-cryptogenic-organizing-pneumonia-different-from-secondary-organizing-pneumonia
#4
Saliha Yılmaz, Berna Akıncı Özyürek, Yurdanur Erdoğan, Burcu Cirit Koçer, Funda Demirağ, Yeliz Dadalı, Sertaç Büyükyaylacı Özden
Introduction: Organizing pneumonia (OP) is an uncommon clinic opathological situation among lung diseases. If no underlying cause can be detected, it is named as cryptogenic OP (COP). In this study, the etiologic and clinical characteristics of patients diagnosed as OP in our hospital in the last ten years were evaluated retrospectively. It was also aimed to make a comparison between COP and secondary OP patients. Materials and Methods: One hundred sixty-five patients diagnosed as OP pathologically in the 10 year period from August 2003 to August 2013 were included into that study...
March 2017: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749414/re-anthracosis-mimicking-mediastinal-lymph-node-metastases-with-18f-fcholine-in-high-risk-prostate-cancer
#5
Maria Cecilia Mengoli, Alessandro Stefani, Giulio Rossi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666999/a-potential-pitfall-in-the-use-of-68-ga-psma-pet-ct-anthracosis
#6
T Elri, M Aras, Y S Salihoglu, R U Erdemir, M Cabuk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Revista Española de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592612/pulmonary-anthracosis-mimicking-lung-metastases-in-pediatric-rhabdomyosarcoma
#7
Gabrielle Karpinsky, Malgorzata Anna Krawczyk, Aleksandra Fatyga, Ewa Izycka-Swieszewska, Miroslawa Dubaniewicz-Wybieralska, Dagmara Szmyd, Monika Luboch-Furmanczyk, Ewa Bien
Although childhood rhabdomyosarcoma typically metastasizes to lungs, various processes may mimic metastatic etiology. Described herein is the case of an 8½-year-old boy with orbital embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (RME) in whom three small foci were detected within both lungs on computed tomography. The lesion number and size, however, did not fulfil the Cooperative Weichteilsarkom Study Group 2006 protocol criteria for lung metastasis. Chemotherapy for localized RME produced primary tumor regression and vanishing of the left lung lesion...
October 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536493/inguinal-lymph-node-anthracosis-a-case-report
#8
Rafael Biguria, Carlos Alberto Soto
Anthracosis is defined as black, dense pigments in tissues, usually carbon deposits. We, as surgeons, have to make decisions during surgery to the best of our knowledge and based on what the literature provides us. We present the case of a 30-year-old female patient who underwent abdominoplasty. During surgery, bilateral inguinal pigmented and enlarged lymph nodes were seen. Biopsy of the nodes was done to rule out any malignancy. The results showed tattoo pigments on all lymph nodes. We present this case as tattoo pigment migration, which has been rarely described...
July 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511343/the-utility-of-ebus-tbna-in-mediastinal-or-hilar-lymph-node-evaluation-in-extrapulmonary-malignancy
#9
Onur Fevzi Erer, Ceyda Anar, Serhat Erol, Serir Özkan
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic performance of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) in the diagnosis of mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes (LNs) in patients with known extrapulmonary malignancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between March 2011 and August 2013, 378 EBUS-TBNA procedures were performed. Sixty-three (16.6%) of these were performed on known extrapulmonary malignancy patients. RESULTS: There were 28 male and 35 female patients, with median ages of 65 years (min-max: 53-87) and 57 years (min-max: 39-76), respectively...
January 5, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27379599/cardiomyopathy-in-a-harris-hawk-parabuteo-unicinctus
#10
João Brandão, Caryn A Reynolds, Hugues Beaufrère, Jacqueline Serio, Robert V Blair, Lorrie Gaschen, James G Johnson, Fabio Del Piero, Steven A Barker, Javier G Nevarez, Thomas N Tully
CASE DESCRIPTION An adult sexually intact female Harris hawk (Parabuteo unicinctus) housed at a wildlife hospital was evaluated because of acute collapse during an educational exhibition. CLINICAL FINDINGS Physical examination and hematologic analysis revealed no abnormalities; radiography revealed findings consistent with a previous tibiotarsal fracture. Coelioscopy with histologic examination and fungal culture of lung and air sac samples revealed anthracosis but no fungal infection. The hawk was discharged and temporarily removed from the education program; 1 month later, upon reintroduction into the program, it collapsed again...
July 15, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27209834/endobronchial-tuberculosis-in-anthracotic-bronchitis
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Fariba Rezaeetalab, Donya Farrokh
BACKGROUND: Endobronchial tuberculosis (EBTB) is a serious form of pulmonary tuberculosis. In EBTB, mycobacterium tuberculosis involves trachea, large airways and bronchial trees Combustion of biomass fuels causes anthracotic bronchitis that is characterized by black pigmentation in bronchial tissue. The majority of anthracotic bronchitis are in aged patients, particularly rural women, that use biomass fuel for cooking or traditional bakery .The aim of this study was to evaluate the endobronchial tuberculosis in anthracotic bronchitis...
January 2016: Pneumologia: Revista Societății Române de Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26957815/nonoccupational-anthracofibrosis-anthracosilicosis-from-ladakh-in-jammu-and-kashmir-india-a-case-series
#12
Sonam Spalgais, Dipti Gothi, Anand Jaiswal, Kumud Gupta
BACKGROUND: Nonoccupational anthracosis and silicosis has been reported from various parts of the world including Ladakh in Jammu and Kashmir, India; however, anthracosilicosis has only been reported in industrial workers till date. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six cases from the Ladakh region in Jammu and Kashmir, India with similar clinico-radiological-pathological features, i.e., anthracosilicosis/anthracofibrosis have been analyzed. Of these, four were analyzed retrospectively and two prospectively...
September 2015: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26917802/endobronchial-anthracosis-with-concurrent-primary-lung-cancer
#13
Pichapong Tunsupon, Anthony Picone, Jessie Bower, Abdul Hamid Alraiyes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 25, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26855127/sheep-lymph-nodes-as-a-biological-indicator-of-environmental-exposure-to-fluoro-edenite
#14
Caterina Ledda, Carla Loreto, Cristoforo Pomara, Giuseppe Rapisarda, Maria Fiore, Margherita Ferrante, Massimo Bracci, Lory Santarelli, Concettina Fenga, Venerando Rapisarda
A significantly increased incidence of pleural mesothelioma in Biancavilla (Sicily, Italy) has been attributed to exposure to fluoro-edenite (FE), a fibrous amphibole extracted from a local stone quarry. The lymph-nodes draining the pulmonary lobes of sheep grazing around the town were examined, to gain insights into fibre diffusion. The pasture areas of six sheep flocks lying about 3km from Biancavilla were located using the global positioning system. The cranial tracheobronchial and one middle mediastinal lymph-node as well as four lung tissue samples were collected from 10 animals from each flock and from 10 control sheep for light and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) examination...
May 2016: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26339362/intraoperative-pathology-consultation-for-pulmonary-lesions-errors-and-deferrals
#15
Elif Ulker Akyildiz
The accuracy rate of frozen section constitutes an important step of quality assessment step in pathology practice. This study aimed to investigate pulmonary lesions that were incorrectly diagnosed or postponed for routine examination by pathologists at frozen section examination; it also aimed to discuss the reasons for difficult diagnoses and the various clues enabling the correct diagnosis to be made when such lesions are encountered. This study retrospectively reviewed the medical data of the thoracic surgery cases that underwent frozen section examination between 2009 and 2014...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26314557/primary-pleural-angiosarcoma-associated-with-pneumoconiosis-an-autopsy-case
#16
Katsuya Matsuda, Takeshi Yamaryo, Yuko Akazawa, Kenji Kawakami, Masahiro Nakashima
We report a case of pleural angiosarcoma in an adult male patient confirmed by autopsy and possibly associated with pneumoconiosis. The lesion was characterized by thickened pleura of both lungs with nodular tumors. Histologically, the tumor was composed of spindle-to-polygonal epithelioid cells that were positive for CD31, CD34, vimentin, and cytokeratin on immunohistochemical staining but were negative for calretinin. Further examination revealed mix-dust pathological findings consistent with the existence of pneumoconiosis; dystrophic ossification, anthracosis, and fractal small dust particles were observed in the lung parenchyma and a hilar lymph node...
November 2015: Pathology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26214668/anthracosis-an-unusual-cause-of-vocal-fold-paralysis
#17
Sedat Aydin, Ozlem Celebi, Merve Kiroglu, Mehmet Gökhan Demir
Anthracotic pigmentation in the bronchial mucosa is a bronchoscopic finding of pneumoconiosis, or evidence of heavy atmospheric soot. This pigmentation in the tracheobronchial mucosa is surrounded by calcified or noncalcified lymph nodes. Anthracosis is not a previously known cause of left vocal fold paralysis. We present what we believe to be the first reported case of anthracosis-caused vocal fold paralysis.
July 2015: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26159651/differential-protein-folding-and-chemical-changes-in-lung-tissues-exposed-to-asbestos-or-particulates
#18
Lorella Pascolo, Violetta Borelli, Vincenzo Canzonieri, Alessandra Gianoncelli, Giovanni Birarda, Diana E Bedolla, Murielle Salomé, Lisa Vaccari, Carla Calligaro, Marine Cotte, Bernhard Hesse, Fernando Luisi, Giuliano Zabucchi, Mauro Melato, Clara Rizzardi
Environmental and occupational inhalants may induce a large number of pulmonary diseases, with asbestos exposure being the most risky. The mechanisms are clearly related to chemical composition and physical and surface properties of materials. A combination of X-ray fluorescence (μXRF) and Fourier Transform InfraRed (μFTIR) microscopy was used to chemically characterize and compare asbestos bodies versus environmental particulates (anthracosis) in lung tissues from asbestos exposed and control patients. μXRF analyses revealed heterogeneously aggregated particles in the anthracotic structures, containing mainly Si, K, Al and Fe...
2015: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25946371/percutaneous-treatment-for-pulmonary-hypertension-caused-by-pulmonary-artery-stenosis-due-to-anthracosis
#19
LETTER
Jee Hwan Ahn, Jung-Min Ahn, Seung-Whan Lee, Se Hoon Choi, Sang Young Oh, Sang Min Lee, Sang-Do Lee, Jae Seung Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2015: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25890616/a-fire-death-with-a-rare-finding-anthracosis-or-soot-embolism
#20
Razuin Rahimi, Effat Omar, Shahidan Md Noor
Charred human remains were found in the smoking ambers of a dying fire in an oil palm plantation in Selangor, Malaysia in the midnight of January 28, 2013. Investigations showed that palm fronds and rubber tires were used to light and sustain the blaze. At least four to five tires were estimated to be used based on the residual burnt metal wires at the site. The remains were brought to the Department of Forensic Medicine, Hospital Sungai Buloh, Selangor for post-mortem examination. Pre-autopsy imaging showed a fractured skull with presence of a bullet in the head...
April 2015: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
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