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Maria Cecilia Mengoli, Alessandro Stefani, Giulio Rossi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2016: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
T Elri, M Aras, Y S Salihoglu, R U Erdemir, M Cabuk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 22, 2016: Revista Española de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular
Gabrielle Karpinsky, Malgorzata Anna Krawczyk, Aleksandra Fatyga, Ewa Izycka-Swieszewska, Miroslawa Dubaniewicz-Wybieralska, Dagmara Szmyd, Monika Luboch-Furmanczyk, Ewa Bien
Although childhood rhabdomyosarcoma typically metastasizes to lungs, various processes may mimic metastatic etiology. Described herein is the case of an 8½-year-old boy with orbital embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (RME) in whom three small foci were detected within both lungs on computed tomography. The lesion number and size, however, did not fulfil the Cooperative Weichteilsarkom Study Group 2006 protocol criteria for lung metastasis. Chemotherapy for localized RME produced primary tumor regression and vanishing of the left lung lesion...
September 5, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Rafael Biguria, Carlos Alberto Soto
Anthracosis is defined as black, dense pigments in tissues, usually carbon deposits. We, as surgeons, have to make decisions during surgery to the best of our knowledge and based on what the literature provides us. We present the case of a 30-year-old female patient who underwent abdominoplasty. During surgery, bilateral inguinal pigmented and enlarged lymph nodes were seen. Biopsy of the nodes was done to rule out any malignancy. The results showed tattoo pigments on all lymph nodes. We present this case as tattoo pigment migration, which has been rarely described...
July 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Onur Fevzi Erer, Ceyda Anar, Serhat Erol, Serir Özkan
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic performance of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) in the diagnosis of mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes (LNs) in patients with known extrapulmonary malignancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between March 2011 and August 2013, 378 EBUS-TBNA procedures were performed. Sixty-three (16.6%) of these were performed on known extrapulmonary malignancy patients. RESULTS: There were 28 male and 35 female patients, with median ages of 65 years (min-max: 53-87) and 57 years (min-max: 39-76), respectively...
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
João Brandão, Caryn A Reynolds, Hugues Beaufrère, Jacqueline Serio, Robert V Blair, Lorrie Gaschen, James G Johnson, Fabio Del Piero, Steven A Barker, Javier G Nevarez, Thomas N Tully
CASE DESCRIPTION An adult sexually intact female Harris hawk (Parabuteo unicinctus) housed at a wildlife hospital was evaluated because of acute collapse during an educational exhibition. CLINICAL FINDINGS Physical examination and hematologic analysis revealed no abnormalities; radiography revealed findings consistent with a previous tibiotarsal fracture. Coelioscopy with histologic examination and fungal culture of lung and air sac samples revealed anthracosis but no fungal infection. The hawk was discharged and temporarily removed from the education program; 1 month later, upon reintroduction into the program, it collapsed again...
July 15, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Fariba Rezaeetalab, Donya Farrokh
BACKGROUND: Endobronchial tuberculosis (EBTB) is a serious form of pulmonary tuberculosis. In EBTB, mycobacterium tuberculosis involves trachea, large airways and bronchial trees Combustion of biomass fuels causes anthracotic bronchitis that is characterized by black pigmentation in bronchial tissue. The majority of anthracotic bronchitis are in aged patients, particularly rural women, that use biomass fuel for cooking or traditional bakery .The aim of this study was to evaluate the endobronchial tuberculosis in anthracotic bronchitis...
January 2016: Pneumologia: Revista Societății Române de Pneumologie
Sonam Spalgais, Dipti Gothi, Anand Jaiswal, Kumud Gupta
BACKGROUND: Nonoccupational anthracosis and silicosis has been reported from various parts of the world including Ladakh in Jammu and Kashmir, India; however, anthracosilicosis has only been reported in industrial workers till date. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six cases from the Ladakh region in Jammu and Kashmir, India with similar clinico-radiological-pathological features, i.e., anthracosilicosis/anthracofibrosis have been analyzed. Of these, four were analyzed retrospectively and two prospectively...
September 2015: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Pichapong Tunsupon, Anthony Picone, Jessie Bower, Abdul Hamid Alraiyes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Caterina Ledda, Carla Loreto, Cristoforo Pomara, Giuseppe Rapisarda, Maria Fiore, Margherita Ferrante, Massimo Bracci, Lory Santarelli, Concettina Fenga, Venerando Rapisarda
A significantly increased incidence of pleural mesothelioma in Biancavilla (Sicily, Italy) has been attributed to exposure to fluoro-edenite (FE), a fibrous amphibole extracted from a local stone quarry. The lymph-nodes draining the pulmonary lobes of sheep grazing around the town were examined, to gain insights into fibre diffusion. The pasture areas of six sheep flocks lying about 3km from Biancavilla were located using the global positioning system. The cranial tracheobronchial and one middle mediastinal lymph-node as well as four lung tissue samples were collected from 10 animals from each flock and from 10 control sheep for light and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) examination...
May 2016: Environmental Research
Elif Ulker Akyildiz
The accuracy rate of frozen section constitutes an important step of quality assessment step in pathology practice. This study aimed to investigate pulmonary lesions that were incorrectly diagnosed or postponed for routine examination by pathologists at frozen section examination; it also aimed to discuss the reasons for difficult diagnoses and the various clues enabling the correct diagnosis to be made when such lesions are encountered. This study retrospectively reviewed the medical data of the thoracic surgery cases that underwent frozen section examination between 2009 and 2014...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology
Katsuya Matsuda, Takeshi Yamaryo, Yuko Akazawa, Kenji Kawakami, Masahiro Nakashima
We report a case of pleural angiosarcoma in an adult male patient confirmed by autopsy and possibly associated with pneumoconiosis. The lesion was characterized by thickened pleura of both lungs with nodular tumors. Histologically, the tumor was composed of spindle-to-polygonal epithelioid cells that were positive for CD31, CD34, vimentin, and cytokeratin on immunohistochemical staining but were negative for calretinin. Further examination revealed mix-dust pathological findings consistent with the existence of pneumoconiosis; dystrophic ossification, anthracosis, and fractal small dust particles were observed in the lung parenchyma and a hilar lymph node...
November 2015: Pathology International
Sedat Aydin, Ozlem Celebi, Merve Kiroglu, Mehmet Gökhan Demir
Anthracotic pigmentation in the bronchial mucosa is a bronchoscopic finding of pneumoconiosis, or evidence of heavy atmospheric soot. This pigmentation in the tracheobronchial mucosa is surrounded by calcified or noncalcified lymph nodes. Anthracosis is not a previously known cause of left vocal fold paralysis. We present what we believe to be the first reported case of anthracosis-caused vocal fold paralysis.
July 2015: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Lorella Pascolo, Violetta Borelli, Vincenzo Canzonieri, Alessandra Gianoncelli, Giovanni Birarda, Diana E Bedolla, Murielle Salomé, Lisa Vaccari, Carla Calligaro, Marine Cotte, Bernhard Hesse, Fernando Luisi, Giuliano Zabucchi, Mauro Melato, Clara Rizzardi
Environmental and occupational inhalants may induce a large number of pulmonary diseases, with asbestos exposure being the most risky. The mechanisms are clearly related to chemical composition and physical and surface properties of materials. A combination of X-ray fluorescence (μXRF) and Fourier Transform InfraRed (μFTIR) microscopy was used to chemically characterize and compare asbestos bodies versus environmental particulates (anthracosis) in lung tissues from asbestos exposed and control patients. μXRF analyses revealed heterogeneously aggregated particles in the anthracotic structures, containing mainly Si, K, Al and Fe...
2015: Scientific Reports
Jee Hwan Ahn, Jung-Min Ahn, Seung-Whan Lee, Se Hoon Choi, Sang Young Oh, Sang Min Lee, Sang-Do Lee, Jae Seung Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2015: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Razuin Rahimi, Effat Omar, Shahidan Md Noor
Charred human remains were found in the smoking ambers of a dying fire in an oil palm plantation in Selangor, Malaysia in the midnight of January 28, 2013. Investigations showed that palm fronds and rubber tires were used to light and sustain the blaze. At least four to five tires were estimated to be used based on the residual burnt metal wires at the site. The remains were brought to the Department of Forensic Medicine, Hospital Sungai Buloh, Selangor for post-mortem examination. Pre-autopsy imaging showed a fractured skull with presence of a bullet in the head...
April 2015: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
Virendra Singh, Hardayal Meena, Ramavatar Bairwa, Sheetu Singh, Bharat Bhushan Sharma, Ajeet Singh
BACKGROUND: Anthracosis is the black pigmentation of the mucosal lining of the tracheo-bronchial tree. The significance of this finding is not known and often ignored. The aim of the present study is to find the association of anthracosis with demographic variables, biomass fuel and occupational exposure, respiratory diseases, radiological pattern and functional morbidity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Enrolment of the subjects for the study was done at SMS hospital, Jaipur...
March 2015: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
Jean-Baptiste Pinaquy, Philippe Fernandez, Gilles Pasticier, Marie Parrens, Henri De Clermont
A 62-year-old patient with prostate adenocarcinoma underwent PET with radiolabeled choline (18F-Fcholine) for pretreatment staging of a high-risk prostate cancer. Images showed a significant mediastinal lymph node uptake of 18F-Fcholine. Owing to the rarity of spread to supradiaphragmatic lymph nodes, a surgical removal was performed, revealing anthracosis and no malignant cells. Even if its specificity seems better than 18F-FDG, false positives have been reported and other pathologies could mimic lymph node metastases...
April 2015: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Johannes Kirchner, Michael Broll, Phillip Müller, Natalia Pomjanski, Stepfan Biesterfeld, Dieter Liermann, Ralph Kickuth
PURPOSE: Anthracosis often results in mediastinal nodal enlargement. The aim of this comparative study was to evaluate if it is possible to differentiate endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) proven anthracotic lymph nodes from malignant lymph node enlargement by means of multislice computed tomography (MSCT). METHODS: We compared the MSCT findings of 89 enlarged lymph nodes due to anthracosis with 54 malignant lymph nodes (non-small cell lung cancer 75...
March 2015: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
Mostafa Qorbani, Masud Yunesian, Hamid Reza Baradaran
The association between indoor smoke exposure due to traditional baking (baking homemade bread) and anthracosis has rarely been investigated. The aim of the present study is to quantify such association among the Iranian population. A hospital based case-control study was carried out on 83 anthracotic cases and 155 controls (83 individuals with non-anthracotic pulmonary disorders from the pulmonary ward and 72 persons from the surgical ward without any known pulmonary disorders). The interview was performed using the "American Thoracic Society" questionnaire, comprising demographic information, occupational history, cigarette smoking, and indoor smoke exposure due to traditional baking...
November 2014: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
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