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Ashok Shah, Shekhar Kunal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Permanente Journal
Yan Xu, Wenbing Xu, Yongjian Liu, Xinlun Tian, Kaifeng Xu, Juhong Shi, Mengzhao Wang, Baiqiang Cai, Min Peng
INTRODUCTION: Both fibrosing mediastinitis (FM) and bronchial anthracofibrosis (BAF) are unique diseases. The combined appearance of FM and BAF is extremely rare. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical features of patients with coexisting FM and BAF. METHOD: Between January 2003 and December 2015, a total of eight patients were diagnosed at the Peking Union Medical College Hospital as having combined FM and BAF. The clinical presentations, radiographic features, and bronchoscopic findings of the eight patients were reviewed...
April 17, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
Shekhar Kunal, Ashok Shah
BACKGROUND: Bronchial anthracofibrosis (BAF), diagnosed bronchoscopically, is a clinical entity which is now beginning to emerge from obscurity. This is commonly encountered in elderly females with history of long-standing exposure to biomass fuel smoke in poorly ventilated kitchens. As awareness of BAF has increased in recent times, distinct clinicoradiological and bronchoscopic features of the disease have emerged. Diagnosis is achieved by visualisation of bluish-black mucosal hyperpigmentation along with narrowing/distortion of the affected bronchus on fibreoptic bronchoscopy (FOB)...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
Tae Yun Park, Eun Young Heo, Hee Soon Chung, Kwang Nam Jin, Deog Kyeom Kim
PURPOSE: Because anthracofibrosis (AF) is associated with tuberculosis (TB), detection of AF is clinically relevant in Korea, a TB endemic region. We thus sought to develop and validate a predictive model for AF using clinical radiographic data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 1, 2008 and March 31, 2014, 3849 adult patients who underwent bronchoscopies were retrospectively included from an observational registry. We dichotomized patients based on the presence (n=167) or absence (n=242) of AF...
March 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
Muhammad Irfan
Tuberculosis (TB) is among the top infectious causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide and is associated with frequent pulmonary damage despite microbiological cure. Patients with treated TB may remain lifelong sufferers of disabling structural and functional sequelae of the disease, which subsequently impair quality of life. Long-term follow-up studies have revealed that many patients with treated pulmonary TB show signs of permanent impairment of their lung function. Impairment is variable in pattern and severity, ranging from none to severe, and shows restrictive, obstructive, or mixed patterns...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
Shekhar Kunal, Vikas Pilaniya, Ashok Shah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 24, 2016: Archivos de Bronconeumología
Abdullah Şimşek, İlhami Yapıcı, Mesiha Babalık, Zekiye Şimşek, Mustafa Kolsuz
OBJECTIVE: To determine the proportional distribution of endobronchial tuberculosis (EBTB) subtypes and to evaluate the types of bronchoscopic diagnostic procedures that can prove granulomatous inflammation. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 18 HIV-negative patients with biopsy-proven EBTB treated between 2010 and 2014. RESULTS: The most common EBTB subtypes, as classified by the bronchoscopic features, were tumorous and granular (in 22...
May 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
Hae Jung Na, Jung Seop Eom, Geewon Lee, Jeong Ha Mok, Mi Hyun Kim, Kwangha Lee, Ki Uk Kim, Min Ki Lee
OBJECTIVE: Recent guidelines recommend the use by healthcare personnel of a fit-tested N95 particulate respirator or higher-grade respiratory precaution in a patient undergoing bronchoscopy when pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) is suspected. However, PTB may be unexpectedly diagnosed in this setting and therefore not evaluated, resulting in the unexpected exposure to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) of healthcare workers in the bronchoscopy suite. Here, we examined the incidence of unexpected exposure to MTB during flexible bronchoscopy and determined the exposure-related factors...
2016: PloS One
Sonam Spalgais, Dipti Gothi, Anand Jaiswal, Kumud Gupta
BACKGROUND: Nonoccupational anthracosis and silicosis has been reported from various parts of the world including Ladakh in Jammu and Kashmir, India; however, anthracosilicosis has only been reported in industrial workers till date. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six cases from the Ladakh region in Jammu and Kashmir, India with similar clinico-radiological-pathological features, i.e., anthracosilicosis/anthracofibrosis have been analyzed. Of these, four were analyzed retrospectively and two prospectively...
September 2015: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Nour A Assad, Vidit Kapoor, Akshay Sood
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Approximately 3 billion people worldwide rely on coal and biomass fuel for cooking and heating. Biomass smoke exposure is associated with several chronic lung diseases, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma-COPD overlap syndrome, usual interstitial pneumonitis, hut lung, and bronchial anthracofibrosis. Household air pollution primarily from biomass smoke is the biggest risk factor for COPD worldwide. Despite the significant burden of biomass smoke-related respiratory disease, the exposure is still underappreciated worldwide, especially in high-income countries...
March 2016: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
Katharina Licht, Claus Kroegel, Kathrin Katenkamp, Martin Freesmeyer
A 33-year-old Indonesian woman presented for follow-up after a recent history of papillary thyroid carcinoma treated with total thyroidectomy and radioiodine therapy. A 131I whole-body scintigraphy showed an elongated iodine accumulation in the right hemithorax. On suspicion of pulmonary metastasis, further diagnostics with 124I PET/CT showed thickening of the bronchial wall and retention of secretion in a middle lobe bronchus. Bronchoscopy and histology allowed a diagnosis of stenosing anthracofibrosis with chronic inflammatory changes...
April 2016: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Nour A Assad, John Balmes, Sumi Mehta, Umar Cheema, Akshay Sood
Approximately 3 billion people around the world cook and heat their homes using solid fuels in open fires and rudimentary stoves, resulting in household air pollution. Household air pollution secondary to indoor combustion of solid fuel is associated with multiple chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) outcomes. The exposure is associated with both chronic bronchitis and emphysema phenotypes of COPD as well as a distinct form of obstructive airway disease called bronchial anthracofibrosis. COPD from household air pollution differs from COPD from tobacco smoke with respect to its disproportionately greater bronchial involvement, lesser emphysematous change, greater impact on quality of life, and possibly greater oxygen desaturation and pulmonary hypertensive changes...
June 2015: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Younmo Cho, Min Choi, Jun-Pyo Myong, Hyoung-Ryoul Kim, HyeEun Lee, Tae-Won Jang, Jung-Wan Koo
OBJECTIVES: Bronchial anthracofibrosis (BAF) is associated with occupational hazardous dust exposure. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of BAF and BAC without fibrosis in patients with pneumoconiosis, and to evaluate the associations between BAC/BAF and occupational dust exposure and clinical manifestations among patients with pneumoconiosis. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study (n=170) among individuals who were diagnosed with pneumoconiosis or suspicious pneumoconiosis and underwent bronchoscopy between January 2000 and February 2013 was performed...
2015: Journal of Occupational Health
Hyera Kim, Seung-Ick Cha, Kyung-Min Shin, Jae-Kwang Lim, Serim Oh, Min Jung Kim, Yong Dae Lee, Miyoung Kim, Jaehee Lee, Chang-Ho Kim
BACKGROUND: Bronchial anthracofibrosis (BAF), which is associated with exposure to biomass smoke in inefficiently ventilated indoor areas, can take the form of obstructive lung disease. Patients with BAF can mimic or present with an exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The purpose of the current study was to investigate the prevalence of BAF in Korean patients with COPD exacerbation as well as to examine the clinical features of these patients in order to determine its clinical relevance...
September 2014: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
Majid Mirsadraee, Amir Asna-Ashari, Davood Attaran, Saeed Naghibi, Saeed Mirsadraee
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify the most important new radiological presentations of anthracosis and anthracofibrosis and evaluate the risk ratio for accurate diagnosis of these conditions using computed tomography instead of bronchoscopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective, case-control study evaluated three groups of 70 patients with a bronchoscopic diagnosis of simple anthracosis and anthracofibrosis and 40 patients with a non-anthracotic diagnosis (control group)...
2013: Tanaffos
Majid Mirsadraee, Amir Asnaashari, Davood Attaran
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to discuss the spirometric characteristics of anthracofibrosis which is a from of bronchial anthracosis associated with deformity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty anthracofibrosis subjects who were diagnosed with bronchoscopy were enrolled in this prospective study. Static and dynamic spirometry plus lung volumes and diffusion capacity were measured in this group and compared to a healthy control group. RESULTS: Dyspnea (95%), cough (86%) and wheezing (68%) were the most frequent clinical findings...
2012: Tanaffos
Laura M Paulin, Natalie E West, Jason A Akulian, Brian T Garibaldi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2014: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Shahram Kahkouee, Ramin Pourghorban, Mahdi Bitarafan, Katayoun Najafizadeh, Seyed Shahabeddin Mohammad Makki
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the chest computed tomography (CT) findings of patients with isolated bronchial anthracofibrosis confirmed by bronchoscopy and histopathology. METHODOLOGY: Fifty-eight patients with isolated bronchial anthracofibrosis (29 females; mean age, 70 years) were enrolled in this study. The diagnosis of bronchial anthracofibrosis was made based on both bronchoscopy and pathology findings in all patients. The various chest CT images were retrospectively reviewed by two chest radiologists who reached decisions in consensus...
July 2015: Archivos de Bronconeumología
Majid Mirsadraee, Ahmad Shafahie, Mohammad Reza Khakzad, Mojtaba Sankian
BACKGROUND: Anthracofibrosis is the black discoloration of the bronchial mucosa with deformity and obstruction. Association of this disease with tuberculosis (TB) was approved. The objective of this study was to find the additional benefit of assessment of TB by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method. METHODS: Bronchoscopy was performed on 103 subjects (54 anthracofibrosis and 49 control subjects) who required bronchoscopy for their pulmonary problems. According to bronchoscopic findings, participants were classified to anthracofibrosis and nonanthracotic groups...
April 2014: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
Seda Tutluer, M D Tanriover, S Emri
BACKGROUND: Tuberculous lymphadenitis is a common condition in underdeveloped and developing countries. Anthracosis is the black pigmentation of bronchi caused by the deposition of carbon, silica and quartz particles in the macrophages of the bronchial mucosa and submucosa. There is a potential relationship between bronchial anthracofibrosis and tuberculosis (TB). OBJECTIVES: A 66 year old woman was referred to a chest diseases clinic when non-productive cough was noticed during a preoperative examination...
2013: Sarcoidosis, Vasculitis, and Diffuse Lung Diseases: Official Journal of WASOG
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