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Alcoholism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927192/alcohol-hypertension-and-heart-failure-with-preserved-or-normal-ejection-fraction
#1
John E Sanderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Quality of Care & Clinical Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927003/expanding-the-applicability-of-poly-ionic-liquids-in-solid-phase-microextraction-pyrrolidinium-coatings
#2
David J S Patinha, Liliana C Tomé, Mehmet Isik, David Mecerreyes, Armando J D Silvestre, Isabel M Marrucho
Crosslinked pyrrolidinium-based poly(ionic liquids) (Pyrr-PILs) were synthesized through a fast, simple, and solventless photopolymerization scheme, and tested as solid phase microextraction (SPME) sorbents. A series of Pyrr-PILs bearing three different alkyl side chain lengths with two, eight, and fourteen carbons was prepared, characterized, and homogeneously coated on a steel wire by using a very simple procedure. The resulting coatings showed a high thermal stability, with decomposition temperatures above 350 °C, excellent film stability, and lifetime of over 100 injections...
September 18, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926999/depression-and-risk-of-unintentional-injury-in-rural-communities-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-australian-rural-mental-health-study
#3
Kerry J Inder, Elizabeth G Holliday, Tonelle E Handley, Lyn J Fragar, Tony Lower, Angela Booth, Terry J Lewin, Brian J Kelly
Limited longitudinal research has examined relationships between depression and injury, particularly in rural contexts. This paper reports cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses from the Australian Rural Mental Health Study (ARMHS) exploring relationships between "probable depression" episodes and unintentional injury. Participants completed four surveys over five years. Multivariate logistic regressions were employed to assess the causal effect of prior depression episodes on subsequent injury risk. Of 2621 baseline participants, 23...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926911/enhanced-biosynthesis-of-3-4-dihydroxybutyric-acid-by-engineered-escherichia-coli-in-a-dual-substrate-system
#4
Haijun Gao, Yu Gao, Runan Dong
3,4-Dihydroxybutyric acid (3,4-DHBA), a versatile platform four carbon (C4) chemical, can be used as a precursor in the production of many commercially important chemicals. Here, a dual-substrate biosynthesis system was developed for 3,4-DHBA production via a synthetic pathway established in an engineered Escherichia coli, and using xylose as a synthetic substrate and glucose as a cell growth substrate. The deletion of genes xylA, yjhH and yagE and others encoding for alcohol dehydrogenases in E. coli is essential for the production of 3,4-DHBA...
September 5, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926907/research-on-the-quick-and-efficient-recovery-of-1-allyl-3-methylimidazolium-chloride-after-biomass-pretreatment-with-ionic-liquid-aqueous-alcohol-system
#5
Xiaocong Liang, Yan Fu, Jie Chang
Membrane-based methodology electrodialysis (ED) was employed for the quick and efficient recovery of ionic liquid AmimCl from the aqueous solutions after biomass pretreatment with AmimCl-aqueous methanol/ethanol systems. IL recovery performance was relatively stable as the variation of IL-alcohol systems employed in the pretreatment process. IL recovery ratio (R) of 66%-71%, IL recovery performance of specific energy consumption (Sp) of 429-467g/kwh and IL transport rate (Tr) of 5.3-8.2g/(m(2)min) were obtained by single ED treatment...
August 24, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926863/evaluation-of-cannabinoid-and-terpenoid-content-cannabis-flower-compared-to-supercritical-co2-concentrate
#6
Michelle Sexton, Kyle Shelton, Pam Haley, Mike West
A recent cannabis use survey revealed that 60% of cannabis users rely on smelling the flower to select their cannabis. Olfactory indicators in plants include volatile compounds, principally represented by the terpenoid fraction. Currently, medicinal- and adult-use cannabis is marketed in the United States with relatively little differentiation between products other than by a common name, association with a species type, and Δ-9 tetrahydrocannabinol/cannabidiol potency. Because of this practice, how terpenoid compositions may change during an extraction process is widely overlooked...
September 19, 2017: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926776/the-impact-of-price-policy-on-demand-for-alcohol-in-rural-india
#7
Arjunan Subramanian, Parmod Kumar
Whether raising the price of addictive goods can reduce its burden is widely debated in many countries, largely due to lack of appropriate data and robust methods. Three key concerns frequently raised in the literature are: unobserved heterogeneity; omitted variables; identification problem. Addressing these concerns, using robust instrument and employing unique individual-level panel data from Indian Punjab, this paper investigates two related propositions (i) will increase in alcohol price reduce its burden (ii) since greater incomes raise the costs of inebriation, will higher incomes affect consumption of alcohol negatively...
August 24, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926739/electrophysiological-correlates-of-performance-monitoring-in-binge-drinking-impaired-error-related-but-preserved-feedback-processing
#8
Séverine Lannoy, Fabien D'Hondt, Valérie Dormal, Joël Billieux, Pierre Maurage
OBJECTIVE: Performance monitoring, which allows efficient behavioral regulation using either internal (error processing) or external (feedback processing) cues, has not yet been explored in binge drinking despite its adaptive importance in everyday life, particularly in the regulation of alcohol consumption. Capitalizing on a theoretical model of risky behaviors, the present study aimed at determining the behavioral and electrophysiological correlates of the cognitive (inhibition) and motivational (reward sensitivity) systems during performance monitoring...
September 2, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926714/janus-and-strawberry-like-particles-from-azo-molecular-glass-and-polydimethylsiloxane-oligomer
#9
Chungen Hsu, Yi Du, Xiaogong Wang
This study investigated Janus and strawberry-like particles composed of azo molecular glass and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) oligomer, focusing on controllable fabrication and formation mechanism of these unique structures and morphologies. Two materials, the azo molecular glass (IA-Chol) and PDMS oligomer (H2pdca-PDMS), were prepared for this purpose. The Janus and strawberry-like particles were obtained from the droplets of a dichloromethane (DCM) solution containing both IA-Chol and H2pdca-PDMS, dispersed in water and stabilized by poly(vinyl alcohol)...
September 19, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926617/hidden-biodiversity-in-entomological-collections-the-overlooked-co-occurrence-of-dipteran-and-hymenopteran-ant-parasitoids-in-stored-biological-material
#10
Gabriela Pérez-Lachaud, Jean-Paul Lachaud
Biological collections around the world are the repository of biodiversity on Earth; they also hold a large quantity of unsorted, unidentified, or misidentified material and can house behavioral information on species that are difficult to access or no longer available to science. Among the unsorted, alcohol-preserved material stored in the Formicidae Collection of the 'El Colegio de la Frontera Sur' Research Center (Chetumal, Mexico), we found nine colonies of the ponerine ant Neoponera villosa, that had been collected in bromeliads at Calakmul (Campeche, Mexico) in 1999...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926591/no-evidence-for-the-presence-of-epstein-barr-virus-in-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-mobile-tongue
#11
Torben Wilms, Gulfaraz Khan, Philip J Coates, Nicola Sgaramella, Robin Fåhraeus, Asma Hassani, Pretty S Philip, Lena Norberg Spaak, Luigi Califano, Giuseppe Colella, Katarina Olofsson, Christos Loizou, Renato Franco, Karin Nylander
Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) comprises a large group of cancers in the oral cavity and nasopharyngeal area that typically arise in older males in association with alcohol/tobacco usage. Within the oral cavity, the mobile tongue is the most common site for tumour development. The incidence of tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) is increasing in younger people, which has been suggested to associate with a viral aetiology. Two common human oncogenic viruses, human papilloma virus (HPV) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) are known causes of certain types of SCCHN, namely the oropharynx and nasopharynx, respectively...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926484/alcohol-and-drug-use-before-and-during-the-first-year-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#12
Simon Beaulieu-Bonneau, Frédéric St-Onge, Marie-Claude Blackburn, Andrée Banville, Andrée-Anne Paradis-Giroux, Marie-Christine Ouellet
OBJECTIVES: To compare individuals with mild and moderate/severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) on alcohol and drug use and substance use disorders before and in the first year post-TBI; to explore sociodemographic and injury-related variables associated with substance use disorders. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 225 adults hospitalized in a level I trauma center after TBI. DESIGN: Observational cohort study with retrospective (pre-TBI) and prospective (4, 8, and 12 months post-TBI) assessments...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926304/substance-use-in-youth-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#13
Franco Scalzo, Carol A Hulbert, Jennifer K Betts, Sue M Cotton, Andrew M Chanen
Co-occurring substance misuse and borderline personality disorder (BPD) in adults is associated with more severe dysfunction and poorer prognosis than BPD alone. However, it is unknown to what extent substance use in youth with BPD is normative for this age group or pathological. This study compared substance use in 117 help-seeking youth (aged 15-25 years) with their first presentation for treatment of BPD, with an epidemiological general population sample and with healthy, age- and gender-matched controls...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926286/training-behavioral-control-in-adolescents-using-a-serious-game
#14
Wouter J Boendermaker, Remco C Veltkamp, Margot Peeters
OBJECTIVE: Risk taking, such as heavy alcohol use, is commonplace among adolescents. Nevertheless, prolonged alcohol use at this age can lead to severe health problems. The goal of this study was to develop and evaluate a serious game training ("The Fling"), aimed at increasing behavioral control in adolescents and thereby helping them to improve control over their alcohol use. The game training was compared to a game placebo and a nongame training version in a randomized controlled trial...
September 19, 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926245/hno-is-produced-by-the-reaction-of-no-with-thiols
#15
Sebastian A Suarez, Martina Muñoz, Lucia Alvarez, Mateus F Venancio, Willian Rocha, Damian E Bikiel, Marcelo A Marti, Fabio Doctorovich
Azanone (nitroxyl, HNO) is a highly reactive compound whose biological role is still a matter of debate. One possible route for its formation is NO reduction by biological reductants. These reactions have been historically discarded due to the negative redox potential for the NO,H+/HNO couple. However, the NO to HNO conversion mediated by vitamins C, E and aromatic alcohols has been recently shown to be feasible from a chemical standpoint. Based on these precedents we decided to study the reaction of NO with thiols as potential sources of HNO...
September 19, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926196/a-strategy-for-simultaneous-synthesis-of-methallyl-alcohol-and-diethyl-acetal-with-sn-%C3%AE
#16
Wenda Hu, Yan Wan, Lili Zhu, Xiaojie Cheng, Shaolong Wan, Jingdong Lin, Yong Wang
Herein we report a strategy to simultaneously produce two important chemicals namely Methallyl alcohol (Mol) and diethyl acetal (Dal) from methacrolein (Mal) in ethanol solvent at low temperature with the use of Beta zeolites modified by tin (Sn-β catalysts). All Sn-β catalysts were prepared by the solid-state ion-exchange (SSIE) method, wherein the calcination step was conducted in different gas atmospheres. The one pre-calcined in Ar (Sn-β-Ar) diminishes the number of extra-framework Sn species and instead enables more Sn species exchanged into the framework as isolated tetrahedral Sn (IV), thus enhancing the catalytic activity of Meerwein-Ponndorf-Verley (MPV) reaction...
September 19, 2017: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925972/improving-the-efficiency-of-new-automatic-dishwashing-detergent-formulation-by-addition-of-thermostable-lipase-protease-and-amylase
#17
Ashwini Naganthran, Malihe Masomian, Raja Noor Zaliha Raja Abd Rahman, Mohd Shukuri Mohamad Ali, Hisham Mohd Nooh
The use of T1 lipase in automatic dishwashing detergent (ADD) is well established, but efficiency in hard water is very low. A new enzymatic environmentally-friendly dishwashing was formulated to be efficient in both soft and hard water. Thermostable enzymes such as T1 lipase from Geobacillus strain T1, Rand protease from Bacillussubtilis strain Rand, and Maltogenic amylase from Geobacillus sp. SK70 were produced and evaluated for an automatic dishwashing detergent formulation. The components of the new ADD were optimized for compatibility with these three enzymes...
September 19, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925934/can-diet-help-non-obese-individuals-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-nafld
#18
Hamid A Merchant
Subjects diagnosed with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) or hepatic steatosis are usually obese or overweight. NAFLD has also been reported in many non-obese healthy subjects as an incidental finding during imaging. Subjects with early-stage NAFLD who are otherwise healthy are often left unmanaged in current clinical practice; it is not clear if an early intervention in those individuals would be of any benefit in preventing NAFLD progression to more serious conditions. Since many of these subjects are non-alcoholic and have a normal body mass index (BMI), an intensive lifestyle change program is not usually recommended...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925712/transition-metal-free-hydrogenation-of-aryl-halides-from-alcohol-to-aldehyde
#19
Hong-Xing Zheng, Xiang-Huan Shan, Jian-Ping Qu, Yan-Biao Kang
A transition-metal- and catalyst-free hydrogenation of aryl halides, promoted by bases with either aldehydes or alcohols, is described. One equivalent of benzaldehyde affords an equal yield as that of 0.5 equiv of benzyl alcohol. The kinetic study reveals that the initial rate of PhCHO is much faster than that of BnOH, in the ratio of nearly 4:1. The radical trapping experiments indicate the radical nature of this reaction. Based on the kinetic study, trapping and KIE experiments, and control experiments, a tentative mechanism is proposed...
September 19, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925583/decreasing-incidence-of-cancer-after-liver-transplantation-a-nordic-population-based-study-over-three-decades
#20
A Nordin, F Åberg, E Pukkala, C R Pedersen, H H Storm, A Rasmussen, W Bennet, M Olausson, H Wilczek, B-G Ericzon, S Tretli, P-D Line, T H Karlsen, K M Boberg, H Isoniemi
Cancer remains one of the most serious long-term complications after liver transplantation (LT). Data for all adult LT patients between 1982 and 2013 was extracted from the Nordic Liver Transplant Registry. Through linkage with respective national cancer-registry data, we calculated standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) based on country, sex, calendar time, and age-specific incidence rates. Altogether 461 cancers were observed in 424 individuals out the 4246 LT patients during a mean 6.6-year follow-up. The overall SIR was 2...
September 19, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
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