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Endoscopic sinus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156015/european-prospective-multicentre-study-of-hybrid-thoracoscopic-and-transcatheter-ablation-of-persistent-atrial-fibrillation-the-historic-af-trial
#1
Claudio Muneretto, Gianluigi Bisleri, Fabrizio Rosati, Ralf Krakor, Laura Giroletti, Lorenzo Di Bacco, Alberto Repossini, Massimo Moltrasio, Antonio Curnis, Claudio Tondo, Gianluca Polvani
OBJECTIVES: The HISTORIC-AF trial is a prospective, multicentre, single-arm study designed to evaluate the outcomes of a staged endoscopic and transcatheter ablation in patients with stand-alone, persistent or long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: From 2012 to 2015, 100 consecutive patients were enrolled and underwent thoracoscopic left atrial epicardial isolation ('box lesion') followed by transcatheter ablation in case of AF recurrency. The safety end point was the composite outcome of freedom from major adverse events at 30-days, while efficacy end points were: (i) primary: freedom from AF and stable sinus rhythm following isolated thoracospic ablation >60% and (ii) secondary: freedom from AF and stable sinus rhythm >80% following hybrid ablation (as per HRS criteria)...
October 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154250/functional-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-fess-in-unilateral-sinus-disease
#2
Daniela Mielcarek-Kuchta, Karolina Simon, Dawid Kondratowicz, Zofia Łukomska, Aleksandra Rybak-Korytowska
BACKGROUND: Unilateral sinus disease (USD) occurs in 23 % of all cases. It is believed that it is mainly associated with cancer development. Retrospective data from large rhinological centers show that the most common USD is chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), followed by mycosis, inverted papilloma and finally cancer, but only in a small percent of cases. THE AIM OF THE STUDY: The analysis of USD in the group of patients who underwent FESS at the secondary referral center...
October 30, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151381/feasibility-of-a-septal-mucosal-flap-for-preventing-re-stenosis-following-the-draf-iii-procedure
#3
O Erdur, K Ozturk, K Erkan
BACKGROUND: Re-stenosis and a consequent need for revision surgery are the most common problems in the follow-up period following endoscopic modification of the Lothrop procedure. METHOD: This paper reports a new technique for reconstructing and resurfacing of the posterior frontal recess bone for prevention of re-stenosis. RESULTS: A 46-year-old man presented with a frontal sinus osteoma, and treatment featured an endoscopic modification of the Lothrop procedure...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145656/refining-operative-strategies-for-optic-nerve-decompression-a-morphometric-analysis-of-transcranial-and-endoscopic-endonasal-techniques-using-clinical-parameters
#4
Steven L Gogela, Lee A Zimmer, Jeffrey T Keller, Norberto Andaluz
BACKGROUND: Various approaches can be considered for decompression of the intracanalicular optic nerve. Although clinical experience has been reported, no quantitative study has yet compared the extent of decompression achieved by an endoscopic endonasal versus transcranial approach. OBJECTIVE: Toward this aim, our morphometric analysis compared both approaches by quantifying the circumferential degree of optic canal decompression that is possible before any meningeal violation, which would result in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak...
May 3, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137081/sinonasal-undifferentiated-carcinoma-originating-from-inverted-papilloma-a-case-report
#5
Jong Seung Kim, Ki Hwan Hong, Kyu Yun Jang, Jong Hoon Song
RATIONALE: Sinonasal inverted papilloma (IP) is a locally aggressive tumor found in the schneiderian membrane, lining the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a case of a 63-year-old woman with undifferentiated carcinoma (UC) arising in an IP in the left maxillary sinus. DIAGNOSES: The preoperative diagnosis was IP of the maxillary sinus. INTERVENTIONS: We performed endoscopic medial maxillectomy to remove the remnant mass in the left maxillary sinus...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134165/an-innovate-robotic-endoscope-guidance-system-for-transnasal-sinus-and-skull-base-surgery-proof-of-concept
#6
D T Friedrich, F Sommer, M O Scheithauer, J Greve, T K Hoffmann, P J Schuler
Objective  Advanced transnasal sinus and skull base surgery remains a challenging discipline for head and neck surgeons. Restricted access and space for instrumentation can impede advanced interventions. Thus, we present the combination of an innovative robotic endoscope guidance system and a specific endoscope with adjustable viewing angle to facilitate transnasal surgery in a human cadaver model. Materials and Methods  The applicability of the robotic endoscope guidance system with custom foot pedal controller was tested for advanced transnasal surgery on a fresh frozen human cadaver head...
December 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134161/pneumatization-patterns-of-the-petrous-apex-and-lateral-sphenoid-recess
#7
Alexander Malone, Margherita Bruni, Robert Wong, Mark Tabor, K Paul Boyev
Introduction  The petrous apex poses a challenge for surgical intervention due to poor access. As intraoperative image guidance and surgical instrumentation improve, newer endoscopic approaches are increasingly favored. This study aims to provide normative data on the anatomy of the lateral sphenoid sinus recess and petrous apex. These normative data could assist in determining the efficacy of a transnasal transsphenoidal approach to lesions of the anteroinferior petrous apex. Methods  This is a retrospective study investigating normative data on all maxillofacial computed tomography (CT) scans performed at a level I trauma center over a 6-month period...
December 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130568/flexible-next-generation-robotic-surgical-system-for-transoral-endoscopic-hypopharyngectomy-a-comparative-preclinical-study
#8
Ichiro Tateya, Yoon Woo Koh, Raymond K Tsang, Steven S Hong, Ryuji Uozumi, Yo Kishimoto, Taro Sugimoto, F Christopher Holsinger
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this cadaveric study was to determine the efficacy of a flexible, next-generation robotic surgical system for transoral robotic hypopharyngectomy. METHODS: A comparative evaluation study of the flexible versus rigid robotic surgical systems for the hypopharynx was conducted using 3 cadavers. Endpoints for assessment were visualization of the hypopharynx, access to the hypopharynx, and difficulty of dissection. Hypopharyngectomy was performed on 3 other cadavers using the da Vinci Sp surgical system...
November 11, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125646/epidural-abscess-caused-by-schizophyllum-commune-a-rare-case-of-rhinogenic-cranial-complication-by-a-filamentous-basidiomycete
#9
Kazuya Tone, Ryuichi Fujisaki, Shigehiro Hagiwara, Takashi Tamura, Shinobu Ishigaki, Mohamed Mahdi Alshahni, Makoto Takehisa, Takehiro Watanabe, Takuya Yasui, Takuo Tokairin, Toshiyo Sagawa, Tetsuya Sakamoto, Ken Ito, Kazuyoshi Kuwano, Koichi Makimura
Central nervous system (CNS) infections due to filamentous basidiomycetes are extremely rare. We encountered a case of epidural abscess due to Schizophyllum commune that extended from sinusitis. A 53-year-old Japanese man presented at our hospital with a headache. Computed tomography (CT) of the cranium and sinuses showed ethmoid and sphenoid sinusitis with no intracranial abnormalities. The patient was diagnosed with acute sinusitis and underwent antibiotic treatment. However, the symptoms deteriorated, and the patient came to our hospital again with consciousness disturbance...
November 10, 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125446/suprasellar-and-recurrent-pediatric-craniopharyngiomas-expanding-indications-for-the-extended-endoscopic-transsphenoidal-approach
#10
Andrew F Alalade, Elizabeth Ogando-Rivas, Jerome Boatey, Mark M Souweidane, Vijay K Anand, Jeffrey P Greenfield, Theodore H Schwartz
OBJECTIVE The expanded endonasal endoscopic transsphenoidal approach has become increasingly used for craniopharyngioma surgery in the pediatric population, but questions still persist regarding its utility in younger children, in recurrent and irradiated tumors, and in masses primarily located in the suprasellar region. The narrow corridor, incomplete pneumatization, and fear of hypothalamic injury have traditionally relegated this approach to application in older children with mostly cystic craniopharyngiomas centered in the sella...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122086/endonasal-endoscopic-management-of-frontal-sinus-cerebrospinal-fluid-leak
#11
Javaneh Jahanshahi, Mehdi Zeinalizadeh, Hasan Reza Mohammadi, Seyed Mousa Sadrehosseini
BACKGROUND: A frontal sinus leak is uncommon and is seen in ∼15% of cases of patients with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea. Now, endonasal endoscopic techniques have been reported to reconstruct skull base defects in the frontal sinus with a favorable outcome. OBJECTIVE: To review our experience in the repair of frontal sinus CSF leaks through an endonasal endoscopic approach. METHODS: Twenty-four patients with a frontal sinus leak who underwent endonasal endoscopic repair entered the study...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122085/influence-of-chitosan-based-dressing-on-prevention-of-synechia-and-wound-healing-after-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-a-meta-analysis
#12
Jie Liu, Quan Zeng, Xia Ke, Yucheng Yang, Guohua Hu, Xuan Zhang
INTRODUCTION: Endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) has had many complications, e.g., synechia formation. This meta-analysis investigated the effect of a novel chitosan-based dressing on prevention of synechia and wound healing after ESS. METHODS: We systematically searched various medical literature data bases and included the randomized controlled trials (RCT) regarding the effect of novel chitosan-based dressing on ESS. The study outcomes included synechia, granulations, hemostasis, crusting scores, and infection...
November 4, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122083/biocompatibility-and-pharmacokinetics-of-fluticasone-eluting-sinus-implant-in-a-rabbit-model
#13
Vishal S Patel, Evan Walgama, Alkis Psaltis, Francois Lavigne, Steven D Pletcher, Peter H Hwang
BACKGROUND: A novel, bioabsorbable, fibrinogen-based implant has been developed as a mucosal dressing after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). This implant can be formulated with fluticasone propionate (FP) for local elution of corticosteroid to reduce postoperative inflammation and promote mucosal healing. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the biocompatibility and pharmacokinetics of the implant in a rabbit model. METHODS: Implants with and without FP were placed on both intact and demucosalized maxillary sinuses of 33 New Zealand White rabbits...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122081/gender-specific-differences-in-serum-immunoglobulin-e-levels-and-prevalence-of-fungus-in-sinonasal-tissue-noted-in-patients-with-chronic-rhinosinusitis-who-underwent-endoscopic-sinus-surgery
#14
Antoine Azar, Matthew A Rank, Matthew A Zarka, Yu-Hui Chang, Devyani Lal
BACKGROUND: We previously presented that women with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) who elected endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) have a higher symptom burden than men. Causes of these gender-based differences warranted further study. OBJECTIVES: To study gender differences in another cohort of adult patients with CRS who underwent ESS and to compare key histopathologic and serologic features Methods: Patients with CRS who underwent ESS (from 2011 to 2014) with structured histopathology reports on surgical samples were studied...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114894/lack-of-long-term-add-on-effect-by-montelukast-in-postoperative-chronic-rhinosinusitis-patients-with-nasal-polyps
#15
Laura Van Gerven, Cristobal Langdon, Arturo Cordero, Sara Cardelús, Joaquim Mullol, Isam Alobid
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Eosinophils and mast cells are among the key cells in inflammatory diseases like chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and asthma. Leukotriene antagonists have proven to be effective in the treatment of asthma, but data about their efficacy in CRS are scarce, whereas data on montelukast as an add-on treatment to intranasal corticosteroids (INCS) in a postoperative setting are completely lacking. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, open-label trial...
November 8, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114314/endoscopic-three-surgeon-six-handed-transorbital-transnasal-technique-for-excision-of-juvenile-nasopharygeal-angiofibroma-new-frontier-explored
#16
Trichy Narayanan Janakiram, Palak Parekh, Hanish Haneefa, Sivaswamy Karthik Prasad
Endoscopic endonasal transorbital approach has been described for the removal of orbital lesions located anteromedially in temporal fossa. The same has been observed to be a versatile approach to the anterior and middle cranial fossa only in laboratory studies. This is the first clinical report of combined transorbital transnasal endoscopic approach to the cavernous sinus, superior orbital fissure, and middle cranial fossa in a case of recurrent nasopharyngeal angiofibroma using the three-surgeon six-handed technique...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110635/a-modified-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-a-superficial-hypopharyngeal-cancer-a-case-report-and-technical-discussion
#17
Lianjun Di, Kuang-I Fu, Rui Xie, Xinglong Wu, Youfeng Li, Huichao Wu, Biguang Tuo
BACKGROUND: Adequate working space and a clear view for the dissected lesion are crucial for endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). Pharyngeal ESD requires that an otorhinolaryngologist creates working space by lifting the larynx with a curved laryngoscope. However, many countries do not have this kind of curved laryngoscope, and the devices could interfere with endoscope because of the narrow space of the pharynx. To overcome these issues, we used a transparent hood (Elastic Touch, slit and hole type, M (long), Top company, Tokyo Japan) instead of the curved laryngoscope to create adequate working space by pushing the larynx, and pharyngeal ESD could be done by gastroenterologists...
November 6, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105367/early-experience-with-a-patient-specific-virtual-surgical-simulation-for-rehearsal-of-endoscopic-skull-base-surgery
#18
Tae-Bin Won, Peter Hwang, Jae Hyun Lim, Sung-Woo Cho, Sun Ha Paek, Steven Losorelli, Yona Vaisbuch, Sonny Chan, Kenneth Salisbury, Nikolas H Blevins
BACKGROUND: With the help of contemporary computer technology it is possible to create a virtual surgical environment (VSE) for training. This article describes a patient-specific virtual rhinologic surgical simulation platform that supports rehearsal of endoscopic skull-base surgery. We also share our early experience with select cases. METHODS: A rhinologic VSE was developed, featuring a highly efficient direct 3-dimensional (3D) volume renderer with simultaneous stereoscopic feedback during surgical manipulation of the virtual anatomy, as well as high-fidelity haptic feedback...
November 3, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105347/outcomes-after-complete-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-and-aspirin-desensitization-in-aspirin-exacerbated-respiratory-disease
#19
Nithin D Adappa, Viran J Ranasinghe, Michal Trope, Steven G Brooks, Jordan T Glicksman, Arjun K Parasher, James N Palmer, John V Bosso
BACKGROUND: In this study we assessed patient outcomes after complete endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) and aspirin desensitization for patients with aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD). METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted for patients with aspirin challenge-proven AERD who underwent complete ESS followed by aspirin desensitization. Outcomes assessed included need for revision surgery and quality-of-life measures using the 22-item Sino-Nasal Outcomes Test (SNOT-22)...
November 3, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104660/target-controlled-infusion-of-propofol-and-remifentanil-combined-with-dexmedetomidine-reduces-functional-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-bleeding
#20
Deng-Feng Ding, Li-Fang Wu, Ping Wang, Yuan-Xu Jiang, Yao-Wen Luo, Zhong-Liang Dai, Xue-Ping Zhang, Ya-Li Li
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of target-controlled infusion (TCI) of propofol and remifentanil combined with dexmedetomidine on functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) bleeding and surgical field. 62 patients scheduled to undergo FESS were randomly divided into experimental group (intravenous 0.5 µg kg(-1) h(-1) dexmedetomidine after 0.5 µg kg(-1) bolus within 15 min until the end of surgery) or control group (intravenous saline administration at the same dose). All patients underwent endotracheal intubation under general anesthesia with TCI of propofol and remifentanil for anesthesia induction and maintenance...
November 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
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