keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

population base

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107778/parabolic-variation-in-sexual-selection-intensity-across-the-range-of-a%C3%A2-cold-water-pipefish-implications-for-susceptibility-to-climate-change
#1
Nuno Monteiro, Mário Cunha, Lídia Ferreira, Natividade Vieira, Agostinho Antunes, David Lyons, Adam G Jones
While an understanding of evolutionary processes in shifting environments is vital in the context of rapid ecological change, one of the most potent selective forces, sexual selection, remains curiously unexplored. Variation in sexual selection across a species range, especially across a gradient of temperature regimes, has the potential to provide a window into the possible impacts of climate change on the evolution of mating patterns. Here, we investigated some of the links between temperature and indicators of sexual selection, using a cold-water pipefish as model...
January 20, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107771/a-prospective-study-of-maternal-fetal-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-the-setting-of-cesarean-section-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#2
Margo S Harrison, Omrana Pasha, Sarah Saleem, Sumera Ali, Elwyn Chomba, Waldemar A Carlo, Ana L Garces, Nancy F Krebs, K Michael Hambidge, Shivaprasad S Goudar, Bhala Kodkany, Sangappa Dhaded, Richard J Derman, Archana Patel, Patricia L Hibberd, Fabian Esamai, Edward A Liechty, Janet L Moore, Dennis Wallace, Elizabeth M McClure, Menachem Miodovnik, Marion Koso-Thomas, Jose Belizan, Robert L Goldenberg
Cesarean section (CS) rates are increasing globally with an unclear effect on pregnancy outcomes. The study objective was to quantify maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality in low- and middle-income countries associated with CS compared to vaginal delivery (VD) both within and across sites MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective population-based study including home and facility births in 337,153 women with a VD and 47,308 women with a CS from 2010 to 2015 was performed in Guatemala, India, Kenya, Pakistan, Zambia, and Democratic Republic of Congo...
January 20, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107724/effect-of-sole-or-combined-administration-of-nitrate-and-3-nitro-1-propionic-acid-on-fermentation-and-salmonella-survivability-in-alfalfa-fed-rumen-cultures-in-vitro
#3
Alejandro Castañeda Correa, Julian Trachsel, Heather K Allen, Agustin Corral-Luna, Hector Gutierrez-Bañuelos, Pedro Antonia Ochoa-Garcia, Oscar Ruiz-Barrera, Michael E Hume, Todd R Callaway, Roger B Harvey, Ross C Beier, Robin C Anderson, David J Nisbet
Ruminal methanogenesis is a digestive inefficiency resulting in the loss of dietary energy consumed by the host and contributing to environmental methane emission. Nitrate is being investigated as a feed supplement to reduce rumen methane emissions but safety and efficacy concerns persist. To assess potential synergies of co-administering sub-toxic amounts of nitrate and 3-nitro-1-propionate (NPA) on fermentation and Salmonella survivability with an alfalfa-based diet, ruminal microbes were cultured with additions of 8 or 16mM nitrate, 4 or 12mM NPA or their combinations...
January 12, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107599/the-prevalence-and-impact-of-chronic-neuropathic-pain-on-daily-and-social-life-a-nationwide-study-in-a-japanese-population
#4
S Inoue, T Taguchi, T Yamashita, M Nakamura, T Ushida
BACKGROUND: This study marks the first epidemiological evaluation of the prevalence and burden of chronic neuropathic pain (NeP) in an Asian population. The objective of this nationwide cross-sectional study was to identify the characteristics of individuals with NeP, detect the NeP features that affect their quality of life (QOL), and demonstrate the negative effects of NeP on social and daily living as well as comorbidities including depression, anxiety and sleep disorders. METHODS: We mailed a cross-sectional, population-based epidemiological survey to a random nationwide sample of 10,000 Japanese adults over 20 years old...
January 20, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107585/treatment-and-primary-prevention-in-people-who-inject-drugs-for-chronic-hepatitis-c-infection-is-elimination-possible-in-a-high-prevalence-setting
#5
I Gountas, V Sypsa, O Anagnostou, N K Martin, P Vickerman, E Kafetzopoulos, A Hatzakis
AIMS: To project the impact of scaling up oral antiviral therapy and harm reduction on chronic hepatitis C (CHC) prevalence and incidence among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Greece, to estimate the relationship between required treatment levels and expansion of harm reduction programs to achieve specific targets and to examine whether hepatitis C viruse (HCV) elimination among PWID is possible in this high prevalence setting. DESIGN: A dynamic discrete time, stochastic individual-based model was developed to simulate HCV transmission among PWID incorporating the effect of HCV treatment and harm reduction strategies, and allowing for reinfection following treatment...
January 20, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107517/high-emigration-propensity-and-low-mortality-on-transfer-drives-female-biased-dispersal-of-pyriglena-leucoptera-in-fragmented-landscapes
#6
Marcelo Awade, Carlos Candia-Gallardo, Cintia Cornelius, Jean Paul Metzger
Dispersal is a biological process performed in three stages: emigration, transfer and immigration. Intra-specific variation on dispersal behavior, such as sex-bias, is very common in nature, particularly in birds and mammals. However, dispersal is difficult to measure in the field and many hypotheses concerning the causes of sex-biased dispersal remain without empirical confirmation. An important limitation of most empirical studies is that inferences about sex-biased dispersal are based only on emigration proneness or immigration success data...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107501/childhood-vaccine-acceptance-and-refusal-among-warao-amerindian-caregivers-in-venezuela-a-qualitative-approach
#7
Jochem Burghouts, Berenice Del Nogal, Angimar Uriepero, Peter W M Hermans, Jacobus H de Waard, Lilly M Verhagen
OBJECTIVES: Acceptance of childhood vaccination varies between societies, affecting worldwide vaccination coverage. Low coverage rates are common in indigenous populations where parents often choose not to vaccinate their children. We aimed to gain insight into reasons for vaccine acceptance or rejection among Warao Amerindians in Venezuela. METHODS: Based on records of vaccine acceptance or refusal, in-depth interviews with 20 vaccine-accepting and 11 vaccine-declining caregivers were performed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107488/correction-association-between-ischemic-stroke-and-iron-deficiency-anemia-a-population-based-study
#8
Yen-Liang Chang, Shih-Han Hung, Wells Ling, Herng-Ching Lin, Hsien-Chang Li, Shiu-Dong Chung
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0082952.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107478/correction-high-dose-opioid-prescribing-and-opioid-related-hospitalization-a-population-based-study
#9
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0167479.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107456/social-inequalities-and-depressive-symptoms-in-adults-the-role-of-objective-and-subjective-socioeconomic-status
#10
Jens Hoebel, Ulrike E Maske, Hajo Zeeb, Thomas Lampert
BACKGROUND: There is substantial evidence that lower objective socioeconomic status (SES)-as measured by education, occupation, and income-is associated with a higher risk of depression. Less is known, however, about associations between perceptions of social status and the prevalence of depression. This study investigated associations of both objective SES and subjective social status (SSS) with depressive symptoms among adults in Germany. METHODS: Data were obtained from the 2013 special wave of the German Health Update study, a national health survey of the adult population in Germany...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107447/a-software-tool-for-estimation-of-burden-of-infectious-diseases-in-europe-using-incidence-based-disability-adjusted-life-years
#11
Edoardo Colzani, Alessandro Cassini, Daniel Lewandowski, Marie-Josee J Mangen, Dietrich Plass, Scott A McDonald, Alies van Lier, Juanita A Haagsma, Guido Maringhini, Alessandro Pini, Piotr Kramarz, Mirjam E Kretzschmar
The burden of disease framework facilitates the assessment of the health impact of diseases through the use of summary measures of population health such as Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs). However, calculating, interpreting and communicating the results of studies using this methodology poses a challenge. The aim of the Burden of Communicable Disease in Europe (BCoDE) project is to summarize the impact of communicable disease in the European Union and European Economic Area Member States (EU/EEA MS)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107432/ongoing-speciation-and-gene-flow-between-taxonomically-challenging-trochulus-species-complex-gastropoda-hygromiidae
#12
Małgorzata Proćków, Tomasz Strzała, Elżbieta Kuźnik-Kowalska, Jarosław Proćków, Paweł Mackiewicz
Geographical isolation, selection and genetic drift can cause the geographical diversification of populations and lead to speciation. Land snail species in the genus Trochulus show overlaps in geographical ranges as well as in morphology, but genetic data do not always support the species-level taxonomy based on morphological characters. Such a group offers an excellent opportunity to explore the processes involved. We have addressed the problem by determining the status of the restricted endemic T. graminicola within the larger context of Trochulus taxonomy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107401/how-many-patients-become-functionally-dependent-after-a-stroke-a-3-year-population-based-study-in-joinville-brazil
#13
Lívia Mizuki de Campos, Bruna Mariah Martins, Norberto Luiz Cabral, Selma Cristina Franco, Octávio Marques Pontes-Neto, Suleimy Cristina Mazin, Felipe Ibiapina Dos Reis
The decrease in stroke mortality will increase the burden of survivors with functional dependence (FD). The aim of this study was to evaluate how many patients become functionally dependent over 3 years after an incident event in Joinville, Brazil. The proportion of FD (defined as a modified Rankin score 3 to 5) among stroke survivors from the Joinville Stroke Registry was assessed using a validated telephone interview. Incidence of FD after stroke in Joinville in one year was 23.24 per 100,000 population. The overall proportion of FD among stroke survivors at discharge was 32...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107396/mixfit-methodology-for-computing-ancestry-related-genetic-scores-at-the-individual-level-and-its-application-to-the-estonian-and-finnish-population-studies
#14
Toomas Haller, Liis Leitsalu, Krista Fischer, Marja-Liisa Nuotio, Tõnu Esko, Dorothea Irene Boomsma, Kirsten Ohm Kyvik, Tim D Spector, Markus Perola, Andres Metspalu
Ancestry information at the individual level can be a valuable resource for personalized medicine, medical, demographical and history research, as well as for tracing back personal history. We report a new method for quantitatively determining personal genetic ancestry based on genome-wide data. Numerical ancestry component scores are assigned to individuals based on comparisons with reference populations. These comparisons are conducted with an existing analytical pipeline making use of genotype phasing, similarity matrix computation and our addition-multidimensional best fitting by MixFit...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107382/cross-breeding-is-inevitable-to-conserve-the-highly-inbred-population-of-puffin-hunter-the-norwegian-lundehund
#15
Anne Kettunen, Marc Daverdin, Turid Helfjord, Peer Berg
The Norwegian Lundehund is a highly endangered native dog breed. Low fertility and high frequency predisposition to intestinal disorder imply inbreeding depression. We assessed the genetic diversity of the Lundehund population from pedigree data and evaluated the potential of optimal contribution selection and cross-breeding in the long-term management of the Lundehund population. The current Norwegian Lundehund population is highly inbred and has lost 38.8% of the genetic diversity in the base population. Effective population size estimates varied between 13 and 82 depending on the method used...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107350/maternal-and-newborn-health-in-karnataka-state-india-the-community-level-interventions-for-pre-eclampsia-clip-trial-s-baseline-study-results
#16
Mrutynjaya B Bellad, Marianne Vidler, Narayan V Honnungar, Ashalata Mallapur, Umesh Ramadurg, Umesh Charanthimath, Geetanjali Katageri, Shashidhar Bannale, Avinash Kavi, Chandrashekhar Karadiguddi, Sumedha Sharma, Tang Lee, Jing Li, Beth Payne, Laura Magee, Peter von Dadelszen, Richard Derman, Shivaprasad S Goudar
Existing vital health statistics registries in India have been unable to provide reliable estimates of maternal and newborn mortality and morbidity, and region-specific health estimates are essential to the planning and monitoring of health interventions. This study was designed to assess baseline rates as the precursor to a community-based cluster randomized control trial (cRCT)-Community Level Interventions for Pre-eclampsia (CLIP) Trial (NCT01911494; CTRI/2014/01/004352). The objective was to describe baseline demographics and health outcomes prior to initiation of the CLIP trial and to improve knowledge of population-level health, in particular of maternal and neonatal outcomes related to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, in northern districts the state of Karnataka, India...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107347/whole-genome-amplification-and-reduced-representation-genome-sequencing-of-schistosoma-japonicum-miracidia
#17
Jonathan A Shortt, Daren C Card, Drew R Schield, Yang Liu, Bo Zhong, Todd A Castoe, Elizabeth J Carlton, David D Pollock
BACKGROUND: In areas where schistosomiasis control programs have been implemented, morbidity and prevalence have been greatly reduced. However, to sustain these reductions and move towards interruption of transmission, new tools for disease surveillance are needed. Genomic methods have the potential to help trace the sources of new infections, and allow us to monitor drug resistance. Large-scale genotyping efforts for schistosome species have been hindered by cost, limited numbers of established target loci, and the small amount of DNA obtained from miracidia, the life stage most readily acquired from humans...
January 20, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107341/complex-dynamics-of-virus-spread-from-low-infection-multiplicities-implications-for-the-spread-of-oncolytic-viruses
#18
Ignacio A Rodriguez-Brenes, Andrew Hofacre, Hung Fan, Dominik Wodarz
While virus growth dynamics have been well-characterized in several infections, data are typically collected once the virus population becomes easily detectable. Earlier dynamics, however, remain less understood. We recently reported unusual early dynamics in an experimental system using adenovirus infection of human embryonic kidney (293) cells. Under identical experimental conditions, inoculation at low infection multiplicities resulted in either robust spread, or in limited spread that eventually stalled, with both outcomes occurring with approximately equal frequencies...
January 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107311/performance-of-international-classification-of-diseases-based-injury-severity-measures-used-to-predict-in-hospital-mortality-and-intensive-care-admission-among-traumatic-brain-injured-patients
#19
Mathieu Gagné, Lynne Moore, Marie-Josée Sirois, Marc Simard, Claudia Beaudoin, Brice Lionel Batomen Kuimi
BACKGROUND: The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) is the main classification system used for population-based traumatic brain injury (TBI) surveillance activities but does not contain direct information on injury severity. International Classification of Diseases-based injury severity measures can be empirically derived or mapped to the Abbreviated Injury Scale, but no single approach has been formally recommended for TBI. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of different ICD-based injury severity measures for predicting in-hospital mortality and intensive care unit (ICU) admission in TBI patients...
February 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107295/healthcare-transformation-and-changing-roles-for-nursing
#20
Susan W Salmond, Mercedes Echevarria
Factors driving healthcare transformation include fragmentation, access problems, unsustainable costs, suboptimal outcomes, and disparities. Cost and quality concerns along with changing social and disease-type demographics created the greatest urgency for the need for change. Caring for and paying for medical treatments for patients suffering from chronic health conditions are a significant concern. The Affordable Care Act includes programs now led by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services aiming to improve quality and control cost...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
keyword
keyword
25456
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"