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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166727/-analysis-on-the-trends-in-mortality-following-acute-myocardial-infarction-from-1999-to-2015-in-tianjin-of-china
#1
D Z Wang, H Zhang, Z L Xu, Y Zhang, G D Song, X D Xue, C Wang, G H Jiang
Objective: To explore the trends change in mortality following acute myocardial infarction (AMI) from 1999 to 2015 in Tianjin, China. Methods: AMI mortality data from 1999 to 2015 were obtained from Tianjin population based mortality surveillance system operated by the Tianjin Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and population data of permanent residents were obtained from Tianjin Municipal Public Security Bureau. The trends change and affecting factors including gender, age, and geographic distribution on mortality following AMI were analyzed...
November 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166704/the-prevalence-and-causes-of-visual-impairment-in-seven-year-old-children
#2
Soraya Ghaderi, Hassan Hashemi, Ebrahim Jafarzadehpur, Abbasali Yekta, Hadi Ostadimoghaddam, Ali Mirzajani, Mehdi Khabazkhoob
BACKGROUND: To report the prevalence and causes of visual impairment in seven-year-old children in Iran and its relationship with socio-economic conditions. METHODS: In a cross-sectional population-based study, first-grade students in the primary schools of eight cities in the country were randomly selected from different geographic locations using multistage cluster sampling. The examinations included visual acuity measurement, ocular motility evaluation, and cycloplegic and non-cycloplegic refraction...
November 22, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166672/increased-risk-of-dementia-following-herpes-zoster-ophthalmicus
#3
Ming-Chieh Tsai, Wan-Ling Cheng, Jau-Jiuan Sheu, Chung-Chien Huang, Ben-Chang Shia, Li-Ting Kao, Herng-Ching Lin
This retrospective cohort study aimed to examine the relationship between herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO) and the subsequent risk of dementia using a population-based database. We retrieved the study sample from the Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2005. The study group included 846 patients with HZO, and the comparison group included 2538 patients without HZO. Each patient was individually followed for a 5-year period to identify those patients who subsequently received a diagnosis of dementia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166665/meditation-experts-try-virtual-reality-mindfulness-a-pilot-study-evaluation-of-the-feasibility-and-acceptability-of-virtual-reality-to-facilitate-mindfulness-practice-in-people-attending-a-mindfulness-conference
#4
María V Navarro-Haro, Yolanda López-Del-Hoyo, Daniel Campos, Marsha M Linehan, Hunter G Hoffman, Azucena García-Palacios, Marta Modrego-Alarcón, Luis Borao, Javier García-Campayo
Regular mindfulness practice benefits people both mentally and physically, but many populations who could benefit do not practice mindfulness. Virtual Reality (VR) is a new technology that helps capture participants' attention and gives users the illusion of "being there" in the 3D computer generated environment, facilitating sense of presence. By limiting distractions from the real world, increasing sense of presence and giving people an interesting place to go to practice mindfulness, Virtual Reality may facilitate mindfulness practice...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166545/occurrence-of-primarily-noninducible-atrioventricular-nodal-reentry-tachycardia-after-radiofrequency-delivery-in-the-slow-pathway-region-during-empirical-slow-pathway-modulation
#5
Felix Konrad Wegner, Nils Bögeholz, Patrick Leitz, Gerrit Frommeyer, Dirk Georg Dechering, Simon Kochhäuser, Philipp Sebastian Lange, Julia Köbe, Kristina Wasmer, Gerold Mönnig, Lars Eckardt, Christian Pott
BACKGROUND: The first-line therapy for atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia (AVNRT) is catheter-based slow pathway modulation. If AVNRT is not inducible during an electrophysiological study, an empirical slow pathway modulation (ESPM) may be considered in patients with dual atrioventricular nodal physiology and/or a typical electrocardiogram (ECG). METHODS: We screened 149 symptomatic patients who underwent ESPM in our department between 1993 and 2013. All patients fulfilled the following criteria: (1) either dual atrioventricular nodal (AVN) physiology with up to 2 AVN echo beats or characteristic ECG documentation or both, (2) noninducibility of AVNRT by programmed stimulation, and (3) completion of a telephone questionnaire for long-term follow-up...
November 22, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166496/recurrent-aphthous-stomatitis-in-18-year-old-adolescents-prevalence-and-associated-factors-a-population-based-study
#6
Paulo Ricardo Martins de Souza, Rodrigo Pereira Duquia, Juliano de Avelar Breunig, Hiram Larangeira de Almeida
BACKGROUND: Recurrent aphthous stomatitis is a painful disorder of unknown etiology. It is among the most common oral mucosal lesions with high prevalence among young adults. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a population-based study with 18-year-old army recruiters to assess its prevalence and associated factors in male adolescents. METHODS: Interview during clinical examination in the army. RESULTS: In this group (2,427 interviewed adolescents) there was a RAS prevalence of 24...
September 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166482/abortion-and-sex-related-conditions-in-substance-dependent-brazilian-patients
#7
Alessandra Diehl, Sandra Cristina Pillon, Manoel Antonio Dos Santos, Ronaldo Laranjeira
Abortion is a very sensitive issue with relevance to public health; however few clinical or population-based studies have examined induced abortion among drug users. The study aims to evaluate the prevalence of induced abortion and sex-related conditions in an inpatient drug user sample. A cross-sectional design study was conducted in an inpatient addiction treatment unit in São Paulo, Brazil, with a sample of 616 patients, aged 18-75. Sociodemographic data, sexual behavior, and dependence severity were evaluated in relation to induced abortion...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166447/prevalence-and-clinical-profile-of-chronic-pain-and-its-association-with-mental-disorders
#8
Flávia Garcia Pereira, Mariane Henriques França, Maria Cristina Alochio de Paiva, Laura Helena Andrade, Maria Carmen Viana
OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence of 12-month self-reported pain and chronic pain in a general population and to describe their clinical profile to assess if chronic pain is associated with 12-month mental disorders. METHODS: The data used comes from the São Paulo Megacity Mental Health Survey, a population-based study assessing adult (≥ 18 years) residents of the São Paulo metropolitan area, Brazil. We have assessed the respondents (n = 5,037) using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI 3...
November 17, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166443/epifloripa-aging-cohort-study-methods-operational-aspects-and-follow-up-strategies
#9
Ione Jayce Ceola Schneider, Susana Cararo Confortin, Carla de Oliveira Bernardo, Carolina Carvalho Bolsoni, Danielle Ledur Antes, Karine Gonçalves Pereira, Lariane Mortean Ono, Larissa Pruner Marques, Lucélia Justino Borges, Maruí Weber Corseuil Giehl, Rodrigo de Rosso Krug, Vanessa Fernanda Goes, Alexandra Crispim Boing, Antônio Fernando Boing, Eleonora d'Orsi
OBJECTIVE: To describe the sample plan, operational aspects, and strategies used in the 2009/2010 and 2013/2014 EpiFloripa Aging Study. METHODS: The EpiFloripa Aging is a population-based longitudinal study with 1,705 older adults (60 years or more) living in the municipality of Florianópolis, State of Santa Catarina, Brazil, in 2009/2010 (baseline). The research was conducted with a face-to-face interviews, organized into blocks of identification, socioeconomic, mental health, health and life habits, global functionality, falls, physical activity, morbidities, use of health services, use of medications, food, oral health, and violence, evaluated in the first (2009/2010) and in the second wave (2013/2014)...
2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166413/comprehensive-molecular-profiling-of-718-multiple-myelomas-reveals-significant-differences-in-mutation-frequencies-between-african-and-european-descent-cases
#10
Zarko Manojlovic, Austin Christofferson, Winnie S Liang, Jessica Aldrich, Megan Washington, Shukmei Wong, Daniel Rohrer, Scott Jewell, Rick A Kittles, Mary Derome, Daniel Auclair, David Wesley Craig, Jonathan Keats, John D Carpten
Multiple Myeloma (MM) is a plasma cell malignancy with significantly greater incidence and mortality rates among African Americans (AA) compared to Caucasians (CA). The overall goal of this study is to elucidate differences in molecular alterations in MM as a function of self-reported race and genetic ancestry. Our study utilized somatic whole exome, RNA-sequencing, and correlated clinical data from 718 MM patients from the Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation CoMMpass study Interim Analysis 9. Somatic mutational analyses based upon self-reported race corrected for ancestry revealed significant differences in mutation frequency between groups...
November 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166363/progress-toward-poliomyelitis-eradication-pakistan-january-2016-september-2017
#11
Youness Elhamidi, Abdirahman Mahamud, Muhammad Safdar, Wasan Al Tamimi, Jaume Jorba, Chukwuma Mbaeyi, Christopher H Hsu, Zubair Wadood, Salmaan Sharif, Derek Ehrhardt
In 1988, the World Health Assembly launched the Global Polio Eradication Initiative. Among the three wild poliovirus serotypes, only wild poliovirus (WPV) type 1 (WPV1) has been detected since 2012. Since 2014, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Nigeria remain the only countries with continuing endemic WPV1 transmission. This report describes activities conducted and progress made toward the eradication of poliovirus in Pakistan during January 2016-July 2017 and provides an update to previous reports (1,2). In 2016, Pakistan reported 20 WPV1 cases, a 63% decrease compared with 54 cases in 2015 (3)...
November 24, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166300/effect-of-age-on-high-t1-signal-intensity-of-the-dentate-nucleus-and-globus-pallidus-in-a-large-population-exposed-to-gadodiamide
#12
Carlo Cosimo Quattrocchi, Yuri Errante, Carlo Augusto Mallio, Luca Marinelli, Gianguido LoVullo, Gabriele Giannotti, Sabino Walter Della Sala, Aart J van der Molen, Bruno Beomonte Zobel
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of age and number of previous injections of gadodiamide on the signal intensity of unenhanced T1-weighted (T1w) images of the dentate nucleus and globus pallidus in a large population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A large, single-center retrospective population survey was designed and received institutional review board approval. Between January 2014 and December 2014, T1w signal intensity ratios were obtained from a large population of 2500 consecutive enhanced brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans...
November 21, 2017: Investigative Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166287/assessment-of-genomic-inbreeding-in-polish-konik-horses
#13
S Kamiński, D M Hering, Z Jaworski, T Zabolewicz, A Ruść
The aim of this study was to assess the inbreeding coefficient of Polish Konik horses based on runs of homozygosity (ROH). Ninety six horses kept in 6 herds located across Poland were genotyped with the use of EquineSNP60 BeadChip (Illumina). SNP markers with a Minor Allele Frequency lower than 0.01 and SNPs assigned to chromosome X or Y were excluded from the study. A total of 50 708 SNPs were included for statistical analysis (SVS software, Golden Helix). The analysis showed that the population is in genetic equilibrium, with He and Ho estimates both equal to 0...
September 26, 2017: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166249/qualitative-exploration-of-cross-sector-perspectives-on-the-contributions-of-local-health-departments-in-land-use-and-transportation-policy
#14
Meera Sreedhara, Karin Valentine Goins, Semra A Aytur, Rodney Lyn, Jay E Maddock, Robin Riessman, Thomas L Schmid, Heather Wooten, Stephenie C Lemon
INTRODUCTION: Transportation and land-use policies can affect the physical activity of populations. Local health departments (LHDs) are encouraged to participate in built-environment policy processes, which are outside their traditional expertise. Cross-sector collaborations are needed, yet stakeholders' perceptions of LHD involvement are not well understood. The objective of this study was to describe the perceived value of LHD participation in transportation and land-use decision making and potential contributions to these processes among stakeholders...
November 22, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166226/the-origins-of-fears-of-compassion-shame-and-lack-of-safeness-memories-fears-of-compassion-and-psychopathology
#15
Marcela Matos, Joana Duarte, José Pinto-Gouveia
Empirical and clinical research suggests that some individuals find self-generating compassion and receiving compassion from others difficult and aversive. However, it is unclear how these fears of compassion are linked to early experiences and to psychopathological symptoms. This study explores the relationship between shame traumatic memories, centrality of shame memories, early memories of warmth and safeness, fears of compassion, and depression, anxiety and paranoid symptoms. Participants were 302 individuals from the general community population, who completed self-report measures of fears of compassion, shame memories, early affiliative memories, and psychopathology...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166162/stochastic-evolutionary-demography-under-a-fluctuating-optimum-phenotype
#16
Luis-Miguel Chevin, Olivier Cotto, Jaime Ashander
Many natural populations exhibit temporal fluctuations in abundance that are consistent with external forcing by a randomly changing environment. As fitness emerges from an interaction between the phenotype and the environment, such demographic fluctuations probably include a substantial contribution from fluctuating phenotypic selection. We study the stochastic population dynamics of a population exposed to random (plus possibly directional) changes in the optimum phenotype for a quantitative trait that evolves in response to this moving optimum...
December 2017: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166141/adherence-to-the-wcrf-aicr-for-women-in-breast-cancer-adjuvant-treatment-submitted-to-educational-nutritional-intervention
#17
Sheyla de Liz, Francilene Gracieli Kunradi Vieira, Maria Alice Altenburg de Assis, Alyne Lizane Cardoso, Clarice Perucchi Lopes Pazini, Patricia Faria Di Pietro
Patients undergoing breast cancer treatment are susceptible to changes in eating behavior and nutrition status, thus making nutrition education relevant. Based on the World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) guide, with recommendations for cancer prevention released in 2007, the present study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of educational nutritional intervention for women with breast cancer undergoing treatment while adhering to the 2007 WCRF/AICR guidelines. A nonrandomized clinical trial was conducted with a population composed of female patients, divided in intervention (IG, n = 18) and comparison (CG, n = 68) groups...
November 22, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166106/nodeless-vibrational-amplitudes-and-quantum-nonadiabatic-dynamics-in-the-nested-funnel-for-a-pseudo-jahn-teller-molecule-or-homodimer
#18
William K Peters, Vivek Tiwari, David M Jonas
The nonadiabatic states and dynamics are investigated for a linear vibronic coupling Hamiltonian with a static electronic splitting and weak off-diagonal Jahn-Teller coupling through a single vibration with a vibrational-electronic resonance. With a transformation of the electronic basis, this Hamiltonian is also applicable to the anti-correlated vibration in a symmetric homodimer with marginally strong constant off-diagonal coupling, where the non-adiabatic states and dynamics model electronic excitation energy transfer or self-exchange electron transfer...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166059/qm-mm-nonadiabatic-dynamics-simulations-on-photoinduced-wolff-rearrangements-of-1-2-3-thiadiazole
#19
Xiang-Yang Liu, Ye-Guang Fang, Bin-Bin Xie, Wei-Hai Fang, Ganglong Cui
The photoinduced rearrangement reaction mechanism of 1,2,3-thiadiazole remains experimentally elusive. Two possible mechanisms have been proposed to date. The first is a stepwise mechanism via a thiocarbene intermediate; the second is an excited-state concerted rearrangement mechanism. Herein we have adopted both the electronic structure calculations and nonadiabatic dynamics simulations to study the photoinduced rearrangement reactions of 1,2,3-thiadiazole in the S2, S1, and S0 states in solution. On the basis of QM(CASPT2)/MM [quantum mechanics(complete active space self-consistent field second-order perturbation theory)/molecular mechanics] calculations, we have found that (1) the thiocarbene intermediate is not stable; thus, the stepwise mechanism should be unfavorable; (2) the excited-state decay from the S2 via S1 to S0 state is ultrafast and completed within ca...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165957/inpatient-dialysis-unit-project-development-redesigning-acute-hemodialysis-care
#20
Jennifer Day
Executive leaders of an acute care hospital performed a market and financial analysis, and created a business plan to establish an inpatient hemodialysis unit operated by the hospital to provide safe, high-quality, evidence-based care to the population of individuals experiencing end stage renal disease (ESRD) within the community. The business plan included a SWOT (Strengths - Weaknesses - Opportunities - Threats) analysis to assess advantages of the hospital providing inpatient hemodialysis services versus outsourcing the services with a contracted agency...
May 2017: Nephrology Nursing Journal: Journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association
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