keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

cross sectional

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169229/novel-vertebral-indices-in-normal-and-spinal-disorder-dogs-using-computed-tomography
#1
Jongsu Lim, Youngmin Yoon, Taesung Hwang, Hee Chun Lee
This study was carried out to derive reference value of normal spine indices, and to evaluate the feasibility of the indices for computed tomography (CT). CT images and magnetic resonance imaging were acquired from clinically normal 12 beagle dogs for normal group and 50 dogs with 56 spinal disorders for patient group. Image acquisition regions were cervical spine (C2 to T1), thoracic spine (T1-T13) and lumbar spine (L1-L7). The measured indices are as follows; the ratio of width to height of spinal cord include dura matter (CR) and vertebral foramen (FR), and the ratio of cross sectional area of spinal cord to vertebral foramen (CFAR)...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169122/ptsd-with-and-without-dissociation-in-young-children-exposed-to-interpersonal-trauma
#2
Melissa J Hagan, Miya Gentry, Chandra Ghosh Ippen, Alicia F Lieberman
BACKGROUND: A Dissociative Subtype of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) was added to the DSM-5, but little is known about this symptom pattern in young children exposed to trauma. Tailoring treatment to traumatized young children requires understanding the different patterns of trauma-related symptomatology and important correlates. The current study tested the hypothesis that type and number of child traumatic events, caregiver trauma exposure, and caregiver symptomatology would predict whether traumatized young children presented with PTSD, PTSD with clinical dissociation, or non-clinical trauma symptoms...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169121/perceptions-of-firearms-and-suicide-the-role-of-misinformation-in-storage-practices-and-openness-to-means-safety-measures
#3
Michael D Anestis, Sarah E Butterworth, Claire Houtsma
BACKGROUND: Firearm ownership and unsafe storage increase risk for suicide. Little is known regarding factors that influence storage practices and willingness to engage in means safety. METHODS: Utilizing Amazon's Mechanical Turk program, we recruited an online sample of 300 adults living in the US who own at least one firearm. Firearm storage practices and openness to means safety measures were assessed using items designed for this study. Data were collected and analyzed in 2017...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169096/neuromuscular-compensatory-strategies-at-the-trunk-and-lower-limb-are-not-resolved-following-an-acl-reconstruction
#4
Grant Boggess, Kristin Morgan, Darren Johnson, Mary Lloyd Ireland, Jeffrey A Reinbolt, Brian Noehren
BACKGROUND: Following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), patients present with greater trunk ipsilateral lean, which may affect knee kinetics and increase re-injury risk. However, there has been little research into neuromuscular factors controlling the trunk and their relation to the knee between healthy and ACLR subjects. This is critical to establish in order to develop more directed and effective interventions. HYPOTHESIS: As compared to healthy control subjects, ACLR subjects will demonstrate increased erector spinae and rectus abdominis co-contraction, greater rectus abdominis force and greater hamstring force that is correlated to increased forward trunk lean...
November 13, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169075/maternal-intention-to-exclusively-breast-feed-among-mainland-chinese-mothers-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Xiao Yang, Wan-Yim Ip, Ling-Ling Gao
OBJECTIVE: to examine postpartum maternal recall of their intentions to exclusively breast feed among breastfeeding women and identify its predictors. DESIGN AND SETTING: a cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in a regional teaching hospital at Guangzhou, China between April 1 and July 14, 2014. PARTICIPANTS: 571 mothers who were within four days after delivery were recruited to the study. MEASUREMENTS: data were collected by four research assistants with maternal intention to breast feed data sheet, the Network Support for Breastfeeding Scale (NSBS), and a socio-demographic data sheet...
November 10, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169074/flow-stagnation-volume-and-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-growth-insights-from-patient-specific-computational-flow-dynamics-of-lagrangian-coherent-structures
#6
Florian Joly, Gilles Soulez, Damien Garcia, Simon Lessard, Claude Kauffmann
Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) are localized, commonly-occurring dilations of the aorta. When equilibrium between blood pressure (loading) and wall mechanical resistance is lost, rupture ensues, and patient death follows, if not treated immediately. Experimental and numerical analyses of flow patterns in arteries show direct correlations between wall shear stress and wall mechano-adaptation with the development of zones prone to thrombus formation. For further insights into AAA flow topology/growth interaction, a workout of patient-specific computational flow dynamics (CFD) is proposed to compute finite-time Lyapunov exponents and extract Lagrangian-coherent structures (LCS)...
November 6, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169073/difficulty-of-confining-recalcitrant-tuberculosis-patients-in-isolation-wards-in-japan-2013-2014
#7
Y Nagata, M Ota, E Saito
OBJECTIVES: In Japan, approximately 7000 smear-positive tuberculosis (TB) cases were reported in 2014. According to the law, such patients must be isolated in a TB ward until they become at least sputum smear-negative. However, there are some recalcitrant patients who are difficult to isolate because of problematic behaviors. This study was conducted to characterize recalcitrant TB patients and determine why they left the hospitals and how they were followed up after they left. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
November 20, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169067/the-role-of-personal-resilience-and-personality-traits-of-healthcare-students-on-their-attitudes-towards-interprofessional-collaboration
#8
Michal Avrech Bar, Michal Katz Leurer, Sigalit Warshawski, Michal Itzhaki
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional collaboration (IPC) improves communication between healthcare workers and healthcare delivery. Interprofessional education (IPE) is essential in preparing healthcare students for cooperating with other healthcare disciplines in a real work setting. Although higher education settings have a responsibility to provide collaborative healthcare practice to students, IPE has not yet been prompted worldwide as a formal division in health professional education and in Israel IPE among health professions students is scarce...
November 15, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169061/measurement-of-cross-sections-for-14mev-neutron-interaction-with-175-lu
#9
Zhengwei Zhang, Qian Zhang, Shihong Chen, Bingjun Chen, Qiang Wang, Caifeng Lai, Kaihong Fang
The cross-sections for 14MeV neutron interaction with (175)Lu were precisely measured by the neutron activation and off-line gamma ray technique. The neutron fluence was monitored by the accompanying α-particle of the T(d,n)α reaction, and the neutron energies were determined by using the cross-section ratio method of (90)Zr(n,2n)(89)Zr to (93)Nb(n,2n)(92m)Nb reactions. As a result, the cross-sections of (175)Lu(n,2n)(174m)Lu, (175)Lu(n,2n)(174g)Lu, (175)Lu(n,p)(175m+g)Yb and (175)Lu(n,α)(172)Tm reactions have been deduced at En = 14...
November 14, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169035/do-law-enforcement-interactions-reduce-the-initiation-of-injection-drug-use-an-investigation-in-three-north-american-settings
#10
J S Melo, R S Garfein, K Hayashi, M J Milloy, K DeBeck, S Sun, S Jain, S A Strathdee, D Werb
BACKGROUND: The prevention of drug injecting is often cited as a justification for the deployment of law enforcement and for the continuation of drug criminalization policies. We sought to characterize the impact of law enforcement interactions on the risk that people who inject drugs (PWID) report assisting others with injection initiation in three North American countries. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from PWID participating in cohort studies in three cities (San Diego, USA; Tijuana, Mexico; Vancouver, Canada) were pooled (August 2014-December 2016)...
November 16, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169031/visceral-fat-index-percentage-body-fat-ratio-is-independently-associated-with-proximal-aortic-dilatation-in-a-middle-aged-and-aged-chinese-population-in-liujiang-of-guangxi
#11
Zhiyuan Jiang, Baojing Lin, Tangwei Liu, Shiyun Qin, Shan Huang, Shuang Shao, Shuo Li, Rongjie Huang, Jiangnan Huang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Increased volume of visceral adipose tissue is associated with worsening of cardiovascular disease risk factors that contribute to aortic dilatation. We investigated the effects of visceral fat index (VFI) and VFI/percentage body fat (PBF) ratio on proximal aortic size and proximal aortic dilatation (PAD), to assess whether excess visceral fat deposition is an independent risk factor for PAD. METHODS: 738 participants aged 35 years or more were included in this cross-sectional survey...
November 11, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168999/investigating-the-perceived-benefits-barriers-and-beliefs-towards-physical-activity-in-pregnancy-among-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#12
C Hurst, C Flannery, M Byrne, P M Kearney, F Dunne, M O'Riordan, J C Walsh
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is a growing concern and poses serious health risks to both mother and child1. The current study explores the psychological determinants of exercise behaviour in a sample of pregnant women with GDM. A cross-sectional survey design was employed to examine exercise behaviour, illness perceptions, perceived barriers and benefits, exercise beliefs, and exercise self-efficacy using validated questionnaires. A sample of 46 pregnant women was recruited from University College Hospital Galway, Letterkenny General Hospital, Cork University Hospital and Mayo General Hospital in Castlebar...
August 12, 2017: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168987/independent-predictors-of-effective-blood-pressure-control-in-patients-with-hypertension-on-drug-treatment-in-brazil
#13
Francisco Flavio Costa Filho, Ari Timerman, Jose Francisco Kerr Saraiva, Carlos Costa Magalhaes, Ibraim Masciarelli F Pinto, Gustavo B F Oliveira, Antonio Cordeiro Mattos, Alvaro Avezum
Population assessment of effective blood pressure (BP) control is fundamental for reducing the global burden of hypertension, especially in low- and middle-income countries. The authors evaluated the effectiveness of BP control and determined independent predictors associated with effective control among patients with hypertension on drug treatment in a large cross-sectional study performed in two metropolitan areas in Brazil's southeast region. A total of 43 647 patients taking antihypertensive treatment were identified...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168974/heeadsss-up-pediatric-residents-confidence-and-practice-in-adolescent-health-care-before-and-after-mandatory-adolescent-medicine-rotations-in-thailand
#14
Rosawan S Areemit, Boonying Manaboriboon, Supinya In-Iw, Jiraporn Arunakul, Wirote Areekul
Background The field of adolescent medicine is an emerging area of specialization in Thailand. Adolescent medicine was made a mandatory rotation in general pediatric residency training programs for the class of 2013. Objective This study aims to explore the difference in pediatric residents' confidence and the frequency in providing aspects of care to adolescents. Subjects Participants included two groups of pediatric residents; the former curriculum group (FCG) in 2012 and the mandatory curriculum group (MCG) in 2015...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168972/experience-of-violence-amongst-female-medical-and-nursing-students-and-their-perception-regarding-violence-against-women-in-delhi-india
#15
Nitika Gautam, Tanu Anand, Jugal Kishore, Shekhar Grover
Background Health care providers are often the first point of contact for the victims of violence against women (VAW). Therefore, it is important to understand their perception about VAW. Objective To assess the proportion of female medical students who experienced violence, and elicit their perception regarding the same. Methods It was a cross-sectional study undertaken among 50 medical and 50 nursing students of a medical college in Central Delhi. A self-administered, questionnaire was used for data collection...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168971/self-perceived-psychosocial-impact-of-dental-aesthetics-among-young-adults-a-cross-sectional-questionnaire-study
#16
Kuracha Chakradhar, Dolar Doshi, Suhas Kulkarni, Bandari Srikanth Reddy, Sahithi Reddy, Adepu Srilatha
Background Oral health is not merely the absence of oral disease and dysfunction, but also influences the subject's social life and dento-facial self confidence. Objective To assess and correlate self perceived psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics among young adults based on gender. Subjects A convenience sample of Young adults of degree college in the age group of 18-23 years of Hyderabad city, India. Method Self perceived psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics was assessed using the psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics questionnaire (PIDAQ)...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168968/cross-sectional-comparison-of-age-related-changes-in-the-quadriceps-femoris-in-japanese-basketball-players
#17
Yuta Sekine, Norikazu Hirose
Background This study examines age-related changes in the quadriceps femoris (QF), subdivided into the vastus medialis oblique (VMO), vastus medialis (VM), rectus femoris (RF), vastus intermedius (VI) and vastus lateralis (VL) in basketball players. Subjects Seventy male basketball players were divided into four groups according to age (12-13, 14-15, 16-17, and 18-20 years). Methods Ultrasonography was used to measure muscle architecture of the VMO, VM, RF, VI and VL. We created cubic approximate expressions and calculated inflexion points to evaluate peak growth age of each muscle head...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168964/using-theory-of-planned-behavior-for-prediction-of-delivery-mode-among-pregnant-women-a-theory-based-cross-sectional-research
#18
Mohtasham Ghaffari, Atefeh Afshari, Sakineh Rakhshanderou, Bahram Armoon
Background Nowadays, in Iran cesarean rates have increased from the recommended level of the World Health Organization (WHO). Objectives The objective of the present study was to determine which theory of planned behavior (TPB) constructs predict intentions and delivery mode among pregnant women. Methods One hundred and four pregnant nulliparous women in their third trimesters of pregnancy referred to Semirom health care centers were investigated based on census reports. The data were collected by valid and reliable questionnaire based on the TPB constructs and analyzed by SPSS16...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168958/relationships-between-physical-activity-food-choices-gender-and-bmi-in-southern-californian-teenagers
#19
Jaclyn B Gaylis, Susan S Levy, Shiloah Kviatkovsky, Rebecca DeHamer, Mee Young Hong
Given the increased prevalence of pediatric obesity and risk of developing chronic disease, there has been great interest in preventing these conditions during childhood by focusing on healthy lifestyle habits, including nutritious eating and physical activity (PA). The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between PA, body mass index (BMI) and food choices in adolescent males and females. This cross-sectional study, using a survey questionnaire, evaluated 1212 Southern Californian adolescents' self-reported PA, BMI and food frequency...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168904/apoe-thought-disorder-and-spare-ad-predict-cognitive-decline-in-established-parkinson-s-disease
#20
Thomas F Tropea, Sharon X Xie, Jacqueline Rick, Lana M Chahine, Nabila Dahodwala, Jimit Doshi, Christos Davatzikos, Leslie M Shaw, Vivianna Van Deerlin, John Q Trojanowski, Daniel Weintraub, Alice S Chen-Plotkin
BACKGROUND: People with PD are at high risk of developing cognitive impairment and dementia. Cross-sectional studies have identified candidate biomarkers associated with cognitive decline. However, longitudinal studies on this topic are rarer, and few have investigated the use of biomarker panels encompassing multiple modalities. The objective of this study was to find baseline predictors of cognitive decline in longitudinally followed, nondemented Parkinson's disease patients. METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study of 100 PD patients with a median disease duration of 6...
November 23, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
keyword
keyword
25455
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"