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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103600/indicators-of-adiposity-predictors-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-the-elderly
#1
Carolina Cunha de Oliveira, Anna Karla C Roriz, Lilian B Ramos, Mansueto Gomes Neto
BACKGROUND: Adiposity indicators can be used as predictors of cardiovascular risk in the elderly. However, there are only a very few studies that deal with the accuracy of adiposity indicators as predictors of metabolic syndrome (MS) in the elderly. We evaluated the performance of adiposity indicators of MS prediction in the elderly. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with 203 elderly people of both genders. VARIABLES: MS defined by harmonized criteria, waist circumference (WC), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), conicity index (CI), lipid accumulation product (LAP), and visceral adiposity index (VAI)...
January 20, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103594/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-prevalence-and-correlates-pre-and-post-bariatric-surgery-a-comparative-cross-sectional-study
#2
Friedrich Nielsen, Ekaterini Georgiadou, Merle Bartsch, Svenja Langenberg, Astrid Müller, Martina de Zwaan
OBJECTIVE: Previous research shows an association between obesity and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The present study compares pre- and post-bariatric surgery patients using the internationally used Conners' Adult ADHD Rating Scale (CAARS™) to screen for ADHD. METHODS: Matched samples pre- (N = 120) and post-bariatric surgery (N = 128) were compared using self-rating instruments to assess ADHD-relevant symptomatology, depression, eating-related psychopathology, and BMI...
January 20, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103532/timing-of-anticoagulant-re-initiation-following-intracerebral-hemorrhage-in-mechanical-heart-valves-survey-of-neurosurgeons-and-thrombosis-experts
#3
Fahad AlKherayf, Yan Xu, Harrison Westwick, Ioana Doina Moldovan, Philip S Wells
BACKGROUND: While oral anticoagulation (OAC) is universally indicated for patients with mechanical heart valves (MHVs), OAC resumption following anticoagulant-associated intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is an area of uncertainty. We sought to determine the practice preferences of North American neurosurgeons and thrombosis experts on optimal timing of OAC re-initiation. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was disseminated to North American members of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons and the International Society for Thrombosis and Haemostasis...
January 16, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103394/measuring-patient-engagement-which-health-care-engagement-behaviors-are-important-to-patients
#4
Huey-Ming Tzeng, James Marcus Pierson
AIM(S): This study identified patient health care engagement behaviors that are important to community-dwelling adult patients living in the southern region of the USA. BACKGROUND: Patient engagement has been identified as a key driver for containing health care costs, but the public and health care professionals lack a scientific understanding of patient engagement. A valid tool is needed for prompting patients to discuss health activities with their health care providers and to obtain support...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103371/condom-use-and-hiv-status-a-study-of-sex-workers-engaged-with-the-jamaican-aids-support-for-life-jasl
#5
H Budhwani, S Newton, K R Hearld, K Levermore
Objective: HIV prevention programs such as Jamaica AIDS Support for Life (JASL) work to lower the rate of HIV among marginalized groups. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate condom use and HIV status in JASL's Sex Worker (SW) population with the intent to identify behavioral differences between this self-selected group and the general SW population in Jamaica. We hypothesized that JASL's SW population would demonstrate higher condom use and a lower prevalence of HIV, potentially attributable to their prevention and education endeavours...
April 4, 2016: West Indian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103295/prevalence-and-trends-of-hiv-syphilis-and-hcv-in-migrant-and-resident-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-shandong-china-results-from-a-serial-cross-sectional-study
#6
Jun Hu, Xu Gu, Xiaorun Tao, Yaosheng Qian, Giridhara R Babu, Guoyong Wang, Meizhen Liao, Larry Han, Dianmin Kang, Weiming Tang
BACKGROUND: Migrant men who have sex with men (MSM) have a higher predisposition for HIV transmission. We aimed to determine and compare the prevalence and trends of HIV, Syphilis, and HCV between migrant and resident MSM in Shandong, China. METHODS: A serial cross-sectional study was conducted in eight cities in Shandong, China from 2010 to 2014. The surveys collected information on demographics, HIV-related knowledge, and HIV-related behaviors including the serologic status of HIV, syphilis, and HCV...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103288/child-staff-ratios-in-early-childhood-education-and-care-settings-and-child-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Michal Perlman, Brooke Fletcher, Olesya Falenchuk, Ashley Brunsek, Evelyn McMullen, Prakesh S Shah
Child-staff ratios are a key quality indicator in early childhood education and care (ECEC) programs. Better ratios are believed to improve child outcomes by increasing opportunities for individual interactions and educational instruction from staff. The purpose of this systematic review, and where possible, meta-analysis, was to evaluate the association between child-staff ratios in preschool ECEC programs and children's outcomes. Searches of Medline, PsycINFO, ERIC, websites of large datasets and reference sections of all retrieved articles were conducted up to July 3, 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103207/determination-of-factors-affecting-physical-activity-status-of-university-students-on-a-health-sciences-campus
#8
Ayfer Dayi, Ayla Acikgoz, Guven Guvendi, Levent Bayrak, Burcu Ersoy, Cagri Gur, Omer Ozmen
Upon graduation, students studying in departments related to health will work in the health sector and will guide and enlighten people with their knowledge and behavior. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors affecting the physical activity (PA) conditions of university students on a health sciences campus. A cross-sectional study was carried out on 706 students in a Turkish university. The data was obtained from a survey prepared by the researchers. The 26-question survey aimed to discover the students' socio-demographic characteristics and their awareness and practices concerning PA...
January 19, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103161/nurses-practice-in-preventing-postoperative-wound-infections-an-observational-study
#9
S Ding, F Lin, A P Marshall, B M Gillespie
OBJECTIVE: Surgical site infections (SSIs) are serious postoperative complications that may lead to undesired patient outcomes. Previous research has used survey and chart audit methods to describe wound care practices. However, little research has been published using contemporaneous observations to describe the surgical wound management practices of nurses. The aim of this study was to prospectively describe surgical nurses' postoperative wound care practices and the extent to which observed surgical wound practices aligned with evidence-based guideline recommendations...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103148/double-whammy-adverse-childhood-events-and-pain-reflect-symptomology-and-quality-of-life-in-women-in-substance-abuse-treatment
#10
Cheryl Zlotnick, Maayan Lawental, Dorit Pud
BACKGROUND: This study examined the profiles of symptoms and health-related quality of life (QOL) of women in substance abuse treatment, comparing those with higher versus lower histories of adverse childhood events (ACE), and those with versus without current pain. METHODS: Adult women in outpatient substance abuse treatment (n = 30) completed questionnaires (cross-sectional study) on topics including drug use, adverse childhood events (ACE), QOL, functional ability, current pain, and depression...
January 19, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103079/adhd-treatment-in-primary-care
#11
Tanya S Hauck, Cindy Lau, Laura Li Foa Wing, Paul Kurdyak, Karen Tu
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence and characteristics of youth with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in Ontario, Canada, and to determine the predictors of psychotropic medication prescriptions in youth with ADHD. METHOD: This is a cross-sectional retrospective chart abstraction of more than 250 000 medical records from youth aged 1 to 24 years in a large geographical region in Ontario, Canada, linked to population-based health administrative data...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103070/food-insecurity-and-chronic-diseases-among-american-indians-in-rural-oklahoma-the-thrive-study
#12
Valarie Blue Bird Jernigan, Marianna S Wetherill, Jordan Hearod, Tvli Jacob, Alica L Salvatore, Tamela Cannady, Mandy Grammar, Joy Standridge, Jill Fox, Jennifer Spiegel, AnDina Wiley, Carolyn Noonan, Dedra Buchwald
OBJECTIVES: To examine food insecurity and cardiovascular disease-related health outcomes among American Indians (AIs) in rural Oklahoma. METHODS: We surveyed a cross-sectional sample of 513 AI adults to assess food insecurity domains (i.e., food quality and quantity) and obesity, diabetes, and hypertension. RESULTS: Among AIs surveyed, 56% reported inadequate food quantity and 62% reported inadequate food quality. The unadjusted prevalence of diabetes (28...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103045/photocurrent-generation-of-reconstituted-photosystem-ii-on-self-assembled-gold-film
#13
Mariko Miyachi, Shu Ikehira, Daiki Nishiori, Yoshinori Yamanoi, Masato Yamada, Masako Iwai, Tatsuya Tomo, Suleyman I Allakhverdiev, Hiroshi Nishihara
Photosystem II (PSII) modified gold electrodes were prepared by the deposition of PSII reconstituted with platinum nanoparticles (PtNPs) on Au electrodes. PtNPs modified with 1-[15-(3,5,6-trimethyl-1,4-benzoquinone-2-yl)]pentadecyl disulfide ((TMQ(CH2)15S)2) were incorporated into the QB site of PSII isolated from the thermophilic cyanobacterium, Thermosynechococcus elongatus. The reconstitution was confirmed by QA-reoxidation measurements. PSII reconstituted with PtNPs was deposited and integrated on a Au(111) surface modified with 4,4'-biphenyldithiol...
January 19, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102942/a-platform-independent-method-to-reduce-ct-truncation-artifacts-using-discriminative-dictionary-representations
#14
Yang Chen, Adam Budde, Ke Li, Yinsheng Li, Jiang Hsieh, Guang-Hong Chen
PURPOSE: When the scan field of view (SFOV) of a CT system is not large enough to enclose the entire cross-section of the patient, or the patient needs to be positioned partially outside the SFOV for certain clinical applications, truncation artifacts often appear in the reconstructed CT images. Many truncation artifact correction methods perform extrapolations of the truncated projection data based on certain a priori assumptions. The purpose of this work was to develop a novel CT truncation artifact reduction method that directly operates on DICOM images...
January 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102918/medication-administration-errors-and-related-deviations-from-safe-practice-an-observational-study
#15
Alwiena J Blignaut, Siedine K Coetzee, Hester C Klopper, Suria M Ellis
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence of medication administration errors, medication administration related deviations from safe practice as well as factors associated with these errors in medical and surgical units of public hospitals in the Gauteng Province of South Africa. BACKGROUND: Several studies have been published on the incidence of medication administration errors, but only a few have studied the incidence of medication administration related deviations from safe practice...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102900/metabolic-theory-predicts-animal-self-thinning
#16
Tomas Jonsson
1.The Metabolic Theory of Ecology (MTE) predicts observed patterns in ecology based on metabolic rates of individuals. The theory is influential but also criticized for a lack of firm empirical evidence confirming MTE's quantitative predictions of processes, e.g. outcome of competition, at population or community level. 2.Self-thinning is a well-known population level phenomenon among plants, but a much less studied phenomenon in animal populations and no consensus exists on what a universal thinning slope for animal populations might be, or if it exists...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Animal Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102890/handgrip-strength-in-old-and-very-old-adults-mood-cognition-function-and-mortality
#17
Jochanan Stessman, Yakir Rottenberg, Matan Fischer, Aliza Hammerman-Rozenberg, Jeremy M Jacobs
OBJECTIVES: To determine the trajectory of handgrip strength (HGS) from age 70 to 90 and its association with mood, cognition, functional status, and mortality. DESIGN: Prospective follow-up of an age-homogenous representative community-dwelling cohort (born 1920-21) in the Jerusalem Longitudinal Cohort Study (1990-2015). SETTING: Home-based assessment. PARTICIPANTS: Subjects aged 70 (n = 327), 78 (n = 384), 85 (n = 1187), and 90 (n = 406), examined in 1990, 1998, 2005, and 2010, respectively...
January 19, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102888/genetic-polymorphisms-in-estrogen-metabolic-pathway-associated-with-risks-of-alzheimer-s-disease-evidence-from-a-southern-chinese-population
#18
Lu Hua Chen, Yan Hui Fan, Patrick Yu Ping Kao, Deborah Tip Yin Ho, Joyce Cheuk Tung Ha, Leung Wing Chu, You-Qiang Song
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether genetic variations on the estrogen metabolic pathway would be associated with risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Individuals were recruited at the Memory Clinic, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong. PARTICIPANTS: Chinese individuals with (n = 426) and without (n = 350) AD. MEASUREMENTS: All subjects underwent a standardized cognitive assessment and genotyping of four candidate genes on the estrogen metabolic pathway (estrogen receptor α gene (ESR1), estrogen receptor β gene (ESR2), cytochrome P450 19A1 gene (CYP19A1), cytochrome P450 11A1 gene (CYP11A1))...
January 19, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102719/pregnancy-and-delivery-in-women-with-spinal-muscular-atrophy
#19
Bakri H Elsheikh, Xiaoli Zhang, Kathryn J Swoboda, Sharon Chelnick, Sandra P Reyna, Stephen J Kolb, John T Kissel
OBJECTIVES: To expand the limited available knowledge about pregnancy and delivery in women with spinal muscular atrophy using a cohort of genetically proven SMA patients form USA. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study. We mailed questionnaires to 58 women with confirmed SMA. RESULTS: Thirty-two women responded, reporting 35 pregnancies, including 19 women with at least one pregnancy. In this cohort, preterm labor and delivery by cesarean section were more common in mothers with SMA particularly SMA type 2...
January 19, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102616/development-and-psychometric-testing-of-the-attitudes-subjective-norms-perceived-behavioural-control-and-intention-to-pursue-a-career-in-mental-health-nursing-scale
#20
Mark Wilbourn, Yenna Salamonson, Lucie Ramjan, Sungwon Chang
The aim of the present study was to develop and test the psychometric properties of the Attitudes, Subjective Norms, Perceived Behavioural Control, and Intention to Pursue a Career in Mental Health Nursing (ASPIRE) scale, an instrument to assess nursing students' intention to work in mental health nursing. Understanding the factors influencing undergraduate nursing students' career intentions might lead to improved recruitment strategies. However, there are no standardized tools to measure and assess students' intention to pursue a career in mental health nursing...
January 19, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
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