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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335583/is-accessibility-to-dental-care-facilities-in-rural-areas-associated-with-number-of-teeth-in-elderly-residents
#1
Tsuyoshi Hamano, Miwako Takeda, Kazumichi Tominaga, Kristina Sundquist, Toru Nabika
Given that public transportation networks are less developed in rural than in urban areas, a lack of accessibility to dental care facilities could be a barrier to routine dental checkups. Thus, we hypothesized that the distance to the dental care facilities is a risk factor for tooth loss. The aim of this study was to test whether there is an association between the distance to dental care facilities, estimated by geographic information systems, and number of teeth, assessed by an oral examination, among elderly residents of a rural area in Japan...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335545/reference-values-of-14-serum-trace-elements-for-pregnant-chinese-women-a-cross-sectional-study-in-the-china-nutrition-and-health-survey-2010-2012
#2
Xiaobing Liu, Yu Zhang, Jianhua Piao, Deqian Mao, Yajie Li, Weidong Li, Lichen Yang, Xiaoguang Yang
The development of reference values of trace elements is recognized as a fundamental prerequisite for the assessment of trace element nutritional status and health risks. In this study, a total of 1400 pregnant women aged 27.0 ± 4.5 years were randomly selected from the China Nutrition and Health Survey 2010-2012 (CNHS 2010-2012). The concentrations of 14 serum trace elements were determined by high-resolution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Reference values were calculated covering the central 95% reference intervals (P2...
March 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335543/influence-of-transportation-noise-and-noise-sensitivity-on-annoyance-a-cross-sectional-study-in-south-korea
#3
Joo Hyun Sung, Jiho Lee, Kyoung Sook Jeong, Soogab Lee, Changmyung Lee, Min-Woo Jo, Chang Sun Sim
Environmental noise is known to cause noise annoyance. Since noise annoyance is a subjective indicator, other mediators-such as noise sensitivity-may influence its perception. However, few studies have thus far been conducted on noise annoyance in South Korea that consider noise sensitivity and noise level simultaneously. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlations between noise sensitivity or noise level and noise annoyance on a large scale in South Korea. This study estimated the level of noise exposure based on a noise map created in 2014; identified and surveyed 1836 subjects using a questionnaire; and assessed the impact of transportation noise and noise sensitivity on noise annoyance...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335535/enterovirus-71-neutralizing-antibodies-seroepidemiological-research-among-children-in-guangzhou-china-between-2014-and-2015-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Dingmei Zhang, Yan Chen, Xiashi Chen, Zhenjian He, Xun Zhu, Yuantao Hao
A hand-foot-mouth disease outbreak occurred in 2014 around Guangdong. The purpose of this study was investigating the status and susceptibility of infectious neutralizing antibodies to enterovirus 71 among children so as to provide scientific evidence for the population immunity level of hand-foot-mouth disease and prepare for enterovirus 71 vaccination implementation. Serum specimens were collected from children in communities from January 2014 to March 2015 in Guangzhou. A total of 197 serum samples from children 1-5 years old were collected for this cross-sectional study via non-probabilistic sampling from the database of Chinese National Science and Technique Major Project...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335531/associations-among-substance-use-mental-health-disorders-and-self-harm-in-a-prison-population-examining-group-risk-for-suicide-attempt
#5
Madison L Gates, Asher Turney, Elizabeth Ferguson, Veronica Walker, Michelle Staples-Horne
Substance use disorders (SUD) and mental health disorders are significant public health issues that co-occur and are associated with high risk for suicide attempts. SUD and mental health disorders are more prevalent among offenders (i.e., prisoners or inmates) than the non-imprisoned population, raising concerns about the risk of self-harm. This cross-sectional study examined the population of a state prison system (10,988 out of 13,079) to identify associations among SUD (alcohol, cannabis, intravenous drugs, narcotics, and tobacco smoking), mental health disorders (anxiety, bipolar, depression, and psychotic disorders), and suicide attempts...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335490/monitoring-of-selected-health-indicators-in-children-living-in-a-copper-mine-development-area-in-northwestern-zambia
#6
Astrid M Knoblauch, Mark J Divall, Milka Owuor, Colleen Archer, Kennedy Nduna, Harrison Ng'uni, Gertrude Musunka, Anna Pascall, Jürg Utzinger, Mirko S Winkler
The epidemiology of malaria, anaemia and malnutrition in children is potentially altered in mining development areas. In a copper extraction project in northwestern Zambia, a health impact assessment (HIA) was commissioned to predict, manage and monitor health impacts. Two cross-sectional surveys were conducted: at baseline prior to project development (2011) and at four years into development (2015). Prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum, anaemia and stunting were assessed in under-five-year-old children, while hookworm infection was assessed in children aged 9-14 years in communities impacted and comparison communities not impacted by the project...
March 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335478/lactational-stage-of-pasteurized-human-donor-milk-contributes-to-nutrient-limitations-for-infants
#7
Christina J Valentine, Georgia Morrow, Amanda Reisinger, Kelly A Dingess, Ardythe L Morrow, Lynette K Rogers
BACKGROUND: Mother's own milk is the first choice for feeding preterm infants, but when not available, pasteurized human donor milk (PDM) is often used. Infants fed PDM have difficulties maintaining appropriate growth velocities. To assess the most basic elements of nutrition, we tested the hypotheses that fatty acid and amino acid composition of PDM is highly variable and standard pooling practices attenuate variability; however, total nutrients may be limiting without supplementation due to late lactational stage of the milk...
March 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335444/hiv-education-and-welfare-services-in-primary-care-an-empirical-model-of-integration-in-brazil-s-unified-health-system
#8
Rahbel Rahman, Rogério M Pinto, Melanie M Wall
Integration of health education and welfare services in primary care systems is a key strategy to solve the multiple determinants of chronic diseases, such as Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS). However, there is a scarcity of conceptual models from which to build integration strategies. We provide a model based on cross-sectional data from 168 Community Health Agents, 62 nurses, and 32 physicians in two municipalities in Brazil's Unified Health System (UHS)...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335441/dietary-intake-of-individual-free-and-intrinsic-sugars-and-food-sources-in-the-spanish-population-findings-from-the-anibes-study
#9
Emma Ruiz, Paula Rodriguez, Teresa Valero, José M Ávila, Javier Aranceta-Bartrina, Ángel Gil, Marcela González-Gross, Rosa M Ortega, Lluis Serra-Majem, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras
The consumption of total and individual sugars is controversial and little is known about consumption and dietary sources in Spain. The purpose was to examine free and intrinsic sugar intake and food and beverage sources. The ANIBES Study (Anthropometry, Intake and Energy Balance in Spain), a cross-sectional study of a representative sample of the Spanish population (9-75 years old; n = 2009) carried out in 2013, was used. Food and beverage records were obtained by a three-day dietary record by using a tablet device...
March 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335373/dietary-patterns-and-insomnia-symptoms-in-chinese-adults-the-china-kadoorie-biobank
#10
Canqing Yu, Zumin Shi, Jun Lv, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Huaidong Du, Yiping Chen, Ran Tao, Ying Huang, Junshi Chen, Zhengming Chen, Liming Li
Limited attention has been paid to the effect of dietary patterns on sleep problems. In the present study, we analyzed the cross-sectional data of 481,242 adults aged 30-79 years from the China Kadoorie Biobank. A laptop-based questionnaire was administered to collect information on food intakes and insomnia symptoms. Logistic regression was used to estimate the odds ratios of each insomnia symptom according to quartiles of each dietary pattern, with adjustment for potential confounders. Two major dietary patterns were derived by factor analysis...
March 4, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335337/effect-of-crystal-orientation-on-self-assembly-nanocones-formed-on-tungsten-surface-induced-by-helium-ion-irradiation-and-annealing
#11
Shilin Huang, Guang Ran, Penghui Lei, Shenghua Wu, Nanjun Chen, Ning Li
The self-assembly nanocone structures on the surface of polycrystalline tungsten were created by He⁺ ion irradiation and then annealing, and the resulting topography and morphology were characterized using atomic force microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The cross-sectional samples of the self-assembly nanocones were prepared using an in situ-focused ion beam and then observed using transmission electron microscopy. The self-assembly nanocones were induced by the combined effect of He⁺ ion irradiation, the annealing process and the chromium impurity...
November 12, 2016: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335088/further-characterization-of-computed-tomographic-and-clinical-features-for-staging-and-prognosis-of-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-in-west-highland-white-terriers
#12
Florence Thierry, Ian Handel, Gawain Hammond, Lesley G King, Brendan M Corcoran, Tobias Schwarz
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is an interstitial lung disease of unknown etiology resulting in progressive interstitial fibrosis, with a known predilection in West Highland white terriers. In humans, computed tomography (CT) is a standard method for providing diagnostic and prognostic information, and plays a major role in the idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis staging process. Objectives of this retrospective, analytical, cross-sectional study were to establish descriptive criteria for reporting CT findings and test correlations among CT, clinical findings and survival time in West Highland white terriers with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis...
March 23, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335004/barriers-and-facilitators-for-institutional-delivery-among-poor-mesoamerican-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Bernardo Hernandez, Danny V Colombara, Marielle C Gagnier, Sima S Desai, Annie Haakenstad, Casey Johanns, Claire R McNellan, Jennifer Nelson, Erin B Palmisano, Diego Ríos-Zertuche, Alexandra Schaefer, Paola Zúñiga-Brenes, Emma Iriarte, Ali H Mokdad
Professional skilled care has shown to be one of the most promising strategies to reduce maternal mortality, and in-facility deliveries are a cost-effective way to ensure safe births. Countries in Mesoamerica have emphasized in-facility delivery care by professionally skilled attendants, but access to good-quality delivery care is still lacking for many women. We examined the characteristics of women who had a delivery in a health facility and determinants of the decision to bypass a closer facility and travel to a distant one...
March 15, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334973/analysis-of-dropout-across-the-continuum-of-maternal-health-care-in-tanzania-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-household-survey
#14
Diwakar Mohan, Amnesty E LeFevre, Asha George, Rose Mpembeni, Eva Bazant, Neema Rusibamayila, Japhet Killewo, Peter J Winch, Abdullah H Baqui
The 'continuum of care' is proposed as a key framework for the delivery of maternal, neonatal and child health services. This study examined the extent of dropout as well as factors associated with retention across the MNCH continuum from antenatal care (ANC), through skilled birth attendance (SBA), to postnatal care (PNC).We analyzed data from 1931 women who delivered in the preceding 2-14 months, from a two-stage cluster sampling household survey in four districts of Tanzania's Morogoro region. The survey was conducted in 2011 as a part of a baseline for an independent evaluation of a maternal health program...
March 16, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334944/recent-trends-in-body-mass-index-and-waist-circumference-among-children-and-adolescents-in-shandong-china
#15
Ying-Xiu Zhang, Shu-Rong Wang, Min Chen, Yan Cheng
Background: The present study examined the recent trends in body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC), and the prevalence of general and abdominal obesity among children and adolescents in Shandong, China. Methods: Data for this study were obtained from two cross-sectional surveys of schoolchildren carried out in 2010 and 2014 in Shandong Province, China. A total of 72 755 students aged 7-18 years were included in this study. The BMI cutoff points recommended by the International Obesity Task Force were used to define overweight and general obesity...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334939/association-between-tau-deposition-and-antecedent-amyloid-%C3%AE-accumulation-rates-in-normal-and-early-symptomatic-individuals
#16
Duygu Tosun, Susan Landau, Paul S Aisen, Ronald C Petersen, Mark Mintun, William Jagust, Michael W Weiner
A long-term goal of our field is to determine the sequence of pathological events, which ultimately lead to cognitive decline and dementia. In this study, we first assessed the patterns of brain tau tangle accumulation (measured with the positron emission tomography tracer 18F-AV-1451) associated with well-established Alzheimer's disease factors in a cohort including cognitively healthy elderly individuals and individuals at early symptomatic stages of Alzheimer's disease. We then explored highly associated patterns of greater 18F-AV-1451 binding and increased annualized change in cortical amyloid-β plaques measured as florbetapir positron emission tomography binding antecedent to 18F-AV-1451 positron emission tomography scans, and to what extent these multimodal pattern associations explained the variance in cognitive performance and clinical outcome measures, independently and jointly...
March 17, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334936/satisfaction-with-general-practice-care-in-german-patients-with-multimorbidity-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Achim Mortsiefer, Attila Altiner, Annette Ernst, Hanna Kadusziewicz, Alice Krahe, Christine Mellert, Ingmar Schäfer, Carl-Otto Stolzenbach, Birgitt Wiese, Christin Löffler
Background.: Little is known about the quality of general practice care received by patients suffering from multimorbidity. Objectives.: To assess how patients with multimorbidity evaluate their General Practitioners (GPs') performance and to identify factors associated with high patient satisfaction levels. Methods.: Cross-sectional study in Germany using the EUROPEP questionnaire consisting of 23 items with a five-point Likert scale and covering two dimensions: clinical performance of the GP and organisation of care...
February 21, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334924/throat-swabs-in-children-with-respiratory-tract-infection-associations-with-clinical-presentation-and-potential-targets-for-point-of-care-testing
#18
Hannah V Thornton, Alastair D Hay, Niamh M Redmond, Sophie L Turnbull, Hannah Christensen, Tim J Peters, John P Leeming, Andrew Lovering, Barry Vipond, Peter Muir, Peter S Blair
Background and objectives.: Diagnostic uncertainty over respiratory tract infections (RTIs) in primary care contributes to over-prescribing of antibiotics and drives antibiotic resistance. If symptoms and signs predict respiratory tract microbiology, they could help clinicians target antibiotics to bacterial infection. This study aimed to determine relationships between symptoms and signs in children presenting to primary care and microbes from throat swabs. Methods.: Cross-sectional study of children ≥3 months to <16 years presenting with acute cough and RTI, with subset follow-up...
February 18, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334911/mertk-rs4374383-variant-predicts-incident-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-diabetes-role-of-mononuclear-cell-activation-and-adipokine-response-to-dietary-fat
#19
Giovanni Musso, Maurizio Cassader, Franco De Michieli, Elena Paschetta, Silvia Pinach, Francesca Saba, Daria Bongiovanni, Luciana Framarin, Mara Berrutti, Nicola Leone, Stefania Corvisieri, Renato Parente, Federica Molinaro, Antonio Sircana, Bo Simona, Roberto Gambino
The loss-of-function rs4374383 G>A variant in Myeloid-epithelial-reproductive Tyrosine Kinase (MERTK) gene has been linked to hepatic fibrosis in chronic liver diseases. MERTK is expressed by immune and non-immune cells involved in inflammation, metabolism and vascular homeostasis. We assessed the impact of MERTK rs4374383 G>A variant on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) incidence and severity and on glucose and lipid metabolism.We followed-up 305 healthy nonobese nondiabetic, metabolic syndrome-free insulin sensitive participants in a population-based study, characterized for MERTK G>A polymorphism, adipokine profile and inflammatory markers...
March 8, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334909/changes-in-awareness-of-cancer-risk-factors-among-adult-new-zealanders-caanz-2001-to-2015
#20
R Richards, B McNoe, E Iosua, A I Reeder, R Egan, L Marsh, L Robertson, B Maclennan, A Dawson, R Quigg, A-C Petersen
Behaviour change, specifically that which decreases cancer risk, is an essential element of cancer control. Little information is available about how awareness of risk factors may be changing over time. This study describes the awareness of cancer risk behaviours among adult New Zealanders in two cross-sectional studies conducted in 2001 and 2014/5.Telephone interviews were conducted in 2001 (n = 436) and 2014/5 (n = 1064). Participants were asked to recall things they can do to reduce their risk of cancer...
February 27, 2017: Health Education Research
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