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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438853/gastric-ulceration-and-perforation-secondary-to-large-trichobezoar-a-case-report-describing-the-role-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-diagnosis
#1
M M Hennessy, I Ivanovski, C B Ó Súilleabháin
INTRODUCTION: Trichotillomania and trichotillophagia can result in huge intraluminal coagulations of hair. Rarely, these can present with gastric perforation. This work has been reported in line with the SCARE criteria (Agha et al., 2016) [1]. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report the case of a 15 year old girl who attended the emergency department with abdominal pain and vomiting. Ultrasound abdomen and pelvis identified free fluid within the pelvis concerning for inflammatory bowel disease...
February 10, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438117/small-bowel-tumours-update-in-diagnosis-and-management
#2
Rondonotti Emanuele, Anastasios Koulaouzidis, Julius Georgiou, Marco Pennazio
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this study was to summarize the role of recently developed diagnostic techniques in the diagnosis and management of patients with small bowel tumours (SBTs). RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies show that the overall SBT incidence is increasing. The introduction of small bowel dedicated diagnostic tools [i.e. capsule endoscopy, device-assisted enteroscopy (DAE), computed tomography (CT) and MRI-enterography] might partially explain this trend...
February 12, 2018: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428210/semiautomatic-assessment-of-the-terminal-ileum-and-colon-in-patients-with-crohn-disease-using-mri-the-vigor-project
#3
Carl A J Puylaert, Peter J Schüffler, Robiel E Naziroglu, Jeroen A W Tielbeek, Zhang Li, Jesica C Makanyanga, Charlotte J Tutein Nolthenius, C Yung Nio, Douglas A Pendsé, Alex Menys, Cyriel Y Ponsioen, David Atkinson, Alastair Forbes, Joachim M Buhmann, Thomas J Fuchs, Haralambos Hatzakis, Lucas J van Vliet, Jaap Stoker, Stuart A Taylor, Frans M Vos
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to develop and validate a predictive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) activity score for ileocolonic Crohn disease activity based on both subjective and semiautomatic MRI features. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An MRI activity score (the "virtual gastrointestinal tract [VIGOR]" score) was developed from 27 validated magnetic resonance enterography datasets, including subjective radiologist observation of mural T2 signal and semiautomatic measurements of bowel wall thickness, excess volume, and dynamic contrast enhancement (initial slope of increase)...
February 7, 2018: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397596/-the-clinical-characteristics-of-patients-with-monomorphic-epitheliotropic-intestinal-t-cell-lymphoma-characterized-by-minor-endoscopic-abnormalities
#4
Y N Wang, J Li, Y H Ni, Y Liu, Y Li, Y Zhang, W X Zhou, G J Fei, J M Qian, J N Li
Objective: To clarify the clinical features of monomorphic epitheliotropic intestinal T-cell lymphoma (MEITL) with minor endoscopic abnormalities. Methods: The clinical data of 6 patients with MEITL characterized by minor endoscopic abnormalities in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from 2012 to 2016 were retrospectively analyzed, including clinical manifestations, endoscopic, pathological features, medications and prognosis. Results: Five out of 6 patients were male, with an average age of 61.2 years old...
February 1, 2018: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361096/reliability-of-measuring-ileo-colonic-disease-activity-in-crohn-s-disease-by-magnetic-resonance-enterography
#5
Vipul Jairath, Ingrid Ordas, Guangyong Zou, Julian Panes, Jaap Stoker, Stuart A Taylor, Cynthia Santillan, Karin Horsthuis, Mark A Samaan, Lisa M Shackelton, Larry W Stitt, Pieter Hindryckx, Reena Khanna, William J Sandborn, Geert D'Haens, Brian G Feagan, Barrett G Levesque, Jordi Rimola
Background: Magnetic resonance enterography is increasingly utilized for assessment of luminal Crohn's disease activity. The Magnetic Resonance Index of Activity and the London Index are the most commonly used outcome measures in clinical trials. We assessed the reliability of these indices and several additional items. Methods: A consensus process clarified scoring conventions and identified additional items based on face validity. Four experienced radiologists evaluated 50 images in triplicate, in random order, at least 1 month apart, using a central image management system...
January 18, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342997/-x-linked-inhibitor-of-apoptosis-deficiency-manifested-as-crohn-s-disease-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
L J Xu, Y Y Luo, J D Yu, J G Lou, Y H Fang, J Chen
Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics of X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) deficient patients with clinical manifestation of Crohn's disease. Methods: Clinical manifestations, laboratory investigations, genetic testing and therapeutic interventions of one case of XIAP deficiency who was admitted to Department of Gastroenterology in Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine in May 2016 were summarized. PubMed and Chinese database for articles published from January 2016 to June 2017 were searched using the key words of'Crohn's disease'and'XIAP', and the relevant literature was reviewed...
January 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329905/consensus-recommendations-for-evaluation-interpretation-and%C3%A2-utilization-of-computed-tomography-and-magnetic-resonance-enterography-in-patients-with-small-bowel-crohn-s%C3%A2-disease
#7
David H Bruining, Ellen M Zimmermann, Edward V Loftus, William J Sandborn, Cary G Sauer, Scott A Strong
Computed tomography and magnetic resonance enterography have become routine small bowel imaging tests to evaluate patients with established or suspected Crohn's disease, but the interpretation and use of these imaging modalities can vary widely. A shared understanding of imaging findings, nomenclature, and utilization will improve the utility of these imaging techniques to guide treatment options, as well as assess for treatment response and complications. Representatives from the Society of Abdominal Radiology Crohn's Disease-Focused Panel, the Society of Pediatric Radiology, the American Gastroenterological Association, and other experts, systematically evaluated evidence for imaging findings associated with small bowel Crohn's disease enteric inflammation and established recommendations for the evaluation, interpretation, and use of computed tomography and magnetic resonance enterography in small bowel Crohn's disease...
December 30, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319414/consensus-recommendations-for-evaluation-interpretation-and-utilization-of-computed-tomography-and-magnetic-resonance-enterography-in-patients-with-small-bowel-crohn-s-disease
#8
David H Bruining, Ellen M Zimmermann, Edward V Loftus, William J Sandborn, Cary G Sauer, Scott A Strong
Computed tomography and magnetic resonance enterography have become routine small bowel imaging tests to evaluate patients with established or suspected Crohn's disease, but the interpretation and use of these imaging modalities can vary widely. A shared understanding of imaging findings, nomenclature, and utilization will improve the utility of these imaging techniques to guide treatment options, as well as assess for treatment response and complications. Representatives from the Society of Abdominal Radiology Crohn's Disease-Focused Panel, the Society of Pediatric Radiology, the American Gastroenterological Association, and other experts, systematically evaluated evidence for imaging findings associated with small bowel Crohn's disease enteric inflammation and established recommendations for the evaluation, interpretation, and use of computed tomography and magnetic resonance enterography in small bowel Crohn's disease...
January 10, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287012/magnetic-resonance-enterography-cannot-replace-upper-endoscopy-in-pediatric-crohn-s-disease-an-imagekids-sub-study
#9
Peter C Church, Ruth Cytter Kuint, Oren Ledder, Victor M Navas-López, Malgorzata Sladek, Annecarin Brückner, Robert N Baldassano, Batia Weiss, Baruch Yerushalmi, Shehzad A Saeed, Jeffrey Hyams, Anthony Otley, Anne M Griffiths, Dan Turner, Mary-Louise C Greer
OBJECTIVES: While magnetic resonance enterography (MRE) can accurately reflect ileal inflammation in pediatric Crohn's disease (CD), there are no pediatric data on the accuracy of MRE to detect upper gastrointestinal tract (UGI) lesions. We aimed to compare MRE and esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) in detecting the spectrum and severity of UGI disease in children. METHODS: This is an ancillary study of the prospective multi-center ImageKids study focusing on pediatric MRE...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261354/prospective-comparison-of-standard-versus-low-radiation-dose-ct-enterography-for-the-quantitative-assessment-of-crohn-disease
#10
Greg Rosenfeld, Jacqueline Brown, Patrick M Vos, Jonathon Leipsic, Robert Enns, Brian Bressler
OBJECTIVE: CT enterography (CTE) is sensitive and specific for active inflammatory changes of Crohn disease (CD), but its use has been limited by exposure to ionizing radiation. The objective of this study is to show the noninferiority of a model-based iterative reconstruction (MBIR) technique using lower radiation doses compared with standard-dose CTE in the assessment of CD. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Patients referred to a hospital radiology department for CTE for the evaluation of CD underwent both a standard examination (used to generate filtered back-projection and adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction [ASIR] images) and low-dose MBIR CTE performed in a random sequence on the same day...
February 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214167/comparison-of-us-strain-elastography-and-entero-mri-to-typify-the-mesenteric-and-bowel-wall-changes-during-crohn-s-disease-a-pilot-study
#11
Giuseppe Lo Re, Dario Picone, Federica Vernuccio, Laura Scopelliti, Ambra Di Piazza, Chiara Tudisca, Salvatore Serraino, Giambattista Privitera, Federico Midiri, Sergio Salerno, Massimo Midiri, Tommaso Vincenzo Bartolotta, Roberto Lagalla
Purpose: To evaluate and compare the mesenteric and bowel wall changes during Crohn's disease (CD) on ultrasonography (US) Strain Elastography (SE) and Enterography Magnetic Resonance Imaging (E-MRI). Methods: From July 2014 to September 2016, 35 patients with ileocolonoscopy diagnosis of CD were prospectively examined with E-MRI and in the same time with US and SE. Results: A total of 41 affected bowel segments and 35 unaffected bowel segments in 35 patients were evaluated...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182750/capsule-endoscopy-validation-of-the-magnetic-enterography-global-score-in-patients-with-established-crohn-s-disease
#12
Eyal Klang, Marianne M Amitai, Adi Lahat, Doron Yablecovitch, Benjamin Avidan, Sandra Neuman, Nina Levhar, Noa Rozendorn, Batya Weiss, Shomron Ben-Horin, Rami Eliakim, Uri Kopylov
Aims: To compare the evaluation of the small bowel inflammation by MEGS and CE-derived quantitative score (the Lewis score(LS). Methods: CD patients in stable clinical remission were prospectively recruited and underwent MRE and CE; fecal calprotectin (FC) levels were obtained. MEGS score was calculated for each SB segment and the entire SB (SBMEGS). SB inflammation on CE was quantified using LS. Cumulative Lewis score (C-LS) was calculated by summation of three tertiles scores...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170798/anatomical-road-mapping-using-ct-and-mr-enterography-for-ultrasound-molecular-imaging-of-small-bowel-inflammation-in-swine
#13
Huaijun Wang, Stephen A Felt, Ismayil Guracar, Valentina Taviani, Jianhua Zhou, Rosa Maria Silveira Sigrist, Huiping Zhang, Joy Liau, José G Vilches-Moure, Lu Tian, Yamil Saenz, Thierry Bettinger, Brian A Hargreaves, Amelie M Lutz, Jürgen K Willmann
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility and time saving of fusing CT and MR enterography with ultrasound for ultrasound molecular imaging (USMI) of inflammation in an acute small bowel inflammation of swine. METHODS: Nine swine with ileitis were scanned with either CT (n = 3) or MR (n = 6) enterography. Imaging times to load CT/MR images onto a clinical ultrasound machine, fuse them to ultrasound with an anatomical landmark-based approach, and identify ileitis were compared to the imaging times without anatomical road mapping...
November 23, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158158/magnetic-resonance-enterography-to-assess-multifocal-and-multicentric-bowel-endometriosis
#14
Krystel Nyangoh Timoh, Zelda Stewart, Mikhael Benjoar, Selma Beldjord, Marcos Ballester, Marc Bazot, Isabelle Thomassin-Naggara, Emile Daraï
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To prospectively determine the accuracy of magnetic resonance enterography (MRE) compared with conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for multifocal (i.e., multiple lesions affecting the same digestive segment) and multicentric (i.e., multiple lesions affecting several digestive segments) bowel endometriosis. DESIGN: Prospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: Tenon University Hospital, Paris, France...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135086/can-mr-enterography-screen-for-perianal-disease-in-pediatric-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#15
Zehour AlSabban, Nicholas Carman, Rahim Moineddin, Ryan T Lo, Sebastian K King, Jacob C Langer, Thomas D Walters, Anne M Griffiths, Peter C Church, Mary-Louise C Greer
BACKGROUND: Pediatric Crohn's disease is associated with perianal disease (PAD). Magnetic resonance enterography (MRE) assesses small bowel involvement in pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (PIBD). Pelvic MRI (P-MRI) is the gold standard for assessing PAD. PURPOSE: To determine if MRE can accurately detect PAD in PIBD, distinguishing perianal fistulae (PAF) from perianal abscesses (PAA), referenced against P-MRI. STUDY TYPE: Retrospective...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133083/jejunal-diverticulitis-review-and-treatment-algorithm
#16
Houssem Harbi, Nizar Kardoun, Sami Fendri, Nouha Dammak, Nozha Toumi, Ahmed Guirat, Rafik Mzali
Diverticulitis is much less common in the jejunum than in colonic diverticula probably because of diverticulum larger size, better intra-luminal flow and relatively sterile jejunal content. Complications of jejunal diverticulitis are acute intestinal obstruction, diverticular bleeding and mainly perforation with mesenteric abscess, localized or generalized peritonitis. The Multi-detector row computed tomography is now the best diagnostic imaging for small bowel diverticulitis as well as its complications. Magnetic resonance enterography is also quite useful but it is still impractical to resort to such an imaging in an abdominal emergency...
November 10, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122470/accuracy-of-computed-tomographic-enterography-for-obscure-gastrointestinal-bleeding-a-diagnostic-meta-analysis
#17
Bosheng He, Jushun Yang, Jing Xiao, Jinhua Gu, Feixiang Chen, Lin Wang, Junbo Qian, Shenchu Gong
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB) is the bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract without definite source that persists and recurs after a negative endoscopic evaluation. The study aimed to systematically evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of computed tomography enterography on OGIB detection by meta-analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Studies were searched in relevant databases. With predefined inclusion criteria, eligible studies were included, followed by quality assessment using the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies scoring system...
November 6, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110055/reproducible-imaging-features-of-biologically-aggressive-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumors-of-the-small-bowel
#18
Francisco J Maldonado, Shannon P Sheedy, Veena R Iyer, Stephanie L Hansel, David H Bruining, Cynthia H McCollough, William S Harmsen, John M Barlow, Joel G Fletcher
PURPOSE: To identify reproducible CT imaging features of small bowel gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) that are associated with biologic aggressiveness. METHODS: Patients with histologically proven small bowel GISTs and CT enterography or abdominopelvic CT were included. Biologic aggressiveness was established based on initial histologic grading (very low risk to malignant), with "malignant" assigned if recurrence or metastases developed subsequently. CT exams were independently evaluated by three gastrointestinal radiologists for tumor size, growth pattern, enhancement, tumor borders, necrosis, calcification, ulceration, multiplicity, internal air or enteric contrast, nodal metastasis, liver metastasis, peritoneal metastasis, ascites, and draining vein size...
November 6, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100078/colonic-strictures-in-children-and-young-adults-with-crohn-s-disease-recognition-on-mr-enterography
#19
David M Biko, Petar Mamula, Nancy A Chauvin, Sudha A Anupindi
OBJECTIVES: Identify MRE features of colonic strictures in children/young adults with Crohn's disease. METHODS: Included are patients with colonic strictures on colonoscopy imaged with MRE. Bowel wall thickening (BWT) with luminal narrowing, pre-stenotic dilatation (PSD), bowel wall enhancement, and diffusion restriction were evaluated. RESULTS: All potential strictures (n=12) had BWT with luminal narrowing on MRE. 8/12 had PSD, meeting our MRE stricture criteria...
October 20, 2017: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097934/correlation-of-18f-fdg-pet-mre-metrics-with-inflammatory-biomarkers-in-patients-with-crohn-s-disease-a-pilot-study
#20
Liran Domachevsky, Haim Leibovitzh, Irit Avni-Biron, Lev Lichtenstein, Natalia Goldberg, Meital Nidam, David Groshar, Hanna Bernstine, Ofer Ben-Bassat
Background: To investigate the association between 18F-FDG (Fluorodeoxyglucose) PET (positron emission tomography)/MRE (magnetic resonance enterography) metrics with the inflammatory biomarkers fecal calprotectin and C-reactive protein (CRP) in patients with Crohn's disease (CD). Methods: This prospective pilot study was institutional review board (IRB) approved with informed consent obtained. Consecutive CD patients were referred to 18F-FDG PET/MRE. Patients in whom colonoscopy was performed and CRP and fecal calprotectin levels were measured were included...
2017: Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging
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