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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668146/-adolescents-suffering-from-anorexia-nervosa-an-evidence-based-approach-of-the-parent-s-role-in-2018
#1
Sophie Vust, Solange Cook-Darzens, Françoise Lier, Anne-Emmanuelle Ambresin
A new paradigm in the management of adolescents with eating disorders promotes different treatment orientations aiming at increasing therapeutic effectiveness as well as offering a more integrated and coherent care for families. Particular attention is given to the process of refeeding to avoid the severe somatic sequelae of eating disorder and the risk of a chronic course for a disorder which is well known for its « addictive » power and influence. The parents and the need for a strong alliance with the healthcare team stand at the centre of this new paradigm...
April 18, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667712/trajectories-of-alcohol-consumption-in-u-s-military-veterans-results-from-the-national-health-and-resilience-in-veterans-study
#2
Brian S Fuehrlein, Lorig K Kachadourian, Elizabeth K DeVylder, Louis A Trevisan, Marc N Potenza, John H Krystal, Steven M Southwick, Robert H Pietrzak
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: While alcohol use disorder is prevalent in U.S. veterans, little is known about the nature and determinants of predominant trajectories of alcohol consumption in this population. The objective of the current study was to identify predominant trajectories of alcohol consumption over a 4-year period, and baseline determinants of these trajectories in veterans. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the National Health and Resilience in Veteran Study, which surveyed a nationally representative sample of 3,157 veterans (Wave 1)...
April 18, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667547/new-markers-for-predicting-fertility-of-the-male-gametes-in-the-post-genomic-age
#3
Savina Dipresa, Luca De Toni, Carlo Foresta, Andrea Garolla
A number of test have been proposed to assess male fertility potential, ranging from routine testing by light microscopic method for evaluating semen samples, to screening test for DNA integrity aimed to look at sperm chromatin abnormalities. Spermatozoa are an extremely differentiated cell, they have critical functions for embryo development and heredity, in addiction to delivering a haploid paternal genome to the oocyte. Towards this goal certain requirements must always be met. The ability of spermatozoa to perform its reproductive function taking place in the spermatogenesis, a highly specialized process depending on multiple factors with effect on male fertility...
April 18, 2018: Protein and Peptide Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667499/breaking-the-silence-and-other-prevention-lessons-from-the-opioid-epidemic
#4
Paul E Terry
The goal of this editorial is to equip readers with opioid education resources that enable you to role model what it looks like to speak out about addiction. How are we doing as a profession speaking up about addiction? Stigma is commanded by a deep irony: where peer pressure is what likely keeps us quiet, peer support is what enables us to speak up. The "#MeToo" movement is an extraordinary example of the inertia needed to break open a taboo topic. From Hollywood celebrities to US women's gymnastics stars, it was clear that as more women spoke up about sexual harassment, well, the more women spoke out...
May 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667304/inhibition-of-alpha7-nicotinic-receptors-in-the-ventral-hippocampus-selectively-attenuates-reinstatement-of-morphine-conditioned-place-preference-and-associated-changes-in-ampa-receptor-binding
#5
Victoria L Wright, Polymnia Georgiou, Alexis Bailey, David J Heal, Christopher P Bailey, Susan Wonnacott
Recurrent relapse is a major problem in treating opiate addiction. Pavlovian conditioning plays a role in recurrent relapse whereby exposure to cues learned during drug intake can precipitate relapse to drug taking. α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) have been implicated in attentional aspects of cognition and mechanisms of learning and memory. In this study we have investigated the role of α7 nAChRs in morphine-conditioned place preference (morphine-CPP). CPP provides a model of associative learning that is pertinent to associative aspects of drug dependence...
April 17, 2018: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667292/sharing-power-in-criminal-justice-the-potential-of-co-production-for-offenders-experiencing-mental-health-and-addictions-in-new-zealand
#6
Katey Thom, Dave Burnside
Co-production has begun to make inroads into research, policy, and practice in mental health and addictions. Little is known, however, about the role co-production has or could have in shaping how the criminal justice system responds to mental health and addictions. Given that a large majority of prisoners in Aotearoa New Zealand have been diagnosed with either a mental health or substance use disorder within their lifetime, it is imperative alternative approaches are considered if we are to reduce the high imprisonment rates and contribute positively to health, safety, and well-being of all New Zealanders...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666833/resolving-the-coffey-paradox-what-does-the-androgen-receptor-do-in-normal-vs-malignant-prostate-epithelial-cells
#7
REVIEW
John T Isaacs
Donald Straley Coffey completed his 85 year life's journey on November 9, 2017. In his wake, he left a legion of inspired and loyal students, fellows, and faculty colleagues from all over the world to carry on his passion both for life in general and his 50 year quest to conquer cancer. Early in his career, Dr. Coffey developed a series of animal models to study how androgen regulates the growth of both normal and abnormal prostatic epithelium. As part of these early studies, Dr. Coffey uncovered a paradox in that anti-androgen treatment given at the "wrong" time paradoxically enhanced, not inhibited, normal prostate growth...
2018: American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666646/shisha-smoking-habit-among-dental-school-students-in-the-united-arab-emirates-enabling-factors-and-barriers
#8
Natheer H Al-Rawi, Ahmed S Alnuaimi, Asmaa T Uthman
Objectives: The objective of the present study was to assess shisha smoking among dental school students in Sharjah, United Arab Emirates (UAE). In addition, the role of suggested barriers and enabling factors in shisha smoking was also evaluated. Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey was conducted at the College of Dental Medicine, University of Sharjah, between February and May 2016. The questions were adapted from previously published water pipe smoking studies...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666588/increased-insular-cortical-thickness-associated-with-symptom-severity-in-male-youths-with-internet-gaming-disorder-a-surface-based-morphometric-study
#9
Shuai Wang, Jing Liu, Lin Tian, Limin Chen, Jun Wang, Qunfeng Tang, Fuquan Zhang, Zhenhe Zhou
With the rising increase in Internet-usage, Internet gaming disorder (IGD) has gained massive attention worldwide. However, detailed cerebral morphological changes remain unclear in youths with IGD. In the current study, our aim was to investigate cortical morphology and further explore the relationship between the cortical morphology and symptom severity in male youths with IGD. Forty-eight male youths with IGD and 32 age- and education-matched normal controls received magnetic resonance imaging scans. We employed a recently proposed surface-based morphometric approach for the measurement of cortical thickness (CT)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665940/-advances-in-the-molecular-diagnosis-and-therapy-of-relapsed-refractory-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-review
#10
Yi Wang, Bing Xia, Yi-Zhuo Zhang
Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is biologically aggressive and most common pathological type of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), and about one-third of these patients are refractory or relapsed ultimately. Based on the molecular heterogeneity, DLBCL can be divided into 3 main molecular subtypes: germinal center B-cell like (GCB), activated B-cell like (ABC) and primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma (PMBL). Arising from B cells at distinct stages of differentiation, these subtypes are also diverse in mechanisms of oncogenic activation...
April 2018: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665567/psychological-health-challenges-of-the-hill-tracts-region-for-climate-change-in-bangladesh
#11
Syed Muhammad Sajjad Kabir
The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the deleterious effects of climate change on psychological health of the Hill-Tracts and government to deal with these adverse psychological health impacts. Although knowledge is still limited about the connections between climate change and psychological health, the evidence is indicating that impacts can be felt at both the individual and community levels, with psychological health outcomes ranging from psychological distress, depression, and anxiety, to increased addictions and suicide rates...
April 12, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665561/the-functions-and-addictive-features-of-non-suicidal-self-injury-a-confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-the-ottawa-self-injury-inventory-in-a-university-sample
#12
Camille Guérin-Marion, Jodi Martin, Audrey-Ann Deneault, Marie-France Lafontaine, Jean-François Bureau
The Ottawa Self-Injury Inventory (OSI) is a comprehensive self-report measure of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). In an effort to build on past research and further validate the OSI, this study presents a confirmatory factor analysis of the OSI's subscales measuring the functions and addictive features of NSSI using a university sample. Participants were 316 university students aged 17-25 years (84.8% female) who had engaged in NSSI at least once in their lifetime. Consistent with past research, results confirmed the four-factor structure of the Functions items (Internal Emotion Regulation, Social Influence, External Emotion Regulation, Sensation Seeking), as well as the single-factor structure of Addictive Features items...
April 7, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665493/a-daily-diary-study-of-stressful-and-positive-events-alcohol-use-and-addiction-severity-among-heavy-drinking-sexual-minority-men
#13
Ethan H Mereish, Alexis Kuerbis, Jon Morgenstern
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to examine the conditions under which daily stressful and positive events are associated with alcohol use among heavy drinking sexual minority men (SMM). Specifically, we examined the moderating effects of two indicators of alcohol addiction severity (i.e., alcohol dependence severity and negative drinking consequences) on the associations between daily stressful events and alcohol use and between daily positive events and alcohol use among heavy drinking SMM...
April 7, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665132/a-persistent-contradiction-in-treatment-providers-views-on-addiction
#14
Laura A Schmidt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665064/tourism-labor-embodied-suffering-and-the-deportation-regime-in-the-dominican-republic
#15
Mark Padilla, José Félix Colón-Burgos, Nelson Varas-Díaz, Armando Matiz-Reyes, Caroline Mary Parker
In this article, we use syndemic theory to examine socio-structural factors that result in heightened vulnerability to HIV infection and drug addiction among Dominican deportees who survive post-deportation through informal tourism labor. Through an ongoing NIDA-funded ethnographic study of the syndemic of HIV and problematic drug use among men involved in tourism labor in the Dominican Republic, we argue that the legal and political-economic context of the global deportation regime contributes to structural vulnerabilities among deportees in the Dominican Republic, most of whom are men with histories of incarceration in the United States and/or Puerto Rico...
April 17, 2018: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664313/voluntary-wheel-running-induces-exercise-seeking-behavior-in-male-rats-a-behavioral-study
#16
Mojtaba Naghshvarian, Mohammad-Reza Zarrindast, Seyedeh Fatemeh Sajjadi
BACKGROUND: Research evidence shows that exercise is associated with positive physical and mental health. Moreover, exercise and wheel running in rats activate overlapping neural systems and reward system. The most commonly used models for the study of rewarding and aversive effects of exercise involve using treadmill and wheel running paradigms in mice or rats. The purpose of our experiment was to study the influence of continuous voluntary exercise on exercise-seeking behavior. METHODS: In this experimental study, we used 24 adult male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 275-300 g on average...
December 1, 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664157/introduction-to-a-new-series-on-case-studies-on-the-addiction-policy-process
#17
EDITORIAL
John Holmes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663985/adolescent-smoking-susceptibility-in-the-current-tobacco-context-2014-2016
#18
Olusegun Owotomo, Julie Maslowsky
OBJECTIVES: We examined perceptions and behaviors associated with smoking susceptibility among adolescents in the current tobacco landscape. METHODS: Participants were 8th and 10th grade never-smokers of conventional cigarettes (N = 19,853) from Monitoring the Future surveys (2014-2016). Using weighted multivariable logistic regression, we examined risk factors for smoking susceptibility: alternative tobacco product use (e-cigarettes, large cigars, little cigars/cigarillos, and flavored little cigars/cigarillos), ownership of tobacco promotional items (TPIs), access to cigarettes, perceived influence of antismoking advertisements, and perceived addictiveness of conventional cigarette smoking...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663871/design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-zinc-supplementation-to-improve-markers-of-mortality-and-hiv-disease-progression-in-hiv-positive-drinkers-in-st-petersburg-russia
#19
Natalia Gnatienko, Matthew S Freiberg, Elena Blokhina, Tatiana Yaroslavtseva, Carly Bridden, Debbie M Cheng, Christine E Chaisson, Dmitry Lioznov, Sally Bendiks, Glory Koerbel, Sharon M Coleman, Evgeny Krupitsky, Jeffrey H Samet
Background Russia continues to have an uncontrolled HIV epidemic and its per capita alcohol consumption is among the highest in the world. Alcohol use among HIV-positive individuals is common and is associated with worse clinical outcomes. Alcohol use and HIV each lead to microbial translocation, which in turn results in inflammation. Zinc supplementation holds potential for lowering levels of biomarkers of inflammation, possibly as a consequence of its impact on intestinal permeability. This paper describes the protocol of a double-blinded randomized placebo-controlled trial of zinc supplementation in St...
April 17, 2018: HIV Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663029/yttrium-90-ibritumomab-tiuxetan-zevalin-followed-by-beam-z-beam-conditioning-regimen-and-autologous-stem-cell-transplantation-asct-in-relapsed-or-refractory-high-risk-b-cell-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-nhl-a-single-institution-italian-experience
#20
Chiara Ciochetto, Barbara Botto, Roberto Passera, Marilena Bellò, Giulia Benevolo, Carola Boccomini, Alessia Castellino, Annalisa Chiappella, Roberto Freilone, Maura Nicolosi, Lorella Orsucci, Clara Pecoraro, Patrizia Pregno, Gianni Bisi, Umberto Vitolo
Chemo-refractory NHL has a very poor outcome; the addiction of RIT to salvage regiment pre ASCT had recently demonstrated promising results.We performed a retrospective sequential study to determine the feasibility of standard Zevalin with BEAM in high-risk relapse/refractory NHL. A matched cohort analysis with a group treated with standard BEAM without Zevalin was performed as secondary endpoint. Between October 2006 and January 2013, 37 NHL patients at high risk for progression or early (< 1 year) or multiple relapses were treated with Z-BEAM and ASCT after R-DHAP or R-ICE as salvage therapy...
April 16, 2018: Annals of Hematology
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