keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

cases

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334717/-the-ten-year-retrospect-of-nutrition-and-health-status-of-pregnant-women-in-china
#1
C X Dong, S A Yin
Improvement of the nutrition and health status of pregnant women should be one of the top priority strategies of improving the physical fitness of next generation and reserve of talented person for national sustainable development. This paper reviews the nutrition and health status of pregnant women in China over the recent ten years and discusses the underlying factors and changing trends. The most popular nutrition-related problem is dietary imbalance, and many micronutrient intakes are lower than the recommended dietary intakes or adequate intakes, and some of nutrient intakes are still at a very low level for a long time such as vitamin D and calcium...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334710/-a-study-on-genotype-of-271-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-isolates-in-6-prefectures-in-yunnan-province
#2
L Y Chen, X Yang, H H Ru, H J Yang, S Q Yan, L Ma, J O Chen, R Yang, L Xu
Objective: To understand the characteristics of genotypes of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates in Yunnan province, and provide the molecular epidemiological evidence for prevention and control of tuberculosis in Yunnan Province. Methods: Mycobacterium Tuberculosis isolates were collected from 6 prefectures of Yunnan province in 2014 and their Genetypes of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates were obtained using spoligotyping and multiple locus variable numbers of tandem repeats analysis (MLVA). The results of spoligotyping were entered into the SITVITWEB database to obtain the Spoligotyping International Type (SIT) patterns and the sublineages of MTB isolates...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334704/-status-and-related-factors-for-gestational-weight-gain-of-chinese-pregnant-women-during-2010-2012
#3
Y Bi, Y F Duan, J Wang, S Jiang, X H Pang, S A Yin, Z Y Yang, J Q Lai
Objective: To examine the status and related factors for gestational weight gain of Chinese pregnant women at different trimesters in 2010-2012. Methods: Participants were from Chinese National Nutrition and Health Surveillance in 2010-2012. Using a multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling method, we recruited 2 805 singleton pregnant women with gestational age 13 weeks or more from 31 provinces of China. A standard questionnaire was used to collect general information and pre-pregnancy weight; body weight and height of pregnant women were measured using a unified weighing scale and stadiometer, dietary intake during the previous year was collected using a food frequency questionnaire...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334698/endoscopic-ultrasound-and-the-liver-current-applications-and-beyond
#4
REVIEW
Neil D Shah, Todd H Baron
The diagnosis and management of many gastrointestinal conditions has been augmented by the development of endoscopic ultrasound. Its role in the diagnosis and management of liver disease has been somewhat limited, but with the rapid development of therapeutic advancements it has quickly emerged as a useful tool in the management of complex hepatic conditions. This includes its use in the management of complications of portal hypertension as well as its use in liver lesions and cancer. In this paper, we review case studies, case series and trials for hepatic applications of endoscopic ultrasound to provide an overview of its utilization in this field and demonstrating its more novel applications for future use...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334689/-stick-with-your-own-kind-or-hang-with-the-locals-implications-of-shoaling-strategy-for-tropical-reef-fish-on-a-range-expansion-frontline
#5
Shannen M Smith, Rebecca J Fox, David J Booth, Jennifer M Donelson
Range shifts of tropical marine species to temperate latitudes are predicted to increase as a consequence of climate change. To date, the research focus on climate-mediated range shifts has been predominately dealt with the physiological capacity of tropical species to cope with the thermal challenges imposed by temperate latitudes. Behavioural traits of individuals in the novel temperate environment have not previously been investigated, however, they are also likely to play a key role in determining the establishment success of individual species at the range-expansion forefront...
January 15, 2018: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334659/serum-zinc-levels-in-acute-psychiatric-patients-a-case-series
#6
Peter Joe, Mara Getz, Samantha Redman, Matthew Petrilli, Thorsten Manfred Kranz, Samoon Ahmad, Dolores Malaspina
Zinc dysregulation is linked to neuropsychiatric disorders and a beneficial response to zinc supplementation has been demonstrated for depression. In this case series, we examined serum zinc levels with respect to clinical factors among 20 acutely ill psychiatric cases admitted to a large urban public hospital. The results showed frank clinical zinc insufficiency in a quarter of the subjects. Group-wise analyses showed a significant association between reduced serum zinc and diagnosis of depression, and reduced serum zinc in those with aggressive, assaultive, or violent behaviors...
January 6, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334644/predictors-of-remission-from-probable-depression-among-hong-kong-adolescents-a-large-scale-longitudinal-study
#7
Xue Yang, Joseph T F Lau, Mason C M Lau
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the incidence of remission from probable depression among adolescents in Hong Kong. Remissions were defined as having Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CESD) scores changed from ≥16 at baseline to <16 over the 12-month follow-up period. The study tested the predictors of remissions, including perceived changes in family support, self-efficacy, self-esteem, positive affect, negative events, social anxiety, and loneliness. METHODS: The study surveyed 9666 secondary school students and identified 5487 (57%) students with probable depression in Hong Kong...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334639/vestibular-schwannoma-and-hearing-preservation-usefulness-of-level-specific-ce-chirp-abr-monitoring-a-retrospective-study-on-25-cases-with-preoperative-socially-useful-hearing
#8
Luciano Mastronardi, Ettore Di Scipio, Guglielmo Cacciotti, Raffaelino Roperto
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Decision-making regarding the therapy of vestibular schwannoma (VS) changed over the last decades, during which curative microsurgery has been promoted. Goals of VS microsurgery are: extensive resection, facial nerve (FN) preservation and, in selected cases, hearing preservation (HP). The aim of this study is to evaluate postoperative HP with reference to tumor size in patients operated on with Level Specific (LS)-CE-Chirp® ABR monitoring. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twentyfive consecutive patients with socially useful hearing (SUH) underwent VS microneurosurgery by retrosigmoid (RS) approach...
January 10, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334629/generation-of-a-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-line-csc-42-from-a-patient-with-sporadic-form-of-parkinson-s-disease
#9
Ekaterina Savchenko, Ana Marote, Kaspar Russ, Anna Collin, Stefano Goldwurm, Laurent Roybon, Yuriy Pomeshchik
Skin fibroblasts were collected from a 44-year-old patient with sporadic case of Parkinson's disease (PD). The non-integrating Sendai virus vector encoding OCT3/4, SOX2, c-MYC and KLF4 was used to reprogram fibroblasts into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). Generated iPSCs had normal karyotypes, expressed common stem cell markers, and were capable of differentiating into all three germ layers. Generated line could be used for PD modeling to understand the mechanisms that influence the disorder.
January 4, 2018: Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334609/score-for-the-survival-probability-in-metastasis-breast-cancer-a-nomogram-based-risk-assessment-model
#10
Zhenchong Xiong, Guangzheng Deng, Xinjian Huang, Xing Li, Xinhua Xie, Jin Wang, Zeyu Shuang, Xi Wang
Purpose: Survival of metastatic breast cancer patient remains unknown and varies greatly from person to person. Thus, we aimed to construct a nomogram to quantify the survival probability of patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC). Materials and methods: We had included 793 MBC patients and calculated trends of case fatality rate by Kaplan-Meier method and joinpoint regression. 634 patients with MBC between January 2004 and July 2011 and 159 patients with MBC between August 2011 and July 2013 were assigned to training cohort and internal validation cohort, respectively...
January 2, 2018: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334571/use-of-french-lyophilized-plasma-transfusion-in-severe-trauma-patients-is-associated-with-an-early-plasma-transfusion-and-early-transfusion-ratio-improvement
#11
Cédric Nguyen, Julien Bordes, Pierre-Julien Cungi, Pierre Esnault, Michael Cardinale, Quentin Mathais, Jean Cotte, Sébastien Beaume, Anne Sailliol, Bertrand Prunet, Eric Meaudre
BACKGROUND: Early transfusion of high ratio of fresh frozen plasma (FFP) and red blood cells (RBC) is associated with mortality reduction. However, time to reach high ratio is limited by the need to thaw the FFP. French lyophilized plasma (FLYP) used by French army and available in military teaching hospital does not need to be thawed and is immediately available. We hypothesize that the use of FLYP may reduce time to reach a plasma:RBC ratio of 1/1. METHODS: A retrospective study performed in a Level 1 trauma center between January 2012 and December 2015...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334570/the-effect-of-prehospital-transport-time-injury-severity-and-blood-transfusion-on-survival-of-us-military-casualties-in-iraq
#12
Russ S Kotwal, Laura L F Scott, Jud C Janak, Bruce W Tarpey, Jeffrey T Howard, Edward L Mazuchowski, Frank K Butler, Stacy A Shackelford, Jennifer M Gurney, Zsolt T Stockinger
BACKGROUND: Reducing time from injury to care can optimize trauma patient outcomes. A previous study of prehospital transport of US military casualties during the Afghanistan conflict demonstrated the importance of time and treatment capability for combat casualty survival. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive analysis was conducted to analyze battlefield data collected on US military combat casualties during the Iraq conflict from March 19, 2003 to August 31, 2010...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334565/reversal-of-intestinal-failure-in-children-with-tufting-enteropathy-supported-with-parenteral-nutrition-at-home
#13
Iona Ashworth, Alexander Wilson, Samuel Aquilina, Raymond Parascandalo, Victor Mercieca, Jurgen Gerada, Sarah Macdonald, Venetia Simchowitz, Susan Hill
OBJECTIVES: To review long-term outcome of Intestinal Epithelial Dysplasia(IED)/tufting enteropathy(TE) patients treated with parenteral nutrition(PN) at home managed by an intestinal failure(IF) rehabilitation service METHODS:: Infants presenting from 1986-2010 with IF, and TE histology were retrospectively reviewed for up to 30 years. Data collected included: outcome, presentation, nutrition(parenteral/enteral), country of residence, race, EpCAM gene, growth, bone age, occupation. RESULTS: 13 patients (6 male) in Malta and the UK with TE histology were established on home PN...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334561/preoperative-18f-fdg-pet-ct-in-pheochromocytomas-and-paragangliomas-allows-for-precision-surgery
#14
Pavel Nockel, Mustapha El Lakis, Apostolos Gaitanidis, Roxanne Merkel, Dhaval Patel, Naris Nilubol, Tamara Prodanov, Karel Pacak, Electron Kebebew
BACKGROUND: Fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) imaging is recommended in patients with metastatic pheochromocytoma (PC) and paraganglioma (PGL). There are no data on whether routine preoperative F-FDG PET/CT in all patients with PC/PGL impacts surgical management. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether routine preoperative F-FDG PET/CT imaging affects the surgical management of patients with PC/PGLs...
January 12, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334553/post-treatment-controllers-after-treatment-interruption-in-chronically-hiv-infected-patients
#15
Franco Maggiolo, Elisa Di Filippo, Laura Comi, Annapaola Callegaro
OBJECTIVE: Control HIV replication requires continuous combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) as discontinuation of cART results in a rapid viral rebound. However, a few individuals exist who took cART for several years and did not show the expected viral rebound after treatment cessation. Most post-treatment controllers (PTCs) are early treated individuals. We report three cases who started cART during chronic infection. DESIGN: Patients were treated and monitored according to Italian guidelines...
January 13, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334543/seminoma-metastatic-to-the-orbit
#16
Jonathan J Dutton, Alan D Proia
PURPOSE: Seminomas are solid tumors in young men, but which rarely metastasize to the orbit. The authors review the known literature on seminoma metastatic to the orbit, and describe an additional case in a 33-year-old man. METHODS: A literature search was performed on the MEDLINE database using keywords "seminoma," "testicular germ-cell tumors," "testicular cancer," "testicular neoplasm," "orbital metastasis," and "germ-cell neoplasms." RESULTS: Malignant neoplasms of the testis account for only 1% of cancers in men...
January 12, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334541/a-novel-technique-for-measuring-eyelid-force
#17
Shay Ofir, Avner Belkin, Arie Y Nemet
PURPOSE: We present a novel technique to directly measure the eyelid upward force generation. This technique can be used during routine clinical examination using an inexpensive, portable force gauge. METHODS: This prospective case series was conducted January to June 2015 in an ophthalmology clinic affiliated with a tertiary care medical center. A convenience sample of 42 patients (40-90 years of age) without known eyelid pathology participated. The eyelid upward net force generated was measured directly using a handheld dynamometer noninvasively attached to the upper eyelid...
January 12, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334537/isolated-central-nervous-system-chloroma-as-a-presenting-sign-of-relapsed-pediatric-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#18
Jessica L Heath, Waitman K Aumann, Charles M Maxfield, Daniel S Wechsler
Central nervous system (CNS) chloromas are an exceedingly rare presentation of CNS relapse in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). We report a relapsed ALL patient who presented with 2 separate chloromas and cerebrospinal fluid lymphoblastocytosis, and outline a treatment plan of systemic chemotherapy and CNS-directed radiation therapy. A review of the literature indicates that multiagent chemotherapy combined with CNS radiotherapy is effective, with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation used in half of reported cases...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334535/simultaneous-presentation-of-wilms-tumor-and-contralateral-ganglioneuroma-in-a-child-case-report-and-literature-review
#19
Zuhal Bayramoglu, Ibrahim Adaletli, Emine Caliskan, Isin Kilicaslan, Cagla S Karaoglan, Alaattin Celik, Feryal Gun Soysal, Sema B Bay, Bulent Zulfikar
We demonstrate a 4-year-old girl who presented with progressive, asymmetrical, firm abdominal distention and was diagnosed with synchronous Wilms' tumor and left para-aortic ganglioneuroma (GN). Although synchronous tumors in the pediatric population are commonly associated with malignancy-predisposing syndromes, the patient in question was found to be otherwise healthy and had no clinical evidence nor family history of a syndrome. This case is the second one in the literature diagnosed with synchronous presentation of Wilms' tumor and GN in a previously healthy child...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334527/transanal-minimally-invasive-anal-canal-polyp-resection
#20
Giovanni Dapri, Anny Cadenas Fabres, Olivier Nicod, Garces Duran Rodrigo, Vinciane Muls, Marc Van Gossum
Endoscopic mucosal resection and endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) are operative endoscopies that have been performed since a long time. Recently, an evolution of laparoscopy called transanal minimally invasive surgery began to be popularized, and it can be adopted in the face of difficult cases for endoscopic mucosal resection/ESD. In this video, a 36-year-old woman was submitted to transanal minimally invasive surgery resection, after unsuccessful ESD, for a 2-cm polyp located anteriorly in the anal canal, just beyond the pectineal line...
January 12, 2018: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
keyword
keyword
25430
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"