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Min-Hwang Chang, An-Ping Chen, Michael F Romero
Mutations in the electrogenic Na(+)/HCO3(-) cotransporter (NBCe1) that cause proximal renal tubular acidosis (pRTA), glaucoma, and cataracts in patients are recessive. Parents and siblings of these affected individuals seem asymptomatic although their tissues should make some mutant NBCe1 protein. Biochemical studies with AE1 and NBCe1 indicate that both, and probably all, Slc4 members form dimers. However, the physiologic implications of dimerization have not yet been fully explored. Here, human NBCe1A dimerization is demonstrated by biomolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC)...
March 15, 2014: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
Hong C Li, Volodymyr Kucher, Emily Y Li, Laura Conforti, Kamyar A Zahedi, Manoocher Soleimani
The NH(2) terminus of the sodium-bicarbonate cotransporter 1 (NBCe1) plays an important role in its targeting to the plasma membrane. To identify the amino acid residues that contribute to the targeting of NBCe1 to the plasma membrane, polarized MDCK cells were transfected with expression constructs coding for green fluorescent protein (GFP)-tagged NBCe1 NH(2)-terminal deletion mutants, and the localization of GFP-tagged proteins was analyzed by confocal microscopy. Our results indicate that the amino acids between residues 399 and 424 of NBCe1A contain important sequences that contribute to its localization to the plasma membrane...
June 15, 2012: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
Osamu Yamazaki, Hideomi Yamada, Masashi Suzuki, Shoko Horita, Ayumi Shirai, Motonobu Nakamura, George Seki, Toshiro Fujita
The electrogenic Na(+)-HCO(3)(-) cotransporter NBCe1 encoded by SLC4A4 plays essential roles in the regulation of intracellular/extracellular pH. Homozygous mutations in NBCe1 cause proximal renal tubular acidosis associated with ocular abnormalities. In the present study, we tried to perform functional characterization of the four nonsynonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), E122G, S356Y, K558R, and N640I in NBCe1A. Functional analysis in Xenopus oocytes revealed that while the K558R variant had a significantly reduced transport activity corresponding to 47% of the wild-type activity, the remaining variants E122G, S356Y, and N640I did not change the NBCe1A activity...
February 2011: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
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