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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717971/subnetwork-mining-on-functional-connectivity-network-for-classification-of-minimal-hepatic-encephalopathy
#1
Daoqiang Zhang, Liyang Tu, Long-Jiang Zhang, Biao Jie, Guang-Ming Lu
Hepatic encephalopathy (HE), as a complication of cirrhosis, is a serious brain disease, which may lead to death. Accurate diagnosis of HE and its intermediate stage, i.e., minimal HE (MHE), is very important for possibly early diagnosis and treatment. Brain connectivity network, as a simple representation of brain interaction, has been widely used for the brain disease (e.g., HE and MHE) analysis. However, those studies mainly focus on finding disease-related abnormal connectivity between brain regions, although a large number of studies have indicated that some brain diseases are usually related to local structure of brain connectivity network (i...
July 17, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710816/electrochemical-and-structural-characterization-of-azotobacter-vinelandii-flavodoxin-ii
#2
Helen M Segal, Thomas Spatzal, Michael G Hill, Andrew K Udit, Douglas C Rees
Azotobacter vinelandii flavodoxin II serves as a physiological reductant of nitrogenase, the enzyme system mediating biological nitrogen fixation. Wildtype A. vinelandii flavodoxin II was electrochemically and crystallographically characterized to better understand the molecular basis for this functional role. The redox properties were monitored on surfactant-modified basal plane graphite electrodes, with two distinct redox couples measured by cyclic voltammetry corresponding to reduction potentials of -483 ± 1 mV and -187 ± 9 mV (vs...
July 14, 2017: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704808/enhanced-reactive-oxygen-species-production-acidic-cytosolic-ph-and-upregulated-na-h-exchanger-nhe-in-dicer-deficient-cd4-t-cells
#3
Yogesh Singh, Yuetao Zhou, Shaqiu Zhang, Khalid N M Abdelazeem, Bernat Elvira, Madhuri S Salker, Florian Lang
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) negatively regulate gene expression at a post-transcriptional level. Dicer, a cytoplasmic RNase III enzyme, is required for the maturation of miRNAs from precursor miRNAs. Dicer, therefore, is a critical enzyme involved in the biogenesis and processing of miRNAs. Several biological processes are controlled by miRNAs, including the regulation of T cell development and function. T cells generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) with parallel H+ extrusion accomplished by the Na+/H+-exchanger 1 (NHE1)...
July 14, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684464/ammonia-independent-sodium-uptake-mediated-by-na-channels-and-nhes-in-the-freshwater-ribbon-leech-nephelopsis-obscura
#4
Alex R Quijada-Rodriguez, Aaron G Schultz, Jonathan M Wilson, Yuhe He, Garett J P Allen, Greg G Goss, Dirk Weihrauch
Freshwater organisms actively take up ions from their environment to counter diffusive ion losses due to inhabiting hypo-osmotic environments. The mechanisms behind active Na(+) uptake are quite well understood in freshwater teleosts, however, the mechanisms employed by invertebrates are not. Pharmacological and molecular approaches were used to investigate Na(+) uptake mechanisms and their link to ammonia excretion in the ribbon leech Nephelopsis obscura At the molecular level, we identified a Na(+) channel and a Na(+)/H(+)-exchanger (NHE) in the skin of N...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655564/enhanced-limbic-impaired-cortical-loop-connection-onto-the-hippocampus-of-nhe-rats-application-of-resting-state-functional-connectivity-in-a-preclinical-adhd-model
#5
F Zoratto, G M Palombelli, L A Ruocco, E Carboni, G Laviola, A G Sadile, W Adriani, R Canese
Due to a hyperfunctioning mesocorticolimbic system, Naples-High-Excitability (NHE) rats have been proposed to model for the meso-cortical variant of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Compared to Naples Random-Bred (NRB) controls, NHE rats show hyperactivity, impaired non-selective attention (Aspide et al., 1998), and impaired selective spatial attention (Ruocco et al., 2009a, 2014). Alteration in limbic functions has been proposed; however, resulting unbalance among forebrain areas has not been assessed yet...
June 26, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648068/redox-activity-of-oxo-bridged-iridium-dimers-in-an-n-o-donor-environment-characterization-of-remarkably-stable-ir-iv-v-complexes
#6
Shashi Bhushan Sinha, Dimitar Y Shopov, Liam S Sharninghausen, Christopher J Stein, Brandon Q Mercado, David Balcells, Thomas Bondo Pedersen, Markus Reiher, Gary W Brudvig, Robert H Crabtree
Chemical and electrochemical oxidation or reduction of our recently reported Ir(IV,IV) mono-μ-oxo dimers results in the formation of fully characterized Ir(IV,V) and Ir(III,III) complexes. The Ir(IV,V) dimers are unprecedented and exhibit remarkable stability under ambient conditions. This stability and modest reduction potential of 0.99 V vs NHE is in part attributed to complete charge delocalization across both Ir centers. Trends in crystallographic bond lengths and angles shed light on the structural changes accompanying oxidation and reduction...
July 5, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613070/engineering-high-potential-photo-oxidants-with-panchromatic-absorption
#7
Ting Jiang, Nicholas F Polizzi, Jeff Rawson, Michael J Therien
Challenging photochemistry demands high-potential visible-light-absorbing photo-oxidants. We report (i) a highly electron-deficient Ru(II) complex (eDef-Rutpy) bearing an E1/2(0/+) potential more than 300 mV more positive than that of any established Ru(II) bis(terpyridyl) derivative, and (ii) an ethyne-bridged eDef-Rutpy-(porphinato)Zn(II) (eDef-RuPZn) supermolecule that affords both panchromatic UV-vis spectral domain absorptivity and a high E1/2(0/+) potential, comparable to that of Ce(NH4)2(NO3)6 [E1/2(Ce(3+/4+)) = 1...
June 14, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605830/sustained-intracellular-acidosis-triggers-the-na-h-exchager-1-activation-in-glutamate-excitotoxicity
#8
Bo Kyung Lee, Yi-Sook Jung
The Na(+)/H(+) exchanger-1 (NHE-1) is a ubiquitously expressed pH-regulatory membrane protein that functions in the brain, heart, and other organs. It is increased by intracellular acidosis through the interaction of intracellular H(+) with an allosteric modifier site in the transport domain. In the previous study, we reported that glutamate-induced NHE-1 phosphorylation mediated by activation of protein kinase C-β (PKC-β) in cultured neuron cells via extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK)/p90 ribosomal s6 kinases (p90RSK) pathway results in NHE-1 activation...
June 14, 2017: Biomolecules & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546154/synergistic-mucus-secretion-by-histamine-and-il-4-through-tmem16a-in-airway-epithelium
#9
Ju Wan Kang, Yong Hyuk Lee, Min Jeong Kang, Hyun Jae Lee, Ryung Oh, Hyun Jin Min, Wan Namkung, Jae Young Choi, Sang Nam Lee, Chang-Hoon Kim, Joo-Heon Yoon, Hyung-Ju Cho
Histamine is an important mediator of allergic reactions, and mucus hypersecretion is a major allergic symptom. However, the direct effect of histamine on mucus secretion from airway mucosal epithelia has not been clearly demonstrated. TMEM16A is a Ca2+-activated chloride channel, and it is closely related to fluid secretion in airway mucosal epithelia. We investigated whether histamine directly induces fluid secretion from epithelial cells or submucosal glands (SMG) and mechanisms related therewith in allergic airway diseases...
May 25, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544170/hamstring-injury-prevention-in-soccer-before-or-after-training
#10
R Lovell, M Knox, M Weston, J C Siegler, S Brennan, P W M Marshall
We examined the effects of a 12-week program of Nordic hamstring exercises (NHE), administered before or after football training, upon eccentric hamstring strength, muscle activity, and architectural adaptations. Amateur soccer players were randomized into three groups. The control group (CON; n=11) undertook core stability exercises, whereas a periodized NHE program was delivered either before (NHEBEF ; n=10) or after (NHEAFT ; n=14) biweekly training sessions. Outcome measures included peak torque and concomitant normalized peak surface electromyography signals (sEMG) of the biceps femoris (BF) and medial hamstring (MH) muscles during knee flexor maximal eccentric contractions, performed at 30°·s(-1) ...
May 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532308/contributions-of-national-and-global-health-estimates-to-monitoring-health-related-sustainable-development-goals-in-thailand
#11
Kanitta Bundhamcharoen, Supon Limwattananon, Khanitta Kusreesakul, Viroj Tangcharoensathien
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) triggered increased demand for data on child and maternal mortality for monitoring progress. With the advent of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and growing evidence of an epidemiological transition towards non-communicable diseases, policy makers need data on mortality and disease trends and distribution to inform effective policies and support monitoring progress. Where there are limited capacities to produce national health estimates (NHEs), global health estimates (GHEs) can fill gaps for global monitoring and comparisons...
January 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526336/activation-of-na-h-exchanger-other-than-formation-of-transmembrane-pore-underlies-the-cytotoxicity-of-nematocyst-venom-from-chrysaora-helvola-brandt-jellyfish
#12
Lanlan Fan, Jun Luo, Xiaoyong Li, Ming Chen, Wei Shu, Xiaosheng Qu
We previously reported unexpected apoptosis-like cell death induced by nematocyst venom (NV) from Chrysaora helvola Brandt (C. helvola) jellyfish. To assess whether the pore formation mechanism underlay the action of NV, the change in cell membrane permeability was studied in both chicken erythrocytes and human CNE-2 cells. Initially, paradoxical results were derived from osmoprotectant protection assays. Polyethylene glycol (PEG)2000, which completely inhibited the NV induced hemolysis, failed to protect CNE-2 cells...
July 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515790/comparative-genomic-analysis-reveals-genetic-features-related-to-the-virulence-of-bacillus-cereus-forc_013
#13
Hyun-Jin Koo, Sojin Ahn, Han Young Chung, Suyeon Kim, Kwondo Kim, Sangryeol Ryu, Ju-Hoon Lee, Sang Ho Choi, Heebal Kim
BACKGROUND: Bacillus cereus is well known as a gastrointestinal pathogen that causes food-borne illness. In the present study, we sequenced the complete genome of B. cereus FORC_013 isolated from fried eel in South Korea. To extend our understanding of the genomic characteristics of FORC_013, we conducted a comparative analysis with the published genomes of other B. cereus strains. RESULTS: We fully assembled the single circular chromosome (5,418,913 bp) and one plasmid (259,749 bp); 5511 open reading frames (ORFs) and 283 ORFs were predicted for the chromosome and plasmid, respectively...
2017: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498430/uva-induced-upregulation-of-progerin-suppresses-53bp1%C3%A2-mediated-nhej-dsb-repair-in-human-keratinocytes-via-progerin-lamin%C3%A2-a-complex-formation
#14
Xin Huang, Yun Pan, Di Cao, Sheng Fang, Kun Huang, Jin Chen, Aijun Chen
Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is the primary risk factor underlying photoaging and photocarcinogenesis. Mounting research has focused on the role of DNA damage response pathways in UV-induced double-strand break (DSB) repair. In the present study, we hypothesized that UVA-induced aberrant progerin upregulation may adversely affect p53-binding protein 1 (53BP1)-mediated non-homologous end joining (NHE) DSB repair in human keratinocytes. Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) tumors and matching normal skin tissue were sampled (n=200) to investigate whether human keratinocytes display dysregulated progerin expression as a function of advancing age and BCC status...
April 26, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493993/mechanism-of-down-regulation-of-na-h-exchanger-2-in-experimental-colitis
#15
Amal Ali Soleiman, Farook Thameem, Islam Khan
BACKGROUND: The Na-H exchanger [NHE] performs an electroneutral uptake of NaCl and water from the lumen of the gastrointestinal tract. There are several distinct NHE isoforms, some of which show an altered expression in the inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). In this study, we examined a role of NHE-2 in experimental colitis. METHODS: Colitis was induced in male Sprague-Dawley rats by intra-rectal administration of trinitrobenzenesulphonic acid (TNBS). On day 6 post-TNBS, the animals were sacrificed, colonic and ileal segments were taken out, cleaned with phosphate buffered saline and used in this study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490422/cftr-mediated-anion-secretion-across-intestinal-epithelium-like-caco-2-monolayer-under-pth-stimulation-is-dependent-on-intermediate-conductance-k-channels
#16
Walailak Jantarajit, Kornkamon Lertsuwan, Jarinthorn Teerapornpuntakit, Nateetip Krishnamra, Narattaphol Charoenphandhu
Parathyroid hormone (PTH), a pleiotropic hormone that maintains mineral homeostasis, is also essential for controlling pH balance and ion transport across renal and intestinal epithelia. Optimization of luminal pH is important for absorption of trace elements, e.g., calcium and phosphorus. We have previously demonstrated that PTH rapidly stimulated electrogenic HCO3(-) secretion in intestinal epithelial-like Caco-2 monolayer, but the underlying cellular mechanism, contributions of other ions, particularly Cl(-) and K(+), and long-lasting responses are not completely understood...
May 10, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471683/the-consequences-of-overlapping-g-quadruplexes-and-i-motifs-in-the-platelet-derived-growth-factor-receptor-%C3%AE-core-promoter-nuclease-hypersensitive-element-can-explain-the-unexpected-effects-of-mutations-and-provide-opportunities-for-selective-targeting-of-both
#17
Robert V Brown, Ting Wang, Venkateshwar Reddy Chappeta, Guanhui Wu, Buket Onel, Reena Chawla, Hector Quijada, Sara M Camp, Eddie T Chiang, Quinea R Lassiter, Carmen Lee, Shivani Phanse, Megan A Turnidge, Ping Zhao, Joe G N Garcia, Vijay Gokhale, Danzhou Yang, Laurence H Hurley
The platelet-derived growth factor receptor β (PDGFR-β) signaling pathway is a validated and important target for the treatment of certain malignant and nonmalignant pathologies. We previously identified a G-quadruplex-forming nuclease hypersensitive element (NHE) in the human PDGFR-β promoter that putatively forms four overlapping G-quadruplexes. Therefore, we further investigated the structures and biological roles of the G-quadruplexes and i-motifs in the PDGFR-β NHE with the ultimate goal of demonstrating an alternate and effective strategy for molecularly targeting the PDGFR-β pathway...
June 7, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471164/correlation-between-charge-recombination-and-lateral-hole-hopping-kinetics-in-a-series-of-cis-ru-phen-dcb-ncs-2-dye-sensitized-solar-cells
#18
Renato N Sampaio, Andressa V Müller, André S Polo, Gerald J Meyer
Four complexes of the general form cis-Ru(phen')(dcb)(NCS)2, where dcb is 4,4'-(CO2H)2-2,2'-bipyridine and phen' is 1,10-phenanthroline (phen), 4,7-(C6H5)2-phen (Ph2-phen), 4,7-(CH3)2-phen (Me2-phen), or 3,4,7,8-(CH3)4-phen (Me4-phen), were anchored to mesoporous TiO2 thin films for applications as sensitizers in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The compounds displayed metal based reductions E(o)(Ru(III/II)) = 1.01 ± 0.05 V vs NHE and were potent reductants competent of excited-state electron transfer to TiO2 with yields ϕinj ≥ 0...
May 4, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459795/four-weeks-of-nordic-hamstring-exercise-reduce-muscle-injury-risk-factors-in-young-adults
#19
João Breno de A R Alvares, Vanessa Bernardes Marques, Marco Aurélio Vaz, Bruno Manfredini Baroni
The Nordic hamstring exercise (NHE) is a field-based exercise designed for knee-flexor eccentric strengthening, aimed at muscle strains prevention. However, possible effects of NHE programmes on other hamstring injury risk factors remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a NHE training programme on multiple hamstring injury risk factors. Twenty physically active young adults were allocated into two equal sized groups: control group (CG) and training group (TG). The TG was engaged in a 4-week NHE programme, twice a week, 3 sets of 6-10 repetitions; while CG received no exercise intervention...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439276/transcriptome-comparison-reveals-the-adaptive-evolution-of-two-contrasting-ecotypes-of-zn-cd-hyperaccumulator-sedum-alfredii-hance
#20
Qianying Yang, M J I Shohag, Ying Feng, Zhenli He, Xiaoe Yang
Hyperaccumulating ecotype (HE) and non-hyperaccumulating ecotype (NHE) of Sedum alfredii Hance belong to the same species but exhibit contrasting characteristics regarding hyperaccumulation and hypertolerance to cadmium and zinc. The Illumina Hiseq 2500 platform was employed to sequence HE and NHE to study the genetic evolution of this contrasting trait. Greater than 90 million clean reads were obtained and 118,479/228,051 unigenes of HE/NHE were annotated based on seven existing databases. We identified 149,668/319,830 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and 12,691/14,428 simple sequence repeats (SSRs) of HE/NHE...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
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