keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nhe

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613070/engineering-high-potential-photo-oxidants-with-panchromatic-absorption
#1
Ting Jiang, Nicholas F Polizzi, Jeff Rawson, Michael J Therien
Challenging photochemistry demands high-potential visible-light-absorbing photo-oxidants. We report (i) a highly electron-deficient Ru(II) complex (eDef-Rutpy) bearing an E1/2(0/+) potential more than 300 mV more positive than that of any established Ru(II) bis(terpyridyl) derivative, and (ii) an ethyne-bridged eDef-Rutpy-(porphinato)Zn(II) (eDef-RuPZn) supermolecule that affords both panchromatic UV-vis spectral domain absorptivity and a high E1/2(0/+) potential, comparable to that of Ce(NH4)2(NO3)6 [E1/2(Ce(3+/4+)) = 1...
June 14, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605830/sustained-intracellular-acidosis-triggers-the-na-h-exchager-1-activation-in-glutamate-excitotoxicity
#2
Bo Kyung Lee, Yi-Sook Jung
The Na(+)/H(+) exchanger-1 (NHE-1) is a ubiquitously expressed pH-regulatory membrane protein that functions in the brain, heart, and other organs. It is increased by intracellular acidosis through the interaction of intracellular H(+) with an allosteric modifier site in the transport domain. In the previous study, we reported that glutamate-induced NHE-1 phosphorylation mediated by activation of protein kinase C-β (PKC-β) in cultured neuron cells via extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK)/p90 ribosomal s6 kinases (p90RSK) pathway results in NHE-1 activation...
June 14, 2017: Biomolecules & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546154/synergistic-mucus-secretion-by-histamine-and-il-4-through-tmem16a-in-airway-epithelium
#3
Ju Wan Kang, Yong Hyuk Lee, Min Jeong Kang, Hyun Jae Lee, Ryung Oh, Hyun Jin Min, Wan Namkung, Jae Young Choi, Sang Nam Lee, Chang-Hoon Kim, Joo-Heon Yoon, Hyung-Ju Cho
Histamine is an important mediator of allergic reactions, and mucus hypersecretion is a major allergic symptom. However, the direct effect of histamine on mucus secretion from airway mucosal epithelia has not been clearly demonstrated. TMEM16A is a Ca2+-activated chloride channel, and it is closely related to fluid secretion in airway mucosal epithelia. We investigated whether histamine directly induces fluid secretion from epithelial cells or submucosal glands (SMG) and mechanisms related therewith in allergic airway diseases...
May 25, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544170/hamstring-injury-prevention-in-soccer-before-or-after-training
#4
Ric Lovell, Michael Knox, Matthew Weston, Jason C Siegler, Scott Brennan, Paul W M Marshall
We examined the effects of a 12-week program of Nordic hamstring exercises (NHE), administered before or after football training, upon eccentric hamstring strength, muscle activity, and architectural adaptations. Amateur soccer players were randomized into 3 groups. The control group (CON; n=11) undertook core stability exercises, whereas a periodized NHE program was delivered either before (NHEBEF ; n=10) or after (NHEAFT ; n=14) bi-weekly training sessions. Outcome measures included peak torque and concomitant normalized peak surface electromyography signals (sEMG) of the biceps femoris (BF) and medial hamstring (MH) muscles during knee flexor maximal eccentric contractions, performed at 30°·s(-1) ...
May 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532308/contributions-of-national-and-global-health-estimates-to-monitoring-health-related-sustainable-development-goals-in-thailand
#5
Kanitta Bundhamcharoen, Supon Limwattananon, Khanitta Kusreesakul, Viroj Tangcharoensathien
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) triggered increased demand for data on child and maternal mortality for monitoring progress. With the advent of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and growing evidence of an epidemiological transition towards non-communicable diseases, policy makers need data on mortality and disease trends and distribution to inform effective policies and support monitoring progress. Where there are limited capacities to produce national health estimates (NHEs), global health estimates (GHEs) can fill gaps for global monitoring and comparisons...
January 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526336/activation-of-na-h-exchanger-other-than-formation-of-transmembrane-pore-underlies-the-cytotoxicity-of-nematocyst-venom-from-chrysaora-helvola-brandt-jellyfish
#6
Lanlan Fan, Jun Luo, Xiaoyong Li, Ming Chen, Wei Shu, Xiaosheng Qu
We previously reported unexpected apoptosis-like cell death induced by nematocyst venom (NV) from Chrysaora helvola Brandt (C. helvola) jellyfish. To assess whether the pore formation mechanism underlay the action of NV, the change in cell membrane permeability was studied in both chicken erythrocytes and human CNE-2 cells. Initially, paradoxical results were derived from osmoprotectant protection assays. Polyethylene glycol (PEG)2000, which completely inhibited the NV induced hemolysis, failed to protect CNE-2 cells...
July 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515790/comparative-genomic-analysis-reveals-genetic-features-related-to-the-virulence-of-bacillus-cereus-forc_013
#7
Hyun-Jin Koo, Sojin Ahn, Han Young Chung, Suyeon Kim, Kwondo Kim, Sangryeol Ryu, Ju-Hoon Lee, Sang Ho Choi, Heebal Kim
BACKGROUND: Bacillus cereus is well known as a gastrointestinal pathogen that causes food-borne illness. In the present study, we sequenced the complete genome of B. cereus FORC_013 isolated from fried eel in South Korea. To extend our understanding of the genomic characteristics of FORC_013, we conducted a comparative analysis with the published genomes of other B. cereus strains. RESULTS: We fully assembled the single circular chromosome (5,418,913 bp) and one plasmid (259,749 bp); 5511 open reading frames (ORFs) and 283 ORFs were predicted for the chromosome and plasmid, respectively...
2017: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498430/uva-induced-upregulation-of-progerin-suppresses-53bp1%C3%A2-mediated-nhej-dsb-repair-in-human-keratinocytes-via-progerin-lamin%C3%A2-a-complex-formation
#8
Xin Huang, Yun Pan, Di Cao, Sheng Fang, Kun Huang, Jin Chen, Aijun Chen
Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is the primary risk factor underlying photoaging and photocarcinogenesis. Mounting research has focused on the role of DNA damage response pathways in UV-induced double-strand break (DSB) repair. In the present study, we hypothesized that UVA-induced aberrant progerin upregulation may adversely affect p53-binding protein 1 (53BP1)-mediated non-homologous end joining (NHE) DSB repair in human keratinocytes. Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) tumors and matching normal skin tissue were sampled (n=200) to investigate whether human keratinocytes display dysregulated progerin expression as a function of advancing age and BCC status...
April 26, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493993/mechanism-of-down-regulation-of-na-h-exchanger-2-in-experimental-colitis
#9
Amal Ali Soleiman, Farook Thameem, Islam Khan
BACKGROUND: The Na-H exchanger [NHE] performs an electroneutral uptake of NaCl and water from the lumen of the gastrointestinal tract. There are several distinct NHE isoforms, some of which show an altered expression in the inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). In this study, we examined a role of NHE-2 in experimental colitis. METHODS: Colitis was induced in male Sprague-Dawley rats by intra-rectal administration of trinitrobenzenesulphonic acid (TNBS). On day 6 post-TNBS, the animals were sacrificed, colonic and ileal segments were taken out, cleaned with phosphate buffered saline and used in this study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490422/cftr-mediated-anion-secretion-across-intestinal-epithelium-like-caco-2-monolayer-under-pth-stimulation-is-dependent-on-intermediate-conductance-k-channels
#10
Walailak Jantarajit, Kornkamon Lertsuwan, Jarinthorn Teerapornpuntakit, Nateetip Krishnamra, Narattaphol Charoenphandhu
Parathyroid hormone (PTH), a pleiotropic hormone that maintains mineral homeostasis, is also essential for controlling pH balance and ion transport across renal and intestinal epithelia. Optimization of luminal pH is important for absorption of trace elements, e.g., calcium and phosphorus. We have previously demonstrated that PTH rapidly stimulated electrogenic HCO3(-) secretion in intestinal epithelial-like Caco-2 monolayer, but the underlying cellular mechanism, contributions of other ions, particularly Cl(-) and K(+), and long-lasting responses are not completely understood...
May 10, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471683/the-consequences-of-overlapping-g-quadruplexes-and-i-motifs-in-the-platelet-derived-growth-factor-receptor-%C3%AE-core-promoter-nuclease-hypersensitive-element-can-explain-the-unexpected-effects-of-mutations-and-provide-opportunities-for-selective-targeting-of-both
#11
Robert V Brown, Ting Wang, Venkateshwar Reddy Chappeta, Guanhui Wu, Buket Onel, Reena Chawla, Hector Quijada, Sara M Camp, Eddie T Chiang, Quinea R Lassiter, Carmen Lee, Shivani Phanse, Megan A Turnidge, Ping Zhao, Joe G N Garcia, Vijay Gokhale, Danzhou Yang, Laurence H Hurley
The platelet-derived growth factor receptor β (PDGFR-β) signaling pathway is a validated and important target for the treatment of certain malignant and nonmalignant pathologies. We previously identified a G-quadruplex-forming nuclease hypersensitive element (NHE) in the human PDGFR-β promoter that putatively forms four overlapping G-quadruplexes. Therefore, we further investigated the structures and biological roles of the G-quadruplexes and i-motifs in the PDGFR-β NHE with the ultimate goal of demonstrating an alternate and effective strategy for molecularly targeting the PDGFR-β pathway...
June 7, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471164/correlation-between-charge-recombination-and-lateral-hole-hopping-kinetics-in-a-series-of-cis-ru-phen-dcb-ncs-2-dye-sensitized-solar-cells
#12
Renato N Sampaio, Andressa V Müller, André S Polo, Gerald J Meyer
Four complexes of the general form cis-Ru(phen')(dcb)(NCS)2, where dcb is 4,4'-(CO2H)2-2,2'-bipyridine and phen' is 1,10-phenanthroline (phen), 4,7-(C6H5)2-phen (Ph2-phen), 4,7-(CH3)2-phen (Me2-phen), or 3,4,7,8-(CH3)4-phen (Me4-phen), were anchored to mesoporous TiO2 thin films for applications as sensitizers in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The compounds displayed metal based reductions E(o)(Ru(III/II)) = 1.01 ± 0.05 V vs NHE and were potent reductants competent of excited-state electron transfer to TiO2 with yields ϕinj ≥ 0...
May 4, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459795/four-weeks-of-nordic-hamstring-exercise-reduce-muscle-injury-risk-factors-in-young-adults
#13
João Breno de A R Alvares, Vanessa Bernardes Marques, Marco Aurélio Vaz, Bruno Manfredini Baroni
The Nordic hamstring exercise (NHE) is a field-based exercise designed for knee-flexor eccentric strengthening, aimed at muscle strains prevention. However, possible effects of NHE programmes on other hamstring injury risk factors remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a NHE training programme on multiple hamstring injury risk factors. Twenty physically active young adults were allocated into two equal sized groups: control group (CG) and training group (TG). The TG was engaged in a 4-week NHE programme, twice a week, 3 sets of 6-10 repetitions; while CG received no exercise intervention...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439276/transcriptome-comparison-reveals-the-adaptive-evolution-of-two-contrasting-ecotypes-of-zn-cd-hyperaccumulator-sedum-alfredii-hance
#14
Qianying Yang, M J I Shohag, Ying Feng, Zhenli He, Xiaoe Yang
Hyperaccumulating ecotype (HE) and non-hyperaccumulating ecotype (NHE) of Sedum alfredii Hance belong to the same species but exhibit contrasting characteristics regarding hyperaccumulation and hypertolerance to cadmium and zinc. The Illumina Hiseq 2500 platform was employed to sequence HE and NHE to study the genetic evolution of this contrasting trait. Greater than 90 million clean reads were obtained and 118,479/228,051 unigenes of HE/NHE were annotated based on seven existing databases. We identified 149,668/319,830 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and 12,691/14,428 simple sequence repeats (SSRs) of HE/NHE...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436673/unique-rhizosphere-microcharacteristics-facilitate-phytoextraction-of-multiple-metals-in-soil-by-the-hyperaccumulating-plant-sedum-alfredii
#15
Dandi Hou, Kai Wang, Ting Liu, Haixin Wang, Zhi Lin, Jie Qian, Lingli Lu, Shengke Tian
Understanding the strategies that the roots of hyperaccumulating plants use to extract heavy metals from soils is important for optimizing phytoremediation. The rhizosphere characteristics of Sedum alfredii, a hyperaccumulator, were investigated 6 months after it had been planted in weathered field soils contaminated with 5.8 μg of Cd g(-1), 1985.1 μg of Zn g(-1), 667.5 μg of Pb g(-1), and 698.8 μg of Cu g(-1). In contrast with the non-hyperaccumulating ecotype (NHE), the hyperaccumulating ecotype (HE) of S...
May 3, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407073/uptake-sequestration-and-tolerance-of-cadmium-at-cellular-levels-in-the-hyperaccumulator-plant-species-sedum-alfredii
#16
Shengke Tian, Ruohan Xie, Haixin Wang, Yan Hu, Dandi Hou, Xingcheng Liao, Patrick H Brown, Hongxia Yang, Xianyong Lin, John M Labavitch, Lingli Lu
Sedum alfredii is one of a few plant species known to hyperaccumulate cadmium (Cd). Uptake, localization, and tolerance of Cd at cellular levels in shoots were compared in hyperaccumulating (HE) and non-hyperaccumulating (NHE) ecotypes of Sedum alfredii. X-ray fluorescence images of Cd in stems and leaves showed only a slight Cd signal restricted within vascular bundles in the NHEs, while enhanced localization of Cd, with significant tissue- and age-dependent variations, was detected in HEs. In contrast to the vascular-enriched Cd in young stems, parenchyma cells in leaf mesophyll, stem pith and cortex tissues served as terminal storage sites for Cd sequestration in HEs...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378863/electrocatalytic-water-oxidation-by-copper-ii-complexes-containing-a-tetra-or-pentadentate-amine-pyridine-ligand
#17
Junyu Shen, Mei Wang, Peili Zhang, Jian Jiang, Licheng Sun
Two water soluble copper(ii) complexes containing amine-pyridine ligands were found to be catalytically active for water oxidation reactions in basic solutions, with observed rate constants of 13.1-18.7 s(-1). These complexes are robust in basic solutions and displayed good stability over 5 h of electrolysis in pH 11.5 phosphate buffer at 1.4 V vs. NHE.
April 5, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378089/interleukin-13-increases-pendrin-abundance-to-the-cell-surface-in-bronchial-nci-h292-cells-via-rho-actin-signaling
#18
Annamaria Russo, Marianna Ranieri, Annarita Di Mise, Silvia Dossena, Tommaso Pellegrino, Emilia Furia, Charity Nofziger, Lucantonio Debellis, Markus Paulmichl, Giovanna Valenti, Grazia Tamma
Interleukin-13 (IL13) is a major player in the development of airway hyperresponsiveness in several respiratory disorders. Emerging data suggest that an increased expression of pendrin in airway epithelia is associated with elevated airway hyperreactivity in asthma. Here, we investigate the effect of IL13 on pendrin localization and function using bronchiolar NCI-H292 cells. The data obtained revealed that IL13 increases the cell surface expression of pendrin. This effect was paralleled by a significant increase in the intracellular pH, possibly via indirect stimulation of NHE...
April 4, 2017: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330874/high-resolution-three-dimensional-nmr-structure-of-the-kras-proto-oncogene-promoter-reveals-key-features-of-a-g-quadruplex-involved-in-transcriptional-regulation
#19
Abdelaziz Kerkour, Julien Marquevielle, Stefaniia Ivashchenko, Liliya A Yatsunyk, Jean-Louis Mergny, Gilmar F Salgado
Non-canonical base pairing within guanine-rich DNA and RNA sequences can produce G-quartets, whose stacking leads to the formation of a G-quadruplex (G4). G4s can coexist with canonical duplex DNA in the human genome and have been suggested to suppress gene transcription, and much attention has therefore focused on studying G4s in promotor regions of disease-related genes. For example, the human KRAS proto-oncogene contains a nuclease-hypersensitive element located upstream of the major transcription start site...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314091/changes-in-muscle-architecture-of-biceps-femoris-induced-by-eccentric-strength-training-with-nordic-hamstring-exercise
#20
D Alonso-Fernandez, P Docampo-Blanco, J Martinez-Fernandez
Eccentric strength training alters muscle architecture, but it is also an important factor for the prevention of hamstring injuries. The purpose was to determine the architectural adaptations of the biceps femoris long head (BFlh) after eccentric strength training with nordic hamstring exercise (NHE), followed by a subsequent detraining period. The participants in this intervention (n=23) completed a period of 13 weeks consisting of a first week of control and prior training, followed by 8 weeks of eccentric strength training with NHE, and concluding with a 4-week period of detraining...
March 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
keyword
keyword
25421
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"