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Junko Wakao, Tsunao Kishida, Shigehisa Fumino, Koseki Kimura, Kenta Yamamoto, Shin-Ichiro Kotani, Katsura Mizushima, Yuji Naito, Toshikazu Yoshikawa, Tatsuro Tajiri, Osam Mazda
The skeletal muscle consists of contractile myofibers and plays essential roles for maintenance of body posture, movement, and metabolic regulation. During the development and regeneration of the skeletal muscle tissue, the myoblasts fuse into multinucleated myotubes that subsequently form myofibers. Transplantation of myoblasts may make possible a novel regenerative therapy against defects or dysfunction of the skeletal muscle. It is reported that rodent fibroblasts are converted into myoblast-like cells and fuse to form syncytium after forced expression of exogenous myogenic differentiation 1 (MYOD1) that is a key transcription factor for myoblast differentiation...
June 24, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Songita A Choudhury, Feng Xie, Paul A Dayton, Thomas R Porter
BACKGROUND: Commercially available microbubbles such as Definity contain octafluoropropane encapsulated in a lipid shell. This perfluorocarbon can be compressed into liquid nanodroplets at room temperatures and activated with transthoracic diagnostic ultrasound. The aim of this study was to determine the size range and acoustic characteristics of Definity nanodroplets (DNDs) compared with Definity microbubbles (DMBs). METHODS: An in vitro flow system was used with a diagnostic ultrasound transducer (S5-1, iE33)...
February 2017: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Fotios Sampaziotis, Joshua Elias, William T H Gelson, Alexander E Gimson, William J H Griffiths, Jeremy Woodward, Mohamed Shariff, Bruce Macfarlane, Alistair King, Gareth Corbett, Anthony Leahy
OBJECTIVES: Fully covered self-expanding metal stents (FCSEMS) constitute the first type of metal stent that can easily be removed endoscopically and/or intraoperatively, which may be advantageous in the management of distal malignant biliary strictures (DMBS). To assess the efficacy of FCSEMS as first-line treatment for DMBS, we compared patency, survival and complication rates between FCSEMS, uncovered self-expanding metal stents (USEMS) and plastic stents (PS). METHODS: This was a multicentre retrospective study of 315 consecutive patients with DMBS, who underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and stenting (FCSEMS, USEMS or PS) at two hospitals between 1 January 2007 and 31 December 2013...
November 2015: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Abdul Jabbar Al-Rajab, Lyne Sabourin, David R Lapen, Edward Topp
In many jurisdictions land application of municipal biosolids is a valued source of nutrients for crop production. The practice must be managed to ensure that crops and adjacent water are not subject to contamination by pharmaceuticals or other organic contaminants. The broad spectrum antimicrobial agents triclosan (TCS) and triclocarban (TCC), the anti-epileptic drug carbamazepine (CBZ), and the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug naproxen (NAP) are widely used and are carried in biosolids. In the present study, the effect of biosolids and depth of placement in the soil profile on the rates of TCS, TCC, CBZ, and NAP dissipation were evaluated under semi-field conditions...
April 15, 2015: Science of the Total Environment
Timothy J Boyle, Louis J Tribby, Leigh Anna M Ottley, Sang M Han
A series of novel germanium(II) precursors was synthesized to initiate an investigation between the precursors' structures and the morphologies of the resulting nanoparticles. The precursors were synthesized from the reaction of Ge[N(SiMe3)2]2 or [Ge(OBu(t))2]2 and the appropriate ligand: N,N'-dibenzylethylenediamine (H2-DBED), tert-butanol (H-OBu(t)), 2,6-di-methyl phenol (H-DMP), 2,6-di-phenyl phenol (H-DPP), tert-butyldimethylsilanol (H-DMBS), triphenylsilanol (H-TPS), triphenylsilanethiol (H-TPST), and benzenethiol (H-PS)...
December 1, 2009: European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Jun Liu, Hockin H K Xu, Hongzhi Zhou, Michael D Weir, Qianming Chen, Carroll Ann Trotman
There has been little research on the seeding of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs) in three-dimensional scaffolds for muscle tissue engineering. The objectives of this study were: (i) to seed hUCMSCs in a fibrin hydrogel containing fast-degradable microbeads (dMBs) to create macropores to enhance cell viability; and (ii) to investigate the encapsulated cell proliferation and myogenic differentiation for muscle tissue engineering. Mass fractions of 0-80% of dMBs were tested, and 35% of dMBs in fibrin was shown to avoid fibrin shrinkage while creating macropores and promoting cell viability...
January 2013: Acta Biomaterialia
N Gottschall, E Topp, C Metcalfe, M Edwards, M Payne, S Kleywegt, P Russell, D R Lapen
Dewatered municipal biosolids (DMBs) were applied to a field at a rate of ~22 Mg dw ha(-1) in October 2008. Pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) were monitored in groundwater, tile drainage, soil, DMB aggregates incorporated into the soil post-land application, and in the grain of wheat grown on the field for a period of ~1 year following application. Over 80 PPCPs were analyzed in the source DMB. PPCPs selected for in-depth monitoring included: antibiotics (tetracyclines, fluoroquinolones), bacteriocides (triclosan, triclocarban), beta-blockers (atenolol, propranolol, metaprolol), antidepressants (fluoxetine, citalopram, venlafaxine, sertraline), antifungals (miconazole), analgesics (acetaminophen, ibuprofen) and anticonvulsants (carbamazepine)...
April 2012: Chemosphere
Ludan Li, Mengzhou Xie, Mengmeng Zhao, Junfeng He, Yu Wang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of Euonymus alatus on the blood glucose and hemorheology in rat model of Type 2 diabetes mellitus with blood stagnation (DMBS). METHODS: High fat diet with streptozocin was used to establish the rat model of Type 2 diabetes mellitus, followed by the prednisolone and adrenaline muscle injection to obtain DMBS. DMBS rats were divided into a DMBS group (treated with saline gavage), an Euonymus alatus group (treated with Euonymus alatus gavage), and a glybenzoylamide group (treated with glybenzoylamide gavage)...
February 2011: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
X Dong, K H Ko, J Chow, B Tuo, K E Barrett, H Dong
AIMS: As little is currently known about acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) in intestinal epithelial cells, the aims of the present study were to investigate the expression and function of ASICs in intestinal epithelial cells, particularly their physiological role in the acid-stimulated duodenal mucosal bicarbonate secretion (DMBS). METHODS: RT-PCR and digital Ca²(+) imaging were used to determine the expression and function of ASICs in HT29 cells and SCBN cells, intestinal epithelial crypt cell lines...
January 2011: Acta Physiologica
Toufic Elbeaino, Michele Digiaro, Abdulkader Alabdullah, Angelo De Stradis, Angelantonio Minafra, Nicole Mielke, Maria Antonietta Castellano, Giovanni P Martelli
Several dsRNA bands (approx. 0.6-7 kbp in size) were recovered from tissues of mosaic-diseased fig seedlings which contained the enveloped round structures known as double membrane bodies (DMBs). blast analysis of a 4353 and a 1120 nt sequence from the two largest RNA segments showed homology with the polymerase and the putative glycoprotein precursor genes of negative-sense single-stranded RNA viruses of the family Bunyaviridae. Negative- and positive-sense riboprobes designed from both RNA segments hybridized to two bands of approximately 7 and 2...
May 2009: Journal of General Virology
Xiao Dong, Eric James Smoll, Kwang Hyun Ko, Jonathan Lee, Jimmy Yip Chow, Ho Dong Kim, Paul A Insel, Hui Dong
Since little is known about the role of P2Y receptors (purinoceptors) in duodenal mucosal bicarbonate secretion (DMBS), we sought to investigate the expression and function of these receptors in duodenal epithelium. Expression of P2Y(2) receptors was detected by RT-PCR in mouse duodenal epithelium and SCBN cells, a duodenal epithelial cell line. UTP, a P2Y(2)-receptor agonist, but not ADP (10 microM), significantly induced murine duodenal short-circuit current and DMBS in vitro; these responses were abolished by suramin (300 microM), a P2Y-receptor antagonist, or 2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borate (2-APB; 100 microM), a store-operated channel blocker...
February 2009: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
S Hoshi, K Higashihara, M Suzuki, Y Sakurada, K Sugawara, M Uto, K Akatsuka
Amberlite XAD-7 resin coated with dimethylglyoxal bis(4-phenyl-3-thiosemicarbazone) (DMBS) was prepared and applied to the preconcentration of platinum(II) and palladium(II) from aqueous solution. Platinum(II) and palladium(II) were collected quantitatively on resin coated with the reagent (DMBS-XAD-7) from acidic solution in the presence of iodide ion by a bach method. The metal ions were then easily eluted from DMBS-XAD-7 as their DMBS chelates with a small volume of N,N-dimethylformamide. This collection and elution method was applied to the simultaneous determination of platinum(II) and palladium(II) by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography with spectrophotometric detection using an ODS column and acetone-water as the mobile phase...
April 1997: Talanta
S Hoshi, H Fujisawa, K Nakamura, S Nakata, M Uto, K Akatsuka
The Amberlite XAD resins coated with dithiosemicarbazones were prepared and their collection behavior of metal ions from aqueous solution was investigated. Among the resins used, the reagent-loaded Amberlite XAD-7 was found to be superior for the collection of metal ions to other reagent-loaded resins used. The quantitative collection of mercury(II), palladium(II) and copper(II) was obtained from acidic medium, while cadmium(II) and lead(II) was obtained from neutral medium by the Amberlite XAD-7 resin coated with dimethylglyoxal bis(4-phenyl-3-thiosemicarbazone) (DMBS)...
April 1994: Talanta
Anders Smith, Cheyanne Contreras, Kwang Hyun Ko, Jimmy Chow, Xiao Dong, Biguang Tuo, Hong-hai Zhang, Dong-bao Chen, Hui Dong
Because human duodenal mucosal bicarbonate secretion (DMBS) protects duodenum against acid-peptic injury, we hypothesize that estrogen stimulates DMBS, thereby attributing to the clinically observed lower incidence of duodenal ulcer in premenopausal women than the age-matched men. We found that basal and acid-stimulated DMBS responses were 1.5 and 2.4-fold higher in female than male mice in vivo, respectively. Acid-stimulated DMBS in both genders was abolished by ICI 182,780 and tamoxifen. Estradiol-17beta (E2) and the selective estrogen receptor (ER) agonists of ERalpha [1,3,5-Tris(4-hydroxyphenyl)-4-propyl-1H-pyrazole] and ERbeta [2,3-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl) propionitrile], but not progesterone, rapidly stimulated ER-dependent murine DMBS in vivo...
September 2008: Endocrinology
Tomoaki Mitonaka, Yoshiyuki Muramatsu, Shin Sugiyama, Tomoaki Mizuno, Yasuyoshi Nishida
Reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton and contraction of actomyosin play pivotal roles in controlling cell shape changes and motility in epithelial morphogenesis. Dephosphorylation of the myosin regulatory light chain (MRLC) by myosin phosphatase is one of the key events involved. Allelic combinations producing intermediate strength mutants of the Drosophila myosin-binding subunit (DMBS) of myosin phosphatase showed imaginal discs with multilayered disrupted morphologies, and extremely mislocated cells, suggesting that DMBS is required to maintain proper epithelial organization...
September 1, 2007: Developmental Biology
Markus Sjöblom, Olof Nylander
When running in vivo experiments, it is imperative to keep arterial blood pressure and acid-base parameters within the normal physiological range. The aim of this investigation was to explore the consequences of anesthesia-induced acidosis on basal and PGE(2)-stimulated duodenal bicarbonate secretion. Mice (strain C57bl/6J) were kept anesthetized by a spontaneous inhalation of isoflurane. Mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), arterial acid-base balance, and duodenal mucosal bicarbonate secretion (DMBS) were studied...
March 2007: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Anders J Smith, Alfred E Chappell, Andre G Buret, Kim E Barrett, Hui Dong
Although duodenal mucosal bicarbonate secretion (DMBS) is currently accepted as an important defense mechanism against acid-induced duodenal injury, the mechanism and the regulation of DMBS are largely unknown. 5-HT may regulate DMBS, but little is known about its physiological relevance in DMBS and the underlying mechanism(s). Thus, the aims of the present study were to demonstrate the role of 5-HT in acid-stimulated DMBS and to further elucidate the precise mechanisms involved in this process. Luminal acid stimulation significantly increased 5-HT release from the duodenal mucosa (P<0...
December 2006: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Lars Mulder, Leo J van Ruijven, Jan Harm Koolstra, Theo M G J van Eijden
The purpose of the present study was to examine the changes in apparent mechanical properties of trabecular bone in the mandibular condyle during fetal development and to investigate the contributions of altering architecture, and degree and distribution of mineralization to this change. Three-dimensional, high-resolution micro-computed tomography (microCT) reconstructions were utilized to assess the altering architecture and mineralization during development. From the reconstructions, inhomogeneous finite element models were constructed, in which the tissue moduli were scaled to the local degree of mineralization of bone (DMB)...
2007: Journal of Biomechanics
Hui Dong, Anders Smith, Marjan Hovaida, Jimmy Y Chow
Stimulation of muscarinic receptors in the duodenal mucosa raises cytosolic free Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](cyt)), thereby regulating duodenal epithelial ion transport. However, little is known about the downstream molecular targets that account for this Ca(2+)-mediated biological action. Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (K(Ca)) channels are candidates, but the expression and function of duodenal K(Ca) channels are poorly understood. Therefore, we determined whether K(Ca) channels are expressed in the duodenal mucosa and investigated their involvement in Ca(2+)-mediated duodenal epithelial ion transport...
December 2006: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
A Ehrbrecht, U Müller, M Wolter, A Hoischen, A Koch, B Radlwimmer, B Actor, A Mincheva, T Pietsch, P Lichter, G Reifenberger, R G Weber
Desmoplastic medulloblastoma (DMB) is a malignant cerebellar tumour composed of two distinct tissue components, pale islands and desmoplastic areas. Previous studies revealed mutations in genes encoding members of the sonic hedgehog pathway, including PTCH, SMOH and SUFUH in DMBs. However, little is known about other genomic aberrations. We performed comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) analysis of 22 sporadic DMBs and identified chromosomal imbalances in 20 tumours (91%; mean, 4.9 imbalances/tumour). Recurrent chromosomal gains were found on chromosomes 3, 9 (six tumours each), 20, 22 (five tumours each), 2, 6, 7, 17 (four tumours each) and 1 (three tumours)...
March 2006: Journal of Pathology
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