Read by QxMD icon Read

Bicarbonate secretion

Young Youp Koh, Dong Yoon Lim
OBJECTIVE: The present study was aimed to investigate the characteristics of simvastatin, one of statins, on the catecholamine (CA) secretion from the perfused model of the isolated rat adrenal gland, and also to clarify its mechanism of action. DESIGN AND METHOD: The adrenal gland was isolated and perfused with Krebs-bicarbonate. CA was measured directly by using the fluorospectrophotometer. RESULTS: Simvastatin inhibited ACh-evoked CA secretory response in a dose- and time-dependent fashion...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Olga Zegarra-Moran, Luis J V Galietta
CFTR protein is an ion channel regulated by cAMP-dependent phosphorylation and expressed in many types of epithelial cells. CFTR-mediated chloride and bicarbonate secretion play an important role in the respiratory and gastrointestinal systems. Pharmacological modulators of CFTR represent promising drugs for a variety of diseases. In particular, correctors and potentiators may restore the activity of CFTR in cystic fibrosis patients. Potentiators are also potentially useful to improve mucociliary clearance in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
October 4, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
Carlos M Farinha, Sara Canato
CFTR biogenesis starts with its co-translational insertion into the membrane of endoplasmic reticulum and folding of the cytosolic domains, towards the acquisition of a fully folded compact native structure. Efficiency of this process is assessed by the ER quality control system that allows the exit of folded proteins but targets unfolded/misfolded CFTR to degradation. If allowed to leave the ER, CFTR is modified at the Golgi and reaches the post-Golgi compartments to be delivered to the plasma membrane where it functions as a cAMP- and phosphorylation-regulated chloride/bicarbonate channel...
October 3, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
Young Youp Koh, Dong Yoon Lim
OBJECTIVE: The present study was aimed to investigate the characteristics of simvastatin, one of statins, on the catecholamine (CA) secretion from the perfused model of the isolated rat adrenal gland, and also to clarify its mechanism of action. DESIGN AND METHOD: The adrenal gland was isolated and perfused with Krebs-bicarbonate. CA was measured directly by using the fluorospectrophotometer. RESULTS: Simvastatin inhibited ACh-evoked CA secretory response in a dose- and time-dependent fashion...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Hai Jin, Guorong Wen, Shili Deng, Shuo Wan, Jingyu Xu, Xuemei Liu, Rui Xie, Hui Dong, Biguang Tuo
The incidence of duodenal ulcer is markedly lower in women than men, but the cause of the gender difference is not clear. The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) and the solute linked carrier 26 gene family A6 (SLC26A6) are two key bicarbonate transport proteins to mediate duodenal mucosal bicarbonate secretion which is an important protective factor against acid-induced duodenal injury. This study aimed to investigate the effect of estrogen on the expressions and functional activities of CFTR and SLC26A6 in duodenal mucosa...
September 12, 2016: Experimental Physiology
Jerzy Sarosiek
The esophageal pre-epithelial barrier encompasses components of secretions from both the esophageal submucosal and salivary glands. We demonstrated, in patients with reflux esophagitis (RE), significantly diminished luminal release of esophageal epidermal growth factor (EGF). The rate of luminal release of esophageal prostaglandin E2 (PGE2 ) was significantly higher compared with controls and significantly declined after healing of RE. Patients with RE also exhibited significant declines in esophageal mucin secretion; however, after healing of RE with rabeprazole, this rate increased significantly...
August 17, 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
William Y Chey, Wendy L Frankel, Sashwati Roy, Soma Datta, Chandan K Sen, Mary Dillhoff, Peter Muscarella, Konrad H Soergel, Ronald K Tompkins, Ta-Min Chang, Edward L Bradley, Edwin Christopher Ellison
OBJECTIVES: To document the existence of primary pancreatic secretinoma in patients with watery diarrhea syndrome (WDS) and achlorhydria and establish secretin as a diarrheogenic hormone. BACKGROUND: Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) has been widely accepted as the main mediator of WDS. However, in 1968, Zollinger et al reported 2 female patients with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors, WDS, and achlorhydria. During surgery on the first, a 24-year-old patient, they noticed distended duodenum filled with fluid and a dilated gallbladder containing dilute bile with high bicarbonate concentration...
August 5, 2016: Annals of Surgery
Wei Chen, Michal L Melamed, Thomas H Hostetter, Carolyn Bauer, Amanda C Raff, Anthony L Almudevar, Amy Lalonde, Susan Messing, Matthew K Abramowitz
BACKGROUND: The regulation of fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23) secretion in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is incompletely understood. An in vitro study showed that metabolic acidosis increased FGF23 in mouse bone. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of oral sodium bicarbonate on circulating FGF23 levels in patients with CKD. METHODS: This was a single-blind pilot study. Twenty adults with estimated glomerular filtration rate between 15-45 mL/min/1...
2016: BMC Nephrology
Devin F R Doud, Largus T Angenent
Rhodopseudomonas palustris has emerged as a model microbe for the anaerobic metabolism of p-coumarate, which is an aromatic compound and a primary component of lignin. However, under anaerobic conditions, R. palustris must actively eliminate excess reducing equivalents through a number of known strategies (e.g., CO2 fixation, H2 evolution) to avoid lethal redox imbalance. Others had hypothesized that to ease the burden of this redox imbalance, a clonal population of R. palustris could functionally differentiate into a pseudo-consortium...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Vijayalakshmi S Pratha, Thomas McGraw, William Tobin
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) effectively block gastric acid secretion and are the treatment of choice for heartburn. PPIs differ, however, in onset of action and bioavailability. In this single-center, open-label, three-way crossover study, onset of action of immediate-release omeprazole 20 mg/sodium bicarbonate 1100 mg (IR-OME) and delayed-release (DR) lansoprazole 15 mg was evaluated in 63 healthy fasting adults. Subjects were randomized to once daily IR-OME, or DR-lansoprazole, or no treatment for 7 days...
June 2016: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
Caryn Hampton, Xiaoyan Zhou, Birgit T Priest, Lee-Yuh Pai, John P Felix, Brande Thomas-Fowlkes, Jessica Liu, Martin Kohler, Jianying Xiao, Aaron Corona, Olga Price, Charles Gill, Kashmira Shah, Cordelia Rasa, Vince Tong, Karen Owens, James Ormes, Haifeng Tang, Sophie Roy, Kathleen A Sullivan, Joseph M Metzger, Magdalena Alonso-Galicia, Gregory J Kaczorowski, Alexander Pasternak, Maria L Garcia
The renal outer medullary potassium (ROMK) channel, located at the apical surface of epithelial cells in the thick ascending loop of Henle and cortical collecting duct, contributes to salt reabsorption and potassium secretion, and represents a target for the development of new mechanism of action diuretics. This idea is supported by the phenotype of antenatal Bartter's syndrome type II associated with loss-of-function mutations in the human ROMK channel, as well as, by cardiovascular studies of heterozygous carriers of channel mutations associated with type II Bartter's syndrome...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Antonius L J J Bronckers, Don M Lyaruu, Rozita Jalali, Pamela K DenBesten
Regulation of pH by ameloblasts during amelogenesis is critical for enamel mineralization. We examined the effects of reduced bicarbonate secretion and the presence or absence of amelogenins on ameloblast modulation and enamel mineralization. To that end, the composition of fluorotic and non-fluorotic enamel of several different mouse mutants, including enamel of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator-deficient (Cftr null), anion exchanger-2-deficient (Ae2a,b null), and amelogenin-deficient (Amelx null) mice, was determined by quantitative X-ray microanalysis...
July 16, 2016: European Journal of Oral Sciences
I David Weiner, Jill W Verlander
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to provide a succinct description of the recent findings that advance our understanding of the fundamental renal process of ammonia metabolism and transport in conditions relevant to the clinician. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies advance our understanding of renal ammonia metabolism. Mechanisms through which chronic kidney disease and altered dietary protein intake alter ammonia excretion have been identified. Lithium, although it can acutely cause distal renal tubular acidosis, was shown with long-term use to increase urinary ammonia excretion, and this appeared to be mediated, at least in part, by increased Rhcg expression...
September 2016: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
Hannah Jones, Laura Hargrove, Lindsey Kennedy, Fanyin Meng, Allyson Graf-Eaton, Jennifer Owens, Gianfranco Alpini, Christopher Johnson, Francesca Bernuzzi, Jennifer Demieville, Sharon DeMorrow, Pietro Invernizzi, Heather Francis
UNLABELLED: Hepatic fibrosis is marked by activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). Cholestatic injury precedes liver fibrosis, and cholangiocytes interact with HSCs promoting fibrosis. Mast cells (MCs) infiltrate following liver injury and release histamine, increasing biliary proliferation. We evaluated if inhibition of MC-derived histamine decreases biliary proliferation and fibrosis. Wild-type and multidrug resistance 2 knockout mice (9-11 weeks) were treated with cromolyn sodium for 1 week to block MC-derived histamine...
October 2016: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Chantal Housset, Yues Chrétien, Dominique Debray, Nicolas Chignard
The gallbladder stores and concentrates bile between meals. Gallbladder motor function is regulated by bile acids via the membrane bile acid receptor, TGR5, and by neurohormonal signals linked to digestion, for example, cholecystokinin and FGF15/19 intestinal hormones, which trigger gallbladder emptying and refilling, respectively. The cycle of gallbladder filling and emptying controls the flow of bile into the intestine and thereby the enterohepatic circulation of bile acids. The gallbladder also largely contributes to the regulation of bile composition by unique absorptive and secretory capacities...
2016: Comprehensive Physiology
Walter G Park
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize observations in clinical chronic pancreatitis in the past year. RECENT FINDINGS: A predisposing genetic mutation was identified in 67% of cases of pediatric chronic pancreatitis. A novel susceptibility gene involving a hybrid allele is associated with idiopathic chronic pancreatitis. ABO blood type B and FUT2 nonsecretor status is associated with asymptomatic hyperlipasemia and chronic pancreatitis. Alcohol consumption impairs cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) activity leading to decreased bicarbonate secretion and patients with susceptible CFTR mutations can develop clinical pancreatitis...
June 22, 2016: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
Marian Y Hu, Katharina Michael, Cornelia M Kreiss, Meike Stumpp, Sam Dupont, Yung-Che Tseng, Magnus Lucassen
CO2-driven seawater acidification has been demonstrated to enhance intestinal bicarbonate secretion rates in teleosts, leading to an increased release of CaCO3 under simulated ocean acidification scenarios. In this study, we investigated if increasing CO2 levels stimulate the intestinal acid-base regulatory machinery of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) and whether temperatures at the upper limit of thermal tolerance stimulate or counteract ion regulatory capacities. Juvenile G. morhua were acclimated for 4 weeks to three CO2 levels (550, 1200, and 2200 μatm) covering present and near-future natural variability, at optimum (10°C) and summer maximum temperature (18°C), respectively...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
Peng-Yun Liu, Shing-To Li, Fang-Fang Shen, Wing-Hung Ko, Xiao-Qiang Yao, Dan Yang
A C2 symmetric small molecule composed of l-phenylalanine and isophthalamide was found to function as a Cl(-)/HCO3(-) dual transporter and self-assemble into chloride channels. In Ussing-chamber based short-circuit current measurements, this molecule elicited chloride-dependent short-circuit current (Isc) increase in both Calu-3 cell and CFBE41o-cell (with F508del mutant CFTR) monolayers.
May 31, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Shazia Faridi, T Satyanarayana
Carbonic anhydrase (CA) is a biocatalyst that catalyzes the hydration of CO2 to bicarbonate and protons, thus useful in mitigating green house effect by sequestering CO2 from various point sources. An alkalistable and moderately thermostable α- carbonic anhydrase encoding gene (BhCA) from Bacillus halodurans TSLV1 has been cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. A 31.4-fold enhancement in CA production was achieved due to cloning and expression in E. coli. About 50% of the CA produced was secreted when recombinant E...
August 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Dong Un Lee, Dong Min Shin, Jeong Hee Hong
Exposure to bacterial lipopolysaccharides (LPS) induces inflammatory signals in salivary glands. We investigated the regulatory role of phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibitor rolipram on inflammatory mediators and cholinergic/adrenergic stimulation-induced intracellular Ca(2+) signaling in salivary acinar and ductal cells. Submandibular gland (SMG) expressed PDE4A through 4D mRNA and PDE4 was localized in the luminal membrane of SMG. LPS induced Ca(2+) signaling and ROS production in SMG. Treatment with rolipram blocked LPS-induced Ca(2+) increase and ROS production...
2016: Mediators of Inflammation
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"