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Brain abscess

D Arrache, H Zait, V Rodriguez-Nava, E Bergeron, T Durand, M Yahiaoui, F Grenouillet, A Amrane, F Chaouche, A Baiod, K Madani, B Hamrioui
Nocardial brain abscess is often occurring in immunocompromised patients. It is uncommon in immunocompetent individuals. Here, the authors describe a case of cerebral and pulmonary nocardiosis mimicking a metastatic tumor in an apparently health 40-year-old Algerian male. The patient presented multiple brain abscess revealed by inaugural epileptic seizure. He was afebrile and presented with left hemiparesis. Staging imaging showed a nodular lung lesion in the apical segment of the right lower lobe. The patient underwent double craniotomy for resection of the lesion...
May 14, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
I S Schwartz, G W Hammond
Candida auris is a fungal pathogen that has recently emerged as a global threat to public health. It was first described in Japan in 2009 and has since been reported in 17 countries on five continents. This case report describes the first reported case of multidrug-resistant C. auris in Canada. In May 2017, a 64-year-old individual was evaluated for chronic otitis externa. Past medical history included a recent hospitalization in India for elective oral surgery that was complicated by an odontogenic brain abscess...
July 6, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
Andrea Franzini, Angelo Franzini, Vincenzo Levi, Roberto Cordella, Giuseppe Messina
Actual indications for surgery in tuberculosis are limited to obtaining a diagnosis, acquiring tissue for culture studies, treating hydrocephalus, aspiring a brain abscess, and reducing intracranial pressure in patients with multiple tuberculomas. Tuberculosis-related movement disorders are usually treated pharmacologically. We report on a child affected by post-tubercular generalized dystonia, who progressed to status dystonicus (SD) and underwent stereotactic bilateral pallidotomy. After surgery, SD resolved, and drugs were rapidly tapered...
May 15, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
Daisuke Sudo, Youichi Doutake, Hidenori Yokota, Eiju Watanabe
Stuttering occurs in approximately 5% of all children and 1% of adults. One type, neurogenic stuttering, is usually attributable to strokes or other structural damages to the brain areas that are responsible for language fluency. Here, we present the first case of neurogenic stuttering caused by a brain abscess. The patient was a 60-year-old man admitted for a seizure and administered an anticonvulsant, after which he began stuttering. MRI revealed a brain abscess in the left frontal lobe that extended to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (BA (Brodmann's area) 9 and 46), frontal eye field (BA 8) and premotor cortex and supplementary motor area (BA 6)...
May 12, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Catherine Long, Nigel Curtis, Bridget Joan Freyne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Massimo Viviano, Serena Cocca
Brain abscess (BA) is an encapsulated infection and can be the consequence of head and cranio-maxillo-facial surgery or trauma, or may be secondary to cavernous thrombophlebitis, but is most frequently due to hematogenous septic dissemination from an adjacent site of infection, such as the paranasal sinuses, middle ear or oral cavity. We report a rare and unfortunate case of multiple BA caused by dental procedures in a young man with undiagnosed patent foramen ovale (PFO). Simple routine dental procedures, such as tooth brushing and professional oral hygiene, can predispose to life-threatening conditions...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Nancy E Epstein
Background: Too many patients, with or without significant cervical disease, unnecessarily undergo cervical epidural steroid injections (CESIs). These include interlaminar (ICESI) and transforaminal ESI (TF-CESI) injections that are not Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved, have no documented long-term efficacy, and carry severe risks and complications. Methods: Here we reviewed recent reports of morbidity and mortality attributed to the various types of CESIS...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
Erin D'Agostino, Vyacheslav Makler, David F Bauer
Background: Epidural abscess (EDA) is an uncommon form of intracranial infection that generally presents with fever, headache, and focal neurologic deficit. Imaging generally reveals a lentiform collection with diffusion restriction on diffusion weighted image. We present an interesting case in which a patient with EDA presented with three weeks of depression with suicidal ideations. The patient displayed no notable infectious signs and the imaging was suggestive of chronic subdural hematoma (SDH) rather than EDA...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
Hesham Saleh, Nicholas Yohe, Afshin Razi, Ahmed Saleh
We conducted a thorough review of the literature to examine the risks and complications associated with the use of Gardner-Wells Tongs (GWT). Twenty-three articles were included in this review for final analysis. One article reported a 37.5% (6/16) incidence rate of minor complications with the usage of GWTs, which included pin loosening, asymmetrical pin positioning, and superficial infections. Various cases reported more serious yet rare complications, including perforation of the skull, brain abscesses, and neurovascular damage...
March 2018: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
Diana Horvath-Rizea, Alexey Surov, Karl-Titus Hoffmann, Nikita Garnov, Cathrin Vörkel, Patricia Kohlhof-Meinecke, Oliver Ganslandt, Hansjörg Bäzner, Georg Alexander Gihr, Marcell Kalman, Elina Henkes, Hans Henkes, Stefan Schob
Background: Morphologically similar appearing ring enhancing lesions in the brain parenchyma can be caused by a number of distinct pathologies, however, they consistently represent life-threatening conditions. The two most frequently encountered diseases manifesting as such are glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) and brain abscess (BA), each requiring disparate therapeutical approaches. As a result of their morphological resemblance, essential treatment might be significantly delayed or even ommited, in case results of conventional imaging remain inconclusive...
April 6, 2018: Oncotarget
Geoffrey A Weinberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Pediatrics in Review
Shayan Moosa, Dale Ding, Panagiotis Mastorakos, Jason P Sheehan, Kenneth C Liu, Robert M Starke
Conventional surgical treatment for cerebral abscesses includes craniotomy or stereotactic aspiration. Deep-seated, large abscesses pose a challenge to neurosurgeons, due to the risk of injury to the cortex and white matter tracts secondary to the brain retraction necessary to access the lesion. The endoport is a tubular conduit that can be employed for minimally invasive approaches to deep-seated intracranial lesions, and it may reduce the length of dural opening, size of corticotomy, and retraction-related injury...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Thanyalak Amornpojnimman, Pat Korathanakhun
Although brain abscess is a fatal neurological infection, the studies in Thailand are quite limited and outdate. This study aims to identify predictors of mortality among patients with brain abscess in Thailand. Patients with a diagnosis of brain abscess admitted to Songklanagarind Hospital, a referral tertiary care hospital in southern Thailand, between 2002 and 2017 were enrolled into this retrospective case control study. Demographic data, neurological status, clinical presentations, predisposing factors, microbiological profiles, neuroimaging findings, treatments, and outcomes were collected from electronic medical records...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Thomas Simjian, Ivo S Muskens, Nayan Lamba, Ismaeel Yunusa, Kristine Wong, Raymond Veronneau, Annick Kronenburg, H Bart Brouwers, Timothy R Smith, Rania A Mekary, M L D Broekman
OBJECTIVE: Dexamethasone has been used to treat cerebral edema associated with brain abscesses. Whereas some argue that dexamethasone might aid the antibiotic treatment, others believe that because of its immune-suppressive characteristics, it might have a negative impact on outcomes. To date it is still unclear how corticosteroid use affects overall mortality of brain abscess patients. METHODS: A systematic search of the literature was conducted in accordance with PRISMA guidelines...
April 26, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Mengmeng Wang, Rende Zhang, Hongwei Sun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: World Neurosurgery
Rasads Misirovs, Rohit Gohil, Peter Ross, Jaiganesh Manickavasagam
Pott's puffy tumour (PPT) is characterised by a subperiosteal abscess associated with osteomyelitis of the frontal bone-a rare complication of frontal sinusitis, more common in the paediatric population. We describe a case mimicking PPT, where abscess extension was facilitated by previous surgery. Usually patients with PPT would be systemically unwell, but our patient, a 63-year-old Caucasian man, was systemically well with a large swelling of his forehead. A CT was performed to evaluate possible intracranial and intracerebral complications such as epidural, subdural and brain abscesses...
April 25, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Rawan A AlHarmi, Deyari Fryad Henari, Raafat Hammad Seroor Jadah, Haya Mohammed AlKhayyat
This is a case of an 8-year-old girl who was previously healthy and presented with unresponsiveness on a background of fever that resolved within 2 days of onset. History was significant for recurrent dental abscesses requiring drainage. Imaging revealed what was unexpected: a brain overloaded with multiple space-occupying lesions and diffuse oedema. The patient was started on mannitol and dexamethasone in addition to antimicrobials. Her condition improved dramatically within few days. Multiple aspiration procedures were performed later and she recovered fully with minor deficits...
April 24, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Ganesh Maher, Manish Beniwal, Veenakumari Bahubali, Shamick Biswas, Nandeesh Bevinahalli, Nagarathna Siddaiah, Dwarakanath Srinivas, Nagarathna Siddaiah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Ahmet Gökyar, Mehmet D Aydın, Sevilay Özmen, Elif Demirci, Abdullah H Marangoz, Enis Kuruoğlu, Cengiz Çokluk
BACKGROUND: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) may be a cause of neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE). It is well known that lymphatic fluid draining by thoracic duct to lungs consists of many dangerous metabolites, degraded tissue particles and microbiological pathogens. However, there is no enough study which investigates if NPE cause septicemia or not. In this study, we retrospectively examined our experimental materials whether there is a meaningful relationship between the NPE and cerebral abscess formation...
April 20, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Matthew T Niehaus, Kyli N Krape, Shawn M Quinn, Bryan G Kane
A 49-year-old male was brought to the Emergency Department after being found unresponsive. The patient had multiple seizures and was intubated in the prehospital setting. A computed tomography scan showed bilateral paranasal sinus disease, and magnetic resonance imaging showed a right frontal abscess and subdural empyema. Neurosurgery took the patient to the operating room, performed a craniotomy, and drained a large amount of purulent fluid. He was subsequently discharged for acute rehabilitation. Clinicians should consider complicated frontal sinusitis, especially in the undifferentiated patient presenting with neurologic deficits and signs or symptoms of sinus disease...
April 2018: Radiology Case Reports
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