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Brain abscess

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621821/an-unusual-case-of-dental-infection-by-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-causing-a-brain-abscess-case-report
#1
Rodrigo Dos Santos Pereira, João Paulo Bonardi, Arthur da Conceição Dias Ferreira, Gustavo Lima Latini
A brain abscess may result when dental infection reaches the brain through contiguous anatomic cavities such as the maxillary sinus, the ethmoid sinus and the orbital cavity. It is an important complication and should be treated aggressively. Such treatment would include the excision of the etiological factor, drainage and adjuvant antibiotic therapy. The present case concerns a 23-year-old woman who presented at the General Hospital of Nova Iguaçu with complaints of pain in the right side of the face and was diagnosed with acute sinusitis...
June 16, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620593/phenotypic-and-molecular-identification-of-nocardia-in-brain-abscess
#2
Mehdi Fatahi-Bafghi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608633/asymptomatic-pulmonary-arteriovenous-malformations-in-children-with-hereditary-hemorrhagic-telangiectasia
#3
Ashley M Gefen, Andrew J White
BACKGROUND: Children with Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia (HHT) may have pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), which can lead to symptoms of shortness of breath, exercise intolerance, clubbing, cyanosis and hemoptysis. However, some patients with pulmonary AVMs may be asymptomatic, placing them at risk for complications such as stroke or brain abscess if they are not identified and treated. This study examines the incidence of signs and symptoms associated with pulmonary AVMs in children with HHT known to have pulmonary AVMs...
June 13, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607883/evaluation-of-requirements-for-staging-the-procedure-of-reconstruction-of-middle-ear-after-canal-wall-down-mastoidectomy
#4
C Ravishankar, R K Datta
Cholesteatoma is a progressive destructive ear disease which can affect any age group. It has been found to be more severe in children and young adults. It erodes the surrounding bone of middle ear, mastoid and ossicles. It causes partial to total deafness, unpleasant smelling discharge, pain, tinnitus, vertigo and facial paralysis. It can even cause meningitis, brain abscess and death. The post-operative outcome of hearing, and the state of the reconstructed middle-ear cavity after concurrent and staged reconstruction of middle ear after canal wall down mastoidectomy was studied in 30 ears with middle-ear cholesteatoma...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606302/-brain-abscesses-caused-by-nocardia-farcinica-in-a-kidney-transplanted-man
#5
Michaela Tinggaard, Kristian Bagge
Nocardiosis is primarily an opportunistic infection caused by aerobic Gram-positive bacteria of the genus Nocardia. In this case report we describe a male patient who previously received a kidney transplant and was admitted to hospital with chills, headache and pain in the neck and left eye, tremor and coordination problems. A magnetic resonance scan of the brain showed multiple abscesses, and blood culture was positive for Nocardia farcinica. Nocardiosis of the central nervous system is a rare, but serious differential diagnosis in immunosuppressed patients with signs of high intracranial pressure...
June 5, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601402/corrigendum-to-preoperative-volumetric-assessment-matched-with-high-field-intraoperative-magnetic-resonance-imaging-guided-stereotactic-evacuation-of-brain-abscesses-world-neurosurg-91-2016-238-244
#6
Alessandro Pesce, Giancarlo D'Andrea, Alessandro Frati, Venceslao Wierzbicki, Riccardo Caruso, Antonino Raco
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589523/unexpected-brain-finding-in-pre-autopsy-postmortem-ct
#7
Vasiliki Chatzaraki, Stephan A Bolliger, Michael J Thali, Sebastian Eggert, Thomas D Ruder
A case is presented in which pre-autopsy postmortem computed tomography (PMCT) revealed an unexpected brain abscess with a related frontal sinusitis and an erosion of the posterior wall of the frontal sinus. PMCT findings enabled the forensic pathologists to adapt protective measures during autopsy and protect their health from infection. Pre-autopsy PMCT has been also useful in the early differential diagnosis procedure. The complementary use of postmortem imaging and autopsy can improve the quality of forensic death investigations...
June 7, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574298/valuable-contribution-of-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-in-differentiation-of-brain-abscess-from-glioma
#8
Marta De Simone, Barbara Brogna, Giovanni Sessa, Giovanni Oliva, Bruno Guida, Maurizio Magliulo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548570/embolic-mycotic-encephalitis-in-a-cow-following-mortierella-wolfii-infection-of-a-surgery-site
#9
Benjamin Curtis, Charlotte Hollinger, Ailam Lim, Matti Kiupel
A 5-y-old Holstein dairy cow had surgery for a suspected displaced abomasum 10 d postpartum, developed acute neurologic signs at day 19, and was found dead 21 d postpartum. At autopsy, there was a peri-incisional intramuscular abscess that communicated with the peritoneal cavity, as well as hemorrhage and malacia involving the brain, and multiple nodules in the liver, kidneys, and lungs. Fungal hyphae were seen histologically at the surgery site, on the surface of the liver, and in lesions of severe necrotizing vasculitis in the lungs, kidneys, brain, and liver...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545899/multiple-brain-abscesses-due-to-enterobacter-cloacae-in-an-immune-competent-child
#10
Arushi Gahlot Saini, Vinay Rathore, Chirag Kumar Ahuja, Rajesh Chhabra, Pankaj C Vaidya, Pratibha Singhi
Brain abscesses due to Enterobacteriaceae in immune-competent children are rare, and those due to Enterobacter cloacae are even rarer. We report an interesting case of community-acquired E. cloacae neuroinfection resulting in multiple brain abscesses in a young child with no underlying risk-factors. A 10 year-old-boy presented with low-grade fever, headache, neck pain and progressive deterioration of sensorium. On examination, he was conscious but drowsy with photophobia, normal fundii, meningeal signs, mild hypertonia, brisk muscle stretch reflexes and extensor plantar responses...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538360/consort-may-stereotactic-intracavity-administration-of-antibiotics-shorten-the-course-of-systemic-antibiotic-therapy-for-brain-abscesses
#11
Xin Yu, Rui Liu, Yaming Wang, Hulin Zhao, Jinhui Chen, Jianning Zhang, Chenhao Hu
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in surgical techniques in the management of the brain abscess, continuous systemic long-term antibiotics are necessary and crucial. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of intracavity administration of high-dose antibiotics on the course of antibiotic therapy. METHODS: Between 2003 and 2013, 55 patients with bacterial brain abscesses (83 abscesses) were treated with stereotactic aspiration and intracavity injection of high-dose antibiotics combined with a short course systemic antibiotic therapy...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534230/trueperella-pyogenes-isolated-from-a-brain-abscess-of-an-adult-roebuck-capreolus-capreolus
#12
Jörn-Peter Wickhorst, Abdulwahed Ahmed Hassan, Omar Hashim Sheet, Tobias Eisenberg, Osama Sammra, Mazen Alssahen, Christoph Lämmler, Ellen Prenger-Berninghoff, Michael Zschöck, Markus Timke, Amir Abdulmawjood
The present study was designed to characterize phenotypically and genotypically a Trueperella pyogenes strain isolated from a brain abscess of an adult roebuck (Capreolus capreolus). The species identity could be confirmed by phenotypical investigations, by MALDI-TOF MS analysis, and by sequencing the 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene, the 16S-23S rRNA intergenic spacer region (ISR); by sequencing the target genes rpoB, gap, and tuf; and by detection of T. pyogenes chaperonin-encoding gene cpn60 with a previously developed loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay...
May 23, 2017: Folia Microbiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528922/a-furry-friend-s-dirty-mouth-brain-abscess-due-to-aggregatibacter-haemophilus-aphrophilus
#13
David C Miller, Monica Fung, Alexander Carbo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522382/brain-abscess-following-halo-fixation-for-the-cervical-spine
#14
Arthur Lopes, Almir Andrade, Igor Silva, Wellingson Paiva, Roger Brock, Manoel Teixeira
BACKGROUND: Halo fixation is one of the possible treatments for cervical spine fractures. However, improper use of these devices may lead to many complications, such as pin loosening, halo dislocation, pin site infection, and intradural penetration. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report a 43-year-old man who first presented with a seizure and an altered level of consciousness five months after halo-vest placement for an odontoid fracture. Brain imaging revealed a brain abscess, under the previous left parietal pin...
May 15, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516038/detection-of-fusobacterium-nucleatum-in-culture-negative-brain-abscess-by-broad-spectrum-bacterial-16s-rrna-gene-pcr
#15
Catherine Chakvetadze, Anastasia Purcarea, Aurelia Pitsch, Jonathan Chelly, Sylvain Diamantis
BACKGROUND: Fusobacterium nucleatum is a strict anaerobic microorganism commensal to the human oropharynx and gastrointestinal tract, which causes a wide spectrum of human diseases and it is an important pathogen in abscesses. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a previously healthy 64-year-old woman with multiple abscesses due to Fusobacterium nucleatum, involving liver, pleura and brain. Fusobacterium was not recovered from blood cultures nor from culture of hepatic, pleural and brain drain fluid...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512590/acute-bacterial-meningitis-and-systemic-abscesses-due-to-streptococcus-dysgalactiae-subsp-equisimilis-infection
#16
M Jourani, T Duprez, V Roelants, H Rodriguez-Villalobos, P Hantson
Disseminated abscesses due to group G β-hemolytic Streptococcus dysgalactiae were observed in a 57-year-old cirrhotic patient with the skin being the putative way of entry for the pathogen. S. dysgalactiae is a rare agent in human infections responsible for acute pyogenic meningitis. The mortality rate associated with S. dysgalactiae bacteraemia and meningitis may be as high as 50%, particularly in the presence of endocarditis or brain abscesses. In our patient, main sites of infections were meningitis and ventriculitis, spondylodiscitis, septic arthritis, and soft-tissue infections...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507642/diagnostic-imaging-of-pregnant-women-the-role-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#17
Monika Bekiesińska-Figatowska, Anna Romaniuk-Doroszewska, Sylwia Szkudlińska-Pawlak, Agnieszka Duczkowska, Jarosław Mądzik, Martyna Szopa-Krupińska, Tomasz M Maciejewski
BACKGROUND: Presentation of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in pregnant women in the Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Institute of Mother and Child, Warsaw, Poland. MATERIAL/METHODS: Forty-three symptomatic pregnant women underwent MRI between 9 and 33 weeks of gestation (mean of 23 weeks). Moreover, we included 2 pregnant women who underwent fetal MRI and had incidental abnormalities. RESULTS: In 9 cases, we excluded the suspected brain abnormalities...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501669/an-update-on-bacterial-brain-abscess-in-immunocompetent-patients
#18
REVIEW
R Sonneville, R Ruimy, N Benzonana, L Riffaud, A Carsin, J-M Tadié, C Piau, M Revest, P Tattevin
BACKGROUND: Brain abscess is a focal infection of the brain, that begins as a localized area of cerebritis. In immunocompetent patients, bacteria are responsible for >95% of brain abscess, and enter the brain either through contiguous spread following otitis, sinusitis, neurosurgery, or cranial trauma, or through hematogenous dissemination. AIMS: To identify recent advents in the field. Sources We searched Medline and Embase for articles published during years 2012-2016, with the keywords 'brain', and 'abscess'...
May 10, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491190/pyogenic-brain-abscess-with-atypical-features-resembling-glioblastoma-in-advanced-mri-imaging
#19
Arsany Hakim, Markus Oertel, Roland Wiest
Differentiation between infectious and neoplastic brain processes is crucial for treatment planning. Advanced magnetic resonance imaging techniques, such as diffusion, perfusion, susceptibility weighted imaging, and magnetic resonance spectroscopy, enhance the imaging differences between these two pathologies. However, despite the utilization of these advanced techniques, the pathologic process may be confound by atypical findings. Here, we report a case of an autistic patient with multiple brain lesions with diffusion weighted imaging, susceptibility weighted imaging, and perfusion patterns resembling features of a multicentric glioblastoma, which were confirmed surgically, neuropathologically, and bacteriologically as brain abscesses...
June 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489741/salmonella-enterica-serovar-panama-meningitis-in-exclusive-breastfeeding-infants-report-of-4-cases-clinical-features-and-therapeutic-challenges
#20
Narcisse Elenga, Emma Cuadro, Laurence Long, Falucar Njuieyon, Elise Martin, Rémi Kom-Tchameni, Antoine Defo, Sitraka H Razafindrakoto, Yajaira Mrsic, Fanny Henaff, Aba Mahamat
RATIONALE: The pathway of Nontyphoid Salmonella meningitis, especially in exclusive breastfeeding infants, has not been well characterized. PATIENT CONCERNS: We analyzed data related to nontyphoid Salmonella meningitis in 4 infants. DIAGNOSES: No diarrhea was observed and the coproculture was negative for all patients. INTERVENTIONS: Early diagnosis and treatment with combination of third-generation cephalosporins plus quinolones for a minimum of 3 weeks is necessary to avoid severe sequelae and death...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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