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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330728/analysis-of-plasma-tenascin-c-in-post-hcv-cirrhosis-a-prospective-study
#1
Jennifer H Benbow, April D Elam, Krista L Bossi, Danae L Massengill, Elizabeth Brandon-Warner, William E Anderson, Catherine R Culberson, Mark W Russo, Andrew S deLemos, Laura W Schrum
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related cirrhosis, one of the most common etiologies of liver cirrhosis in the Western world, is a risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma. To confirm and improve current effectiveness of screening and prognosis of patients with established cirrhosis, a credible, simple plasma biomarker is needed. Hepatic stellate cell activation, a pivotal event in cirrhosis development, results in increased secretion of extracellular matrix proteins, including tenascin-C (TnC)...
January 12, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324755/hiv-1-co-receptor-tropism-and-liver-fibrosis-in-hiv-infected-patients
#2
Annalisa Saracino, Alessandro Cozzi-Lepri, Milensu Shanyinde, Francesca Ceccherini Silberstein, Silvia Nozza, Antonio Di Biagio, Giovanni Cassola, Giuseppe Bruno, Maria Capobianchi, Massimo Puoti, Laura Monno, Antonella d'Arminio Monforte
BACKGROUND: In vitro, gp120 of both X4 and R5 HIV-1 strains activates human hepatic stellate cells, but if it can promote liver fibrosis in vivo is unknown. We aimed to evaluate if patients carrying X4 or R5 strains have a different liver fibrosis (LF) progression over time. METHODS: A total of 1,137 HIV-infected patients in ICONA cohort (21% females, 7% HCV co-infected) with an available determination of HIV-1 co-receptor tropism (CRT), a Fibrosis-4 Index for Liver Fibrosis (FIB-4) <3...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320552/first-report-of-occult-hepatitis-b-infection-among-art-na%C3%A3-ve-hiv-seropositive-individuals-in-maputo-mozambique
#3
Awa Abdul Carimo, Eduardo Samo Gudo, Cremildo Maueia, Nédio Mabunda, Lúcia Chambal, Adolfo Vubil, Ana Flora, Francisco Antunes, Nilesh Bhatt
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in Mozambique is one of the highest in the world, though in spite of this the prevalence of occult hepatitis B infection (OBI) is unknown. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted with the aim to investigate the prevalence of OBI and frequency of isolated hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc alone) among antiretroviral (ART) naïve HIV-positive patients in Mozambique...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318450/the-utility-of-noninvasive-scores-in-assessing-the-prevalence-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-advanced-fibrosis-in-type-1-diabetic-patients
#4
Amandeep Singh, Phuc Le, Rocio Lopez, Naim Alkhouri
GOALS: The aim of our study is to assess the prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and advanced hepatic fibrosis in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) using simple noninvasive scores. BACKGROUND: There is paucity of data on the prevalence of NAFLD in T1D. Moreover, T1D could be a risk factor for advanced disease in NAFLD patients. STUDY: Using ICD-9 codes, all patients with the diagnosis of T1D were reviewed and a retrospective chart analysis was carried out on 23,314 patients between the ages of 18 and 80...
January 9, 2018: Hepatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315641/novel-scores-combining-afp-with-non-invasive-markers-for-prediction-of-liver-fibrosis-in-chronic-hepatitis-c-patients
#5
Mohamed Gamil, Mohamed Alboraie, Mohammad El-Sayed, Aisha Elsharkawy, Noha Asem, Tamer Elbaz, Mohammad Mohey, Bahaa Abbas, Mai Mehrez, Gamal Esmat
BACKGROUND: Serum levels of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) were reported to increase in patients with significant or advanced hepatic fibrosis. Combination of non-invasive tests decreases the use of liver biopsy in large proportion of chronic HCV patients. AIM: To compare and combine AFP with commonly used non-invasive fibrosis tests in novel scores for prediction of different stages of hepatic fibrosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Six hundred and fifty two treatment naïve chronic hepatitis C patients were enrolled...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314613/validation-and-comparison-of-seventeen-noninvasive-models-for-evaluating-liver-fibrosis-in-chinese-hepatitis-b-patients
#6
Minhui Dong, Jingwen Wu, Xueping Yu, Jing Li, Sisi Yang, Xun Qi, Richeng Mao, Yongmei Zhang, Jie Yu, Haoxiang Zhu, Feifei Yang, Yanli Qin, Jiming Zhang
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To avoid liver biopsy, many noninvasive models comprised of serum markers for liver fibrosis assessment have been developed. Given that most of them were developed in hepatitis C cohorts and few of them have been validated in Chinese hepatitis B patients, we aim to conduct this validation and compare their diagnostic accuracies in such a population. METHODS: A total of 937 HBV infected patients who underwent liver biopsy were included in this single-center retrospective study...
January 3, 2018: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310350/relationship-between-skeletal-muscle-mass-and-liver-fibrosis-markers-for-patients-with-hepatitis-c-virus-related-liver-disease
#7
Ryo Takata, Hiroki Nishikawa, Hirayuki Enomoto, Yoshinori Iwata, Akio Ishii, Yuho Miyamoto, Noriko Ishii, Yukihisa Yuri, Kunihiro Hasegawa, Chikage Nakano, Takashi Nishimura, Kazunori Yoh, Nobuhiro Aizawa, Yoshiyuki Sakai, Naoto Ikeda, Tomoyuki Takashima, Hiroko Iijima, Shuhei Nishiguchi
We aimed to elucidate the relationship between serum liver fibrosis markers (Mac-2 binding protein glycosylation isomer (M2BPGi), FIB-4 index, aspartate aminotransferase to platelet ratio index and hyaluronic acid), and skeletal muscle mass and to investigate factors linked to skeletal muscle mass loss (SMML) in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC, n = 277, median age = 64 years). We defined patients with psoas muscle index [PMI, sum of bilateral psoas muscle mass calculated by manual trace method at the lumber 3 level on the computed tomography images divided by height squared (cm/m)] less than 6...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308929/new-scoring-system-combining-the-fib-4-index-and-cytokeratin-18-fragments-for-predicting-steatohepatitis-and-liver-fibrosis-in-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#8
Toshifumi Tada, Takashi Kumada, Hidenori Toyoda, Toshiji Saibara, Masafumi Ono, Masayoshi Kage
PURPOSE: To establishe a new scoring system as a noninvasive tool for predicting steatohepatitis and liver fibrosis in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). METHODS: A total of 170 patients histologically diagnosed with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) (n = 130) or nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) (n = 40) were enrolled. We analyzed receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and performed multivariate analysis to predict steatohepatitis and liver fibrosis...
January 8, 2018: Biomarkers: Biochemical Indicators of Exposure, Response, and Susceptibility to Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279441/data-mining-machine-learning-algorithms-using-il28b-genotype-and-biochemical-markers-best-predicted-advanced-liver-fibrosis-in-chronic-hcv
#9
Hend Ibrahim Shousha, Abubakr Hussein Awad, Dalia Abdelhamid Omran, Mayada Mohamed Elnegouly, Mahasen Mabrouk
  IL28 single nucleotide polymorphism (rs12979860) is an aetiology-independent predictor of hepatitis C virus (HCV) related hepatic fibrosis. Data mining is a method of predictive analysis which can explore tremendous volumes of information found in health records to discover hidden patterns and relationships. The study aims to evaluate and compare the prediction accuracy of APRI, FIB-4 versus data mining for prediction of HCV related advanced fibrosis. This retrospective study included 427 patients with chronic HCV...
December 26, 2017: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251384/aspartate-transaminase-to-platelet-ratio-index-and-gamma-glutamyl-transpeptidase-to-platelet-ratio-outweigh-fibrosis-index-based-on-four-factors-and-red-cell-distribution-width-platelet-ratio-in-diagnosing-liver-fibrosis-and-inflammation-in-chronic-hepatitis
#10
Xiaojuan Wu, Bei Cai, Zhenzhen Su, Yamei Li, Jin Xu, Rong Deng, Lanlan Wang
BACKGROUND: The benefits of using serum markers to diagnose stages of liver disease in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients are controversial. We conducted a study to compare the clinical significance of four markers in evaluating liver inflammation and fibrosis in CHB patients. METHODS: A total of 323 treatment-naive CHB patients who received a liver biopsy and routine laboratory testing were enrolled in our study. We used the Scheuer scoring system as a pathological standard for diagnosing liver inflammation and fibrosis...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235488/nomogram-for-cirrhosis-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-b-a-simple-self-assessed-scale-for-individual-risk-of-cirrhosis
#11
Zhiqiao Zhang, Jing Li, Peng Wang, Tingshan He, Yanling Ouyang, Yiyan Huang
The aim of this retrospective study was to establish a simple self-assessed scale for individual risk of cirrhosis in patients with chronic hepatitis B. A total of 1808 consecutive patients were enrolled and analyzed. According to the results of multivariate logistic regression analysis, a simple nomogram was calculated for cirrhosis. The area under receiver operating characteristic curves (AUROCs) were calculated to compare the diagnostic accuracy of nomogram with aspartate aminotransferase to platelet ratio index (APRI), fibrosis index based on the four factors (FIB-4), and S index...
December 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232673/association-between-urinary-alpha1-microglobulin-levels-and-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Juanwen Zhang, Xuyao Zhang, Ying Zhao, Guocai Lv
BACKGROUND: We aimed to explore the association between urinary alpha1-microglobulin (A1M) levels and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in a Chinese population. STUDY: We performed a cross-sectional study among 2,215 Chinese who attended their annual health examination at First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University. Urinary A1M-creatinine ratio and other clinical and laboratory parameters were measured. RESULTS: A total of 20...
December 12, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230907/comparative-evaluation-of-gpr-versus-apri-and-fib-4-in-predicting-different-levels-of-liver-fibrosis-of-chronic-hepatitis-b
#13
D-P Liu, W Lu, Z-Q Zhang, Y-B Wang, R-R Ding, X-L Zhou, D Huang, X-F Li
It is of great significance to develop and evaluate noninvasive indexes predicting the level of liver fibrosis. The aim of this study was to comparatively evaluate gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase-to-platelet ratio (GPR) versus aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI) and fibrosis index based on 4 factors (FIB-4) in predicting different levels of liver fibrosis of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) within the framework of HBeAg-positive and HBeAg-negative patients. A total of 1157 HBeAg-positive and 859 HBeAg-negative CHB patients were enrolled, among whom the pathological stage ≥S2, ≥S3, ≥S4 were defined as significant fibrosis, extensive fibrosis and cirrhosis, respectively...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226638/reference-values-of-certain-serum-indicators-of-liver-fibrosis
#14
Blagovesta Pencheva, Rossen Mihajlov, Adelaida Ruseva, Rumyana Mitova, Kaloyan Petrov, Gergana Taneva, Jordan Genov
BACKGROUND: Liver fibrosis shows a continuously increasing trend worldwide, due to alcohol abuse, obesity, and, to a lesser extent, chronic hepatitis B and C. Biopsy is still considered the "gold standard" for diagnosis of liver fibrosis. However, it has a number of limitations, such as invasiveness, high cost, need for specialists to conduct and interpret biopsy results, risk of complications, inability to dynamically monitor the pathological process, low patient compliance, and uneven fibrosis distribution...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226524/the-usefulness-of-virtual-touch-quantification-for-staging-liver-fibrosis-in-patients-with-hepatitis-c-and-the-factors-affecting-liver-stiffness-measurement-failure-compared-with-liver-biopsy
#15
Natsumi Tsukano, Shiho Miyase, Tatsuhiko Saeki, Keiko Mizobe, Hirofumi Iwashita, Nobuyuki Arima, Shigetoshi Fujiyama
AIM: Assessing liver fibrosis in patients with hepatitis C is important to predict carcinogenesis. In this study, we evaluated the usefulness of virtual touch quantification (VTQ) for staging liver fibrosis, and investigated factors causing the discrepancy between the estimated fibrosis stage using VTQ and the pathological fibrosis stage. METHODS: Patients with hepatitis C (n=302) were assessed using VTQ and underwent pathological liver investigation within 1 week before and after VTQ...
December 11, 2017: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215435/noninvasive-fibrosis-markers-and-chronic-kidney-disease-among-adults-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-in-usa
#16
Karn Wijarnpreecha, Charat Thongprayoon, Melissa Scribani, Patompong Ungprasert, Wisit Cheungpasitporn
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Studies have shown that nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with an increased risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, it is unknown whether severe liver fibrosis is associated with a higher prevalence of CKD among NAFLD. We examined the diagnostic performance of noninvasive fibrosis markers in identifying prevalent CKD among NAFLD. METHODS: This study represents an analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted in the USA between 1988 and 1994...
December 5, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193593/concomitant-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-does-not-alter-the-activity-severity-or-course-of-primary-biliary-cholangitis
#17
Gerald Yosel Minuk, Venera Iliant, Nancy Zhou, Kelly Daniel Kaita, Stephen Wong, David Peretz, Julia Uhanova
The impact of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) on the natural history of primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) has yet to be described. The aim of this study was to document the activity, severity and progression of PBC in patients with concomitant NAFLD and compare the findings to those with PBC alone METHODS: Disease activity was assessed by serum liver enzyme levels; severity, by Fib-4 scores and percent of patients with APRI >1.5; and progression, by changes in Fib-4 and prevalence of APRI >1...
November 29, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193508/detection-of-liver-fibrosis-using-qualitative-and-quantitative-mr-elastography-compared-to-liver-surface-nodularity-measurement-gadoxetic-acid-uptake-and-serum-markers
#18
Cecilia Besa, Mathilde Wagner, Grace Lo, Sonja Gordic, Manjil Chatterji, Paul Kennedy, Ashley Stueck, Swan Thung, James Babb, Andrew Smith, Bachir Taouli
BACKGROUND: Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) combining different techniques such as MR elastography (MRE) has emerged as a noninvasive approach to diagnose and stage liver fibrosis with high accuracy allowing for anatomical and functional information. PURPOSE: To assess the diagnostic performance of mpMRI including qualitative and quantitative assessment of MRE, liver surface nodularity (LSN) measurement, hepatic enhancement ratios postgadoxetic acid, and serum markers (APRI, FIB-4) for the detection of liver fibrosis...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168311/-usefulness-of-serum-wisteria-floribunda-agglutinin-positive-mac-2-binding-protein-in-children-with-primary-sclerosing-cholangitis
#19
Shuichiro Umetsu, Ayano Inui, Tsuyoshi Sogo, Haruki Komatsu, Tomoo Fujisawa
BACKGROUND: Wisteria floribunda agglutinin positive Mac-2 binding protein (WFA+ -M2BP) is a novel serum marker of hepatic fibrosis in adults with chronic hepatitis C. However, it remains unclear whether serum WFA+ -M2BP levels are associated with the progression of liver histology in primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) . METHODS: Twenty-eight children and adolescence with pediatric onset-PSC (M/F = 20/8, median age at diagnosis: 9 years) were enrolled in this study...
November 22, 2017: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161258/insulin-resistance-and-hyperandrogenism-drive-steatosis-and-fibrosis-risk-in-young-females-with-pcos
#20
Salvatore Petta, Alessandro Ciresi, Jessica Bianco, Vincenzo Geraci, Roberta Boemi, Luigi Galvano, Franco Magliozzo, Giovanni Merlino, Antonio Craxì, Carla Giordano
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) recognize obesity and insulin resistance (IR) as common pathogenic background. We assessed 1) whether PCOS is a risk factor for steatosis, and 2) the impact, in PCOS patients, of IR and hyperandrogenism on steatosis and fibrosis. METHODS: We considered 202 consecutive Italian PCOS nondiabetic patients and 101 age-matched controls. PCOS was diagnosed applying the Rotterdam diagnostic criteria...
2017: PloS One
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