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Cosmetic nasal surgery

Q Zhong, Z G Huang, J G Fang, X J Chen, X H Chen, L Z Hou, P D Li, H Z Ma, S Z He
Objective: To evaluate the outcome of one-stage reconstruction of maxillary and orbital defects with modified temporalis muscle flap (TMF) following the removal of malignant neoplasms. Methods: In this retrospective study, 15 patients underwent the reconstruction of defects of orbital floor and palate after maxillectomy for malignant tumor were included from June 2008 to June 2014. The modified temporalis muscle flap was used to repair the defects after surgery, and functional outcomes were analyzed. Results: All the patients were followed up for 12-81 months...
September 7, 2016: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Arash Momeni, Ronald P Gruber
Rhinoplasty is perhaps the most complex cosmetic surgery procedure performed today. It is characterized by an intricate interplay between form and function, with patient satisfaction being dependent not only on improvement of nasal appearance but also resolution of preexisting airway symptoms. The prerequisite for successful execution of this challenging procedure is a thorough understanding of nasal anatomy and physiology. Hence, a thorough preoperative evaluation is at least as important and the surgical skill in performing the operation...
October 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Cyrus T Manuel, Rani Harb, Alan Badran, David Ho, Brian J F Wong
Nasal tip mechanical stability is important for functional and cosmetic nasal airway surgery. Palpation of the nasal tip provides information on tip strength to the surgeon, though it is a purely subjective assessment. Providing a means to simulate nasal tip deformation with a validated model can offer a more objective approach in understanding the mechanics and nuances of the nasal tip support and eventual nasal mechanics as a whole. Herein we present validation of a finite element (FE) model of the nose using physical measurements recorded using an ABS plastic-silicone nasal phantom...
September 15, 2016: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
Fernando Casanueva, Deniz Gerecci
Importance: The dome binding suture (DBS) used for nasal tip refinement creates the unwanted effects of nasal tip pinching owing to shadowing and loss of alar support. The hemitransdomal suture (HTS), however, refines the nasal tip while maintaining a natural contour between the nasal tip and the alar lobule. To our knowledge, no objective comparison between the DBS and HTS techniques has been described in the literature to date. Objective: To determine whether the DBS or HTS technique results in an objectively satisfactory outcome in nasal tip contouring when assessed from the perspective of the basal view...
September 1, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
Zhenyu Yang, Xiaoyan Tan, Jun Fang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to measure the soft tissue of the external nasal base in Han Chinese women and identify indices with which to simplify morphological assessment. METHODS: This study involved 155 Han women in China. The control group comprised 101 women, and the surgical group comprised 54 women. Using measurements and analytical software, we measured the nasal base on photographs in the two groups. The nasal base was also measured preoperatively and postoperatively in the surgical group...
2016: SpringerPlus
Nazir A Khan, Ayaz Rehman, Rajshri Yadav
The surgeons performing rhinoplasty found Graft selection the greatest challenge. To avoid an immune response the preferred choice thus far for nasal reconstruction would be autograft compared to allograft due to its lower rate of rejection. We have evaluated 30 patients who underwent open rhinoplasty and We used conchal and septal cartilaginous grafts in various forms by the open approach to correct various nasal deformities compared our experience regarding the operative technique, graft availability, indications, and limitations...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Alexander Berghaus
Rhinoplasty is one of the most commonly performed cosmetic surgeries and, in many cases, an elective procedure. Therefore, it is crucial to assess the functional and aesthetic issues of the patient accurately and devise the proper surgical strategy most beneficial to the patient. Modern rhinoplasties can be approached by two distinct techniques: the open technique or the closed, endonasal technique. While most rhinosurgeons today prefer the open procedure due its superior access to the nasal scaffold and overview over the surgical field in particular, we highlight in this article techniques and benefits of endonasal rhinoplasty and critically discuss situations where such an approach yields superior results...
August 2016: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Ozlem Unsal, Gulpembe Bozkurt, Meltem Akpinar, Pinar Akova, Bilge Turk, Berna Uslu Coskun
Importance: Performing an open-approach extracorporeal septoplasty (OAES) without simultaneous rhinoplasty could have adverse effects. We sought to understand the effects of OAES without simultaneous rhinoplasty on nasal tip projection and rotation in patients with severe septal deviation. Objectives: To evaluate the outcomes of OAES without simultaneous rhinoplasty in terms of nasal tip projection and rotation using objective measurements. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective study was conducted at a training and research hospital using medical records of 32 adult patients who underwent OAES without simultaneous rhinoplasty between April 10, 2012 and June 12, 2015...
October 1, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Cedric Hunter, Lorne Rosenfield, Elena Silverstein, Panayiota Petrou-Zeniou
BACKGROUND: Up to 20 percent of the general population is persistently colonized with Staphylococcus aureus, and 1 to 3 percent of the population is colonized with community-acquired methicillin-resistant S. aureus. Currently, the knowledge of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus carriage sites other than the nose, and their effect on surgical site infections in cosmetic surgery, is lacking. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review using the PubMed database to analyze prevalence, anatomical carrier sites, current screening and decontamination protocols and guidelines, and methicillin-resistant S...
August 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Myriam Loyo, Deniz Gerecci, Jess C Mace, Melynda Barnes, Selena Liao, Tom D Wang
Importance: Graft visibility in the supratip region has been the main criticism of the butterfly graft. Because of the graft location, slightly unfavorable supratip fullness can occur, resulting in patient dissatisfaction with the cosmetic result. Objective: To describe the clinical outcomes and visibility of the butterfly graft after technique modifications. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this retrospective review of adults who had undergone primary or secondary rhinoplasty with butterfly grafting from July 1, 2013, through July 31, 2014, at a tertiary care center at an academic institution, an operative log and photographs were reviewed in an effort to analyze outcomes of butterfly graft use in rhinoplasty...
July 7, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
Sergio Fernández-Cossío, María Jesús Rodríguez-Dintén, Francisco Gude, José Manuel Fernández-Álvarez
BACKGROUND: The use of topical vasoconstrictors is a common practice in nasal surgery. These agents reduce bleeding and enable a good surgical field. Topical cocaine and epinephrine, which are frequently used in cosmetic rhinoplasty, are considered safe and effective, but secondary effects have been described. The aim of the present study was to evaluate and compare the benefits and risks of epinephrine and cocaine employed as topical vasoconstrictive agents in cosmetic rhinoplasty. METHODS: This prospective non-randomised study included 65 consecutive female patients undergoing primary closed rhinoplasty...
October 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Makiko Miyahara, Koichiro Okamoto, Yuta Tamai, Kaoru Aishima, Masato Inoue, Hiroyasu Ohno, Tetsuo Hara, Shigemi Matsubayashi
Although penetrating head injuries are very rare in Japan, an extremely rare case is reported in which an ivory chip, embedded in the subcutaneous tissue by a cosmetic rhinoplasty, penetrated the cranium. A 69-year-old woman with a psychiatric disorder suddenly jumped down from a window and bruised her face. The ivory chip went into her left frontal lobe via the frontal sinus. At surgery, it was completely removed via the nasion. There were no postoperative complications after adequate frontal sinus repair and closure of dura mater with a piece of pericranium...
June 2016: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
Vasanthakumar Packiriswamy, Mounir Bashour, Satheesha Nayak
The normal values of nasal dimensions and position have been established for various racial and ethnic groups. Unfortunately, there is a dearth of information related to these values in South Indian females, leading to surgeons being forced to use statistical data from Caucasians in their decision making. The objective of the present study was to compare statistically the nasal anthropometric measurement of South Indian women (SIW) with published norms for North American white women (NAWW) using independent t-test...
June 2016: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Bijan Beigi, Deepak Vayalambrone, Mohsen Bahmani Kashkouli, Peter Prinsley, Jan Saada
PURPOSE: To present a technique to improve the surgical treatment of frontal sinus mucocele and its recurrence. METHODS: Nine procedures performed on eight patients by a team of ENT and Ophthalmic orbital surgeons. Data collected included patient demographics, surgical details, pathological findings and complications. The surgical technique involved an external approach via the upper eyelid skin crease combined with an internal approach with a rigid 4 mm endoscope described below...
March 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Farkhondeh Sharif, Behnaz Anooshehpoor, Arash Mani, Ladan Zarshenas, Najaf Zare, Ali Haghighatian
BACKGROUND: Rhinoplasty is the most common cosmetic surgery which has been dramatically increasing in Iran. Currently, Iran is ranked the first in the world in rhinoplasty. In the present study, we aimed to assess the character and temperament traits of the applicants referred to rhinoplasty surgeons in Shiraz, southwest Iran in 2015. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we recruited 500 participants among rhinoplasty applicants for case and among students and clerks residing in Shiraz by convenience sampling method in 2015...
April 2016: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
R Zojaji, M Keshavarzmanesh, M Bakhshaee, R Behdani, S Esmaeelzadeh, M MazloumFarsiBaf
Rhinoplasty is one of the most common and challenging cosmetic procedures. One of the complications of rhinoplasty associated with dissatisfaction is nasal obstruction, which is often due to narrowing of the nasal valve area. Application of certain procedures such as turbinoplasty can prevent and correct this problem. This study aim was to investigate the effect of inferior turbinoplasty in reduction of airflow resistance and nasal obstruction. Using active anterior rhinomanometry, nasal airflow was measured in 50 patients who underwent cosmetic rhinoplasty and bilateral turbinoplasty before and 6 months after surgery...
April 2016: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
Angelo Troedhan
PURPOSE: Experimental and clinical studies in various fields of oral and maxillofacial surgery suggest the use of piezotomes to reduce postsurgical morbidity and enhance healing. The aim of the study was to investigate if rhinoplasty surgery with piezotomes might decrease postsurgical morbidity and increase overall patient satisfaction when compared with rhinoplasty with traditional instruments and protocols. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective clinical study, patients in a cosmetic surgery department, ear-nose-throat (ENT) department, and the department for maxillofacial surgery, scheduled for cosmetic reductive rhinoplasty, underwent rhinoplasty with traditional instruments or an ultrasonic surgical device called a "piezotome...
August 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Young Hwan Oh, Je Won Seo, Se Joon Oh, Ick Tae Oum, Gukjin Kim, Jun Kim, Sa Yong Kim, Seung Woo Shin, DaEun Park, Kenneth K Kim
BACKGROUND: Severely contracted nose is manifested with a tight and hardened nasal envelope. Expansion of the contracted skin is an important first step in correcting these revision cases. The underlying weak lower lateral cartilage makes the tip projection structurally difficult to achieve and maintain without rigid supporting cartilage grafting. METHODS: A total 59 of patients were treated with isolated adipose-derived stromal cells before revision surgery to soften the nasal envelope...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Emin Kapi, Mehmet Bozkurt, Torun Ozer, Mehmet Yusuf Celik
The repair of cleft lips has an important place in plastic and reconstructive surgery. In the treatment of these deformities, the aim was to restore the normal lip morphology in the cleft area as well as repairing any coexisting nasal deformities. Various methods are in use for this purpose. One of the most commonly employed surgical methods is Millard repair. However, this method may lead to additional scarring in the alar base on the cleft side subsequent to the incision. In this study, the results obtained from a group who have been applied alar base incisions during the modified Millard repair are compared to a group who have undergone intranasal wide dissections...
May 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Jong Sook Yi, Min Joo Kim, Yong Ju Jang
OBJECTIVE: To report treatment outcomes of patients with different types of nasal bone fracture, following a tailored treatment protocol. DESIGN: The patterns and the severity of the fractures were determined by a preoperative facial photo and nasal bone computed tomography (CT) retrospectively. SETTING: A tertiary referral center. PARTICIPANTS: We evaluated 129 patients who underwent surgery between March 2002 and January 2014...
April 18, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
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