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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528447/a-single-bout-of-endurance-exercise-modulates-eeg-microstates-temporal-features
#1
Jérôme N Spring, Miralena I Tomescu, Jérôme Barral
Electrical neuroimaging is a promising method to explore the spontaneous brain function after physical exercise. The present study aims to investigate the effect of acute physical exercise on the temporal dynamic of the resting brain activity captured by the four conventional map topographies (microstates) described in the literature, and to associate these brain changes with the post-exercise neuromuscular function. Twenty endurance-trained subjects performed a 30-min biking task at 60% of their maximal aerobic power followed by a 10 km all-out time trial...
May 20, 2017: Brain Topography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527624/understanding-aerobic-anaerobic-metabolism-in-caldibacillus-debilis-through-a-comparison-with-model-organisms
#2
Scott Wushke, Victor Spicer, Xiang Li Zhang, Brian Fristensky, Oleg V Krokhin, David B Levin, Nazim Cicek, Richard Sparling
Caldibacillus debilis GB1 is a facultative anaerobe isolated from a thermophilic aero-tolerant cellulolytic enrichment culture. There is a lack of representative proteomes of facultative anaerobic thermophilic Bacillaceae, exploring aerobic/anaerobic expression. The C. debilis GB1 genome was sequenced and annotated, and the proteome characterized under aerobic and anaerobic conditions while grown on cellobiose. The draft sequence of C. debilis GB1 contains a 3,340,752 bp chromosome and a 5,386 bp plasmid distributed over 49 contigs...
April 13, 2017: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527367/ysicochemical-properties-lipid-oxidation-and-sensory-attributes-of-pork-patties-with-lupin-protein-concentrate-stored-in-vacuum-modified-atmosphere-and-frozen-state
#3
Marzena Danowska-Oziewicz, Lidia Kurp
The effect of lupin protein concentrate (LPC) addition on selected physicochemical properties, lipid oxidation and sensory quality of pork patties was investigated. LPC was added at the level 1%, 2% and 3%. Patties were packed in vacuum and modified atmosphere (MA) and stored 42days in a refrigerator while aerobically packed patties were stored 84days in a frozen state. Patties with LPC showed a lower cooking loss, were less cohesive and juicy, and demonstrated a non-typical flavour compared to the control samples...
May 10, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527156/the-effect-of-aerobic-or-aerobic-strength-exercise-on-body-composition-and-functional-capacity-in-patients-with-bmi-%C3%A2-35-after-bariatric-surgery-a-randomized-control-trial
#4
Alireza Hassannejad, Alireza Khalaj, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Mastaneh Rajabian Tabesh, Zahra Alizadeh
BACKGROUND: Although previous studies suggested that bariatric surgery is the most effective and sustainable treatment method for morbid obesity in long term, but without changing in lifestyle, maintaining optimal weight loss is almost impossible. METHODS: Sixty morbid obese patients (BMI ≥ 35) were evaluated before and after 12 weeks of bariatric surgery in order to compare the impact of two different exercise programs on body composition and functional capacity outcomes...
May 19, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527012/effect-of-voluntary-hypocapnic-hyperventilation-or-moderate-hypoxia-on-metabolic-and-heart-rate-responses-during-high-intensity-intermittent-exercise
#5
Kohei Dobashi, Naoto Fujii, Kazuhito Watanabe, Bun Tsuji, Yosuke Sasaki, Tomomi Fujimoto, Satoru Tanigawa, Takeshi Nishiyasu
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of voluntary hypocapnic hyperventilation or moderate hypoxia on metabolic and heart rate responses during high-intensity intermittent exercise. METHODS: Ten males performed three 30-s bouts of high-intensity cycling [Ex1 and Ex2: constant-workload at 80% of the power output in the Wingate anaerobic test (WAnT), Ex3: WAnT] interspaced with 4-min recovery periods under normoxic (Control), hypocapnic or hypoxic (2500 m) conditions...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526789/a-novel-iron-dependent-enzyme-that-catalyzes-the-initial-step-in-the-biodegradation-of-n-nitroglycine-by-variovorax-sp-strain-js1663
#6
Kristina M Mahan, Hangping Zheng, Tekle T Fida, Ronald J Parry, David E Graham, Jim C Spain
Nitramines are key constituents of most of the explosives in current use and consequently contaminate soil and groundwater at many military facilities around the world. Toxicity from nitramine contamination poses a health risk to plants and animals, thus understanding how nitramines are biodegraded is critical to environmental remediation. The biodegradation of synthetic nitramine compounds such as hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5- triazine (RDX) has been studied for decades, but little is known about the catabolism of naturally produced nitramine compounds...
May 19, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526307/risk-factors-of-cardiac-device-infection-glove-contamination-during-device-procedures
#7
Isabella Kozon, Sam Riahi, Søren Lundbye-Christensen, Anna Margrethe Thøgersen, Tove Ejlertsen, Dorthe Aaen, Kirsten I Paulsen, Søren Hjortshøj
BACKGROUND: Infections in cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) constitute a serious complication. We sought to identify contamination of gloves before handling the device in primary and replacement CIED procedures. METHODS: Two groups of 30 patients underwent primary CIED implantation or replacement. Before the device entered the surgical field, surgeon and assistant imprinted their outer gloves on aerobe and anaerobe agar plates, and a wound swab was performed...
May 16, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525879/application-of-calcium-peroxide-in-water-and-soil-treatment-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Shuguang Lu, Xiang Zhang, Yunfei Xue
Calcium peroxide (CP) has been progressively applied in terms of environmental protection due to its certain physical and chemical properties. This review focuses on the latest progresses in the applications of CP in water and soil treatment, including wastewater treatment, surface water restoration and groundwater and soil remediation. The stability of CP makes it an effective solid phase to supply H2O2 and O2 for aerobic biodegradation and chemical degradation of contaminants in water and soil. CP has exerted great performance in the removal of dyes, chlorinated hydrocarbons, petroleum hydrocarbons, pesticides, heavy metals and various other contaminants...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525464/the-cardiac-rehabilitation-model-improves-fitness-quality-of-life-and-depression-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#9
Lianne B Dolan, Danielle Barry, Teresa Petrella, Lindsay Davey, Ann Minnes, Allison Yantzi, Susan Marzolini, Paul Oh
PURPOSE: Exercise is a demonstrated, therapeutic strategy for cancer survivors to minimize many treatment-induced side effects and may decrease risk of recurrence. Nonetheless, structured programs that combine exercise and education are not yet standardized within cancer care. The Health, Exercise, Active Living, Therapeutic lifestyle (HEALTh) program is a clinical exercise program based on the established cardiac rehabilitation model, but customized for female breast cancer survivors...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524725/a-sport-education-fitness-season-s-impact-on-students-fitness-levels-knowledge-and-in-class-physical-activity
#10
Jeffery Kurt Ward, Peter A Hastie, Danielle D Wadsworth, Shelby Foote, Sheri J Brock, Nikki Hollett
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which a sport education season of fitness could provide students with recommended levels of in-class moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) while also increasing students' fitness knowledge and fitness achievement. METHOD: One hundred and sixty-six 5th-grade students (76 boys, 90 girls) participated in a 20-lesson season called "CrossFit Challenge" during a 4-week period. The Progressive Aerobic Cardiovascular Endurance Run, push-ups, and curl-ups tests of the FITNESSGRAM® were used to assess fitness at pretest and posttest, while fitness knowledge was assessed through a validated, grade-appropriate test of health-related fitness knowledge (HRF)...
May 19, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523961/chronotype-and-response-to-training-during-the-polar-night-a-pilot-study
#11
Jacopo Antonino Vitale, Eva Bjoerkesett, Andrea Campana, Giacomo Panizza, Andi Weydahl
BACKGROUND: An individual's chronotype influences his or her physiological rhythms. Some studies have looked at the effect of time of day on the responses to exercise, but studies on the effect of long-term training are lacking. OBJECTIVE:  To report the effects of an 8-week training period during the polar night in non-athletes of different chronotypes living at 70°N. DESIGN:  In all, 10 morning (M), 10 neither (N) and 10 evening (E) types were recruited, and their aerobic capacity (VO2max), strength, flexibility and balance before and after the training period were tested...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523377/mining-lipolytic-enzymes-in-community-dna-from-high-andean-soils-using-a-targeted-approach
#12
Daniel Borda-Molina, José Salvador Montaña, María Mercedes Zambrano, Sandra Baena
Microbial enrichments cultures are a useful strategy to speed up the search for enzymes that can be employed in industrial processes. Lipases have gained special attention because they show unique properties such as: broad substrate specificity, enantio- and regio-selectivity and stability in organic solvents. A major goal is to identify novel lipolytic enzymes from microorganisms living in cold extreme environments such as high Andean soils, of relevance to our study being their capability be used in industrial processes...
May 18, 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523342/exercise-capacity-before-and-after-stent-placement-for-coarctation-of-the-aorta-a-single-center-case-series
#13
Brandon D Morrical, Jason H Anderson, Nathaniel W Taggart
Over the last 15 years, stent placement has become a viable and safe alternative to surgical repair for native and recurrent coarctation of the aorta. Although patients with coarctation of the aorta often have lower exercise tolerance, there is no published data regarding the effect of coarctation stenting on exercise capacity. We aimed to determine the effect of coarctation stent placement on exercise capacity. We conducted a retrospective chart review of all patients who underwent stent placement for native or recurrent coarctation of the aorta at our institution from January 2000 to October 2012...
May 18, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522092/effects-of-acute-morning-and-evening-exercise-on-subjective-and%C3%A2-objective-sleep-quality-in-older-individuals-with-insomnia
#14
Yuko Morita, Taeko Sasai-Sakuma, Yuichi Inoue
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to compare the effects of acute morning or evening exercise on nocturnal sleep in individuals with two subjective insomnia symptoms: difficulty in initiating sleep (DIS), and early morning awakening (EMA), separately for the first vs the second halves of the night. METHODS: Older individuals (55-65 years old) with DIS (N = 15) or EMA (N = 15) and age- and sex-matched controls (N = 13) participated in this non-randomized crossover study...
June 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521867/effect-of-a-single-bout-of-aerobic-exercise-on-high-fat-meal-induced-inflammation
#15
Kelly N Z Fuller, Corey M Summers, Rudy J Valentine
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Chronic low-grade inflammation is involved in the development of metabolic disorders including atherosclerosis, type 2 diabetes (T2D) and metabolic syndrome. Aerobic exercise has been shown to be anti-inflammatory and attenuate postprandial blood lipids, however, the effect of exercise on postprandial inflammation remains unclear. The aim of this study was to determine the protective effect of a single bout of aerobic exercise against postprandial lipemia and peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) inflammation and to evaluate associations with changes in the energy-sensing enzyme, AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)...
June 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521272/impact-of-prematurity-on-exercise-capacity-and-agility-of-children-and-youth-aged-8-to-18
#16
Tatjana Robič Pikel, Gregor Starc, Janko Strel, Marjeta Kovač, Janez Babnik, Petra Golja
BACKGROUND: Preterm (PT) birth and low birth mass (LBW) can impair growth and development of children and may therefore affect their physical performance up to adulthood. AIMS: Our aim was to evaluate long-term consequences of prematurity, especially (an)aerobic exercise capacity and agility up to adulthood, by comparing premature and full-term (FT) individuals. STUDY DESIGN, SUBJECTS: From 474 subjects born in 1987, who were enrolled into a longitudinal study, 396 (178 PT and 218 FT (with 127 of them LBW)) were followed-up into their early adulthood...
May 15, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521227/start-up-and-operation-of-an-aerobic-granular-sludge-system-under-low-working-temperature-inoculated-with-cold-adapted-activated-sludge-from-finland
#17
Alejandro Gonzalez-Martinez, Barbara Muñoz-Palazon, Alejandro Rodriguez-Sanchez, Paula Maza-Márquez, Anna Mikola, Jesus Gonzalez-Lopez, Riku Vahala
An aerobic granular sludge system has been started-up and operated at 7°C temperature using cold-adapted activated sludge as inoculum. The system could form granular biomass due to batch operation allowing for just 5-3min of biomass sedimentation. Scanning electron microscopy showed that fungi helped in the granular biomass formation in the early stages of the granule formation. The removal performance of the system was of 92-95% in BOD5, 75-80% in COD, 70-76% in total nitrogen and 50-60% in total phosphorous...
May 10, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520754/effects-of-milk-product-intake-on-thigh-muscle-strength-and-nfkb-gene-methylation-during-home-based-interval-walking-training-in-older-women-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#18
Shizue Masuki, Kensei Nishida, Shigenari Hashimoto, Mayuko Morikawa, Satoshi Takasugi, Masashi Nagata, Shun'ichiro Taniguchi, Kazuhito Rokutan, Hiroshi Nose
BACKGROUND: Muscle atrophy with aging is closely associated with chronic systemic inflammation and lifestyle-related diseases. In the present study, we assessed whether post-exercise milk product intake during 5-month interval walking training (IWT) enhanced the increase in thigh muscle strength and ameliorated susceptibility to inflammation in older women. METHODS: Subjects [n = 37, 66±5 (standard deviation) yrs] who had been performing IWT for >6 months participated in this study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520668/structural-connectivity-related-to-persistent-symptoms-after-mild-tbi-in-adolescents-and-response-to-aerobic-training-preliminary-investigation
#19
Weihong Yuan, Shari L Wade, Catherine Quatman-Yates, Jason A Hugentobler, Paul J Gubanich, Brad G Kurowski
OBJECTIVE: To quantify structural connectivity abnormalities in adolescents with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and to investigate connectivity changes following aerobic training using graph theory and diffusion tensor imaging tractography. SETTING: Outpatient research setting. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-two children (age: 15.83 ± 1.77 years, 10 females) with 4 to 16 weeks of persistent symptoms after mTBI and a matched healthy comparison group...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517001/gold-catalyzed-oxidative-hydroacylation-reactions-of-%C3%AE-iminoalkynes-with-aldehydes-and-o2
#20
Yu-Chen Hsu, Jing-He Lai, Rai-Shung Liu
Gold-catalyzed aerobic oxidations of α-iminoalkynes with aryl aldehydes led to oxidative 1,3-hydroacyclation reactions, yielding high Z-selectivity. We performed (2)H- and (18)O-labeling experiments to confirm the role of water as an oxygen donor and O2 as the main oxidant. The Z-selectivity arises from an efficient conjugation between the enone and its aryl substituent. We postulate an initial [4+2]-annulation of α-iminoalkynes with aldehydes to form a six-membered oxonium species that is attacked by water, followed by the O2 oxidation of a key intermediate...
May 18, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
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