keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Calreticulin

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773794/calreticulin-and-integrin-alpha-dissociation-induces-anti-inflammatory-programming-in-animal-models-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#1
Masayoshi Ohkuro, Jun-Dal Kim, Yoshikazu Kuboi, Yuki Hayashi, Hayase Mizukami, Hiroko Kobayashi-Kuramochi, Kenzo Muramoto, Manabu Shirato, Fumiko Michikawa-Tanaka, Jun Moriya, Teruya Kozaki, Kazuma Takase, Kenichi Chiba, Kishan Lal Agarwala, Takayuki Kimura, Makoto Kotake, Tetsuya Kawahara, Naoki Yoneda, Shinsuke Hirota, Hiroshi Azuma, Nobuko Ozasa-Komura, Yoshiaki Ohashi, Masafumi Muratani, Keiji Kimura, Ieharu Hishinuma, Akiyoshi Fukamizu
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), including ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, is a chronic intestinal inflammatory condition initiated by integrins-mediated leukocyte adhesion to the activated colonic microvascular endothelium. Calreticulin (CRT), a calcium-binding chaperone, is known as a partner in the activation of integrin α subunits (ITGAs). The relationship between their interaction and the pathogenesis of IBD is largely unknown. Here we show that a small molecule, orally active ER-464195-01, inhibits the CRT binding to ITGAs, which suppresses the adhesiveness of both T cells and neutrophils...
May 17, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769311/tumor-associated-calreticulin-variants-functionally-compromise-the-peptide-loading-complex-and-impair-its-recruitment-of-mhc-i
#2
Najla Arshad, Peter Cresswell
Major histocompatibility complex-I-β2 m dimers (MHC-I) bind peptides derived from intracellular proteins, enabling the immune system to distinguish between normal cells and those expressing pathogen-derived or mutant proteins. The peptides bind to MHC-I in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), and this binding is facilitated by the peptide-loading complex (PLC), which contains calreticulin (CRT). CRT associates with MHC-I via a conserved glycan present on MHC-I and recruits it to the PLC for peptide binding. Somatic frameshift mutations in CRT (CRT-FS) drive the proliferation of a subset of myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs), which are chronic blood tumors...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755460/proteinase-3-interferes-with-c1q-mediated-clearance-of-apoptotic-cells
#3
Pascale Tacnet-Delorme, Julie Gabillet, Simon Chatfield, Nathalie Thieblemont, Philippe Frachet, Véronique Witko-Sarsat
Proteinase 3 (PR3) is the autoantigen in granulomatosis with polyangiitis, an autoimmune necrotizing vasculitis associated with anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCAs). Moreover, PR3 is a serine protease whose membrane expression can potentiate inflammatory diseases such as ANCA-associated vasculitis and rheumatoid arthritis. During apoptosis, PR3 is co-externalized with phosphatidylserine (PS) and is known to modulate the clearance of apoptotic cells through a calreticulin (CRT)-dependent mechanism...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752336/the-role-and-mechanism-of-chaperones-calnexin-calreticulin-in-which-alln-selectively-rescues-the-trafficking-defective-of-herg-a561v-mutation
#4
Ying Wang, Tingting Shen, Peiliang Fang, Junbo Zhou, Kenan Lou, Zemin Cen, Hai Qian, Jianqing Zhou, Ningsheng Liu, Jiangfang Lian
Background: LQT2 was caused by HERG mutation. L539fs/47 encodes a truncated protein,and its mechanisms in HERG mutation is unknown. Method: HERG mutation plasmids were overexpressed in HEK293T cells respectively, followed by analyzing lysates with western-blot. Transfected HEK293T cells were treated with or without ALLN and Propranolol 24hrs or 48hrs. HERG-WT, HERG-A561V, WT/A561V, HERG-L539fs/47, WT/L539fs/47 and calnexin/calreticulin protein expressing and their interactions were detected by western blot and immunoprecipitation...
May 11, 2018: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751843/characterisation-of-proteins-in-excretory-secretory-products-collected-from-salmon-lice-lepeophtheirus-salmonis
#5
Scott Hamilton, Kevin McLean, Sean J Monaghan, Carol McNair, Neil F Inglis, Hazel McDonald, Sandra Adams, Randolph Richards, William Roy, Patrick Smith, James Bron, Alasdair J Nisbet, David Knox
BACKGROUND: The salmon louse, Lepeophtheirus salmonis, is an ectoparasitic copepod which feeds on the mucus, skin and blood of salmonid fish species. The parasite can persist on the surface of the fish without any effective control being exerted by the host immune system. Other ectoparasitic invertebrates produce compounds in their saliva, excretions and/or secretions which modulate the host immune responses allowing them to remain on or in the host during development. Similarly, compounds are produced in secretions of L...
May 11, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748013/loss-of-c-ebp-%C3%AE-lip-drives-cisplatin-resistance-in-malignant-pleural-mesothelioma
#6
Joanna Kopecka, Iris C Salaroglio, Luisella Righi, Roberta Libener, Sara Orecchia, Federica Grosso, Vladan Milosevic, Preeta Ananthanarayanan, Luisa Ricci, Enrica Capelletto, Monica Pradotto, Francesca Napoli, Massimo Di Maio, Silvia Novello, Menachem Rubinstein, Giorgio V Scagliotti, Chiara Riganti
OBJECTIVES: Cisplatin-based chemotherapy is moderately active in malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) due to intrinsic drug resistance and to low immunogenicity of MPM cells. CAAT/enhancer binding protein (C/EBP)-β LIP is a pro-apoptotic and chemosensitizing transcription factor activated in response to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We investigated if LIP levels can predict the clinical response to cisplatin and survival of MPM patients receiving cisplatin-based chemotherapy...
June 2018: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741776/skewed-megakaryopoiesis-in-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-haematopoietic-progenitor-cells-harbouring-calreticulin-mutations
#7
Hiraku Takei, Yoko Edahiro, Shuichi Mano, Nami Masubuchi, Yoshihisa Mizukami, Misa Imai, Soji Morishita, Kyohei Misawa, Tomonori Ochiai, Satoshi Tsuneda, Hiroshi Endo, Sou Nakamura, Koji Eto, Akimichi Ohsaka, Marito Araki, Norio Komatsu
Somatic mutations in the calreticulin (CALR) gene have been found in most patients with JAK2- and MPL-unmutated Philadelphia chromosome-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs). It has recently been shown that mutant CALR constitutively activates the thrombopoietin receptor MPL and, thus, plays a causal role in the development of MPNs. However, the roles of mutant CALR in human haematopoietic cell differentiation remain predominantly elusive. To examine the impact of the 5-base insertion mutant CALR gene (Ins5) on haematopoietic cell differentiation, we generated induced pluripotent stem cells from an essential thrombocythaemia (ET) patient harbouring a CALR-Ins5 mutation and from a healthy individual (WT)...
May 9, 2018: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737376/author-correction-hypericin-based-photodynamic-therapy-induces-surface-exposure-of-damage-associated-molecular-patterns-like-hsp70-and-calreticulin
#8
Abhishek D Garg, Dmitri V Krysko, Peter Vandenabeele, Patrizia Agostinis
This correction refers to our Short Communication published in Cancer Immunology Immunotherapy in the year 2012 [1]. It has come to our attention that some errors resulting from accidental oversight concerning incorrect deletion/replacement of temporary placeholder images during figure assembly and mounting occurred during the assembly of the "Intracellular Proteins" immunoblots presented in Fig. 1A and Fig. 1D.
May 8, 2018: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733248/antitumor-response-by-endoplasmic-reticulum-targeting-dna-vaccine-is-improved-by-adding-a-kdel-retention-signal
#9
José J Pérez-Trujillo, Olivia A Robles-Rodríguez, Rodolfo Garza-Morales, Aracely García-García, Humberto Rodríguez-Rocha, Arnulfo Villanueva-Olivo, Juan C Segoviano-Ramírez, Sandra C Esparza-González, Odila Saucedo-Cárdenas, Roberto Montes-de-Oca-Luna, María J Loera-Arias
Directing an antigen to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) improves the antigen-specific immune response, revealing a potentially useful strategy in cancer immunotherapy using tumor-associated antigens (TAAs). This can be achieved by fusing the antigen to an ER chaperone protein, such as calreticulin (CRT). We previously reported the antitumor response by fusing the CRT signal peptide (SP) and its ER retention sequence (KDEL) to full-length human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV-16) E6 and E7 antigens, obtaining a potent antitumoral effect...
May 7, 2018: Nucleic Acid Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731911/dysregulated-chaperones-associated-with-cell-proliferation-and-negative-apoptosis-regulation-in-the-uterine-leiomyoma
#10
Blendi Ura, Federica Scrimin, Giorgio Arrigoni, Michelangelo Aloisio, Lorenzo Monasta, Giuseppe Ricci
Uterine leiomyomas are benign smooth muscle cell tumors that originate from the myometrium. In this study we focus on dysregulated chaperones associated with cell proliferation and apoptosis. Paired tissue samples of 15 leiomyomas and adjacent myometria were obtained and analyzed by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE). Mass spectrometry was used for protein identification and western blotting for 2-DE data validation. The values of 6 chaperones were found to be significantly different in the leiomyoma when compared with the myometrium...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725364/asxl1-mutations-in-chinese-patients-with-essential-thrombocythemia
#11
Yan-Bo Nie, Meng Sun, Colin K He, Man-Kai Ju, Fu-Ling Zhou, San-Yun Wu, Yi Zhou, Li Liu, Hui Shen, Ting-Ting Huang, Pan Liu, Ying Xu, Liang Shao, Xue-Lan Zuo
Essential thrombocythemia (ET) is characterized by thrombotic and hemorrhagic events. The association of clinical characteristics of Chinese ET patients and additional sex combs like 1 (ASXL1) mutations in these patients has remained to be elucidated. In the present study, 72 newly diagnosed Chinese ET patients were enrolled to determine ASXL1 mutations. Mutations in ASXL1, Janus kinase (JAK)2, calreticulin (CALR) and myeloproliferative leukemia (MPL) genes were detected using Sanger sequencing, and data were statistically analyzed...
May 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715157/elevated-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-and-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-myelofibrosis-inflammatory-biomarkers-or-representatives-of-myeloproliferation-itself
#12
Marko Lucijanic, David Cicic, Tajana Stoos-Veic, Vlatko Pejsa, Jelena Lucijanic, Amina Fazlic Dzankic, Josipa Vlasac Glasnovic, Ena Soric, Marko Skelin, Rajko Kusec
BACKGROUND/AIM: We aimed to investigate clinical associations of inflammatory biomarkers neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio (PLR) in patients with myelofibrosis, myeloproliferative neoplasm with inflammatory background. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed a cohort of 102 myelofibrosis patients. NLR and PLR were assessed in addition to other disease-specific parameters. RESULTS: NLR and PLR were significantly higher in myelofibrosis than in healthy controls...
May 2018: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708722/structural-and-functional-components-of-the-skate-sensory-organ-ampullae-of-lorenzini
#13
Xing Zhang, Ke Xia, Lei Lin, Fuming Zhang, Yanlei Yu, Kalib St Ange, Xiaorui Han, Eric Edsinger, Joel Sohn, Robert J Linhardt
The skate, a cartilaginous fish related to sharks and rays, possesses a unique electrosensitive sensory organ known as the ampullae of Lorenzini (AoL). This organ is responsible for the detection of weak electric field changes caused by the muscle contractions of their prey. While keratan sulfate (KS) is believed to be a component of a jelly that fills this sensory organ and has been credited with its high proton conductivity, modern analytical methods have not been applied to its characterization. Surprisingly, total glycosaminoglycan (GAG) analysis demonstrates that the KS from skate jelly is extraordinarily pure, containing no other GAGs...
May 9, 2018: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679556/a-novel-smac-mimetic-apg-1387-exhibited-dual-antitumor-effect-on-hbv-positive-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-high-expression-of-ciap2-by-inducing-apoptosis-and-enhancing-innate-anti-tumor-immunity
#14
Wentao Pan, Qiuyun Luo, Xianglei Yan, Luping Yuan, Hanjie Yi, Lin Zhang, Baoxia Li, Yuxin Zhang, Jian Sun, Miao-Zhen Qiu, Da-Jun Yang
Check point inhibitor anti-PD1 antibody produced some efficacy in Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) patients previously treated with sorafenib. Unfortunately, HCC patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection did not respond as well as uninfected patients. Previously, SMAC mimetics-the antagonist for inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAPs) can rapidly reduce serum hepatitis B virus DNA in animal model. APG-1387 is a novel SMAC-mimetic, small molecule inhibitor targeting inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAPs)...
April 18, 2018: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676359/molecular-genetics-of-bcr-abl1-negative-myeloproliferative-neoplasms-in-india
#15
Nikhil Rabade, P G Subramanian, Rohan Kodgule, Goutham Raval, Swapnali Joshi, Shruti Chaudhary, Russel Mascarenhas, Prashant Tembhare, Sumeet Gujral, Nikhil Patkar
Introduction: Over the past decade, we have moved on from a predominantly morphological and clinical classification of myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) to a more evolved classification that accounts for the molecular heterogeneity that is unique to this subgroup of hematological malignancies. This usually incorporates mutations in Janus kinase 2 (JAK2), MPL, and calreticulin (CALR) genes. In this manuscript, we report the frequency of these mutations in a cohort of Indian patients at a tertiary cancer center...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666625/dying-to-be-noticed-epigenetic-regulation-of-immunogenic-cell-death-for-cancer-immunotherapy
#16
REVIEW
Brianne Cruickshank, Michael Giacomantonio, Paola Marcato, Sherri McFarland, Jonathan Pol, Shashi Gujar
Immunogenic cell death (ICD) activates both innate and adaptive arms of the immune system during apoptotic cancer cell death. With respect to cancer immunotherapy, the process of ICD elicits enhanced adjuvanticity and antigenicity from dying cancer cells and consequently, promotes the development of clinically desired antitumor immunity. Cancer ICD requires the presentation of various "hallmarks" of immunomodulation, which include the cell-surface translocation of calreticulin, production of type I interferons, and release of high-mobility group box-1 and ATP, which through their compatible actions induce an immune response against cancer cells...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665657/recent-advances-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-primary-myelofibrosis
#17
Katsuto Takenaka, Kazuya Shimoda, Koichi Akashi
Primary myelofibrosis (PMF) is a myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) in which dysregulation of the Janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription (JAK/STAT) signaling pathways is the major pathogenic mechanism. Most patients with PMF carry a driver mutation in the JAK2, MPL (myeloproliferative leukemia), or CALR (calreticulin) genes. Mutations in epigenetic regulators and RNA splicing genes may also occur, and play critical roles in PMF disease progression. Based on revised World Health Organization diagnostic criteria for MPNs, both screening for driver mutations and bone marrow biopsy are required for a specific diagnosis...
April 20, 2018: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665282/photothermal-therapy-generates-a-thermal-window-of-immunogenic-cell-death-in-neuroblastoma
#18
Elizabeth E Sweeney, Juliana Cano-Mejia, Rohan Fernandes
A thermal "window" of immunogenic cell death (ICD) elicited by nanoparticle-based photothermal therapy (PTT) in an animal model of neuroblastoma is described. In studies using Prussian blue nanoparticles to administer photothermal therapy (PBNP-PTT) to established localized tumors in the neuroblastoma model, it is observed that PBNP-PTT conforms to the "more is better" paradigm, wherein higher doses of PBNP-PTT generates higher cell/local heating and thereby more cell death, and consequently improved animal survival...
April 17, 2018: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652658/bcl-xl-and-mcl-1-upregulation-by-calreticulin-promotes-apoptosis-resistance-of-fibroblast-like-synoviocytes-via-activation-of-pi3k-akt-and-stat3-pathways-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#19
Yachong Jiao, Hongmei Ding, Shanshan Huang, Yixin Liu, Xuguo Sun, Wei Wei, Jun Ma, Fang Zheng
OBJECTIVES: Fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) play key roles in synovium hyperplasia and pannus formation in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The present study was undertaken to explore the mechanisms that calreticulin (CRT) promoted anti-apoptosis of RA FLS. METHODS: The expression of CRT and anti-apoptotic proteins Bcl-XL and Mcl-1 in RA synovium were detected by immunohistochemistry. The expression of Bcl-XL and Mcl-1 in RA FLS by CRT were determined. The phosphorylation of Akt and STAT3 was detected by western blot...
April 13, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601471/nanopulse-stimulation-nps-induces-tumor-ablation-and-immunity-in-orthotopic-4t1-mouse-breast-cancer-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Stephen J Beebe, Brittany P Lassiter, Siqi Guo
Nanopulse Stimulation (NPS) eliminates mouse and rat tumor types in several different animal models. NPS induces protective, vaccine-like effects after ablation of orthotopic rat N1-S1 hepatocellular carcinoma. Here we review some general concepts of NPS in the context of studies with mouse metastatic 4T1 mammary cancer showing that the postablation, vaccine-like effect is initiated by dynamic, multilayered immune mechanisms. NPS eliminates primary 4T1 tumors by inducing immunogenic, caspase-independent programmed cell death (PCD)...
March 30, 2018: Cancers
keyword
keyword
25396
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"