Read by QxMD icon Read


M Palova, T Szotkowski, A Hlusi, K Indrak, J Navratilova, M Divoka, T Papajik
Primary myelofibrosis (PMF) is a chronic clonal myeloid disorder. Together with essential thrombocythemia (ET) and polycythemia vera (PV), it belongs to a group of Philadelphia chromosome-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms. An integral part of laboratory tests carried out in this disease group is detecting the presence of mutations in the Janus kinase 2 gene at position 617 (JAK2 V617F) and in the gene encoding for the receptor for thrombopoietin (myeloproliferative leukemia virus oncogene, MPL) found in approximately 60% of PMF patients...
2018: Neoplasma
Ekarat Rattarittamrong, Adisak Tantiworawit, Noppamas Kumpunya, Ornkamon Wongtagan, Ratchanoo Tongphung, Arunee Phusua, Chatree Chai-Adisaksopha, Sasinee Hantrakool, Thanawat Rattanathammethee, Lalita Norasetthada, Pimlak Charoenkwan, Suree Lekawanvijit
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to determine the prevalence of calreticulin (CALR) mutation in patients with non-JAK2V617F mutated essential thrombocythemia (ET). The secondary objectives were to evaluate the accuracy of CALR mutation analysis by high-resolution melting (HRM) analysis and real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) compared with DNA sequencing and to compare clinical characteristics of CALR mutated and JAK2V617F mutated ET. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study involving ET patients registered at Chiang Mai University in the period September 2015-September 2017 who were aged more than 2 years, and did not harbor JAK2V617F mutation...
March 9, 2018: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
Ruben D Arroyo-Olarte, Ignacio Martínez, Mayra Cruz-Rivera, Fela Mendlovic, Bertha Espinoza
BACKGROUND: Trypanosoma cruzi is a protozoan parasite and an etiological agent of Chagas disease. There is a wide variability in the clinical outcome of its infection, ranging from asymptomatic individuals to those with chronic fatal mega syndromes. Both parasite and host factors, as well as their interplay, are thought to be involved in the process. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the resistance to complement-mediated killing in two T. cruzi TcI strains with differential virulence and the subsequent effect on their infectivity in mammalian cells...
February 19, 2018: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Fang-Yuan Gong, Zheng Gong, Cui-Cui Duo, Jun Wang, Chao Hong, Xiao-Ming Gao
Calreticulin (CRT), a luminal resident calcium-binding glycoprotein of the cell, is a tumor-associated antigen involved in tumorigenesis and also an autoantigen targeted by autoantibodies found in patients with various autoimmune diseases. We have previously shown that prokaryotically expressed recombinant murine CRT (rCRT) exhibits strong stimulatory activities against monocytes/macrophages in vitro and potent immunogenicity in vivo, which is partially attributable to self-oligomerization of soluble rCRT. However, even in oligomerized form native CRT (nCRT) isolated from mouse liver is much less active than rCRT, arguing against the possibility that self-oligomerization alone would license potent pro-inflammatory properties to nCRT...
February 27, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Sarah Hintermair, Elisabeth Zwickl-Traxler, Martin Pecherstorfer, Josef Singer
Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN), classified as polycythemia vera (PV), essential thrombocytosis (ET) and myelofibrosis (MF) are stem-cell derived disorders. Mutations in either the januskinase-2 (JAK-2) or the calreticulin (CALR) gene are characteristic for MPN and may result in enhanced proliferation of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets, and thus increase the risk for vascular events. This study is a retrospective and descriptive analysis of records of patients, who underwent treatment for myeloproliferative syndromes at the Department of Hemato-Oncology of the University hospital Krems from 2008 to the end of 2015...
February 2, 2018: Oncotarget
Farjam Goudarzi, Adel Mohammadalipour, Iraj Khodadadi, Sheno Karimi, Rezvan Mostoli, Majid Bahabadi, Mohammad Taghi Goodarzi
Differentiation process of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) into adipocyte is involved in obesity. Multiple factors such as Ca2+ play important roles in different stages of this process. Because of the complicated roles of Ca2+ in adipogenesis, the aim of present investigation was to study the influx and efflux of Ca2+ into and out of the cells during adipogenesis. Adipose-derived MSCs were used to differentiate into adipocytes. MSCs were exposed to 2.5 mM Ca2+ or 1.8 mM Ca2+ plus calcium ionophore, A23187, for 3 days...
February 27, 2018: Molecular Biotechnology
Tariq I Mughal, Jason Gotlib, Ruben Mesa, Steffen Koschmieder, H Jean Khoury, Jorge E Cortes, Tiziano Barbui, Rüdiger Hehlmann, Michael Mauro, Susanne Saussele, Jerald P Radich, Richard A Van Etten, Giuseppe Saglio, Srdnan Verstovek, Robert Peter Gale, Omar Abdel-Wahab
This review is based on the presentations and deliberations at the 7th John Goldman Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) and Myeloproliferative Neoplasms (MPN) Colloquium which took place in Estoril, Portugal on the 15th October 2017, and the 11th post-ASH International Workshop on CML and MPN which took place on the 6th-7th December 2016, immediately after the 58th American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting. Rather than present a resume of the proceedings, we have elected to address some of the topical translational research and clinically relevant topics in greater detail...
February 14, 2018: Leukemia Research
Divya Nedungadi, Anupama Binoy, Nanjan Pandurangan, Sanjay Pal, Bipin G Nair, Nandita Mishra
An α, β-unsaturated carbonyl compound of ginger, 6-Shogaol (6S), induced extensive cytoplasmic vacuolation and cell death in breast cancer cell (MDA-MB-231) and non-small lung cancer (A549) cells. In the presence of autophagic inhibitors the cells continued to exhibit cytoplasmic vacuolation and cell death clearly distinguishing it from the classic autophagic process. 6S induced death did not exhibit the characteristic apoptotic features like caspase cleavage, phosphatidyl serine exposure and DNA fragmentation...
February 17, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
Urška Sivka, Nataša Toplak, Simon Koren, Jernej Jakše
Lithophaga lithophaga is a rock-boring bivalve with an ability to dissolve carbonate substrata with its siphonal and pallial gland secretions. However, the molecular mechanism that enables this species to bore into calcareous rocks is not yet known. In order to identify genes potentially involved in chemical boring we performed transcriptome sequencing of pallial-gland tissue samples of L. lithophaga. Transcriptome sequencing using an Ion Torrent platform generated 60.563 million clean reads with an average read length of 96 bp...
February 6, 2018: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part D, Genomics & Proteomics
Wen Zhang, Zhiyue Liu, Yanmei Zhang, Qinxue Bao, Wenchao Wu, He Huang, Xiaojing Liu
AIMS: Calreticulin (CRT), as a chaperone, contributes to protein folding and quality control cycle. CRT is an important factor regulating Ca2+ that participates in cell apoptosis. However, the function of CRT in the heart is still controversial. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the potential role of CRT in angiotensin II-induced cardiomyocytes apoptosis. MAIN METHODS: Primary cultured neonatal cardiomyocytes were stimulated with angiotensin II to induce the apoptosis...
February 14, 2018: Life Sciences
Alexander Eckersley, Kieran T Mellody, Suzanne M Pilkington, Christopher Em Griffiths, Rachel E B Watson, Ronan O'Cualain, Clair Baldock, David Knight, Michael J Sherratt
Elastic fibres comprising fibrillin microfibrils and elastin are present in many tissues, including the skin, lung, and arteries where they confer elasticity and resilience. Although fibrillin microfibrils play distinct and tissue-specific functional roles, it is unclear whether their ultrastructure and composition differ between elastin-rich (skin) and elastin-poor (ciliary body and zonule) organs or after in vitro synthesis by cultured cells. Here, we used atomic force microscopy, which revealed that the bead morphology of fibrillin microfibrils isolated from the human eye differs from those isolated from the skin...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Wei Wei, Saurav Misra, Matthew V Cannon, Renchi Yang, Xiaofan Zhu, Reid Gilmore, Min Zhu, Bin Zhang
N-glycosylation is a common posttranslational modification of secreted and membrane proteins, catalyzed by the two enzymatic isoforms of the oligosaccharyltransferase, STT3A and STT3B. Missense mutations are the most common mutations in inherited diseases, however, missense mutations that generate extra, non-native N-glycosylation sites have not been well characterized. Coagulation factor VIII (FVIII) contains five consensus N-glycosylation sites outside its functionally dispensable B domain. We developed a computer program that identified hemophilia A mutations in FVIII that can potentially create ectopic glycosylation sites...
February 14, 2018: Biochemical Journal
Mohan Nair, Juan Romero, Aria Mahtabfar, Ahmed M Meleis, Ramsey A Foty, Siobhan A Corbett
Dispersal of Glioblastoma (GBM) renders localized therapy ineffective and is a major cause of recurrence. Previous studies have demonstrated that Dexamethasone (Dex), a drug currently used to treat brain tumor-related edema, can also significantly reduce dispersal of human primary GBM cells from neurospheres. It does so by triggering α5 integrin activity, leading to restoration of fibronectin matrix assembly (FNMA), increased neurosphere cohesion, and reduction of neurosphere dispersal velocity (DV). How Dex specifically activates α5 integrin in these GBM lines is unknown...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Jing Sun, Hongxiang Mu, Keren Dai, Lan Yi
Calreticulin (CRT) is an endoplasmic reticulum luminal calcium-binding protein with multiple cellular functions, including intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis, oxidative stress responses, and lectin binding. CRT can also modulate cell adhesion, cell-cell interactions, migration, phagocytosis, integrin-dependent Ca2+ signaling, and immune responses, and plays an important role in cellular proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. Given these roles, it is not surprising that CRT function has important implications in health and disease...
September 1, 2017: Die Pharmazie
Song Qin, Zhipeng Gao, Yu Liu, Changbai Liu, Jun Wang, Li Li Zou
In cancer immunotherapy, dendritic cell (DC)-based vaccines represent a promising, yet challenging, treatment method. In addition to overcoming the low expression levels of antigenic epitopes on cancer cells, it is also necessary to overcome the inhibitory effect of suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1) on DC self-antigen presentation. Our group previously demonstrated that calreticulin (CRT) translocated type I transmembrane glycoprotein mucin 1 (MUC1), a breast cancer antigen, to the surface of 4T1 cells, and that treatment with MUC1-CRT-primed 4T1 cell-treated DCs induced apoptosis in a breast cancer cell line...
February 2018: Oncology Letters
Robert Diep, Ara Metjian
Essential thrombocythemia (ET) is an indolent myeloproliferative neoplasm characterized by megakaryocyte hyperplasia, thrombocytosis, thrombotic and hemorrhagic complications, and potential transformation into myelofibrosis and acute myeloid leukemia. The vast majority of cases are driven by a somatic mutation in JAK2, CALR, or MPL. CALR, a gene that codes for the calcium-binding chaperone calreticulin, is the predominant mutation in patients with non-mutated JAK2 essential thrombocythemia, accounting for 20-25% of the overall somatic mutation frequency in ET...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
Chiara Riganti, Marcello Francesco Lingua, Iris Chiara Salaroglio, Chiara Falcomatà, Luisella Righi, Deborah Morena, Francesca Picca, Daniele Oddo, Joanna Kopecka, Monica Pradotto, Roberta Libener, Sara Orecchia, Paolo Bironzo, Valentina Comunanza, Federico Bussolino, Silvia Novello, Giorgio Vittorio Scagliotti, Federica Di Nicolantonio, Riccardo Taulli
Systemic treatment of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is moderately active for the intrinsic pharmacological resistance of MPM cell and its ability to induce an immune suppressive environment. Here we showed that the expression of bromodomain (BRD) proteins BRD2, BRD4 and BRD9 was significantly higher in human primary MPM cells compared to normal mesothelial cells (HMC). Nanomolar concentrations of bromodomain inhibitors (BBIs) JQ1 or OTX015 impaired patient-derived MPM cell proliferation and induced cell-cycle arrest without affecting apoptosis...
2018: Oncoimmunology
Grażyna Gadomska, Alicja Bartoszewska-Kubiak, Joanna Boinska, Karolina Matiakowska, Katarzyna Ziołkowska, Olga Haus, Danuta Rość
The aim of the study was to evaluate selected angiogenic factors in patients with essential thrombocythemia (ET) depending on JAK2V617F, calreticulin gene (CALR) and myeloproliferative leukemia virus oncogene (MPL) mutations. Sixty ET patients and 20 healthy volunteers were enrolled in the study. The following tests were performed: vascular endothelial growth factor- A (VEGF-A), soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 (sVEGFR-1),soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (sVEGFR-2), platelet-derived growth factor( PDGF-BB), and stromal-derived factor-1α (SDF-1α)...
January 1, 2018: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
İlhan Elmaci, Ebru Emekli Alturfan, Salih Cengiz, Aysel Ozpinar, Meric A Altinoz
Cardiac glycosides induce a strong immunological cancer cell cytotoxicity, in which the released intracellular components of dying tumor cells (eg. calreticulin, HMGB1 and ATP) stimulate immunity and help in eradicating cancer. Among the cardiac glycosides, oleandrin is an inhibitor of P-glycoprotein expression and exerts excellent penetration through the blood-brain barrier which also harbours neuroprotective and anti-glioma efficacies. Cardiac glycosides also exert neuroprotective activities, one explanation for such an action is the metabolic arrest as a defense strategy against hypoxia...
January 31, 2018: International Journal of Neuroscience
Lingyun Wang, Joanne E Murphy-Ullrich, Yuhua Song
Cell surface calreticulin (CRT) binding to thrombospondin-1 (TSP1), regulates cell adhesion, migration, anoikis resistance, and collagen production. Due to the essential role of membrane microdomains in CRT-mediated focal adhesion disassembly, we previously studied the effect of raft-like bilayers on TSP1-CRT interactions with all-atom molecular dynamics (AAMD) simulations. However, the simulated systems of protein on the surface of the bilayer(s) in the explicit solvent are too large for long time scale AAMD simulations due to computational expense...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"