keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cardio-pulmonary

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911936/exercise-training-in-patients-with-pulmonary-and-systemic-hypertension-a-unique-therapy-for-two-different-diseases
#1
REVIEW
Massimo Leggio, Augusto Fusco, Giorgio Limongelli, Luca Sgorbini
Pulmonary hypertension is a potentially life-threatening condition. Given its evolving definition, the incidence and prevalence of the disease is difficult to define, but registries suggest an increased global awareness. The management of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension is highly specialised and requires multi-disciplinary input from a range of healthcare professionals, including cardiologists, respiratory physicians, rheumatologists, rehabilitation physicians and cardio-pulmonary physiotherapists...
September 11, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905804/large-pancreatic-pseudocyst-penetrating-into-posterior-mediastinum
#2
Adam Roman Markowski, Elżbieta Brodalka, Katarzyna Guzinska-Ustymowicz, Konrad Zaręba, Dariusz Cepowicz, Bogusław Kędra
We report a rare case of a large mediastinal pancreatic pseudocyst compressing the left atrium and the esophagus and causing dyspnea, palpitations, and emesis. Chest radiograph was non-diagnostic, esophagogastroduodenoscopy showed diffuse extrinsic compression of the distal esophagus and gastric corpus, but a definitive diagnosis was confirmed by computed tomography. We decided to perform surgery due to the recurrence of the pancreatic pseudocyst, a history of unsuccessful radiologically guided external drainage a few years earlier, and a very large diameter of the pseudocyst causing acute cardio-pulmonary distress syndrome...
August 31, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820609/cardio-pulmonary-interactions-physiologic-basis-and-clinical-applications
#3
Michael R Pinsky
The hemodynamic effects of ventilation can be grouped into three concepts: 1) spontaneous ventilation is exercise; 2) changes in lung volume alter autonomic tone, pulmonary vascular resistance, and can compress the heart in the cardiac fossa; 3) spontaneous inspiratory efforts decrease intrathoracic pressure (ITP) increasing venous return and impeding left ventricular (LV) ejection; whereas positive pressure ventilation decreases venous return and unloads LV ejection. Spontaneous inspiratory efforts may induce acute LV failure and cardiogenic pulmonary edema...
August 18, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809670/cardio-pulmonary-stethoscope-clinical-validation-with-heart-failure-and-hemodialysis-patients
#4
Magdy F Iskander, Todd B Seto, Ruthsenne Rg Perron, Eunjung Lim, Farhan Qazi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the accuracy of a noninvasive radiofrequency-based device, the Cardio-Pulmonary Stethoscope (CPS), to monitor heart and respiration rates and detect changes in lung water content in human experiments and clinical trials. METHODS: Three human populations (healthy subjects (n=4), heart failure (n=12) and hemodialysis (n=13) patients) were enrolled in this study. The study was conducted at the University of Hawaii and The Queen's Medical Center in Honolulu, HI...
August 14, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809368/deep-neck-infections-a-single-center-analysis-of-63-cases
#5
P Kauffmann, R Cordesmeyer, M Tröltzsch, C Sömmer, R Laskawi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: With the use of antibiotic therapy, the incidence of deep neck infections has decreased in recent decades. The aim of this investigation was to review the clinical course and the management of deep neck infections in our department, compare them to the experiences of the common literature and identify predisposing factors for lethal complications. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this single-center analysis, 63 patients with deep neck infections were treated surgically...
August 15, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790293/-critical-care-managements-after-lung-transplantation
#6
Masaki Anraku
Lung transplantation is a viable treatment option for patients with end-stage lung diseases such as interstitial pneumonia/pulmonary fibrosis, emphysema, pulmonary hypertension, and so on. Collecting available clinical, physiological, serological, and surgical information of both donor and recipient is vital when planning relevant postoperative managements. The goal of the managements is to keep the transplanted lung (s) functional while preventing/treating infection, rejection, and ischemiareperfusion lung injury...
July 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782702/preferences-for-life-sustaining-treatments-examined-by-hidden-markov-modeling-are-mostly-stable-in-terminally-ill-cancer-patients-last-6-months-of-life
#7
Siew Tzuh Tang, Fur-Hsing Wen, Wen-Cheng Chang, Chia-Hsun Hsieh, Wen-Chi Chou, Jen-Shi Chen, Ming-Mo Hou
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Stability of life-sustaining treatment (LST) preferences at end of life (EOL) has not been well established for terminally ill cancer patients nor have transition probabilities been explored between different types of preferences. We assessed the stability of cancer patients' LST preferences at EOL by identifying distinct LST-preference states and examining the probability of each state transitioning to other states between consecutive time points. METHODS: Stability of LST preferences (cardio-pulmonary resuscitation, intensive care unit [ICU] care, cardiac massage, intubation with mechanical ventilation, intravenous nutrition support, and nasogastric tube feeding) was examined among 303 cancer patients in their last 6 months by hidden Markov modeling...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776404/angiogenic-and-inflammatory-biomarkers-in-the-differentiation-of-pulmonary-hypertension
#8
Joanna Säleby, Habib Bouzina, Jakob Lundgren, Göran Rådegran
OBJECTIVES: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a serious condition where diagnosis often is delayed due to unspecific symptoms. New methods to diagnose and differentiate PH earlier would therefore be of great value. The aim of this study was therefore to evaluate the relationship between circulating angiogenic and inflammatory biomarkers and various hemodynamic variables in relation to different causes of PH. DESIGN: Plasma samples from 63 patients at diagnosis were extracted from Lund Cardio Pulmonary Register, separated into pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH, n = 22), chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH, n = 15) and left heart disease (LHD) with (n = 21) and without (n = 5) PH...
October 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750409/timp-2-igfbp7-nephrocheck%C3%A2-measurements-at-intensive-care-unit-admission-after-cardiac-surgery-are-predictive-for-acute-kidney-injury-within-48-hours
#9
Mehmet Oezkur, Attila Magyar, Phillip Thomas, Tabea Stork, Reinhard Schneider, Constanze Bening, Stefan Störk, Peter U Heuschmann, Rainer G Leyh, Martin Wagner
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a postoperative complication after cardiac surgery with a high impact on mortality and morbidity. Nephrocheck® [TIMP-2*IGFBP7] determines markers of tubular stress, which occurs prior to tubular damage. It is unknown at which time-point [TIMP-2*IGFBP7] measurement should be performed to ideally predict AKI. We investigated the association of [TIMP-2*IGFBP7] at various time-points with the incidence of AKI in patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery including cardio-pulmonary bypass...
July 27, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737098/abdominal-wall-morbidity-following-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy
#10
F Struller, I Koenigsrainer, P Horvath, A Koenigsrainer, S Beckert
BACKGROUND: Incisional hernia formation has been reported as high as 20% within 1 year following midline laparotomy. Since hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy is likely to impair wound healing, we sought to investigate the incidence of incisional hernia formation and abdominal wall rupture following cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy. METHODS: Consecutive patients with radiographic evidence of peritoneal metastases were scheduled for cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy at the Comprehensive Cancer Center, University Hospital Tuebingen, Germany...
March 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714076/the-target-value-of-oxygen-saturation-during-the-first-10-minutes-after-birth
#11
Yosuke Taguchi, Shigeharu Hosono, Kazunori Kayama, Ryota Kato, Kotaro Hine, Nobuhiko Nagano, Kayo Yoshikawa, Shigeru Takahashi, Shori Takahashi
BACKGROUND: During the neonatal resuscitation, careful oxygenation is needed. The use of pulse oximetry is recommended to evaluate the need for oxygenation, but it is not clear whether adequate peripheral perfusion is established to allow the evaluation of arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2). Additionally, there is no study of the changes in SpO2 immediately after birth in Japan, despite the indispensable need for definitive oxygenation criteria. METHODS: A prospective observational study was performed in neonates with gestational ages of 35-41 weeks...
July 17, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712418/the-cross-sectional-relation-between-medically-unexplained-physical-symptoms-mups-and-the-cortisol-awakening-response
#12
Nikki Claassen-van Dessel, Johannes C van der Wouden, Joost Dekker, Judith G M Rosmalen, Henriëtte E van der Horst
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the cross-sectional relation between levels of cortisol and specific symptom clusters, symptom severity and duration of symptoms in patients with medically unexplained physical symptoms (MUPS). METHODS: Baseline data of a cohort of MUPS patients were used. We chose the Cortisol Awakening Response (CAR) as a cortisol parameter, using saliva samples. We used confirmatory factor analysis for the identification of 4 specific symptom clusters: (1) gastro-intestinal symptoms; (2) pain; (3) cardio-pulmonary symptoms; and (4) fatigue...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693357/effect-of-acute-ambient-temperature-exposure-on-cardio-pulmonary-and-respiratory-kinetics-in-men
#13
U Drescher, J Koschate, U Hoffmann, S Schneider, A Werner
PURPOSE: The goal of the study was to compare the kinetics responses of heart rate (HR) and pulmonary (V'O2pulm) and muscular (V'O2musc) oxygen uptake during dynamic leg exercise across different acute ambient temperature conditions in a climatic chamber. METHODS: Thirteen physically healthy, active male volunteers performed pseudo-random binary sequence (PRBS) work rate (WR) changes between 30 W and 80 W at 15°C, 25°C and 35°C, respectively. HR was measured beat-to-beat by echocardiogram and V'O2pulm by breath-by-breath gas exchange, and V'O2musc estimations were assessed by applying a circulatory model and cross-correlation functions based on the approach of Hoffmann et al...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692213/-fever-to-treat-or-not-to-treat
#14
Mihaela N Martinvalet, Anne Iten, Jérôme Stirnemann
Fever is routinely faced during medical practice. Although it is part of the immune response against pathogens, it is often seen as deleterious and a source of discomfort leading to the use of antipyretic drugs. However, few clinical data support this common practice. On the contrary, to date, results tilt in favor of the beneficial effect of fever, such as a better immune response and inhibition of pathogen growth. Data encourage the treatment of fever only in certain conditions such as neurological symptoms, cardio-pulmonary failure, or fever of non-infectious origin...
October 19, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682938/improving-patient-selection-for-refractory-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-treated-with-extracorporeal-life-support
#15
Tahar Chouihed, Antoine Kimmoun, Adrien Lauvray, Francois-Xavier Laithier, Deborah Jaeger, Simon Lemoine, Juan Pablo Maureira, Lionel Nace, Kevin Duarte, Stéphane Albizzati, Nicolas Girerd, Bruno Levy
BACKGROUND: Despite recent management improvement, including Extra-Corporeal Life Support (ECLS), refractory out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (ROHCA) survival remains dramatically low. METHODS: We assessed an innovative strategy (Out of hoSpital Cardiac ARrest-ExtraCorporeal Life Support - "OSCAR-ECLS") to optimize access to ECLS of ROHCA patients and reduce the delay between recognition and ECLS implantation. METHODS: This study, conducted in a tertiary teaching hospital, compared the survival and delay times of ROHCA patients treated by ECLS before and after OSCAR-ECLS implementation...
July 4, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682037/-cardio-pulmonary-renal-interactions
#16
Sara Samoni, Faeq Husain-Syed, Silvia De Rosa, Claudio Ronco
Over the past decade, understanding about feedback mechanisms involving the heart, lung and kidney is significantly improved. Each organ injury may trigger hemodynamic, neuro-hormonal and cellular pathway that may damage diverse organs. Recurrent acute on chronic injury may lead to the advanced stage of disease. On the other hand, chronic pathological conditions may decrease functional reserve leading to a high susceptibility to acute injury. Assessment of functional reserve and dosage of novel biomarkers may allow an early diagnosis and treatment...
March 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679415/classification-of-caesarean-section-and-normal-vaginal-deliveries-using-foetal-heart-rate-signals-and-advanced-machine-learning-algorithms
#17
Paul Fergus, Abir Hussain, Dhiya Al-Jumeily, De-Shuang Huang, Nizar Bouguila
BACKGROUND: Visual inspection of cardiotocography traces by obstetricians and midwives is the gold standard for monitoring the wellbeing of the foetus during antenatal care. However, inter- and intra-observer variability is high with only a 30% positive predictive value for the classification of pathological outcomes. This has a significant negative impact on the perinatal foetus and often results in cardio-pulmonary arrest, brain and vital organ damage, cerebral palsy, hearing, visual and cognitive defects and in severe cases, death...
July 6, 2017: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664690/plasma-magnesium-concentration-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#18
Edyta Kotlinska-Hasiec, Marta Makara-Studzinska, Marek Czajkowski, Ziemowit Rzecki, Krzysztof Olszewski, Adam Stadnik, Jacek Pilat, Beata Rybojad, Wojciech Dabrowski
[b]Introduction[/b]. Magnesium (Mg) plays a crucial role in cell physiology and its deficiency may cause many disorders which often require intensive treatment. The aim of this study was to analyse some factors affecting preoperative plasma Mg concentration in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). [b]Materials and method[/b]. Adult patients scheduled for elective CABG with cardio-pulmonary bypass (CPB) under general anaesthesia were studied. Plasma Mg concentration was analysed before surgery in accordance with age, domicile, profession, tobacco smoking and preoperative Mg supplementation...
May 11, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662037/activation-of-complement-factor-b-contributes-to-murine-and-human-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#19
Nicholas Chun, Ala S Haddadin, Junying Liu, Yunfang Hou, Karen A Wong, Daniel Lee, Julie I Rushbrook, Karan Gulaya, Roberta Hines, Tamika Hollis, Beatriz Nistal Nuno, Abeel A Mangi, Sabet Hashim, Marcela Pekna, Amy Catalfamo, Hsiao-Ying Chin, Foramben Patel, Sravani Rayala, Ketan Shevde, Peter S Heeger, Ming Zhang
The pathophysiology of myocardial injury that results from cardiac ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) is incompletely understood. Experimental evidence from murine models indicates that innate immune mechanisms including complement activation via the classical and lectin pathways are crucial. Whether factor B (fB), a component of the alternative complement pathway required for amplification of complement cascade activation, participates in the pathophysiology of myocardial I/R injury has not been addressed. We induced regional myocardial I/R injury by transient coronary ligation in WT C57BL/6 mice, a manipulation that resulted in marked myocardial necrosis associated with activation of fB protein and myocardial deposition of C3 activation products...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660303/the-role-of-eeg-recordings-in-children-undergoing-cardiac-surgery-for-congenital-heart-disease
#20
Sascha Meyer, Martin Poryo, Mohammed Shatat, Ludwig Gortner, Hashim Abdul-Khaliq
BACKGROUND: Neurological dysfunction may occur after corrective cardiac surgery using cardio-pulmonary bypass (CPB) with or without circulatory arrest. Different neurophysiological monitoring systems have been employed to detect neurological complications and possible brain injury in infants and children during and after cardiac surgery. The value of Elecetroencephalogram (EEG) in infants and children at risk for neurological sequelae has not been systematically studied. METHODS: Sequential performance of two EEGs before and after cardiac surgery at a tertiary University Hospital to screen for possible brain injury after cardiac surgery in neonates and children undergoing CPB surgery...
June 28, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
keyword
keyword
25380
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"